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PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
B.Tech III Year II Semester (R07) Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013
Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ****
1. (a) (b)
Max Marks: 80
If A and B are two events such that P(A) = 1/3, P(B) = 3/4 and P(A B) = 11/12. Find P(A/B) and P(B/A). A fair die is tossed twice. Find the probability of getting a 4, 5 or 6 on the first toss and 1, 2, 3 or 4 on the second toss. The density function of a random variable X is f(x) = Find E(x), E(x ), Var(x).
Let X denotes the minimum of the two numbers that appear when a pair of fair dice tossed. Determine the (i) Discrete probability distribution. (ii) Expectation. (iii) Variance. Out of 800 families with 5 children each, how many would you expect to have: (i) 3 – boys. (ii) At least one boy. If x is a normal variate with mean 30 and standard deviation 5, find the probability that: (i) 26 < X < 40 and (ii) X > 45. Find the probability that in 120 tosses of a fair coin the heads are between 40% and 60%. In a normal distribution, 7% of the items are under 35 and 89% are under 63. Determine the mean and the variance of the distribution. Assuming that how large a random sample be taken to assert with probability 0.95 that the sample mean will not differ from the true mean by more than 3.0 points. What is the maximum error one can expect to make with probability 0.90 when using the mean of a random sample of size n = 64 to estimate the mean of population with = 2.56. A manufacturer claimed that at least 95% of the equipment which he supplied to a factory conformed to specifications. An examination of sample of 200 pieces of equipment revealed that 18 were faulty. Test his claim at 5% level of significance. In a big city 325 men out of 600 men were found to be smokers. Does this information support the conclusion that the majority of men in this city are smokers? An auditor claims that he takes on an average 10.5 days to file income tax returns (I.T. Returns).Can this claim be accepted if a random sample shows that he took 13, 19, 15, 10, 12, 11, 14, 18 days to file I.T. returns. Use a 0.01 level of significance. The following random samples are measurements of the heat producing capacity (in millions of calories per ton) of specimens of coal from two mines. Mine 1: Mine 2: 8,260 7,950 8,130 7,890 8,350 7,900 8,070 8,140 8,340 7,920 7,840
Use the 0.05 level of significance to test whether it is reasonable to assume that the variances of the two populations sampled are equal. 8. (a) In a railway marshalling yard, goods trains arrive at the rate of 30 trains/day. Assuming that the inter arrival time follows an exponential distribution and the service time (the time taken to hump a train) distribution is also exponential with an average 30 min. Calculate (i) Average number of trains in the queue. (ii) Probability that the queue size exceeds 10. The inter arrival times at a service centre are exponential with an average time of 10 min. The length of the service time is assumed to be exponential distributed with mean 6 min. Find (i) Probability that a person arriving at the booth will have to wait. (ii) Average length for the queue that forms and the average time that an operator spends in the queuing system (iii) Probability that an arrival will have to wait for more than 12 min for services and to obtain tools. (iv) Probability that there will be 6 or more operators waiting for service.