Ll 395

61

3.

#wwi8nwik1 (Meaning)

62

63 .

64 LI 395 .

LI 395 65 .

66 LI 395 .

LI 395 67 .

68 LI 395 .

L1395 69 .

70 LI 395 .

vl. bh P th dh kh gh ‘t’ ig/ UnasplYLL-YL -Id LI 395 Ik I ? 71 .vd.vl. ph asp.--T-lstops asp. unasp.

. I----..dr:lnnaa4liar bilabial labiodental Interdental alveolar palatal velar glottal Affricates asp.__. 0 a -- S i! ..vl asp..I- F C Y j f V --.----!Fricatives /I VI- I j _~ .-.Yd: .-. I INasals I jiiauids I IGlIdes I .vd.. 1 -I -.. unasp.vl.- v S V z -__ h m n 1 7-i r Y -- W 72 L1395 .

LI 395 73 .

74 LI 395 .The Arlu.latory Apparatus.

Cl)(2)-- ( 1) .___--_- LI 395 75 .

LI 395 .B a phonemics b twaiutiin 4~ c Acoustic phonetics d phonetic symbols e L&l~Ldim f place of articulation g glottis h labio-dental i lateral j uvula k t&~&u&d 76.

LI 395 77 .

dog 1ham1n%4ii1 dww8qaw:aaunET L did /bl-/ /br-/ /dr-/ blank bring blood brand drive drag etc. w&@u~aaun~iti~o~i L $94 wa 1 ked baked /-kt/ /-pt/ /-ks/ wrapped stopped cakes likes etc. 78 LI 395 . pack tack car back do9 90 /-PI m a p seep /-t/ m a t /-k/ M a c /-b/ c a b /-d/ m a d cut seek rib had /-g/ dig etc.o~~u~w~qaw~&lwnl~l~~“q~~a~u~ /P/ /t/ /k/ /b/ /d/ /9/ pin &in kin bin din give pat tap cat bat day slot etc.~J.

\8 i(beat) I(bit) (boot) ( good ) (boat) (bought) (god) (mid)naw e(bait) (bet) (1ow)h-l (bat) 2) ~~~~~Wasdau _____ (allophone) LI 395 79 .Front HiPI - Central na7-a Back Ui% (high).

(t (ayql@) 80 .pet-m.

00 y o u l i k e I t ? L I 395 81 .

82 LI 395 .

LI 395 83 .

la7d76~~n~U~i?4Sm (Generative Linguists) 'lb%wm flGn?7xins?Iw7% 3 obJ(5) Ao I) ngn7-&tAwquwti?u (Segment redundancy rules) 2) ngn7#?~&~~o~b~ (Sequence redundancy rules) 3) nGutiw~!u~uosMti?uRi (Morphophonemic rules) 84 Ll 395 .2. nani4aanLfls~un=nilj7u w"nn.

Jesperson .

serenity explane .~~~u.obscenity derive .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.collision opaque .ellegation rigid .~~~~~n n7TlU~uMMuA~ua~causd~~~~~~~~~~U~~n~~~~~~~~~ 4 s-k criticism .medi_cal .gratitude meter .derivative grateful .opacity receive reception won97n~~~~n75rU~uu.metric collide .analougize 86 LI 395 .divinity line .linear ey-a profane .profanity iy-e serene .U~~~~n~~~~n.critige medicine .medicate allege .rigor regal regicide analogous .critical -.#70i7~R~~r#Su~n~was7nn~~~U~~~l~~~~~~~~u~~~~ ay-i divine ..explanatory obscene .

LI 3 9 5 87 .

2. 3. get/get/l%d/ket/ van/van/ " /wan/ think. 7./yuwn/ 1. 7./tink/ "/dis/ zip/zip/ " /sip/ hip/gip/" pleasure/ple&" June/juwn/" /chip/ /pleecha/ /cuwn/. 4. 6. 5./eink/ this/%is/ "/sink/. 9. 3. 4. a. 2. beg have with bath breeze wish rich rouge ridge /-9/ /-V/ /k/ /P/ /-8/ /-iv /-2/ b-3 A/ /-a i-j/ it/ 88 LI 395 .1. 6. a. 5.

4a7~i~ thd4”ll~“a~. rnt~i&dar~rCiua~&~4t11-1 bee q /iy/ r5M /ii/ /ey/ a914 /ee/ /biy/ a& /bii/ 11% /bee/ Lii1d /mxxn/ raw /duu/ lih /goo/ bey = /hey/ man = /mxn/ do = /duw/ 90 = /gow/ /an/ a%4 Aat/ /uw/ /ow/ /aw/ L&d /uu/ Liild /oo/ L41d /33/ law = /law/ 1%~ /lDD/ 89 .I hJ.

" I said. Blending or Linking of sounds (r&~snaun8u) We are here. (We'. n7rrGuwQn?wfl~=4us 3iaodw _ _ a pe/rfect day. desk (1) n7soonlflust&wdn n. Sustained juncture (I%J~FN%~~~) "He left. fast.‘re h. fading juncture He lift. 2.sk/ pal. n~~~ibwQn?us? (Stress) (Word stress) (Sentence stress) the idea u.-m./-l.-st. rising juncture (L%+a&) He lift ? 3. /+/ /F/ (L&JJ~WHIU)/!J/ 4. home.e) /wi:r hiar/ 90 L1395 . (2) ~%~9$~~07 to permit him to go n'ow. (Intonation) &ri I am he/re -pitch (s-#u~%a) -juncture (frx+~rn&as~~) 1. to perf&t a new pe/rmit.

LI 395 91 .

92 LI 395 .

LI 395 93 .

94 LI 395 .

LI 395 95 .

Ll 395 .

" nR?TTO uiiug1uwvf. 5 9 . 1977). (n=jQLm?: 7. Ibid. 3. 6. 97-98. LI 395 97 . Delaware: Internl. Reading ASSn. 150-152.. 45-46. Introduction to Linguistics. 58-77. Beech. 1972). op. 65. a. Fay and Cooke. @itt iiw& LIA=L~%@ um%wii%~iwi~Mwa. 1985). 4. Learning to Read: A Cognitive Approach to Reading and Poor Reading (London: Croom Helm. 2. Tlw~ssw uihtpdui. ?~FI?T'~N Ronald afiv~iwwd. Anna Fay and Vaugh Cooke... n7~7tuwrwmaw+ (t-q+ Lnwi : WI %w7#kmwd7d&. 5. 66-72. Wardhaugh. "Phonological Rules and in Linguistic Theory: What Can It Say About Reading? (Newark. cit.6 0 .cit. (New York: McGraw-Hill. %ftfmp. John R. op. 2521). 3. Reading.Endnotes 1. ~w-ini~+n&nnw~&~&d 2531).

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