Teaching Philosophy

By: Sarah McMahon 4/30/13 Critical Pedagogy II Professor Nick McBride

a non-discriminatory environment to their students. The teacher should not only know each learning type and each disorder.The classroom has always been a highly complex organism within the school. and manipulating their teaching to each specific classroom. This type of learner enjoys the traditional lecture based classroom most. Type two learners participate in the classroom by listening. The first thing teachers should be aware of is learning styles. Teachers may not have an issue adapting to the traditional classroom learners. They learn by thinking through ideas alone. Type three . This environment will help all students succeed in the classroom. Teachers should do this to provide a loving. Type two learners are considered analytical learners. While it does not seem complex from the surface. McCarthy talks about the 4MAT system and how to implement it in the classroom. Teachers must be up for the task of learning how each classroom works. Style one learners tend to learn by sharing ideas and relying on their own feelings. it is easy to see the intricacies. intellectual. In this system he talks about four different learning styles and how they work in the classroom. but also be able to make a classroom that aids every student in the education process instead of only helping the most traditional learning type within the class. and most importantly. when the classroom is “put under the microscope”. but what does this mean for students who may not be a “traditional learner” and for students with learning disabilities? Teachers should be able to reach each student in the classroom and help every learning type understand the information by incorporating information for all learning types. They tend to gravitate to group discussion and like to rely on their personal experience.

These learning types enjoy problem solving and only want to know things that will be useful to them in life. probably more type one students. but there are other types of learning that have been defined. When this type of activity is given. and students get into groups.students learn by testing their own theories. you will start to see an interesting dynamic. some students. This provides opportunity for each type of learner to understand the lesson in the way that they choose to. There will be leaders and listeners in each group. Howard Gardner has nine different . will have a sort of group discussion while other students will listen to the discussion rather than participate in the discussion itself. Whether it is by talking in a group discussion. The 4MAT system is a great way to understand how your students learn. they will see the primarily type one students’ faces light up and the primarily type two students’ faces become ghostly pale. These learners reach correct conclusion without logic. Teachers should learn to incorporate all of these learning styles because not only do they help the teacher reach each student. Type four learners tend to learn by trial and error and tend to take risks. If a teacher asks students to work in groups. Like miniature classrooms. These four styles of learning complement each other in surprising ways. In a classroom it will be obvious for a teacher to determine who is what learning style. It will also be surprising for teachers to see what happens when certain learning styles are boosted in the classroom with “teacher given” activities. or drawing a concept to explain it in their own way. they also help students interact in a “learning friendly” way. Howard Gardner talks about his “multiple intelligence theory” and how each person has strengths in certain knowledge and weaknesses in others.

Musical that has to do with sounds. and autistic students. Naturalistic has to deal with the ability to relate information to ones own natural surroundings. Visual learners learn by looking at charts and graphs. These learning types are not the only thing that a teacher should be aware of while in front of a classroom. Another learning classification goes hand and hand with the 4MAT leaning system. and kinesthetic. At this point it is the job of the teacher to provide students with opportunity to learn within their learning zone of comfort. physically disabled students. and music in general. while challenging them to “step outside the box” and learn in another learning style. These learning styles are referred to as VAK. rhythms. Knowledge of learning styles and intelligences provides teachers with the tools to create a cohesive classroom where each student can learn and understand the information given to them on their own terms. Kinesthetic learners learn by getting physically involved in activities. This means that you could have four type one learners who all learn completely differently. Auditory learners tend to learn by listening and talking. Teachers should also understand the basics of common disabilities and learn how to teach these students without limiting information given to them. These types of intelligences are within every person both inside and outside the classroom. The highly seen limitations to students are ADD/ADHD. Students with ADD .intelligences: Spatial. is the ability to deal with spatial relationships or see objects in the minds eye. visual. These are auditory. Students with ADD and ADHD tend to have a very hard time paying attention in classrooms. Both the VAK and the multiple intelligence theory fit within the 4MAT.

This will provide them with a safe. While teachers normally teach students with Asperger’s syndrome and not students who are on the autism spectrum within the classroom they are still faced with the challenge of understanding and teaching a disability that is not overly well known to them as educators. The new idea of disabilities states that we should look at disabilities in a social way by thinking that a disability is a body difference rather than a flaw. and comfortable learning environment. Straus says that teachers need to break away from the traditional model of disabilities and start to view them in a new way. This new model of disabilities will help teaches understand how to treat each student. The traditional model is the idea that a disability is a flaw or defect of the body and a “tragedy”. because they learn differently. This idea also co-ordinates with mental disabilities like autism. without the stereotypical environment of roles within the classroom. teachers cannot treat them like any other student. Teachers must treat them differently. Teachers should also reward students with ADD and ADHD for acting appropriately within the classroom. Teachers should be able to provide these students with opportunities to stretch and move so that they can focus more on the learning during class. Joseph N. This will help each student grow as an individual and as a member of society in the classroom. Teachers should understand these disabilities to provide opportunities for learning and social experience within the classroom without alienating these students and treating them like they are “flawed”.and ADHD also may do various things on impulse without thinking about the consequences of their actions. . Teachers must also be able to work with students who are physically disabled. When a student is physically disabled.

and how they learn best. how do I bring all of these learning styles together while being able to teach students with disabilities and teaching the course content to each student so that they can understand it in their own way? One of the best ways that teachers can incorporate all of the different learning styles. as well as helping the teacher understand what the students are comfortable with. Differentiated learning also has the teacher create multiple assignments and multiple options for large projects to help students choose what they are most comfortable being graded on.The main question for an educator to ask themselves is. A teacher could give options for a final project instead of making each student present a speech in front of the class. and why certain learning style oriented projects are not as comfortable for certain students as other projects that focus on other learning styles. The idea of differentiated instruction is to have multiple ways of assessing and teaching your students. Differentiated instruction incorporates group decisions. Differentiated instruction also provides opportunities for critical thinking and reflection on projects teachers can reflect on what could go better. This means that teachers must be able to give options that co-ordinate with different learning types and styles. where a teacher will ask their students how they would like to learn. This is because if students get an option to always work in their strong area they will never learn how to expand their own horizons and become a . and what will challenge them. Differentiated instruction is not the only practice teachers should apply in the classroom. and provide attention to students with disabilities is through the use of differentiated instruction. This provides students with opportunity to have input in the class.

To be a successful teacher. Teachers should not only teach the students for the tests within their own class but they should also teach student to prepare for tests after they have completed their current classes. . and understand how they learn best. Students will learn more about themselves as people and they will be able to grow in classes farther ahead of the classroom if they push their boundaries. If a teacher sticks to the traditional. Teaching to each learning style will show students how to teach themselves. These teaching ideas are good for a teacher to know and understand because they will need to implement them to become a better. and how to communicate to the teacher what teaching style will help them flourish within the classroom.well rounded student. This means that forcing your students to conform to a learning style is not all right to do as a teacher. type two learning style they will never be able to challenge their students and expand their learning farther. Knowing these learning styles will provide an opportunity for students to become comfortable with their own learning style within. Changing your teaching process from traditional teaching to differentiated instruction with some classes focusing on one learning style like McCarthy will help students even if it is difficult for them to understand the lesson. Teachers should also rotate through what learning style they teach so students can go outside their comfort zone and learn what teaching practices will help them. one must provide students life experience and understanding of themselves so that they can excel in classes beyond the ones they are currently enrolled in. more well rounded educator.

When teaching students with disabilities. Teachers should always try to teach each student individually. teachers should understand each disability and learn to teach the students in a unique way while continuing to challenge students who do not have disabilities. notes from the real world” we need be able to better our students by teaching them the content of the class as well as go beyond the classroom and better them for the future. As Wink talks about in her book “Critical Pedagogy. and challenge the students in the classroom to better themselves as students. Doing this will help teachers create a classroom where each student understands more about themselves as well as understanding the information given to them within the class. .

30 Apr.com: Books. Web.p. 2013. Michelle A. and Kinesthetic Learning Styles (VAK).. n. 2013. Auditory. Web.p. 30 Apr.p. 2013.d. "Differentiated Instruction with UDL | National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials. n." Gardner's Multiple Intelligences. n. 30 Apr. Dunn (Ph. Joan. 2013. N. 2013. Assessment.. "Differentiated Instruction. Auditory. Teaching Today. 2013. N.d. Web. New York: Longman. "Visual.d. Straus. "Gardner's Multiple Intelligences. 30 Apr.. N. Glencoe Online..p. n. Teaching Today. Curriculum." Autism in Your Classroom: A General Educator's Guide to Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (Topics in Autism): Deborah Fein (Ph. Joseph N.D." Differentiating Instruction: Meeting Students Where They Are." 101 Walnut Lane..D. Print..p.com: Books. 2000.p. Curriculum. Glencoe Online. "Performing Music. 30 Apr. . Performing Disability.): 9781890627614: Amazon.d." Visual. Assessment. N. Web. N. Web." Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World: Joan Wink: 9780801316692: Amazon.. Web. N. 2013. 2013. "Differentiating Instruction: Meeting Students Where They Are. 23 Apr.d. n.). "Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World [Paperback].d. Wink. Lecture. Web. 30 Apr. N. 30 Apr. Princeton.d. n." Differentiated Instruction with UDL | National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials.p. Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World.Works Cited "Autism in Your Classroom: A General Educator's Guide to Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (Topics in Autism) [Paperback]. n. and Kinesthetic Learning Styles (VAK)." Differentiated Instruction.

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