Research workers complain of the difficulties caused by the high level of mechanical disturbances in strain -s pressure gages. For measurements of pressure of the order of 10 -2 to 10 mm Hg such instruments must be placed on massive concrete foundations with vibration-absorbing lining. Autocompensated pressure gages are free from this defect and can be used for precision measurements both in laboratories and industry. LITERATURE CITED [1] V. I. Baldatin, Measurement Techniques, No. 2 (1958). [2] V. L Bakhtin, Measurement Techniques, No. 5 (1959). [3J V, I. Bakhtin, Measurement Techniques, No. 7 (1959). APPLICATION Chen OF S T R A I N G A G E S FOR M E A S U R I N G T O R Q U E Ting-Chang (Chinese People's Republic) In the papers published on strain gages for measuring torque, insufficient attention is paid to the investigation of a rational placing of gages from the point of view of compensating for the effect of additional factors, such as temperature, shear force, axle load and in the first place the bending moment. When measuring torque the strain gage transducers are directed along the main tensions In rotation, I,e., at 45 or 135" to the axis of the flaaft (Fig. 1). Each wire is placed along a helical line on the surface of the shaft and its position in the x, y, z system of coordinates is determined by parameters ~ and e . Under the effect of bending, twisting and the shear force the shaft surface is in a complicated state of tension. For simplicity of calculations let us examine the middle wire ab of the transducer. The total change in its length can be expressed as AL =~adle4so ; al = l/-2rd~ ; 5 L = r / ~ r S Sr . b dq9. (I) Here r we obtain is relative strain in the direction at 4b~ to the axisx, Using notations of Fig. I and integrating AL._~_ALMb + ALMt+ALQ _ Pda(181/c~EJ~t) {sin ( % + 0 ) - - sin ((Pl + O)--[qg~cos(q02+O)--%cos (r iVlt d 4.2Q r "~ + (2) Here ALMb is the change in length due to the bending moment; ALMt is the change in length due to twisting; ALQ is the change in length due to the shear force; M t is the torque; Q is the shear force; P is the load which produces the bending momentl 599 Ply ~ A }YView from .~ d is the shaft diameter; ~ is the Poisson coefficient; E Is the modulus of elasticity of the 1st order; "/I I order; G is the modulus o f elasticity of the 2nd J is the moment of inertia of the shaft cross section I I o:~-
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