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Evaluation Sheet for Garment Defects

SUPRIYA NANDA
25 B. F. Tech(AP)-4

GARMENT QUALITY CONTROL


Garment quality control covers all the processes within a factory that contributes to the production of quality garment products and is conducted right from where housing, manufacturing, finishing and packing process until shipment is released. The final inspection is carved out by buyer representative or independent auditors free from any pressure from vendor or factory representative. All of final inspection is to visually inspect articles at random fully or 80-90% packed purchase order to verify their general conformity and appearance with instruction tagged sample received from buyer. Result is documented and recorded as reference but still vendor is always responsible for claims if any arising due to any defective goods found packed and inspected at buyers warehouse All garment retailers expect to sell high quality products from manufactures. The quality of the garments any vary depends on the price market they are being made for so therefore buyers expect manufacturers expect manufacturers to follow various methods of inspection techniques all through the production and prior to shipment release from factory. Following correct inspection procedures, inspection systems and eventually shipment release gives the clear judgment of the quality of the garment. Under quality assurance process, the bulk production is inspected before delivery to the customer to examine if it meets the specifications. The consumers want to get quality products and the products should reach the consumers with right quality. Quality assurance covers all the processes within a factory that contributes to the production of quality garment products and is conducted right from where housing, manufacturing, finishing and packing process until shipment is released. The final inspection is carved out by buyer representative or independent auditors free from any pressure from vendor or factory representative. Air of final inspection is to visually inspect articles at random from fully or 8090% packed purchase order to verify their general conformity and appearance with instruction/description and/or reference tagged sample received from buyer. Result is documented and recorded as reference but still vendor/manufacturer is always responsible for claims if any arising due to any defective goods found packed and inspected at buyers warehouse.
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GARMENT DEFECTS CLASSIFICATION


Once the samples are selected, each article is to be individually inspected. Defects detected during an inspection are buyer specific so therefore vary from one buyer to another. Defects are classified within the following categories: Critical Defect: A serious defect that can cause harm or injury to the user and/or result in a hazardous condition Major defects: A defect that falls to meet the mandatory regulations directly affecting the usability, salability, safety and value of the merchandise or as specified by customer buyer are considered as major defects and are generally non repairable for example fabric hole, shading among panel, wrong measurement, foreign yarn, dye patches etc. The measurement tolerate level may vary from customer to customer. Minor Defects: A defect that does not adversely affect the usability of the product but does consists of a deviation from the original sample, and may affect the sale of the product. Some of these defects are due to workmanship and some can be repairable but still can deteriorate the serviceability of the merchandise for example stain, skip stitch etc.

EVALUATION OF GARMENT DEFECTS-BLAZER

ZONES: ZONE A ZONE B

EVALUATION SHEET
BASED ON VISUAL APPEARANCE AND MANUFACTURING
A. Appearance and color DEFECT
Uneven dye, dirt spot, streak Dye misprints, dye smear Obvious foreign or color yarn Not obvious foreign or color yarn Poor matching of color or printing patterns Texture change Bleach spot not as specified Shading between garments Shaded parts Stain Shading among panels

ZONE A
Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

ZONE B
Major Major Major Minor Major Major Major Minor Major Major Minor

B. Fabric Defects DEFECT


Slubs and misweaves up to Clearly constrasted dye smear Slubs and misweaves over Holes of any size , Needle cut, Tear Fabric/lining not as specified Barre, bend needle slubs up to size of loop Improper repair Any pattern errors Pieces not symmetrical

ZONE A
Major

ZONE B
Major

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

C. Sewing (seams and stitches) DEFECT


Sharp points/ edges on hardware or broken needles Run off stitches on inside up to 1/8 Run off stitches on inside over 1/8 One or more skip stitch on any

ZONE A
Critical Major Major Major

ZONE B
Critical Minor Major Major
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stitch type Incorrect stitch type Stitching margin variation needle edge over 1/8 Stitching margin variation over 1/16 Any exposed stitch, under part of lining Blind stitch bite too deep Stitch count variation over +2 or -1 per inch Tight stitch thread tension Raw edge, open seam, loose seam or fraying Misaligned front/back over 1/8 High-low pockets or pocket flap> Mismatched pockets, 4-way plaid match over 1/16 Misshaped lapel point Incorrect size buttonhole Buttonholes non-repairable, anchored threads or broken stitches Incorrect button Missing button Button, 2-eye sewn in 4-hole or upside down Sewn in pleats Uneven pleating shirring or poorly sewn pleat

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Major Minor Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Major Major Major Major Major

Major Major Major Major Major

Mismatch plaids/stripes up to 1/8 Improper interfacing/ lining, excessive fullness of parts Lining twisted or garment parts twisted Any needle chews Incorrect thread or accessories Incorrect trim, ticket or ticket placement Misshaped pocket welt Uneven yoke seam up to 1/8 Uneven yoke seam over 1/8 Uneven pleating in seam, shirring or poorly sewn Uneven or incorrectly placed darts over 1/8 Uneven hem/ bottom of blazer over 1/8 each side Severe puckering and badly roped hem Incorrect tack placement or missing bar tack Misplaced buttonhole over 1/8 Crows feet Twisted sleeve Uneven back/side vents Twisted/ misaligned lining Improperly attached buttons Resew on lapel Exposed basting stitch

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major
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Improper lapel placement Lapel width side to side variance> 1/8 Wavy bottom hem Collar not pointed Open seam Blind stitching showing on the face side Missing buttons Needle chew Puckered seams Closures omitted Dimensions out of tolerance Reversed pieces Ragged edges Needle pick

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Major Major Minor Minor Major Major Major Major Major Minor

D. Pressing
DEFECTS Permanent crease not to spec Poorly pressed Burn marks, scorch marks, pressure marks Improper break of lapel Excessive wrinkle in V zone ZONE A Major Major Major Major Major ZONE B Major Minor Major -

E. Cleanliness
DEFECT Loose components Stones, needles or or machine components in garments Attached sewing threads up to Attached sewing threads over Attached threads over inside of garment Sewn-in waste or thread Stain, soil under 1/8 Stain, soil over 1/8 Ring from cleaning gun or rubbed spots Drill hole or pencil mark Component mark not securely tacked Mildew or heavily odored garments Pile direction not as specified Incorrect trim, ticket or ticket placement Attached sewing threads at collar area over 1/8 Incorrect folding ZONE A Critical Critical ZONE B Critical Critical

Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major

Minor Major Major Major Minor Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major Major