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Jaipur saw the introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit System in 2006. Only a small stretch was completed before the Metro System was introduced. Now, with both the transit systems being constructed at the same time, the public transport scenario is full of confusion. It is unclear whether the 2 systems are being integrated together, or even coordinated to work harmoniously. Jaipurs public transport as such does not enjoy a good reputation in matters of reliability and road networking. To plan for the BRT, a feasibility study was done through Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Program by PDCOR Ltd. The forecasts pointed towards the worsening of Jaipurs traffic conditions in the near future if the situation continued the way it was. The study estimated that by 2021, the total number of trips would be 62 lakh. The ratio of various transport options was calculated to be 30% for private vehicles, 60% for public mass transport and 10% for IPT1. The rationale behind the Jaipur Metro is more or less the same, with its DPR prepared by DMRC. In fact, the website for Jaipur metro rail says that keeping in mind the increasing population and the development plans in the offing, travel demands will increase dramatically. To justify the need for a metro system, the authorities once again take the example of the substandard public transit system prevalent in the city.

AIM: The aim of the research will be to find out the necessity and viability of two different transit systems in Jaipur. OBJECTIVES: 1. Analyzing growth of transportation network over a period of 20 years. 2. Calculating the feasibility of the transit systems, both prevalent and coming up, in the city. 3. Anticipating outcomes on the land use and travel demand for the next 20 years. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Are two transit systems needed? What will be the effect of BRTS ridership and Metro ridership if the two systems work simultaneously? What are the possible ways of revenue generation for their successful operation? How to correctly integrate or co ordinate the two transit systems coming up in Jaipur?

Traffic Infra Tech Magazine; Vol 2 issue 2; Jaipur BRT When a good idea goes off track; Nov 8th 2011; Sharma, V.

Methodology/ Study Design: (<300) TASKS Desk study Hypothesis Draft proposal Literature review Detailed proposal

Aim, objectives, approach to study Abstract, introduction to the research, need for the study, aim, objectives, scope and limitations, literature review Listing for information to be obtained from different departments

Checklist Field study



Travel demands Travel mode choice Feasibility of the transit systems Viability of the transit systems Support needed to maintain transit systems Ways and means of revenue generation Impact of intensification of land use Guidelines for implementing transit systems in cities

Expected Outcomes: Outcome expected from this research is would throw light on: 1. People and Decisions: what happens when the same (or even different) individuals or institutions make conflicting decisions, which are not conducive to development 2. Transit mode Choice: what factors influence the choice of modes when there are multiple transit options available to the people. The study will also attempt to anticipate the probable outcomes of the decisions already taken about the BRTS and the Metro, and their feasibility, their revenue collection to offset their operation and maintenance costs, and what can be the expected policy decisions to make the transit systems viable in Jaipur.

What/ how/ who will the study contribute to? The study will aim to understand the necessity for the integration of 2 or more transit systems in an urban environment. At present it seems as if there is no communication between the BRTS and the Metro in Jaipur. If it is observed that both systems are needed, then efforts will made to find out ways to properly integrate or alternatively at least coordinate the two systems. The study will help identify how to increase benefits while reducing competition. The research will also dwell into how the decision-making process also leads to outcomes that are not conducive to development.

Bibliography: NIUA; Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP; Jaipur Public Transport Services through Bus Rapid Transit System and Modern City Buses; JOURNALS: HERMES; Restructuring Public Transit Systems: Evidence on Cost Properties and Optimal Network Configuration from Medium and Large-Sized Companies; Cambini, C; Piacenza, M.; Vannoni, D.; Mar 2006 Fiscal Studies (2000) vol 21 no 4; Government Failure in Urban Transportation; Winston; C. Policy Analysis (Nov 2010) no 670; Fixing Transit: The Case for Privatization; OToole, R. Journal of Urban Economics 62 (2007); On the Social Desirability of Urban Rail Transit Systems; Winston, C; Maheshwari, V. Signature of the Guide:

Prof. Shivanand Swamy