Coursera Calculus I Fake and Real Finals (April 2013

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Jabari Zakiya

Fake Question 1
Evaluate the limit Because use L' Hopital's Rule: a) 1 b) 17 c) 0 d) 10

= 3(3)2 – 12(3) + 10 = 27 – 36 + 10 = 1

Real Question 1
Evaluate the limit Because use L' Hopital's Rule: a) 8 b) 0 c) 128 d) 17

= 8(4) – 15 = 32 – 15 = 17

Fake Question 2
Evaluate the limit a) b) c) d)

=

=

=

=

Real Question 2
Evaluate the limit a) 1 b) 0 c) d) –1 e)

=

=

=

=

= –1

Fake Question 3
Let f(x) = –x4 + x3 – 3x2 – 2x + 4. What is a) 16x3 – 15x2 – 4x – 2 b) 20x3 + 9x2 + 4x – 2 ? c) –4 x3 – 6x2 – 8x – 2 d) –4x3 + 3x2 – 6x – 2

Real Question 3
Let f(x) = 2x5 + 3x3 + 4x2 + 2x + 1. What is a) 10x4 + 3x2 + 4x + 2 b) 10x4 + 9x2 + 8x + 2 ? c) 10x4 + 9x2 + 4x + 2 d) 10x4 + 3x2 + 8x + 2

Fake Question 4 To the right is the graph of y = f(x). Which graph below is most likely the graph of y = f '(x)? a) b) c) d) The answer is a) because the graph of f(x) shows it has 7 local minima/maxima. which means f '(x) must have 7 places where its graph crosses the x-axis (where f '(x) = 0) .

Real Question 4 To the right is the graph of y = f(x). . which means f '(x) must have 3 places where its graph crosses the x-axis (where f '(x) = 0). Which graph below is most likely the graph of y = f '(x)? a) b) c) d) The answer is d) because the graph of f(x) shows it has 3 local minima/maxima.

Here. Use the chain rule to compute f '(x). What is the derivative of f with respect to x? b) d) Real Question 5 Let f(x) = a) f '(x) = . a) f '(x) = b) = c) = d) also f(x) = log(2log(x)) and then f '(x) = . log refers to the natural logarithm. a) b) c) d) f '(x) = cos(cos(log(x))) (–sin(log(x))) (1/x) Real Question 6 Consider the function f(x) = log(log(x2). Use the chain rule to compute f '(x). What is the derivative of f with respect to x? b) c) d) Fake Question 6 Consider the function f(x) = sin(cos(log x)). Here.Fake Question 5 Let f(x) = a) c) f '(x) = . log refers to the natural logarithm.

Fake Question 7 Let f(x) = arctan(esin(x)). What is f '(x)? a) f '(x) = b) c) d) Real Question 7 Let f(x) = arctan(x2 + 1). What is f '(x)? a) f '(x) = b) c) d) Fake Question 8 Compute a) -cos(cos(x)) sin(x) b) cos(cos(x)) sin(x) c) -cos(cos(x)) cos(x) d) cos(cos(x)) cos(x) f '(x) = cos(cos(x)) (–sin(x)) Real Question 8 Compute a) sin(x) cos(cos(x)) b) sin(x) sin(cos(x)) c) –sin(x) sin(cos(x)) d) –sin(x)cos(cos(x)) f '(x) = cos(cos(x)) (–sin(x)) .

x = 4. y = Fake Question 10 The function y = x3 – 9x2 + 24x + 2 has a single local maximum. and = .Fake Question 9 A ladder is 5 m long. y = For Real Question 9: L = 4. what is dy/dt ? a) m/s b) m/s c) m/s d) m/s Real Question 9 A certain ladder is 4 m long. y'' = 12x + 6 and y''(-3) = 12(-3)+6= -30 and y''(2) = 12(2)+6= 30 is positive so local minimum at x=2. How quickly is the top of the ladder moving down the wall? a) m/s b) m/s c) m/s d) m/s For both problems. Let y be the distance between the top of the ladder and the ground. The bottom of the ladder is presently 4 m from the bottom of the wall. At what point does that local maximum occur? a) –4 b) 2 c) 4 d) –2 y' = 3x2 – 18x + 24 = 0 => x2 – 6x + 8 = 0 gives (x – 4)(x – 2) = 0 so x = 2 or 4 for local min/max. and rests against the side of a building. x = 3. the ladder length L2 = x2 + y2 implicit differentiation gives: =0= so = 3. . The bottom of the ladder is presently 3 m from the bottom of the wall. how quickly is y changing? That is. and is being pulled away from the wall at a rate of 1m/s. and = = -2 gives = 1 gives = =– = = m/sec m/sec For Fake Question 9: L = 5. Real Question 10 The function y = 2x3 + 3x2 – 36x – 14 has a single local minimum. y'' = 6x – 18 and y''(4) = 6(4) – 18= 6 and y''(2) = 6(2) – 18= -6 is negative so local maximum at x=2. At what point does that local minimum occur? a) -2 b) 3 c) –3 d) 2 y' = 6x2 + 6x – 36 = 0 => x2 + x – 6 = 0 gives (x + 3)(x – 2) = 0 so x = 2 or -3 for local min/max. and is being pushed toward the wall at a rate of 2 m/s. and rests against the side of a building.

with just different can volumes.Fake Question 11 A soup can is to be produced to hold exactly 162п cubic centimeters of soup. set to 0. and solve for h. = + =0 = = h= h= h= For Fake Problem 11: V = 162п cm so h = = = = cm For Real Problem 11: V = 128п cm so h = = = = = 8 cm [You can check this is a minima (not maxima) problem be plotting SA (set V = 1 for easier math) against h to see the curve has just one local minimum. How tall should the can be to minimize the surface area of the can? a) 10 cm b) 4 cm c) 8 cm d) 6 cm The geometry and process to solve both problems are the same. How tall should the can be to minimize the surface area of the can? a) cm b) cm c) cm d) cm Real Question 11 A soup can is to be produced to hold exactly 128п cubic centimeters of soup. then differentiate. write the can's surface area in terms of h.] . Volume of cylinder: V = and thus Can Surface Area (SA) = Area of top + Area of bottom + Area of side SA = + SA = SA = + + Now that we have SA in term of just h we can differentiate it with respect to h and set it to zero. To solve.

Fake Question 12 It is perhaps a bit funny to observe that sin 29634 ≈ 0.799999877764182979445839271152 In light of this. the tenth root function.599920162993278355424954856486 d) 0.001? Warning: The approximation below is better than what Calculus One might give you. so choose the value closest to your best guess. Note that since f(1024) = 2. b) 4x4 + 3x3 + 3x2 + 3x + C d) 48x2 + 18x + 6 + C Real Question 13 Find a) -3x3 + 4x2 – x + C e) -3x3 + 4x2 + x + C .6000001629810547737228990440413 – 0.5992001631032906 Real Question 12 Let f(x) = .001)(0. a significant number in the United States on April 15.6000001629810547737228990440413 cos 29634 ≈ -0. a) 2 + 1/322 b) 2 + 1/5120 c) 2 + 1/320 d) 2 + 4/1289 e) 2 + 821/264562 f '(x) = x-9/10/10 and h = 1040 – 1024 = 16 so Euler's Method gives: f(1040) = f(1024) + h*f '(1024) = 2 + 16(1/10*10249/10)= 2 + 24/10*29 = 2 + 1/10*25 = 2 + 1/320 Fake Question 13 Find a) -4x4 – 3x3 – 3x2 – 3x + C c) -48x4 – 18x – 6 + C .600080162968831192024677762636 Euler's Method from problem gives. which value listed below do you believe to be the best approximation to sin 29634. Calculate f '(1024) and use that value to approximate the tenth root of f(1040).599199863236404284272396125743 c) 0.001 = sin 29634 + h*cos 29634 = 0. a) 0.6000001629810547737228990440413 – (0.000799999877764182979445839271152 = 0. b) -18x + 4 + C c) -3x3 + 2x2 – x + C d) -3x3 + 2x2 – x + C . with h = 0.799999877764182979445839271152) = 0.600800162858818956718998622509 b) 0.001: sin 29634.

3] is 3 – (-3) = 6 units. Left hand rule. and each subinterval length is dx = 6/100. I want to divide [-1. (-1+2/2).2] into 6 equal-sized subintervals.(-1+5/2).2] is 2 – (-1) = 3 units. and I want to use the left hand endpoint to sample the function in each subinterval. What sum should I evaluate to achieve my goals? a) b) c) d) e) The length of the interval [-3. f(x) starts at left side of rectangles.3] into 100 equal-sized subintervals. (-3+6/100).. (-3+12/100). Real Question 14 Suppose I wish to approximate using a Riemann sum.. (-3+18/100). Right hand rule.Fake Question 14 Suppose I wish to approximate using a Riemann sum.. . (-1+6/2). at x = (-1+1/2). What sum should I evaluate to achieve my goals? a) b) c) d) The length of the interval [-1. at x = -3. f(x) starts at right side of rectangles. and I want to use the right hand endpoint to sample the function in each subinterval.. I want to divide [-3.. and each subinterval length is dx = 3/6 = 1/2.

Therefore: = + =0+ = = = Real Question 15 Evaluate the definite integral a) b) = c) 4 = d) . so the original integral is just for x4. du = 2x dx = = = = . du = 4x3 dx = = = = –0= Real Question 16 Evaluate the definite integral a) b) c) .1] is zero.Fake Question 15 Evaluate the definite integral Hint: You can make this problem much easier if you think about the graph of y = x8sin x a) b) c) d) e) Since y = x8sin x is the multiplication of an even function x8 by an odd function sin x its integral over a symmetric region [-1. e) 2 = = = Fake Question 16 Evaluate the definite integral a) b) c) . d) Using substitution: u = x2. d) Using substitution: u = x4.

therefore integrate: = = = = Real Question 18 Consider the region above the graph of y = x2 and below the graph of y = x + 2.2]. and curves meet when x2 = x + 2 gives x2 – x – 2 = 0 and (x – 2)( x + 1) = 0 means x integrated from [-1. dv = sin(x) dx. therefore integrate: = = = = . = -xcos(x) + = -xcos(x) + = -cos(1) + sin(1) Fake Question 18 Consider the region above the graph of y = x4 and below the graph of y = 5x + 6. then du = dx.Fake Question 17 Evaluate the definite integral a) b) c) . c) cos(1) + sin(1) d) sin(1) – cos(1) v = -cos(x) Use integration by parts: let u = x. and curves meet when x4 = 5x + 6 gives x4 – 5x – 6 = 0 so x = -1 and x = 2 means x integrated from [-1. What is the area of this region? a) b) c) 3 d) Vertical rectangle slices have height: (x + 2) – (x2) and width dx. dv = cos(x) dx.2]. = xsin(x) – = xsin(x) + = Real Question 17 Evaluate the definite integral a) -cos(1) – sin(1) b) cos(1) – sin(1) . What is the area of this region? Vertical rectangle slices have height: (5x + 6) – (x4) and width dx. then du = dx. d) v = sin(x) = Use integration by parts: let u = x.

Rotate A around the x-axis in space. What is the volume of the resulting solid? a) b c) d) Real Question 19 Let A be the region in the plane consisting of those points (x. What is the volume of the resulting solid? a) b) c) d) For each problem. the distance from the x-axis to each curve is the radius of circular cross-sectional area with r = y which form slices of cylinders with height dx.y) such that 0 ≤ y ≤ cos x.Fake Question 19 Let A be the region in the plane consisting of those points (x. For Fake Question 19: y = cos(x) V= = = = = For Real Question 19: y = 1 – x2 V= = = = = . which span from y(-x) = 0 to y(x) =0. Rotate A around the x-axis in space. so that the solid's volume is the sum of infinitesimally thin cylinders with volume V = = .y) such that 0 ≤ y ≤ 1 – x2. -П/2 ≤ x ≤ П/2.

cutting out a circular sector. we need to know the value of θ that maximizes the cone's volume. cutting out a circular sector.94 deg deg = 293. in order to make the cone. Let the disk radius be R. and the radius of the base of the resulting cone be r. so and thus s = Rθ = θ= /R radians /R = /R = /12 = /9 = and using radians = 180 degrees deg = 293. the arc length (perimeter) of the arcsection subtended by θ is: s = Rθ When rolled into a cone the arc length s becomes the circumference of the cone's circular base. and its height h. write V in terms of just r or h and differentiate accordingly. How tall is the cone? a) cm b) cm c) cm d) cm [Circular Sector: https://en. From geometry. and gluing the new edges together.org/wiki/Circular_sector] The geometry of both problems is the same.94 deg For Fake Question 20: θ = For Real Question 20: θ = /3 radians or /3 radians or .wikipedia. and h = and r = with volume of cone V = To find the maximum cone volume.Fake Question 20 A paper cone is to be formed by starting with a disk of radius 12 cm. The size of the circular sector is chosen to maximize the volume of the resulting cone. so the process of solving both is similar. What is the maximum volume of such a cone? a) cm3 b) cm3 c) cm3 d) 6 cm3 e) cm3 Real Question 20 A paper cone is to be formed by starting with a disk of radius 9 cm. volume of cone: V = V= = and writing r in term of h gives: = =0 = 0 and so h = For Fake Question 20: h = = = cm and r2 = = cm and r2 = = = = = 96 (so r = cm3 = 54 (so r = cm3 cm) cm) so then the maximum volume is: VMax = For Real Question 20: h = = = so then the maximum volume is: VMax = However. however. the math comes out easier by replacing r in terms of h. and gluing the new edges together. Thus R2 = h2 + r2.

which match the This gives for R = 9 cm.94 deg). = 0= = = = = = Max = =0 radians radians (293. and for R = 12 cm. We worked backwards to find it.From above it seems the maximum θ for any R is /3 radians or ≈ 294 degrees. [Experiment: make cones from 3 same sized circles with 3 different θ s. the maximum cone volume becomes just: VMax = cm3. Vmax = values previously obtained.] . θ > 294 deg (say 310 deg).94 = 66. and θ < 294 deg (say 280 deg).06 (~66) degrees and use the bigger piece to form the maximum volume cone. and see which one holds the most salt. cut out an angular section of 360 – 293. Thus. θ = 294 deg. VMax = cm3. From above: and then: and so: and thus: s = Rθ = h= V= V= = gives r = Rθ/ = = Now that we have V in term of just θ we can differentiate it with respect to θ and set it to zero. How do we directly prove this is true (or false) with calculus? First. write V in terms of θ. So to make a cone of maximum volume cut from a circular sector of a disk. we proved that the circular sector θ that maximizes V for any R is Then using Max in V = .

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