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Maana Mira-Time and place

-Arun Kumar Upadhyay, 09437034172,
Contents-Time of aknkara, Kumrila Bhaa, Maana Mira.
Gotra, pravara, veda of Maana, his origin and location.
His debate and later migrations of associate families-to ngeri, Dwaraka.
1. Time of aknkara, Kumrila Bhaa, Maana Mira- From Prchnaankara-Digvijaya of nandagiri -- ()

( , - -Age of Shankara)
Tiya = kali, prayti = passes, nandana vara, sun in northern motion and in north
hemisphere, Rdhe = in Vaikha month (Anurdh = nakatra after Rdh =
Vikh), Aditeh uu = Punarvasu nakatra ruled by Aditi), Manga lagne= in Dhanu
lagna, ivaguru named his son as ankara. Accordingly, his birth time and
horoscope is as followsankarchrya at Kla 10040 north, 760 east, on 4-4-509 BC, Tuesday, 2252 hrs
LMT, vaikha ukla 5 till 1132 hrs, Punarvasu star from 4-4-509 BC -0139 hrs till 54-509, 0406 hrs. Lagna-261024, Sun-25038, Moon-90068, Mars-305019, Mercury44034, Jupiter-247045, Venus-67053, Saturn-343022, Rhu-31047.
It may be noted that Jupiter was in Dhanu at that time and only at midnight time it
could be in Lagna, not at noon time. That is due to mis-interpretation of
Udagadhvabhji = in north path and part. It does not mean sun at highest point at
noon time.
Bhat-ankara-Digvijaya of Chitsukhchrya gives the same date, but Karka lagna
at noon time in Abhijit muhrta- , ,
Jinavijaya mahkvya describes life of Kumrila Bhaa, his education and
opposition of Jaina Guru Klakchrya of Ujain (599-527 BC). He was called Vra for
reviving the tradition of last Trthankara Mahvra (11-3-1905 BC, Kali year 1197,
Chaitra ukla 13) Vra samvat starts from his birth year, but is misunderstood to be
of Bhagvn Mahvra. This book uses Yudhihira aka from 2634 BC = 504 year of
Pava Yudhihira. This could be original name of 23 rd Trthankara Prvantha,
king of K, 8 generations after Pava Yudhihira or he could be famed like
Yudhihira in following Dharma. Start of this Jaina year could be from date of his
sanysa or nirva. This was the period just after drying of Sarasvat and
destruction of Hastinpur in floods of Gang. This tells birth of Kumrila Bhaa in
year 2634 - 2077 = 557 BC in Krodh samvatsara. It tells birth of ankarchrya 48
years after him in 509 BC. At age of 15, ankarchrya met Kumrila Bhaa when
he was immolating himself in fire in Prayaga on Ganga bank.
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Same year and date is given in Vyschalya (4/20-21) whose second verse is in
Mdhavya ankara-Digvijaya (2/71) also (/-)
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Dwrak Pha also records same date - - - ( )

Govardhana Pha at Jaganntha Pur was set up in Yudhihira aka 2655 -
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Hla takar @ Pravarm (494-489 BC) was contemporary. He was ruling in
Magadha when ankarchrya met Kumrila Bhaa () (- )
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2. Gotra-Pravara-Veda etc-From Jti-Bhskara, Brhmaotpatti-mrtaa
Kumrila Mira
Maana Mira
(s/o Viu Mira, Bhaa =Mmnsaka) (S/o Hima Mira)
(Purohita of Maana)
Avigata (Dhta- Kauika)
Bhgu (Bhrbhuvah)
Kava (Mdhyandin)
ukla Yajurveda
ukla Yajurveda
Upaveda Dhanurveda
Devarta, Ajgarta,
Tri (Kayapa,
dhamarya, Kauika (Dhta Kauika) Kauika
Asita, Devala)
Kuladevat iva

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3. Books by Maana Mira- (a) Before sanysa1. Vidhi Viveka-Description of Karma ka

2. Bhvan Viveka-Nikma and sakma anuhna.
3. Vibhrama Viveka Prtibhtika and Vyvahrika satya.
4. Mmns strnukrama
5. Sphoa siddhi-abda Brahma
6. Brahma siddhi- Advaita tattva.
7. loka Vrtika k-on book by Kumrila Bhaa.
8. Bhat Kath-Its Mdrivat-kath has been written as Mlat-Mdhava by
Bhavabhti who has stated this to be work of Kumrila Bhaa disciple Vivarpa
(Maana Mira).
9. Adbhut Rmyaa-St as daughter of Mandodar, tested in water instead of fire.
(b) After sanysa1. Naikarmya siddhi.
2. Vrtikas on ankara-Bhyas of Bhadrayaka and Taittirya upaniad.
3. Mnasollsa-Prasankhyna (Bhakti).
4. Pachkaraa Vrtika-Samprajta and Asamprajta samdhi.
5. Kmta Moka Vichra.
6. Blakr-Description of Bla-Ka worshipped by ankara.
7. Vivarpa Samucchaya-His kuladevat, Veda, kh etc. That is summarized in
above chart.
8. rddha Kalik-16 samskras, muhrta.
4. Original place of Maana Mira- At every place his village has been stated in
Magadha on banks of Son river whose names oa and Hirayabhu are pullinga by
exception (also Brahmaputra river) all other river names are strlinga. It had sal
forest around it. Natural habitat of sal forest is sub-Himalayan region only, but due
to peculiar rock and climate a thin branch of sal forest has come to south starting
from Gorakhpur, Vras (Sarnath), Sasaram (Sahasra-rma, place of Paraurma),
Palamu, Sinhbhumi, Sambalpur (Orissa) with south end in Koraput. Here, rrma
had pierced 7 sal trees before killing Bali-that place is Balimela. Family of Maana
Mira was originally from Dharmaml, now Dhramapura in Balia district (in
adjacent Basti district now) at east end of Uttar Pradesh. Brhmaas of his gotra
still live there. Then, it settled in Vijjalavindu, somewhere between K and Balia in
eastern UP. His real name was Vivarpa and popularly called Umbeka. For
explaining Mmns texts including books of his guru Kumrila he was called
Maana (explaining, decoration). After marriage with Bhrat d/o Viu Mira of
Mgadhapur on Son river bank, he stayed there itself. At many places, it is written
that Bhrat was sister of Kumrila Bhaa. She was also called Umb as incarnation
of Sarasvat and her husband Umbeka. After sanysa, he was named Surevara and
was made first head of nger Pha in south. But, situation in Dwrak was tough
due to strong presence of Bauddhas from Gujrat, Sindh to Bhlika and strongest
man Surevarchya was sent there to counter them. North west part was always
under attack of Asuras from west, so Gurjara faced maximum damage to Vedic
knowledge as stated in birth of Bhakti with sons knowledge and un-attachment

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When Maana Mira and some associated families accompanied ankarchrya to
south, many families returned back to original place Dharmapura in Balia. After 12
generation, his descendant Navagu Mira was given title of Updhyya by king of
K and they came back to Mgadhapur and renamed it as Maanapur in memory
of their famous predecessor. His descendants are still in that village, Rajagarh
(palace of Maana Mira). These villages are in Sahar PS of Bhojpur district.
Purohitas of this family were of Jaimini gotra residing in Kantita-patarah of Sivan
district in west Bihar (bordering Balia of UP). Maana Mira family requested them
to settle nearby village named Anantapur after famous saint Ananta Tiwari (Ananta
Baba). All places of Kuladevat, Ja dev etc still exist there. Place of debate was
called Vijitapur (Vijita =conquered), now called Bajitpur villace nearby. Place of
yaja is Angora ketra, boat place is Dondi (local name for boats), Bhudava, Bharatibhara is place of pond named after Bhrat. Place of gathering of scholars is called
Da ketra, place of paddy fields is Khili -Ta (both mean outskirts, Khili also
means paddy husk in local language), Ja Dev ketra who has 2 stone idols, 4
Mmnsakas fight in debate to prove their point, they are Bhaa (warriors) of this
war, so they were called Bhaa. like the most famous Kumrila. Person who spread
rya (of Brahm) mata of astronomy was called ryabhaa (360 kali, changed to
3600 by British).
It may be noted that Sone river was eastern boundary of old K janapada. As K
was called Hiraya-garbha (center of Bharata in time of Divodasa, Deva period), its
boundary river was called Hiraya-bhu. It is central place of iva and separate
rules as old capital. Till today, vartate verb is used here, other parts use Asti.
Invisible form of iva appeared as pillar of fire (agni-stambha) on request of Viu
and Brahm. Agni has 8 forms as vasu, so there are 8 Agni-grmas in 8 directions
from K. One of them-Agiaon is near Maanapur.

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However, after iunga vama, K and Magadha were joined and hence this state
has been called Magadha. Then Magadha was under rule of ndhra king Hla (494489 BC). Most of the country appears to be under Chahman king Sudhanv in 6th
generation of Chhman who had tronced Asura (Asyrian) capital Nineve in 612 BC
indicated at several places in old testament. Then Chhman aka started as
indicated in Bhat-samhit (13/3) of Varhamihira.
Some relevant passages are quoted below about Sone river, sal forest and Magadh.
It is surprising that these verses have been quoted by groups trying to show his
birth place near Ujjaini or Mahishi village in Saharsa district of Mithila region in north
Bihar., without even understanding the names indicated there.

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(Here Narmad is not name of a river in context of Magadha, it is adjective of


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(Town graced by Mahi = Bhrat and Maana)
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(Town on banks of Dharmaml was graced by Maana, where there is Tr Pha)
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(Here Bhbht = hill, niketana = house-high rise palace, rich like a king. In verse
below also it is told like palace of Indra)

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(Here Rev marut means westerly wind which is strong enough to shake sal trees)

5. Places of Debate and Phas-nandagiri in his ankara-vijayam, page 101 has

given list of places in Digvijaya of ankarchryaAnanta-Sayana (Tiru-ananta-pura) Nlakaha ketra
Badar ketra
Mgadhapura (Maanapura)
Yamaprasthapura (could be in Persia)
Vyghrapura (Buxar=Vyghrasara in Bihar)
Subrahmaya ketra
ankarchrya had gone up to Bhlka (in Persia now) and Sindha, Kasmir
(Sarvaja-pha), Nepal also. Obviously, he could not have gone to Kashmir, Sindha,
Persia in 800 AD when these places had come under Islamic empire.
After debate, Maana Mira and many of his associate families had gone to
ngagiri, Kch-both the places claim him (named Surevara) as first head. But
order of king Sudhanv indicates that he had to be made head of Dwrak Pha to
resist destruction by Jaina influence who had already destroyed Trailokyasundara
temple built by Vajranbha, great grandson of Bhagavn Ka.
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Sudhanv was descendant of Yudhihira as indicated by him in the said order. He
must be having direct or indirect control over places of 4 Phas. In 756 BC, there
was a federation of 4 kings under king draka (his aka indicated in Jyotiadarpaa of Yallaya) at mount Abu under Viu incarnation Buddha born in Kayapa
gotra Brhmaa family of Kkaa Magadha).This was famed as Mlava-gaa. The 4
kings who led in protection of country against Asura (Assyrian attack) were called
Agni (Agr) vam-Paramra of Ujjain, Pratihra of Rajsthan, Chlukya (ukla) of
Gujrat-Maharashtra, called Salunkhe, Solanki now, and Chahmna of Delhi. Since
then the Delhi kings were called Chauhan. In 612 BC, this king wiped out Nineve,
capital of Asyria, when his aka started. Sudhanv was in his 6th generation. Shortly
after him, Mlava-gaa ended in 456 BC when rhara of Ujjain started his era
(Rajatarangi, Al Biruni). This has been called 300 years period of democracy by
Megasthenes. As per Kath-sarit-sgara, rhara was one of the sons of Govinda
arm, who became Govinda-pda after sanysa and guru of ankarchrya. Rule
of Sudhanv family continued up to Pthvrja Chauhan-3 who was defeated in 1192
AD by Mohammada Ghori. His family chain is given below as compiled by Sri
Parameshvarnath Mishra in his book Amia-Kla-Rekh (Calcutta, 2001)(1)Chhmna, (2) Smantadeva, (3) Mahdeva, (4) Kubera, (5) Bindusra, (6)
Sudhanv - He set up 4 Phas of ankarchryas for which an order was issued on
copper plate dated 2663 Yudhihira aka (485 BC) on vina ukla 15. (7)
Vradhanv, (8) Jayadhanv, (9) Vrasimha, (10) Varasimha, (11) Vradaa, (12)
Arimantra, (13) Mikyarja, (14) Pukara, (15) Asamajasa, (16) Premapura, (17)
Bhnurja, (18) Mnasimha, (20) Hanumn, (21) ambhu, (22) Mahsena, (23)
Suratha, (24) Rudradatta, (25) Hemaratha, (26) Chitrngada, (27) Chandrasena,
(28) Vatsarja, (29) Dhadyumna, (30) Uttama, (31) Sunka, (32) Subhu, (33)
Suratha, (34) Bharata, (35) Styaki, (36) atrujita, (37) Vikrama, (38) Sahadeva,
(39) Vradeva, (4) Vasudeva, (41) Vsudeva (king in 551 AD)-his 2 branches started
kingdoms. One branch ended with last king of Delhi-Pthvrja-3 killed in 1192 AD.
The other branch had Vra Gogdeva who fought with Mahmud Gazanavi in desert.
Delhi-Ajmer branch- (42) Smanta, (43) Naradeva or Npa, (44) Vigraharja-1, (45)
Chandrarja-1, (46) Gopendra-rja or Gopendraka, (47) Durlabha-rja, (48) Govindarja or Guvaka-1-in time of Pratihra king Ngabhaa-2. (49) Chandra-rja-2 (843868 AD), (50) Govinda-rja or Guvaka-2 (868-893 AD), (51) Chandana- Govinda-rja
(893-918 AD), (52) Vkpati-rja-1 (Vappayarai) (918-943 AD), (53 A) Vindhya-rjavery short period followed by his brother. (53 B) Simha- rja. He had 4 sons-Vigraharja-2, Durlabha-rja-2, Chandra-rja, Govinda-rja. (54A) Vigraha-rja-2 (from 973
AD)-He had defeated Mlarja of Gujrat and made pur temple in Bhgukacchha. He had sent army in 997 AD to help Lahore king against Subuktagin. (54B)
Durlabha-rja-2 (998 AD), (55) Govinda-rja-3 (999 AD), (56A) Vkpati-rja-2 (9991018 AD), (56B) Vrya-rja (1018-1038), (56C) Chmua-rja (1038-1063 AD)these 2 were brothers of 56A. (57A) Simhala-eldest son of 56C. (57B) Durlabha-rja3 (1063-1079 AD)-son of 56C. (57C) Vigraharja-3 (1079-1098 AD)-brother of 57B.
(58) Pthvrja-1 (1098-1105 AD), (59) Ajaya- rja (Ajayadeva or Salhana)-(11051132 AD)-built Ajmer. (6) Arorja (Analdeva, Anna, Anaka)-(1132-1151 AD), (61A)
Jagadeva (1151 AD)- He had killed his father Arorja for which he was killed by his
brother Vigraharja-4 (61B) Vigraharja-4 (Viladeva)-(1151-1167 AD)-he had
defeated Chlukyas. (61C) Somevaradeva (1169-1177 AD)-Brother of 61B, as
Pthvrja-2-son of 61A had no son. (62A) Apara-Gngeya or Amara-Gngeya-son of
61B. (62B) Pthvrja-2-son of 61A. He defeated 61A and died issueless in 1169 AD.

(62C) Pthvrja-3 (1177-1192 AD)-last Hindu king of Delhi. He defeated Mohammad

Ghori in 1191, but was defeated in 1192 AD due to Jayachanda of Kannauj.
6. Bhaa Brhmaas-There are Bhaa Brhmaas in ngagiri (Udupi) and
Gujrat. These could be direct descendants of associate families of Maana Mira
who went first to ngagiri and then to Dvrak. They could also be followers of
Mmns as explained by Kumrila Mira, called Bhaa due to debates for vedic
path. There are many references of large disciples following ankarchrya. King
Sudhanv also accompanied in south with his army of 1000.


( )
Chapter 15 of Mdhavya ankara Digvijaya states route of ankarchrya with
Maana Mira and other disciples asVijitapura (now Bajitpur in Bhojpur district) after worship of Guptevara Mahdeva
to Amarakaaka along Sone river. Then along Narmad river Mhevara. Along
Vena-gang to Godvar bank at Nasik. At Pandharpur on Bhm bank, raila on
junction of Tungabhadra and Krishna. Gokara, Harishankara, Mkmbik, ngeri.
Later on, Sudhanvs order states that Maana Mira @Surevara became head of
Dwrak Pha.
K. R. Venkatraman in Devi Kamakshi in KanchiTradition speaks of the settlement in Kanchi of thirty families from narmada valley,
ten of Kaundinya gotra, ten of Kausika gotra and ten of Purukutsa gotra who were
all adepts in the vaidika and Agama lores.
(Here, Kaushika gotra indicates Maana Mira and associate families who went
first to Narmada region)
The movement of clans and families of Brahmins including Bhattars, or much
anterior to the time of Raj Raj Chola 1. The settlers in the south kept up contact with
Aryadesha, Varanasi, Gurjaradesha and Kashmir.
Vibhaga ratnakara (MS No. R1739 in Madras Govt Oriental Mss Library) traces the
history of some Brahmin families from Mandaraka on the Ganga who settled in
Kanchi mandalam.
Tilakadhari Upadhyay in his book Magadha Mimansaka Mandana Mishra, has
quoted a letter from Dr. S. Subrahmanya Sastri-It is not correct to say that there
are descendants of Mandana Mishra near Trichur. The family that is mistakenly
taken to be so is that of Payuur Bhattas. It is due to an incorrect understanding of
the passage-Mandana Charyakrtayo yesvatishthanta krtsansasaha- occuring in one
of their works. Evidently, the passage means that the works of Mandan were all well
established with them, and does not mean that they were his descendants.
7. Different Buddhas- There are 2 Buddhas in list of 28 Siddhrtha and
Gautama. Both are assumed to be same. 28 Buddhas are described in Chapter 27 of
the Buddhavama, plus Maitreya Bodhisattva, the future (and 29th) Buddha. The
Buddhavama is a text which describes the life of Gautama Buddha and the twentyseven Buddhas who preceded him. The Buddhavama is part of the Khuddaka

(Kudraka) Nikya, which in turn is part of the Sutta (Stra) Piaka. The Sutta Piaka
is one of three main sections of the Pli Canon of Thervda Buddhism.
Siddhrtha was 24th in Ikvku family after Mahbhrata starting on 16-10-3139
BC or Krttika Amvsy. 68 days after that, Bhma had died on 24-12-3139 BC
when north motion of sun had started. 5 days before that Yudhihira had been
crowned on 17-12-3139 BC. This date has been indicated by Albiruni and by Abul
Fazal who has given concordance of Din-elahi with older calenders. That date of
Mahbhrata is also confirmed by 5 inscriptions of Janamejaya in 29th year of his
rule in 3014 BC which state all 5 elements of date of Indian calender and solar
eclipse of 27-11-3014 BC also is confirmed by calculations. Thus, recorded date of
31-3-1986 BC to 27-3-1807 BC for Siddhrtha Buddha is correct.
Gautama Buddha was following Gautama tradition of verbal logic, so he was called
Gautama. The whole Buddhist literature is only verbal logic to counter Gautams
Nyya-darana in his own style. Out of pride, there is no line in massive Bauddha
literature about origin of word-Gautama Buddha. They only state that Siddhartha
had become Buddha after enlightenment. This Buddha might be in 483 BC.
Bhaviya pura, Pratisarga parva 3, chapter 21 tells-In Kali 27 century (starting
500 BC), kyasimha Gautama (not Siddhrtha Buddha of 1897-1807 BC) had set
up yantras at every place to block Vedic religion.
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The same situation has been describe by Mdhvchrya
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Viu incarnation Buddha was born as son of Ajina Brhmaa in Kkaa (Magadha,
present Bihar). In 756 BC, he formed a Yaja at Mount Abu to unite 4 kings of India
for countering Assyrian (Asura) attacks who became powerful in west Asia in 800
BC. The 4 kings were called Agni-kula-Paramar, Pratihra, Chlukya and
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It has been described in several places in old testament that king of Medes in east
of Indus destroyed Nineve in 612 BC. See