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1. 2. 3. Solve for p: p-3 p+1 = 1. 5 2 16. Simplify 2x + 6 . 2 Factorise fully: 10x + 2xy - 10y - 2y 2. Write in index form 1 (a) x (b) 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
3

17. Solve 2x 2 - 3x - 1 = 0 correct to 3 signicant gures. 18. The radius r of a circle with area A is A given by r = . Find r, correct to r 2 decimal places, if A = 7.59. 19. Solve 5 - 2x 1 3 and sketch the solution on a number line. 20. Evaluate 3 5 1 2 + + . 20 15 3 12

x4

Simplify the expression 8y - 2 ^ y + 5 h . 5 Rationalise the denominator of . 5- 2 Expand and simplify ] x - 3 g ^ x 2 + 5x - 1 h . 3x 2 Solve the equation = . ^ x ! -1h x+1 3 Simplify x 2 - 2x - 3 x+1 . ' 5 10

21. Solve the equation x 2 - 4x + 1 = 0, giving exact solutions in simplest surd form. 22. Write 7 - 2 as a rational number. 23. Solve simultaneous equations y = 3x - 1 and y = x 2 - 5. 24. Find integers x and y such that 3 = x + y 3. 2 3+3

Show that TABC and TEDC are congruent triangles. Hence, or otherwise, show that TACE is an isosceles triangle.

10. Evaluate ] 3.9 g4, correct to 1 decimal place. 11. Simplify 2 3 - 27 . 12. Find the size of each interior angle in a regular octagon. 13. Evaluate 0.72 ' 9.82 in scientic notation, correct to 3 signicant gures. 14. Expand and simplify 2 ^3 5 - 2 2 h.

27. Factorise 8x 3 - 1. 28. Rationalise the denominator of 2 3 . 3 5- 2

15. Find, correct to 2 decimal places, the ] 2.14 g3 value of . 6.94 - 3.72

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Maths In Focus Mathematics Preliminary Course

29. Simplify 2 | -4 | - | 3 | + | -2 |. 30. Find the sale price if a discount of 8% is given on a DVD player that usually sells for \$699. 31. Evaluate 3 5.21 + 4.71 correct to 3.94 # 1.76 2 signicant gures. 5 +1

41. Solve x 2 \$ 9. o as a fraction. 42. Write 0.16 43. Prove that the diagonals in any rhombus bisect the angles they make with the sides of the rhombus. 44. Write 1 in index form. x+3 45. Expand and simplify ] x + 2 g3. 46. Find the value of a 3 b - 2 in index form if 4 2 1 3 a = c m and b = c m . 5 2 47. Find the value of x, giving reasons for each step of your working out.

32. Rationalise the denominator of

. 2 2+3 33. The price of roller skates has increased by 6.5% to \$89. Find the price before the increase.

34. Find the values of all pronumerals, giving reasons for each step of your calculations.

48. Find values of x and y.

36. Simplify

^ a - 4 h3 # b 6

a9 # ^ b-1 h

. 49. Write ] 3x + 2 g
1 2

37. Solve 5x - 9 2 21. 38. Evaluate 4

3 2

without an index.

as a rational number.

39. Simplify 2 ] x - 5 g -3 ] x - 1 g . 40. Solve 4 2x + 1 = 8.

197

(d) (e)

1 + 2+1

2 2-1

3 2 4 + x + 1 x2 - 1 x - 1

55. ABCD is a parallelogram with CD produced to E so that ED = AD. Prove that +ABC = 2+DEA.

1 (f) x - x when x = 2 3 (g) (h)

^ x - 2 h5 y 4 z - 3

x4 _ y3 i

-1

^ z - 4 h- 2
2 2

(i) 8 5 - 3 20 + 2 45 (j) a3 b2 ^ c4 h 1 2 2 3 c m c m , if a = , b = 2 3 ^ a 2 h2 bc 5 4 -1 and c = c m 9

2

2 1 5 3 56. Find the exact value of . 5 16 1 1 57. Tran spent of her salary on rent, 4 3 1 1 on food, on bus and taxi fares, and 5 6 on going out. If she puts the rest of her salary into savings, what percentage of her salary is savings? 58. The speed of light is about 2.99 # 10 8 ms - 1 . If a rocket travels at one-fth the speed of light, nd its speed in kmh - 1 (in scientic notation correct to 2 signicant gures). 59. Find the value of k if ] 2x + 5 g2 = 4x 2 + kx + 25. 60. Simplify 81x 2 y 3 .

51. Find the values of x and y, correct to 1 decimal place.

52. Evaluate x.

53. The volume of a sphere is given by the 4 formula V = rr 3. Find the exact radius r, 3 2 if the volume V is 10 cm 3. 3 54. Find the perimeter of the gure below, correct to 3 signicant gures.

61. The sum of the interior angles in a regular polygon is 1620c. Find the size of each interior angle, to the nearest minute. 62. Find the area of the shaded region in this gure, correct to 2 decimal places.

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63. Factorise (a) 5 ] a - 2 g3 + 40b 3 (b) ] 2a - b + c g2 - ] a + 5b - c g2 64. Solve -2 # 8x - 1 1 9. 5

20 m

65. ABCD and BCEF are parallelograms. Show that AFED is a parallelogram.
25 m

71. In the gure, BD is the perpendicular bisector of AC. Prove that triangle ABC is isosceles.
B

66. Find the value of b correct to 2 decimal places.

72. The diagonals of a rhombus are x and y. Find the length of its side. 67. The diagonals of a rhombus are 6 cm and 10 cm long. Find the (a) exact length of the sides of the rhombus (b) area of the rhombus. 68. Write as a single fraction with a rational 2 1 denominator . 3 3- 2 2+ 5 69. The exterior angles of a regular polygon are 18c . How many sides has the polygon? 70. A cable is used to support a 20 m tower as shown. If the cable is placed 25 m away from the base of the tower, how long must it be, to the nearest metre? 73. Write 1 in index form. 3 ] x - 2 g5
5 3 5 2

(a) ] x - 2 g

]x - 2 g (b) 3

(c) 3 ] x - 2 g 1 (d) 5 ] x - 2 g3

5 2

74. Write the number 54 000 000 in scientic notation. (a) 5.4 # 108 (b) 54 # 106 (c) 5.4 # 107 (d) 54 # 108

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75. Simplify
7

^ 2a 3 b h 3

] ab g

o to a fraction. 78. Convert 0.36 (a) (b) 9 25 12 33 1 3

(a) 8a b (b) 8a8b (c) 2a7b (d) 2a8b 76. A computer costs \$1850. If it has increased in cost by 4% since last week, how much did it cost last week? (a) \$1924.00 (b) \$1778.85 (c) \$1867.80 (d) \$1776.00 77. Evaluate 4 (a) - 8 (b) (c) 1 8 1 6
3 2

(c) 3 (d) 79.

A

11 30
E C

(d) 6

The triangles ABC and CDE can be proven congruent by using the test (a) SSS (b) SAS (c) RHS (d) AAS.