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PRACTICE ASSESSMENT TASK 1

195

Practice Assessment Task SET 1


1. 2. 3. Solve for p: p-3 p+1 = 1. 5 2 16. Simplify 2x + 6 . 2 Factorise fully: 10x + 2xy - 10y - 2y 2. Write in index form 1 (a) x (b) 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
3

17. Solve 2x 2 - 3x - 1 = 0 correct to 3 signicant gures. 18. The radius r of a circle with area A is A given by r = . Find r, correct to r 2 decimal places, if A = 7.59. 19. Solve 5 - 2x 1 3 and sketch the solution on a number line. 20. Evaluate 3 5 1 2 + + . 20 15 3 12

x4

Simplify the expression 8y - 2 ^ y + 5 h . 5 Rationalise the denominator of . 5- 2 Expand and simplify ] x - 3 g ^ x 2 + 5x - 1 h . 3x 2 Solve the equation = . ^ x ! -1h x+1 3 Simplify x 2 - 2x - 3 x+1 . ' 5 10

21. Solve the equation x 2 - 4x + 1 = 0, giving exact solutions in simplest surd form. 22. Write 7 - 2 as a rational number. 23. Solve simultaneous equations y = 3x - 1 and y = x 2 - 5. 24. Find integers x and y such that 3 = x + y 3. 2 3+3

Show that TABC and TEDC are congruent triangles. Hence, or otherwise, show that TACE is an isosceles triangle.

10. Evaluate ] 3.9 g4, correct to 1 decimal place. 11. Simplify 2 3 - 27 . 12. Find the size of each interior angle in a regular octagon. 13. Evaluate 0.72 ' 9.82 in scientic notation, correct to 3 signicant gures. 14. Expand and simplify 2 ^3 5 - 2 2 h.

25. Evaluate |-2 | 2 - | -1 | + | 4 |. 26. Find the value of x.

27. Factorise 8x 3 - 1. 28. Rationalise the denominator of 2 3 . 3 5- 2

15. Find, correct to 2 decimal places, the ] 2.14 g3 value of . 6.94 - 3.72

196

Maths In Focus Mathematics Preliminary Course

29. Simplify 2 | -4 | - | 3 | + | -2 |. 30. Find the sale price if a discount of 8% is given on a DVD player that usually sells for $699. 31. Evaluate 3 5.21 + 4.71 correct to 3.94 # 1.76 2 signicant gures. 5 +1

41. Solve x 2 $ 9. o as a fraction. 42. Write 0.16 43. Prove that the diagonals in any rhombus bisect the angles they make with the sides of the rhombus. 44. Write 1 in index form. x+3 45. Expand and simplify ] x + 2 g3. 46. Find the value of a 3 b - 2 in index form if 4 2 1 3 a = c m and b = c m . 5 2 47. Find the value of x, giving reasons for each step of your working out.

32. Rationalise the denominator of

. 2 2+3 33. The price of roller skates has increased by 6.5% to $89. Find the price before the increase.

34. Find the values of all pronumerals, giving reasons for each step of your calculations.

35. Find the area of this gure.

48. Find values of x and y.

36. Simplify

^ a - 4 h3 # b 6

a9 # ^ b-1 h

. 49. Write ] 3x + 2 g
1 2

37. Solve 5x - 9 2 21. 38. Evaluate 4


3 2

without an index.

as a rational number.

50. Simplify (a) 8x - 7y - y + 4x (b) (c) 124 x2 - 9 x 3 + 27

39. Simplify 2 ] x - 5 g -3 ] x - 1 g . 40. Solve 4 2x + 1 = 8.

PRACTICE ASSESSMENT TASK 1

197

(d) (e)

1 + 2+1

2 2-1

3 2 4 + x + 1 x2 - 1 x - 1

55. ABCD is a parallelogram with CD produced to E so that ED = AD. Prove that +ABC = 2+DEA.

1 (f) x - x when x = 2 3 (g) (h)


^ x - 2 h5 y 4 z - 3

x4 _ y3 i

-1

^ z - 4 h- 2
2 2

a+b a + 2ab + b ' 3 - 6b 5a - 20ab 2

(i) 8 5 - 3 20 + 2 45 (j) a3 b2 ^ c4 h 1 2 2 3 c m c m , if a = , b = 2 3 ^ a 2 h2 bc 5 4 -1 and c = c m 9


2

2 1 5 3 56. Find the exact value of . 5 16 1 1 57. Tran spent of her salary on rent, 4 3 1 1 on food, on bus and taxi fares, and 5 6 on going out. If she puts the rest of her salary into savings, what percentage of her salary is savings? 58. The speed of light is about 2.99 # 10 8 ms - 1 . If a rocket travels at one-fth the speed of light, nd its speed in kmh - 1 (in scientic notation correct to 2 signicant gures). 59. Find the value of k if ] 2x + 5 g2 = 4x 2 + kx + 25. 60. Simplify 81x 2 y 3 .

51. Find the values of x and y, correct to 1 decimal place.

52. Evaluate x.

53. The volume of a sphere is given by the 4 formula V = rr 3. Find the exact radius r, 3 2 if the volume V is 10 cm 3. 3 54. Find the perimeter of the gure below, correct to 3 signicant gures.

61. The sum of the interior angles in a regular polygon is 1620c. Find the size of each interior angle, to the nearest minute. 62. Find the area of the shaded region in this gure, correct to 2 decimal places.

198

Maths In Focus Mathematics Preliminary Course

63. Factorise (a) 5 ] a - 2 g3 + 40b 3 (b) ] 2a - b + c g2 - ] a + 5b - c g2 64. Solve -2 # 8x - 1 1 9. 5


20 m

65. ABCD and BCEF are parallelograms. Show that AFED is a parallelogram.
25 m

71. In the gure, BD is the perpendicular bisector of AC. Prove that triangle ABC is isosceles.
B

66. Find the value of b correct to 2 decimal places.

72. The diagonals of a rhombus are x and y. Find the length of its side. 67. The diagonals of a rhombus are 6 cm and 10 cm long. Find the (a) exact length of the sides of the rhombus (b) area of the rhombus. 68. Write as a single fraction with a rational 2 1 denominator . 3 3- 2 2+ 5 69. The exterior angles of a regular polygon are 18c . How many sides has the polygon? 70. A cable is used to support a 20 m tower as shown. If the cable is placed 25 m away from the base of the tower, how long must it be, to the nearest metre? 73. Write 1 in index form. 3 ] x - 2 g5
5 3 5 2

(a) ] x - 2 g

]x - 2 g (b) 3

(c) 3 ] x - 2 g 1 (d) 5 ] x - 2 g3

5 2

74. Write the number 54 000 000 in scientic notation. (a) 5.4 # 108 (b) 54 # 106 (c) 5.4 # 107 (d) 54 # 108

PRACTICE ASSESSMENT TASK 1

199

75. Simplify
7

^ 2a 3 b h 3

] ab g

o to a fraction. 78. Convert 0.36 (a) (b) 9 25 12 33 1 3

(a) 8a b (b) 8a8b (c) 2a7b (d) 2a8b 76. A computer costs $1850. If it has increased in cost by 4% since last week, how much did it cost last week? (a) $1924.00 (b) $1778.85 (c) $1867.80 (d) $1776.00 77. Evaluate 4 (a) - 8 (b) (c) 1 8 1 6
3 2

(c) 3 (d) 79.


A

11 30
E C

(d) 6

The triangles ABC and CDE can be proven congruent by using the test (a) SSS (b) SAS (c) RHS (d) AAS.