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History of hadith

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Hadith
Ḥadīth - (‫)ثيدح‬

History[hide]

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Prophetic Period Post-Prophetic Period Categories[hide]

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Ṣaḥīḥ

Ḥasan

Ḍaʻīf

Mawḍūʻ

Maqlūb

Terminology[hide] Ṣaḥīḥ

Ḥasan

Musnad

Muttaṣil

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Ḍaʻīf Muʻallaq

Mursal

Muʻḍal

Munqaṭiʻ

Munkar Shādhdh

Muḍṭarib

Mawḍūʻ

Mutawatir Ahaad

Mashhur

`Aziz

Gharib

Marfu` Mawquf

Maqtu'

Isra'iliyat Collections[hide] Sunni[hide]

Al-Kutub Al-Sittah - (The six books)

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Sahih Al-Bukhari ( ‫) يراخبلا حيحص‬ Sahih Muslim ( ‫) ملسم حيحص‬

Al-Sunan Al-Sughra ( ‫) ىرغصلا ننسلا‬ Sunan Abi Dawood ( ‫) دواد يبأ ننس‬ Sunan Al-Tirmidhi ( ‫) يذمرتلا عماج‬

Sunan Ibn Maja ( Others

‫ا‬

)

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Muwatta Imam Malik

Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (780–855) Sunan Al-Darimi (868)

Shama'il Muhammadiyah often referred to as Shamaail Tirmidhi (9th Century)

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Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah (923) Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān (965)

Al-Mustadrak Alaa Al-Ṣaḥīḥaīn Al-Mawdū'āt Al-Kubrā (1128–1217) Rīaḍ As-Ṣāliḥīn (1233–1278) Mishkat Al-Masabih (1340) Talkhis Al-Mustadrak (1274–1348) Majma Al-Zawa'id (1335–1405) Bulugh Al-Maram (1372–1449) Kanz al-Ummal (16th century) Zujajat al-Masabih (19th century) Minhaj us Sawi (20th century) Muntakhab Ahadith (20th century) Shi'a[hide]

Al-Kutub Al-Arb'ah - (The four books)

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Kitab Al-Kafi ( ‫) يفاكلا باتكلا‬

Man La Yahduruhu Al-Faqih ( ‫هرضحي ال نم‬ ( ‫ال ف ق ي‬ Tahdhib Al-Ahkam ( ‫ب االح ک م (یذهت‬

Al-Istibsar ( ‫) راصبتسالا‬ Others

The Book of Sulaym Ibn Qays (7th Century)

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Al-Sahifa Al-Sajjadiyya (678–713) Sharh Usul al-Kafi (?–1081) Nahj Al-Balagha (10th Century) Wasā'il Al-Shīʿa (17th century) Bihar Al-Anwar (17th century) Haqq al-Yaqeen (17th century) Ain Al-Hayat (17th century)

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Qalam-e-Mowla (?)

Daim al-Islam (?)

Needless to say hadith collection (even in the written form) began very early on – from the time of Muhammad and continued through the centuries that followed.1 The beginning of systematic hadith collection    3.1 Early written hadith collections 4 Canonical texts 5 Contemporary Analysis . This article goes through the historical evolution of the hadith literature from its beginning in the 7th century to present day.Ibadi[hide]   Al-Jami' As-Sahih Tartib Al-Musnad Mu'tazila[hide] Comments on the Peak of Eloquence (?–1258) Related Articles[hide]   Hadith studies Biographical evaluation    Ahl Al-Hadith Jihad in Hadith Criticism of Hadith   Category Portal Traditions regarding the life of Muhammad and the early history of Islam were passed down both orally and written for more than a hundred years after the death ofMuhammad in 632.1. Contents [hide]   1 Writing in the Pre-Islamic Period 2 Prophetic Period o  2. Muslims reject any collections that are not robust in withstanding the tests of authenticity per the standards of hadith studies.[1] Thus. the collection of hadith or sayings by or about the prophet Muhammad was a meticulous and thorough process that began right at the time of Muhammad. According to Muslims.1 Writing of hadith 3 Post-prophetic period o 3.

the narrations of the Prophet were not transcribed in a systematic manner.‖[8] [edit]Writing of hadith Despite this.[5] lest the hadith become confused with the Quran. and according to Sunni traditions. was that early on they had been prohibited from doing so. then this was not the case as we see from another hadith. 'Convey what I say. the prohibition was due to the fear of erring while writing. so was Muhammad. He gestured to his mouth and said. The Quraysh then prohibited me from doing so. it was unrefined. From them:  The hadith of Abd Allah ibn ‗Amr who said. ‗Do you write down everything? And the Prophet is human who speaks while angry and pleased?‘ So I refrained from writing and then mentioned this to the Prophet. As for writing in its entirety having been prohibited.‘‖[9] .‖[6] A possible explanation of aforementioned hadith is that ―the majority of the companions were illiterate with only a few individuals from them able to write. some instances of writing present at that time. memorization was the primary means of conveyance of information amongst the Arabs. ‗Write. personal letter. not conforming to the written alphabet. This was due to two reasons.    6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 Notes [edit]Writing in the Pre-Islamic Period Prior to the advent of Islam. including promissory notes. tribal agreements and some religious literature.[3] There were very few Arabs that could read or write in the beginning of Muhammad's era: The majority were unlettered.[4] [edit]Prophetic Period According to Ibn Hajar. as has been established in Sahih Muslim. saying. by the one in whose hand is my soul! Nothing emanates from this except the truth. ―I used write everything I heard from the Prophet wanting to preserve it. Thus.[2] There were.‖[7] Another is that ―the prohibition was of writing the Quran with other than it in one place so as to avoid the two from becoming mixed up confusing the one reading it. however. The first.' Present within the command to convey is permission to write and record. ―During the Prophet‘s lifetime and into the time of the Companions and older Followers. If they were to write. there are a number of hadith that indicate the permissibility if not encouragement to write down hadith. The second was due to expansive capability of their ability to memorize and because the majority of them were unable to write.

the answer came: Write.[13] Another sources quotes Muhammad advising: "Record knowledge by writing.[4][10] Sahih Bukhari states that Abd-Allah ibn Amr wrote down his hadith.[12] Muhammad meant that he should write down what he heard. Among the prisoners of war taken at the Battle of Badr those who were literate were released after each taught ten Muslims how to read and write."[17] [edit]Post-prophetic period During the caliphate of Abu Bakr.[4] Ibn Hajar summarized the different ways in which scholars have sought to reconcile those hadith prohibiting the writing of hadith and those permitting it. for fear of accepting a forged hadith. fearing that Muslims might then neglect the Qur'an. Abu Bakr. He is portrayed by Sunnis as desiring to initiate this project but unwilling to do so. For this reason. the Muslim nation had to deal with the rebellion of several apostates. Umar ibn al-Khattab is the primary locus for many accounts about hadith collection. Muhammad gave a sermon. due to fear and concerns. named Abu Shah. ―The reconciliation between the two is that the prohibition was particular to the time in which the Quran was being sent down so that it would not become mixed up with other than it and the permission was during other than that time. the apostates began to forge hadiths to suit their purposes. A man from the Yemen. some scroll transferred to Abu Rafi was handed down to Abu Bakr ibn ‗Abd Al Rahman ibn Harith. like some of his letters other head of states[citation needed].[11]  A man came to Muhammad and complained about his memory. Umar. But most of them slip our minds because we cannot memorize them‘.[4] Among other things. were very strict in their acceptance of hadiths as authentic. and his successor. saying: ‗O Messenger of Allah: We hear many things from you. stood up and said: "O Allah‘s Messenger! Please write down these [words] for me!" Muhammad ordered: "Write for Abu Shah!"[15]  Muhammad sent a letter which contained commandments about the blood money for murders and injuries and the law of retaliation to Amr ibn Hizam. Muhammad replied: Ask your right hand for help. he sometimes warned people against careless narration of hadith.[4] .[18] Among Sunnis.[19] Umar is also said by Sunnis that.[16] This letter was handed down to his great grandson. belonging to the first generation after the Companions. no harm!. In all likelihood."[14]  During the conquest of Mecca. Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad.  When Rafi‗ ibn Khadij asked Muhammad whether they could write what they heard from him. in the first of which he said.

those receiving the hadith started to question the sources of the saying. termed the Fitnaby Muslim historians.D/40 A. Merwan ibn Hakam. Muslim historians say that hadith collection and evaluation continued during the first Fitna and the Umayyad period. was a prolific and prominent hadith narrator from the Followers whom Ibn Hajar identified as a tabi'i.[28] According to Ibn Hajar.Muslim historians say that it was the caliph Uthman (the third caliph. resulting in much good.[4][26] Of the many companions. but if they were heretics. or successor of Muhammad. in Cairo and not in Baghdad). something that resulted in the development of the Isnad. It was after this that the compilation.[27] Starting the first Islamic civil war of the 7th century. Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Ubaydullah. their traditions were not accepted. “Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri was the first to compile hadithat the beginning of the first century after the Migration acting on the order of Umar ibn AbdulAziz. Ali ibn Abi Talib. one of whom was Hammam ibn Munabbih. Ibn Munabbih wrote down these hadith. However. Many of these traditions supported differing views on a variety of controversial matters. then the authoring of books of hadith became commonplace.D{[24]}. The scholars of the Abbasid period were faced with a huge corpus of miscellaneous traditions.The Muslim community (ummah) then fell into a prolonged civil war. much of this activity was presumably oral transmission from early Muslims to later collectors. at least in name. Abu Hurairah taught hadith to students.”[29] Umayyad rule was interrupted by a second civil war (the Second Fitna). re-established. which mostly contain what he had heard from Muhammad and other Sahaba. was assassinated. that of the Followers.{[25]} Illustrating the importance hadith in a written format had earned. control of the Islamic empire was seized by the Umayyad dynasty in 660A. some of them flatly contradicting each other. or from teachers to students. on 17 June 656 A.[20][21][22][23]Uthman's labors were cut short by his assassination. encouraged Muslims to write down the hadith as Muhammad (in some instances) had encouraged Muslims to do likewise during his lifetime. commonly known as ibn Shihab al-Zuhri. the original manuscripts of which are present even to this day in the libraries of Berlin. Ibn Abbas left behind a camel-load of books. who had formerly been one of Muhammad's secretary's). until 1517 (the last Caliph was Al-Mutawakkil III 1508–1517. Beirut and Damascus." [edit]The beginning of systematic hadith collection The beginning of the systematic collection and compilation of hadith began during the time of the second generation of Muslims.H. when the Abbasid dynasty seized the caliphate.[19] Muhammad ibn Sirin(d. 110/728) stated:[19] "[the traditionalists] were not used to inquiring after the isnad. Scholars had to decide which hadith were to be trusted as authentic narrations . at the hands of aggrieved people who had come to the capital to seek redressal from the Caliph for the wrongs done by his secretary. but when the fitna occurred they said: Name us your informants. to hold it. After the fourth caliph. Thus if these were Ahl al-Sunna their traditions were accepted. then ended in 758.

6. are among those who compiled hadiths at `Umar II‘s behest. Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm and Ibn Shihab alZuhri. they used a number of techniques in hadith studies.He was soon followed by Aloys Sprenger. 700 CE Muwatta of Malik bin Anas — 760–795 CE Sufyan al-Thawri [edit]Canonical texts The efforts culminated with Ibn al-Qaisarani's formalization of the Sunni cannon into six definitive collections.[19] However.000 hadiths to be authentic. 4.[31][32][33] after having received impetus from the establishment of the Sunnah as the second source of law in Islam. 3. hasan (good) and da'if (weak) was firmly established by Ali ibn al-Madini (d. For this purpose. paper was introduced into the Muslim world. 7. this demonstrates a limited understanding by Non Muslims.and which had been invented for various political or theological purposes. noted that Muhammad al-Bukhari deemed only 4. who also suggests that many of the hadiths cannot be considered authentic. in chronological order: 1. 5.[34] al-Tirmidhi was the first traditionist to base his book on al-Madini's classification. 2. of Bukhari's criterion for his Sahih. fearing that some of it might be lost. 234 AH).[19] [edit]Early written hadith collections List of collections of hadith.[34] [edit]Contemporary Analysis In 1848. al-Madini's student Muhammad al-Bukhari authored a collection that he stated contained only sahih hadith.[34] Later.[19] The classification of Hadith into sahih (sound). Gustav Weil. This is clarified by other statements of Bukhari in which he . Even much of modern Muslim scholarship. employs the same methods and biographical materials.[citation needed] In AH 134 (751/752).[30] Generally. while continuing to debate the validity or authenticity of individual hadiths or perhaps the hadiths of a particular transmitter. Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm Musannaf of ibn Jurayj — ?-? CE Musannaf of Ma`mar bin Rashid — ?-? CE Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih — 670–720 CE Musannaf of `Abd al-Razzaq al-San`ani — c. particularly through the efforts of the famous jurist Muhammad ibn Idris alShafi'i. Umar II is credited with having ordered the first collection of hadith material in an official manner. 8.000 of his original 300.[19] The method of criticism and the conclusions it has reached have not changed significantly since the ninth century.

sīra For the geographer from Al-Andalus see Mohammed Ibn Abu Bakr al-Zuhri Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Ubaydullah ibn Shihab al-Zuhri[1] (Arabic: ) (died AH 124/741- 2). but not all authentic hadith are included in his Sahih.[19] The Common-Link Theory. the findings of Alhomoudi‘s thesis did not only challenge the significant Common -Link Theory in legal hadith studies. Al-Dhahabi quoted Bukhari as saying. Alhomoudi in his thesis ―On the Common -Link Theory‖[36] challenges the accuracy of Schacht‘s founding theory. Juynboll. Michael Cook and other Schachtians subsequently embraced and elaborated upon this theory. argues that hadith authorities knowingly and purposefully placed traditions in circulation with little care to support these hadiths with satisfactory isnads (chains of transmitters). He was a central figure among the early collectors of sīra.made it clear that he considered all of the hadith in his authentic. Because of the interconnectedness of Schacht‘s many theses about hadith and Islamic law. A. the free encyclopedia Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Ubaydullah ibn Shihab alZuhri Died AH 124 (741/742) Ethnicity Arab Era Islamic golden age Region Damascus Main interest(s) Hadith. G. . The subsequent direction the Western debate took. "I have memorized one hundred thousand authentic hadith and two hundred thousand that are not authentic. is largely due to the work of Joseph Schacht. The Turkish government's Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı has commissioned a team of scholars at Ankara University to draft a new compilation of hadith that would omit numerous hadith considered historically inauthentic by these scholars. Fahad A. usually called simply Ibn Shihab or al-Zuhri. invented by Joseph Schacht and widely accepted in modern scholarship.[37] Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri From Wikipedia. In 2006. a direction which has focussed on the role of hadiths in the origin and development of early Muslim jurisprudence.'[35] Ignaz Goldziher was a large contributor of innovative theories to the West. but also open the door for scholars to question other important theories held by Schacht and his followers with regard to larger issues in Islamic legal history. H.

went to Damascus to seek his fortune and was recruited into the administration of the CaliphAbd al-Malik. Abd al-Malik died in AH 86 (705 CE) and al-Zuhri continued to serve the Umayyid court the rest of his life. In the initial conversation with Abd al-Malik the names of earlier Islamic scholars whom al-Zuhri had come in contact with in Madinah are mentioned: 'Abdullah ibn Tha'laba al-'Adawi (though he is disparaged). but not Ibn Sa'd. No connected account of al-Zuhris life after that has come down to us. Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit and 'Abdul-Rahman ibn Yazid ibn Jariya.[citation needed] [edit]Relationship with the Umayyads Some accuse al-Zuhri of having flattered the Umayyads. His relationship with the heir to the caliphate Walid (ruled for one year 125 after al-Zuhri's death) was so bad that Walid was only restrained from killing him by the Caliph's intervention.Said ibn al-Musayyib. He died in AH 124 (741–2 CE). Abu Bakr ibn 'Abdul-Rahman ibn al-Harith. Urwah ibn Zubayr. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba. say that he had a son named Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr al-Zuhri.1 Sunni view 3. But the Caliph's policy toward the Zubayrites was reconciliation and his father's politics were not held against him.Contents [hide]    1 Life 2 Relationship with the Umayyads 3 Views o o   3. but this does not mean that he supported the Umayyads uncritically.[2] Some sources. He taught the son of Caliph Hisham (died AH 125/743). There is no evidence he ever again lived in Madinah.2 Non-Muslim view 4 Notes 5 Further reading [edit]Life Ibn Sa'd[2] has an account purporting to be in al-Zuhri's own words describing how he left his home in Madinah. The Caliph observed that his father had supported Ibn al-Zubayr against him in the recent civil war. There are many stories about the strength of al-Zuhri's learning and all the scholar's in the west who were alive when he died quoted from him in their own works.[2] [edit]Views [edit]Sunni view .

[3] [edit]Non-Muslim view Harald Motzki regards al-Zuhri as reliable. (September 2010) Musannaf of ibn Jurayj is a book by Islamic scholar ibn Jurayj. in spite of being so learned.Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri is regarded as one of the greatest Sunni authorities on Hadith. in the 20th century. In his famous letter to Malik ibn Anas. This is what prompted me to give up what you do not approve of [i. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.[3] Musannaf ibn Jurayj From Wikipedia. would give three contradictory answers to the same question.(‫)ثيدح‬ . who was at the time the most respected scholar of hadiths narrated by Aisha.[4] Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm From Wikipedia. by Muhammad Hamidullah.e.[1] by 8th century scholar Hammam ibn Munabbih.[1] He is among those who compiled hadiths at Umar II‘s behest. He would not even be aware of what he had said about the issue in the past. the free encyclopedia This article does not cite any references or sources. Abu Hatim.[2] Umar asked him to write down all the hadiths he could learn in Madinah from 'Amra bint 'Abd al-Rahman. when we would meet him. The leading critics of Hadith such as Ibn al-Madini. Muwatta Imam Malik From Wikipedia. Al-Dhahabi and Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani are all agreed upon his indisputable authority. Laith ibn Sa`d writes: Ibn Shihab would give many contradicting statements. quoting a narrative on the authority of ibn Shihab]. It has been translated. He received ahadith from many Sahaba (Companions) and numerous scholars among the first and second generations after the Companions narrated from him. Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm (Arabic: ‫( )أب و ب كر ب ن محمد ب ن حزم‬died 120/737) was an 8thcentury Sunni Islamic scholar based in Madinah. one of the earliest hadith collections. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. the free encyclopedia Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih is perhaps one of the earliest known hadith collections. While if any one of us would ask him something in writing. Ibn Hibban. the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth . he.

Upon these two all the rest have built.History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   The Muwaṭṭaʾ (Arabic: Category Portal ) is the first written collection of hadith comprising the subjects of Muslim law. compiled and edited by the Imam.[1]Malik's best-known work. Abu Bakr ibn al-`Arabi said: "The Muwatta‘ is the first foundation and the core. Al-Muwatta was the first legal work to incorporate and join hadith and fiqh together. while al-Bukhari‘s book is the second foundation in this respect." Contents [hide]         1 Description 2 History 3 Authenticity 4 Composition of al-Muwatta 5 Distinguishing characteristics 6 Commentaries on Al-Muwatta 7 References 8 External links [edit]Description . such as Muslim and al-Tirmidhi. Malik ibn Anas. The work was received with wide praise.

the book has been compiled with great diligence and meticulousness. [edit]Authenticity Part of a series on Sunni Islam Beliefs Monotheism Prophethood / Messengership Holy Books · Angels . from the corpus of 100.‖ [4] Historical reports attest that another ‗Abbāsī caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd too expressed similar wishes before Imām Mālik who remained unmoved. but when the Caliph again came to Medina in 163 AH. the Caliph of the time. however.000 narrations available to him. many of the legal precepts it contains are based not on hadith at all. Once you have compiled such a work then we would be able to unite the Muslims in following the single fiqh worked by you. He. norms and laws of the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Mas‗ūd.[3] [edit]History Due to increase in juristic differences. customs. Thus. We would order that no body acts contrary to it.[2] Nonetheless. Your work should exemplify the following principle of the Prophet: ―The best issues are those which are balanced. compiled Muwattā. traditions. requested Imam Malik to produce a standard book that could be promulgated as law in the country.‖ It should be a compendium of the agreed upon views of the Companions and the elder imāms on the religious and legal issues. keeping before himself the target of removing the juristic differences between the scholars. concessions and accommodations of ‗Abd Allāh b. The book covers rituals. It is reported that Imam Malik selected only about 1% of authentic Ahadith for inclusion into the Muwatta. ‗Umar.It is considered to be from the earliest extant collections of hadith that form the basis of Islamic jurisprudence alongside the Qur'an. ‗Abbās and unique views of ‗Abd Allāh b. take up the reign of the discipline of fiqh in your hands. is not merely a collection of hadith. rites. We would then promulgate it in the entire Muslim state. he was more forceful and said: ―O Abū ‗Abd Allāh. Compile your understanding of every issue in different chapters for a systematic book free from the extremism of ‗Abd Allāh b. The Imam refused this in 148 AH. Abū Ja‗far Mansūr.

Judgement Day · Predestination Five Pillars Declaration of Faith · Prayer Charity · Fasting · Pilgrimage Rightly Guided Caliphs Abu Bakr · Umar ibn al-Khattab Uthman ibn Affan · Ali ibn Abi Talib Schools of Law Hanafi · Maliki · Shafi'i · Hanbali · Zahiri Extinct Schools of Law Awza'i · Laythi · Thawri · Jariri Schools of Theology Maturidi · Ash'ari · Athari Movements Barelvi · Deobandi · Salafi Hadith Collections Al-Kutub Al-Sittah Sahih al-Bukhari · Sahih Muslim Al-Sunan al-Sughra · Sunan Abu Dawood Sunan al-Tirmidhi · Sunan ibn Majah  V .

Its high standing is such that people of every school of fiqh and all of the imams of hadith scholarship agree upon its authenticity. This has resulted in differences in the text in various instances. Its name also means that it is the book that is "many times agreed upon". in them) 3. No acceptance of Hadith from any innovator . "There is not on the face of the earth a book – after the Book of Allah – which is more authentic than the book of Malik. tā. bā etc. prepositions and particles like wāw.  T E Imam Malik composed the 'Muwatta' over a period of forty years to represent the "well-trodden path" of the people of Medina. [edit]Commentaries on Al-Muwatta Due to the importance of the Al-Muwatta to Muslims it has often been accompanied by commentaries. [edit]Composition of al-Muwatta Al-Muwatta consists of approximately 1. Highly literary form of the classical Arabic. There are thirty known versions of the work of which the most famous is the one transmitted by Yahya al-Laithi. mostly but not exclusively by followers of the Maliki school."[5] Over one thousand disciples of the Imām have transmitted this work from him. The Muslim Jurist. Imam Malik does not accept any marfū‗ hadīth (ascribed to the Prophet) if it is not verbatim transmission of the words of the Prophet (he even gave consideration to letters.720 hadith divided amongst the following hadith terminology as follows:[2]     600 marfu` hadith 613 mawquf hadith 285 maqtu' hadith 222 mursal hadiths [edit]Distinguishing characteristics Amin Ahsan Islahi has listed several distinguishing characteristics of the Muwatta: [3] 1. This helps readers develop the ability to understand the language of the prophetic traditions.about whose contents the people of Medina were unanimously agreed.this is a stricter standard than many other muhaddithun 4. Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i famously said. Its briefness (in size) yet comprehensiveness (in coverage) 2. .

(Abû al-Walîd Sulaymân ibn Khalaf al-Bâjî. through close examination it is apparent that the author made revisions to both after their completion due to the cross referencing found in both. It is considered to be based on three other commentaries of the Muwatta. as it is arranged according to categories of Fiqh.  al-Istidhkar. al-Muntaqâ sharh Muwatta‘ Mâlik.  Al-Muntaqâ sharh al-Muwatta of Abu al-Walid al-Baji.[6]  Awjāz-ul-Masālik ilá Muwattā' Imām Mālik is a Deobandi commentary written by Muhammad Zakariya al-Kandahlawi. as well as the AlMuntaqa of Abu al-Walid al-Baji. as was the case with the former. as Ibn Abd al Barr himself alludes to in the introduction.  The explanation of Al-Suyuti. 1420/1999) Sharh al-Muwatta' has two versions: al-Istifa' and its abridgment al-Muntaqa. However. The title roughly means "The Categorized".  Sharh Muwatta al-Malik by Muhammad al-Zurqani. It is said that the Istidhkar was written after the Tamhid. wrote a small commentary to the Al-Muwatta. but also from the Sahaba and early Muslim scholars. and includes extensive biographical information about each narrator in the chain. Al Tamhid by Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr is organized according to the narrators which Malik narrates from. the free encyclopedia The Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq is a very early book of Hadith that was collected by ‗Abd ar-Razzaq asSan‗ani.    Al-Imla' fi Sharh al-Muwatta in 1. who although a follower of the Shafi`i school. which suggests the nature of this hadith collection.[7] Sharh Minhaaj by Subki. the Tamhid and the Istidhkar of Yusuf ibn Abd al Barr.[1] Contents [hide]    1 History behind this Book 2 Sources 3 Reliability . by Ibn Hazm. Shah Waliullah attached great importance to the Muwatta and penned another commentary in Urdu too.[8] Sharh Muwatta by Ali al-Qari Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq From Wikipedia. He began the work in 1927 in Medina while only 29 years old. It not only contains a huge number of hadith attributed directly to Muhammad. Shah Wali Allah Dahlawi (al-Musaffa Sharh al-Muwatta in Persian).000 folios.  Al-Musaffa Sharh al-Muwatta. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‗Ilmiyyah. edited by Muhammad ‗Abd al-Qâdir Ahmad ‗Atâ. the Andalusian Mâlikî Qâdî. also by Ibn Abd al-Barr is more of a legal exegesis on the hadith contained in the book than a critical hadith study.

(‫)ثيدح‬ History[show] . There are also relatively small numbers of hadith from Sufyan Ibn 'Uyayna."[2] Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth . deprives the historical study of early Islam of an important and a useful type of source. The conclusion of the author was. Schacht. Abu Hanifa. I came to the conclusion that the theory championed by Goldziher. [edit]Sources The hadith in the Musannaf come mainly from three people: Ma'mar Ibn Rashid (d. Maulana Habib al-Rahman who has worked on numerous books of Ahadith was famous for his vast knowledge of the hadith. Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq was lost and mixed up with other books. Most of them are said to have been compilers of hadith books in their own right. reject hadith literature as a historically reliable sources for the first century AH. [edit]Reliability An article by Harald Motzki appeared in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies that mentioned the Musannaf of `Abd al-Razzaq al-San`ani as a source of authentic ahadith of the first century AH. It took him almost 20 years to complete this great historical work for which he is a insanely loved and respected person among the scholars around the world. and Sufyan al-Thawri. and in their footsteps. AD 770). and Malik Ibn Anas among a large number of other people. Ibn Jurayj. many others – myself included – which in general. 4 Notes [edit]History behind this Book The book of Hafiz Al-San'ani. The book was published in Beirut. and could not be differentiated for almost 1100 years until it was arranged and edited by the great Indian Scholar Muhaddith-e-Kabir Hazrat Maulana Habib al-Rahman al-Azmi (Rahmatullah Alaih). "While studying the Musannaf of `Abd al-Razzaq.

Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Category Portal Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal is a collection of Hadith collected by the famous Sunni scholar Ibn Hanbal to whom the Hanbali madhab of Sunnis is attributed." Certain Hanbali scholars. It is said by some that Ibn Hanbal made a comment in regards to his book which read as follows: "There is not a hadith that I have included in this book except that it was used as evidence by some of the scholars. which were said to be nine Hadiths by some. or fifteen Hadiths by some others. mixing texts and authoritative chains).e.[1] . the narrator jumbling up information. it is agreed that the hadith that are suspected to be fabricated are not new hadiths that are creations of a dubious narrator's imagination. However. such as Abu'l-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi claimed that the Musnad contains hadiths that are fabricated by interpolation (i. Contents [hide]     1 Description 2 See also 3 References 4 External links [edit]Description Front cover of Musnad Imam Ahmad Ibne Hanbal.

Al-Muwatta and the Musnad of Imam Ahmad. such as that of Tayalisi or Ibn Hanbal.(‫)ثيدح‬ History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Sunan al-Darimi (Arabic: Category Portal ) or Musnad al-Darimi by `Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-Rahman al- Darimi (181H–255H) is a hadith collection considered by Sunnis to be among the prominent nine collections: the Al-Kutub al-Sittah. It is arranged by subject matter in the manner of a book of Sunan.Sunan al-Darimi From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia This article does not cite any references or sources. date of death unknown. [edit]Conveyance Darimi transmitted these hadiths to `Isa ibn `Umar al-Samarqandi. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. it is not arranged by narrator in the manner of other Musnads. Thereafter it passed to: . but presumably after 293 AH. like the Sunan Ibn Majah. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Despite its title as a Musnad. (November 2010) Hadith Ḥadīth .

151-3 Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth . in short Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah. 1420 AH / 2000 CE. Dar al-Maghni.   `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hamawiya al-Sarkhasi (293–381 AH) `Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Muzaffar al-Dawudi "Jamal al-Islam" (374–467 AH) Abu'l-Waqt `Abd al-Awwal ibn `Isa ibn Shu`ayb al-Sijizzi (458–553 AH) [edit]Published editions Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article: Sunan al-Darimi  Edited by Husayn Salim Asad. p. is a collection of hadith by Ibn Khuzaymah .(‫)ثيدح‬ History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Category Portal Mukhtasar al-Mukhtasar min al-Musnad al-Sahih.

Sahih Ibn Hibbaan From Wikipedia.Contents [hide]     1 Content 2 Views 3 Published edition 4 References [edit]Content Its chapters cover prayer.(‫)ثيدح‬ . [edit]Views Among the Sahih collections after Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. it is regarded highly along with Sahih Ibn Hibbaan and Sahih Abi 'Awana. the free encyclopedia Sahih Ibn Hibbaan Author(s) Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad al-Tamimi al-Busti Language Arabic Subject(s) hadith Hadith Ḥadīth . and published by al-Maktab al-Islami in Beirut. pilgrimage. fasting. [edit]Published edition It has been edited by Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami. and the Zakat tithe.

2 Mawarid al-Zam'an 3 References [edit]Overview The actual name of this collection is al-Taqasim wa al-Anwa`.[1] Contents [hide]  1 Overview o  1. it was arranged first by bab. He was a prominent Shafi'i hadith specialist and prolific author who died in 965 CE. however. The book opens with a lengthy introduction. from Bust in Khorasan. by naw`. it is commonly referred to as Sahih ibn Hibban. who died in 1926.[2] The Sahih remains in its entirety as of the late Nineteenth Century or early Twentieth Century.[1] [edit]Authenticity . according to al-Kattani. or type.[1] Instead.1 Authenticity 2 Derivative Works o o  2. The author utilized an innovative method in the arrangement of this work as it is not arranged in topical chapters nor is it based upon a musnad arrangement and is therefore difficult to navigate. and then under each chapter.History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Category Portal Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān (‫ح حص‬ ‫ح‬ ) is a collection of hadith by Sunni scholar Ibn Hibban.1 al-Ihsan 2. It has the distinction of being one of small number of collections intended by the respective authors to contain only authentic hadith. The author of this Sahih is Abu Hatim Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad al-Tamimi al-Busti(ar). or chapter.

[edit]Derivative [edit]al-Ihsan Works Ali ibn Balban (d. authored the most authentic hadith collection. al-Suyuti spoke more definitively when saying that Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah was the most authentic collection after Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.[3] This means that Sahih Ibn Hibban is the fourth most authentic hadith collection. 807/1405). followed by Sahih Ibn Hibban which. 739/1339) rearranged the hadith chapters of Sahih Ibn Hibban according to the topics of jurisprudence and published them as al-Ihsan fi Taqrib Sahih Ibn Hibban. are arranged in the order of jurisprudence headings in the book Mawarid al-Zam'an ila Zawa'id Ibn Hibban by Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami (d.[1] Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain From Wikipedia.According to al-Kattani. after Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim".[1] [edit]Mawarid al-Zam'an The unique hadith it contains.[1] However. the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth . in turn.(‫)ثيدح‬ History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show] . "it has been said that Ibn Hibban. after ibn Khuzaymah. those not found in either Sahih Bukhari or Sahih Muslim. was more authentic than AlMustadrak alaa al-Sahihain.

his abridgement of the Mustadrak that is often published along with it in its margins. Some of those are fabrications. but that have something else about them or that have some defect."[5] .[1] He claimed all hadith in it were authentic according to the conditions of either Sahih al-Bukhari or Sahih Muslim or both. Perhaps the total number of such hadîth comprises half the book. It contains 9045 hadith. to say things like "It is authenticated by al-Hâkim and al-Dhahabî concurs". [3] Dhahabi also wrote:[4] The Mustadrak contains a good number of hadîth that conform to the conditions of authenticity of both (alBukhârî and Muslim) as well as a number of hadîth conforming to the conditions of either one of them. they are referring to al-Dhahabi's Talkhîs. a 14th century Sunni Shafi'i Islamic scholar made an abridged version of the collection named Talkhis alMustadrak where he commented on its authenticity. when he was 72 years old.  Category Portal Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain (Arabic: Al-Mustadrak ala al-Sah hayn) is a five volume hadith collection written by Hakim al-Nishaburi d. There is roughly another quarter of the hadîth that have authentic chains of transmission. 405H. Al-Dhahabi. al-Dhahabi lamented: It would have been better if al-Hakim had never compiled it. when compiling them and determining their authenticity. and that is about a fourth. Contents [hide]     1 History 2 Authenticity 3 Abridgment 4 References [edit]History He wrote it in the year 393 AH (1002–1003 CE). I came to know of them when I prepared an abridgement of the Mustadrak and pointed them out. they are rejected and spurious narrations that are unauthentic. In doing so. It has become the habit of scholars today working in the field of hadîth.[2] [edit]Authenticity The statement of authenticity was not accepted by a number of prominent later Sunni scholars. As for the rest.

In that version. There have been many prominent scholars who have assumed that al-Dhahabî's silence in his Talkhîs indicates his tacit approval of al-Hâkim's ruling. al-Manâwî in Fayd al-Qadîr.[6] [edit]Abridgment The five volumes of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain Talkhis al-Mustadrak' is an abridged version of Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain." However. and al-Husaynî in al-Bayân wa al-Ta`rîf. al-Dhahabi citicised hadith he had not commented on in his Talkhîs. he says nothing about it .Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani. when speaking about Mu`âwiyah b. he added his comments on 1182 hadith. written by Al-Dhahabi. A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions From Wikipedia." On at least three other occasions." alDhahabî said of it:[7] "|It is a useful book. but some question that stance. Sâlih. when the same statement comes up in his Talkhîs. For example. the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth .[8] he writes: "He is among those narrators whom Muslim accepts but not al-Bukhârî. a 15th century Sunni Islamic scholar states that Mawdu'at al-Kubra is as unreliable in its attributing the grade of being "forged" to certain ahadith as al-Hakim's Mustadrak is unreliable in its declaring the grade of "sound" or Sahih to many ahadith. wherein he speaks about his Mustadrak: "Some of those are fabrications.(‫)ثيدح‬ . Many contemporary scholars follow this view as well. alDhahabi in his Talkhis al-Mustadrak made an abridged version (a version with omitted material of the collection where he commented on its claimed authenticity).' He repeatedly makes this mistake. scholars of the caliber of al-Suyuti in al-Nukat alBadî`ât (197) (15th century CE). Al-Dhahabî in his encyclopedic Târikh al-Islam "The History of Islam" says the following in his biographical entry on al-Hâkim. I came to know of them when I prepared an abridgement of the Mustadrak and pointed them out. You can see al-Hâkim relating this narrator's hadîth in his Mustadrak and say: 'This is according to the conditions of al-Bukhârî. I had made an abridgement of it that is in considerable need of work and editing.

is a collection of fabricated hadith collected by Abul-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi for criticism. (Arabic: .[1] Tahdhib al-Athar . presented as hadith. in fact. Al-Mawḍū„āt al-Kubrá). however. [edit]Criticism Al-Nawawi criticized the book as containing many hadith which cannot properly be declared mawdo.[1] Ahmad ibn Ali Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani contends. declared fabricated by the author and then arranged by subject.History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Category Portal A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions.[1] It consists of some 1847 narrations according to the numbering provided in the latest edition and is currently published in four volumes with ample footnotes providing additional information. Some of them are. occupying approximately two volumes. da'if. fabricated and that those narrations criticized as not actually being fabricated are very few in comparison. that the majority of the narrations in this book are. according to Al-Suyuti. [edit]Description The book consists of narrations. Al-Mawdu'at has been described by Al-Nawawi as including many narrations. hasan or evensahih.

[1] Al-Kattani praised Tahdhib as being from the author's amazing works.From Wikipedia.[1] References 1.). 43. Al-Kattani described it as one of al-Tabari's amazing works. an examination of their authenticity. Riyadh as-Saaliheen From Wikipedia. [edit]Description Al-Tabari compiled this work as inclusive of hadith.[1] Al-Tabari gathered those hadith he determined to be authentic from each of these companions and discussed the various routes of their individual hadith and any hidden defects. He arranged his work according to the companion narrating it. as well as a large segment of `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas's hadith. al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah (Seventh ed. ^ a b c d e f al-Kattani. and the definitions of any unusual terminology. p. Ahl al-Bayt and their clients. and the explanation of each. the free encyclopedia Tahdhīb al-Āthār (Arabic: ) is a collection of hadith by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. he did not complete it.(‫)ثيدح‬ History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] . the free encyclopedia Hadith Ḥadīth .[1] He then discussed theunderstanding of each hadith. the differing opinions of the scholars and their rationale. beginning with Abu Bakr alSiddiq. although. Beirut: Dar al-Bashair al-Islamiyyah.[1] He died in 922 before completing it.[1] He completed the hadith of the ten companions promised paradise. Muhammad ibn Ja'far (2007) (in Arabic).

An improved version of this work. and was the work of another Persian traditionist Al-Tabrizi d.Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Riyadh as-Saaliheen ( ‫ض‬ Category Portal ‫ح ص‬ ). the free encyclopedia Masabih al-Sunnah is a collection of hadith by the Persian Shafi'i scholar Abu Muhammad al-Husayn ibn Mas'ud ibn Mubammad al-Farra' al-Baghawi. Contents [hide]     1 Description 2 Explanation 3 References 4 External links [edit]Description In total. Mishkat al-Masabih. 1421H. [1] [edit]References 1. translated: "The Gardens of the Righteous". [edit]Description . ^ Ibn Farooq's Book Review of » Riyādh us Sāliheen Masabih al-Sunnah From Wikipedia. many of which are introduced by verses of the Quran. from sometime before 516 H. 741H. It contains strong hadiths from Al-Bukhari and Muslim and is well regarded by the scholars of hadith. is a compilation of verses from the Qur'an and hadith by Imam Nawawi. it contains 680 hadith divided into 372 chapters. [edit]Explanation Books of commentary on the hadith in Riyadh as-Saaliheen have been written. by Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen d. including the most recent. has additional hadith.

The collection is divided into a number of books which are divided into chapters which are further divided into two separate sections.   Contains a grand total of 4434 ahadeeth. the second section was for hasan ahadeeth according to his own labelling (from Al-Tirmidhi. Al-Tabrizi would alter certain ahadeeth positions in his own collection. [edit]Features  of the Collection Al-Baghawi omitted the isnads of these ahadeeth but kept the names of the Sahaba to whom the ahadith were traced. was to enlighten Muslims about certain things of which the Quran is silent. one for Sahih ahadeeth as labeled by him ( from the collections of Bukhari and Muslim).  Part of his purpose.(‫)ثيدح‬ . Bulugh al-Maram From Wikipedia. Tuhfat Al-Abrar. the free encyclopedia Bulugh al-Maram Author(s) Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani Language Arabic Subject(s) Ahadith Ahkam Shafi'i Hadith Ḥadīth . 2434 are from Sahih section: 325 Sahih Bukhari Only 875 Sahih Muslim Only 1234 from both Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim   Al-Baghawi tells which ahadeeth from the second section of his work are gharib and da'if A number of commentaries were made on this collection. as explained in the introduction. Al-Maysir and the commentary by Abd al-Qadir ibn 'Abd Allah al-Suhrawardi. Abu Dawud and others).

Contents [hide]     1 Contents 2 Explanations 3 Translation 4 Other books of Ahadith al-ahkam [edit]Contents Bulugh al-Maram contains a total of 1358 hadiths. Sahih al-Bukhari. Sunan ibn Majah. This genre is referred to in Arabic as Ahadith alAhkam.History[show] Categories[show] Terminology[show] Collections[show] Related Articles[show]   Category Portal Bulugh al-Maram min Adillat al-Ahkam. Sunan al-Nasa'i. At the end of each hadith narrated in Bulugh al-Maram.Jami at-Tirmidhi. Sunan Abu Dawud. Bulugh al-Maram includes hadith drawn from numerous primary sources of hadith in it including. . and Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal and more. Sahih Muslim. translation: Attainment of the Objective According to Evidences of the Ordinances by al-Hafidh ibn Hajar al-Asqalani(1372 – 1448) is a collection of hadith pertaining specifically to Islamic Jurisprudence of the Shafi'i madhab. al-Hafidh ibn Hajar mentions who collected that hadith originally.

Bulugh al-Maram holds a unique distinction as all the hadith compiled in the book have been the foundation for Shafi'i Islamic Jurisprudence rulings. ASIN: B000FJJURU [edit]Other     books of Ahadith al-ahkam Tahdhib al-Athar by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari 'Umdah al-ahkam by Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi Al-Sunan al-Kubra by Ahmad Bayhaqi al-Muntaqa by Majd ibn Taymiyah explained by Muhammad ash-Shawkani in Nayl al-Awtar Sharh Muntaqa al-Akhbar . Because of its unique qualities. ibn Hajar also included a comparison between the versions of a hadith that came from different sources. [edit]Explanations   Al-Badr al-Tamam by al-Husain ibn Muhammad al-Maghribi Subul al-Salam by Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Amir al-Sana'ni. 1st edition (1996). Dar-usSalam. who abridged al-Badr al-Tamam [edit]Translation  Bulugh Al-Maram: Attainment of the Objective According to Evidence of the Ordinances . it still remains a widely used collection of hadith regardless of school of thought. In addition to mentioning the origins of each of the hadith in Bulugh al-Maram.