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14 views4 pagesAn ansolved problem in maths

Apr 03, 2009

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An ansolved problem in maths

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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An ansolved problem in maths

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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You are on page 1of 4

“Separate an angle to three equals using ruler without numbers

and a divider” in the ancient Greece.

http://www.telemath.gr/mathematical_ancient_times/unsolved_

mathematical_problems/unsolved.php#2

try to solve this problem without to achieve it, so they try to find

other ways to solve this problem, not using ruler(without

number) and a divider but with an auxiliary curve .

Α:Random point

O1O2 = O2 OZ

I make circles (O1 , R), (O2 , R) με O1O2 = R , I draw a beeline ε 1 ⊥ O1O2 .

From the random point Α I draw a radius AO2 = AO1 = AZ

∆ ∆

ΑO1 ∆ = ΑΟ2 ∆ because AO2 = AO1 = AZ ,ΔΑ:common side,

O1 A = O2 A

⇒ A1 = A3

A1 + A3

therefore A1 =

2

∆ ∆

O1 AO2 = O2 AZ because O1O2 = R = O2 Z and AO1 = AO2 = AZ

therefore ( A1 + A3 ) = A2

So the angle A1 + A2 is separated to three equals

d1 = A1O2 , d 2 = A1 B1 , O2 A2 = A2 B2 = P

∩

ε 2 // ε 1 , Μ:the middle of Β2∆

let’s imagine that we have a strand with a constant lenght

2Ρ, which is moving on the beeline ε 1 and at an area of the

circumference of the circle (O2 , R) .

While the strand is moving to the point A1 , the distance d 2

became longer and the distance d1 became shorter

∩

( The circumference Β 2 Μ IS ALLOWABLE AREA WHERE

WE HAVE THE LENGHT 2P )

d 2 − Γ1Β1 = Ρ

d1 + d 2 = 2 P ⇒ d1 = 2 P − ( P + Γ1Β1 ) ⇒ d1 = P − Γ1Β1

At the moment when we don’t know the beeline ε 2 we don’t

∩

know the allowable area of the circumference Β 2 Μ . So from the

∩

point Μ which is the middle of Β 2 ∆ we draw MA3 // A2 B2

We can prove that the point Μ is belong to the beeline O1O2

when it will be extended.

∩

bow Β 2 ∆ of each corresponded angle ∆Α1Β1 which we want to

separate to three equals.

^

So if we want to separate an angle Α to three equals we do the

following steps.

beeline O1O2 until the circumference of the circle (O2 , R) )

O2 A3 + A3 M

- d1 + d 2 = 2 P = O2 A3 + A3 M ⇒ P = 2

-From the point O2 I draw a radius Ρ which που intersect the

beeline ε 1 to the point A2 .

-From the point A2 we draw a radius Ρ which intersect the

circumference of the circle to the point B2 .

^ ^

-We configure the transferee angle ∆Α 2 Β 2 = ∆Α 3 Μ which is

separated to three equals.

Evagoras Savva Georgiou

Apsiou-Limassol

Cyprus

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