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Nama : Abikrisna Rekasina Ivanov NIM : 6511010002 Flow Meter Types Methods Parts/Component Accuracy Fluids Concern Maintenance

Safety

1. Orifice Fitting. Consist of an orifice plate and pressure taps

2% - 5%

Least potential to cause 1. Concentric Design, suited for Difficult to remove orifice harm to technician but gas, steam, water, air, and clean plate because it has spreading we need to aware liquid hydrocarbon bolts about any leakages Most simple due its few parts Least potential to cause and need to bypass the line harm to technician but while maintenance and need we need to aware to bypass the line while about any leakages maintenance Easy to maintenance because Least potential to cause it have crank to lift the plate harm to technician but but need to bypass the line we need to aware while maintenance about any leakages Need to bring Easy to maintenance because mitigation because the it have crank to lift the plate maintenance occur in and in online condition online condition

2. Simplex Fitting. Consist of clamping bar, sealing bar, and plate carrier Orifice Head (Differential Pressure) 3. Junior Fitting. Consist of clamping bar, sealing bar, plate carrier, and crank 4. Senior Fitting. Consist of cranking, dual chamber sealing, upper chamber, equalizer valve, slide valve, and lower chamber

2% - 5%

2. Eccentric Design, suited for liquid that contain gas

2% - 5%

3. Segmental Design, suited for liquids containig solids

2% - 5%

1. Transit Time. Consist of transducer upstream and transducer downstream Ultrasonic Flow Meter Ultrasonic

Liquid flowmeter : 1% in turbulent flow and 2,5% of rate over a 10:1 flow range Gas flowmeter : 2% 5% of rate over a 50:1 flow range

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, Difficult to maintenance Least potential to cause corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, because we need to open the harm to technician but low velocity flow, vapor or gas, pipe system, and block the we need to aware dirty gas or vapor, cryogenic line process about any leakages service, open channel

2. Doppler Effect. Consist of transmitting element, receiving element, and reflector

1% - 3% of rate over a 10:1 flow range for liquid flowmeters in turbulent flow

Dirty liquid, corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, abbrasive slurries, fibrous slurries, low velocity flow, non-newtonian

Difficult to maintenance Least potential to cause because we need to open the harm to technician but pipe system, and block the we need to aware line process about any leakages

1. In-line. Consist of upstream hanger unit, rotor unit assembly, pickup coil, housing downstream hanger unit, shaft, spring clip assembly, deflector ring, upstream cone, downstream cone, meter body Turbine Meter Turbine

0,15% over reduced flow range of 7:1 ; 0,25% over normal flow range of 10:1 ; 0,5% over external flow range of 7:1

2. Insertion. Consist of electrical connector, pressure chamber, isolation valve (optional), stub pipe, insertion tube with built-in electronic pickup

1%

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, low velocity flow, vapor or gas, high temp. service, cryogenic service, open channel More simple than in-line type to maintenance because it has fewer parts, but need to make correction if the meter is calibrated in a line of a different size than the line that will be used

Need more maintenance than other non-moving type meters because it has many equipment to overhaul and need to block the line process

Least potential to cause harm to technician but we need to make sure the process have been bypassed

Since this type can be repaired in online condition, we should bring mitigation such as fire extinguisher

Mass Flowmeter

Mass

1. Coriolis effect. Consist of flow sensor and flow tube

0,4%

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, Least potential to cause Need to elaborate mounting abbrasive slurries, fibrous harm to technician but because this flowmeter slurries, low velocity flow, vapor we need to make sure produce severe vibration by or gas, high temp. service, the process have been tightening any connection cryogenic service, nonbypassed newtonian Clean liquid, dirty liquid, Need to make sure the Very simple to maintenance corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, process line have been because the probe inserted abbrasive slurries, fibrous cooled, and bring into the pipeline and simply slurries, low velocity flow, vapor mitigation such as first use the valve to separate the or gas, high temp. service, nonaid if blister injury probe with the line newtonian occur

2. Thermal. Consist of terminal aux. , cable entry, probe, collet with gland packing, seal housing, safety collar, extension piece, valve

5% - 15%

Meter Prover

Meter

Consist of thermometer well, vent, pressuregauge, thermal relief valve, sphere detectors, match-bored flange, prover calibrated section, sphere displacer, inlet thermometer well, pulse generator, flowreversing valve with seal checking method, outlet block valve, main line block and bleed valve, strainer, totalizing counter, meter thermometer well, electronic meter-proving counter,

0,08%

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, low velocity flow, semi-filled valve, open channel

Need more effort to maintenance because there many parts of this meter

Make sure there are no fluids trapped in the line process because it maybe hazardous and need to bring mitigation