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Appearance: Adult: In both sexes the head, tail, chest and upper part of back is white, the abdomen

and wings are a reddish-brown with black flight feathers. It has a black bill with yellow eyes and cere and the bare parts of the legs are also yellow. The only way to distinguish between male and female is the sound of their voices, the females being more melodious. They usually call in a duet, but the female can be heard more often and she also calls on her own more often than the male does, just like in an ordinary human marraige.

Juvenile - Blackish -brown with reddish-brown tips. It is only in its 5th year that the bird fully resembles the feather
attire of an adult bird. Habitat: Throughout Southern Africa, In Namibia they are found in the northern and central areas usually associated with rivers, dams, lakes and even the seashore but not on the open sea .They have breeding areas along the Kunene and Okavango rivers, throughout Eastern Caprivi, at the Hardap dam and along the Orange River. Habits and Characteristics: The Fish Eagle is the national bird of Namibia. They are usually found in pairs in areas with large trees near water. It eats dead fish or grab it from other fish-eating birds but can also catch fish that swims near the surface of the water, by doing a shallow dive feet first into the water with its claws stretched forward until it catches the fish and then swings it upward. Sometimes they feed on small animals and birds and even carrion now and again. They have a loud ringing call which they make with the head flung backwards and then forward again. Eagle - the National Bird of Namibia Appearance: Adult: In both sexes the head, tail, chest and upper part of back is white, the abdomen and wings are a reddish-brown with black flight feathers. It has a black bill with yellow eyes and cere and the bare parts of the legs are also yellow. The only way to distinguish between male and female is the sound of their voices, the females being more melodious. They usually call in a duet, but the female can be heard more often and she also calls on her own more often than the male does, just like in an ordinary human marriage. Juvenile - Blackish -brown with reddish-brown tips. It is only in its 5th year that the bird fully resembles the feather attire of an adult bird. Habitat: Throughout Southern Africa, In Namibia they are found in the northern and central areas usually associated with rivers, dams, lakes and even the seashore but not on the open sea .They have breeding areas along the Kunene and Okavango rivers, throughout Eastern Caprivi, at the Hardap dam and along the Orange River. Habits and Characteristics: The Fish Eagle is the national bird of Namibia. They are usually found in pairs in areas with large trees near water. It eats dead fish or grabs it from other fish-eating birds but can also catch fish that swims near the surface of the water, by doing shallow dive feet first into the water with its claws stretched forward until it catches the fish and then swings it upward. Sometimes they feed on small animals and birds and even carrion now and again. They have a loud ringing call which they make with the head flung backwards and then forward again.

as can light-wooded savannah and grasslands. especially in flight. lizards and frogs are also on the menu. Description: Alba is the Latin word for white. but mostly rodents. Bats. There are 195 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Namibia. Weight: 410g. and one of the most widespread of all birds. Incubation periods are around 30 days. Eats mammals in the winter and birds and insects in the summer. Choice of characteristic calls. Diet: Hunts as soon as night falls in search over vegetation for victims. Distribution: Throughout Namibia including the Namib Desert. Breeding: Females lay between 2 and 13 eggs year round. loud hissing screech. Eats hares. young francolin. a hawklike beak. Hungry chicks emit a loud snoring and wheezing call. Size: 32cm. Kalahari Desert. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears.Introduction: Barn owls (Tyto alba) will inhabit any region that has both suitable nesting and roosting sites. which are usually a long. as well as abundant food. Habitats such as desert to evergreen forest edges can accommodate barn owls. dropping feet-first onto ground prey before killing prey with a bite to the neck or squeezing with their feet. shrews and birds. It is also referred to as Common Barn Owl. and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. Desert barn owls also hunt for geckos and scorpions. Windhoek. Orange River and Fish River Canyon. the . Barn Owl Tyto alba The Barn Owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl. These form one of two main lineages of living owls. peaking between February to May. Birds of Namibia TYPICAL OWLS Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. to distinguish it from other species in the barn-owl family Tytonidae.

Its head and upper body typically vary between a light brown and a dark grey (especially on the forehead and back) feathers in most subspecies. which are light brown with darker bands. This does not hold true for European males by contrast. where the spotting varies according to subspecies.other being the typical owls (Strigidae). Straw Owl. alba is found almost anywhere in the world except polar and desert regions. Dobby Owl. corresponding to the general plumage hue. like a flat mask with oversized oblique black eyeslits. The toes. It instead produces the characteristic shree scream. as the bill. Golden Owl. produced by the bill or possibly the tongue. Also given in such situations is a rasp and a clicking snap. The iris is blackish brown. It is most recognizable by its "mask-like" face. They may also use fence posts or other lookouts to ambush prey. "screech owl". the screech-owls in the genus Megascops. Hobgoblin or Hobby Owl. silent flight: White Owl. and the Pacific islands. The light face with its heart shape and the black eyes give the flying bird an odd and startling appearance.[1] It is known by many other names. Asia north of the Alpide belt. "Golden Owl" might also refer to the related Golden Masked Owl (T. ear-shattering at close range. Stone Owl. The underparts (including the tarsometatarsus feathers) vary from white to reddish buff among the subspecies. Depending on subspecies. Rat Owl. females with more spotting are healthier on average. Cave Owl. with a wingspan of some 75–110 cm. The Barn Owl is a pale. The heart-shaped face is usually bright white. like the Tawny Owl or other Strix). Screech Owl. long-legged owl with a short squarish tail. Silver Owl. Monkey-faced Owl. "Hissing Owl" and. It hunts by flying low and slowly over an area of open ground. Scritch Owl. Night Owl. The latter name. their color ranges from pinkish to dark pinkish-grey. Barnyard Owl and Delicate Owl. as are the wavering motions and the open dangling feathered legs. however. particularly in the USA. long-winged. Demon Owl. habitat or the eerie.A. Ghost Owl. making for an effective defense. The talons are black. it does not hoot (such calls are made by typical owls. Death Owl. more correctly applies to a different group of birds. it measures about 25–45 cm in overall length. which may refer to the appearance. Some are purer. Males in courtship give a shrill twitter. it throws itself on its back and flails with sharp-taloned feet. Tail shape is a way of distinguishing the Barn Owl from true owls when seen in flight. It was found that at least in the continental European populations. particularly rodents. T. and when captured or cornered. referring to the piercing calls of these birds. The bill varies from pale horn to dark buff. aurantia). and are either mostly unpatterned or bear a varying amount of tiny blackish-brown speckles. from the onomatopoetic Ancient Greek tyto (τυτο) for an owl—compare English "hooter"—and Latin alba. A Barn Owl will eat . but in some subspecies it is browner. most of Indonesia. richer brown instead. the ridge of feathers above the bill somewhat resembling a nose. and all have fine black-and-white speckles except on the remiges and rectrices. established by G. The barn owl's scientific name. The Barn Owl feeds primarily on small vertebrates. call.[4] Contrary to popular belief. It can hiss like a snake to scare away intruders. literally means "white owl". Hissing Owl. "white". The diet is supplemented with local small vertebrate and large invertebrate life. Church Owl. vary in color. hovering over spots that conceal potential prey. Scopoli in 1769.

The Barn Owl has acute hearing. it might snatch a young chicken or guinea pig once or twice in its life. like the Spotted Nothura (Nothura maculosa). the Barn Owl has a much higher metabolic rate. Barn Owls consume more rodents – often regarded as pests by humans – than possibly any other creature.anything it can subdue and that is more than a beakful.05 grams to birds weighing as much as the owl itself. Contrary to what is sometimes assumed. Hunting nocturnally or crepuscularly. the Barn Owl does not eat domestic animals on any sort of regular basis. from small invertebrates weighing less than 0. Farmers often find these owls more effective than poison in keeping down rodent pests. while prey larger of about 100 g or more (such as baby rabbits. and it does not require sight to hunt. requiring relatively more food. Regionally. if at all.[15] . Compared to other owls of similar size. different foods outside of rodents are utilized as per availability. and they can encourage Barn Owl habitation by providing nest sites. with ears placed asymmetrically for improved detection of sound position and distance. Small prey is usually torn into chunks and eaten completely with bones and all. This makes the Barn Owl one of the most economically valuable wildlife animals to farmers. Cryptomys blesmols or Otomys vlei rats) is usually dismembered and the inedible parts discarded. penetrating its talons through snow. grass or brush to seize rodents with deadly accuracy. Pound for pound. it can target and dive down.