Reflection As Jesus was dying on the cross, he echoed the beginning of Psalm 22, which reads: My God, my God, why

have you abandoned me? Why are you so far away when I groan for help? Every day I call to you, my God, but you do not answer. Every night you hear my voice, but I find no relief. (vv. 1-2) In the words of the psalmist Jesus found a way to express the cry of his heart: Why had God abandoned him? Why did his Father turn his back on Jesus in his moment of greatest agony? This side of heaven, we will never fully know what Jesus was experiencing in this moment. Was he asking this question because, in the mystery of his incarnational suffering, he didn’t know why God had abandoned him? Or was his cry not so much a question as an expression of profound agony? Or was it both? What we do know is that Jesus entered into the Hell of separation from God. The Father abandoned him because Jesus took upon himself the penalty for our sins. In that excruciating moment, he experienced something far more horrible than physical pain. The beloved Son of God knew what it was like to be rejected by the Father. As we read in 2 Corinthians 5:21, “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God” (NIV). I can write these words. I can say, truly, that the Father abandoned the Son for our sake, for the salvation of the world. But can I really grasp the mystery and the majesty of this truth? Hardly. As Martin Luther once said, “God forsaking God. Who can understand it?” Yet even my miniscule grasp of this reality calls me to confession, to humility, to worship, to adoration. Questions for Reflection Have you taken time to consider that Jesus was abandoned by the Father so that you might not be? What does this “word” from the cross mean to you? Prayer O Lord Jesus, though I will never fully grasp the wonder and horror of your abandonment by the Father, every time I read this “word,” I am overwhelmed with gratitude. How can I ever thank you for what you suffered for me? What can I do but to offer myself to you in gratitude and praise? Thank you, dear Lord, for what you suffered. Thank you for taking my place. Thank you for being forsaken by the Father so that I might never be. When I survey On which the My richest gain And pour contempt on all my pride. the Prince I wondrous of glory count but cross, died, loss,

So. why hast thou forsaken me? Matthew 27:46. from his head. translated by George Lamsa . lama sabachthani? that is to say. my God. and went along with the whole plan without hesitation or self-pity.Forbid it. mine. Eli. but he apparently chose not to resist. which was probably the language that Jesus spoke: And about the ninth hour. Here are two translations from Aramaic. God. saying. my all. that Save in the death of All the vain things that I sacrifice them to his blood. Eli. small. Jesus cried out with a loud voice and said. perhaps the King James translation has missed the point of this quotation. feet. most. Were the whole That were a Love so Demands my soul. Jesus seems to have lived every moment totally immersed in God's Divine Presence. my life. my God. meet. hands. lmana shabachthani! which means. his flow I should Christ my charm me boast. Eli. Lord. Sorrow and love Did e’er such love Or thorns compose so rich a crown. King James Version However. his mingled and sorrow of far so nature too “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross” by Isaac Watts (1707) My God. and according to the Gospels seems to have been fully aware of the entire plot that would eventually lead to his crucifixion. See. it is often useful to consider other translations and to also look at the ancient roots of the words. my God. Eli. He could have run away before the soldiers came to get him. Could there be an alternative translation that offers some new insight into this remarkable situation? Since translation is more of an art than a science. My God. divine. My God. realm present amazing. why hast thou forsaken me? The King James Version of the New Testament says: And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice. the translation "My God. down. why hast thou forsaken me?" just doesn't seem tell the whole story. for this I was kept! Matthew 27:46.

God. or was he fully aware that a Divine plan was being fulfilled by his death? Was it a time of anxiety and isolation or just another day at the office? It is very interesting to note that the Greek text of Matthew attempts to preserve the original words of Jesus. forgive. The Greek word translated forsaken. or to leave in the sense of sparing or allowing to remain. My God. would Jesus have felt forsaken as customarily depicted in the King James translation. while controversial and strikingly different from the King James Version. "Forsaken" is the wrong choice for the translation in this verse. and "for what purpose" 3 times. That is. reserve. by Rev Wayne Clapp Regardless of whether we read the Greek or the Aramaic. Wayne Clapp who suggests that either the Greek or the Aramaic could be interpreted in an alternative manner: There is probably no scripture more misunderstood than Jesus’ cry from the cross. allow. here is a brief summary of a rather lengthy article by Rev. since Jesus taught us to rise above the narrow confines of selfcenteredness and self-pity in order that we may live every moment of our lives loving God and loving one another. or spare. Why all the attention to these words? Even more intriguing is the fact that in the Greek text. The context determines the meaning. the appropriate translation will depend upon one's own point of view. can mean to leave in the sense of forsaking and abandoning." Lama. "what" 5 times. For some reason. or lemana means "why" or "for what purpose" and always introduces a question. translated by LWM Those translations from the Aramaic. these words have been first transliterated into Greek phonetics and then followed with the exact same phrase translated into Greek. "Eli" means "my God. Why hast thou forsaken me?" Did Jesus Christ really utter these words? Would Jesus have accused his heavenly Father of such an act of desertion? Did God really abandon His only begotten son as he was dying on the cross? The difficulty with Matthew 26:47 is due to an error in translation. "Sabachthani" comes from sebaq meaning to leave. seem to be much more in accord with the principles and ministry of Jesus' life. there was a deliberate decision to preserve the only these few original words of Jesus.And about the ninth hour. Jesus cried with a loud voice and said. "God. "My God. Why did the Greeks record this passage in both Aramaic and . It occurs 53 times in the Aramaic-English Interlinear New Testament (#1584) and it is translated "why" 45 times. For some further insight into interpreting the words of Matthew. why have you spared me?" Matthew 27:46.

Jesus knew exactly what was happening. they can never offer any lasting happiness. Does that sound like someone who would feel forsaken? On the contrary. however the Hebrew words in Psalm 22:1 are somewhat different from the words in Matthew 27:46. Rather than run or hide. If one were to be flayed or crucified one would not mind. Clearly. In fact. and one feels it worthwhile to be living and looking at this phenomenon that gives one in one's lifetime the proof of the existence of God. or their possessions above God will indeed suffer and cry in self-pity and self-made torment. that we must rise above our self-centered concerns such as selfishness and self-pity. Jesus showed us that he would not be distracted from his ministry of Love where the greatest of principles is to rise above one's own self-centered concerns in order to "Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart. only the Divine Presence of God offers everlasting peace and joy.. another world is opened before one. for one rises above all pain and suffering. yet as we read the entire Psalm. Self-centered concerns such as possessions and money will all come and go. their body. Those who choose to put their ego. but he did not run away. had overcome his self-pity and was living every moment in the glory of God. Jesus chose to go along with whole plan. Jesus told us. When one is able to see the works of God in life. and showed us. Jesus knew that he was being betrayed. the greatest interest in life. (Luke 16:9-13) That is one of the great messages of the crucifixion. Jesus went peacefully and lovingly into the hands of his captors knowing that he would be crucified. He knew of his impending death." (Luke 10:27). Jesus told us: "No servant can serve two masters". The crux of this matter is: Was Jesus expressing self-pity? or was he giving us a greater message? To me the answer is clear. while those who put God above themselves will see the glory of God everywhere and will thereby discover both true love and life eternal. then a man does not look at the world as everybody else does.Greek? Perhaps to assure that someday the correct translation would be fully understood despite the potentially confusing translation of Jesus' words into Greek? Some say that Jesus was quoting from Psalm 22. just as the psalmist. He could have escaped to avoid capture. for he begins to see not only the machine going on but the engineer standing by its side. .. and could have easily gone into hiding rather than being captured. knowing full well that he was to be crucified.. perhaps Jesus was proclaiming that he. he stayed and even threw a big dinner party to celebrate the occasion. but he did not. but it is intended to help us to rise far above our own selfcentered despair and focus our attention on the eternal wonder and glory of the Divine Presence. if in fact Jesus' words were an echo of this Psalm. making the machine work. it becomes apparent that the goal of this seemingly dreary Psalm is not to wallow in self-pity. This offers a still greater interest. So..

and it’s quite a deep pit for speculators to fall into. if not troubling. Here’s the passage: 45 Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice. while showing all of mankind an example of selfless action. “This Man is calling for Elijah!” 48 Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge. – Matt 27:45-50 It would probably seem unthinkable to us that God would actually “forsake” Jesus. lama sabachthani?” that is. for what am I being set free? which might be paraphrased as: My Sweet Lord. “Let Him alone. “Eli. in other words. Eli. became the payment for our sins. saying. There are some passages that are used to help back up this notion. we’re told that God. My God. what great works will we do next? And most importantly. 49 The rest said. why? First of all. Nature On that day of crucifixion. My God. filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed.” 50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice. This next verse says something similar: . Most people realize this is quoted by Jesus toward the end of his crucifixion. “My God. and offered it to Him to drink. these inspiring words are not merely a comment from 2000 years ago. said. let us see if Elijah will come to save Him. But is that what happened? There are definitely some today who think that could have been the case. why have You forsaken Me?”[k] 47 Some of those who stood there. but if we are courageous enough these words are guidance for each of us today. My God. that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. 21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us. – 2 Cor 5:21 Here.from The Sufi Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan. saying: My God. let’s take a look at the context of this passage. excitedly wondering what God would do with him next. Jesus cried out in joy. when they heard that. here in his darkest hour. in effect. confident of his eternal life. and confident that God's plan will be far more marvelous than anything we could have ever imagined. wondering what wondrous adventure God had in mind for him next. eager to see how God's plan will unfold. and yielded up His spirit. Volume XI. Did God really forsake Jesus as he hung on the cross? And if so. encouraging us to fearlessly give whatever we have for the glory of God. Christ. “My God. Why Hast Thou Forsaken Me?” What did Jesus mean when he said that? That passage can be kind of confusing. “made Christ be sin” so that we could become righteous.

then you could read the passage for yourself. not only did he bear the physical pain of crucifixion. God sees all. Cornelius is told that his prayers and alms have come up as an offering before God. Psalm 22 was written for Jesus’s crucifixion. Him rescue Me. phrases such as “he bore the sin of many” and “has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows” are used in relation to him. When taken with Habakuk 1:13. – 1 Peter 2:24 Isaiah 53 is a prophecy concerning Christ’s death on the cross. Personally. My heart is like wax. I could be wrong about that. The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. since He delights in Him!” . he quoted the first verse of this psalm.24 who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree. but he bore the spiritual pain of sin’s guilt. the verse goes on to ask God why he looks on the iniquities of the wicked. I also tend to take the other passages that mention Christ bearing our sins as merely stating that he was the payment for them. For one thing. I find it very moving. Other parts of it refer to some of the specific things that were done at the crucifixion. You have brought Me to the dust of death. Him. I highly recommend reading it. Some people take these passages to mean that Christ literally had the guilt of our sins placed upon him. whether we’re saved or not. which says that God can’t look upon evil. Finally. And My tongue clings to My jaws. if you clicked on that link to Habakuk. in Acts 10. . Furthermore. So. they shake 8 “He trusted[b] in the LORD. and this was before he had even been saved. 16 For dogs have surrounded Me. And all My bones are out of joint. then it would seem possible that God could indeed have “turned his back” on his son during the crucifixion. But when Christ was crucified. I tend to think these passages are worded somewhat figuratively. (and I’ve kind of saved the best for last) when Jesus said “My God. my God. I’m not sure that I take such a literal view. So we know God is completely aware of the thoughts and intents of each one of us. There are many things I don’t understand about God or the way our spiritual natures work. saying. not that he had to actually bear them. Still. To me. 15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd. I don’t take the statement that “God can’t look on sin” literally. Notice this passage: 7 All those who see Me They shoot out the lip. why hast thou forsaken me?” he was actually quoting a psalm. and several times. Doesn’t that remind you of the mocking Jesus received as he hung on the cross? There is also this passage: 14 I am poured out like water. First of all. Obviously.Ps 22:7-8 ridicule the head. let Let Him deliver Him. It has melted within Me.

They pierced[c] My hands and 17 I can count all They look and stare 18 They divide My garments And for My clothing they cast lots. they did divide his garments and cast lots for Here’s the link. O LORD. All you descendants of Jacob. Why Did Why -by Tony Warren Christ Hast say. – Ps 22:14-18 My at among My feet. from Him. though none of his bones were broken. Me?" . Me. Christ’s hands and feet were nailed to the cross. 22 I will declare Your name to In the midst of the assembly I will 23 You who fear the LORD. And fear Him. dog. Hopefully this brief look at this passage has been useful to you. www. Let’s make sure we do all we can to spread it.carm. praise You. It sounds as though God was with him through it all – that he didn’t leave his son. – Ps 22:19-24 (emphasis My brethren. praise Him! glorify Him. the part of the Psalm that most leads me to think that God was with him throughout the entire ordeal is in this section: 19 But You. of Israel! of the afflicted. do not be O My Strength. While I was compiling some of this information. It’s just another great example of how well the Bible fits together into one powerful message. that had some information as well.Finally. It seems to me that when Christ was crucified. and as the second part mentions. mouth the of lion’s This entire psalm is extremely beautiful. We can go back and read something David wrote long before Christ was even born that tells of the awful suffering he bore. he quoted this psalm as a comfort for him and for us. Thou "My God. all you offspring 24 For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction Nor has He hidden His face But when He cried to Him. The first part describes (rather poetically) some of the physical effects of crucifixion. them. but also of the wonderful salvation that was the result. He heard. I also ran across an apologetics site. Forsaken my God. and I think this last section paints an incredible picture of hope. Me! sword. who had done no wrong. if you’re interested in looking at it. added) far from help the Me. bones. hasten to 20 Deliver Me from My precious life from the power 21 Save Me from the And from the horns of the wild oxen! You have answered Me. to suffer on the cross alone.

and He knew perfectly well what He had to do and why He had to do it. indeed it was this knowledge that brought Him to Jerusalem. why hast thou forsaken me?" Matthew 27:45-46 • • "Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. Others surmise that Christ had lost all hope. and how the true deliverance of Israel would take place. my God. and if He didn't. It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away. When we read "the whole" of scripture in context. it was a mystery to the people of Israel. John 18:11 • "Then said Jesus unto Peter. sorrow hath filled your heart. and a physical rather than spiritual deliverance. Even as the bitter vinegar that Christ drank signified. The nature of the "required" atonement wasn't a mystery to Him. my God. Christ had a moment of weakness where "as a human" He succumbed under the weight of His terrible suffering. He "completed" or "finished" the task that He willingly went to the cross to accomplish. John 19:30 . It was not a secret to Him that man would be healed by His stripes. and that His human soul was unable to fully understand why the father had abandoned Him. He knew He had to suffer the wrath of God that He was forsaken and die for the elect. These things were not hid from Him. Yes. Eli. which we deserved. And this can be easily proven by a myriad of clear passages where Christ foretold His suffering. shall I not drink it?" It's a rhetorical question. John 16:6-7 • • "But because I have said these things unto you. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice. For they (much like the Premillennialists today) expected a political king. It would take place by Him drinking the bitter dregs of the judgment in the cup of His fury. not concentrating on a few select verses. the Comforter will not come unto you. saying. My God. Nevertheless I tell you the truth. I will send him unto you. But none of this speculation has any sound support in the scriptures. Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me. of the more puzzling things for many Christians is the plaintive question that Christ uttered on the cross in His cry of. So these ideas that He was surprised make no sense. it's a bitter cup that Christ knew that He had to drink for the sake of the elect." Christ knew that He had to go to the cross to suffer the wrath of God. But Christ knew exactly what the nature of the sacrifice was. but if I depart. the election would not be comforted of the Holy Spirit. lama sabachthani? that is to say. why hast thou forsaken me?" There are some critics who suggest that in these three hours of darkness. we can see very quickly that Christ never faltered for one moment. They are all theories that are at odds with the Biblical facts. "My God. an earthly kingdom. considering all that Christ Himself declared of His mission.

So in Christ quoting this Psalm. if it be possible.• "When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar. He would not drink of it (Matthew 27:33-34). Psalms 22:1 • . So if this is all true. And therein we will "see" what these words He spoke signifies and pertains to. let this cup pass from me . then how do we answer the objection of why Jesus prayed. is to completely ignore all His teachings on these subjects. This is the key to understanding why the Lord would say this. " O my Father. is the application of God's revealed will concerning the atonement for sin by the wrath of God poured out upon man." He wasn't complaining as an eternal example of His own unusually weak (for God's people) fortitude or His delicate nature.My God. or complaining. He was laden with our sins. and He willingly drank it. The reason that He would not drink at this time is because it was the beginning. Jesus Christ. And as Christ hung on the cross. or that He was unaware of the meaning of the words of that Psalm. My God. It is finished: and he bowed his head. this is a great offense. And His question in Psalms 22:1 of." And why did He cry. why hast thou forsaken me " when He already knew perfectly well? The answer is that all these things were said and done of God for "man's benefit. why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me. To suppose that He was rebuking God by this comment." Indeed. "My God." is answered in Psalms 22:3. He was revealing that it prophesied of Him and how He would atone for the sins of man against a holy God. "My God. Psalms 22:3 • "But thou art holy. It was a sign of the completion of His work and the accomplishment of the cross. clearly He was consciously quoting this Psalm as an illustration to all that would come after. He surely knew what these scriptures "actually" meant concerning His suffering. and from the words of my roaring?" When Christ called out to God in this manner. And you will note that when they offered Him that vinegar "before the time" of completion. my God. He said these things as a reference key for us to unlock the words of the prophets and the psalms that spoke of these things. as the living "Word of God" in the flesh. These words make manifest the agony and suffering that Christ was under as He is intimately and personally identified with the judgment of God upon man for sin. and His work was not yet "finished. God is exhorting His people to search the scriptures and compare scripture with scripture. Because to a holy God. that sin is abhorrent to. . and gave up the ghost. My God." This is what His "receiving" the cup of Vinegar just before saying it is Finished signified. O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel." That is why God had forsaken Him. or His frail humanity. He certainly knew the cup He had to drink to accomplish His task. he said. why hast Thou forsaken Me. In other words. Christ is revealing to us by these comments that "He" was the God-Man prophesied to come as the Saviour of Israel.. that He was fulfilling this Old Testament prophecy.

" Since Peter had just confessed that Jesus was the Messiah (Mark 8:29) that was prophesied to come. and in three days I will raise it up. And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent. and He knew that the Father had to administer that judgment. But when he had turned about and looked on his disciples. He knew the cup was handed to Him of God. In short. him ye believe not. And Peter took him. the same works that I do. he rebuked Peter. and scribes. nor seen his shape." The works were not completely finished until He died on the cross. but the sign of the prophet Jonas: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly. thus to say anything less makes a mockery of the doctrine of Christ. and began to rebuke him. and be rejected of the elders. Mark 8:31-33 • • • "And he began to teach them. Destroy this temple. For Christ knew and spoke of the work of the atonement. and there shall no sign be given to it. so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. saying. Matthew 12:39-40 • • "But he answered and said unto them. which hath sent me. that the Father hath sent me. atonement and resurrection. hath borne witness of me. that the Son of man must suffer many things. And the Father himself. is to completely convolute his entire ministry. for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. purpose. and be killed. An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign. And he spake that saying openly. bear witness of me. He explained to the Apostles the true nature of His Kingdom. He knew He had to die for sins. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time. but the things that be of men. it was incumbent upon Christ to take the opportunity to correct their conceptions of Him as an earthly king who would deliver them from literal subjection by the Romans. Get thee behind me.John 5:36-39 • • • • "But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish." ." John 2:19 • "Jesus answered and said unto them. He knew He had to suffer for the iniquity of many. suffering. For us to think that Christ was unable to understand fully His abandonment by God the Father as the sacrifice for us. Search the scriptures. and of the chief priests. and after three days rise again. Satan: for thou savourest not the things that be of God.

and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. I thirst. and put it to his mouth. Of course He understood this. This is the divine mystery of the trinity. and put it upon hyssop. His words are in no way meant to convey the idea that the Father. It was not because He was weaker than most other mortal men were. this cry of thirst was part of the Messianic psalms being fulfilled. John 10:17-18 • • "Therefore doth my Father love me. why hast thou forsaken me?" The fact is. Christ did these things because He knew the plan. This is their conclusion because He speaks as a man would and cried. are wrong. and gave up the ghost. It is finished: and he bowed his head. Of course He suffered in the flesh. and why He would rise again. just before He died on the cross we see a vivid illustration of this. why He had to die. For God is three in one inseparable. He often told us this "point blank. In fact." This whole belief that Christ was physically weak because of his humanity and had no divine knowledge of what the cost was or what He was saying. had left the Son in any sense except in judging sin. immutable and omniscient. and yet some believe because He was fully human He didn't understand His true mission of death and resurrection. because I lay down my life. John 19:28-30 • • • "After this. Christ knew perfectly God was with Him (He said so) and He knew perfectly well what He had to suffer. and He wanted us to know that He was the Saviour that was fulfilling scripture.So those who say that Christ lacked the divine knowledge because He "emptied" Himself and was merely human. saith. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar. that I might take it again. he said. that the scripture might be fulfilled. "by His stripes we are healed?" Christ was the greatest teacher of law that man has ever seen." . But are we to suppose that Christ didn't understand what the scripture really meant in saying. I have power to lay it down. For this hour was He born. the first person of the Trinity. "My God. Psalms 69:21-22 • • "They gave me also gall for my meat. let it become a trap. Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished. Christ said these things that we would know that Old Testament scripture was being fulfilled in the man Christ. but I lay it down of myself. is antithetical to the gospel message. and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. No man taketh it from me. My God. and of course God was His help. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar. Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare." Clearly. Of course He understood His lot was to suffer." For example.

or because He was dejected. So there is no need to minimize the inseparable nature of the Father with the Son. Indeed. He was made a curse wherein God's wrath was called down upon Him "for our" sakes. but "for the benefit" of the faithful who would read it. or had a lack of faith and felt some failing of God. and a stone of stumbling to another. He was fully God and fully man. and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him. As Christ they can be a precious stone to one. All we like sheep have gone astray. and with his stripes we are healed. Galatians 3:13 • "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law." a vivid illustration of God forsaking God. smitten of God. keys and bookmarks to the faithful. that we.. and He knew what was required. should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. and suffered the punishment for them that we deserved. He referenced it. 1st Peter 2:24 • "Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree." Isaiah 53:4-6 • • • "Surely he hath borne our griefs. It was because He understood the Psalms perfectly. Isaiah 53:4 is fulfilled because Christ consciously put Himself in our place. being made a curse for us: for it is written. is like confessing that God was made flesh. it was for "this hour" that God became flesh to fulfill this prophecy. we were under the curse of the law. but then . being dead to sins. We should not speculate or surmise that He didn't understand things. And yet He went to the cross to accept the cup "willingly" because He was not a mere man like everyone else. even as they are simultaneously a snare to the faith-less.e. in the flesh. Christ's cry wasn't because He was a man. that scripture show He "quite obviously" did understand. But he was wounded for our transgressions. These comments are guideposts. i. be forsaken "in our stead. Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:" This is the mystery of God forsaking God. yet superior in all aspects in order that He might endure the wrath of God "for us. And to try and separate God from the man Christ who hung on the cross. God became flesh that He might take it upon himself. thus in order to redeem us from that curse. He was a superior man who understood fully the bitter dregs of the cup He must drink. the supreme mystery of the gospel. or trivialize the deity of Christ by implying He cried out to God because He didn't know what the extent of His suffering would be.He knew what was coming. and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken. we have turned every one to his own way. Christ was Himself. not for Himself. made sin for us." He sacrificed Himself of His own free will knowing that is the only way that man could be made righteous. bore our sins. and afflicted. and thus He knew the ties the prophecy had to His suffering." Of course He understood this prophecy.

He did not cry out over mere human suffering or despair. My God. to every soldier a part. He was literally suffering the pangs of hell for us. Forsaken. Psalms 22:18 • "They part my garments among them. "My God. woven from the top throughout. to the stake.. particularly chapter 22. i. And that is why God had forsaken Him.e. but because God is illustrating that in essence." In Psalms 22 is revealed God's rejection of Christ because He stands in as representative for man as the second Adam (1st Corinthians 15:22." that God had prophesied this. we were in the body of Christ (Romans 6:6-11). Christ asserts that He has been forsaken and rejected by both God and man. Just as the Apostle John directs us to this same Psalm when testifying of the death of Christ. Christ suffered as a divine-human. Holy God could have stopped His wrath at any time. Search the Messianic psalms. but of pointing out. and made four parts. why hast thou forsaken me?" The very question implies there truly was a forsaking in some sense.45) laden with our sins. and to suffer thus. yet in the sense of payment for our sins. He's "speaking on our behalf" as our stand in. They said therefore among themselves. He had become sin for us (2nd Corinthians 5:21). So the answer to the rhetorical question of "why. Let us not rend it. Christ spoke these words not because of His humanity as many suppose. Christ was separated from God. His wasn't a cry of despair because He was a man. Because Christ had the sin of all the elect laid upon Him. took his garments. and also his coat: now the coat was without seam. They parted my raiment among them." These things were done for a specific reason. have gone triumphantly to torture without crying out as Christ did? They went to the cross. These things therefore the soldiers did. and His promise to Abraham abrogated. So He had to forsake Him for the sake of the elect. It is a verbal key that directs and unlocks other passages "when we" compare scripture with scripture." is because He had the body of the iniquity of us all. an atonement that is beyond our comprehension. He is sure that in the end God will be His help and his faith will be . It was so that scripture could be fulfilled that spoke of Christ. but cast lots for it. which saith. and for my vesture they did cast lots. so that could never be. and also consider the prophecy of Isaiah. when they had crucified Jesus. "that the scripture might be fulfilled. Our Saviour God was taking that suffering as a substitute for us. He was forsaken in the sense that God allowed Him to suffer and die upon the cross for the sins of man. and cast lots upon my vesture. and it was for our benefit. to be burned in fires. whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled. every form of torment and punishment.abandoned it when needed most. but then the elect would have been condemned with the rest of the world. eaten by lions. He records: John 19:23-24 • • "Then the soldiers. and are we to believe that Christ couldn't do this without crying out as if He'd lost all hope? God forbid! Why then did God cry. This is the same key that is pointing us to the very same Messianic psalm chapter 22." and continues His faithfulness. Yet in the psalms we see the "faith of Christ" as He still trusts "His God. God is faithful. Would we really believe that the prophets of old and the martyrs who were mere men. And it was "we" who deserved to be forsaken of God.

" He was forsaken for our sins. for our iniquities. let him hear. Why hast thou forsaken me?" Chiefly. why hast thou forsaken me. nor forsake thee. and to rise from the dead the third day:" From these scriptures we know that Christ was aware what He was getting into. My God. Because of His finished work. and thus it behoved Christ to suffer. Christ took upon Himself the judgment that we deserved for our sins. that all things must be fulfilled. and of the Father. we know God will never leave or forsake us. These are the words which I spake unto you. Thus the mystery is revealed. and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding. and in the prophets. Amen! .justified. And Christ quotes these Psalms and other scriptures that we might search them out and consider them wisely. The glory of these things are revealed through searching out the matter. who is gracious above all. grant us wisdom and understanding in the knowledge of His blessed word. to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God. Joyfully. it illustrated the purpose of Christ in absorbing the darkness of Hell that we deserved in God forsaking us. and of Christ (Colossians 2:2). our hearts may be comforted. concerning me. May the Lord. So that when the great darkness fell across Calvary for three hours. and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said. And because we know the answer to His plaintive question "why. In His eternal love for the elect. So what comfort might be drawn from the question of. that we would never have to fear being forsaken. "My God. I will never leave thee." we have full assurance of our completed redemption. " My God. being knit together in love. Hebrews 13:5 • "Let your conversation be without covetousness. He said it that we might understand that He was forsaken for us. while I was yet with you." He was directing us to the magnificent Messianic truths of Psalms chapter 22. and in the psalms. And said unto them. that they might understand the scriptures. When our Lord said. But He uttered these phrases that the scriptures might be "seen" to be fulfilled. Thus it is written." He who hath an ear. which were written in the law of Moses. for our transgressions. Luke 24:44-46 • • • "And he said unto them. my God. Then opened he their understanding. Proverbs 25:2 • "It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter. that we are comforted in knowing that by faith Christ was forsaken of God.

Eli. turned His back upon the Son. 14). Jesus quoted Psalm 22:1 which begins with. Jesus quoted this Psalm in order to draw attention to it and the fact that He was fulfilling it there on the cross. . The term 'dogs' was used by the Jews to refer to Gentiles (cf. Matt. in a sense. Dehydration occurs (v. why would He say this? First of all. A band of evildoers has encompassed me. And Thou dost lay me in the dust of death. for trouble is near. Psalm 22 was written about 1000 years before Christ was born. Consider verses 11-18 in Psalm 22: Be not far from me. So. "Eli. At that time. The spiritual one must have been even greater. It says in Hab. A further comment 2 Cor. when Jesus became sin on our behalf. At that time. My heart is like wax. And all my bones are out of joint. And my tongue cleaves to my jaws. That shows us clearly how much God loves us. spiritually. it is possible that when Jesus bore our sins in His body on the cross (1 Pet." It is possible that at some moment on the cross. the Son may have cried out. For there is none to help. why have you forsaken Me?" In Matthew 27:45-46. 46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice. Strong bulls of Bashan have encircled me. the Phoenicians developed it and Rome borrowed the agonizing means of execution from them. Verses 16b-18 speak of piercing His hands and feet and dividing his clothing by casting lots. lama sabachthani?" that is. 15:21-28). in excruciating pain. Actually. 2:24). when Rome ruled over Israel. saying. it became the Roman means of capital punishment imposed upon the Jews whose biblical means of execution was stoning. it says. 15). They look. crucifixion had not yet been invented. 17 I can count all my bones.Why did Jesus cry out. During the crucifixion process. As a ravening and a roaring lion. "My God. 13 They open wide their mouth at me. they stare at me. 18 They divide my garments among them. And for my clothing they cast lots. The physical pain was immense. We have no capacity to appreciate the utterly horrific experience of having the sins of the world put upon the Lord Jesus as He hung. that God the Father. 16 For dogs have surrounded me. Therefore. "My God. turned away. "My God. His heart has melted within Him (v. 14 I am poured out like water. 5:21 says. It is melted within me. This is exactly what happen as described in Matt. Jesus is pointing to the scriptures to substantiate His messianic mission. 27:35. that the Father. My God. 1:13 that God is too pure to look upon evil. "Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour. They pierced my hands and my feet. 12 Many bulls have surrounded me. One thing is for sure. why hast Thou forsaken Me?" If Jesus is God. the blood loss causes the heart to beat harder and harder and become extremely fatigued. "He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf. My God. that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. 15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd. from that cross. Nevertheless. why hast Thou forsaken Me?". My God.

and suffering by which. harmless. He was experiencing separation from God for the only time in all of eternity. Eli. why have you forsaken me?"" Answer: “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice. it was not His sin – it was ours. He redeemed us from the curse of the law. It is certain that God approved His work. that He might bring us near to God. on our account. and obedient . doubtless. so He felt the loneliness and abandonment that sin always produces. “God made Him who had no sin to be sin for us. Jesus was expressing His feelings of abandonment as God placed the sins of the world on Him – and because of that had to “turn away” from Jesus. My God. It was this. my God. In those awful moments. This cry is a fulfillment of Psalm 22:1. we can be saved from eternal death. Eli. It is certain that He was innocent. It was the manifestation of God’s hatred of sin. and He died in our place. saying. that by his stripes we are healed” (Isaiah 53:4-5). It has been difficult to understand in what sense Jesus was “forsaken” by God. so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God. . Isaiah tells us that “he bore our griefs and carried our sorrows.holy. and by which alone. except that in His case. He had done nothing to forfeit the favor of God. that he was wounded for our transgressions. In none of these senses could God have forsaken Him. why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46).Question: "Why did Jesus say. that Jesus experienced in that terrible hour. As His own Son . undefiled. being made a curse for us (Galatians 3:13).” Jesus became sin for us. As Jesus was feeling that weight of sin.God still loved Him. He was made a sin-offering. and bruised for our iniquities. my God. in some way which He has not explained. However. "My God. It was at this time that 2 Corinthians 5:21 occurred. which caused His intense sufferings. one of many parallels between that psalm and the specific events of the crucifixion. that the chastisement of our peace was laid upon him. It was suffering endured by Him that was due to us. lama sabachthani? that is to say.