DMX-4 Interview Questions (Which I got from Net, tried to answer some of them


1.How many Cache directors, Front-end directors and Back-end directors we can use Cache directors -8 Front-end directors -8 Back-end directors -8 2.What are the different types of Front-end directors and the purpose of each one? Mainframe CKD devices: ESCON (EA) FICON (EF) Open Systems FBA Fibre channel (FA) ISCSI (SE) etc 3.What are the Management Tools for DMX? EMC Control Center (ECC) SMC EMC Solutions Enabler EMC Symmetrix Performance Analyzer 4.What are the major components of System Bay and Storage Bay? System Bay: Directors and Memory boards, FANS, KVM, SPS, UPS, Power Supplies, XCM boards Storage Bay DAEs, BBU (Battery Backup Unit),SPS,LCC Link control card 5.Explain Enginuity Operation layers Symmetrix-Based Application Host-Based Symmetrix Application Independent Software Vendor Application EMC Solutions Enabler API -2




Symmetrix Enginuity Operating Environment Functions -3 Symmetrix Hardware -4 6.How do you calculate number of cylinders for 50GB LUN?

RAID 5. Linux. Solaris share the same FA in DMX? Yes 12. RAID 6. Zoning issue. RAID 1/0 10. Information stored in the VCM database includes. on each Symmetrix storage array.15 tracks -1 cylinder 64 blocks – 1 track 512 bytes-1 block 1024= conversion of bytes to kb to mb to GB GB=cylinder *15*128*512/1024/1024/1024-DMX3 DMX4 VMAX GB=cylinder *15*64*512/1024/1024/1024 -DMX DMX2 so 54613. commit 8.What is VCMDB and How do you take the backup? The Symmetrix Volume Configuration Management (VCM) database stores access configurations that are used to grant host access to logical devices in a Symmetrix storage array.Briefly explain the DMX-4 supported Device types? Mainframe and Open systems devices 9. referred to as the VCMDB device.Can windows. 7.How do you add a new member to the existing Meta? symconfigure –sid 1234 –cmd “add dev X to meta Y”. switch port failure.Host is unable to see the storage.How do you check the failed disks in the Symmetrix Array? C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin>symdisk -sid 2258 -failed list Symmetrix ID No devices were found C:\Program Files\EMC\SYMCLI\bin> 11.3 cylinders. What are the RAID levels DMX-4 Supports? RAID 0. SAN disk issue 13. connectivity issue. RAID 1. but is not limited to: Host and storage World Wide Names SID Lock and Volume Visibility settings : 00019010XXX8 . The VCM database resides on a special system resource logical device. what may be the problem? Host WWN issue.

What is stripping and what is Concatenating? Concatenating. If this situation occurs. the channel directors reconnect to their channels and process the host I/O request as a fast write. this type of global memory operation rarely occurs 16. initialized and activated. The Symmetrix system continues to process read operations during delayed fast writes. Backup the VCM database # symmaskdb backup 14. The Symmetrix SDM Agent must be running in order to perform VCM database operations (except deleting backup files). The channel director transfers the requested data through the channel interface to the host and updates the global memory directory. How do you list the Hosts which are connected to particular director port? symamsk –sid 1234 list logins –dir 10e –p 1 . What is Read Hit and Delayed fast write? Read Hit In a Read hit operation. Stripping-divides the data to a series of stripes. 15.Native logical device data. What are the Symmetrix Business Continuity Tool Time finder SRDF 17. When sufficient global memory space is available. such as the front-end directors and storage ports to which they are mapped Masking operations performed on Symmetrix storage devices result in modifications to the VCM database in the Symmetrix array. the percentage of global memory containing modified data is higher than the fast write threshold. Since the data is in global memory. By using what symcli command we can check the HBA details and physical details symmask list hba –list local host hba details symmask –sid 1234 –wwn wwn list logins symmaskdb –sid 1234 –host name list capcity (not in VMAX) 18. The VCM database can be backed up. there are no mechanical delays due to seek and latency Delayed fast Write A delayed fast write occurs only when the fast write threshold has been exceeded. the requested data resides in global memory. the Symmetrix system disconnects the channel directors from the channels. That is. The disk directors then destage the Least Recently Used data to disk.First byte of data at the beginning of the first device and addressing continues to the end of the first device before any data on the next device is referenced. With sufficient global memory present. restored.

Directors 1 and 16 are paired and directors 2 and 15 are paired. So by making the directors in sum of 17. Host and SAN connectivity to Fabric Switch Type of storage needed(Tier 1.19. Emulation.Tier2 .Directors are paired processor to processor using the rule of 17.providing redundancy and continuous availability in the event of repair or replacement to any one channel director. What is the FAN-IN and FAN-OUT ratio of DMX-4? What is the maximum hyper size in DMX-4? . Explain Rule 17 in DMX? Rule 17 is mainly for DA. now provides redundancy for a disk drive failure. Normally channel directors are installed in pairs . What is pre check list to assign to storage to the host? Host WWN details.size and data protection schemes for logical volumes. Operational parameters and features.number . How do you check the login hosts in the Array? symmask –sid 1234 list logins 23.Tier3 ) Size of the LUN 22. The same concept is followed on FA even if it is not mandatory. Director pairing. The file defines the Physical hardware configuration -Directors -Memory -Physical Drives Logical Storage configuration. Located on each director and in SP 21. What is the purpose of bin file in SAPAPI database? It contains the configuration information for a symmetrix. both the directors would fall under different power zone and if one goes down also the data to be served. How do you check the total allocated storage of a Host? Symmaskdb –sid 1234 –host name list capacity 20. along with dual ported drives and the use of the Port Bypass Cards.

Prepare and Commit while using Symconfigure command? How do you check the back-end Operations on Symmetrix Array? What are the service states of a device How do you reserve the devices? What is Tiering and how do you create the Disk Groups How do you check the free space by Disk group and Array as whole? How do you check the particular disk is connected to which DA Port and it is resides in particular DAE? What is drive looping? How do you check the particular device is connected to which Host? How do you check the number of storage bays connected to the system bay and number of disks in each storage bay? How do you check the devices which are mapped to FA but not masked to any host? Explain step by step to provide storage to the Host? What is Thin Provisioning? How do you create thin pools and thin devices? What are the steps for storage reclamation? How many mirror positions RAID-1 and RAID-5 will occupy? How do you increase the mirror positions? .How many hypers can create in a Single disk? How many members can contain in one meta? How many LUN IDs available per port? What Dynamic LUN addressing? What are the DMX-4 supported disk types. no. of disks and maximum capacity? What are Vault drives and Hot Spare? What is Preview.

How do you convert the One device type to another? What is FA Port Flag and how do you set the FA port flags? How do you setup the Symmetrix metrics? How do you check the configured environmental variables? What are the External locks and how to check? How to monitor performance of EMC Symmetrix? How do you check performance statistics of a particular director port? How do you check the cache activity of selected front-end directory? How do you check the back-end I/O requests of selected disk? What are the available performance information types in SYMSTAT command? What is symmetrix optimizer and how it works? What is Symmetrix QoS and how it works? What is the purpose of Symmetrix Change Tracker? What is Dynamic Cache Partitioning? What are the logs available at host-end and on symmetrix array? How do you monitor the real time events on symmetrix array with example? How do you track the history of events on symmetrix array with example? How do you check the audit logs on symmetrix array? How do you activate the auditing on symmetrix array? What is Symmetrix ACL? Explain step by step to setup the access controls on symmetrix array? How do you take the backup of ACLs? What is Symmetrix User Authorization? Explain step by step to setup user authorization on symmetrix array? How do you perform backup and restore user authorization information? .

E and FL Port? What are the management tools for Switches? How do you troubleshoot the SFP failure? How do you upgrade the firmware? What are the general switch problems? .What are the services of symcli? Explain step by step procedure to setup new host? What are the Symcli Base Management Commands? How do you prepare the Storage Capacity planning reports by host wise? SAN Interview Questions · · · · · · · · · · · · What is zoning? What is hard and soft zoning and Explain? What is the difference between zone and zone set? Explain step by step procedure for creating soft zoning? Explain step by step procedure for creating hard zoning? What is VSAN and how to create? What is ISL? What is F.

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