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빈칸 완성 / 연결사 넣기 집필자 페이지
01강 02강 03강 04강 05강 06강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 민판규 김윤자 한희정 / 김윤자
6 14 22 30 38 46
Part II 어법성 판단 / 무관한 문장 찾기 / 글의 순서 / 단일 장문
강 집필자 페이지
07강 08강 09강 10강 11강 12강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 전광훈 / 최현규
54 62 70 78 86 94
어휘 추론 / 단락 속에 문장 넣기 / 문단 요약 / 복합 장문 집필자 페이지
13강 14강 15강 16강 17강 18강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 민판규 / 김찬규
102 110 118 126 134 142
EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)에 들어오셔서 회원으로 등록하세요. 본 방송 교재의 강의 프로그램은 EBS 인터넷 방송을 통해 다시 보실 수 있습니다. (VOD 무료 서비스 실시) 교재 및 강의 내용에 관한 문의는 EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)의 학습 Q`&`A 서비스를 활용하시기 바랍니다.
본 교재는 대학수학능력시험을 준비하는 데 도움을 주고자 제작되었으며, 교육과정에 부합한 내용으로 구성되었다. 특히 학생들의 읽기 능력 신장을 목적으로 범교과적 내용의 다양한 글 과 정보를 제시하고 있으며, 교육과정 상의 어휘 범주를 고려하여 제작하였다. 교과서로 기본 개념을 익힌 후 본 교재를 활용하여 실제 응용력을 키우게 함으로써, 교육과정 성취 목표 도달 과 함께 대학수학능력시험 대비에 도움이 되도록 하였다. 전체적인 구성
Part I ~ Part III
PartⅠ은 1강부터 6강까지로 빈칸 완성(단어·구·절 완성, 빈칸 2개 완성), 연결사 넣기의 유형으로 구성되어 있으며, PartⅡ는 6강에서 12 강까지로 어법성 판단, 무관한 문장 찾기, 글의 순서, 단일 장문의 유형 으로 구성되고 있고, PartⅢ는 어휘 추론, 단락 속에 문장 넣기, 문단 요약, 복합 장문의 유형으로 구성되어 있다.
Type 1 ~ Type 8
각 강별로 총 8문항(복합 장문의 경우 9문항)이 제시되어 있으며, Part 별로 동일한 유형을 계속 반복 학습할 수 있도록 하였다.
Points to Master
구문 분석이 필요한 문장을 골라 문장 성분이나 문법 요소, 수식 관계, 주요 어구의 의미 등을 표시하였다. 또한 볼드체로 표시된 부분은 설명 을 덧붙여 이해를 돕고자 하였다.
각 문항에 대해 정확한 해석과 상세한 해설, 그리고 구조가 복잡한 문 장에 대한 구문해설, 그리고 어휘 풀이를 달아 학습에 도움을 주고자 하였다.
활용법 본 교재를 효과적으로 활용하여 독해 능력을 향상시키기 위해서 다음과 같은 사항을 반드시 지키도록 하자.
1. 시청의 생활화
방송 강의의 특성상 시청 시간을 놓치면 보충할 기회를 마련하기 어렵다. 따라서, 방송 시간을 고려하여 하루 일 과와 일주일 계획을 짜야 한다. 강의를 시청할 수 없을 경우에는 학습의 일관성 유지를 위해 인터넷 방송으로 다 시보기를 통하여 학습하도록 한다.
2. 철저한 예습
단순히 강의만 열심히 들으면 독해력이 저절로 향상될 것이라고 믿기 쉬우나 사실은 그렇지 않다. 강의를 듣기 전에 스스로 지문의 내용을 이해하려는 노력이 필요하다. 따라서, 예습을 통해 학습할 내용이 무엇인지, 강의를 들을 때 특히 주의할 사항이 무엇인가를 미리 파악해 두어야 한다.
3. 적극적이고 능동적인 강의 참여
수동적이고 소극적으로 강의를 듣기만 할 것이 아니라 강의하는 선생님과 토론하고 대화한다는 자세로 임하는 것이 중요하다. 이와 같은 자세는 핵심적인 부분의 이해와 학습 내용의 기억에 도움이 된다. 또한 필요한 경우 중 요한 사항을 교재 여백에 메모하여 강의를 듣는 것이 좋다. 이것은 학습 내용의 심층적인 이해와 효율적인 복습 을 위해 꼭 필요하다.
4. 복습과 정리를 통한 내면화
외국어 학습은 반복이 중요하다. 따라서 학습한 내용을 다시 한 번 복습해 보면서 주요 어휘, 구문, 글의 전개 방 식을 정리하고 이것을 독해와 문제 풀이에 연관시키는 훈련을 하면 독해력 향상 및 문제 풀이 방법 터득에 만전 을 기할 수 있다.
Putting your work away for a while ─ sometimes weeks or months ─ can allow you to come back not so enamored by it. and end up blinded by love for every word you’ve put on paper. or the other way around. hating ~과 blinded ~는 둘 다 부대상황의 분사구문이 다. and end up blinded by love / for every word [you’ve put on paper]. S V1 부대상황 V2 부대상황 or the other way around. Falling in love with a new piece of material can also help. 6 영어독해연습(2) . In order to judge your own work objectively. and perhaps most important step. everything과 every word 다음에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이나 which가 생략되어 있다. because is the greatest enemy for evaluating your own writing. You start out hating everything you’re writing. you must get distance. This is the first. So how can you analyze your own work without prejudice? There are certain things you can do to gain some perspective.PartⅠ 01 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Writing is a love-hate relationship.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . It gives you a chance to read it almost as if it’s someone else’s. ① busyness ④ ignorance ② indifference ⑤ familiarity ③ complexity Points to Master You start out hating everything [you’re writing]. → start out과 end up이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있으며.
Examining the present populations of the globe. 분사구문(hunting and food-foraging)과 as 접속사절 모두 관계대명사절 안에 포함되어 있다. S V O(선행사) 관계대명사절 분사구문 as men did millennia ago]. molded by mechanization and mass education. molded by mechanization and mass education. but on agriculture.co. brought up with lingering memories of their own country’s agricultural past.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 1쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The inhabitants of the earth are divided not only by race. They are the people of the past.www. but also. as their ancestors did centuries ago. ① their position in time ③ differences in language ⑤ the degree of education ② their political priorities ④ the prospect of change Points to Master Examining the present populations of the globe. They are. as men did millennia ago. These two groups taken together compose perhaps 70 percent of all living human beings. we find a tiny group who still live. 01강 7 . 형용사구 → molded와 brought는 앞에 있는 products를 수식하는 과거분사이다. hunting and food-foraging. They live. somewhat more than 25 percent of the earth’s population can be found in the industrialized societies. hunting and food-foraging. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. nation. in effect. They lead modern lives. brought S V C ▲ 형용사구 ▲ 과거분사 과거분사 up with lingering memories / of their own country’s agricultural past. in many respects. the vast majority of mankind. religion or ideology.ebsi. by . S’ V’ → Examining은 When we examine을 분사구문으로 만든 것이다. the people of the present. as는 양태의 접속사로 ‘~하는 것처럼. we find a tiny group [ who still live. in a sense. By contrast. hunting and food-foraging은 부대상황의 분사구문으로 ‘사냥 하고 식량을 찾아다니면서’ 라는 의미이고. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. Others. depend not on bear-hunting or berry-picking. 형용사구 of ~ past는 lingering memories를 수식한다. ~하는 대로’ 의 의미이다.
(dash)는 종종 동격이나 부연 설명을 할 때 사용되는 문장 부호이다. make는 불완전타동사이므로 목적격보어 more mysterious가 쓰였다. . 8 영어독해연습(2) . that is. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. decided의 목적어 to light와 to leave가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. that is. 부사구 S1 V1 등위접속사 I decided to light only half the spy’s face / and to leave the rest in darkness. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting that I used it throughout the film. It ran: ‘Have you gone mad? Do you suppose we can sell a film for its full price if ?’ ① it isn’t up-to-date enough ② you only show half a man ③ it doesn’t have special effects ④ you insert any ideology into it ⑤ it doesn’t fit to the predefined design Points to Master In the scene in question. I decided to light only half the spy’s face and to leave the rest in darkness. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. In the scene in question. I used spotlights from one side or the other ─ a method which is now freely practiced. a spy came creeping / through a curtain. which I had used in the theater.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . and I wanted to use a particular light effect. I looked at the result on the screen and found it extraordinarily effective. → pleased with ~와 so ~ that 구문이 결합하여 so pleased with ~ that이 되었다. S2 V2 O1(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) O2(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) → come -ing는 ‘~하며 오다’ 의 의미이고. After I had sent the film to the distributor’s office I got a telegram from the manager that surprised me considerably. I used spotlights / from one S V 동격 ▲ S’ 관계대명사절 V’ O’ side or the other – a method [which is now freely practiced]. for a film I was then shooting.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? I had been accustomed to stage work. a spy came creeping through a curtain. it은 앞의 this trick of lighting을 가리킨다. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting / that I used it throughout the film.
ebsi.” changing their infants at a location outside the home. (A) However However Therefore Therefore In other words (B) For instance Nonetheless Similarly For instance Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master During one study. . wipes. articles of clothing. The new packaging enables parents to remove a wipe with only one hand. and the like.www. the firm redesigned the bottle so that a parent could open it and dispense the liquid with only one hand. wipes. the firm redesigned its travel pack for baby (A) wipes. and the like]. hold는 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의 의미이고. → 타동사 realized의 목적어가 되는 that절(that ~ like) 안에서 while 다음에는 「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략되었다. because절 안에 있는 had는 불완전타동사이고. free는 형용사로 had의 목적격보 어이다. Again. During one study. The problem became particularly acute for parents who were “on the go.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 1~2쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). articles of clothing. the (B) company’s researchers watched as parents had difficulty opening the baby wash bottle while bathing their children because they had only one hand free. (B) . still은 형용사로 ‘움직이지 않는’ 의 의미이며 hold의 목적격보어이다. 01강 9 . . the company’s researchers watched [as parents had difficulty / opening the baby wash bottle / while S 부사절 V S’2 V’2 O’2 S’1 V’1 O’1 = while they were bathing bathing their children / because they had only one hand free]. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A firm’s researchers have learned a great deal by watching many parents changing their babies. they realized [that most moms and dads struggled / to hold their babies still / while reaching S V 목적어절 S’ V’ = while they were reaching for the diaper.co. thus enabling the moms and dads to always keep their other hand on the child. → 시간의 접속사 as가 이끄는 부사절 안에「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략된 부사절(while bathing their children)과 이유의 부사절(because ~ free)이 들어 있는 문장이다. they realized that most moms and dads struggled to hold their babies still while reaching for the diaper.
only one of which was published in his lifetime. This implies that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. a contemporary of Bach wrote more than 600 harpsichord sonatas for Maria Barbara. Only 30 were published during his lifetime. S. → 관계대명사 which는 artists were not previously differentiated from artisans를 선행사로 받고 있다.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In earlier times the term art was used to distinguish works of art from works of nature. who became the queen of Spain. given 다음에 두 개의 that절이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있다. J. Domenico Scarlatti. Between 1704 and 1744 he composed 300 church cantatas. all humanly made things were works of art. Artists were often directed in what to do and when to do it. for example. 10 영어독해연습(2) .틀리기 쉬운 유형 . ① leave their home country ② establish their independence ③ spend money on education ④ hide their lack of knowledge ⑤ be allowed to enter the court Points to Master This implies [that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. which was appropriate given that almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing and that individuality was not expected or highly valued. that is. It means that artists could not by the mid-1700s. Bach. was a church composer who had to produce new music on a weekly basis. which was appropriate / given that S V 목적어절 S’ V’ given에 연결됨 ~을 고려할 때[하면] almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing / and that individuality was not expected or highly valued].
(B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Children think of their potential future occupations in terms of what they will be (firefighters. 시대착오의 (A) ① identity ② identity ③ strategy ④ culture ⑤ culture …… …… …… …… …… (B) annoying substantial annoying substantial constant Points to Master Among adult Americans. “ What do you do ?” / has become / as common a component of an introduction [ as 부사구 S S’ V’ V C 비교 접속사 the anachronistic ”How do you do?” once was]. This suggests that our jobs are an integral part of our .www.ebsi. or what have you). ~ all [the rat (person) wants to do] / is to get to the food / with as little effort as possible / and to rest on a full belly S ▲ 관계대명사절 V C1 C2 / for the most time possible . and all the rat (person) wants to do is to get to the food with as little effort as (B) possible and to rest on a full belly for the most time possible. → 「as +형용사+ a 〔an〕 +명사`+ as + S + V」 구문으로 앞의 as는 부사이고 뒤의 as는 비교를 나타내는 접속사로 ‘~하는 것만큼. Among adult Americans. doctors.co. behavioral economists. the basic economic model of labor generally treats working men and women as rats in a maze: work is assumed to be . not about the amount of money they will earn. In contrast. 01강 11 . “What do you do?” has become as common a component of an introduction as the anachronistic “How do you do?” once was. ~하 는 것과 같이’ 의 의미이다. It seems that many people find pride and meaning in their jobs. teachers. → 주어 all 다음에 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있고 보어인 to get ~ possible과 to rest ~ possible이 병렬로 연결되어 있 다. anachronistic 시대에 뒤진. not merely a way to (A) make money in order to keep a roof over our heads and food in our mouths. -able 〔-ible〕 로 끝나는 형용사는 명사 앞에 최상급이 있을 때 대체로 명사 뒤에 둔다.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 2~3쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).
접속사 than 전후로 to the boy와 to the father가 비교되고 있다. It is hardly strange [that to the boy / the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father]. Asking the child to wait two hours for a piece of candy may be the equivalent of asking the mother to wait twelve hours for a cup of coffee. 가주어 V C 진주어 S’ V’ C’ → It은 가주어이고 that ~ father가 진주어이다. that interval of 730 days represents a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. that interval에서 that은 지시형용사이다. 12 영어독해연습(2) . → 부사절 내의 직접목적어가 되는 that절 안에 다시 부사절 before ~ own이 들어 있고. 전체 문장의 주어는 that ~ days이며. There is a solid mathematical basis for the observation that age often correlates with conservatism: .Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Older people are even more likely to react strongly against any further acceleration of change. It represents over 13 percent of the boy’s lifetime. Similarly. ① the meaning of age varies across cultures ② time passes more swiftly for the old ③ you can’t teach an old dog new tricks ④ one is able to add formulas to knowledge ⑤ we can’t reach old age by another man’s road Points to Master [When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son / that he will have to wait two years / before he can have 부사절 S’1 V’1 S V tells의 목적어절 S’2 V’2 O 부사절 S’3 V’3 a car of his own]. It is hardly strange that to the boy the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father. that interval of 730 days represents / a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son that he will have to wait two years before he can have a car of his own. two hours in the life of a fouryear-old may be the felt equivalent of twelve hours in the life of her twenty-four-year-old mother.
bring ~ to one’s attention은‘~을 …가 주목하게 하다’ 의 의미이다. One study found that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 3~4쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). they often try to address it on their own. blood pressure. staff members wait too long to bring (B) these small problems to the attention of others. cardiac arrest 심장박동 정지 (A) However However Moreover Moreover For example (B) In short Similarly Instead In short Instead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One study found [that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. rather than bringing their concerns to the attention of others. hospital personnel do not necessarily notice the (A) symptoms. within six hours of a cardiac arrest. the patient’s health continues to deteriorate during this window of opportunity when an intervention could perhaps prevent a crisis. During this time. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. S V 목적어절 S’1 V’1 O’1 within six hours of a cardiac arrest. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. and mental status. .ebsi. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Hospitalized patients often display subtle warning signs six to eight hours before a cardiac arrest.www. . small problems begin to arise. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems to the attention of a doctor in only 25% of those situations. → found의 목적어절 안에 등위접속사 yet으로 연결된 절이 또 있는 문장이다. 01강 13 . Meanwhile. such as changes in heart rate. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems / to the attention 부사구 S’2 V’2 O’2 of a doctor / in only 25% of those situations].co. If they notice a problem.
employees received only vague communications during the subsequent three months. stress.PartⅠ 02 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The virtues of are seen in research on how employees in two nearly identical manufacturing plants responded to unexpected news: their parent corporation was merging with another big company. As the program kicked in. the way in which로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. The researchers surveyed employees right after the announcement and found that it provoked widespread dissatisfaction. But there were big differences in how the corporate leaders communicated after the scary announcement. 14 영어독해연습(2) . employees in the “high communication” plant felt more secure about their jobs. In one plant. → to make ~는 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 to부정사구로 두 개의 동사원형 make와 answer가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. less stressed. the way that. ① strong loyalties ③ careful explanations ⑤ uncomplicated strategies ② cooperative teams ④ controllable challenges Points to Master But there were big differences in [ how the corporate leaders communicated / after the scary announcement]. In the second. and reported superior job performance ─ while no such improvements occurred at the other plant. In the second.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . the plant manager met / every week / with supervisors and employees / in each department / to make ▲ announcements and answer questions. and distrust in both plants. the plant manager met every week with supervisors and employees in each department to make announcements and answer questions. The plant published a weekly newsletter with updates about the merger and had a hotline to answer employees’ questions. 이때 how는‘~하는 방식’ 이란 의미로 the way. V S ~하는 방식 S’ V’ → how가 이끌고 있는 절은 전치사 in의 목적어가 된다.
which curves so that the back of the train is visible from the front ─ is a key part of the trip. an international development expert.www. “The decision was partly driven by a concern for the environment. It does not matter that it takes three times longer than flying. and to travel in a more leisurely way. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사 a single track을 부연 설명한다.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 4~6쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ John Meyer. John and his family board a sleeper train from London to the west coast of Scotland. [which curves / so that the back of the train is visible / from the S front] – is a key part of the trip. They spend unstructured days amid the lakes and islands. The journey itself ─ made partly on a single track.co. 02강 15 . 목적어절 → not to overlook ~ doorstep과 to travel ~ way는 a desire를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. decided never to take a vacation by air. The journey itself– made partly on a single track. not the means to get there ② is more expensive than they expected ③ requires them to plan the trip thoroughly ④ is more economical in time and expenses ⑤ makes it difficult to visit tourist attractions Points to Master ~ but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook [what’s on your doorstep]. for John and his family. enjoying breakfast in bed while chugging past some of the world’s most beautiful scenery . cooking or just dreaming. chug (칙칙 소리를 내며) 천천히 가다 ① is the end. hiking.” says John. V C → made가 이끄는 과거분사구는 주어인 The journey를 수식한다. instead of hopping on a cheap flight to Spain. and to travel / in a more leisurely way.” Now.ebsi. “but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook what’s on your doorstep.
형용사적 용법의 to부정사구인 to soothe the savage heart는 the power를 수식한다.C. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest that a good man can seem at first like a dangerous wild animal. like the witch.” for instance. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest [that a good man can seem / at first / like a dangerous wild animal].C. while others. or [that S ▲ V 명사절1 명사절2 true love has the power to soothe the savage heart]. in order have O O. The message will probably be different for each one.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The fairy tale survives because . ① it shows good always defeats evil ② it relieves the anguish of ordinary people ③ its unique settings are different from reality ④ it presents experience in a vivid symbolic form ⑤ it is successfully adapted for a play or a movie Points to Master Sometimes / we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. = the truth → 「have +목적어+목적격보어」구문에서 두 개의 과거분사(구)가 목적격보어가 되어‘목적어가 ~되어지게 하다’ 는 의미를 나타내고 있다. overfeed and try to possess and devour them. even fantastic.1 O. → that이 이끄는 두 개의 명사절이 동사 suggest의 목적어로 병렬되고 있다. in order to comprehend it.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . or that true love has the power to soothe the savage heart. in order to comprehend it은 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 을 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. Sometimes we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. but that is one of the great achievements of the fairy tale ─ traditional or modern. 16 영어독해연습(2) . even fantastic. may dramatize the fact that some parents underfeed and abandon their children physically or emotionally. “Hansel and Gretel.2 to comprehend it.
the school year matched the labor-intensive technology of the time. (A) Furthermore For example However For example However (B) Likewise Likewise Instead Instead Nevertheless ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master William Ogburn pointed out [ that a group’s material culture usually changes first.co.ebsi. once와 long ago는 부사(구) 들이다. playing a game of catch-up].www. 02강 17 . A striking example is our nine-month school year. . Yet our customs have not caught up with our technology. with the nonmaterial culture lagging behind.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 6~7쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). we could type our symptoms into a computer and get an immediate diagnosis and a recommended course of treatment. In some tests. . but that long ago was bypassed by technology. and we continue to visit the doctor’s office. Today when few people farm and there is no need for the school year to be so short. we still live with this cultural lag. Most parents were farmers. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ William Ogburn pointed out that a group’s material culture usually changes first. In the past. we rigorously hold onto (B) some outmoded form ─ one that once was needed. with the nonmaterial culture 목적어절을 이끄는 접속사 with 명사구 lagging behind. 분사 분사구문 → 「with +명사구+ 분사」구문에서 명사구인 the nonmaterial culture와 lag 사이에 의미상 능동의 관계가 성립하므로 현재분사인 lagging이 쓰였다. playing a game of catch-up. → some outmoded form을 부연 설명하는 대명사 one은 두 개의 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. ~ we rigorously hold onto some outmoded form – one [ that / once / was needed]. Sometimes nonmaterial culture never catches up. playing a game of catch-up은 분사구문으로 부대상황을 나타낸다. who needed their children’s help at the crucial times of planting and harvesting. but [ that / long ago / was 선행사 관계대명사절1 관계대명사절2 bypassed by technology ]. computers outperform physicians. when we get (A) sick.
Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? What seems to annoy us in queues is seeing people get ahead. V’ from A(선행사) to B → why절의 주어를 수식하는 from banks to fast-food chains는 ‘A에서 B에 이르는(범위)’ 의 의미로. Yet people prefer the single line.” serpentine 구불구불한 theorem 법칙 ① Service efficiency ③ Optical illusion ⑤ Social justice ② Time perception ④ Brand recognition Points to Master This is why. People get really irritated with that. If you have the multiple lines. you have what happens at McDonald’s at lunchtime. You have the stress of joining a line with a high likelihood that somebody who’s joined a queue next to you will get served before you. so much so that they have said they would be willing to wait in a longer line at Wendy’s. There’s a theorem in queuing theory that says the average wait in either configuration is the same. serpentine line A B You have the stress of joining a line [with a high likelihood [that somebody [who’s joined a queue next to you] ▲ S’(선행사) 관계대명사절 will get served / before you]]. says Larson. you’re guaranteed first come. than in a shorter line at McDonald’s. an authority on queues. says Richard Larson.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 동사구에 쓰인 from systems 은 ‘ 로부터 로(변화)’ 의 의미로 쓰이고 있다. which uses multiple lines. serpentine line. any number of companies – from banks to fast-food 이것이 ~한 이유이다(이런 이유로 ~하다) 동격 명사구 S’ 관계대명사절 from A to B chains – have switched from systems [in which multiple lines feed multiple servers] to a single. This is why. says Richard Larson. where a single line is used. an authority on queues. first served. V’ → with a high likelihood ~ before you는 a line을 수식하고 있으며. 18 영어독해연습(2) . any number of companies ─ from banks to fast-food chains ─ have switched from systems in which multiple lines feed multiple servers to a single. ~ to a single. Why? . “If you have the single serpentine line. that이 이끄는 절은 a high likelihood의 동격 명사절이다. serpentine line.
and S V 비교급+ than ~ (~보다 더 …한) therefore as more persuasive. Aronson. → in which가 이끄는 절은 선행사 a situation을 수식한다.co. a district attorney / is seen / as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal . 비교급(+than ~) → 「see A as B(A를 B로 생각하다.ebsi. One way that communicators can encourage this perception is to argue for positions that seem to . 02강 19 . a district attorney is seen as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal. and Rottman. 간주하다)」구문의 수동태가 쓰였는데. ① boldly challenge criticism ② speak for the minority groups ③ be contrary to their self-interest ④ be unaffected by popular opinions ⑤ correspond with their political conviction Points to Master Consider / a situation [in which a district attorney and a criminal / are each making statements / about [whether 명령형 동사 선행사 관계대명사절 목적어절 law enforcement agencies should be strengthened]]. it is important that a communicator be perceived as unbiased and trustworthy.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 7~8쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Regardless of expertise. and therefore as more persuasive. Normally. the criminal becomes quite persuasive. as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal과 as more persuasive (than a criminal)가 병렬 구조로 연결되어 있다. Communicators are seen as especially trustworthy when they have little to gain from the particular stance they adopt. Normally. about의 목적어절을 이끄는 whether는 ‘~일지’ 의 의미이다.www. But what if the criminal argues in favor of strengthened law enforcement? In this case. Abrahams. Consider a situation in which a district attorney and a criminal are each making statements about whether law enforcement agencies should be strengthened. this was exactly the outcome ─ as long as the speaker was advocating less power for law enforcement agencies. In a study by Walster.
~보다 → 「make + it +목적격보어+ to부정사구」 구문이 사용되고 있는데 it은 가목적어이며. is legally bound to minimize its production of air and water pollution. 목적격보어인 cheaper는 뒤에 오는 than과 함께 비교급 구문 을 이룬다. consider 등이 있다. making it cheaper to produce goods there than in the United States. ① it spreads pollution around the world ② it externalizes costs on a grand scale ③ domestic industries can be seriously damaged ④ some costs are difficult to measure and quantify ⑤ economies in only wealthy countries are stimulated Points to Master Making matters worse. A factory in the United States. the environmental costs of the plywood are usually exported to places where there are few legal controls on pollution and resource extraction. Making matters worse. V’ S’ → Making matters worse는 무인칭 독립분사구문으로 To make matters worse로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. 20 영어독해연습(2) . where가 이끄는 관계부사절 의 주어는 few legal controls이며 동사는 are이다. and internalizing this cost makes a factory less profitable. The environmental costs of producing those hardwood products occur far from the consumer who buys a piece of cheap Brazilian plywood. find. for example. A similar factory in Mexico / might have far less responsibility / for pollution control. Pollution control can be expensive. A similar factory in Mexico might have far less responsibility for pollution control.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A problem with international trade is that . the environmental costs of the plywood / are usually exported / to places [where 설상가상으로 선행사 관계부사절 there are few legal controls / on pollution and resource extraction]. [making it cheaper to 비교급 강조 분사구문(부대상황) produce goods there / than in the United States]. Ongoing protests in the United States and elsewhere around the world against the World Trade Organization and other forces of globalization have been largely about such exporting of massive environmental and social costs of production. 관계부사 다음에는 완전한 문장이 이어진다는 사실에 유의한다.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Tropical hardwood products can be sold extremely cheaply in the United States. to부정사구가 진목적어가 된다. 이와 같은 구문 을 만드는 동사에는 make 이외에 think.
we may go out and them.www. And if we can’t find people who are doing more poorly than we are. we give them a friendly push in the appropriate direction. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ The tendency to seek information about those who have done more poorly than we have is especially pronounced when the stakes are high. they actively hindered their friends when the test was described as an important measure of intellectual ability. Apparently. they become the perfect (B) standard for comparison. when our friends / do not have the good taste [to come in last / so that we can enjoy / the good taste ▲ so that +주어+ can + 동사원형 of coming in first]. either A or B → to provide ~는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구로 the opportunity를 수식한다. 이때 A와 B에는 동사원형인 help와 hinder처럼 문법적으로 대등한 요소 A or B(A 또는 B)」 가 와야 한다. 02강 21 . → to come ~ first는 the good taste를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. Volunteers in one study took (A) a test and were then given the opportunity to provide hints that would either help or hinder a friend’s performance on the same test. Once we’ve successfully sabotaged their performances and ensured their .ebsi.「so that +주어+can +동사원형」 은‘목적(~할 수 있도록)’ 의 의미를 나타낸다.co. ~. Although volunteers helped their friends when the test was described as a game. sabotage (고의로) 방해하다 (A) create create provoke attract attract (B) rage failure abandonment inattention lead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Volunteers in one study / took a test and were then given the opportunity [to provide hints [that would ▲ 선행사 관계대명사절 either help or hinder a friend’s performance / on the same test]]. 선행사 hints를 수식하는 관계대명사절에는 「either 의 상관접속사 구문이 쓰이고 있는데.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 8~9쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Apparently. when our friends do not have the good taste to come in last so that we can enjoy the good taste of coming in first.
전치사 for의 목적어절 → how someone’s parents treat her와 how she treats them이 각각 앞에 있는 watching의 목적어 역할을 하고 있다. 22 영어독해연습(2) . you can get a good feel for [how she’s ~으로써 ~을 잘 알다 likely to treat others]. and those who are raised with love become caring. ① formal ④ delightful ② stressful ⑤ expensive ③ revealing Points to Master Psychologists often point out [that when it comes to child-rearing. The family dinner can be extremely if it’s attended by someone’s parents. what goes around comes around: those who are raised with criticism become critical. and children. you can get a good feel for how she’s likely to treat others.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . and by whom. the crucial scene takes place around the family dinner table. V’1 C’1 S’2 V’2 C’2 → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절이 point out의 목적어 역할을 하고 있고.PartⅠ 03 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In many famous films. especially if the family isn’t your own. what goes around / comes around]: those [who S 관계대명사절 V ~에 관한 한 S’1 주격 관계대명사절 주격 are raised with criticism] become critical . which is a key predictive factor. It’s the perfect forum for drama. and those [who are raised with love] become caring. By watching [how someone’s parents treat her] and [how she treats them]. and it’s fun. will have a tremendous influence on the type of person she is. For one thing. Psychologists often point out that when it comes to childrearing. 주어 역할을 하는 those들(S’1. How someone was raised. S’2)을 who로 이어지는 주격 관계대명사절이 각각 꾸며주고 있다. siblings. you can get a good feel for the person’s background. By watching how someone’s parents treat her and how she treats them.
It’s their unintended results that make me sad.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 9~10쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ With text messages. I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation. S V C → 주어 They는 앞 문장에 나오는 a mobile phone. and an e-mail account. They are great for what they are intended to do. 점점 더 S V O O. what은 선행사를 포함하 는 관계대명사로서 the things which로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. and an e-mail account를 가리키고.www. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good morning to the assistant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? More and more. What good is all this incredible technology if there is no one in the room to hear me crying out “Incredible”? ① gives me freedom ② is making me lazy ③ has advanced a lot ④ has made me lonely ⑤ helped me smile again Points to Master More and more . → 현재분사 hiding은 동사 find의 목적격보어 역할을 하고 있다.C. They are great / for [what they are intended to do]. If my mom has a question. a credit card. I find myself hiding behind e-mail / to do a job meant for conversation.co. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch with others . a credit card. 03강 23 . I just leave the answer on her cell phone. I own a mobile phone.ebsi.
one of the sausage keepers rejected her. [When the beggar asked for a bite]. The other person willingly shared.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal cognition researcher Sarah Marshall Pescini and her colleagues at the University of Milan believe that dogs do indeed engage in interspecies snooping.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . a human “beggar” repeatedly approached two other people holding bowls of aromatic sausages. The dogs decided to beg from the charitable person five times as often as from the stingy one. 허락하다’ 라는 의 미이다. “It was intriguing to discover that dogs . between humans. saying no and flicking one hand. snooping 염탐 morsel 소량.C. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. 부사절 S’ V’ S V O 분사구문 → saying no와 flicking one hand는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며 부대상황을 나타내는 분사구문이다.「allow + O + to V」 는‘(목적어)가 ~하게 하다. one by one. food sharing interactions between humans. 24 영어독해연습(2) . saying no and flicking one hand. When the beggar asked for a bite. one by one. saying “have it” while offering a morsel. food sharing interactions / to부정사구 S V O O. they could approach either one of the people. → To test their hypothesis는 부사적 용법의 부정사구(목적)이고. To test their hypothesis. each still holding bowls of sausage. (음식 따위의) 한입 ① can be selfish just as humans are ② need to be treated in a respectful way ③ assess us in terms of how generous we are ④ are smarter than humans in certain circumstances ⑤ have more energy and better health while on an organic diet Points to Master To test their hypothesis.” Marshall Pescini says. When the beggar left the room and the dogs were freed. During each trial. one of the sausage keepers / rejected her. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe.
www. During periods of inflation. the way it can paper or electronic dollars. gold has been one of the only investments to keep pace with rising prices. . During periods of inflation. which generally accompany inflationary surges. the way it can paper or electronic dollars.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 10~11쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). because the federal government cannot increase the nation’s supply of gold at whim.ebsi. . it turns out that the real force behind gold’s rise is not inflation per se but rather negative real interest rates. because the federal government cannot S V O’ 목적어절 S’ ~하는 식으로 V’ increase / the nation’s supply of gold at whim. and historically gold has been the surest choice. you lose money by parking it in cash or in interest-bearing bills or bonds. When you (A) examine the various economic relationships more closely. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Investors should understand that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge. inflation hedge 인플레이션 대비책 per se 그 자체가 negative real interest rate 마이너스 실질금리 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) However However Similarly Therefore Therefore …… …… …… …… …… (B) Thus Moreover Thus Moreover Conversely Points to Master Investors should understand [that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge]. money flees to (B) investments that keep pace with inflation. gold has been one of the only investments / to keep pace with rising prices. → it can 다음에는 앞에 있는 동사 increase가 생략되었다. When real rates are negative. 부사구 S V C to부정사구 → to keep pace with rising prices는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다.co. 03강 25 . it is more than just an inflation hedge.
D. and sauce) / and asks him to think of a single word S V1 I.O.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . crab. Nevertheless. itself는 앞에서 that절의 주어 역할을 하고 있는 the mind를 가리 킨다. ~와 같은 V2 선행사 [that could form a compound word or phrase with all three]. Jung-Beeman’s experiments go like this: he gives a subject three different words (such as pine. 주격 관계대명사절 → gives와 asks의 주어는 he이고 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며. has spent the last fifteen years trying to understand how the brain. Jung-Beeman found [that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany]. prefrontal cortex 전두엽 피질 epiphany 직관. every successful insight was preceded by the same sequence of cortical events. a cognitive psychologist at Northwestern University. ~. manages to come up with . and sauce) and asks him to think of a single word that could form a compound word or phrase with all three. crab. 26 영어독해연습(2) .O. led by the prefrontal cortex. 통찰 ① ideas for stories ② such creative solutions ③ our own linguistic structures ④ statistical data about the words ⑤ psychological explanations of conflicts Points to Master ~ he gives a subject three different words ( such as pine. a single word가 뒤에 있는 주격 관계대명사절의 수 식을 받고 있다. He wants to f ind the neural source of our breakthrough. the familiar “aha!” moment. Nevertheless. What’s interesting about this type of verbal puzzle is that the answers often arrive in a flash of insight. Jung-Beeman found that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Jung-Beeman. S V S’ V’ O’ → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 동사 found의 목적어 역할을 하고. People have no idea how they came up with the necessary word.
there was an overpowering stench.” she remembers sadly. 분사구문(부대상황) → to find는 결과를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사이고. However. (B) Researchers are currently trying to discover how much recovery is possible in orphans and other children deprived of loving touch in their formative infant and toddler years. hold는 앞에 있는 began to에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. swathe (천으로) 감다. after four days / S’ V’ 한 명씩 부사구 they noticed the infants responding with some degree of S V O O. 싸다 crib 유아용 침대 stench 악취 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) human contact human contact natural immunity cognitive ability cognitive ability …… …… …… …… …… (B) hostility pleasure hostility pleasure indifference Points to Master One volunteer from Seattle [who worked in a Rumanian orphanage] was shocked [when she first arrived / to find S 주격 관계대명사절 V 부사절 to부정사 the babies tightly swathed in blankets / and lying in cribs / with bottles propped against the railings]. and “because (A) all the windows were closed to prevent ear infections.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 11~12쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). and hold the babies one by one]. All of their faces were expressionless. “They had very little .co. However.” Elaine recalls. None of these babies smiled. feed. [when Elaine and other volunteers / began to clean.www. feed. 분사 swathed와 lying은 앞에 있는 the babies의 상태를 나타내며 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One volunteer from Seattle who worked in a Rumanian orphanage was shocked when she first arrived to find the babies tightly swathed in blankets and lying in cribs with bottles propped against the railings. (B) . after four days they noticed the infants responding with some degree of . feed. and hold the babies one by one. → when이 이끄는 부사절에서 clean. 03강 27 . when Elaine and other volunteers began to clean.C.ebsi.
Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If you’re already doing this. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. While the demands are great. 28 영어독해연습(2) . Points to Master Refusing requests can free you / to do the things [that will help you to succeed and move your organization S V O 주격 관계대명사절 forward]. or just letting go of things that you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore. not looking like a superhero. ③ Follow the orders of your superiors. succeed와 move는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루 고 있다. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. not looking like a superhero. Refusing requests can free you to do the things that will help you to succeed and move your organization forward. not looking like a superhero. think about the reasons that it is hard to refuse. another issue is that they haven’t just learned to let go and give a flat refusal. or just letting go of things [that ~이든 아니든 동명사구1 동명사구2 동명사구3 선행사 목적격 you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore]. I’ve worked with senior executives who are killing themselves working way too many hours. ⑤ Organize your business to increase productivity. You would be surprised at how many people in very big jobs have not yet figured this out. ④ Build close relationships with others. → 주격 관계대명사절 that 이하가 앞에 있는 the things를 꾸며주고 있으며. I congratulate you. 그리고 just letting go of things는 전치사 about에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 관계대명사절 V (명령형 동사) 선행사 = why 관계부사절 → 동명사구 disappointing people. ① Work as hard as possible. And then think about what would happen if you could instead say yes to your highest priorities. think about the reasons [ that it is hard to refuse]. ② Practice the art of saying no.
what 이하 절이 앞에 있는 understand의 목적어 역할을 한다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Way back in 1920. we might think of (B) “social intelligence” as a shorthand term for being intelligent not just about our relationships but also in them. → the ability to understand and manage men and women은 뒤에 있는 skills 이하와 동격 관계에 있으며.” skills we all need to live well in the world. This concept lets us look beyond the individual to understand what actually transpires as people interact.co. 목적어절 ~할 때 → 사역동사 lets 뒤의 목적격보어에는 원형부정사 look이 사용되었고.” He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. psychologist Edward Thorndike created the original formulation of “social intelligence. 03강 29 .kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 12~13쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).www. simply being manipulative should not be seen as socially intelligent. S V O O. This concept lets us look beyond the individual / to understand [what actually transpires as people interact].ebsi. 거짓말쟁이 (A) However However Therefore Moreover Moreover (B) Instead Otherwise Otherwise Instead Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. 풋내기의 con man 사기꾼.” skills [ we all need to live well in S V C S’ V’ the world]. callow 미숙한. Even now some descriptions of social intelligence offer no distinctions between the callow aptitudes of a con man and the genuinely caring acts that enrich healthy relationships. skills 뒤에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있다. .C. In my view. that definition also allows (A) pure manipulation to be considered a mark of interpersonal talent. .
앞의 관계대명사절은 목적격 관계대명사 that 〔which〕 이 생략되어 있다. to a goal [ that keeps you motivated (that) you do 주격 관계대명사 and energized]. In this way. 「keep +목적어+목적격보어」 의 구문에서 두 개의 과거분사가 병렬 구조를 이루며 목적격보어로 사용되고 있다. In this way. like providing a new generation of young lawyers with the resources they need to succeed. you can connect every small thing [you do] to the larger picture. 30 영어독해연습(2) . you can connect every small thing you do to the larger picture. Keep going until you get to a result that is . → 두 개의 관계대명사절이 선행사 a task를 수식하고 있는데. to a goal that keeps you motivated and energized. devoid of ~이 없는 ① original ④ flexible ② routine ⑤ meaningful ③ contradictory Points to Master Turn a piece of paper horizontally. Then ask yourself: What is the purpose of this task? What will it accomplish? Draw an arrow to the right and write this answer down. If you’re a law professor and you hate administrative work. → to the larger picture와 to a goal ~은 동격 관계이며. and on the left-hand side write down a task you’re forced to perform at work that feels devoid of meaning.PartⅠ 04 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Try this exercise: Turn a piece of paper horizontally. draw your arrow until you can connect it to something you do care about.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . and on the left-hand side / write down a task [you’re forced to perform at work] V1 주격 관계대명사 O1 V2 O2 목적격 관계대명사절 [ that feels devoid of meaning]. If what you wrote still seems unimportant. ask yourself again: What does this result lead to? Draw another arrow and write this down.
ebsi. The greater the number of factors operating . which in turn are a consequence / of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it . ① the likelihood of time travel ② the complexity of the world ③ the creation of the universe ④ the relativity of time and space ⑤ the meaning of property ownership Points to Master These differing assumptions about change / can be derived from different understandings about ~에서 기원하다 . Asians believe that things are constantly changing. But if the world seems to be a highly complicated place because we’re noticing so much. → 「the +비교급 ~. then stability will be the exception and change will be the rule. The greater the number of factors operating. the greater the likelihood / that some variable will alter the rate the +비교급 ~. which in turn are a consequence of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it. 04강 31 . then there is no reason to assume that it will do anything but continue in the same direction.co. 계속적 용법의 관계대명사 ~대 (~에 대비하여) = the environment → which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사인 different understandings about ~에 대한 부연 설명을 덧붙이고 있는데 and they로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. operating과 direction 뒤에 각각 동사 is 가 생략되어 있다. These differing assumptions about change can be derived from different understandings about . that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 the likelihood의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. the +비교급 … 현재분사로 factors 수식 동격절의 접속사 = change of change / or even reverse its direction. the greater the likelihood that some variable will alter the rate of change or even reverse its direction. then not much change is to be expected. the +비교급 …(~하면 할수록. If change is occurring.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 13~14쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ While Westerners believe that things don’t change much. 더 …하다)」 의 구문이 사용되고 있는데. If the world appears a simple place because we’re not paying attention to much of it.www.
the development of the eye-to-brain neural circuits is a delicate and critical process. But in a young baby. he had been treated for a minor infection. were not being used는 과거진행시제를 수동으로 나타낸 표현이다.” said Greenfield. Because the neurons serving the bandaged eye were not being used during this crucial period of development. 32 영어독해연습(2) . The treatment included having the eye bandaged for two weeks. they were treated by the brain as though they weren’t there at all. they were treated by the brain / as though they weren’t there at all . This would have made little difference to the eye of an adult. The cause of his blindness was a mystery. “the bandaging of the eye was misinterpreted by the brain as a clear indication that .” ophthalmologist 안과 의사 ① the boy had eyesight similar to that of an adult ② two weeks was too short for treating an infection ③ the boy would recover from eye surgery immediately ④ the minor infection hadn’t influenced the boy’s eyesight ⑤ the boy would not be using the eye for the rest of his life Points to Master Because the neurons / serving the bandaged eye / were not being used / during this crucial period of S’ S V 마치 ~처럼(= as if) V’ not ~ at all: 전혀 ~아닌 development. his eye was perfectly normal. who was blind in one eye.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . “Sadly.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The neuroscientist Susan Greenfield illustrates the amazing plasticity of the young brain in a cautionary tale of a six-year-old boy in Italy. They eventually discovered that when he was a baby. As far as the ophthalmologists could tell. → 현재분사 serving이 이끄는 구는 the neurons를 수식하며.
Each seller of ice cream has limited control over the price because other sellers are offering similar products. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The market for ice cream.ebsi. have an impact on: ~에 영향을 미치다 → 「전치사+관계대명사」 절이 선행사인 a market을 수식하고 있는데.. the price of ice (A) cream and the quantity of ice cream sold are not determined by any single buyer and seller. 관계사절 안에는 「so ~ that . A seller has little reason to charge less than the going price. price and quantity are determined by all buyers and sellers as they interact in the marketplace. Each buyer knows that there are several sellers from which to choose. 04강 33 . and each seller is aware that his or her product is similar to that offered by other sellers. .kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 14~15쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ to describe a market in which there are so many buyers and sellers that each has a negligible impact on the market price..co. like most markets in the economy. no single buyer (B) of ice cream can influence the price of ice cream because each buyer purchases only a small amount.www. Rather. is highly competitive. buyers will make their purchases elsewhere. and if he or she charges more.(너무 ~해서 …하다)」 구문이 사 용되고 있다. (A) In addition For example For example As a result As a result (B) Otherwise Similarly However Similarly However ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ / to describe a market [ in which there are so many buyers and sellers / S V O ~하기 위해(목적) = where that each has a negligible impact on the market price].
while the fast ones say [that they are above average in S V 목적어절(접속사 that 생략) S’ V’ reflexes]. 34 영어독해연습(2) . Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence that you are not as beneficent and effective as you would like people to think.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . the fast ones에서 ones는 drivers를 대신하는 부정대명 사이다.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Indeed..” in which people invent a new opinion to resolve a contradiction in their minds. even driving skill. dissonance 부조화 ① break your own records ② follow common sense ③ rely on temporary measures ④ make up your self-serving story ⑤ accept the reality of the situation Points to Master The slow drivers say [they are above average in safety]. most people claim they are above average in any positive trait you name: leadership. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence / that you are not as beneficent and effective / as you be triggered by ~: ~에 의해 유발되다 동격절의 접속사 would like people to think. More generally. They rationalize the boast by searching for an aspect of the trait that they might in fact be good at. while the fast ones say that they are above average in reflexes. Everyone has heard of “reducing cognitive dissonance. we delude ourselves about how benevolent and how effective we are. → 대조의 의미를 나타내는 접속사 while에 의해 두 개의 절이 연결되어 있으며. → that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 obvious evidence의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다.「as ~ as . sophistication.(…만큼 ~ 한)」 는 원급 비교의 표현에 해당한다. athletic prowess. The slow drivers say they are above average in safety. managerial ability.. The urge to reduce it is the urge to .
co. 「it was ~ that . and I honestly began to think less of the Master.ebsi..www. although가 이끄는 절이 그 사이에 들어 있는 구조이다. rekindle 다시 불러일으키다 ① saying it simpler ② adding many details ③ changing the pitch of his voice ④ ignoring the audience’s response ⑤ using silence as an intentional strategy Points to Master Yet it was upon maybe the third visit / that I realized [how. he was able to reduce everything that he knew to the concentrated essence of what he wished to convey. 동사 realized의 목적어절 은 how가 이끌고 있다. he was able to reduce everything [ that he knew] to the concentrated through -ing: ~을 통하여 reduce A to B: A를 B로 줄이다 목적격 관계대명사 essence / of what he wished to convey. Through focusing on the basics of basics. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. I visited the master of Swiss typographic design. Through focusing on the basics of basics. he was each time he said it. I marveled at Weingart’s ability to give the exact same introductory lecture each year. 매번 ~할 때마다 → 「it was ~ that . His unique example rekindled my excitement for teaching. Yet it was upon maybe the third visit that I realized how..kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 15~16쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A few years ago. “Doesn’t he get bored?” Saying the same thing over and over had no value in my mind. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing.. I thought to myself.」 의 강조 구문을 이용하여 부사구인 upon maybe the third visit를 강조하고 있으며. how가 이끄는 절의 주어는 he인데. in Maine to give a lecture for his then regular summer course. 04강 35 .」 강조 구문 목적어절 he was / each time he said it]. Wolfgang Weingart. → that은 목적격 관계대명사로 생략이 가능하며.. what은 전치사 of의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절을 이끌고 있으며 ‘~하는 것’ 의의 미로 번역된다.
but one can ask / whether. The estimates for cleaning and rehabilitating a single bird were about $32.000 of taxpayers’ money] – an amount V’ might have p. I’m sure Forgea was adorable and didn’t deserve to die.000 of taxpayers’ money와 an amount ~는 동 격 관계에 있다. In a similar vein. and health care? Just because we doesn’t mean that this tendency always helps us to make better decisions ─ even when we want to help. rehabilitate 원상태로 돌리다 otter 수달 ① care more about vivid examples of misery ② react to people who are destroying themselves ③ are purchasing pets that later become unwanted ④ don’t step in to help those who are less fortunate ⑤ enact strict laws to prevent environmental pollution Points to Master I’m sure / Forgea was adorable / and didn’t deserve to die.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .: ~이었을 것이다 [ that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans].000 of taxpayers’ money ─ an amount that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans.000. consider the disastrous oil spill from the wrecked Exxon Valdez. But does it really make sense to spend so much money on an animal when doing so takes away resources from other things such as immunization. education. it’s very hard to see a suffering dog. or otter. $48. bird. saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission that cost $48. ~ be sure (that) 목적어절 S’ 주격 관계대명사 S 주격 관계대명사 V 목적어절 saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission [ that cost $48. → 접속사 whether가 이끄는 절은 동사 ask의 목적어 역할을 하고 있으며.p. but one can ask whether.000 and for each otter about $80. Of course. in the grand scheme of things.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A few years ago a two-year-old white terrier named Forgea spent three weeks alone aboard a tanker drifting in the Pacific after its crew abandoned ship. 36 영어독해연습(2) . in the grand scheme of things.
S.ebsi. markets to bring their prices in line with those of domestically produced products. International Trade Commission.S. which – on average – rejects about half the claims [it receives]. firms claiming that dumping threatens to (B) hurt their business can file a complaint with the U. S’(관계대명사) (that) it receives → 현재분사 claiming은 주어인 U. businesses often complain that charges of dumping must undergo a lengthy investigative and bureaucratic procedure before the government assesses . In retaliation for this with free trade. Government support may permit these firms to extend their export markets by offering lower prices abroad. which의 선행사는 the U.S.S. International Trade Commission이다. U. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The practice of selling a product in a foreign market at a price lower than it commands in the producer’s domestic market is called dumping. the United States (A) adds import tariffs to products that foreign firms dump on U.co. International S 목적어절 V V’ file a complaint: 고소하다 Trade Commission. However.S.S. which ─ on average ─ rejects about half the claims it receives.www.S. retaliation 보복 (A) agreement interference obsession interference obsession (B) product quality import duties income taxes product quality import duties ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master U. Critics of free trade often argue that foreign governments give substantial support to their own exporting companies. firms를 수식하고 있으며 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 claiming의 목적어 역할을 한다. firms claiming [that dumping threatens to hurt their business] can file a complaint / with the U.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 16~17쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). 04강 37 .
When they take a test on [ what they have studied].PartⅠ 05 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? We remember better when cues present during learning are present during recall. if the weather is pleasant. / and then 동명사1 주격 관계대명사 learning in the presence of those cues. often while lying on a bed and eating some sort of snack. Often friends stop by and chat. Students typically do exactly the opposite: They study in their room. typically in the presence of a number of other students with whom they cannot converse. seated in a rather uncomfortable chair. → what they have studied는 전치사 on의 목적어 역할을 하는 관계대명사절이다. When they take a test on what they have studied. Or. Students find themselves unable to recall facts that they “knew cold” before they walked into the classroom. 동명사2 → by -ing는 ‘~함으로써’ 라는 의미로 by 뒤에 identifying ~과 learning ~이 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. / they are typically in a classroom. ① efforts ④ preference ② context ⑤ intelligence ③ motives Points to Master It follows that we can improve performance / by identifying cues [ that will be present during recall]. they are typically in a classroom. These differences in no doubt account for some forgetting. 전치사 with를 converse 뒤로 보내 ~ a number of other students (whom) they cannot converse with로 표현할 수도 있다. / seated in a rather 관계대명사(~ 것) (being) seated ~ 수동형 분사구문 목적격 관계대명사 uncomfortable chair. It follows that we can improve performance by identifying cues that will be present during recall. and studying gets mixed up with socializing.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 38 영어독해연습(2) . they sit under a large tree or on a park bench. with whom 이하는 a number of other students를 수식하는 관계대명사절로. / typically in the presence of a number of other students [with whom they cannot converse]. and then learning in the presence of those cues.
if a desire that arises for you is to be the CEO of your company. Yeah but I don’t have the education. Before .” The “yeah buts” are your mind’s way of protecting you from disappointment. would you be willing to go for it if you really. if a desire [ that arises for you] is to be the CEO of your company.) For example. be prepared for the “yeah but” [ that S’ 주격 관계대명사 V’ 명령문 주격 관계대명사 says you couldn’t possibly]. The critic within splashes buckets of ice water on your tiny embers of desire. however. → that says 이하는 the “yeah but”을 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. Deal with the “yeah buts” one by one. (구어체에서는 보어로 복수형이 나오더라도 단수형 동사가 쓰이기도 한다.” The list can go on and on. For example. “Yeah but I’m too old. what이 이끄는 절이 주어 역할을 할 경우 보어로 나오는 명사의 수에 따라 동사의 수가 결정된다.www. strategically.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 17~18쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings are what I call the “yeah buts. truly wanted it? ① being persuaded by flattery ② taking others’ sensible advice ③ following your unrealistic plan ④ giving in to that negative belief ⑤ feeling disappointed by bad results Points to Master What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings / are [what I call the “yeah buts. They act like realistic rational adults extinguishing your rediscovered possibilities. 보어는 what절로 표현되었지만 what이 지칭하는 명사는 the“yeah buts” 이며. the “yeah but”이 단수 형태이므로 동사도 이에 따라 단수 형(says)이 사용되었다. 이는 복수형이므로 be 동사 are가 사용되었다.co.”] 관계대명사(~ 것들) S V → What은 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사로. be prepared for the “yeah but” that says you couldn’t possibly. Is it really absurd? Is it truly so impossible? If not. 05강 39 . Yeah but it’s too late. take a good hard look at your vision.ebsi. you couldn’t possibly 뒤에는 be the CEO of your company가 생략되어 있다. 위 문장의 경우.
He is a complicated person.O. and sometimes S 주격 관계대명사 V O open hostility. He created complex characters with real lives and real problems. blacks.O. 전체 문장을 If you take a closer look at the character. S V I. A closer look at the character. 관계대명사절인 who ~ mold가 선행사인 anyone else를 수식하고 있다. and anyone else who didn’t fit the English mold faced discrimination. 40 영어독해연습(2) . if you see Shakespeare’s characters in black and white. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. though. though. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. and anyone else [ who didn’t fit the English mold] faced discrimination. → Jews ~ else가 문장의 주어이며 동사는 faced이다. In his plays. though. though. he tried to . and his plays reflect the society in which he lived.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Therefore.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Shakespeare’s England was not politically correct by modern standards. blacks. loan shark 고리대금업자 ① escape from conflicting realities ② avoid stereotyping his characters ③ promote harmony among the races ④ criticize the corruption of the rulers ⑤ classify people into many groups Points to Master Jews. you will see that ~으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. restrictive laws. → A closer look at the character는 조건절을 대신하는 명사구로. For example. Jews. D. you will miss the most interesting aspects of his plays. He has been treated cruelly and has borne that cruelty with patience. at first glance. restrictive laws. Shakespeare grew up in this environment. A closer look at the character. and sometimes open hostility. Shylock ─ the Jewish moneylender in The Merchant of Venice ─ is cruel and greedy.
05강 41 . (A) Likewise For instance Likewise For instance By contrast (B) Therefore In addition That is However In addition ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master However.www. or gamma rays. allow ~ to . → each 다음에 being이 생략된 분사구문으로. it prevents us from observing many objects in space that emit other types of radiation.: ~가 …하도록 허용하다 → given that은 ‘~라는 것을 고려하면’ 이라는 뜻이다. However. dozens of other space telescopes have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades. each able to detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. Many people think only of the Hubble Space Telescope when they hear the term “space telescope. This fact is crucial to the survival of humans and other life forms because exposure to that radiation would be deadly. They designed a telescope that could be placed into space beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.” .ebsi. each는 each space telescope를 뜻한다. scientists devised a good solution. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. each able to dozens of: 수십 개의 S V ~에 걸쳐서 detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. ultraviolet. . given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. ~. from the ground we cannot study celestial bodies that (A) radiate only in wavelengths of infrared..kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 18~19쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). In the 1970s. X-rays. ~.co. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The Earth’s atmosphere provides an effective filter for many types of cosmic radiation. dozens of other space telescopes (B) have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades..
but there is not much extra gain in having two. the more you can prosper. And the engine that is driving prosperity in the modern world is . / the idea will not grow stale or 아무리 ~할지라도(양보 부사절) A B useless or fray at the edges. 닳다 ① the fair evaluation of intellectual property ② the increasing demand for brand-new stuff ③ the accelerating generation of useful knowledge ④ the cost-effective production of high quality goods ⑤ the productive investment in the real economy Points to Master The more you prosper. the idea will not grow stale or useless or fray at the edges. the very opposite happens. the more inventions become possible. the +비교급 the +비교급 → 「the +비교급 ~. pecan 피칸(미국산 견과류) fray 해어지다. the more you can prosper. The more knowledge you generate. → tell은 4형식 구조로 사용되는 동사 중 하나로. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. It gives without losing. the more you can generate. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. 42 영어독해연습(2) . for example. let alone three. The more you invent. tell A B는 ‘A에게 B를 말하다’ 라는 뜻이다. But the idea ‘bicycle’ does not diminish in value. the +비교급 …」 은 ‘~하면 할수록 더 …하다’ 라는 뜻을 나타낸다. So. But the world of ideas is not.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 동사 grow와 fray는 will not 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The more you prosper. Indeed. How can this be possible? The world of things ─ of pecans or power stations ─ is indeed often subject to diminishing returns. One bicycle is very useful. a bicycle is a thing and is subject to diminishing returns.
and there is on both sides. They also tend to downplay the consequences of their actions. Those [who are hurt] tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern [ that S V 전치사1 전치사2 주격 관계대명사 is inexcusable and immoral]. in contrast.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 19~20쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). 05강 43 . who. may see an offense as bigger than it really is.ebsi. Each person has his or her own truth. → who는 the hurt person을 부가적으로 설명해주는 관계절을 이끄는 관계대명사이다. who . Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern that is inexcusable and immoral.www. Therefore.co. These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. in contrast. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Apologies often fail. researchers have found that those who cause harm tend to the offense ─ probably to protect themselves from (A) shame and guilt. may see an offense as bigger than S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) it really is. Examining personal narratives. as one ~ consequences와 as part ~ immoral이 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. (A) minimize minimize commit overestimate overestimate (B) openness distortion reconciliation jealousy immorality ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. → see A as B는 ‘A를 B로 여기다’ 라는 뜻으로. One reason apologies fail is that the offender and the victim usually see the event differently. to (B) apologize sincerely we must first listen attentively to how the other person really feels about what happened ─ not simply assert what we think happened.
It’s only when the new way of thinking about or seeing the world is seen by enough practitioners to provide a more useful field to work in ─ to provide. ~을 알아내기 위해 → who have ~ come about은 others를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. heads turned and hearts all aflutter / S ~의 결과로 V S’ (being) turned (being) all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . as Kuhn puts it. heads turned and hearts all aflutter는 부대상황을 나타내는 독립분사구문이다. is that most of the big breakthroughs of science have been rejected or at least heavily criticized by those already practising in the field. didn’t gather. heads turned and hearts all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s more than 40 years since Thomas Kuhn published his masterpiece on how scientific revolutions happen. Kuhn discovered [ that the cheering crowds of converts. Curiously. Unlike others who have theorized about how the big changes in science come about. more interesting problems to wrestle with ─ that . Kuhn bothered to go back to the original sources ─ to find out what actually happened. V’ → that ~ gather는 discovered의 목적어절로. didn’t gather]. The sad truth. Nobody sang. convert 전향자 aflutter 흥분하여 ① scientific paradigms shift ② revolutionary theories fail ③ people support traditional values ④ science is considered significant ⑤ scientists come up with original ideas Points to Master Unlike others [ who have theorized about / how the big changes in science come about]. how ~ about은 첫 번째 about의 목적어절 역할을 한다. 44 영어독해연습(2) . Kuhn bothered to go back ~와 달리 주격 관계대명사 S V to the original sources – to find out [what actually happened]. Kuhn points out. Kuhn discovered that the cheering crowds of converts. What did Galileo or Newton or Einstein’s contemporaries actually think about the ideas proposed by these shapers of our scientific tradition? Curiously.
we have a handy notation that writes 10n to denote (A) the number which is 1 followed by n noughts. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. not for every one ~은 (we do) not (have words) for every one ~의 의미를 나타낸다.ebsi. This is why our counting system is called a ‘decimal’ system. or mixtures of all or some of these systems. → 목적격 관계대명사 that이 이끄는 절이 선행사 every one을 수식하며. There is no limit to its scope if you have enough labels to name the results. Most ancient human cultures used their fingers in some way for counting. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. It is at our fingertips. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ We count in ‘tens. but not for every one [that you might S V O = every number need to write down].kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 20~21쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). . groups of twenty (fingers plus toes).co. . 05강 45 . ~ we have a handy notation [ that writes 10n / to denote the number [ which is 1 followed by n noughts]]. 영 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) Instead Instead Similarly Otherwise Otherwise …… …… …… …… …… (B) In addition As a result In addition As a result In other words Points to Master We have words like million. The origin of all these tens in the counting system is not hard to find. decimal system 십진법 nought 0.www. ten tens make a hundred. but not for every one that you might need to write down. groups of ten (fingers of both hands). 1 followed by n noughts는 과거분사 followed가 이끄 는 구가 1을 수식하는 형태로. you find counting (B) systems based on groups of five (fingers of one hand). which is 1 followed by n noughts는 ‘1 다음에 n개의 영(0)이 따라오는’ 이라는 의미이다. 주격 관계대명사 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 주격 관계대명사 ▲ → the number는 which가 이끄는 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. ~. We have words like million.’ Ten ones make ten. so a thousand is 103. ten hundreds make a thousand and so on forever.
for your doctor would be violating background assumptions ─ your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work.. ‘S가 V하는 방식’ 으로 해석된다. your doctor does not offer you a haircut. even if he or she is good at cutting hair and you need one! ① ancient symbols ② instinctive desires ③ linguistic interactions ④ non-mainstream cultures ⑤ commonsense understandings Points to Master You would feel strange about this.. ~.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .PartⅠ 06 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Certainly one of the strangest words in sociology is ethnomethodology. the way life is와 the way things ought to work는 These assumptions . 46 영어독해연습(2) . your doctor remarks that your hair is rather long. 전치사 about의 목적어로 쓰이고 있는 「the way+S+V」 구문으로. 목적어절1 목적어절2 → background assumptions와 your ideas ~는 동격 관계를 이루고 있는 명사구들이다.」 은 ‘너무 ~해서 …하다’ 는 의미를 나타낸다. Thus. These assumptions. then takes out a pair of scissors and starts to give you a haircut. and most of us fulfill them unquestioningly. = these assumptions → 「so ~ that .” Specifically. ethnomethodology focuses on how people use to make sense of life. Ethnomethodology means “the study of how people do things. Let’s suppose that during a routine office visit. [which lie at the root of everyday life]. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions – your ideas 접속사(이유) 동격 about the way life is and the way things ought to work . are so deeply embedded / in our consciousness / that we S(선행사) 관계대명사절 V are seldom aware of them . which lie at the root of everyday life. You would feel strange about this. seldom은 ‘좀처럼 ~않는’ 의 뜻이다. are so deeply embedded in our consciousness that we are seldom aware of them.
co.www. ultimately. 주격 관계대명사 ~라는 이유만으로 → people은 동사 keep과 reward의 공통 목적어로. nothing I say means anything. they espouse the company’s values / at the top of their lungs. And here. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product to make the month’s sales quota. Or put another way: don’t trust me. They tell people to take risks but excoriate them when they fail. Trust. 놓아두다)」구문이다. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product / to make S V1 V2 the month’s sales quota. but keep and reward people 목적어(선행사) [ who don’t live those values] / simply because they make the numbers. but keep and reward people who don’t live those values simply because they make the numbers. All that tells the organization is.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 21~22쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One strong trust killer is when people .ebsi. isn’t very complicated. They proclaim a commitment to customer service. 06강 47 . → let the factory ship은「사역동사+목적어+원형부정사(~가 …하는 것을 허용하다. but punish them if the numbers fall short. even at the end of a decent year. sales quota는 Or perhaps worst of all. they espouse the company’s values at the top of their lungs. excoriate 몹시 비난하다 endorse 승인하다 espouse 옹호하다 ① show off too much ② whisper against a person ③ say one thing and do another ④ shift the responsibility onto others ⑤ fail to do something and make excuses Points to Master They proclaim a commitment to customer service. Or perhaps worst of all. They endorse stretch budgets and invite their people to dream big. It’s earned through words and actions ─ and integrity in both. bosses are the main culprits. 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. to make the month’s ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구로 앞에 in order나 so as를 첨가할 수 있다.
and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a S’ 원형부정사2 V’1 원형부정사 V’2 원형부정사1 cookie jar and hide it in a drawer.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In the 1920s. the child cannot understand how different minds can contain different things. the psychologist Jean Piaget noticed that the young child often fails to distinguish between her perception of an object and the object’s actual properties. 원형부정사를 목적격보어로 취하고 있다. she expects [that her playmate / will later look for the cookie / in the drawer] S V 목적어절 – despite the fact [that her playmate was not in the room ~ from the jar]. hence she tends to believe that things really are as they appear to be ─ and that therefore. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. ① others must see the things as she does ② there is something that exists unnoticed ③ all properties of an object are not constant ④ everybody knows what the world looks like ⑤ she cannot learn about the things through senses Points to Master When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. 전치사(~에도 불구하고) 동격절 → When이 이끄는 부사절에 쓰인 두 개의 동사 sees는 지각동사로. Without a distinction between things in the world and things in the mind. . she expects that her playmate will later look for the cookie in the drawer ─ despite the fact that her playmate was not in the room when the adult moved the cookie to the drawer from the jar. remove와 hide는 목 적어 an adult에 대한 목적격보어로 병렬 구조를 이룬다. Why? Because the two-year-old child knows the cookie is in the drawer and thus expects that everyone else knows this as well. When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. 48 영어독해연습(2) .틀리기 쉬운 유형 . that her playmate was ~ from the jar는 the fact와 동격을 이루고 있는 명사절이다.
Snowflakes commonly fall during winter in many cold regions of the world.ebsi. But unlike snowflakes. S 양보의 부사절 V → although가 이끄는 부사절에서 접속사 although 다음에 「주어+ be동사」 . Diamond dust. it does not accumulate rapidly on the ground. is less common. [although / in some ways / similar to snowflakes].co. .kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 22~23쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Diamond dust.www. it is very small and light. which are often seen on Christmas cards. Like snowflakes. is simpler in form. although in some ways similar to snowflakes. Therefore. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ Two kinds of things that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day are snowflakes and diamond dust. 따라서 복수명사구인 Two kinds of things를 수식하는 주격 관계대 명사절의 동사로 복수형인 fall이 쓰이고 있다. They have a six-sided shape with many complex designs. 즉 it(= diamond dust) is가 생략되어 있다. is simpler / in form. It is typically only found in very (A) cold areas such as the North and South Poles. S(선행사) 주격 관계대명사절 V C → 주격 관계대명사절의 동사는 선행사와 수를 일치시켜야 한다. 06강 49 . (A) on the other hand for example for example on the other hand in other words (B) In addition Similarly In addition Consequently Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Two kinds of things [that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day] are snowflakes and diamond dust. . Diamond dust. it has a straight (B) shape. Snowflakes are relatively large and build up on the ground quickly during a heavy snow storm. diamond dust has a six-sided shape. instead of having many unusual shapes.
widely regarded 이하 또한 Guernica (the painting)를 부가적으로 설명해주고 있다. Rather. and so on. the consequence of . → how 이하는 show의 목적어절에 해당하며. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. 지층 ① an accidental event ③ continuous education ⑤ extraordinary circumstances ② a lifetime of devotion ④ an interaction with peers Points to Master The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly / by examining Guernica . → Guernica와 동격 관계에 있는 the painting을 inspired ~ War가 수식하고 있다. 50 영어독해연습(2) . untainted. mystical creativity is. in fact. the painting S (which was) inspired ~ V by -ing: ~함으로써 Guernica와 동격 [inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War]. incremental 증가하는 stratum 층. because all forty-f ive preliminary sketches are numbered and dated. built up ~ years는 the knowledge를 수식한다. the sketches show how Picasso wielded the knowledge built up over thirty years to construct the multiple layers: the first sketch. the painting inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. is based on Picasso’s earlier work.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly by examining Guernica. Rather. And guess what? Guernica was nothing like a bolt from above. the sketches show [how Picasso wielded the knowledge [built up over thirty years] to construct the S V 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 multiple layers]: ~. Each stratum of the masterwork is drawn from experience. We know a lot about how the painting was created.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . others are drawn from his knowledge of Goya. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. What seems like pure. underpinning the overall structure.
06강 51 . moving ~ see는 behavior를 수식한다. 기동 훈련 ① go back home ③ escape from the flock ⑤ put others before yourself ② act as a leader ④ follow your neighbor Points to Master Any individual can initiate a movement. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ 관계대명사(~ 것) ” behavior [ moving faster than the eye which moves ~ S V can see].” ~와 같은 which spreads through the group / at an astounding speed.www. The same goes for flocks of birds.ebsi.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 23~24쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ If you’ve ever gone snorkeling. 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) → this는 앞 문장의 a movement를 가리킨다. or sense. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로. such as a change in direction. you may have seen the astonishing sight: an entire school of fish suddenly changes direction en masse. they are ready to react more quickly than they would without such advance notice.co. Rather. en masse 집단으로. such as a change in direction. the wave coming toward them. the individual fish or bird is reacting almost instantly to the movements of its neighbors in the school or flock. as one unit.” which spreads through the group at an astounding speed. Because individuals can see. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ ” behavior moving faster than the eye can see. So are they all following the commands of a leader? Researchers have determined that there is no leader or controlling force. / and this sends out a “maneuver wave. and this sends out a “maneuver wave. → 관계대명사 what이 이끄는 절이 문장의 주어 역할을 하고 있다. 일제히 maneuver 움직임. 앞의 a “maneuver wave”를 부가적으로 설 명해주는 역할을 한다. Any individual can initiate a movement.
as a similar example. 「의문사 how +주어+동사 ~」 의 어순을 취하고 있음에 유의한다. have we discovered bed rest isn’t the best treatment. slowly but surely we will . first published by Galileo. who claimed that heavy S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) things fall faster.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . How did this discovery come about? A researcher surveyed multiple databases of trials and results for patients with back pain. refuted Aristotle. ① be more obedient to authority ② rely on evidence over tradition ③ return to natural healing methods ④ find inspirations from conventional wisdom ⑤ educate patients to maintain a better posture Points to Master This simple and readily tested observation. This simple and readily tested observation. refuted Aristotle.” We are left to wonder how people could have believed what they were told for two millennia without ever checking.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? As schoolchildren. “I greatly doubt that Aristotle ever tested by experiment whether it be true. Only recently. though.. the time-honored advice for those suffering from bad backs has been bed rest. and isn’t even particularly good compared to moderate activity. we learn that different weights fall at the same speed. We are left to wonder [how people could have believed / what they were told for two millennia / without ever S V 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사(~ 것) checking]. → how 이하는 wonder의 목적어 역할을 하며. Galileo put it in Two New Sciences. Like the researcher. first published by Galileo. who claimed that heavy things fall faster. 52 영어독해연습(2) .. → first ~ Galileo는 주어인 This simple ~ observation을 부가적으로 설명하는 역할을 한다. Even today.
→ 두 번째 that은 is의 보어절을 이끄는 역할을 하며. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ An unexpected research f inding that may have great practical signif icance is that experimental animals live longer with much lower rates of disease when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 24~25쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). and too much of a good thing may be doing us harm. although there is every reason [ to believe / they apply]. none of us would be overweight. but remain V1 to부정사의 형용사적 용법 V2 unproved for humans.www. The finding is unexpected because we associate less-than-optimal nutrition with poor growth and health. (A) medication medication digestion undernutrition undernutrition (B) self-controlled undernourished disease-free overnourished weight-conscious ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master An unexpected research finding [ that may have great practical significance] is that experimental animals live longer / S 전치사구 주격 관계대명사 V S’ V’ with much lower rates of disease / when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. In fact. they는 앞의 experimental animals를 가리킨다. most of us may be . The health and longevity benefits of are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. and common sense tells us that we do better if we are well nourished. The health and longevity benefits of S = even though (A) are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. → 동사 are clearly established와 동사 remain이 주어 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어져 있으며.co. they는 주절의 주어인 The health and (A) 를 가리킨다. If we all lived in (B) controlled environments and had measured portions of monotonous food dispensed to us at regular intervals. longevity benefits of 06강 53 . but remain unproved for (A) humans.ebsi. although there is every reason to believe they apply.
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