You are on page 1of 33

# TEMPLATE CREATED BY : Vikram Sharma

VERSION : A
TITLE OF TEMPLATE : Centrifugal Pump Calculation Template
1. DISCLAIMER
This template was created by Vikram Sharma with the intention for academic purpose. It may be used for preliminary design engineering calculation with the approval for principal / custodian / subject
matter expert. Point to note that this calculation template shall not be used for detail engineering calculation and designer / user shall use the program that is provided by contractor. If this tool is to be
used for detail engineering without the approval of principal / custodian / subject matter expert, the designer / user shall bear full responsibility of the accuracy and validity of the results obtained from this
2. WHAT IS A CENTRIFUGAL PUMP?
A centrifugal pump is an equipment that converts the input power to kinetic energy. The energy conversion is done by accelerating the liquid by a rotating item called impeller.
Liquid enters the pump through the eye of the impeller which is rotating at high speed. The rotation of the impeller accelerates radially outward the liquid from the
pump casing. Due to this rotation, a vacuum is created at the impeller eye that consistenly draws in more liquid into the pump. The energy transferred to the liquid relates to
the velocity at the edge or tip of the vane impeller. Therefore, it can be said that the faster the impeller revolution or bigger the impeller size, the velocity of the liquid will
be higher.
3. IMPORTANT FEATURES
Require input from user
Scroll down option
Indicative cell for nature of flow.
Contains built-in formula to provide results.
4. PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
a. Suction and Discharge Vessel / Tank Dimensions
LZAHH : Trip alarm when the liquid reached the maximum level height. In other words, high level trip.
HLL : High working liquid level.
LLL : Low working liquid level.
b. Pump Dimensions
Hs,e : Elevation height of suction vessel / tank from ground / grade.
Hs,f : Height of pump suction flange from ground / grade.
Hd,f : Height of pump discharge flange from ground / grade.
Hd : Height of discharge pipe from ground / grade.
Hd,e : Elevation height of discharge vessel / tank from ground / grade.
c. Fluid Important Parameter
Rated Mass flow (RM) : It is defined as the mass flow rate (kg/h) multiplied by a design factor (%)
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP GUIDE
Rated Vol flow (RV) : Rated Mass Flow (RM) (kg/h) / Density (kg/m3)
Nominal Diameter (DN) : Outer diameter of the pipe (m) based on the requirements set by PTS 31.38.01.11.
Inner Diameter (I.D) : It is defined as the the outer diameter of the pipe based on the DN and pipe size charts and the corresponding thickness
Liquid Velocity : It is calculated based on the equations provided below.
Reynolds's Number (Re) : It is a dimensionless parameter to determine the nature of flow of liquid, i.e. laminar, transition or turbulent.
Moody's friction factor (fm) : A value that is used to describe the friction factor of a pipe based on the flow, i.e. laminar or turbulent.
Static Height of Liquid (Ps,st) : The pressure exerted by the liquid due to its height in the vessel / tank
Suction Pressure (Ps) : It is calculated based on the Minimum Operating Pressure of the suction vessel minus the pressure drop at the suction due to friction, items and equipments
Discharge Pressure (Pd) : It is calculated based on the Design Pressure of the receiving vessel / tank or battery limit at the receiving side, and the pressure drop at the discharge side due to friction, items
and equipments.
Differential Pressure (DP) : It is the pressure difference between discharge and suction in bar.
Differential Head (DH) : It is basically the differential pressure converted to head based on the equation provided below.
Hydraulic Horse Power (hyd kW) : It is describe as the power provided by hydraulic system. It is directly proportional to flow rate and pressure. Besides this, it is inversely proportional to the efficiency
Rated Mass Flow (RM ) = Normal Mass Flowrate (M ) x Design Factor (%)
Rated Vol. Flow (RV) = Rated Mass Flow (RM ) / Density (
Inner Diameter (I.D) = Outer Diameter (O.D)
Rated Mass Flow (RM ) = Density of Liquid (
Reynolds (Re) = [Density () x Liquid Velocity (VL,s or VL,d) x Inner Diameter (I.D) ] / Viscosity ()
Laminar: Re = 64 / Re ; Turbulent: 1/(f ) =
Suction vessel : 0.0981 x (LLL - Hs,e - Hs,f) x (
Discharge vessel : 0.0981 x (Hd - Hd,f) x (
Suction Pressure (Ps) = Min. Op. Pressure (MiOP)
Discharge Pressure (Ps) = Design Pressure / B.L at the receiving side +
Differential Pressure (DP) = Discharge Pressure (bar)
Differential Head (DH) = Differential Pressure (bar) x (0.0981 x (
of a system.

Brake Horsepower (bk kW) : Also known as shaft horsepower. It is defined as the real horsepower going to the pump. It shall not be equated to the horsepower used by the motor.
Temp. rise due to pumping (Tr) : It is a measure of temperature rise due to pumping and it is calculated based on the equation provided below.
In this equation, the efficiency is expressed in decimal. Therefore, an efficiency of 78.0% is represented as 0.780. Also, the specific heat capacity is expressed in
kCal/kgC.
Pump Shut Off Head (Pso) : Pump shut off head is described as the pumping of liquid "upwards" until it reached a certain height and from this point, the pump is unable to push the liquid
up any more further. It is calculated using the equation provided below.

5. REFERENCES
5a. Website(s)
http://www.cheresources.com/invision/topic/9646-centrifugal-pumps/
http://www.slideshare.net/mahuda72/centrifugal-pump-sizing-selection-and-design-practices-4425151
5b. E-book(s)
Section 12 - Pumps & Hydraulic Turbines, Engineering Data Book 12th Ed. SI Vol. I and II
Section 17 - Fluid Flow and Piping, Engineering Data Book 12th Ed. SI Vol. I and II
5c. Standard(s)
Petronas Technical Standards - Design and Engineering Practice Manual - Piping - General Requirements PTS 31.38.01.11 November 2009.
Hydraulic Horsepower (hyd kW) = [Rated Vol. Flow (RV) x Diff. Head (DH) x Gravity Acceleration (g) x Liquid Density (
Break Horsepower (bk kW) = hydraulic Horsepower (hyd kW) / Efficiency (%)
Temp. rise (Tr) = [ Differential Head (DH) / ( Specific Heat Capacity (Cp) x 427) ] x [ (1/e)
Pump Shut Off 1(Pso,1) = [ 1.25 x (Pd - Ps) ] + DP of Suct. Vessel / Tank + Max Suction Pressure at HLL
Pump Shut Off 2 (Pso,2) = [ 1.25 x (Pd - Ps) ] + [ 0.0981 x (HLL + Hs,e
This template was created by Vikram Sharma with the intention for academic purpose. It may be used for preliminary design engineering calculation with the approval for principal / custodian / subject
matter expert. Point to note that this calculation template shall not be used for detail engineering calculation and designer / user shall use the program that is provided by contractor. If this tool is to be
used for detail engineering without the approval of principal / custodian / subject matter expert, the designer / user shall bear full responsibility of the accuracy and validity of the results obtained from this
A centrifugal pump is an equipment that converts the input power to kinetic energy. The energy conversion is done by accelerating the liquid by a rotating item called impeller.
Liquid enters the pump through the eye of the impeller which is rotating at high speed. The rotation of the impeller accelerates radially outward the liquid from the
pump casing. Due to this rotation, a vacuum is created at the impeller eye that consistenly draws in more liquid into the pump. The energy transferred to the liquid relates to
the velocity at the edge or tip of the vane impeller. Therefore, it can be said that the faster the impeller revolution or bigger the impeller size, the velocity of the liquid will
Trip alarm when the liquid reached the maximum level height. In other words, high level trip.
Elevation height of suction vessel / tank from ground / grade.
Height of pump suction flange from ground / grade.
Height of pump discharge flange from ground / grade.
Elevation height of discharge vessel / tank from ground / grade.
It is defined as the mass flow rate (kg/h) multiplied by a design factor (%)
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP GUIDE
Rated Mass Flow (RM) (kg/h) / Density (kg/m3)
Outer diameter of the pipe (m) based on the requirements set by PTS 31.38.01.11.
It is defined as the the outer diameter of the pipe based on the DN and pipe size charts and the corresponding thickness
It is calculated based on the equations provided below.
It is a dimensionless parameter to determine the nature of flow of liquid, i.e. laminar, transition or turbulent.
A value that is used to describe the friction factor of a pipe based on the flow, i.e. laminar or turbulent.
: The pressure exerted by the liquid due to its height in the vessel / tank
It is calculated based on the Minimum Operating Pressure of the suction vessel minus the pressure drop at the suction due to friction, items and equipments
It is calculated based on the Design Pressure of the receiving vessel / tank or battery limit at the receiving side, and the pressure drop at the discharge side due to friction, items
It is the pressure difference between discharge and suction in bar.
It is basically the differential pressure converted to head based on the equation provided below.
It is describe as the power provided by hydraulic system. It is directly proportional to flow rate and pressure. Besides this, it is inversely proportional to the efficiency
Rated Mass Flow (RM ) = Normal Mass Flowrate (M ) x Design Factor (%)
RV) = Rated Mass Flow (RM ) / Density ()
Diameter (O.D) - 2 x Thickness (t)
) = Density of Liquid () x Cross Sectional Area based on I.D of suction or discharge x Velocity (VL,s or VL,d)
) x Liquid Velocity (VL,s or VL,d) x Inner Diameter (I.D) ] / Viscosity ()
f ) = -2 log10 [ (/3.7D) + (2.51/Ref) ]
Hs,f) x (/1000)
Hd,f) x (/1000)
n Pressure (Ps) = Min. Op. Pressure (MiOP) - (Ps,f + Ps,e + Ps,i)
Discharge Pressure (Ps) = Design Pressure / B.L at the receiving side + (Pd,f+ Pd,e + Pd,i)
Differential Pressure (DP) = Discharge Pressure (bar) - Suction Pressure (bar)
Differential Head (DH) = Differential Pressure (bar) x (0.0981 x (/1000))
Also known as shaft horsepower. It is defined as the real horsepower going to the pump. It shall not be equated to the horsepower used by the motor.
It is a measure of temperature rise due to pumping and it is calculated based on the equation provided below.
In this equation, the efficiency is expressed in decimal. Therefore, an efficiency of 78.0% is represented as 0.780. Also, the specific heat capacity is expressed in
Pump shut off head is described as the pumping of liquid "upwards" until it reached a certain height and from this point, the pump is unable to push the liquid
up any more further. It is calculated using the equation provided below.
http://www.slideshare.net/mahuda72/centrifugal-pump-sizing-selection-and-design-practices-4425151
Section 12 - Pumps & Hydraulic Turbines, Engineering Data Book 12th Ed. SI Vol. I and II
Petronas Technical Standards - Design and Engineering Practice Manual - Piping - General Requirements PTS 31.38.01.11 November 2009.
Hydraulic Horsepower (hyd kW) = [Rated Vol. Flow (RV) x Diff. Head (DH) x Gravity Acceleration (g) x Liquid Density ()] / 3,600,000
Horsepower (bk kW) = hydraulic Horsepower (hyd kW) / Efficiency (%)
rise (Tr) = [ Differential Head (DH) / ( Specific Heat Capacity (Cp) x 427) ] x [ (1/e) -1 ]
Ps) ] + DP of Suct. Vessel / Tank + Max Suction Pressure at HLL
Ps) ] + [ 0.0981 x (HLL + Hs,e - Hs,f) x SG ]
This template was created by Vikram Sharma with the intention for academic purpose. It may be used for preliminary design engineering calculation with the approval for principal / custodian / subject
matter expert. Point to note that this calculation template shall not be used for detail engineering calculation and designer / user shall use the program that is provided by contractor. If this tool is to be
used for detail engineering without the approval of principal / custodian / subject matter expert, the designer / user shall bear full responsibility of the accuracy and validity of the results obtained from this
A centrifugal pump is an equipment that converts the input power to kinetic energy. The energy conversion is done by accelerating the liquid by a rotating item called impeller.
Liquid enters the pump through the eye of the impeller which is rotating at high speed. The rotation of the impeller accelerates radially outward the liquid from the
pump casing. Due to this rotation, a vacuum is created at the impeller eye that consistenly draws in more liquid into the pump. The energy transferred to the liquid relates to
the velocity at the edge or tip of the vane impeller. Therefore, it can be said that the faster the impeller revolution or bigger the impeller size, the velocity of the liquid will
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP GUIDE
It is calculated based on the Minimum Operating Pressure of the suction vessel minus the pressure drop at the suction due to friction, items and equipments
It is calculated based on the Design Pressure of the receiving vessel / tank or battery limit at the receiving side, and the pressure drop at the discharge side due to friction, items
It is describe as the power provided by hydraulic system. It is directly proportional to flow rate and pressure. Besides this, it is inversely proportional to the efficiency
In this equation, the efficiency is expressed in decimal. Therefore, an efficiency of 78.0% is represented as 0.780. Also, the specific heat capacity is expressed in
Pump shut off head is described as the pumping of liquid "upwards" until it reached a certain height and from this point, the pump is unable to push the liquid
PROJECT: AUTHOR:
LOCATION: VERIFIED:
CLIENT: APPROVED:
CONTRACTOR:
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Name of Liquid:
Pump. Temp (T,p): C Vap. Pressure (Pv):
Density @ 15C (): kg/m3 Mass Flow (M):
Visc. (): Pa.s Design Factor:
m
m
m
Hs,e = m
Hs,f = m
Hd = m
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP CALCULATION TEMPLATE
LZAHH
HLL
LLL
LZAHH
HLL
LLL
Hd,f = m Hd,e =
SUMMARY
SUCTION PRESSURE (Ps): bar
DISCHARGE PRESSURE (Pd): bar
NPSH(A): m
DIFF. PRESSURE (DP): bar
HYDRAULIC POWER, hyd kW: kW
BRAKE HORSEPOWER, bk W: kW
TEMP. RISE (Tr): C
DATE: REV:
DATE:
DATE:
Visc. (): m2/s Rated Mass Flow (RM):
Vap. Pressure (Pv): bara Specific Gravity (SG):
Mass Flow (M): kg/h Rated Vol. Flow (RV):
Design Factor:
3. SUCTION VESSEL INFORMATION
MiOP of Vessel/Tank: bara
MOP of Vessel/Tank: bara
DP of Vessel/Tank: bara
4. PIPE SUCTION INFORMATION
DN:
Sch. No.:
OD:
Thickness:
Suct. Length (L): Moody's Fric. Factor (Fm):
Design Factor: Suct. Fric. P (Ps,f):
Abs. roughness (): Suct. items P (Ps,i):
Suct. Length (L): Suct. equip. P (Ps,e):
Static H. of Liq. (Ps,st):
SUCT. PRESSURE (Ps):
5. DISCHARGE VESSEL INFORMATION
MiOP of Vessel/Tank: bara
MOP of Vessel/Tank: bara
DP of Vessel/Tank: bara
BL Land. Pres. (P): bar
m
6. PIPE DISCHARGE INFORMATION
m DN:
Sch. No.:
m OD: Liquid Velocity (VL,d):
Thickness:
Disch. Length (L): m Moody's Fric. Factor (Fm):
Design Factor: Disch. Friction P (Pd,f):
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP CALCULATION TEMPLATE
m Abs. roughness (): Disch. items P (Pd,i):
Discharge Length (L): m Disch. equip. P (Pd,e):
Static H. of Liq. (Pd,st):
DISCHARGE PRESSURE (Pd):
7. NPSH, DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE AND HEAD
Static H. of Liq. / Head:
Suct Pressure Drop Ps / Head:
DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE (DP):
Diff. Pres. (DH): bar SHUT-OFF PRESSURE 1:
DP of Suct. Vessel/Tank: bar SHUT-OFF PRESSURE 2:
Static H. of Liq. (Ps,st): bar
Coefficient for Pso:
10. PUMP EFFICIENCY
Selected Eff. (Es): %
Est. Eff (Ee): %
11. POWER CALCULATIONS
HYDRAULIC POWER, hyd kW:
BRAKE HORSEPOWER, bk W:
12. TEMPERATURE RISE CALCULATION
Specific Heat (Cp): kJ/kgC
kg/h VALVE
bar (FULLY
m3/h OPEN)
Nature of flow:
ID: m
Liq. vel. (VL,s): m/s
Reynolds no. (Re):
Moody's Fric. Factor (Fm): MISCL.
Suct. Fric. P (Ps,f): bar
Suct. items P (Ps,i): bar
Suct. equip. P (Ps,e): bar
Static H. of Liq. (Ps,st): bar
SUCT. PRESSURE (Ps): bar
Nature of flow:
ID: m
Liquid Velocity (VL,d): m/s
Reynold (Re):
Moody's Fric. Factor (Fm): To simply this equation, let's make 1/sqrt(f) = A. Therefore, the above equation
Disch. Friction P (Pd,f):
bar
shall look like:
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP CALCULATION TEMPLATE
FITTINGS
TOTAL PRESSURE DROP OF ITEMS (Ps/d,i)
TYPE OF ITEMS
COLEBROOK EQUATION SOLVER FOR TURBULENT FLOW
Disch. items P (Pd,i): bar
Disch. equip. P (Pd,e): bar
Static H. of Liq. (Pd,st): bar
DISCHARGE PRESSURE (Pd): bar
Static H. of Liq. / Head: m
Suct Pressure Drop Ps / Head: m
NPSH(A): m
DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE (DP): bar
SHUT-OFF PRESSURE 1: bar
SHUT-OFF PRESSURE 2: bar Error % (LHS and RHS):
SHUT-OFF HEAD 1: m Moody's Fric. Fac (Fm):
Chosen Eff (Ec): %
HYDRAULIC POWER, hyd kW: kW
BRAKE HORSEPOWER, bk W: kW
Specific Heat (Cp): kCal/kgC
Chosen Eff (Ec):
TEMP. RISE (Tr): C
Specific Gravity (SG):
No. C
Reduced bore DN40 and smaller 65
Reduced bore DN50 and smaller 45
Standard bore 13
Reduced bore DN40 and smaller 65
Straight pattern 340
Y pattern 160
Angle pattern 145
Swing pattern 135
Ball or piston type, DN40 and smaller 340
PLUG VALVE Regular pattern 45
BUTTERFLY VALVE DN150 and larger 20
Flow straight through 20
Flow throughside outlet 65
90deg, R = 1.5D 20
45deg, R = 1.5D 16
90deg, R = 4D 14
90deg, R = 5D 16
180deg, R = 4D 25
180deg, R = 5D 28
STRAINER Pump suction Y-type and bucket type 250
Product outlet nozzel vessel / tank 32
Product inlet nozzle vessel / tank 64
No. P/item
To simply this equation, let's make 1/sqrt(f) = A. Therefore, the above equation Reynolds's number is represented by the equation presented below.
shall look like:
TOTAL PRESSURE DROP OF EQUIPMENTS (Ps/d,e)
TOTAL PRESSURE DROP OF ITEMS (Ps/d,i)
SUCTION SIDE
TYPE OF ITEMS DESCRIPTION
BALL VALVE
GATE VALVE
GLOBE VALVE
CHECK VALVE
TEE-EQUAL
ELBOW
BEND
NOZZLE
DESCRIPTION
SUCTION SIDE
EQUATION SOLVER FOR LAMINAR FLOW COLEBROOK EQUATION SOLVER FOR TURBULENT FLOW
TYPE OF ITEMS
|
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
D
e A
A
A
D
e
A
A
D
e
A
7 . 3
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
10 log 2
7 . 3
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
7 . 3
10 log 2
Abs. roughness ():
ID: m
RHS:
A:
Reynold's no. (Re): Moody's Fric. Fac. (Fm):
LHS:
Is LHS = RHS?:
Error % (LHS and RHS):
Moody's Fric. Fac (Fm):
SUCTION DISCHARGE
|
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
D
e A
A
A
D
e
A
A
D
e
A
7 . 3
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
10 log 2
7 . 3
10 log 2
Re
51 . 2
7 . 3
10 log 2
Specific Gravity (SG):
DN: m
Le (m) P (bar) No. C Le (m) P (bar)
65
45
13
65
340
160
145
135
340
45
20
20
65
20
16
14
16
25
28
250
32
64
P (bar) No. P/item P (bar)
PIPE DN
15
20
25
40
50
80
Reynolds's number is represented by the equation presented below. 100
150
SUCTION SIDE DISCHARGE SIDE
SUCTION SIDE DISCHARGE SIDE
EQUATION SOLVER FOR LAMINAR FLOW
Re
64
= fm

ID v
l

= Re
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
750
900
1050
1200
Density (): kg/m3 1400
Liq. vel. (VL): m/s 1600
ID: m 1800
Visc. (): Pa.s 2000
Reynold's no. (Re):
Moody's Fric. Fac. (Fm):
SUCTION DISCHARGE SIDE

ID v
l

= Re
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP
ISSUES DESCRIPTION(S)
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP
DESCRIPTION(S)
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP
DESCRIPTION(S)