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Final Exam Closed Book

1. The complete or partial removal and replacement of more than 12 inches of a vertical weld joining shell plates is considered a : (a) minor alteration; (c) major alteration; 2. (b) minor repair; (d) major repair.

A single film technique was used to make a radiograph using a Cobalt-60 source. The minimum permitted density in the area of interest is: a. 4.0 b. 1.8 c. 2.0 d. 1.3


At what level is the atmosphere considered oxygen-deficient? a. b. c. d. Less Less Less Less than than than than 19.5% 21.9% 24.9% 16.0%


__________ is a change from previous operating conditions involving different properties of the stored product such as specific gravity or corrosivity and / or different service conditions of temperature and / or pressure: (a) Re-rating; (c) Repair; (b) Change in service; (d) Reconstruction


Describe how a liquid penetrant examination should be performed in order to detect discontinuities which are open to the surface. a. b. c. d. Clean the part, apply the developer, apply the penetrant, remove excess penetrant, inspect the part, clean the part Clean the part, apply penetrant, remove excess penetrant, apply the developer, inspect the part, clean the part Clean the part, apply the developer, apply the penetrant, inspect the part, remove excess penetrant, clean the part Clean the part, apply the developer, apply the penetrant, inspect the part, clean the part


A radiographic technique in which radiation passed through two walls and both the walls are viewed on the same radiograph (double wall, double image ellipse) the limitation for the outside diameter is: a. 3-1/2 b. 2 c. 4 d. Any diameter possible


Information needed when determining the rate of corrosion: a. b. c. d. Original thickness or last inspection thickness Current thickness Length of time in service All the above


The maximum acceptable undercutting for base metal in repaired or altered horizontal welds is :(a) 1/64"; (b) 1/32"; (c) 1/16"; (d) 1/8"


The definition of a confined space is: a. b. c. d. large enough to enter restricted means of entry not designed for continuous occupancy all of the above are required


An individual stationed outside one or more permit spaces who monitors the authorized entrants and orders the authorized entrants to evacuate the permit space under unsafe conditions. This individual is referred as: a. b. c. d. Supervisor A qualified person An attendant None of above


A corroded area of a tank bottom plate is repaired by welding overlay. There is no change in the rating and no change is made on the nameplate. Which of the following is the correct term to describe this process? a. b. c. d. Reconstruction Repair Alteration None of the above


The maximum interval between internal inspections shall not exceed ____ years: (a) 10; (b) 20; (c) 5; (d) 15.


Hot taps are not permitted under which of the following conditions? a. b. c. d. On plates requiring PWHT. On ultrasonically sound plate On tanks with dia. more than 80 feet. None of above.


For a tank of 160ft dia. Is to be checked for shell settlement. Minimum number of equally spaced settlement points to be checked will be: a. b. c. d. 16 20 24 12


For a tank made by reconstruction, under what circumstances may a new shell-to-bottom weld be exempt from hydrostatic testing? a. b. c. d. When the root pass has been visually inspected and the final weld is fully examined, visually and radiographically. Reconstructed tank is never exempted from hydrostatic testing. When the root pass has been visually inspected and the final weld is fully examined, visually and by vacuum box. When the welding method has been reviewed and approved by an engineer experienced in tank design in accordance with API Standard 650.


In atmospheric conditions, bottom coatings may be applied if the steel temperature is: a. b. c. d. 2 F above the dew point 5 F below the dew point. 10 F above the dew point. at the dew point.


Procedure qualification for welding of tanks is done in accordance with a. b. c. d. AWS D1.1 API1104 ASME Section IX All of the above


Widely scattered pits may be ignored under the following conditions a. b. c. d. Where the service fluid is corrosive or hard to hold. If sum of bit length along 8 vertical line does not exceed 2 When no pit has depth which results in the minimum thickness being less than one-half the minimum acceptable thickness of the shell plate exclusive of corrosion allowance b and c


For verification of radiographic sensitivity and image quality, which of the following are used: a. Cassettes c. Cameras b. Penetrameters d. Collimators


Internal corrosion in the vapour space above liquid level occurs due to: a. b. c. d. Hydrogen Sulphide vapour Water vapour Oxygen Any combination of the above three


API 650: Appendix M provides requirements for Tanks designed to operate at the following range of temperatures : a. b. c. d. exceeding 260 deg C above 90 deg C below 90 deg C B or C


For a reconstructed tank as per API 653 Verticality (out-of-plumbness) of top of the shell shall not exceed, a. b. c. d. 1/300 of total tank height 1/250 of total tank height 1/400 of total tank height None of the above


Tank bottom linings are called thick film lining when the lining thickness is: a. b. c. d. more than 1 mm thk equal or more than 20 mils more than 20 mils more than 2 mm thk


Hot tap can be performed on: a. a. b. c. vapour space in the shell on the roof in the shell below liquid level anywhere on the tank


A radiograph was having density near the penetrameter equal to 3.0. Hence the acceptable density range of the radiograph is: a. b. c. d. 1.7 to 4 2.55 to 3.9 2.0 to 4.0 None of the above


The examiner for conducting magnetic particle testing on the tank welds shall be: a. b. c. d. Qualified as per ASNT Level II or III Able to read Jagger-2 Qualified as per ASME Sec. V None of the above


In atmospheric conditions, bottom coatings may be applied if the steel temperature is: a. b. c. d. 2 F above the dew point. 5 F below the dew point 10 F above the dew point at the dew point


How many equally spaced measurements are required for the thickness averaging technique? (a) 2; (b) 5; (c) 4; (d) 3.


How many specimens and impact tests must be performed from a single test coupon or test location? (a) 1; (b) 2; (c) 3; (d) 4.


Hydrostatic tests shall be held for ____ hours:(a) 2; (b) 8; (c) 24; (d) 72.


In a radiographic film of a weld, how is back scatter checked? (a) by use of a penetrameter; (b) by film density; (c) using lead letter B; (d) all of the above.


In general, if shell thickness does not exceed ____ inch, it does not require further assessment for brittle fracture:(a) 0.25; (b) 0.75; (c) 1.00; (d) 0.50 Potential for brittle fracture exists for tanks constructed according to: (a) (b) (c) (d) API 650 7th edition API 650 latest edition API 650 4th edition none of the above



Three types of external inspections are :(a) (b) (c) (d) scheduled, routine and liquid penetrant; scheduled, routine and UT thickness; scheduled out of service, routine and UT thickness; unscheduled, routine and liquid penetrant.


Welders qualifications shall expire as they do not weld :(a) (b) (c) (d) within a given process for a 6 month period; using a given procedure for a 6 month period; on a tank for 6 months; for a 3 month period.


What are penetrameters used for :(a) (b) (c) (d) A penetrameter is used for radiographic technique in that it serves as an image quality indicator It indicates the magnetic properties of the materials To check penetrant quality in PT inspection To check weld penetration during welding


Unless otherwise agreed to by the purchaser, what is the minimum nominal width of a shell plate? (a) 36 inches; (c) 72 inches; (b) 48 inches; (d) 96 inches.


Vertical welds must be fully radiographed if the shell thickness exceeds inches :(a) 3/4; (b) 1; (c) 1 1/4; (d) 1 1/2.


Welding filler metals are grouped into groupings based on their AWS classification:(a) P-numbers; (c) Z-numbers; (b) F-numbers; (d) ASTM spec.


When reviewing a radiograph, a light image of the letter B can be seen on the film with dark background. (a) (b) (c) (d) This is cause for rejection; This is not cause for rejection; This is the same as a light letter B; An unusual safety hazard existed during the exposure.


Which of the following penetrant system is generally considered least sensitive? a. b. c. d. Water-washable visible dye. Solvent removable visible dye. Water-washable fluorescent dye. Post-emulsification visible dye.


The nondestructive examination method to be used for a particular inspection should be determined by the: a. b. c. d. Availability of certified NDE examiners. Length of time since the last inspection. Age of the component to be inspected. Type, location, and orientation of the expected flaws.


Most suitable UT equipment for use on rough surface is: a. b. c. d. CRT type Direct readout type Either a or b, anything is okay a and b, both are not suitable

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