A Basic Meditation Technique of the Kabbalah: Chanting the Name JHVH

The meditative techniques created by Abraham Abulafia and his followers are unusual in several respects. First, they are some of the clearest meditative techniques in all of the Kabbalah, and come with directions that even a beginner may understand. Second, unlike most classical writers on meditation, Abulafia generally explains precisely why the techniques work, based on his particular synthesis of Kabbalah and Maimonidean philosophy. Third, and unlike most of the Kabbalah, Abulafia's practices are clearly intended to bring about a particular mystical experience; they are not speculations on the cosmos, or elaborations on the commandments. Rather, they are recipes for experience. Abulafian meditation may be unusual for Kabbalah, but in some ways it more closely resembles the mystical literature of other religions. Christian mysticism, for example, is often recorded in first-person narratives: I did this practice, contemplated in this way, and then had this experience. Likewise with Sufi mysticism, though the practices are often communal rather than individual. Kabbalah, however, is primarily composed not of similar first-

Notice. in Abulafia's accounts and my own experience. The truth is. you are associating using gematria.but these testimonies are not the primary form of Kabbalistic literature. In fact. What has happened. is often a kind of stream of free association which plays within the concepts and words being permuted. Today. they will be meaningless. because Abulafia's prophetic techniques are tied to the type of prophecy one receives. they are not even primary in Abulafia's writings. is that Abulafia's meditation practices have been extracted from his books and presented as stand-alone exercises. there are excellent anthologies of Jewish "mystical testimonies" -.one quickly sees that this extraction is a bit misleading." which .person accounts. in the last forty years. that if you don't have the tools to interpret the "prophesies" you are receiving. the numerical equivalents of letters. but of abstruse literature which may or may not be about direct experience. the techniques involve manipulation and permutation of the Hebrew language. for example. though. In general.none of which has yet been translated into English -. when one actually opens Abulafia's books -. What they bring about. Suppose. Abulafia makes much of the equivalence of "Israel" with the term "Sechel Ha-Poal.

an experience is all it is. This is why. or using meditation as a substitute for "getting high." experience is quite enough. as you are rotating through the 72-letter name of God (really. It's ecstasy. Or suppose you have a vision of certain letters. This can be a beautiful experience. But if you don't know that 541 is the numerical value of each. whose mass spiritual phenomena were often focused entirely on escape and experience. then you may reach the end of the line very quickly. I think. For those dabbling in spiritual matters. but without the tools to make sense of what you are seeing. and other "Eastern" religions were present . demonstrating that the mystical practices that were attracting many Jews to Buddhism.means Active Intellect. is often used instead of "prophetic Kabbalah. Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan publicized the teachings of Abulafia. prophecy on how the escape relates to the rest of life." which was used by certain scholars. prophecy is particular. the 216 letter name. comprised of 72 triads). Ecstasy is a diffuse experience. Hinduism. In the wake of the 1960s. Ecstasy is focused on the escape from the world. or can't calculate gematria that quickly. but not prophecy." which was used by Abulafia himself. the term "ecstatic Kabbalah.

and Oo. as did Kaplan. the symbols. For our purposes. combined with pronouncing the Divine name. The shortest version works by sounding out different Hebrew vowels together with the tetragrammaton (Y-H-V-H). I simply want to make clear that the attainment of a mystical state is really only half of the "point" of Abulafia. Ay to the right . We will focus on those techniques which work with very limited knowledge of Hebrew or Kabbalah. Ee. When you do the practice. there is no way around actually learning the language. popularized by Aryeh Kaplan. One of Abulafia's simplest practices.right within Judaism itself. and allow the eyes to close. Ah to the left and back to center. which resembles the way the vowel mark is written in Hebrew: with Oh the head moves up and back to center. But for the other half of the project. Ay. and the terms of Judaism and Kabbalah. involves a series of head movements and breath. Each vowel has a corresponding head movement. One begins with the first letter of the Divine name. you'll want to sit comfortably in a place where you will not be disturbed. Yood. Ah. which integrates the knowledge received in mystical states with the rest of the world. and pronounces with the yood the vowels Oh. Kaplan had his own reasons for doing so.

Vav. backward. and back to center. There are many layers to this practice. then on the exhale. pronouncing the sound. somewhere in there you have pronounced the . you move back.move head downward Exhale . and then Hey again.move head backward Exhale . center. pronouncing Yah Inhale .move head to the right Exhale . notice that since you're permuting each letter of the Divine Name with each vowel. pronouncing Yoh Inhale .move head back to center. So. backward. pronouncing Yay Inhale .move head back to center.move head back to center. pronouncing Yee Inhale .move head to the left Exhale . it looks a bit like this: Inhale .move head upward Exhale .move head foreward.and back to center. Yoo You then repeat that process with the letters Hey.move head back to center. Ee down and back to center. and then Oo forward. Move your head with the breath: on each inhale you move away from center. On the esoteric level.

For example. As you develop. Instead of just inhaling. So it sounds like "Oh-Yo. Oh-Yah." and so on. Moreover. it's not very interesting or uplifting. Ay-yah. there are more and more complicated versions.. Another is to combine Divine names. then "Ah-Yo. the complexity of this practice really focuses the mind. such as YHVH and ADNY ("adonai")." then "Ay-yo. Now. One is to visualize the letters and vowels as you pronounce them. And all in a system that expertly pushes distracting thoughts away.. and rotate through the vowel-sequence with the two names.ineffable name of God. tests. this is just the simplest level of the practice.. The . Ah-yah. On the more practical level. You can be thinking about mortgages. and training the mind and body to work together. and kids when you start.. you pronounce a vowel and move the head on the inhalation. but in order to keep it straight. But look closely at what Abulafia is doing: focusing the mind. The results can be amazing. You can even do one name backward and the other name forward. there's a version of the practice above in which you rotate through the vowels on the exhale." etc. those thoughts just have to leave.. if this is approached as a sort of parlor trick.

I've really got YHVH in my head -. isn't it? That the trees and people and cars are just the skin of the Divine? Isn't that the simple truth we've been trying to wake up to? From: http://bestfruitsofpractice. when I finish it.html .I can imagine the letters of the name imprinted on whatever else I'm seeing: trees.practice takes about twenty minutes. And that is the truth. Usually. traffic jams.blogspot. if you don't rush.com/2008/01/basicmeditation-technique-of-kabbalah. people.

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