Agriculture and Natural Resources


Livestock Health Series

Beef Cattle Herd Health
Vaccination Schedule

Jeremy Powell
Associate Professor Veterinarian

A herd health management plan is vital to profitable beef production. Some producers, however, do not vaccinate until they experience a loss. The investment in disease prevention is less than the cost of disease treat­ ment. Don’t wait until a disease out­ break occurs before implementing a sound herd health program. For cattle to reach their performance potential, they must be healthy. Many animal health problems can be controlled with good management, proper nutrition and vaccination against infectious diseases. Beef cattle vaccination programs vary, depending upon the type of operation and area of Arkansas. The purpose of this fact

Steven Jones
Associate Professor ­ Livestock

sheet is to provide the cattle producer with a basic herd health vaccination program. It is important to contact your veterinarian to determine if additional vaccinations are required for your area.

Table 1. Cattle Vital Statistics
Rectal Temperature Heart Rate Beats/Minute Respiratory Rate Estrous Cycle Estrus Gestation Length 101.5 degrees F (38.5 degrees C) 60 to 70 30 breaths/minute 18 to 23 days 12 to 18 hours 285 days

Shane Gadberry
Assistant Professor ­ Nutrition

Tom Troxel
Professor - Beef Cattle

Table 2. Vaccination Schedule: Cows and Bulls

Vaccine IBR BVD PI3 BRSV Leptospirosis (5-Way) Vibriosis Trichomoniasis Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Optional Optional Optional Optional Annual (killed or intranasal) Annual Annual Annual Annual (every 3 to 6 months in some areas) Annual (30 to 60 days before breeding) Annual (30 to 60 days before breeding) As needed Annual As directed

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Pinkeye Blackleg 7-Way Anthrax

University of Arkansas, United States Department of Agriculture and County Governments Cooperating

Director. work with a veterinarian who is familiar with your beef cattle operation. Experiencing a health disaster certainly drives home the point that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. DR. type of cattle operation. color. are located in Little Rock. Justifying the cost of preventive management is sometimes difficult. The Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race. always follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage. TOM TROXEL.livestock. gender. method of administration. number of times given and proper storage. is located in Fayetteville. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. associate professor . professor . religion. Preventing diseases through the use of a herd health management plan saves time and money.S. Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work. They are employees of the Department of Animal Science. The annual cost of a vaccine health program ranges from $3 to $10 per cow-calf unit. Items to consider while establishing a vaccination program include geographic region. and DR. Department of Agriculture. post-vaccination problems and export or interstate shipping requirements. Vaccination Schedule: Calves* Vaccine Blackleg 7-Way IBR-BVD-PI3 Leptospirosis Brucellosis BRSV Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Preweaning Preweaning Preweaning Heifers (4 to12 months) As needed Preweaning Preweaning As needed Vaccinate cows (twice 30 days before calving) As directed As directed Pasteurella Haemophilus somnus Pinkeye E. JEREMY POWELL. University of Arkansas.Table 3. Cooperative Extension Service.” Printed by University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service Printing Services. Acts of May 8 and June 30. disability. 1914. age.nutrition. frequency of introducing new stock. STEVEN JONES. For best results. SHANE GADBERRY. Vaccination Schedule: Heifers Vaccine Brucellosis IBR BVD-PI3 BRSV Vibriosis Leptospirosis Blackleg 7-Way Anthrax Anaplasmosis Calfhood (4 to 12 months) Before breeding Before breeding Before breeding Before breeding Before breeding Before breeding Optional as directed Optional as directed Conclusion Vaccination programs should always be customized for your operation. marital or veteran status. in cooperation with the U.beef cattle.veterinarian. assistant professor . associate professor . national origin. or any other legally protected status and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. DVM. coli Anthrax Anaplasmosis *Do not use modified-live products on calves that are still nursing cows. Table 4. For best results. FSA3009-PD-1-10RV .

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