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Name: ______________________ Date: ________________ Homeroom Teacher: _______________________

SOIL EXAM
1. Which of the following organisms can be found living in soil? A. Earthworms B. Mites C. Fungi D. All of the above 5. Vegetation prevents erosion mainly by A. slowing down winds B. creating cross winds C. anchoring topsoil D. adding moisture to topsoil

2. Dust and sand works like ________ against other rocks. A. a protector B. sandpaper C. a covering D. rain

6. Which layer of soil is most affected by weathering? A. Topsoil B. Subsoil C. Bedrock D. None of the above

3. The ________ of trees SLOW down erosion. A. leaves B. bark C. roots D. shade

7. Which layer of soil contains the most humus? A. Topsoil B. Subsoil C. Bedrock D. None of the above

4. The development of soils in a particular place is determined by A. the type of bedrock. B. climate C. presence of plant and animal life D. all of the above.

8. How is sediment carried along the oceans coast? A. Wave movement B. Animals C. Drifting plants D. All the above

Name: ______________________ Date: ________________ Homeroom Teacher: _______________________

9. What processes are involved in the formation of soil? A. Humus and fertile B. Weathering and Erosion C. Properties and weathering D. Erosion and Humus

11. Label the layers of soil in the box below.

10. Which soil retains the most water? A. Potting Soil B. Sand C. Gravel D. None of the above

12. Which soil retains the least amount of water? A. Potting Soil B. Sand C. Gravel D. None of the above

Name: ______________________ Date: ________________ Homeroom Teacher: _______________________ Directions: Circle your answer, TRUE or FALSE. 13. TRUE or FALSE 14. TRUE or FALSE Soil is composed of two layers. When plant-life is removed from the soil, the topsoil is more easily eroded. In topsoil there is usually a layer of decayed plant and animal material. When soil is exposed without plants, it is more likely to erode. Deposition is the process in which water, wind, and other environmental aspects carry away sediment. Erosion is natures way of landscaping. Running water does NOT cause erosion. The top most layer of soil is bedrock. The most fertile layer of soil is subsoil. Runoff water promotes erosion.

15. TRUE or FALSE

16. TRUE or FALSE

17. TRUE or FALSE

18. TRUE or FALSE 19. TRUE or FALSE 20. TRUE or FALSE 21. TRUE or FALSE 22. TRUE or FALSE

Name: ______________________ Date: ________________ Homeroom Teacher: _______________________ Directions: Match the correct definition to the vocabulary word.

A. The layer of Earths surface consisting of small pieces of rock, decayed plant and animal matter and minerals. B. C. D. E. F. Soil that has nutrients to grow many plants. The process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces. The rotting plant and animal materials in topsoil. An essential quality of a thing, characteristic. Broken down pieces of rock.

23. Soil

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24. Property 25. Humus ____ 26. Fertile ____ 27. Weathering 28. Sediment

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