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# 200 mm pavers how many close enough?

- Working with normal distributions If you have completed the activity How long is a 200 mm paver? or a similar learning process you will appreciate that the length of pavers marked as 200 mm actually varies and is often not 200 mm. You should also appreciate that these lengths can be modeled with a normal distribution. Arising naturally from this variation in length is the question of how many of these pavers are close to 200 mm? We can answer this question if we have information about a normal distribution that models their length. Activity 1 Calculating with normally distributed pavers. If the length of 200 mm pavers can be modeled by a normal distribution with a mean of

= 200

## mm and a standard deviation of

= 0.4 mm,

what proportion of these pavers (shaded left) are within 0.5 mm of their labeled length (i.e. between 199.5 mm and 200.5 mm)? A. Within I mode of a CASIO ClassPad 300 there are distribution options available by tapping Calc : Distribution. The second option on the drop down menu, Normal CD (cumulative distribution), calculates the proportion of any normally distributed variable that falls between two given boundaries. B. In the Normal Distribution window, Input the lower and upper boundaries Input the population parameters and Tap Next.

C. The output tells us P the proportion of the distribution that lies between the two boundaries. Z: Low the z-score of the lower boundary Z: Up the z-score of the upper boundary
Note: Select Help (tap the square) for further assistance.

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## 200 mm pavers how many close enough?

Tap Back to change the inputs and make further calculations.

## - Working with normal distributions -

1. Find the proportion of the 200 mm pavers described above that are greater than 201 mm in length. 2. Find the proportion of pavers that are differ from their labeled length by more than 2 mm.

Checkpoint Activity 2 Working with normally distributed examination marks. In examinations taken by large groups of students, results can (often) be modeled with a normal distribution. This distribution can be used to determine the grade boundaries, i.e. the cut off for an A, a B, a C etc, from year to year. This allows the proportion of students that receive each grade to remain relatively constant, regardless of fluctuations in the difficulty of the examination. If the marks obtained in a Biology examination can be modeled with a normal distribution with a mean of

= 68

## and a standard deviation of

= 11.3 , what

should be the cut-off for an A, if A grades are awarded to the top 15% of student performances? A. The distribution options include Inverse Normal CD that will calculate the boundaries for given areas of a normal distribution. We must input the Tail setting - whether the relevant area is the Left tail , the Right tail or is center (centred around

).

Tap Next to find that the cut-off for an A is 79.7 1. For the same Biology examination, find the cut-off for an E, if the bottom 5% of student performance receives this grade. 2. When manufactured, the width of 2.5 mm nails is normal distributed with a mean of

= 2.5

## mm and a standard deviation of

= 0.15 mm,

a. The thickest 10% of nails are rejected by quality control. After this is done, what is the thickest nail that remains? b. The 75% of nails that are closest to the labeled width are classified as 1st grade. What is the range of widths of 1st grade nails? 3. For the standard normal distribution with boundaries of the region, centred at

=0

and

= 1 , determine the