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# MODULE 2 MCQs GRAVITATION(Answers in bold) 1. The acceleration due to gravity __________.

. i) Has the same value everywhere in space ii) has the same value everywhere on the earth iii) Varies with latitude on the earth iv) Changes with time on the earth If a planet existed whose mass and radius were both twice that of the earth, then acceleration due to gravity at its surface would be __________. a. 4.9 m/s2 b. 19.6 m/s2 c. 2.45 m/s2 d. 9.8 m/s2 When the space ship is at a distance equal to twice of the earths radius from its centre then the gravitational acceleration is __________. a. 4.9 m/s2 b. 19.6 m/s2 c. 2.45 m/s2 d. 1.34 m/s2 A hole is drilled through the earth along the diameter and a stone is dropped into it. When the stone is at the centre of the earth it has __________. a. Nonzero weight b. Nonzero acceleration c. Nonzero deceleration d. Non zero mass Newtons law of universal gravitation __________. a. Can only be indirectly inferred from the behaviour of the planet b. Can be directly verified in the laboratory c. Is valid only with in the solar system d. None of these The gravitational force between two bodies does not depend upon: a. Their separation b. Product of their masses c. The sum of their masses d. It depends on all of these If the radius of the earth were to shrink by 1% while its mass remaining same, the acceleration due to gravity on the earth surface would : a. Decrease b. Remain the same c. Double d. Increase Planets revolve round the sun due to: a. Mutual attraction and repulsion between the sun and the planets b. Gravitational attraction between the sun and the planets c. The Net force on them d. All of these Force of mutual attraction of earth on the objects is called : a. Weight

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b. Mass c. Gravitation d. Gravity When a person goes down to the bottom of deep mine, his current weight compared to his weight on the surface will: a. Remain same b. Increase c. Decrease d. Become zero The weight of an object at the pole is greater than at equator. This is because: a. Gravitational pull is more at the poles b. The shape of the earth c. The attraction of the moon is maximum at the poles d. None of these A spring balance is being used to weigh mass of 1kg in a lift. If the spring balance reads 9N and the acceleration of free fall (g) = 10m/s2. The lift is: a. Ascending at 1m/s2 b. At rest c. Descending at 1m/s2 d. None of these The acceleration of free fall on moon is about one sixth of its value on earth. If on the earth a body has mass m and weight w, then on the moon, mass and weight will be respectively about: a. m/6 and w/6 b. m/6 and w c. m and w/6 d. m and w Spring balance is used to measure: a. Gravitational Mass of the object b. Apparent weight of the object c. Inertial mass of the object d. None of the above If the distance between two masses is doubled, the gravitational force between them becomes: a. Half of its original value b. Four times of its original value c. One fourth of its original value d. Four times of its original value If The dimensions of gravitational constant are Lx My Tz, the values of x,y and z are: a. 3,-1,-2 b. 2,2,-1 c. 2,-1,-2 d. 3,1,-2 The time taken by the moon to complete one revolution around the earth is __________. a. 2.36 x 10^6 seconds b. 2.36 x 10^4 seconds c. 2.36 x 10^8 seconds d. None of these The gravitational force of attraction between two balls each of mass 100kg when they are placed at a distance of 1m apart is : a. 6.673 x 10^-8 N

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b. 6.673 x 10^-11 N c. 6.673 x 10^-7 N d. 6.673 x 10^-4 N The acceleration due to gravity decreases for a point above the surface of the earth and for the same point below the surface of the earth at a: a. Faster rate b. Slow rate c. Same rate d. Doesnt change The value of the gravitational acceleration at a distance equal to the earths radius above the earths surface is __________. a. 4.9 m/s2 b. 19.6 m/s2 c. 2.45 m/s2 d. 1.34 m/s2 The value of the distance from the centre of the earth when the gravitational acceleration has one half the value it has on the earths surface is: a. Square root of Re b. Re c. 2Re d. 0.5Re A person with a mass of 40kg is standing on a scale in an elevator. The elevator moves upwards with a constant acceleration of 1 m/s2, then the weight of the personas measured by him in the elevator is __________. a. 340 N b. 440 N c. 540 N d. 400 N The sun exerts a force of attraction on the planets thus maintaining their: a. Radii b. Position c. Orbits d. State of motion Numerical value of the gravitational acceleration can also be estimated by knowing: a. Average Density of the Earth b. Circular Motion c. Mass of the earth d. None of the above A spring balance suspended from the ceiling of an elevator supports an object. The magnitude and direction of acceleration, which would make the balance reading zero, is __________. a. 9.8 m/s2 downward b. 9.8 m/s2 upward c. 19.6 m/s2 downward d. None of these The earth traverses its circular orbit in 3.15 x 10^7 seconds, orbiting at an orbital velocity of 2.9 x 10^4 m/s, then its orbit radius is: a. 1.45 x 10^6 m b. 1.45 x 10^8 m c. 1.45 x 10^11 m

d. 1.45 x 10^4 m 27. The artificial gravity is produced in a satellite to overcome the state of weightlessness experienced by the astronaut by: a. Spinning it around its own axis b. Increasing the orbital speed of it c. Decreasing its orbital speed d. None of these 28. If the mass of the earth becomes four times to its initial value then the value of g will be __________. a. Equal to its initial value b. Four times to its initial value c. One fourth of its initial value d. Half of its initial value 29. The value of gravitation acceleration (g) on the surface of the planet of radius 10 m and mass 10 kg is: a. 0.2G b. 0.1G c. G d. 0.01G 30. The mass of a planet and its diameter are three times those of Earths. Then the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the planet will be _________. a. One third on the Earths b. half on the Earths c. Same as on the earth d. None of the above EXTRA MCQs FOR EXERCISE SETS 31. Acceleration due to gravity at the centre of the earth is: a. Zero b. Maximum c. 0.5g d. None of these 32. Which of these is satisfied during a rocket launch: a. Escape velocity b. Gravitation c. Conservation of energy d. None of these 33. At what depth below the earths surface does the weight of a body becomes 1% of its value at the surface of the earth? a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. 32Km 64 Km 128 Km 164 Km Is opposite to the direction of motion Is in the same direction as the direction of motion Becomes zero at the highest point Increases as it rises up

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## N per m2 Kg per N N per kg None of these

36. A lift is moving up with acceleration equal to 1/3 of that due to gravity. The apparent weight of a 90 kg man standing in life is: a. b. c. d. 40kg 70kg 100kg 120kg