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3/3/2013

Ever

since the discovery of Pluto in 1930, kids grew up learning about the nine planets of our solar system. That all changed starting in the late 1990s, when astronomers began to argue about whether Pluto was a planet. In a highly controversial decision, the International Astronomical Union ultimately decided in 2006 to call Pluto a dwarf planet, reducing the list of real planets in our solar system to eight. But many kids (and adults) cling to the notion of 9 planets. Regardless of your view, heres the order of the 8 larger planets, starting nearest the sun and working outward through the solar system: Mercury Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

The 2nd planet from the sun, Venus is terribly hot. The atmosphere is toxic. The pressure at the surface would crush and kill you. Scientists describe Venus situation as a runaway greenhouse effect. Its size and structure are similar to Earth, Venus' thick, toxic atmosphere traps heat in a runaway "greenhouse effect." Oddly, Venus spins slowly in the opposite direction of most planets. s. Discovery: Known to the ancients and visible to the naked eye Named for: Roman goddess of love and beauty Diameter: 7,521 miles (12,104 km) Orbit: 225 Earth days Day: 241 Earth days

The

four large outer worlds Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are known as the Jovian planets (meaning Jupiter-like) because they are all huge compared to the terrestrial planets, and because they are gaseous in nature rather than having rocky surfaces (though some or all of them may have solid cores, astronomers say). These worlds are also frequently called the gas giants, but thats not a great way to describe them, some astronomers say, because Uranus and Neptune are more ice than gas. All four contain mostly hydrogen and helium.

The third (3rd) planet from the sun, Earth is a water world, with two-thirds of the planet covered by ocean. Its the only world known to harbor life. Earths atmosphere is rich in life-sustaining nitrogen and oxygen. Earth's surface rotates about its axis at 1,532 feet per second slightly more than 1,000 mph at the equator. The planet zips around the sun at more than 18 miles per second. Diameter: 7,926 miles (12,760 km) Orbit: 365.24 days Day: 23 hours, 56 minutes

The closest planet to the sun, Mercury is only a bit larger than Earth's moon. Its day side is scorched by the sun and can reach 840 degrees F (450 degrees C), but on the night side, temperatures drop to 100 of degrees below freezing. Mercury has virtually no atmosphere to absorb meteor impacts, Named for: Messenger of the Roman gods Diameter: 3,031 miles (4,878 km) Orbit: 88 Earth days Day: 58.6 Earth days

The 4th planet from the sun, is a cold, dusty place. The dust, an iron oxide, gives the planet its reddish cast.It shares similarities with Earth: It is rocky, has mountains and valleys, and storm systems ranging from localized tornado-like dust devils to planet-engulfing dust storms. It snows on Mars. And Mars harbors water ice. Scientists think it was once wet and warm, though today its cold and Diameter: 4,217 miles (6,787 km) Orbit: 687 Earth days Day: Just more than one Earth day (24 hours, 37 minutes)

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The 5th planet from the sun, Jupiter is huge and is the most massive planet in our solar system. Its a mostly gaseous world, mostly hydrogen and helium. Its swirling clouds are colorful due to different types of trace gases. A big feature is the Great Red Spot, a giant storm which has raged for 100 of years. Named for: Ruler of the Roman gods Diameter: 88,730 miles (428,400 km) Orbit: 11.9 Earth years Day: 9.8 Earth

The 8th planet from the sun, Neptune is known for strong winds sometimes faster than the speed of sound. Neptune is far out and cold. The planet is more than 30 times as far from the sun as Earth. It has a rocky core. Neptune was the first planet to be predicted to exist by using math, before it was detected. Irregularities in the orbit of Uranus led French astronomer Alexis Bouvard to suggest some other might be exerting a gravitational tug. German astronomer Johann Galle used calculations to help find Neptune in a telescope. Neptune is about 17 times as massive as Earth. Discovery: 1846 Named for: Roman god of water Diameter: 30,775 miles (49,530 km) Orbit: 165 Earth years Day: 19 Earth hours

The 6th planet from the sun is known most for its rings. When Galileo Galilei first studied Saturn in the early 1600s, he thought it was an object with three parts. Not knowing he was seeing a planet with rings, the stumped astronomer entered a small drawing a symbol with one large circle and two smaller ones in his notebook, as a noun in a sentence describing his discovery. More than 40 years later, Christian Huygens proposed that they were rings. Named for: Roman god of agriculture Diameter: 74,900 miles (120,500 km) Orbit: 29.5 Earth years Day: About 10.5 Earth hours

The ninth

(9th) planet from thee sun well Pluto is unlike other planets in many respects. It is smaller than our moon. Its orbit carries inside the orbit of Neptune and the way out beyond that orbit. From 1979 until early 1999, Pluto had actually been the eighth planet from the sun.

The 7th planet from the sun,It is an oddball. Its the only giant planet whose equator is nearly at right angles to its orbit it basically orbits on its side. Astronomers think the planet collided with some other planet-sized object long ago, causing the tilt. The tilt causes extreme seasons that last 20+ years, and the sun beats down on one pole or the other for 84 Earth-years. Named for: Personification of heaven in ancient myth Diameter: 31,763 miles (51,120 km) Orbit: 84 Earth years Day: 18 Earth hours

There At

are a planets in this solar system at the past present there are 8 planets The international astronomical association decided the pluto planets as a dwarf planet on 24th August in 2008 Pluto ,ceres , charon , 2003 UB 313 are example for dwarf planets.