AN OBSOLETE PC S BASED SUPERCOMPUTING PROTOTYPE USING DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

SYNOPSIS

OBJECTIVE
“We are living in a world where the technology influences us and our environment every day.” It seems as it’s a Virtual world; the atmosphere is being poisoned, and people do not care! This is our planet; our future generations are going to survive here. It really is not something to laugh about. A nation dumps 300 to 400 million electronic items per year and less than 20% of that e-waste is recycled. It’s indeed energy efficient to rebuild old computers, but only about 2% of PCs ever find their way to a second user, and only 10% of cell phones are recycled. This means the persisting e-waste end up in landfills. Because computer processing power multiplies approximately every two years, huge number of old computers are being abandoned. We here, are making an effort to “go Green” because E-waste is the largest source of lead in solid waste. The Cluster Computing will not only help in achieving an ultra-fast processing, but also in redeeming the Environment by reducing the perishable waste of old PCs. In-fact, a High-end or Supercomputing is something that is awe-inspiring; the stuff of dreams! We all want to see one, sit and work on one. The core point of anxiety is that we can choose to save 10 years of our salary to blow up in 3 minutes with a supercomputer; or just whack up the friends with this Endeavour along-with serving to our Environment! We choose the succeeding way.

METHODOLOGY
The beauty of this project is that we can use idle PCs without changing any of the contents on hard drive, or ruining somebody’s work. The cluster of PCs can be set-up easily by using a Network Switch, RJ45 cables and some PCs. In order to begin, we make a computer as a Server computer; a Server computer must have a working CD/DVD Drive and Client computers with a Network Card capable of booting from LAN. The Operating System which will allow computers to cluster up and perform parallel computing, using the technique so-called as Message Passing Interface (MPI), is a Linux Live CD of Pelican HPC (High-Performance Cluster). While it is possible to boot system from pen drive, it is highly recommended to burn an ISO to a disc and then boot. Since it is a Live CD, one should not worry about formatting and/or resizing the partitions. The similar Operating Systems that can be used as an alternative are CHAOS, ROCKS which are able to do LAN boot using SSI (Single System Image) from the primary. Creating a cluster will help us to transfer idle frequencies from the network boot systems to the Server system. This technique will help boosting the Server system’s frequency to the maximum utilization; without interrupting anybody’s work. So how excellent a system can we develop? Well, we focus here on environmental-friendly supercomputing for a very low budget Hardware; it can be at your home, or at university, or even at a small-scale corporate. If the cluster is to be developed at home, with say, 2 or 3 PCs, a pretty decent cluster can be set-up; but if in a college or a company with relaxed IT rules, one can easily reach Gigaflops or Teraflops; and a Teraflop is 1 Trillion floating point operations per second.

USEFULNESS
Why not? If the high-end computing is not more than fascinating concept, then consider these uses which will ignite the maximum level of curiousness within you: 1. Render: If you’re a pro in 3Ds Max application, a high-end PC would save hours of boredom while the rendering completes. Else for a 3D content creation on cluster, we have an option of Blender, which is free and open-source, available for all major OS. 2. Brute-Force Attack: Brute Force cracking of passwords usually involves a large amount of computational power, or years of typical PC time to decrypt. 3. Transcoding Videos: Transcoding Blu-Ray videos in High Definition (HD) format takes up to 7-x longer than that of standard SD video. With open source tools like Media Encoding Cluster Project we can effectively utilize Windows or Linux cluster to Rip. 4. Radio Signalling: The high-end computing would help to scan all the radio noise in the space by dedicating computing power to finding broadcasts from other planets.

TARGET USERS
The targeted audience varies from high-tech fascinated individuals up-to well established corporate sectors. Universities and educational institutions are other aimed users where this project will help them in Labs; there is practically no need of buying an extremely costly server every time - use this cluster in every lab and work with Gigaflops! As per as the personal usage is concerned, this Project will also be cherished by Students, and technology affectionate individuals.

EXPECTED IMPACT
This Endeavour is going to revolutionize the way we work today with heavy servers (commercially & non-commercially) and the damage we are doing to the environment. Apart from giving the best use of obsolete PCs based high-end computing, we are redeeming:    Monitors & TVs with CRT containing 2-4kg (4-8lbs) of lead on average ICs and other circuits containing Toxicants like chromium, nickel and zinc LCDs, which may contain mercury and batteries containing nickel and cadmium

By adopting this novel and Nobel work, we intend to serve the Kyoto Protocol, whereby all the participating nations commit themselves to tackling the issue of pollution and e-waste.

SUBMITTED BY:
Abhishek Singh Bhati Akshay Sharma Chanchal Joshi Mudit Gupta Prakriti Soral Raj Shekhar Singh Bhati Riddhi Surana Shefali Bhatnagar Swapnil Bhatnagar Vishnu Patidar Yakin Salvi

UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF:
Dr. Avinash Panwar

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