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빈칸 완성 / 연결사 넣기 집필자 페이지
01강 02강 03강 04강 05강 06강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 민판규 김윤자 한희정 / 김윤자
6 14 22 30 38 46
Part II 어법성 판단 / 무관한 문장 찾기 / 글의 순서 / 단일 장문
강 집필자 페이지
07강 08강 09강 10강 11강 12강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 전광훈 / 최현규
54 62 70 78 86 94
어휘 추론 / 단락 속에 문장 넣기 / 문단 요약 / 복합 장문 집필자 페이지
13강 14강 15강 16강 17강 18강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 민판규 / 김찬규
102 110 118 126 134 142
EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)에 들어오셔서 회원으로 등록하세요. 본 방송 교재의 강의 프로그램은 EBS 인터넷 방송을 통해 다시 보실 수 있습니다. (VOD 무료 서비스 실시) 교재 및 강의 내용에 관한 문의는 EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)의 학습 Q`&`A 서비스를 활용하시기 바랍니다.
본 교재는 대학수학능력시험을 준비하는 데 도움을 주고자 제작되었으며, 교육과정에 부합한 내용으로 구성되었다. 특히 학생들의 읽기 능력 신장을 목적으로 범교과적 내용의 다양한 글 과 정보를 제시하고 있으며, 교육과정 상의 어휘 범주를 고려하여 제작하였다. 교과서로 기본 개념을 익힌 후 본 교재를 활용하여 실제 응용력을 키우게 함으로써, 교육과정 성취 목표 도달 과 함께 대학수학능력시험 대비에 도움이 되도록 하였다. 전체적인 구성
Part I ~ Part III
PartⅠ은 1강부터 6강까지로 빈칸 완성(단어·구·절 완성, 빈칸 2개 완성), 연결사 넣기의 유형으로 구성되어 있으며, PartⅡ는 6강에서 12 강까지로 어법성 판단, 무관한 문장 찾기, 글의 순서, 단일 장문의 유형 으로 구성되고 있고, PartⅢ는 어휘 추론, 단락 속에 문장 넣기, 문단 요약, 복합 장문의 유형으로 구성되어 있다.
Type 1 ~ Type 8
각 강별로 총 8문항(복합 장문의 경우 9문항)이 제시되어 있으며, Part 별로 동일한 유형을 계속 반복 학습할 수 있도록 하였다.
Points to Master
구문 분석이 필요한 문장을 골라 문장 성분이나 문법 요소, 수식 관계, 주요 어구의 의미 등을 표시하였다. 또한 볼드체로 표시된 부분은 설명 을 덧붙여 이해를 돕고자 하였다.
각 문항에 대해 정확한 해석과 상세한 해설, 그리고 구조가 복잡한 문 장에 대한 구문해설, 그리고 어휘 풀이를 달아 학습에 도움을 주고자 하였다.
활용법 본 교재를 효과적으로 활용하여 독해 능력을 향상시키기 위해서 다음과 같은 사항을 반드시 지키도록 하자.
1. 시청의 생활화
방송 강의의 특성상 시청 시간을 놓치면 보충할 기회를 마련하기 어렵다. 따라서, 방송 시간을 고려하여 하루 일 과와 일주일 계획을 짜야 한다. 강의를 시청할 수 없을 경우에는 학습의 일관성 유지를 위해 인터넷 방송으로 다 시보기를 통하여 학습하도록 한다.
2. 철저한 예습
단순히 강의만 열심히 들으면 독해력이 저절로 향상될 것이라고 믿기 쉬우나 사실은 그렇지 않다. 강의를 듣기 전에 스스로 지문의 내용을 이해하려는 노력이 필요하다. 따라서, 예습을 통해 학습할 내용이 무엇인지, 강의를 들을 때 특히 주의할 사항이 무엇인가를 미리 파악해 두어야 한다.
3. 적극적이고 능동적인 강의 참여
수동적이고 소극적으로 강의를 듣기만 할 것이 아니라 강의하는 선생님과 토론하고 대화한다는 자세로 임하는 것이 중요하다. 이와 같은 자세는 핵심적인 부분의 이해와 학습 내용의 기억에 도움이 된다. 또한 필요한 경우 중 요한 사항을 교재 여백에 메모하여 강의를 듣는 것이 좋다. 이것은 학습 내용의 심층적인 이해와 효율적인 복습 을 위해 꼭 필요하다.
4. 복습과 정리를 통한 내면화
외국어 학습은 반복이 중요하다. 따라서 학습한 내용을 다시 한 번 복습해 보면서 주요 어휘, 구문, 글의 전개 방 식을 정리하고 이것을 독해와 문제 풀이에 연관시키는 훈련을 하면 독해력 향상 및 문제 풀이 방법 터득에 만전 을 기할 수 있다.
You start out hating everything you’re writing.PartⅠ 01 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Writing is a love-hate relationship. So how can you analyze your own work without prejudice? There are certain things you can do to gain some perspective. Putting your work away for a while ─ sometimes weeks or months ─ can allow you to come back not so enamored by it. Falling in love with a new piece of material can also help. and perhaps most important step. and end up blinded by love for every word you’ve put on paper. and end up blinded by love / for every word [you’ve put on paper]. ① busyness ④ ignorance ② indifference ⑤ familiarity ③ complexity Points to Master You start out hating everything [you’re writing]. It gives you a chance to read it almost as if it’s someone else’s. or the other way around. This is the first. S V1 부대상황 V2 부대상황 or the other way around. → start out과 end up이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있으며. 6 영어독해연습(2) . everything과 every word 다음에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이나 which가 생략되어 있다. In order to judge your own work objectively.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . you must get distance. because is the greatest enemy for evaluating your own writing. hating ~과 blinded ~는 둘 다 부대상황의 분사구문이 다.
These two groups taken together compose perhaps 70 percent of all living human beings. hunting and food-foraging.co. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. Examining the present populations of the globe. brought S V C ▲ 형용사구 ▲ 과거분사 과거분사 up with lingering memories / of their own country’s agricultural past. 형용사구 of ~ past는 lingering memories를 수식한다. nation.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 1쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The inhabitants of the earth are divided not only by race. but also. the people of the present. They live. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. somewhat more than 25 percent of the earth’s population can be found in the industrialized societies. 분사구문(hunting and food-foraging)과 as 접속사절 모두 관계대명사절 안에 포함되어 있다. ① their position in time ③ differences in language ⑤ the degree of education ② their political priorities ④ the prospect of change Points to Master Examining the present populations of the globe. molded by mechanization and mass education.ebsi. brought up with lingering memories of their own country’s agricultural past. 형용사구 → molded와 brought는 앞에 있는 products를 수식하는 과거분사이다. in many respects. the vast majority of mankind. S V O(선행사) 관계대명사절 분사구문 as men did millennia ago]. as는 양태의 접속사로 ‘~하는 것처럼. depend not on bear-hunting or berry-picking. By contrast. hunting and food-foraging은 부대상황의 분사구문으로 ‘사냥 하고 식량을 찾아다니면서’ 라는 의미이고. as men did millennia ago. ~하는 대로’ 의 의미이다. as their ancestors did centuries ago. in a sense. They are the people of the past. by . in effect. S’ V’ → Examining은 When we examine을 분사구문으로 만든 것이다. Others. They are. but on agriculture. hunting and food-foraging. we find a tiny group who still live. we find a tiny group [ who still live. They lead modern lives. 01강 7 .www. molded by mechanization and mass education. religion or ideology.
틀리기 쉬운 유형 . for a film I was then shooting. that is. that is. decided의 목적어 to light와 to leave가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. S2 V2 O1(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) O2(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) → come -ing는 ‘~하며 오다’ 의 의미이고. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting / that I used it throughout the film. a spy came creeping / through a curtain. a spy came creeping through a curtain.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? I had been accustomed to stage work. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. It ran: ‘Have you gone mad? Do you suppose we can sell a film for its full price if ?’ ① it isn’t up-to-date enough ② you only show half a man ③ it doesn’t have special effects ④ you insert any ideology into it ⑤ it doesn’t fit to the predefined design Points to Master In the scene in question. make는 불완전타동사이므로 목적격보어 more mysterious가 쓰였다. I used spotlights from one side or the other ─ a method which is now freely practiced. 부사구 S1 V1 등위접속사 I decided to light only half the spy’s face / and to leave the rest in darkness. I decided to light only half the spy’s face and to leave the rest in darkness. . After I had sent the film to the distributor’s office I got a telegram from the manager that surprised me considerably. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting that I used it throughout the film. it은 앞의 this trick of lighting을 가리킨다. which I had used in the theater. I used spotlights / from one S V 동격 ▲ S’ 관계대명사절 V’ O’ side or the other – a method [which is now freely practiced]. I looked at the result on the screen and found it extraordinarily effective.(dash)는 종종 동격이나 부연 설명을 할 때 사용되는 문장 부호이다. and I wanted to use a particular light effect. → pleased with ~와 so ~ that 구문이 결합하여 so pleased with ~ that이 되었다. 8 영어독해연습(2) . In the scene in question.
and the like. → 타동사 realized의 목적어가 되는 that절(that ~ like) 안에서 while 다음에는 「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략되었다. articles of clothing. articles of clothing. because절 안에 있는 had는 불완전타동사이고. and the like]. thus enabling the moms and dads to always keep their other hand on the child. wipes. still은 형용사로 ‘움직이지 않는’ 의 의미이며 hold의 목적격보어이다. Again. The problem became particularly acute for parents who were “on the go. wipes.www. 01강 9 . the (B) company’s researchers watched as parents had difficulty opening the baby wash bottle while bathing their children because they had only one hand free. hold는 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의 의미이고. free는 형용사로 had의 목적격보 어이다. the firm redesigned the bottle so that a parent could open it and dispense the liquid with only one hand.co. the company’s researchers watched [as parents had difficulty / opening the baby wash bottle / while S 부사절 V S’2 V’2 O’2 S’1 V’1 O’1 = while they were bathing bathing their children / because they had only one hand free].” changing their infants at a location outside the home. (B) . they realized that most moms and dads struggled to hold their babies still while reaching for the diaper. The new packaging enables parents to remove a wipe with only one hand. they realized [that most moms and dads struggled / to hold their babies still / while reaching S V 목적어절 S’ V’ = while they were reaching for the diaper. the firm redesigned its travel pack for baby (A) wipes.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 1~2쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). .ebsi. → 시간의 접속사 as가 이끄는 부사절 안에「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략된 부사절(while bathing their children)과 이유의 부사절(because ~ free)이 들어 있는 문장이다. (A) However However Therefore Therefore In other words (B) For instance Nonetheless Similarly For instance Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master During one study. During one study. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A firm’s researchers have learned a great deal by watching many parents changing their babies.
J. Bach. all humanly made things were works of art.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . This implies that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. a contemporary of Bach wrote more than 600 harpsichord sonatas for Maria Barbara.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In earlier times the term art was used to distinguish works of art from works of nature. → 관계대명사 which는 artists were not previously differentiated from artisans를 선행사로 받고 있다. It means that artists could not by the mid-1700s. for example. Only 30 were published during his lifetime. Domenico Scarlatti. which was appropriate / given that S V 목적어절 S’ V’ given에 연결됨 ~을 고려할 때[하면] almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing / and that individuality was not expected or highly valued]. which was appropriate given that almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing and that individuality was not expected or highly valued. was a church composer who had to produce new music on a weekly basis. given 다음에 두 개의 that절이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있다. who became the queen of Spain. Between 1704 and 1744 he composed 300 church cantatas. that is. 10 영어독해연습(2) . only one of which was published in his lifetime. Artists were often directed in what to do and when to do it. ① leave their home country ② establish their independence ③ spend money on education ④ hide their lack of knowledge ⑤ be allowed to enter the court Points to Master This implies [that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. S.
Among adult Americans. doctors. teachers. → 「as +형용사+ a 〔an〕 +명사`+ as + S + V」 구문으로 앞의 as는 부사이고 뒤의 as는 비교를 나타내는 접속사로 ‘~하는 것만큼. ~하 는 것과 같이’ 의 의미이다.co. → 주어 all 다음에 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있고 보어인 to get ~ possible과 to rest ~ possible이 병렬로 연결되어 있 다. behavioral economists. the basic economic model of labor generally treats working men and women as rats in a maze: work is assumed to be .www.ebsi. In contrast. It seems that many people find pride and meaning in their jobs. anachronistic 시대에 뒤진. “ What do you do ?” / has become / as common a component of an introduction [ as 부사구 S S’ V’ V C 비교 접속사 the anachronistic ”How do you do?” once was]. and all the rat (person) wants to do is to get to the food with as little effort as (B) possible and to rest on a full belly for the most time possible. ~ all [the rat (person) wants to do] / is to get to the food / with as little effort as possible / and to rest on a full belly S ▲ 관계대명사절 V C1 C2 / for the most time possible . or what have you). -able 〔-ible〕 로 끝나는 형용사는 명사 앞에 최상급이 있을 때 대체로 명사 뒤에 둔다. not about the amount of money they will earn.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 2~3쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). 01강 11 . “What do you do?” has become as common a component of an introduction as the anachronistic “How do you do?” once was. 시대착오의 (A) ① identity ② identity ③ strategy ④ culture ⑤ culture …… …… …… …… …… (B) annoying substantial annoying substantial constant Points to Master Among adult Americans. This suggests that our jobs are an integral part of our . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Children think of their potential future occupations in terms of what they will be (firefighters. not merely a way to (A) make money in order to keep a roof over our heads and food in our mouths.
① the meaning of age varies across cultures ② time passes more swiftly for the old ③ you can’t teach an old dog new tricks ④ one is able to add formulas to knowledge ⑤ we can’t reach old age by another man’s road Points to Master [When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son / that he will have to wait two years / before he can have 부사절 S’1 V’1 S V tells의 목적어절 S’2 V’2 O 부사절 S’3 V’3 a car of his own]. There is a solid mathematical basis for the observation that age often correlates with conservatism: . 전체 문장의 주어는 that ~ days이며.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Older people are even more likely to react strongly against any further acceleration of change.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . that interval of 730 days represents / a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. two hours in the life of a fouryear-old may be the felt equivalent of twelve hours in the life of her twenty-four-year-old mother. Asking the child to wait two hours for a piece of candy may be the equivalent of asking the mother to wait twelve hours for a cup of coffee. 12 영어독해연습(2) . It represents over 13 percent of the boy’s lifetime. that interval에서 that은 지시형용사이다. It is hardly strange [that to the boy / the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father]. 가주어 V C 진주어 S’ V’ C’ → It은 가주어이고 that ~ father가 진주어이다. 접속사 than 전후로 to the boy와 to the father가 비교되고 있다. → 부사절 내의 직접목적어가 되는 that절 안에 다시 부사절 before ~ own이 들어 있고. It is hardly strange that to the boy the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father. Similarly. When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son that he will have to wait two years before he can have a car of his own. that interval of 730 days represents a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date.
they often try to address it on their own.ebsi. staff members wait too long to bring (B) these small problems to the attention of others. S V 목적어절 S’1 V’1 O’1 within six hours of a cardiac arrest. the patient’s health continues to deteriorate during this window of opportunity when an intervention could perhaps prevent a crisis. . . blood pressure. rather than bringing their concerns to the attention of others. small problems begin to arise. Meanwhile. One study found that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. and mental status.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 3~4쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems / to the attention 부사구 S’2 V’2 O’2 of a doctor / in only 25% of those situations]. During this time. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. 01강 13 . cardiac arrest 심장박동 정지 (A) However However Moreover Moreover For example (B) In short Similarly Instead In short Instead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One study found [that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Hospitalized patients often display subtle warning signs six to eight hours before a cardiac arrest. such as changes in heart rate. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems to the attention of a doctor in only 25% of those situations. bring ~ to one’s attention은‘~을 …가 주목하게 하다’ 의 의미이다.www. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. within six hours of a cardiac arrest. If they notice a problem. → found의 목적어절 안에 등위접속사 yet으로 연결된 절이 또 있는 문장이다. hospital personnel do not necessarily notice the (A) symptoms.co.
In one plant. V S ~하는 방식 S’ V’ → how가 이끌고 있는 절은 전치사 in의 목적어가 된다. But there were big differences in how the corporate leaders communicated after the scary announcement. the plant manager met / every week / with supervisors and employees / in each department / to make ▲ announcements and answer questions. In the second. the way in which로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다.PartⅠ 02 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The virtues of are seen in research on how employees in two nearly identical manufacturing plants responded to unexpected news: their parent corporation was merging with another big company. and distrust in both plants. the plant manager met every week with supervisors and employees in each department to make announcements and answer questions.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . stress. the way that. and reported superior job performance ─ while no such improvements occurred at the other plant. ① strong loyalties ③ careful explanations ⑤ uncomplicated strategies ② cooperative teams ④ controllable challenges Points to Master But there were big differences in [ how the corporate leaders communicated / after the scary announcement]. The researchers surveyed employees right after the announcement and found that it provoked widespread dissatisfaction. The plant published a weekly newsletter with updates about the merger and had a hotline to answer employees’ questions. 이때 how는‘~하는 방식’ 이란 의미로 the way. 14 영어독해연습(2) . employees received only vague communications during the subsequent three months. In the second. → to make ~는 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 to부정사구로 두 개의 동사원형 make와 answer가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. employees in the “high communication” plant felt more secure about their jobs. less stressed. As the program kicked in.
for John and his family. instead of hopping on a cheap flight to Spain. 02강 15 . an international development expert. enjoying breakfast in bed while chugging past some of the world’s most beautiful scenery . and to travel / in a more leisurely way.co. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사 a single track을 부연 설명한다. which curves so that the back of the train is visible from the front ─ is a key part of the trip. [which curves / so that the back of the train is visible / from the S front] – is a key part of the trip.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 4~6쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ John Meyer. cooking or just dreaming. not the means to get there ② is more expensive than they expected ③ requires them to plan the trip thoroughly ④ is more economical in time and expenses ⑤ makes it difficult to visit tourist attractions Points to Master ~ but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook [what’s on your doorstep]. The journey itself– made partly on a single track. decided never to take a vacation by air.ebsi. hiking. “but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook what’s on your doorstep.” Now. chug (칙칙 소리를 내며) 천천히 가다 ① is the end. and to travel in a more leisurely way. John and his family board a sleeper train from London to the west coast of Scotland.www. The journey itself ─ made partly on a single track. They spend unstructured days amid the lakes and islands. 목적어절 → not to overlook ~ doorstep과 to travel ~ way는 a desire를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. “The decision was partly driven by a concern for the environment. V C → made가 이끄는 과거분사구는 주어인 The journey를 수식한다.” says John. It does not matter that it takes three times longer than flying.
in order to comprehend it은 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 을 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. → that이 이끄는 두 개의 명사절이 동사 suggest의 목적어로 병렬되고 있다. or [that S ▲ V 명사절1 명사절2 true love has the power to soothe the savage heart]. while others. even fantastic. ① it shows good always defeats evil ② it relieves the anguish of ordinary people ③ its unique settings are different from reality ④ it presents experience in a vivid symbolic form ⑤ it is successfully adapted for a play or a movie Points to Master Sometimes / we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. overfeed and try to possess and devour them. The message will probably be different for each one. but that is one of the great achievements of the fairy tale ─ traditional or modern. in order to comprehend it.C. “Hansel and Gretel. in order have O O. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest [that a good man can seem / at first / like a dangerous wild animal].틀리기 쉬운 유형 . “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest that a good man can seem at first like a dangerous wild animal. = the truth → 「have +목적어+목적격보어」구문에서 두 개의 과거분사(구)가 목적격보어가 되어‘목적어가 ~되어지게 하다’ 는 의미를 나타내고 있다. Sometimes we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. 16 영어독해연습(2) . or that true love has the power to soothe the savage heart. like the witch.C.” for instance. may dramatize the fact that some parents underfeed and abandon their children physically or emotionally.1 O.2 to comprehend it. even fantastic.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The fairy tale survives because . 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구인 to soothe the savage heart는 the power를 수식한다.
we still live with this cultural lag. who needed their children’s help at the crucial times of planting and harvesting. Yet our customs have not caught up with our technology. playing a game of catch-up]. we could type our symptoms into a computer and get an immediate diagnosis and a recommended course of treatment. once와 long ago는 부사(구) 들이다. .kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 6~7쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). computers outperform physicians. but [ that / long ago / was 선행사 관계대명사절1 관계대명사절2 bypassed by technology ]. when we get (A) sick. 분사 분사구문 → 「with +명사구+ 분사」구문에서 명사구인 the nonmaterial culture와 lag 사이에 의미상 능동의 관계가 성립하므로 현재분사인 lagging이 쓰였다. with the nonmaterial culture lagging behind.co. the school year matched the labor-intensive technology of the time. but that long ago was bypassed by technology. Today when few people farm and there is no need for the school year to be so short. and we continue to visit the doctor’s office. Most parents were farmers. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ William Ogburn pointed out that a group’s material culture usually changes first. → some outmoded form을 부연 설명하는 대명사 one은 두 개의 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. ~ we rigorously hold onto some outmoded form – one [ that / once / was needed].www. In the past. playing a game of catch-up. 02강 17 . In some tests. (A) Furthermore For example However For example However (B) Likewise Likewise Instead Instead Nevertheless ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master William Ogburn pointed out [ that a group’s material culture usually changes first. we rigorously hold onto (B) some outmoded form ─ one that once was needed.ebsi. playing a game of catch-up은 분사구문으로 부대상황을 나타낸다. with the nonmaterial culture 목적어절을 이끄는 접속사 with 명사구 lagging behind. . A striking example is our nine-month school year. Sometimes nonmaterial culture never catches up.
V’ from A(선행사) to B → why절의 주어를 수식하는 from banks to fast-food chains는 ‘A에서 B에 이르는(범위)’ 의 의미로. an authority on queues. You have the stress of joining a line with a high likelihood that somebody who’s joined a queue next to you will get served before you.” serpentine 구불구불한 theorem 법칙 ① Service efficiency ③ Optical illusion ⑤ Social justice ② Time perception ④ Brand recognition Points to Master This is why. Yet people prefer the single line. says Larson. says Richard Larson. you’re guaranteed first come. serpentine line A B You have the stress of joining a line [with a high likelihood [that somebody [who’s joined a queue next to you] ▲ S’(선행사) 관계대명사절 will get served / before you]]. you have what happens at McDonald’s at lunchtime. ~ to a single. V’ → with a high likelihood ~ before you는 a line을 수식하고 있으며. serpentine line. People get really irritated with that.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? What seems to annoy us in queues is seeing people get ahead. 동사구에 쓰인 from systems 은 ‘ 로부터 로(변화)’ 의 의미로 쓰이고 있다. any number of companies – from banks to fast-food 이것이 ~한 이유이다(이런 이유로 ~하다) 동격 명사구 S’ 관계대명사절 from A to B chains – have switched from systems [in which multiple lines feed multiple servers] to a single. first served. any number of companies ─ from banks to fast-food chains ─ have switched from systems in which multiple lines feed multiple servers to a single. that이 이끄는 절은 a high likelihood의 동격 명사절이다. If you have the multiple lines. 18 영어독해연습(2) . says Richard Larson.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . an authority on queues. so much so that they have said they would be willing to wait in a longer line at Wendy’s. where a single line is used. “If you have the single serpentine line. than in a shorter line at McDonald’s. which uses multiple lines. This is why. serpentine line. There’s a theorem in queuing theory that says the average wait in either configuration is the same. Why? .
as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal과 as more persuasive (than a criminal)가 병렬 구조로 연결되어 있다. this was exactly the outcome ─ as long as the speaker was advocating less power for law enforcement agencies.www. a district attorney / is seen / as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal . and therefore as more persuasive. In a study by Walster. Consider a situation in which a district attorney and a criminal are each making statements about whether law enforcement agencies should be strengthened. 02강 19 . But what if the criminal argues in favor of strengthened law enforcement? In this case. Normally. One way that communicators can encourage this perception is to argue for positions that seem to . and Rottman. about의 목적어절을 이끄는 whether는 ‘~일지’ 의 의미이다. 간주하다)」구문의 수동태가 쓰였는데. and S V 비교급+ than ~ (~보다 더 …한) therefore as more persuasive. Communicators are seen as especially trustworthy when they have little to gain from the particular stance they adopt. it is important that a communicator be perceived as unbiased and trustworthy. 비교급(+than ~) → 「see A as B(A를 B로 생각하다.ebsi. a district attorney is seen as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal. ① boldly challenge criticism ② speak for the minority groups ③ be contrary to their self-interest ④ be unaffected by popular opinions ⑤ correspond with their political conviction Points to Master Consider / a situation [in which a district attorney and a criminal / are each making statements / about [whether 명령형 동사 선행사 관계대명사절 목적어절 law enforcement agencies should be strengthened]]. → in which가 이끄는 절은 선행사 a situation을 수식한다. the criminal becomes quite persuasive. Normally.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 7~8쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Regardless of expertise. Aronson. Abrahams.co.
20 영어독해연습(2) . where가 이끄는 관계부사절 의 주어는 few legal controls이며 동사는 are이다. ① it spreads pollution around the world ② it externalizes costs on a grand scale ③ domestic industries can be seriously damaged ④ some costs are difficult to measure and quantify ⑤ economies in only wealthy countries are stimulated Points to Master Making matters worse. the environmental costs of the plywood / are usually exported / to places [where 설상가상으로 선행사 관계부사절 there are few legal controls / on pollution and resource extraction]. 목적격보어인 cheaper는 뒤에 오는 than과 함께 비교급 구문 을 이룬다. ~보다 → 「make + it +목적격보어+ to부정사구」 구문이 사용되고 있는데 it은 가목적어이며. The environmental costs of producing those hardwood products occur far from the consumer who buys a piece of cheap Brazilian plywood.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A problem with international trade is that . Pollution control can be expensive. is legally bound to minimize its production of air and water pollution. V’ S’ → Making matters worse는 무인칭 독립분사구문으로 To make matters worse로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. to부정사구가 진목적어가 된다. making it cheaper to produce goods there than in the United States. for example. consider 등이 있다. find. Tropical hardwood products can be sold extremely cheaply in the United States. [making it cheaper to 비교급 강조 분사구문(부대상황) produce goods there / than in the United States]. A factory in the United States. Ongoing protests in the United States and elsewhere around the world against the World Trade Organization and other forces of globalization have been largely about such exporting of massive environmental and social costs of production. A similar factory in Mexico might have far less responsibility for pollution control.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . the environmental costs of the plywood are usually exported to places where there are few legal controls on pollution and resource extraction. A similar factory in Mexico / might have far less responsibility / for pollution control. and internalizing this cost makes a factory less profitable. Making matters worse. 관계부사 다음에는 완전한 문장이 이어진다는 사실에 유의한다. 이와 같은 구문 을 만드는 동사에는 make 이외에 think.
we give them a friendly push in the appropriate direction. ~. Once we’ve successfully sabotaged their performances and ensured their . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ The tendency to seek information about those who have done more poorly than we have is especially pronounced when the stakes are high. they become the perfect (B) standard for comparison. And if we can’t find people who are doing more poorly than we are. when our friends / do not have the good taste [to come in last / so that we can enjoy / the good taste ▲ so that +주어+ can + 동사원형 of coming in first]. Volunteers in one study took (A) a test and were then given the opportunity to provide hints that would either help or hinder a friend’s performance on the same test. Although volunteers helped their friends when the test was described as a game. 이때 A와 B에는 동사원형인 help와 hinder처럼 문법적으로 대등한 요소 A or B(A 또는 B)」 가 와야 한다.co. we may go out and them.ebsi. when our friends do not have the good taste to come in last so that we can enjoy the good taste of coming in first. Apparently. 선행사 hints를 수식하는 관계대명사절에는 「either 의 상관접속사 구문이 쓰이고 있는데. → to come ~ first는 the good taste를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. either A or B → to provide ~는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구로 the opportunity를 수식한다. Apparently. 02강 21 . they actively hindered their friends when the test was described as an important measure of intellectual ability.「so that +주어+can +동사원형」 은‘목적(~할 수 있도록)’ 의 의미를 나타낸다.www.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 8~9쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). sabotage (고의로) 방해하다 (A) create create provoke attract attract (B) rage failure abandonment inattention lead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Volunteers in one study / took a test and were then given the opportunity [to provide hints [that would ▲ 선행사 관계대명사절 either help or hinder a friend’s performance / on the same test]].
V’1 C’1 S’2 V’2 C’2 → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절이 point out의 목적어 역할을 하고 있고. especially if the family isn’t your own. 22 영어독해연습(2) . what goes around comes around: those who are raised with criticism become critical. By watching [how someone’s parents treat her] and [how she treats them]. Psychologists often point out that when it comes to childrearing. and children. and by whom.PartⅠ 03 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In many famous films. For one thing. siblings. you can get a good feel for how she’s likely to treat others. and it’s fun. The family dinner can be extremely if it’s attended by someone’s parents.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . what goes around / comes around]: those [who S 관계대명사절 V ~에 관한 한 S’1 주격 관계대명사절 주격 are raised with criticism] become critical . 주어 역할을 하는 those들(S’1. It’s the perfect forum for drama. By watching how someone’s parents treat her and how she treats them. which is a key predictive factor. How someone was raised. S’2)을 who로 이어지는 주격 관계대명사절이 각각 꾸며주고 있다. you can get a good feel for [how she’s ~으로써 ~을 잘 알다 likely to treat others]. will have a tremendous influence on the type of person she is. ① formal ④ delightful ② stressful ⑤ expensive ③ revealing Points to Master Psychologists often point out [that when it comes to child-rearing. you can get a good feel for the person’s background. and those who are raised with love become caring. and those [who are raised with love] become caring. the crucial scene takes place around the family dinner table. 전치사 for의 목적어절 → how someone’s parents treat her와 how she treats them이 각각 앞에 있는 watching의 목적어 역할을 하고 있다.
co. and an e-mail account를 가리키고. you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. I just leave the answer on her cell phone.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 9~10쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ With text messages.C.ebsi. I find myself hiding behind e-mail / to do a job meant for conversation. a credit card. a credit card. what은 선행사를 포함하 는 관계대명사로서 the things which로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. and an e-mail account. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch with others . What good is all this incredible technology if there is no one in the room to hear me crying out “Incredible”? ① gives me freedom ② is making me lazy ③ has advanced a lot ④ has made me lonely ⑤ helped me smile again Points to Master More and more . It’s their unintended results that make me sad. They are great / for [what they are intended to do]. I own a mobile phone. 점점 더 S V O O. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good morning to the assistant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? More and more. 03강 23 . → 현재분사 hiding은 동사 find의 목적격보어 역할을 하고 있다. If my mom has a question.www. They are great for what they are intended to do. I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation. S V C → 주어 They는 앞 문장에 나오는 a mobile phone.
one of the sausage keepers rejected her. The dogs decided to beg from the charitable person five times as often as from the stingy one. each still holding bowls of sausage. one of the sausage keepers / rejected her. they could approach either one of the people.「allow + O + to V」 는‘(목적어)가 ~하게 하다. When the beggar left the room and the dogs were freed. (음식 따위의) 한입 ① can be selfish just as humans are ② need to be treated in a respectful way ③ assess us in terms of how generous we are ④ are smarter than humans in certain circumstances ⑤ have more energy and better health while on an organic diet Points to Master To test their hypothesis. one by one. food sharing interactions / to부정사구 S V O O.C. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. saying no and flicking one hand. snooping 염탐 morsel 소량. 부사절 S’ V’ S V O 분사구문 → saying no와 flicking one hand는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며 부대상황을 나타내는 분사구문이다. between humans.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . saying “have it” while offering a morsel. During each trial. one by one. saying no and flicking one hand. → To test their hypothesis는 부사적 용법의 부정사구(목적)이고. When the beggar asked for a bite.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal cognition researcher Sarah Marshall Pescini and her colleagues at the University of Milan believe that dogs do indeed engage in interspecies snooping.” Marshall Pescini says. 허락하다’ 라는 의 미이다. “It was intriguing to discover that dogs . food sharing interactions between humans. a human “beggar” repeatedly approached two other people holding bowls of aromatic sausages. 24 영어독해연습(2) . [When the beggar asked for a bite]. To test their hypothesis. The other person willingly shared.
because the federal government cannot increase the nation’s supply of gold at whim. During periods of inflation. 부사구 S V C to부정사구 → to keep pace with rising prices는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. it is more than just an inflation hedge. because the federal government cannot S V O’ 목적어절 S’ ~하는 식으로 V’ increase / the nation’s supply of gold at whim.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 10~11쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). → it can 다음에는 앞에 있는 동사 increase가 생략되었다. .www. it turns out that the real force behind gold’s rise is not inflation per se but rather negative real interest rates. the way it can paper or electronic dollars. you lose money by parking it in cash or in interest-bearing bills or bonds. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Investors should understand that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge. and historically gold has been the surest choice. money flees to (B) investments that keep pace with inflation. .ebsi. gold has been one of the only investments / to keep pace with rising prices. inflation hedge 인플레이션 대비책 per se 그 자체가 negative real interest rate 마이너스 실질금리 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) However However Similarly Therefore Therefore …… …… …… …… …… (B) Thus Moreover Thus Moreover Conversely Points to Master Investors should understand [that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge]. When you (A) examine the various economic relationships more closely. gold has been one of the only investments to keep pace with rising prices. which generally accompany inflationary surges. the way it can paper or electronic dollars. 03강 25 . When real rates are negative. During periods of inflation.co.
a single word가 뒤에 있는 주격 관계대명사절의 수 식을 받고 있다. He wants to f ind the neural source of our breakthrough.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Jung-Beeman. crab. and sauce) and asks him to think of a single word that could form a compound word or phrase with all three. crab.O. Jung-Beeman found that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany. a cognitive psychologist at Northwestern University. has spent the last fifteen years trying to understand how the brain. D. the familiar “aha!” moment. prefrontal cortex 전두엽 피질 epiphany 직관. 26 영어독해연습(2) . ~와 같은 V2 선행사 [that could form a compound word or phrase with all three]. every successful insight was preceded by the same sequence of cortical events. led by the prefrontal cortex. 통찰 ① ideas for stories ② such creative solutions ③ our own linguistic structures ④ statistical data about the words ⑤ psychological explanations of conflicts Points to Master ~ he gives a subject three different words ( such as pine. Jung-Beeman’s experiments go like this: he gives a subject three different words (such as pine. manages to come up with . What’s interesting about this type of verbal puzzle is that the answers often arrive in a flash of insight. Nevertheless. and sauce) / and asks him to think of a single word S V1 I.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . S V S’ V’ O’ → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 동사 found의 목적어 역할을 하고. Nevertheless. itself는 앞에서 that절의 주어 역할을 하고 있는 the mind를 가리 킨다. People have no idea how they came up with the necessary word.O. 주격 관계대명사절 → gives와 asks의 주어는 he이고 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며. Jung-Beeman found [that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany]. ~.
However. swathe (천으로) 감다. [when Elaine and other volunteers / began to clean. hold는 앞에 있는 began to에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 11~12쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).” Elaine recalls.C. 분사 swathed와 lying은 앞에 있는 the babies의 상태를 나타내며 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. → when이 이끄는 부사절에서 clean. None of these babies smiled.” she remembers sadly. All of their faces were expressionless. However.www. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One volunteer from Seattle who worked in a Rumanian orphanage was shocked when she first arrived to find the babies tightly swathed in blankets and lying in cribs with bottles propped against the railings.co. there was an overpowering stench. “They had very little . feed. (B) . feed. 03강 27 . when Elaine and other volunteers began to clean. after four days they noticed the infants responding with some degree of . (B) Researchers are currently trying to discover how much recovery is possible in orphans and other children deprived of loving touch in their formative infant and toddler years. and hold the babies one by one. 분사구문(부대상황) → to find는 결과를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사이고.ebsi. after four days / S’ V’ 한 명씩 부사구 they noticed the infants responding with some degree of S V O O. feed. 싸다 crib 유아용 침대 stench 악취 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) human contact human contact natural immunity cognitive ability cognitive ability …… …… …… …… …… (B) hostility pleasure hostility pleasure indifference Points to Master One volunteer from Seattle [who worked in a Rumanian orphanage] was shocked [when she first arrived / to find S 주격 관계대명사절 V 부사절 to부정사 the babies tightly swathed in blankets / and lying in cribs / with bottles propped against the railings]. and “because (A) all the windows were closed to prevent ear infections. and hold the babies one by one].
그리고 just letting go of things는 전치사 about에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. ② Practice the art of saying no. succeed와 move는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루 고 있다. think about the reasons [ that it is hard to refuse]. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. another issue is that they haven’t just learned to let go and give a flat refusal. 28 영어독해연습(2) . ④ Build close relationships with others. ⑤ Organize your business to increase productivity. You would be surprised at how many people in very big jobs have not yet figured this out. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . not looking like a superhero. or just letting go of things that you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore. or just letting go of things [that ~이든 아니든 동명사구1 동명사구2 동명사구3 선행사 목적격 you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore]. I’ve worked with senior executives who are killing themselves working way too many hours. 관계대명사절 V (명령형 동사) 선행사 = why 관계부사절 → 동명사구 disappointing people. not looking like a superhero. → 주격 관계대명사절 that 이하가 앞에 있는 the things를 꾸며주고 있으며. not looking like a superhero. ① Work as hard as possible. And then think about what would happen if you could instead say yes to your highest priorities. Points to Master Refusing requests can free you / to do the things [that will help you to succeed and move your organization S V O 주격 관계대명사절 forward]. I congratulate you.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If you’re already doing this. think about the reasons that it is hard to refuse. ③ Follow the orders of your superiors. Refusing requests can free you to do the things that will help you to succeed and move your organization forward. While the demands are great.
” He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women.ebsi. This concept lets us look beyond the individual to understand what actually transpires as people interact.C. Even now some descriptions of social intelligence offer no distinctions between the callow aptitudes of a con man and the genuinely caring acts that enrich healthy relationships. 풋내기의 con man 사기꾼. → the ability to understand and manage men and women은 뒤에 있는 skills 이하와 동격 관계에 있으며. that definition also allows (A) pure manipulation to be considered a mark of interpersonal talent. 거짓말쟁이 (A) However However Therefore Moreover Moreover (B) Instead Otherwise Otherwise Instead Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. 03강 29 . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Way back in 1920. skills 뒤에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있다.co. .” skills [ we all need to live well in S V C S’ V’ the world]. we might think of (B) “social intelligence” as a shorthand term for being intelligent not just about our relationships but also in them. This concept lets us look beyond the individual / to understand [what actually transpires as people interact]. . simply being manipulative should not be seen as socially intelligent. what 이하 절이 앞에 있는 understand의 목적어 역할을 한다. psychologist Edward Thorndike created the original formulation of “social intelligence.www.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 12~13쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).” skills we all need to live well in the world. In my view. callow 미숙한. 목적어절 ~할 때 → 사역동사 lets 뒤의 목적격보어에는 원형부정사 look이 사용되었고. S V O O.
Then ask yourself: What is the purpose of this task? What will it accomplish? Draw an arrow to the right and write this answer down. to a goal [ that keeps you motivated (that) you do 주격 관계대명사 and energized]. devoid of ~이 없는 ① original ④ flexible ② routine ⑤ meaningful ③ contradictory Points to Master Turn a piece of paper horizontally. 30 영어독해연습(2) . In this way. you can connect every small thing [you do] to the larger picture. and on the left-hand side write down a task you’re forced to perform at work that feels devoid of meaning. → 두 개의 관계대명사절이 선행사 a task를 수식하고 있는데. ask yourself again: What does this result lead to? Draw another arrow and write this down. and on the left-hand side / write down a task [you’re forced to perform at work] V1 주격 관계대명사 O1 V2 O2 목적격 관계대명사절 [ that feels devoid of meaning].PartⅠ 04 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Try this exercise: Turn a piece of paper horizontally. you can connect every small thing you do to the larger picture. → to the larger picture와 to a goal ~은 동격 관계이며. like providing a new generation of young lawyers with the resources they need to succeed. If what you wrote still seems unimportant. Keep going until you get to a result that is . In this way. 「keep +목적어+목적격보어」 의 구문에서 두 개의 과거분사가 병렬 구조를 이루며 목적격보어로 사용되고 있다. draw your arrow until you can connect it to something you do care about. 앞의 관계대명사절은 목적격 관계대명사 that 〔which〕 이 생략되어 있다. to a goal that keeps you motivated and energized. If you’re a law professor and you hate administrative work.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .
If the world appears a simple place because we’re not paying attention to much of it. operating과 direction 뒤에 각각 동사 is 가 생략되어 있다. the +비교급 …(~하면 할수록.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 13~14쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ While Westerners believe that things don’t change much. The greater the number of factors operating. The greater the number of factors operating . 04강 31 . that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 the likelihood의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. ① the likelihood of time travel ② the complexity of the world ③ the creation of the universe ④ the relativity of time and space ⑤ the meaning of property ownership Points to Master These differing assumptions about change / can be derived from different understandings about ~에서 기원하다 . These differing assumptions about change can be derived from different understandings about .ebsi.co. the greater the likelihood / that some variable will alter the rate the +비교급 ~. But if the world seems to be a highly complicated place because we’re noticing so much. the greater the likelihood that some variable will alter the rate of change or even reverse its direction. then there is no reason to assume that it will do anything but continue in the same direction.www. which in turn are a consequence of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it. → 「the +비교급 ~. 더 …하다)」 의 구문이 사용되고 있는데. which in turn are a consequence / of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it . then stability will be the exception and change will be the rule. Asians believe that things are constantly changing. If change is occurring. 계속적 용법의 관계대명사 ~대 (~에 대비하여) = the environment → which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사인 different understandings about ~에 대한 부연 설명을 덧붙이고 있는데 and they로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. then not much change is to be expected. the +비교급 … 현재분사로 factors 수식 동격절의 접속사 = change of change / or even reverse its direction.
“the bandaging of the eye was misinterpreted by the brain as a clear indication that . → 현재분사 serving이 이끄는 구는 the neurons를 수식하며. he had been treated for a minor infection. his eye was perfectly normal. The treatment included having the eye bandaged for two weeks. As far as the ophthalmologists could tell. they were treated by the brain as though they weren’t there at all. But in a young baby.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . “Sadly. who was blind in one eye.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The neuroscientist Susan Greenfield illustrates the amazing plasticity of the young brain in a cautionary tale of a six-year-old boy in Italy. 32 영어독해연습(2) . The cause of his blindness was a mystery. were not being used는 과거진행시제를 수동으로 나타낸 표현이다. Because the neurons serving the bandaged eye were not being used during this crucial period of development.” said Greenfield.” ophthalmologist 안과 의사 ① the boy had eyesight similar to that of an adult ② two weeks was too short for treating an infection ③ the boy would recover from eye surgery immediately ④ the minor infection hadn’t influenced the boy’s eyesight ⑤ the boy would not be using the eye for the rest of his life Points to Master Because the neurons / serving the bandaged eye / were not being used / during this crucial period of S’ S V 마치 ~처럼(= as if) V’ not ~ at all: 전혀 ~아닌 development. This would have made little difference to the eye of an adult. the development of the eye-to-brain neural circuits is a delicate and critical process. They eventually discovered that when he was a baby. they were treated by the brain / as though they weren’t there at all .
. like most markets in the economy. Rather.(너무 ~해서 …하다)」 구문이 사 용되고 있다.www.. . Each seller of ice cream has limited control over the price because other sellers are offering similar products. Each buyer knows that there are several sellers from which to choose.ebsi. and each seller is aware that his or her product is similar to that offered by other sellers. 04강 33 .. 관계사절 안에는 「so ~ that . buyers will make their purchases elsewhere.co. have an impact on: ~에 영향을 미치다 → 「전치사+관계대명사」 절이 선행사인 a market을 수식하고 있는데.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 14~15쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). (A) In addition For example For example As a result As a result (B) Otherwise Similarly However Similarly However ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ / to describe a market [ in which there are so many buyers and sellers / S V O ~하기 위해(목적) = where that each has a negligible impact on the market price]. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The market for ice cream. is highly competitive. and if he or she charges more. the price of ice (A) cream and the quantity of ice cream sold are not determined by any single buyer and seller. Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ to describe a market in which there are so many buyers and sellers that each has a negligible impact on the market price. A seller has little reason to charge less than the going price. price and quantity are determined by all buyers and sellers as they interact in the marketplace. no single buyer (B) of ice cream can influence the price of ice cream because each buyer purchases only a small amount.
the fast ones에서 ones는 drivers를 대신하는 부정대명 사이다. managerial ability. while the fast ones say [that they are above average in S V 목적어절(접속사 that 생략) S’ V’ reflexes]. The slow drivers say they are above average in safety. athletic prowess. while the fast ones say that they are above average in reflexes. Everyone has heard of “reducing cognitive dissonance. More generally. 34 영어독해연습(2) .틀리기 쉬운 유형 . They rationalize the boast by searching for an aspect of the trait that they might in fact be good at.(…만큼 ~ 한)」 는 원급 비교의 표현에 해당한다..” in which people invent a new opinion to resolve a contradiction in their minds. sophistication. we delude ourselves about how benevolent and how effective we are.「as ~ as . even driving skill.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Indeed. → that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 obvious evidence의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. The urge to reduce it is the urge to . dissonance 부조화 ① break your own records ② follow common sense ③ rely on temporary measures ④ make up your self-serving story ⑤ accept the reality of the situation Points to Master The slow drivers say [they are above average in safety]. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence that you are not as beneficent and effective as you would like people to think. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence / that you are not as beneficent and effective / as you be triggered by ~: ~에 의해 유발되다 동격절의 접속사 would like people to think. most people claim they are above average in any positive trait you name: leadership. → 대조의 의미를 나타내는 접속사 while에 의해 두 개의 절이 연결되어 있으며..
what은 전치사 of의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절을 이끌고 있으며 ‘~하는 것’ 의의 미로 번역된다. 04강 35 .kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 15~16쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A few years ago. Yet it was upon maybe the third visit that I realized how. he was each time he said it. he was able to reduce everything that he knew to the concentrated essence of what he wished to convey. Through focusing on the basics of basics. Wolfgang Weingart.co.. I visited the master of Swiss typographic design. in Maine to give a lecture for his then regular summer course. although가 이끄는 절이 그 사이에 들어 있는 구조이다. 동사 realized의 목적어절 은 how가 이끌고 있다. 매번 ~할 때마다 → 「it was ~ that .」 강조 구문 목적어절 he was / each time he said it].ebsi.. Through focusing on the basics of basics. His unique example rekindled my excitement for teaching. he was able to reduce everything [ that he knew] to the concentrated through -ing: ~을 통하여 reduce A to B: A를 B로 줄이다 목적격 관계대명사 essence / of what he wished to convey.」 의 강조 구문을 이용하여 부사구인 upon maybe the third visit를 강조하고 있으며.. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. how가 이끄는 절의 주어는 he인데. I thought to myself. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. rekindle 다시 불러일으키다 ① saying it simpler ② adding many details ③ changing the pitch of his voice ④ ignoring the audience’s response ⑤ using silence as an intentional strategy Points to Master Yet it was upon maybe the third visit / that I realized [how. “Doesn’t he get bored?” Saying the same thing over and over had no value in my mind. 「it was ~ that .www. → that은 목적격 관계대명사로 생략이 가능하며.. and I honestly began to think less of the Master. I marveled at Weingart’s ability to give the exact same introductory lecture each year.
and health care? Just because we doesn’t mean that this tendency always helps us to make better decisions ─ even when we want to help. The estimates for cleaning and rehabilitating a single bird were about $32. or otter. education. saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission that cost $48.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A few years ago a two-year-old white terrier named Forgea spent three weeks alone aboard a tanker drifting in the Pacific after its crew abandoned ship. in the grand scheme of things. ~ be sure (that) 목적어절 S’ 주격 관계대명사 S 주격 관계대명사 V 목적어절 saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission [ that cost $48. bird.000 of taxpayers’ money] – an amount V’ might have p.000 and for each otter about $80. but one can ask / whether. in the grand scheme of things. Of course.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . But does it really make sense to spend so much money on an animal when doing so takes away resources from other things such as immunization. $48. but one can ask whether. consider the disastrous oil spill from the wrecked Exxon Valdez. 36 영어독해연습(2) . In a similar vein. it’s very hard to see a suffering dog.000 of taxpayers’ money와 an amount ~는 동 격 관계에 있다.000 of taxpayers’ money ─ an amount that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans. rehabilitate 원상태로 돌리다 otter 수달 ① care more about vivid examples of misery ② react to people who are destroying themselves ③ are purchasing pets that later become unwanted ④ don’t step in to help those who are less fortunate ⑤ enact strict laws to prevent environmental pollution Points to Master I’m sure / Forgea was adorable / and didn’t deserve to die.: ~이었을 것이다 [ that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans].p. → 접속사 whether가 이끄는 절은 동사 ask의 목적어 역할을 하고 있으며. I’m sure Forgea was adorable and didn’t deserve to die.000.
S. U.S.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 16~17쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).S.ebsi. 04강 37 . which의 선행사는 the U. which – on average – rejects about half the claims [it receives].co.www. In retaliation for this with free trade. Government support may permit these firms to extend their export markets by offering lower prices abroad. retaliation 보복 (A) agreement interference obsession interference obsession (B) product quality import duties income taxes product quality import duties ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master U. firms claiming [that dumping threatens to hurt their business] can file a complaint / with the U.S. International S 목적어절 V V’ file a complaint: 고소하다 Trade Commission. S’(관계대명사) (that) it receives → 현재분사 claiming은 주어인 U.S. However.S. the United States (A) adds import tariffs to products that foreign firms dump on U. firms를 수식하고 있으며 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 claiming의 목적어 역할을 한다. International Trade Commission. firms claiming that dumping threatens to (B) hurt their business can file a complaint with the U. markets to bring their prices in line with those of domestically produced products. International Trade Commission이다. businesses often complain that charges of dumping must undergo a lengthy investigative and bureaucratic procedure before the government assesses . which ─ on average ─ rejects about half the claims it receives. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The practice of selling a product in a foreign market at a price lower than it commands in the producer’s domestic market is called dumping.S. Critics of free trade often argue that foreign governments give substantial support to their own exporting companies.
틀리기 쉬운 유형 .PartⅠ 05 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? We remember better when cues present during learning are present during recall. Often friends stop by and chat. ① efforts ④ preference ② context ⑤ intelligence ③ motives Points to Master It follows that we can improve performance / by identifying cues [ that will be present during recall]. they are typically in a classroom. and studying gets mixed up with socializing. When they take a test on [ what they have studied]. and then learning in the presence of those cues. with whom 이하는 a number of other students를 수식하는 관계대명사절로. Students find themselves unable to recall facts that they “knew cold” before they walked into the classroom. / typically in the presence of a number of other students [with whom they cannot converse]. It follows that we can improve performance by identifying cues that will be present during recall. 전치사 with를 converse 뒤로 보내 ~ a number of other students (whom) they cannot converse with로 표현할 수도 있다. → what they have studied는 전치사 on의 목적어 역할을 하는 관계대명사절이다. typically in the presence of a number of other students with whom they cannot converse. / seated in a rather 관계대명사(~ 것) (being) seated ~ 수동형 분사구문 목적격 관계대명사 uncomfortable chair. Or. if the weather is pleasant. they sit under a large tree or on a park bench. seated in a rather uncomfortable chair. Students typically do exactly the opposite: They study in their room. often while lying on a bed and eating some sort of snack. / and then 동명사1 주격 관계대명사 learning in the presence of those cues. 38 영어독해연습(2) . 동명사2 → by -ing는 ‘~함으로써’ 라는 의미로 by 뒤에 identifying ~과 learning ~이 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. When they take a test on what they have studied. These differences in no doubt account for some forgetting. / they are typically in a classroom.
”] 관계대명사(~ 것들) S V → What은 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사로. be prepared for the “yeah but” [ that S’ 주격 관계대명사 V’ 명령문 주격 관계대명사 says you couldn’t possibly]. Yeah but it’s too late. what이 이끄는 절이 주어 역할을 할 경우 보어로 나오는 명사의 수에 따라 동사의 수가 결정된다. 05강 39 . Yeah but I don’t have the education.” The list can go on and on. Deal with the “yeah buts” one by one. The critic within splashes buckets of ice water on your tiny embers of desire. 보어는 what절로 표현되었지만 what이 지칭하는 명사는 the“yeah buts” 이며.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 17~18쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings are what I call the “yeah buts. strategically. For example. truly wanted it? ① being persuaded by flattery ② taking others’ sensible advice ③ following your unrealistic plan ④ giving in to that negative belief ⑤ feeling disappointed by bad results Points to Master What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings / are [what I call the “yeah buts. 위 문장의 경우. if a desire [ that arises for you] is to be the CEO of your company.) For example. (구어체에서는 보어로 복수형이 나오더라도 단수형 동사가 쓰이기도 한다. if a desire that arises for you is to be the CEO of your company.ebsi. Before . however. 이는 복수형이므로 be 동사 are가 사용되었다. you couldn’t possibly 뒤에는 be the CEO of your company가 생략되어 있다. They act like realistic rational adults extinguishing your rediscovered possibilities.co. be prepared for the “yeah but” that says you couldn’t possibly. would you be willing to go for it if you really. “Yeah but I’m too old.” The “yeah buts” are your mind’s way of protecting you from disappointment. Is it really absurd? Is it truly so impossible? If not. → that says 이하는 the “yeah but”을 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로.www. take a good hard look at your vision. the “yeah but”이 단수 형태이므로 동사도 이에 따라 단수 형(says)이 사용되었다.
He has been treated cruelly and has borne that cruelty with patience. restrictive laws. 관계대명사절인 who ~ mold가 선행사인 anyone else를 수식하고 있다. and sometimes S 주격 관계대명사 V O open hostility. and sometimes open hostility. and anyone else [ who didn’t fit the English mold] faced discrimination. D. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. → Jews ~ else가 문장의 주어이며 동사는 faced이다. blacks. He is a complicated person. Shylock ─ the Jewish moneylender in The Merchant of Venice ─ is cruel and greedy. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. at first glance. you will see that ~으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. and his plays reflect the society in which he lived. Jews. though. blacks. if you see Shakespeare’s characters in black and white.O. A closer look at the character.O. 40 영어독해연습(2) . → A closer look at the character는 조건절을 대신하는 명사구로. He created complex characters with real lives and real problems. though. 전체 문장을 If you take a closer look at the character. and anyone else who didn’t fit the English mold faced discrimination.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Shakespeare’s England was not politically correct by modern standards. though. A closer look at the character. restrictive laws. you will miss the most interesting aspects of his plays.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Shakespeare grew up in this environment. loan shark 고리대금업자 ① escape from conflicting realities ② avoid stereotyping his characters ③ promote harmony among the races ④ criticize the corruption of the rulers ⑤ classify people into many groups Points to Master Jews. S V I. For example. he tried to . In his plays. though. Therefore.
it prevents us from observing many objects in space that emit other types of radiation.: ~가 …하도록 허용하다 → given that은 ‘~라는 것을 고려하면’ 이라는 뜻이다.www. dozens of other space telescopes (B) have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades. or gamma rays. They designed a telescope that could be placed into space beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.. ~.. dozens of other space telescopes have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. 05강 41 . allow ~ to . → each 다음에 being이 생략된 분사구문으로. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. (A) Likewise For instance Likewise For instance By contrast (B) Therefore In addition That is However In addition ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master However. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The Earth’s atmosphere provides an effective filter for many types of cosmic radiation.co.ebsi. Many people think only of the Hubble Space Telescope when they hear the term “space telescope.” . ultraviolet. scientists devised a good solution. X-rays. However.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 18~19쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). each able to dozens of: 수십 개의 S V ~에 걸쳐서 detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. from the ground we cannot study celestial bodies that (A) radiate only in wavelengths of infrared. . This fact is crucial to the survival of humans and other life forms because exposure to that radiation would be deadly. ~. each는 each space telescope를 뜻한다. each able to detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. In the 1970s.
The more you invent. It gives without losing. the more you can prosper.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The more you prosper. 42 영어독해연습(2) . the very opposite happens. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. let alone three. but there is not much extra gain in having two. for example. the +비교급 …」 은 ‘~하면 할수록 더 …하다’ 라는 뜻을 나타낸다. the more inventions become possible. pecan 피칸(미국산 견과류) fray 해어지다. 닳다 ① the fair evaluation of intellectual property ② the increasing demand for brand-new stuff ③ the accelerating generation of useful knowledge ④ the cost-effective production of high quality goods ⑤ the productive investment in the real economy Points to Master The more you prosper. But the world of ideas is not. the more you can prosper. → tell은 4형식 구조로 사용되는 동사 중 하나로. the idea will not grow stale or useless or fray at the edges.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . tell A B는 ‘A에게 B를 말하다’ 라는 뜻이다. So. One bicycle is very useful. And the engine that is driving prosperity in the modern world is . the +비교급 the +비교급 → 「the +비교급 ~. / the idea will not grow stale or 아무리 ~할지라도(양보 부사절) A B useless or fray at the edges. a bicycle is a thing and is subject to diminishing returns. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. Indeed. How can this be possible? The world of things ─ of pecans or power stations ─ is indeed often subject to diminishing returns. But the idea ‘bicycle’ does not diminish in value. the more you can generate. 동사 grow와 fray는 will not 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. The more knowledge you generate.
researchers have found that those who cause harm tend to the offense ─ probably to protect themselves from (A) shame and guilt. who.co. who . (A) minimize minimize commit overestimate overestimate (B) openness distortion reconciliation jealousy immorality ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern that is inexcusable and immoral. Therefore.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 19~20쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). in contrast. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Apologies often fail. as one ~ consequences와 as part ~ immoral이 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. and there is on both sides. They also tend to downplay the consequences of their actions. One reason apologies fail is that the offender and the victim usually see the event differently. → who는 the hurt person을 부가적으로 설명해주는 관계절을 이끄는 관계대명사이다. may see an offense as bigger than it really is.www. to (B) apologize sincerely we must first listen attentively to how the other person really feels about what happened ─ not simply assert what we think happened. may see an offense as bigger than S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) it really is. Each person has his or her own truth. These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person.ebsi. → see A as B는 ‘A를 B로 여기다’ 라는 뜻으로. in contrast. Those [who are hurt] tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern [ that S V 전치사1 전치사2 주격 관계대명사 is inexcusable and immoral]. 05강 43 . Examining personal narratives.
as Kuhn puts it. heads turned and hearts all aflutter / S ~의 결과로 V S’ (being) turned (being) all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. how ~ about은 첫 번째 about의 목적어절 역할을 한다. Kuhn discovered [ that the cheering crowds of converts. Nobody sang. ~을 알아내기 위해 → who have ~ come about은 others를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. Curiously. The sad truth. Kuhn points out. didn’t gather].틀리기 쉬운 유형 . What did Galileo or Newton or Einstein’s contemporaries actually think about the ideas proposed by these shapers of our scientific tradition? Curiously. heads turned and hearts all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. V’ → that ~ gather는 discovered의 목적어절로.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s more than 40 years since Thomas Kuhn published his masterpiece on how scientific revolutions happen. heads turned and hearts all aflutter는 부대상황을 나타내는 독립분사구문이다. 44 영어독해연습(2) . It’s only when the new way of thinking about or seeing the world is seen by enough practitioners to provide a more useful field to work in ─ to provide. convert 전향자 aflutter 흥분하여 ① scientific paradigms shift ② revolutionary theories fail ③ people support traditional values ④ science is considered significant ⑤ scientists come up with original ideas Points to Master Unlike others [ who have theorized about / how the big changes in science come about]. is that most of the big breakthroughs of science have been rejected or at least heavily criticized by those already practising in the field. Kuhn bothered to go back to the original sources ─ to find out what actually happened. Kuhn discovered that the cheering crowds of converts. Unlike others who have theorized about how the big changes in science come about. didn’t gather. Kuhn bothered to go back ~와 달리 주격 관계대명사 S V to the original sources – to find out [what actually happened]. more interesting problems to wrestle with ─ that .
co. We have words like million. 영 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) Instead Instead Similarly Otherwise Otherwise …… …… …… …… …… (B) In addition As a result In addition As a result In other words Points to Master We have words like million. not for every one ~은 (we do) not (have words) for every one ~의 의미를 나타낸다. There is no limit to its scope if you have enough labels to name the results. 주격 관계대명사 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 주격 관계대명사 ▲ → the number는 which가 이끄는 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. decimal system 십진법 nought 0. ten tens make a hundred.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 20~21쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ We count in ‘tens. groups of ten (fingers of both hands). This is why our counting system is called a ‘decimal’ system. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. It is at our fingertips. which is 1 followed by n noughts는 ‘1 다음에 n개의 영(0)이 따라오는’ 이라는 의미이다.’ Ten ones make ten. so a thousand is 103. but not for every one that you might need to write down. Most ancient human cultures used their fingers in some way for counting. we have a handy notation that writes 10n to denote (A) the number which is 1 followed by n noughts. 1 followed by n noughts는 과거분사 followed가 이끄 는 구가 1을 수식하는 형태로. → 목적격 관계대명사 that이 이끄는 절이 선행사 every one을 수식하며. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. or mixtures of all or some of these systems. you find counting (B) systems based on groups of five (fingers of one hand). ten hundreds make a thousand and so on forever. ~ we have a handy notation [ that writes 10n / to denote the number [ which is 1 followed by n noughts]].www. 05강 45 . . ~. .ebsi. but not for every one [that you might S V O = every number need to write down]. The origin of all these tens in the counting system is not hard to find. groups of twenty (fingers plus toes).
전치사 about의 목적어로 쓰이고 있는 「the way+S+V」 구문으로. are so deeply embedded / in our consciousness / that we S(선행사) 관계대명사절 V are seldom aware of them . are so deeply embedded in our consciousness that we are seldom aware of them. which lie at the root of everyday life. ethnomethodology focuses on how people use to make sense of life. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions – your ideas 접속사(이유) 동격 about the way life is and the way things ought to work . ~. These assumptions..」 은 ‘너무 ~해서 …하다’ 는 의미를 나타낸다. [which lie at the root of everyday life]. the way life is와 the way things ought to work는 These assumptions .틀리기 쉬운 유형 . = these assumptions → 「so ~ that . your doctor does not offer you a haircut.” Specifically. even if he or she is good at cutting hair and you need one! ① ancient symbols ② instinctive desires ③ linguistic interactions ④ non-mainstream cultures ⑤ commonsense understandings Points to Master You would feel strange about this. ‘S가 V하는 방식’ 으로 해석된다. 46 영어독해연습(2) . seldom은 ‘좀처럼 ~않는’ 의 뜻이다.PartⅠ 06 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Certainly one of the strangest words in sociology is ethnomethodology.. 목적어절1 목적어절2 → background assumptions와 your ideas ~는 동격 관계를 이루고 있는 명사구들이다. Let’s suppose that during a routine office visit. Ethnomethodology means “the study of how people do things. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions ─ your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work. your doctor remarks that your hair is rather long. You would feel strange about this. and most of us fulfill them unquestioningly. then takes out a pair of scissors and starts to give you a haircut. Thus.
놓아두다)」구문이다. excoriate 몹시 비난하다 endorse 승인하다 espouse 옹호하다 ① show off too much ② whisper against a person ③ say one thing and do another ④ shift the responsibility onto others ⑤ fail to do something and make excuses Points to Master They proclaim a commitment to customer service. Or perhaps worst of all. they espouse the company’s values / at the top of their lungs. but keep and reward people who don’t live those values simply because they make the numbers. They proclaim a commitment to customer service.ebsi. 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. Or put another way: don’t trust me. they espouse the company’s values at the top of their lungs. Trust. bosses are the main culprits. And here.co. → let the factory ship은「사역동사+목적어+원형부정사(~가 …하는 것을 허용하다. They endorse stretch budgets and invite their people to dream big. nothing I say means anything. but keep and reward people 목적어(선행사) [ who don’t live those values] / simply because they make the numbers. even at the end of a decent year. ultimately. They tell people to take risks but excoriate them when they fail. It’s earned through words and actions ─ and integrity in both. to make the month’s ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구로 앞에 in order나 so as를 첨가할 수 있다. but punish them if the numbers fall short. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product / to make S V1 V2 the month’s sales quota.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 21~22쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One strong trust killer is when people . 06강 47 .www. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product to make the month’s sales quota. isn’t very complicated. 주격 관계대명사 ~라는 이유만으로 → people은 동사 keep과 reward의 공통 목적어로. All that tells the organization is. sales quota는 Or perhaps worst of all.
전치사(~에도 불구하고) 동격절 → When이 이끄는 부사절에 쓰인 두 개의 동사 sees는 지각동사로.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In the 1920s. ① others must see the things as she does ② there is something that exists unnoticed ③ all properties of an object are not constant ④ everybody knows what the world looks like ⑤ she cannot learn about the things through senses Points to Master When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. she expects that her playmate will later look for the cookie in the drawer ─ despite the fact that her playmate was not in the room when the adult moved the cookie to the drawer from the jar. Without a distinction between things in the world and things in the mind. she expects [that her playmate / will later look for the cookie / in the drawer] S V 목적어절 – despite the fact [that her playmate was not in the room ~ from the jar]. 원형부정사를 목적격보어로 취하고 있다. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a S’ 원형부정사2 V’1 원형부정사 V’2 원형부정사1 cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. that her playmate was ~ from the jar는 the fact와 동격을 이루고 있는 명사절이다. remove와 hide는 목 적어 an adult에 대한 목적격보어로 병렬 구조를 이룬다. Why? Because the two-year-old child knows the cookie is in the drawer and thus expects that everyone else knows this as well. . the psychologist Jean Piaget noticed that the young child often fails to distinguish between her perception of an object and the object’s actual properties. 48 영어독해연습(2) . hence she tends to believe that things really are as they appear to be ─ and that therefore. When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. the child cannot understand how different minds can contain different things.
ebsi. 따라서 복수명사구인 Two kinds of things를 수식하는 주격 관계대 명사절의 동사로 복수형인 fall이 쓰이고 있다. S(선행사) 주격 관계대명사절 V C → 주격 관계대명사절의 동사는 선행사와 수를 일치시켜야 한다. Diamond dust. Like snowflakes. Therefore. it has a straight (B) shape. 06강 49 . But unlike snowflakes. diamond dust has a six-sided shape. is simpler in form. is less common. Snowflakes are relatively large and build up on the ground quickly during a heavy snow storm. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ Two kinds of things that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day are snowflakes and diamond dust. (A) on the other hand for example for example on the other hand in other words (B) In addition Similarly In addition Consequently Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Two kinds of things [that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day] are snowflakes and diamond dust. They have a six-sided shape with many complex designs. although in some ways similar to snowflakes. 즉 it(= diamond dust) is가 생략되어 있다. .www. It is typically only found in very (A) cold areas such as the North and South Poles. [although / in some ways / similar to snowflakes]. .co. is simpler / in form. Snowflakes commonly fall during winter in many cold regions of the world. Diamond dust. Diamond dust. it does not accumulate rapidly on the ground. it is very small and light. S 양보의 부사절 V → although가 이끄는 부사절에서 접속사 although 다음에 「주어+ be동사」 . instead of having many unusual shapes. which are often seen on Christmas cards.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 22~23쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).
Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly by examining Guernica. others are drawn from his knowledge of Goya. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. Rather. untainted. 지층 ① an accidental event ③ continuous education ⑤ extraordinary circumstances ② a lifetime of devotion ④ an interaction with peers Points to Master The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly / by examining Guernica . mystical creativity is. 50 영어독해연습(2) . Rather. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. is based on Picasso’s earlier work. We know a lot about how the painting was created. underpinning the overall structure. the consequence of . → Guernica와 동격 관계에 있는 the painting을 inspired ~ War가 수식하고 있다. built up ~ years는 the knowledge를 수식한다. What seems like pure. widely regarded 이하 또한 Guernica (the painting)를 부가적으로 설명해주고 있다. the painting inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . in fact. because all forty-f ive preliminary sketches are numbered and dated. and so on. incremental 증가하는 stratum 층. And guess what? Guernica was nothing like a bolt from above. → how 이하는 show의 목적어절에 해당하며. the sketches show how Picasso wielded the knowledge built up over thirty years to construct the multiple layers: the first sketch. Each stratum of the masterwork is drawn from experience. the sketches show [how Picasso wielded the knowledge [built up over thirty years] to construct the S V 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 multiple layers]: ~. the painting S (which was) inspired ~ V by -ing: ~함으로써 Guernica와 동격 [inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War].
” which spreads through the group at an astounding speed. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로. moving ~ see는 behavior를 수식한다. or sense.” ~와 같은 which spreads through the group / at an astounding speed. The same goes for flocks of birds. the wave coming toward them.co. they are ready to react more quickly than they would without such advance notice. 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) → this는 앞 문장의 a movement를 가리킨다.ebsi. such as a change in direction. Because individuals can see. 일제히 maneuver 움직임. 앞의 a “maneuver wave”를 부가적으로 설 명해주는 역할을 한다. Any individual can initiate a movement. → 관계대명사 what이 이끄는 절이 문장의 주어 역할을 하고 있다. such as a change in direction. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ 관계대명사(~ 것) ” behavior [ moving faster than the eye which moves ~ S V can see].www. en masse 집단으로. the individual fish or bird is reacting almost instantly to the movements of its neighbors in the school or flock. 기동 훈련 ① go back home ③ escape from the flock ⑤ put others before yourself ② act as a leader ④ follow your neighbor Points to Master Any individual can initiate a movement.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 23~24쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ If you’ve ever gone snorkeling. So are they all following the commands of a leader? Researchers have determined that there is no leader or controlling force. / and this sends out a “maneuver wave. Rather. 06강 51 . What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ ” behavior moving faster than the eye can see. and this sends out a “maneuver wave. you may have seen the astonishing sight: an entire school of fish suddenly changes direction en masse. as one unit.
→ how 이하는 wonder의 목적어 역할을 하며. first published by Galileo. 「의문사 how +주어+동사 ~」 의 어순을 취하고 있음에 유의한다. Galileo put it in Two New Sciences. ① be more obedient to authority ② rely on evidence over tradition ③ return to natural healing methods ④ find inspirations from conventional wisdom ⑤ educate patients to maintain a better posture Points to Master This simple and readily tested observation. This simple and readily tested observation.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . refuted Aristotle. as a similar example. Only recently.” We are left to wonder how people could have believed what they were told for two millennia without ever checking. first published by Galileo. We are left to wonder [how people could have believed / what they were told for two millennia / without ever S V 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사(~ 것) checking]. → first ~ Galileo는 주어인 This simple ~ observation을 부가적으로 설명하는 역할을 한다. the time-honored advice for those suffering from bad backs has been bed rest. we learn that different weights fall at the same speed. though. “I greatly doubt that Aristotle ever tested by experiment whether it be true.. How did this discovery come about? A researcher surveyed multiple databases of trials and results for patients with back pain. Even today. 52 영어독해연습(2) . Like the researcher. refuted Aristotle. who claimed that heavy S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) things fall faster. and isn’t even particularly good compared to moderate activity. slowly but surely we will . have we discovered bed rest isn’t the best treatment..Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? As schoolchildren. who claimed that heavy things fall faster.
although there is every reason to believe they apply. and common sense tells us that we do better if we are well nourished. although there is every reason [ to believe / they apply]. The finding is unexpected because we associate less-than-optimal nutrition with poor growth and health.ebsi.co. longevity benefits of 06강 53 . The health and longevity benefits of S = even though (A) are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 24~25쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). they는 주절의 주어인 The health and (A) 를 가리킨다. If we all lived in (B) controlled environments and had measured portions of monotonous food dispensed to us at regular intervals. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ An unexpected research f inding that may have great practical signif icance is that experimental animals live longer with much lower rates of disease when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. but remain V1 to부정사의 형용사적 용법 V2 unproved for humans. none of us would be overweight. The health and longevity benefits of are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. most of us may be . they는 앞의 experimental animals를 가리킨다. and too much of a good thing may be doing us harm. but remain unproved for (A) humans.www. → 동사 are clearly established와 동사 remain이 주어 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어져 있으며. → 두 번째 that은 is의 보어절을 이끄는 역할을 하며. (A) medication medication digestion undernutrition undernutrition (B) self-controlled undernourished disease-free overnourished weight-conscious ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master An unexpected research finding [ that may have great practical significance] is that experimental animals live longer / S 전치사구 주격 관계대명사 V S’ V’ with much lower rates of disease / when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. In fact.
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