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# Class

Register Number

Name

NANYANG GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL End-of-Year Examination 2008 Secondary Three PHYSICS
Paper 1 Multiple Choice Wednesday 8 October 2008 45 minutes 1100 - 1145

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. Write your name, register number and class in the spaces at the top of this page and on any separate answer paper used. Answer all the questions in this paper. For each question, there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and shade your choice, using 2B pencil, on the Optical Answer Sheet provided. Calculators are allowed in this paper. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES Each correct answer will be awarded one mark. No mark is deducted for incorrect answers.

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## Nanyang Girls High School

The diagram shows an object being measured using a pair of vernier callipers. What is the reading on the vernier? 90 100 mm scale

A B C D

## 103.8 mm 103.3 mm 95.3 mm 95.8 mm

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vernier scale

The diagram shows a simple pendulum. It takes exactly 1.2 s to move from the maximum displacement X, to Z and back to Y. What is the period of the pendulum? A B C D 0.4 s 0.8 s 1.6 s 2.4 s

X Y

An aeroplane flying due north is being blown off course by wind in various directions. The velocities of the aeroplane (top view) and the wind are shown in the diagram below.

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## Nanyang Girls High School

The velocity-time graph shows how the velocity of an object varies with time. What are the acceleration and the displacement of the object over the 8 s? v / m/s

40

t/s

- 40

A B C D

## Displacement 0m 160 m 0m 160 m

A train, 90 m long, stops in a station with its front end in line with a lamp-post. Later it starts off with a constant acceleration of 0.50 m/s. The speed of the train when the tail end of the train passes the lamp-post is A B 4.5 m/s 9.5 m/s C D 45 m/s 95 m/s

When a constant unbalanced force is acting on an object, which of the following statements about the object is correct? A B C D Its displacement must increase. Its speed must increase. Its direction of motion must change. Its acceleration remains unchanged.

A box of mass of 5.0 kg is lying on the ground. A man pushes the box horizontally with a force of 12 N. The box reaches a speed of 2.0 m/s after travelling 5.0 m. What is the force of friction on the ground? A B 0N 2.0 N C D 10 N 12 N

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Three books are piled up on a table top as shown below. F A B C Table top

If book A is pushed with a horizontal force F and remains stationary, which of the following statements is/are correct? (1) The friction acting on A by B acts towards the left. (2) The magnitude of the force acting on B by A is equal to that of F. (3) The friction acting on B by C is greater than F. A B C D (1) only (3) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only

A spherical metal ball has a volume of 2.10 cm. 500 such metal balls are found to weigh 25.0 N. What is the density of the metal ball? A B 1.19 kg/m 2380 kg/m C D 5950 kg/m 23800 kg/m

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Astronauts on the Moon can jump higher than they can on Earth. What is the main reason? A B C D There is no air resistance on the Moon. Their masses become smaller on the Moon. Their weights become smaller on the Moon. There is less friction between their boots and the ground on the Moon.

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The diagram below shows a force of 40 N being applied to one end of a light uniform board. The other end of the board is attached to a spring, which is attached to the ground. What is the force in the spring? 40 N spring 0.5 m 1.5 m

## ground A B C D 60 N upward 60 N downward 120 N upward 120 N downward

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Where is the centre of gravity of the cupboard if it does not topple over when placed on the slope shown in the diagram below? A

B C D

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A lion is chasing a deer. The mass of the deer is half that of the lion, and they have the same kinetic energy. What is the ratio of the running speed of the lion to that of the deer? A B 1: 2 1:2 C D
2:1 2:1

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Gary lifts his 50 kg dance partner 1.5 m vertically into the air in 1.5 s. What is his power output? A B 110 W 170 W C D 500 W 750 W

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## A girl at X looks through a periscope at a mountain far away.

Which of the following descriptions about the final image of the mountain formed is/are true? (1) The final image is laterally inverted. (2) The final image is erect. (3) The final image is diminished. A B C D (1) only (2) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only

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Which of the following diagrams correctly shows light travelling through a semicircular glass block in air?

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The diagram below shows the refraction of a light ray passing from liquid L to air.

air liquid L 26 The refractive index of liquid L is A sin 42 sin 26 B sin 26 sin 42 C

42

Normal

sin 48 sin 26

sin 26 sin 48

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Which of the following equations does not correctly give the refractive index, n? sin i n = sin r n= 1 sin c real depth n = apparent depth n= speed of light in medium speed of light in vacuum

A B

C D

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An image formed by a convex lens is 20.0 cm from the object. If the image is the same size as the object then the focal length of the lens is A B 5.0 cm 10.0 cm C D 20.0 cm 40.0 cm

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The diagram below shows two rays emerging from a converging lens.

## Which of the following incident rays could have produced them?

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Converging lenses A and B both have the same focal length, but B is only half the diameter of A. Both lenses are used separately to form an image of a tree. Choose the correct statement about the images. A B C D The image B forms is closer to the lens than the image A forms. The images are both real and inverted. The image B forms is bigger than the image A forms. The images are of the same brightness.

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## The following represents the electromagnetic spectrum. -rays

R S Visible light T U Radio waves

Which waves are represented by the letters R and U? A B C D R Ultra-violet Ultra-violet X-rays X-rays U Microwaves Infra red Infra red Microwaves

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Which type of electromagnetic wave is emitted from the nuclei of atoms? A B ultraviolet rays gamma-rays C D X-rays microwaves

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An FM radio station broadcasts at a frequency of 90 MHz. What is the wavelength of the waves broadcast by the station? The speed of light in air is 3 108 m/s. A 0.30 m B 3.3 m C 6.0 m D 12 1015 m

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The diagram below shows a transverse wave as it travels from right to left. Which of the following statements correctly describes the motion of the particles P, Q, R and S at the instant shown?
R X P X Q X SX

rest position

A B C D

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The speed of light in a vacuum, in km/h is A B 8.33 107 1.08 108 C D 8.33 108 1.08 109

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## The diagram below shows the cross-section of a water container. X water Y

When continuous plane wavefronts are set up on side X, which of the following diagrams shows the pattern of the wavefronts as they travel from X to Y?

C X

D X

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A sound wave has a frequency of 15 Hz. A B C D This wave cannot be heard as it is in the infrasound region. This wave cannot be heard as it is in the ultrasound region. This wave can be heard as it is in the audible region. Whether it can be heard will depend on the loudness of the sound.

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Which of the following is not a use for ultrasonic waves? A B C D To help bats navigate in the dark. To remove dirt from small instruments. To scan inner parts of the human body. For communication between astronauts in space.

End of Paper

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