MAY 3, 2013

Defense Mechanisms

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Appreciative Inquiry The Abilene Paradox Authenticity, Seven Skills (Carkhuff) Change Theories Readiness formula Why Change Fails Characteristics of Culture Cross Functional Teams Defense Mechanisms – Gestalt (Perls) Feedback: A Constructive Guide Feeling Words Feedback: Clean vs. Dirty Humanistic Psychology (Rogers) Leadership Quotes Making Demands: Skill Assesment Meaning Making Nine Performance Variables Self Soothing Skill – Will Matrix Wants and Offers Matrix

Defense Mechanisms – Gestalt (Perls)
Common “reactive” responses to feedback (R.A.P.I.D) Gestalt (Fritz Perls) RetroflexionRetroflection “The act of bending backwards”Taking the feedback too far the other way. It’s all my fault… It’s always my fault. If I’m responsib le for everything, then I don’t have to risk feeling vulnerab le. Attribution “Assigning to a cause or source”To assume, interpret, and judge the feedback. You must be saying that because you are jealous… You’re responsib le for everything; it’s all outside of me. Projection “a defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else.”Seeing in the other person what is being presented. What I pay attention to in you is really unowned b y me. The behavior that aggravates me in you is something I should look at in myself. Positive projection is what’s unclaimed in me when I “shine the light” positively on another Introjection “the unconscious incorporation of the values, attitudes, and qualities of another person into the individual’s own egostructure” Swallowing something whole. Joe says I’m an idiot, and I start to feel bad because I believe I’m an idiot. Values, attitudes, b eliefs that I’ve b een taught and lived unchallenged until I b ump into conflict – (voices in our heads) Deflection Backing away from the information.Denying its validity completely. Changing the subject instead. Confluence (two rivers coming together) – when two people parallel each other and never risk disagreement We desire authentic interaction, and yet we develop behavior that keeps us from getting it. Our defenses are things we typically do without thinking when we feel vulnerable. It’s important to have defense mechanism – they are useful and healthy. The problem is when these mechanism gets in the way of our learning. When talking about defense mechanisms, these are typically things we do unconsciously.

Applying the above defense mechanisms to Family Systems, Virginia Satir in “Peoplemaking”, identified four types of family systems: cf.: Communication Skills, p 57-70



5/3/13 Blaming Defense Mechanisms It’s your fault. Computing not paying attention to heart or feelings.Confluence and Introjection are the primary defense mechanisms.It is a way of disappearing. logical – talk about politics Tw eet Like 5 Return to top of page Copyright © 2013 ·Education Theme on Genesis Framework · WordPress · Log in www. This is both Attribution and Projection Distracting Members don’t answer anything directly. peace at any price. “if only you wouldn’t…”At extremes. a psychopath will never own responsibility. rolling over. losing self.primarygoals. Deflection is the primary defense mechanism Placating Submissive.org/general/defense-mechanisms/ 2/2 . surrendering to other person. rational.

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