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Project report on humidity controller

Submitted by:

mentor

In this project we give a idea of humidity checking system.Introduction In this project we control the humidity. And after checking system we operate the ex fan. .

10uf) 5. Transistor(npn) 3.270ohm) 4.10k. Diode 6. fan 8. 555 timer 2. Capictor(1000uf. Led 7. 9. . Resistor(1k.Component : 1.

so if we use collers continuously for a long time. In cities people mostly use dessert coller’s that provide some relief from the heat. excessive humidity results.D? DIODE exast fan BAT? 9V 4 R 8 U? Q DC 3 7 Q? NPN VCC 5 CV C? 1nF sensor module 2 GND TR TH 6 1 555 R? 10k INTRODUCTION Summer in India is very hot and it is very difficult to bear this hot. Everybody cannot afford a airconditioner. So in . room are very small . In many houses.

CIRCUIT OPERATION Pin no 4 and 8 of the ic is connected to the positive supply. Output is available on the pin no 3. Output .this project we make a provision that cooler is become off for some time and again on for some time. Pin no 6 and 7 is connected to the two potentiometer. For this purpose we use ic 555 as a astable multivibrator. With the help of this potentiometer we control the time sequence of the square wave. Astable multivibrator generate a square wave. We use this square wave for controlling a cooler pump. Pin no 3 is the output pin. Electronically we design a circuit to on the cooler pump for some time and off the cooler pump for some time. Pin no 1 is connected to the ground pin.

from pin no 3 is connected to the relay coil through NPN transistor circuit. Relay further control the electrical point of the cooler pump. Step down transformer step down the voltage and this voltage is further rectified by the rectifier circuit and provide a Dc supply to the ic 555 circuit. .

COMPONENTS LIST: COMPONENT NAME VALUE QTY RATE .

C.01 MFD 2 1 7/8/-@4/1/- POTENTIOMETER 100KOHM 2 8/-@4 P.@1 20/2/40/- IN 4148 1000MFD 1 470MFD . .STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER DIODE IC TRANSISTOR RELAY POWER CONNECTOR SIGNAL DIODE CAPACITOR 220V 6-0-6 IN 4007 555 BC 548 9 VOLT 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 10/0 2 @1 40/ 2/.a circuit in which the output has no stable state.B GENERAL PURPOSE 30/- CABNET The 555 Monostable Circuit FIBRE 100/- In the previous article in this series we looked at the astable . In this article we discuss the monostable circuit which has one stable state.

The values of these components determine the length of time that the monostable output is in the high state. A monostable circuit produces one pulse of a set length (time period T) in response to a trigger input such as a push button. Notice that the resistor value R and the capacitor value C are unspecified. A visitor can push a button to start a model's mechanism moving. and the mechanism will automatically switch off after a set time. and they may be calculated using the equation below..this application is explained later in this article.The waveforms in figure 1 illustrate the operation of a monostable. The output of the circuit stays in the low state until there is a trigger input. hence the name " monostable" meaning "one stable state". . The 555 Monostable Circuit The circuit diagram of the 555 monostable circuit is given in figure 2. Another use for the circuit is to 'de-bounce' a push button input to a digital IC .. This type of circuit is ideal for use in a "push to operate" system for a model displayed at exhibitions.

an example is given in curly braces {}. you should re -do the calculation with a different value for capacitor C until you get a resistor value within the acceptable range. 1. {I choose T = 10 seconds} 2.. try 100μF. If the resistor value you calculated is smaller than 1kΩ or larger than 1MΩ. you can use a linear variable resistor for R. as shown in figure 3. guess a value for the capacitor C... expressed in Farads. For starters.. Varying the Time Period If you will need to adjust the time period of the monostable circuit in use. Next. Put the values of T and C into the equation below and calculator resistor R.where T is the time period in seconds. .. {I choose C = 100μF} 3. but it must be expressed in seconds. decide the time period T that you require. This can be very small (milliseconds) or large (minutes). Firstly. and R and C are the component values in Ohms (Ω) and Farads (F). Doing the Calculations Here is a step-by-step guide to calculating the value of resistor R .

De-bouncing When a push button is pressed or released. While this may not matter in some circuits like the monostable. The Trigger Input As you can see from figure 1. Normally. If your chosen variable resistor has three connections. and you should connect to the centre connection and either of the end connections. This can be achieved with a push button in exactly the same way as with the Trigger input. When the button is pushed. the Trigger input is directly connected to 0V and the time period T starts. the 10kΩ resistor keeps the Trigger input high. This is achieved in figure 2 by placing a button in series with a resistor across the power supply.Because the resistance of a variable resistor goes down to around 0Ω at one end of its range. T will become longer. to others it will produce erratic behaviour. If the button is connected to the input of a digital IC. . simply take the 555's Reset input briefly low. the contacts will bounce between the on and off states for a fraction of a second. and the monostable is in its steady state. then the IC will think the button is being pressed several times rather than once. a 1kΩ resistor is placed in series with it so that the value of R will never fall below 1kΩ. it is a potentiometer. As the shaft of the variable resistor is turned from its lowest setting to its highest. the 555's Trigger input must be taken low to trigger the monostable. at the voltage Vs. The Reset Input If you want to make the monostable output go low before the time period has elapsed.

you will probably want to leave some extra board space for any extra components required. and can be omitted if you are using a regulated supply or the circuit functions correctly without it. It provides a direct output from the 555 (pin 3). Figure 4 shows a block diagram of this arrangement. such as a motor. but if you want the monostable to control another device. too long and you will prevent quick successions of button presses having an effect on the digital input. The 555 Timer. Obviously. To make a 555 monostable with this time period you would need to make R = 91kΩ and C = 1μF. Some suggestions are given in "Using the 555 output" from part 1 of this series. To solve the problem.an ideal application for a monostable. Building the Circuit A stripboard layout for the 555 monostable circuit is given in figure 5. The 220μF capacitor is included to smooth the power supply. A suitable time period for most applications would be around 100ms. the counter output should increment once every time the button is pressed. if the button is connected to the Clock input of a digital counter IC. . the push button must be 'de-bounced' by placing a small delay between it and the digital input .too short and some of the bounce will get through.For example. Instead it will count perhaps 5 times due to the contact bounce in the button. there is a need to get the length of the delay (the time period) correct .