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r}t;Dddf ;f9] #@ ca{ /fh:j ;+sng

jif{ ^, c+s @*,

@)&) ;fn j}zfv @@ ut] cfOtaf/ (May 5, 2013)

sd{rf/L g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ k|ltudg xf] M cflbjf;L hghflt


sf7df8f}F . d'n'sdf sd{rf/L
g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/ aGg' k|ltudg g}
ePsf] ljleGg cflbjf;L hghflt
lj1 tyf ;/f]sf/jfnf / g]tfx?n]
atfPsf 5g\ . pgLx?n] oxL k|lqmofdf
lgjf{rg x'g} g;Sg] bfjL klg u/] .
/fhwfgLsf] ;+jfb\ 8jnLdf jt{dfg
;+s6sf] lgsf;sf nflu cflbjf;L
hghfltx?sf] e" l dsf ljifos
cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf pgLx?n] eg],
ca km]l/ klg ;+3Lotf / hghfltsf]
d'2f cf]em]ndf kfg{] ;Defjgf /x]sfn]
Ps l9Ssf eP/ pqg' kb{ 5 .

hghflt cg';Gwfg s]Gb|sf cWoIf


Pj+ cflbjf;L cfGbf]ngsf cu'jf 8f=
cf] ] d u' ? n] b] z df k| l tudg
eO;s]sfn] cflbjf;L hghfltn]
ljsNk vf]Hg] a]nf cfO;s]sf] atfP .
pgn] eg] , klxn] hghfltn]
;dfg'kflts, ;dfj]zLh:tf s'/fx?
p7fpFbfem} clxn] cfk"mnfO{ d'Vo bn
atfpg]x?n] /fHo k'g;{+/rgfsf] s'/f
p7fpbf 8/fO/x]sf 5g\ . pgsf]
ljrf/df rf/ bnsf] l;l08s]6df
ag]sf] ;/sf/n] hghfltsf] d'2fdf
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

d"No ?= &.

sf7df8f}+F . rfn' cfly{s aif{ @)^(&) sf] r}t dlxgf;Dddf s/


/fh:j jfkt ? @( ca{ *% s/f]8 &! nfv / u}/ s/tk{ b'O{ ca{ ^#
s/f]8 *% nfv u/L s'n ? #@ ca{ $( s/f]8 %^ nfv /fh:j ;ng
ePsf] 5 . /fh:j Joj:yfkg dxfzfvfn] cfh oxfF cfof]hgf u/]sf]
sfo{qmddf ut cf=j= sf] o;} dlxgfdf @& ca{ ^@ s/f]8 $) nfv c;'nL
ePsf] t'ngfdf !*=% k|ltztn] a[l4 u/L ? #! ca{%^ s/f]8 $^ nfv
c;'nL ug{ u/L nIo /flvPsf]df nIo eGbf ? (# s/f]8 !) nfv c;'nL
ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ut cf=j=sf] r}t dlxgfdf ? ^ ca{ ^( s/f]8 %*
nfv d"No clej[l4 s/ ;+sng ePsf] klg hgfOPsf] 5 . o; jif{sf] r}t
dlxgfdf ? & ca{ !$ s/f]8 c;'nL eO{ a[l4 b/ ^=^# k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 .
o;}u/L eG;f/ dx;'ntk{m ut cfly{s jif{sf] r}t dlxgfdf ? # ca{ *&
s/f]8 %@ nfv c;'nL ePsf]df rfn' cf=j= sf] o; dlxgfdf ? % ca{ !*
s/f]8 % nfv c;'nL eO{ j[l4b/ ##=^* k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . cGtMz'Nstk{m
ut cf=j=sf] r}t dlxgfdf ?= @ ca{ $% s/f]8 @% nfv c;'n ePsf]df
rfn' cf=j=sf] o; dlxgfdf ?= # ca{ !! s/f]8 &( nfv c;'nL eO{
a[l4b/ @&=!# k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . cfos/tk{m -afF s L clGtd k] h df_

;+3if{sf] tof/Ldf dfcf]jfbL


sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/ / rf/ bnLo
l;l08s]6n] cfk"mx?sf] dfusf] ;'gj' fO{
gug] { ePkl5 g] s kfdfcf] j fbL
cfGbf]ngsf] tof/Ldf h'6]sf] 5 .
jt{dfg lvn/fh /]UdL ;/sf/sf]
vf/]hL, !! a'bF ] ;xdlt lkmtf{ lng'kg],{
@% a'Fb] k|:tfhj vf/]h x'g'kg]{
uf]nd]r ;efsf] cfof]hgf u/L /fli6o

Pstfsf] ;/sf/ agfpg'kg]{ dfu ub}{


cfGbf] n gdf plqPsf] dfcf] j fbL
;/sf/n] cfk"mx?sf] cfjfhsf] ;'gj' fO{
gu/L rf/ bnsf] cfb]z lz/f]k/ ub}{
r'gfjL tof/Ldf nfu]kl5 cfqmf]lzt
ag]sf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLn] oyfl:ylt jf
s'gk} lg xfntdf ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfj
x'g g;Sg] eGb} r'gfjL jftfj/0f

ljBfno cfgf] ;Dk"0f{ zlQm s]lGb|t


ug]{ tof/L u/]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 .
;/sf/n] cfufdL d+l;/df ug{] u/L
r'gfjsf] ldlt 3f]if0ff ug{] u[xsfo{
u/sfn] g]skfdfcf]jfbL k|lt/f]wL
;+ 3 if{ s f] tof/Ldf h' 6 ] s f] xf] .
dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ljZjf;df lng ;/sf/
tyf rf/ /fhgLlts bnaf6 ePsf

eStk'/sf O6fef dfkb08ljk/Lt


sf7df8f}F . lj1fg k|ljlw tyf
jftfj/0f dGqfnocGtu{t\ jftfj/0f
ljefusf] g]t[Tjsf] 6f]nLn] ;f]daf/
eStk' / df ;~rflnt OF 6 fefdf
cg'udg ubf{ clwsf+z OF6fef
dfkb08ljk/Lt ;~rfngdf /x]sf]
kfPsf] 5 . hg:t/af6 ;d]t efsf]
lj/f]wdf u'gf;f cfPkl5 jftfj/0f
ljefun] k|b"if0fsf] cj:yf s]s:tf]

5 < eg]/ cg'udg u/]sf] lyof] .


;~rfnsn] pBf]u ;~rfng ug{c
' l3
a:tL / h+unsf] Ps lsnf]ld6/leq
;~rfng ug{ gx'g,] s[lifof]Uo hldgsf
ef ;~rfng ug{ gkfOg], afn>lds
/fVg gkfOg], w"nf]/lxt ;8s x'gk' g],{
ef jl/kl/ xl/ofnL x'gk' g],{ ;Dkbf
;+/If0f x'gk' g]h
{ :tf ;Demf}tf u/] klg
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

sn+sLsf]6Z] j/ ;8s lj:tf/ h]7b]lv


sf7df8f}F . rLg ;/sf/sf] cfly{s
;xof]udf bz n]gdf lj:tf/ x'g
nfu]sf] ;f9] gf} lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] snL
sf]6Z] j/ ;8s v08sf] ;j]I{ f0f b|t"
ultdf cl3 a9]sf] 5 . cfufdL h]7
$ ut]b]lv ;8s lj:tf/sf] sfd
yflng] ePsfn] tLg ;b:oLo lrlgofF
k|fljlws 6f]nLn] tLj| ultdf ;j]I{ f0fsf]
sfd cl3 a9fPsf] xf] . ;8s lgdf{tf
sDkgL ;f3fO sG:6S;g u|k' sf tL

k|fljlws o'4:t/df ;j]I{ f0fdf nfu]sf


tyf cfpFbf] h]7 $ b]lv lrlgofF
sfdbf/n] lgdf{0f Pj+ lj:tf/sf] sfd
yfNg] rqmky lj:tf/ kl/of]hgfsf
k|dv
' czf]s ltjf/Ln] atfP . ;f3fO
sG:6 S ;g u| ' k n] lgdf{ 0 f
pks/0fnufot ;fdu|L s]xL lbgleq}
oxfF NofO;Sg] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] pSt
sDkgLnfO{ nlntk'/sf] ;'Gb/L3f6df
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

dfcf]jfbLn] /fli6o :jflwgtfsf] kIfdf cfGbf]ng rsf{pg]


sf7df8f}F . g]skfdfcf]jfbLn]
rf/ bnLo /fhgLlts Psflwsf/sf]
e08fkmf]/ ub}{ /fli6o :jflwgtfsf]
d'2fnfO{ rsf{pg] ePsf] 5 . ljb]zL
bnfnx?sf] rnv]n a9]sf] atfpFb}
dfcf]jfbLn] casf] cfGbf]ng /fli6o
:jflwgtf lj/f]wL zlQm;Fu s]lGb|t

/xg] pb\3f]if u/]sf] 5 . !@$ cf}+


dhb'/ lbj;sf] sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg
ub}{ dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx?n] pQm
pb\ 3 f] i f u/] s f x' g \ . sf7df8f} F
j;Gtk'/df cfof]lht d] lbj;sf]
sfo{qmddf af]Nb} g]skfdfcf]jfbLsf
;lrj g]q ljqmd rGb ljKnjn] ;]gf,

k|x/L, b]zeSt hgtf / cfgf] kf6L{


ldn]/ /fli6otfsf] n8fOF n8\gk' g]{ a]nf
cfPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . clvn g]kfn
6]8 o'lgog dxf;+3n] d] lbj;sf]
>;/df cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf
;Djf] w g ub} { ;lrj laKnjn]
g]kfnaf6 ljb]zLsf bnfnx?nfO{
nv]6\g cfjZos /x]sf] pNn]v u/] .
pgn] eg] b]z u'd] dfcf]jfbLsf] dfq}
u'Db}g . ;]gf, k|x/L, hgtf ;a}sf]
u'D5 . ca x'g] n8fOF ;]gf, k|x/L
lj?4 x' g ] 5} g , of] b] z df /x] /
ljb] z Lsf] nflu sfd ug{
/fi63fltx?lj?4 Tof] n8fOF x'g]5 .
;/sf/n] cfgf dfu k"/f gu/L
anhtL lgjf{rg u/fpg vf]h]/
zflGt efF 8 \ g vf] h ] s f] atfpF b }
laKnjn] ;/sf/n] cfk"mx?lj?4 bdg
u/] To;sf] k|lt/f]w ul/g] atfP .
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

k|of; clxn];Dd ;kmn x'g ;s]sf


5}gg\ / ;kmn x'g] ;Defjgf klg
6fl9Psf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ljZjf;df
lng g;s]df lgoGq0fdf lnP/ eP klg
lgjf{rg ;DkGg ul/5f8\g,] cfjZos
k/] dfcf]jfbLlj?4 ;]gf;d]t kl/rfng
ug]{ ;/sf/L of]hgf /x]sf] a'lemPsf]
5 . ;/sf/ o;/L lgjf{rg ul/5f8\g]
u[xsfo{df h'6s
] f] a'em]kl5 dfcf]jfbLn]
klg ;/sf/L of]hgfnfO{ x/xfntdf
c;kmn kfl/5f8\g] of]hgf agfPsf] 5 .
;/sf/ / lgjf{rgsf lj?4 zflGtk"0f{
Pj+ j}wflgs cfGbf]ng ug]{ ;f]r
dfcf]jfbLsf] 5, t/ ;/sf/ bdgdf
plqPdf To;sf] s7f]/ k|lt/f]w ug{]
tof/Ldf pgLx? /x]sf 5g\ . ;/sf/n]
bdgsf] gLlt clVtof/ u/]df dfcf]jfbL
kf6L{n] ;zSt k|lt/f]w ug]{ of]hgf
agfPsf] 5 . ;'?df lj/f]w k|bz{gsf
sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/L lgjf{rg k|of;df
c8\rg k}bf ug],{ To;f] ubf{ /fHon]
an k|of]u u/]df cfk"mx?n] klg an
k|of]u ug{] dfcf]jfbLn] hgfPsf 5 .
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

OlGhlgo/sf]
;" l r j] j ;fO6df
sf7df8f}F . cfpFbf] h]7b]lv
sf7df8f} F dxfgu/kflnsfn]
OlGhlgo/sf] ;"lr j]j;fO6df
/fVg] ePsf] 5 . sf7df8f}dF f btf{
ePsf OlGhlgo/x?sf] ;" l r
dxfgu/kflnsfn] j]j;fO6df
/fVg nfu]sf] xf] . 3/ lgdf{0f ug]{
gful/ssf] ;xh kx'Frsf nflu
OlGhlgo/x?sf] ;"lr j]j;fO6df
/fVg nfu]sf] dxfgu/kflnsf
ejg lgdf{0f ljefusf jl/i7
OlGhlgo/ 8f= pQ/s'df/ /]UdLn]
hfgsf/L lbP . e"sDk k|lt/f]wL
3/ agfpg rfxg] gful/sn]
OlGhlgo/;Fu /fd|f];Fu k/fdz{
gug]{ k|jl[ QnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ /
alnof] 3/ lgdf{0fdf OlGhlgo/sf]
;Sbf] pkof]u xf];\ eg]/ ;"lr
tof/ kf/] s f] pgn] atfP .
j] j ;fO6df OlGhlgo/x?sf]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

:j/f]hfu/ sf]ifdf u'/fufO{sf] /hfO{ ljb]z e|d0fnfO{ g} /fhgLltsf] 68] dfs{ agfpg]x?
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] o'jf tyf
;fgf Joj;foLnfO{ :j/f]huf/df
nfUg ;xof]u k'ofpg] p2]Zosf
;fy :yfkgf u/]sf] o'jf tyf ;fgf
Joj;foL :j/f]huf/ sf]if olta]nf
sf]ifsf sfo{sf/L k|dv
' ljgf]b
u'/fufO{sf] /hfOF ug]{ ynf]sf] ?kdf
kl/0ft x'g k'us
] f] ;|ft] n] atfPsf]
5 . /fli6o jfl0fHo a}s
+ af6 ;]jf
lgj[ Q ljgf] b s' d f/ u' / fufOF
Pdfcf]jfbLsf Ps g]tfsf] k]m/
;dft]/ sf]ifsf] sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s
aGg ;kmn ePsf] ;|ft] n] atfPsf]
5 . Pdfcf]jfbLsf] k]m/ ;dft]/
sf]ifsf] sfo{sf/L lgb]z
{ s aGg
k'us
] f u'/fufOFn] clxn] :j/f]huf/
sf]ifnfO{ Pdfcf]jfbLsf] sfo{stf{

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu


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kfNg] kf]:g] cv8fdf kl/0ft


u/]sf] ;|ft] sf] bfjL 5 . clxn]
s'g} klg ;j+;fwf/0f gful/sn]
:j/f]huf/ sf]ifaf6 s'g} ;ljwf
/ ;x'lnot kfpg' cfsfzsf] kmn
ePsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . :j/f]huf/
sf]ifaf6 k|fKt ug]{ h'g;'s} ;'ljwf
/ ;x'lnot kfpg klxn] s'g}
g]tfsf] cfzLjf{b kfpg' kg]{ l:ylt
ePsf] sf]if ;Da4 sd{rf/Lx?
g} :jLsf5{g\ . o;} ljifodf lh1f;f
/fVbf gfd pNn]v gu/L lbg
cg'/f]w ub}{ sf]ifsf Ps sd{rf/L
eG5g\ . :j/f]huf/ sf]if clxn]
s'g} kf6L{ ljif]z / g]tf ljz]ifsf]
sfo{stf{ g} kfNg]kf]:g] cv8fsf]
?kdf kl/0ft ePsf] 5 . xfdL
t nfP cx|fPsf] sfd ug]{ g xf] .
sfof{nosf] clgdldttfsf] af/]df s'/f
p7fP hflu/af6 g} xft w'gk' g]{ l:ylt
cfO{ nfUg] lrGtf 5 eGb} pgn] cufl8
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

g]kfnsf nueu w]/}h;f] g]tfx?


ljb] z e| d 0fsf] lgDtf kfPkl5
cfk"mnfO{ dxfg\ / rdTsfl/s 7fGg]
/f]u 5 . e|d0fsf] cj;/df kqsf/
;Dd]ng u/L z/L/n] klg wfGg} g;Sg]
u/L clg cg'xf/ g} 5f]lkg] u/L

d'xfg\ km'6\g]5 . cem} 7]6 efiffdf


eGg] u/]sf 5g\\ ljb]zLx?;Fu ;xof]u
dfu]/} eP klg d b]z / hgtfnfO{
;d[4 agfpg] 5' . 8f= afa'/fd
e/fO{ ef/tdf uP/ kmls{bf eg]
d ljKkfsf] dfWodaf6 ljb] z L
nufgLsf] jiff{

If]Kof:q ax;
lji0f' kGt

k|fof]lht 9+un] k"mnsf dfnfx?


nufpF5g\ k|r08n] h:t} u/L . g]tfx?
o:tf] 7fG5g\ dfgf}F dfnf w]/} nufpg'
g} nf]slk|otfsf] k|df0f xf] . dfnfsf]
tf}n, cfsf/ clg dfqfTds kIfnfO{
x]g]{ xf] eg] k|r08 g} of] b]zsf
;a}eGbf nf]slk|o g]tf x'g\ . nueu
;a}h;f] :j3f]lift dxfg\ g]tfx?n]
ljb]z e|d0f cl3 / kl5 Pp6} s'/f
eGg] u/]sf 5g\ d]/f] e|d0faf6
b]zdf cfly{s qmflGt / ljsf;sf]

g} u/fpg] 5' . t/ lj8Djgf ljKkf


;Demf}tf ePsf] w]/} dlxgfx? lat],
t/ vf]O st} nufgLsf] vj/ ;'Ggdf
cfPsf] 5}g . jf:tjdf of] u/La
g]kfnL hgtfsf] dgf]lj1fg dflysf]
v]njf8, ckdfg / 3[l0ft /fhgLlt
xf] . hgtfnfO{ ljsf;sf] k|nf]eg
lbP/ k~r / sfFu|]; / Pdfn]n] 7u] .
b] z nfO{ l;fk' / , a} s /
:jL6h/Nof08 agfpg] vf] q mf]
cfZjf;gdf g]kfnL hgtfx? w]/} jif{

7luP . clxn] ljsf;] cfZjf;g /


gf/fnfO{ hgtfn] kTofpg 5fl8;s] .
ca gofF gf/f jf gofF ;"qsf] z'?jft
ul/Psf] 5, Tof] xf] cfly{s qmflGt,
pTkfbg lj|u]8 / :j/f]huf/ . cfk"m
cy{dGqL x'Fbf 8f= afa'/fd e/fO{n]
g]kfnL o'jfx?nfO{ Pp6f vf]qmf] / pwf/f]
;kgf afF8], Tof] lyof] :j/f]huf/
C0f jf nf]g pknAw u/fpg] . of]
of] h gfn] pgnfO{ ;a} e Gbf a9L
nf]slk|o agfof] t/ To;sf] jf:tljs
?k pgL k|wfgdGqL ePkl5 k|:6 eof] .
zfob clxn] ;a}eGbf cnf]slk|o g]tf
8f= afa'/fd e/fO{ g} 5g\ eGbf
cTo'lQm gxf]nf . ca kfnf] k|r08sf]
cfPsf] 5 . ca s'/f r'gfjsf] klg
rn] s f] 5 . cfgf] x] 6 f} F 8 f
dxflwj] z gaf6 Pp6f uhjsf]
hfb'u/L gf/f jf ;"q ofFs]sf 5g\,
Tof] xf] cfly{s qmflGtsf] ;"q jf
pTkfbg lj| u ] 8 sf] ;" q . x] 6 f} F 8 f
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

ltdL ltd|f] tl/sfn] n8, xfdL xfd|f] tl/sfn] n8\5f}

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cj}wflgs sfof{no vf/]h u/


df]/ lhNnfsf] lj/f6gu/ !& dnfof /f]8df
ef/tn] cfk\mgf] b"tfjf;sf] lkmN8 clkm; eGb}
cj}wflgs sfof{no :yfkgf u/]sf] 5 . ;g\
@))* df sf];L gbLsf af9L kLl8tsf ;xof]usf
nflu eg]/ :yfkgf u/]sf] sfof{no clxn];Dd
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ef/tLo b"tfjf;n] g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lgb]z
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k"/} j]jf:tf ub}{ sfof{nonfO{ lj:tf/ u/]/
clws[t:t/sf] sd{rf/L /fv]sf] 5 . o;n]
ef/tLo b"tfjf;sf] ldrfxf k|jl[ Qsf] phfu/
ub{5 . b"tfjf;n] g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lgb]z
{ gsf]
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bf];f| ;
] ftf k//fi6 dGqfnon] b"tfjf;nfO{ ;f]
sfof{nfo x6fpg kq n]vs
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ef/tLo b"tfjf;n] ;f] sfof{no x6fpg] ;+st]
b]vfPsf] 5}g . g]kfnL e"lddf cj}wflgs ?kdf
sfof{bno vf]n/] ef/tLo em08f kmx/fOg'
/fi6, /fli6otf / g]kfnL hgtfdfly wfjf
af]n;
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g] s kfdfcf] j fbLn] /fli6 o :jflwgtfsf]
cfGbf]ngsf] pb\3f]if ul/;s]sf] 5 . cfd
:jfledfgL g]kfnL hgtfn] ef/tsf] o:tf] 7f8f]
x:tIf]k lj?4 ca g]skfdfcf]jfbLsf] sfFwdf
sfFw ldnfO{ cfGbf]ngdf pqg'sf] ljsNk 5}g .
ef/tn] ca s] a'g'k5{ eg] cfhsf @! cf}+
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:jflwgtfsf] pRr d"Nofg ub}{ ef/tn] tTsfn
o:tf cj}wflgs sfof{no / sfo{x? aGb
ug'k{ 5{ . h;af6 g]kfn / ef/t b'as
} f] lxt
x'G5 / eljiodf klg ;'dw'/ ;DaGw sfod
/lx/G5 . cGoyf g]kfnL hgtf cfk\mgf]
:jfledfgsf] nflu h:tf];s
' } alnbfgL ug{ tof/
x'G5g h'g ef/tsf] nflu ;d]t 3fts x'g;S5 .
r]tgf eof .

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

d'ns' sf] /fhgLlts cj:yf / g]tfx?sf] lqmofsnfk


xfd|f] b]z !)) df () hlQ ul/a
5g\, s'6L sf]bfnf] u/]/ ufpFdf a:5g\,
h;nfO{ vfg nfpg k'us
] f] 5}g . g]kfn
eg]s} ltg} !)) df gAa] dflg; x'g\ .
ha d g]kfnsf] sNkgf ub{5,' To;a]nf
ltg} ul/a bfh'efOx?sf] tl:a/ d]/f]
cufl8 cfpF5 . d}nf n'uf nufPsf] vfg
gkfPsf] / /f]uL cg'xf/sf] tl:a/, clg
dnfO{ nfUb5 oL /f]uL vfg gkfPsf]
cg'xf/ kf] xfd|f] b]z xf] . To;f] x'gfn]
ToxL vfg gkfPsf] k]6df cGg hfcf];,
xf:g gkfPsf] cf]7df xf;f] cfcf];,\ /f]uLn]
cf}iflw d'nf] kfcf];, s]6fs]6Ln] k9\g kfpg
eg]/ g} xfdL /fhgLltdf nfu]sf xf},F
dGqL xf}n+ f, 7'nf7'nf s';L{df hfpFnf eg]/
/fhgLltdf nfu]sf xf]Ogf}F . s] g]kfn eg]sf]
oxfFsf % j6f ;x/ xf] < ls g]kfn
eg]sf] ufpF xf] < xfdLn] ljsf;sf s'/f
ubf{ ljsf;n] u|fdL0f kl/jf/nfO{ s] uof] <
eGg] k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbg ;Sg'k5{, olb
7"nf ;8s aG5 eg] df]6/ uf8L
hf]l;t 5 ,p;n] pkof]u u5{, h]6 Kn]g
ufpFnn] ] r8\bg} , lah'nL k|of]u ub}g{ .
To; sf/0f d}n] k|wfgdGqL x'bF f of]hgf
cfof]usf] ldl6df eg]sf] lyPF tkfO{x+ ?
leQfdf /fhfsf] tl:a/ /fVg'xf];\ / ;fy}
g]kfnsf] Pp6f ul/a ufpFn] ls;fgsf]
cfgf] em'k8L cufl8 ple/x]sf] lrq
klg /fVgf];\ / To;sf] cg'xf/ x]//] of]hgf
agfpgf];\ / ;f]Wgf];\ . o; of]hgfn] To;
emf]k8Ldf a:g] ls;fgnfO{ s] nfe lbg
;S5 < d cfh klg ToxL k|Zg ;f]W5',
of] dflysf] egfO dxfdfgj :juL{o la=kL=
sf]O/fnfsf] xf] . tTsfnLg kl/j]zdf af6f]
3f6f], lah'nL alQ cflb ef}lts k"jf{wf/sf]
kof{Kt ljsf; gePsf] cj:yfdf
;f]lrPsf] ljrf/ / @! cf}F ztfAbLsf]
rdTsfl/s la1fg / k|ljlwsf] ljsf;sf]
pkh gofFgofF ;Lk, gofFgofF k|ljlwsf]
kydf ljZjsf w]/} d'ns
' b|t" t/ ultdf
bf}l8/x]sf] ;Gbe{ hf]8/] x]bf{ xfdL eg]
la=kL= sf]O/fnfn] ;f]r] h:tf] ;dos}
;]/f]km]/f]df ?dlNn /x]sf 5f}F . cem} klg
d'ns
' df /fhgLlts cGof}ntfsf] afbn
x6\g ;s]sf] 5}g, h;sf] sf/0f xfd|f]
;dfh lbgk|ltlbg k5fl8 kb}{ uPsf]
5 . d'ns
' nfO{ ;d[4 kfg{sf] lglDt ;a}eGbf
klxnf cfly{s If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfdf
/fv]/ cGo of]hgf th'd{ f ug{k' g]{ 7fpFdf
To;f] x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . d'ns
' n]
clsf/ u/]sf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] l;4fGtn]
ljsf;sf] ;f ljgfz lgDTofpFb} 5 .

;ftfsf] ax;
5qaxfb'/ d}gfnL

xl/of] ag g]kfnsf] wg eg]/ w]/} klxnfb]lv


;'Gb} / k9\b} cfPsf 5f}F . xfd|f] ag h+undf
cToGt u'0f:t/o'St cd"No sf7kft
/x]sf] kfOG5 . t/ tL sf7kftsf] ;dod}
;xL ;b'kof]u geP/ ;8]/ uPsf 5g\ .
Tof] gf]S;fg /fi6sf] xf] . o:tf cd"No
sf7kft s'lxP/ gfl;Fb} 5 eg] ljb]zaf6
Knfl:6snufot cGo sRrf kbfy{af6
lgld{t kmlg{r/nufotsf ;fdfg cfoft
u/]/ xl/of] agsf] wg km6fkm6 lab]lzPsf]
5 . s] /fHon] o:tf ;Defljt If]qsf]
lasfz ug{ ;Sb}g < of] n]v n]lv/xFbf
lautdf of] k+lStsf/ dWok"j{ Pl;ofnL
d'ns
' stf/df /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf
/xFbf l5d]sL d'ns
' ef/tsf Pshgf
rfrfhL;Fu ePsf] ;+afb pxfFs} efiffdf
h:tfsf] t:t} /fVg] cg'dlt lnG5' . pxfFsf]
pd]/ sl/a ^) aif{hlQsf] x'g' kb{5 .
pxfF k]zfn] /]:6'/G] 6 rnfpg' x'GYof] . bf]xf
P/kf]6s
{ f] l7s ;fd'Gg] klZrd lbzfdf,
hxfF stf/ P]/j]ohsf] x]8 clkm;sf]
nfOgdf kb{5 . xfdL k|foM pxfFs} /]:6'/G] 6df
hfg] ub{Yof}F . pxf lgSs} ldhfl;nf]
:jefjsf] x'gfn] xfdL v'n/] xf;L dhfs
ub{Yof}F . Ps lbg s'/} s'/fsf] l;nl;nfdf
rfrfhL uDeL/ eP/ k|:t't x'g' ef] b]vf] eO{ t'd g]kfnL nf]u k};f ldn]uf tf]
dxFu] 38L, dxFu] r]Zdf, dxFu] df]afOn
;]6, dxFu] sd]/f vl/b s/s] k};s
] f]
;Tofgfz s/t] xf], sf]xL g]kfnL efO nf]u+
6\jfOn]6 ;fkm sg]{ n'df gfdsf laif lktf
x], n]lsg xd dfnfjf/L nf]u+ k};f ldn]uf
tf] sxfF cR5] hldg x}, sxfF c5] hux x}
Jofkf/ s/g]s] lnP, n8sf n8\lssf]
cR5] :s'n sn]hsf] w'8+ t] x} b]vf t'd
nf]u cf}/ xdf/fd] lstgf km/s x] <
rfrfhLn] eg]sf s'/f ;a} jf:tljs lyP .
xfdLn] xf] eGb} ;xdt hgfof}F . jf:tjdf
ckjfbafx]s xfdLdf kmh'n vr{ ug]{
afgL kl/;s]sf] oyfy{ ;To xf] . z'qmaf/sf]
5'Ldf bf]xfdf hDdf x'g] xfdL g]kfnL
bfh'efOsf] ultljlw x]g{] xf] eg] rfrfhL
of] laifodf !)) k|ltzt ;To 7xl/g]5g\ .
dxFuf 38L, Sofd]/f, h'Qfb]lv cGo
lanfzLtfsf] ;dfg k|foM x/]ssf] xft
xftdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . ef}lts ;fwg k|of]u
ug{ x'Gg eGg] d]/f] dfGotf xf]Og . k|of]u

ug{k' b{5 . cfgf] uR5]cg';f/ dfq .


c?sf] b]vfl;sL u/]/ xf]Og d'ns
' g}
k/lge{tfdf rNg'sf] sf/0f klg xf] . kmh'n
vr{ lalw x'gd' f, of] ;Dk"0f{ ;fdflhs
hLjgdf x'g] ultljlwsf] lhDd]jf/ /fHo
xf] /fHon] To:tf] r]tgfsf] :t/df lasfz
ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g, ePsf df}lns ;Dkbf
;d]t gi6 u/]/ Oltxf; d]6g\ t] km{ pGd'v
5g\ . o;n] d'ns
' sf] bL3{sflng lxt ub}g{
eGg]df lsg ;b\al' 4 lkm/]g . b]z lasfzsf]
cfwf/ @)$^ ;fnsf] kl/jt{gnfO{ dfGg]
xf] eg] d'ns
' df c/fhstfafx]s s]xL
b]lvFbg} . ckafbdf To:tf /fd|f sfd
klg ePsf 5g\ . h;sf] :d/0f ug{nfos
5 h:t} lzIff, ;+rf/ cflb, t/ d'ns
' nfO{
;xL lbzfdf xfFSg ;Sg] ;f/yLsf] cefjdf
pTs[i6 dflgPsf] k|hftflGqs Joj:yfn]
;d]t cj;fg Joxf]g{ ' kof] . t}klg s'g}
g s'g} gfd lbP/ gofFgofF l;4fGtsf]
k|of]u x'g 5f8]sf] 5}g . d'ns
' df w]/}
k|sf/sf l;4fGt k|of]u ul/Fb5
} kl/0ffd
;Gtf]ifhgs 5}g . s'g} Ps g]tT[ jn] Ps
sfo{sfn k"/f ug{ g;Sg', /fhgLlts
;xdlt sfod x'g g;Sg', vf]qmf] cfbz{sf]
;kgf afF8/] eP klg /fhgLlts v]tLkftL
df}nfO/x]sf] 5 . !) aif{df k|ltJolSt
cfo # xhf/ 8n/ k'ofpg]bl] v !) aif{df
g]kfn Pl;of d} wgL x'g] ckl/kSj egfO
;'lgb} 5 . ;a}sf] b[9OR5f zlSt x'g] xf],
;a}sf] cfjfhnfO{ ;d]6/] nfg ;Sg]
/fhg]tf k}bf eP l9nf]rf8f] ;Dej 5 .
g]kfnsf] gbLgfnf hlQ lab]zL k|es
' f]
kfpdf r9fP/ cfpg] ,k|fs[lts ;|ft] df
g]kfnL hgtfsf] xsclwsf/ qmdzM l5Gb}
nfg], lab]zL k|es
' f] lgb]z
{ gdf d'ns
' sf]
lasfzky ca?4 u/]/ /fi63ft ePsf]
tkm{ ;r]t gful/sn] ljj]s gu'dfO{
d"Nof+sg ug{] ;do 3ls{b+ } 5 . /fhgLlts
cj:yf / bnsf g]tfx?sf] lqmofsnfkn]
d'ns
' df cem} cGof}ntf 5fpg] lglZrt
5 . b]z / hgtfsf] nflu eg]/ ul/g]
/fhgLlt cGttM JolStut, bnut
:jfy{afx]s /fli6o :jfy{nfO{ cfTd;ft
ug{af6 kl5 x6\b} cfPsf 5g\ . h;/L
x'G5 cfgf] ceLi6 k"/f ug{ kfP Tof] g}
;j{laho, Tof] g} b]z / hgtfsf] nflu
u/]sf] 7fGg]x?n] e'm7sf] /fhgLlt u/]/

b]z / hgtfnfO{ wf]vf lbFb5} g\ . of] b]z


/ hgtfk|ltsf] 3f]/ ckdfg xf] . ;fob
Oltxf;sf] s'g} sfnv08df efjL lkF9Ln]
o;sf] plrt lx;falstfa t vf]Hnfg
g} . Tolta]nf;Dd ;don] g]6f] sf6L ;s]sf]
cj:yf x'g]5 . Oltxf;sf] x/]s
sfnv08df g]kfn / g]kfnL hgtfsf]
elaio dfly v]njf8 x'bF } cfPsf] 5 .
;j{xf/f au{sf] lxt / pTyfg ug]5{ f}+ eg]/
nfu]sf] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]afbL kf6L{nfO{
g]kfnL hgtfn] laZjf; u/]/ Ps gDa/
/fhgLlts bnsf] bhf{df k'ofPsf] w]/}
;do ePsf] 5}g . vfg gkfPsf k]6df
cGg hfcf];,\ xf:g gkfPsfsf] cf]7df xf;f]
cfcf]; eg] h:t} ul/a, ;j{xf/f, blnt,
lk5l8Psf au{?sf] pTyfg x'G5 eGg]
ljZjf;sf ;fy cledt lbFbfsf] kl/0ffd
cfgf] 3'8F fdf aGr/f] k|xf/ ePh:tf] x'g
k'u]sf] 5 . lglZrt ju{laz]ifsf]
pTyfgafx]s ul/a, lgd'vf hgtfsf] kL8f
hxfFsf] ToxLF c;/Nn 5l/P/ /x]sf 5g\ .
tL 5l/P/ /x]sf kL8f dfly /fhgLltsf]
gff] gfr b]Vg yflnFb} 5 . gjul7t g]skf
dfcf]afbL kf6L{n] lautdf ;/sf/L
:jfldTjdf /x]sf afF;af/L 5fnf h'Qf
sf/vfgf, e[s6' L sfuh pBf]unufotsf
;+3;+:yfg, w/fozL agfpg] tTsflng
lhDd]jf/ txdf /x]sfx?sf] gfdfjnL
;fj{hlgs ug{, ;fy} PsLs[t g]skf
dfcf]afbL kf6L{ leqsf gjwgf9\ox?sf]
;d]t gfdfjnL ;fj{hlgs ug{] 3f]if0ff
u/]sf]df of] k+lStsf/n] pSt sbdsf]
hf]8bf/ :jfut u/]sf] lyof] . t/ ;dosf]
ult ;+u;+u} Tof] laifopk/ ;'Gg 5fl8Psf]
5 . g]skf dfcf]jfbL kf6L{n] v'f sdfP/
aLrdf Tolts} g5f8f];\ eGg] z'esfdfg
lyof] . tdfd Gofok|d] L hgtfsf] tkm{af6,
t/ kf6L{n] xfnsf lbgx?df of] laifodf
sxLF st} p7fg u/]sf] b]lvFbg} . of] laifonfO{
cfdhgtf dfem nu]/ k"0f{tf lbg} kb{5 .
/fd|f] sfdsf] nflu hgtfn] caZo ;fy
lbg]g} 5g\ . lautdf k6sk6s of] laifo
p7fg x'g] u/]sf] ;j{ljlbt 5 . t/ of]
laifon] slxNo} k"0f{tf kfpg g;s]/ a]jfl/;]
cj:yfdf /xg k'us
] f] lyof] . of] laifon]
;fy{stf kfpg} kb{5 . s]jn /fhgLlts
;:tf] nf]slk|otfsf] gf/f gagf];\ . hgtfsf]
hghLljsf, /fli6o :jflwgtfsf] dd{ /
efjgf cg';f/ o:tf las[lt lj;+ultsf]
e08fkmf]/ ug}{ kb{5 . ta dfq ;d[4
g]kfnsf] kl/sNkgfn] ;fsf/ ?k n]nf .

cfGbf]ng g} clGtd ljsNk

cGtl/d ;+ljwfg )^#sf] efu !


k|f/lDes wf/f ! df ;+ljwfg g]kfnsf]
d"n sfg'g xf] . of] ;+ljwfg ;Fu jflemg]
sfg"g jflemPsf] xb;Dd cdfGo x'g] 5
:ki6 JofVof 5 . h;nfO{ j}wfgLs
hgk|ltlglwsf] ;Dk"0f{ dtn] ;d]t ;+zf]wg
ug{ ;Sb}gg . hgk|ltlglw g/x]sf]
cj:yfdf $ bnsf g]tfn] blno
l;l08s]6 v8f u/L dGqfnox? Efuj08f
u/L !! j'Fb] ;xdtLsf] cfwf/df
c;+jw} flgs @% j'bF ] jfwf c8sfp km'sfp
cfb] z dfkm{ t jxfnjfnf k| w fg
GofofwLzsf] g]Tf[Tjdf cGtl/d r'gfjL
dGqLkl/ifb elgPklg wf/f #*-!_
jdf]lhd Joj:yfklso clwsf/ ;d]t
wf/0f u/L jg]sf] lgb{lno lvn/fh
;/sf/ /lx/x]sf] cj:yfdf ;+jw} fgLs
tyf nf]stflqs lgikIf :jtGq lgjf{rg
x'g] cj:yf 5}g . To;sf/0f cGtl/d
;+ljwfgnfO{ xltof/ jgfP/ :jfy{ l;4
tl/sfn] bf]xg ul/ wf/f !%* jfwf
c8sfp k'msfp wf/fsf] cfzosf]
ckJofVof ul/ hyfefjL tj/n] jf
;+lawfgsf :ki6 wf/fsf ljkl/t
ul/Psf] lg0f{oon] lg/+sz
' zf;gsf]
cg'el" t u/fpFb5 .
gful/stf h:tf] ;+j]bgzLn
:jfwLgtf tyf /fli6otfsf ljifodf
u/LPsf] c;+jw} fgLs lg0f{oonfO{ vf/]h
ug{ / nf]stflGqs d"No / dfGotfdf
ljlwsf] zf;gsf] kfngf ug{ u/fpgsf
nflu k|ltklIf zlQmn] e"ldsf lgjf{x
u/L/x]sf 5g . c;+jw} fgLs tyf lg/+sz
'
;/sf/n] ug{ nfu]sf] lgjf{rgdf ## blno
cfGbf]ngsf/L u7jGwg /fhgLlts

;d;fdlos
ljhog/l;+x s];L

bnx?n] jlxisf/ ug]{ lg0f{oo u/]sf


5g eg] ljb]zL zlQmn] efu lngsf nflu
bjfj lbO{/x]sf 5g . s] ;+ljwfg ;efdf
c;kmn ePsf $ bnsf] :j]R5f g} of]
b]zsf] d'n sfg'g xf] < $ bnn] h] O{R5f
ub{5g To;nfO{ k'/f ug{ ;fj{ef}d ;Qf
;DkGg hgtfnfO{ jfWotf 5 < s] jt{dfg
;/sf/n] hgcfGbf]ng dfkm{t kfPsf]
pknlAw nf]stflGqs Joj:yfnfO{ cf3ft
kfb{} u/]sf cfr/0fx? hj/hl:t dfGg
jfWo kfl/g' lg/+sz
' xf]Og{ < $ bnnfO{
;j];{ jf{ jGg] clwsf/ s;n] / s;/L
lbof] < c;+jw} fgLs lgjf{rgnfO{ cl:jsf/
ug'{ hgtfsf] clwsf/ xf]Og < eGg] h:tf
ljifo hgtfsf rf;f] sf] ljifo ePsf]
5 . jt{dfg k/Lj]zdf To;sf] lgSof]n{
x'g h?/L 5 .
;+jw} flgs lg/Gt/tf ePsf] 8f=
jfj'/fd ;/sf/n] 3f]if0ff u/]sf]
lgjf{rgnfO{ sfFu;] | Pdfn]sf] cj/f]wdf
df}g /x]sf] lyof] t/ c;+jw} fgLs tj/n]
jg]sf] lvn/fh ;/sf/nfO{ c;+jw} flgs
sfd sfjf{lx cuf8L j9fpg :jfut tyf
;dy{g u/Lg' lj8Djgf xf] . ;Da}wflgs
lgsf;sf nflu ;jf{R] r cbfntdf /x]sf]
ljrf/fwLg d'2fsf] ljifox?nfO{ d'Nofg
g} gu/L sf6{/ ;]G6/sf k|dv
' tyf
j]nfotL ljb]z dGqL 8+sgn] c;+jw} flgs
tl/sfn] ;+jw} flgstfsf] vf]hL ug{ ;lsFbg}
eGg] a'emg h?/L 5 . To;sf/0f b]zsf]

d"n sfg"g lgdf{0f ul/g] ;+ljwfg ;efsf]


lgjf{rgsf nflu bjfj x'g] cleJolQm
v]b hgs 5 .
nf]stflGqs Joj:yfdf lgjf{rg
ckl/xfo{ xf] . hgtfsf] g};lu{s clwsf/
xf] . t/ lalw tyf k|so[ f gk'ofO{ u/Lg]
lgjf{rgsf] s'g} dxTj x'bF g} . c;+jw} fgLs
tyf cnf]stflGts tj/n] x'g] ;+ljwfg
;efsf] lgjf{rgdf nf]stflGqs bnx?nfO{
bjfj ;[hgf ug]{ sfo{ nf]stflGqs d"No
/ dfGotfdf cf3ft xf] . b]z / hgtf
k|lt wf]sf xf] eGg] s'/f g]kfnsf cfd
hgtf tyf k|ltklIf bnx?nfO /fd|f] ;+u
yfxf 5 . sf]lx u'? jGg cfpg kb}g{ .
hgtfsf] k|ltlglwsf] clwsf/ x/0f
u/L rf/ bnn] clwgfosjfb z}nLdf
xf]6n tyf l/;f]6d{ f ljb]zLx? ;+u j;]/
;xdtL ug]{ gfddf a}wfgLs b'O{ jif]{
sfo{sfn /x]sf] ;+ljwfg ;efdf otL /
ptL k|ltzt sfd eof] eGb} hgtfnfO{
9fF6b} ult/f]w nDJofpFb cfkm}+ ;do ;Ldf
yKb}} rf/ jif{ ljtfP klg ljgf pknlAw
lj37g u/]sf] oyfy{ k|i6 5 .
ljutdf hgtf4f/f c:jLs[t
u/LPsf JolQmx?nfO ;Ff;bdf dgf]gLt
u/LPsf] lyof] . hgtfsf] cledt tyf
r'gfjL 3f]if0ff kq ;d]tnfO{ nTofPsf
k|dv
' /fhgLlts bn hgtfsf cledt
:jLsfg]{ rfxFbg} g eGg] k'li6 ub{5 .
eljiodf klg r'gfadf ck|Tof;Lt ?kdf

d'Vo g]tfx?sf] lj?4df kl/0ffd cfPdf


:jLsfg{] 5}gg . ljutdf ;+ljwfg jGg
g;Sg'sf sf/0fx?sf ljifodf ;fy{s jx;
gu/L gf6sLo lgjf{rgsf] gfd eh]/ $
bnsf lzif{ g]tfx? tyf /fi6kltsf]
ldn]dtf]df nf]stflGqs d"No / dfGotfdf
ljlwsf] zf;gsf] cfwf/ :tDex?nfO{ g}
etfe't' jgfpb} lgb{lno ;/sf/ jgfpg
;do vr{ u/] . of] lg/+s'z tyf
clwgfos jfbsf] k/fsfi7f xf] . ;Qf
:jfy{df pTk|/] Lt ePsf] cj:yfdf $
/fhgLlts bnn] dfq /fli6o z+s6sf]
;dfwfg ug{] ;fdYo{ /fVg ;Sb}gg\ .
Hfgtfsf] rfxgf jdf]lhd ;+lawfg
;efaf6 ;+lawfg jgfpg c;dy{ tyf
nf]stflGqs Joj:yfnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{
g;s]/ ;Qf / eQfdf /hfO{ ul//x]sf]
c;+jw} fgLs ;xdtLsf] gfddf ;Qf
nDJofpg] / hGdsf] cfwf/df g]kfnsf]
gfu/Lstf k|fKt u/]sf JolQmsf] ;GtfgnfO{
gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq lbg] ;+zf]wg ltJjtL
z/0ffyL{, e'6fgL z/0ffyL{ tyf u}/ g]kfnLnfO{
ljleGg jfxfgfaf6 gfu/Lstf k|bfg u/L
g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}d :jflwgtf tyf
cv08tfnfO{ ;dfKt ub}{ l;lSsdL s/0f
ug{ cg'df]bg u/fpg lgjf{rg ug]{ v]ndf
nfu]sf bnx?sf] lj?4 )^@)^# sf]
hgcfGbf]ngsf] efjgfnfO{ ;d]6b\ } /fi63ftL
Pj+ hg3ftL lj?4 hgtf4f/f csf]{ 7'nf]
wSsf lbg] cfGbf]ngsf] z'?jft ug{ cu|;/
x'g' kg{] ;do cfPsf] 5 .
n]vs M g]kfn /fli6o nf]stflGqs
bnsf dxf;lrj x'g .
k|ltlqmofsf] nflu
email: adhyatmayog@hotmail.com

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

d]/f] a'emfOdf j}bl] zs /f]huf/

lzIffdf ;d'bfosf] rf;f]

/fdxl/ u}x|]

;fdfGotof lzIff egf{n] dflg;df n's/] /x]sf] IfdtfnfO{ aflx/ phfu/


ub}{ qmdzM ljsl;t ub}{ n}hfg] k|lqmof eGg] a'lemG5 . lzIff k|To]s gful/ssf]
g};lu{s clwsf/ xf] . lzIffn] dflg;sf] r]tgfsf]:t/ tyf af}l4s w/ftnnfO{
km/flsnf] kfb}{ n}hfg] ePsfn] o;sf] dxTjaf/] rrf{ u/]/ ;fWo 5}g .
lzIfflagf dflg;sf] hLjg cGwsf/do 5, o;df s;}sf] b'O{dt 5}g .
t;y{ lzIffnfO{ ljsf;sf] dxTjk"0f{ k"jf{wf/sf] ?ddf lnOPsf] kfOG5 .
elgG5, nf6f]sf];/] f]n] /fltdf dfq b]Vg;S5, To:t} sfun] lbp";f]dfq b]Vg;S5
t/ lzIff xfl;n gu/]sf] dflg; /ftlbg hlxn];'s} b[li6ljxLgh:t} x'G5
lsgls lzIff kl/jt{gsf] ;Djfxs xf] . o;n] dflg;sf] r]tgfsf] ljsf;
ub{5 h;sf] kmn:j?k p;sf] af}l4s:t/ dfly p7\g hfG5, h;af6
p;sf] ;f]Rg] t/Lsf, tfls{s Ifdtf, kl/jt{gsf] rfxgf, d]nldnfk / cfk;L
efOrf/f, lzi6tf tyf ;dfh, /fi6 tyf a|Xdf08k|ltsf] p;sf] ;f]rdf
Jofks kl/jt{g cfO{ ;du|?kdf JolStTj ljsf;df ;d]t ;sf/fTds
kl/jt{g cfp"5 . lzlIft dflg; hlxn];'s} gof" gof" vf]h cg';Gwfg,
Jojxfl/s k|of]udf tlNng /xg'sf ;fy} p;sf] s'g} klg ljifoj:t'dfly
ljZn]if0f ug{ t/Lsf k[ys, Jofks / j}1flgs x'G5 t;y{ ;lhn} gof"gof"
k|ljlwsf] ljsf; ub}{ dfgjLo hLjgofkgnfO{ ;/n / ;xh?kdf cufl8
a9fpg] ljljw j:t' tyf ;]jf pknAw u/fp"b} dfgjLo hLjgz}nLnfO{ ;'ud
t'Nofpg ;Ifd /xG5 . o;/L lzIffsf] dfWodaf6 JolStJolStsf] ljsf;
x'"b} qmdzM ;dfh, /fi6 / ljZjs} ljsf;df 6]jf k'Ug hfG5 .
lzIff dflg;sf] t];|f] cf"vf xf] eGb}df ;a} k|sf/sf] lzIff k|0ffnL
Gofof]lrt / k|efjsf/L gx'g klg ;S5 lsgls lzIff kl/jt{gsf] ;Djfxs
xf] . o;y{ lzIffn] dflg;nfO{ p;sf] lrGtgzlSt tyf r]tgf:t/df Jofkstf
k|bfg ub}{ ;dfh / /fi6sf nflu s'g} g s'g} ?kdf of]ubfg lbg;Sg]
j}1flgs / Jojxfl/s lzIffnfO{ dfq k|efjsf/L lzIffsf] ?kdf :jLsfg{
;lsG5 . xfn g]kfndf b'Ov
{ fn] lzIff k|0ffnL ljBdfg 5 . tL x'g\ /fHo:t/af6
k|bfg ul/g] ;/sf/L lzIff / lghL If]qf/f k|bfg ul/g] lzIff . g]kfndf b'O{
k|sf/sf] lzIff k|0ffnL ljBdfg /x] klg b'a} If]qn] j}1flgs / Jojxfl/s
lzIff k|bfg ug{ g;ls/x]sf] cj:yf 5 . kmn:j?k g]kfnsf s]xL k|fljlws
lzIff k|bfg ug{ ljBfnoafx]s c? ;a} ljBfno a]/f]huf/ pTkfbg ug{
sf/vfgfdfq ag]sf 5g\ . jf:tjdf clxn]sf] ;d'bfosf] dfu eg]sf] j}1flgs
/ Jojxfl/s lzIff xf] . cfk"mn] l;s]sf] s'/f olb :jo+ ljBfyL{n] Jojxfl/s
b'lgof"df k|of]u ug{;Sb}g eg] To:tf] k/LIffd'vL / 3f]sGt] lzIffsf] clxn]sf]
;dodf s'g} sfd 5}g lsgls cfk"mn] l;s]sf] s'/f Jojxfl/s?kdf k|of]u
ug{kfO"b}g eg] To:tf] lzIff cfh{g ug{ gug{sf] s'g} cy{ /x"b}g . clxn]sf]
o'u jf:tljstfsf] o'u xf] . oxf" s;}nfO{ sfNklgs ;+;f/df x/fpg] km';{b
5}g, ;a} Jojxfl/s / k|of]ufTds cEof;df /Dg rfxG5g\ t/ o;sf nflu
xfd|f] b]zsf] lzIff k|0ffnL jfws ag]sf] 5 . Psflt/ ;/sf/n] ;:tf] /
;/n?kdf lzIff k|bfg ug{k' 5{ eGg] dfGotfcg'?k /fHon] ;/sf/L ljBfnox?
:yfkgf t u/]sf] 5 t/ Toxf"af6 k|bfg ul/g] lzIff cJojxfl/s, cJojl:yt
/ clgoldt 5 . ;/sf/L ljBfnodf sfo{/t lzIfsx? s]jn ;do sf6\g]
d];f]sf] ?kdf ljBfnonfO{ k|of]u ul//x]sf 5g\ . ;/sf/L ljBfnodf
cWoog/t caf]w slnnf afnaflnsf ljBfno uP/ s]jn w'nf] v]nfP/ 3/
kmls{g'kg]{ l:ylt 5 eg] afa'cfdfsf] klg 5f]/f5f]/Lk|lt vf;} rf;f] gx'"bf
o:tf caf]w s}of}+ afnaflnsfx?sf] eljio cGwsf/do 5 . o;tkm{ s;}sf]
rf;f] 5}g . ;/sf/df a:g]x? s]jn tYof+sdf lzIffsf] kx'"r ;a}lt/
km}lnPsf] s'/f aflx/ NofP/ j}b]lzs ;xof]u s'DNofpg] s'/fdf dfq tNnLg
5g\ . t/, o;n] b]z / hgtfsf] eljiodfly kfg{ hl6n c;/af/] ;f]Rg
rfx"bg} g\ . /fHo lzIff, :jf:Yo, oftfoft, ;~rf/h:tf] hgtfsf] cfwf/e"t
cfjZostfsf] If]qk|ltsf] cfgf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 klG5b}, o;sf] lhDdf lghL
If]qnfO{ ;'Dkg yfn]sf] 5 . h;af6 clws nfe lghL If]qaf6 ;~rflnt
af]l8{ :s"nn] lnO/fv]sf 5g\ . clnslt wg bf}nt / ;dfhdf 6f7faf7f
tyf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] lzIfflbIffdf nufgL ug{rfx]sf ;dfhsf cln k|ltli7t /
k};fsf] /f}gs ePsf cleefjsx?nfO{ u'0f:t/sf] k|nf]egdf kf/L gfkmfsf]
Jofkf/df tNnLg /x]sf lghL ljBfnox? o; sfo{df ;n+Ug 5g\ . pgLx? klg
s]jn cfk"mn] rfx]cg'?ksf] xts08f ckgfP/ h;/L klg k/LIffdf cfgf]
ljBfnoaf6 ;a}eGbf pTs[i6 c+s xfl;n u/L To;}nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ ;s]hlt
ljBfyL{ cfgf] ljBfnodf l5/fP/ d'gfkmf cfh{g ug{ clek|fon] lzIffh:tf]
kljq If]qdf gfkmfsf] Jofkf/ ug{ nflu/fv]sf] l:ylt 5 .
lzIff If]qsf] o:tf] ljs/fn / sxfnLnfUbf] kl/l:yltdf cleefjs /
ljBfyL{x?n] o;sf] ljsNk vf]Hg' :jfefljs g} xf] . t;y{ j}1flgs / Jojxfl/s
lzIffk|0ffnL o;sf] pQd ljsNk /x]sf] s'/fdf b'Od{ t 5}g . h;/L Jofkf/Lx?sf]
r/d cfly{s zf]if0faf6 d'St x'gsf nflu l;w} pTkfbsaf6 j:t' tyf ;]jf
v/Lb u/]/ ;b:ox?aLr k|ToIf?kdf ljt/0f u/L ;;fgf] k"h
" L ;+sng u/]/
;b:ox?aLr sf/f]jf/ u/L cfTdlge{/ aGg] clek|fon] ;xsf/Lsf] ljsf; ePsf]
lyof], To;/L g} ;xsf/Lsf] dfWodaf6 cfgf ;b:ox?nfO{ u'0f:t/Lo / j}1flgs
lzIff k|bfg ug{;lsG5 ls eGg] clek|fon] xfn k|rlnt lzIff k|0ffnLsf] ljsNksf]
?kdf ;xsf/Lsf] dfWodaf6 lzIff If]qdf sfd ug{ cfd cleefjssf] rf;f]
a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . /fHo lzIff, :jf:Yoh:tf hgtfk|ltsf] cfwf/e"t lhDd]af/Laf6
klG5g rflx/x]sf] 5 h;n] ubf{ o; sfo{sf nflu dxTjk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L ;xsf/L
;+:yfx?n] lng'kg]{ cfjZostf v8\ls/fv]sf] 5 . ;xsf/Ln] lzIff If]qdf nufgL
ubf{ cleefjsx?n] Psflt/ lghL ljBfnodfh:tf] rsf]{ dx;'n ltg{k' b}g{ eg]
csf]l{ t/ ljBfyL{x?n] klg ;/sf/L ljBfnon] k|bfg ug{ lzIffeGbf u'0f:t/Lo
lzIff xfl;n ug{ /fd|f] cj;/ kfpg ;S5g\ . t/, ;xsf/L ljBfnonfO{ of]
r'gf}tL 5 ls pgLx?n] s'g} klg xfntdf j}1flgs / Jojxfl/s lzIff k|bfg
ug{k' g]{ afWotf /xG5 . of] sfo{ ;xsfl/tfsf] dfWodaf6 ;Dej 5 . cfhsf]
j}1flgs / Jojxfl/s o'udf ;xsf/Ln] cfgf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o:tf] lzIff k|bfg
ug{;Sg'k5{ ls cfgf] ljBfnodf cWoog u/]sf ;Dk"0f{ ljBfyL{ ;+;f/sf] h'g;'s}
s'gfdf uP klg a]/f]huf/ x'g gk/f];,\ ljBfnodf uP/ k9]sf ;Dk"0f{s/' fx?
cfjZos k/]sf] a]nf hlxn];s
' } Jojxf/df ptfg{ ;kmn xf];\ . oxL s'/fnfO{
dWogh/ ub}{ s]xL ljBfnox? ;xsf/Lsf] dfWodaf6 ljBfno ;~rfng ug{]
tof/Ldf h'6s
] f 5g\ . h'g sfo{nfO{ o; If]qdf /x]sf a'l4hLjL, ;dfh;]jL,
cleefjs / ljBfyL{n] Pp6f gjLg / ;/fxgLo sfo{sf] ?kdf lnPsf 5g\ . olb
b]zJofkL?kdf o:t} ;xsf/Lsf] dfWodaf6 lzIff If]qnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg ;s]df
lzIff If]q j}1flgs Jojl:yt / pknlAwd"ns x'gs
' f ;fy} lzIff If]qdf b|t' t/
ultdf ljsf; eO{ a]/f]uf/Lsf] ;d:of x6]/ b]z g} cfTdlge{/ x'g] lyof] .

ljZjJofkLs/0fsf] jt{ d fg
cj:yfdf dflg;x? Ps d'nsjf6
csf]{ d'n'sdf /f]huf/Lsf nflu hfg]
k|s[of gf}nf] / cfZro{ xf]Og . xfd|f
b]zsf] gLlt lgdf{0f / ljsf;sf]
k|s[ofnfO{ x]bf{ xfn a9\bf] a]/f]huf/
hgzlSt b}lgs 7"nf] ;+Vofdf ljb]lzg]
qmd b|"tQ/ ultdf 5 . afWotfjz
ljb]lzg] of] zlStn] ljk|i] f0faf6 b]zsf]
cy{tGqsf] 7"nf] lx:;f cf]u6]sf] s'/f
ljlbt} 5 . g]kfnLx? >dsf nflu
bf];f| ] tyf t];f| ] d'ns
' df hfg] sfo{jGb
ul/g' kb{5 . g]kfnsf] >d / ;|ft] nfO{
:jb]zdf pkof]o ul/g'kb{5 eGg] gf/f
/fhg} l ts j[ Q df b} l gs p/fNg]
ul/G5 . xf], o;/L x]bf{ oyfy{tf xfd|}
>d / zlStnfO{ :jb]zdf pkof]u
ug{ kfP b]zsf] ljsf;sf nflu ;'gf}nf]
cj;/ x'g] ljifodf jf b]z ljsl;t
jGg] k|so[ fdf b'Od
{ t x'g ;Sb}gYof]
t/ af]Ng hlt ;xhsf ;fy ;lsG5
To;sf] Jojxfl/s ?kfGt/0fnfO{ x]g{]
xf] eg] sl7g x'G5 . Psflt/ :jb]zsf]
;Lldt ;fwg / ;|f]t tyf c;Lldt
cfjZostfaLrsf] cGt/sf] pkh
j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] cfjZostfsf]
k|d'v sf/s klg xf] . /fHosf] gLlt
lgod / lgdf0f{ txdf j:g] r]tgzLn
cGwfx?sf] sf/0f cfh j]b]lzs
/f]huf/ plrt Joj:yfkgsf] cefjdf
3/ g 3f6sf] ePsf] 5 . j}b]lzs
/f]huf/;Fu k|ToIf ;+nUg s]xL ;Lldt
JolQmx?sf nflu j}b]lzs /f]huf/
lrf k/] em}F aGof] xf]nf t/ cfd?kdf
pgLx?sf] JolStut :jfy{sf sf/0f
/f]huf/df hfg] JolStx?sf nflu
si6s/ jg]sf] k|df0f k|z:t dfqfdf
/fHo;Fu clen]vsf] ?kdf bh{ ePsf]
5 . ljZj ahf/df g] k fnLx?
>ldsx?sf] >dsf] d"No cToGt
;dfGo /xG5, o;sf k5fl8 /fHosf]
lg/Lxkgf, :ki6gLlt, s'tg}lts kx'r
F
/ ljifoj:t'sf] ;fdfGo 1fg;d]t
gePsf JolStx?af6 of] /f]huf/ gLlt
kl/rfng x'g' g} k|dv
' sf/0fx? /x]sf]
ljleGg cWoogx?n] b]vfPsf] 5 .

Pp6} k|s[ltsf] sfd ubf{ g]kfnL /


cGo b]zsf sfdbf/x?df tnadfgsf]
7"nf] km/s x'g,' ljleGg ;'ljwfx?af6
al~rt x'g', x]lkg', 3f]/ ckdfgsf]
lzsf/ x'g'df /fHosf] nfrfl/kgf g}
xf] . a}b]lzs /f]huf/ cfk"lt{ ubf{
of]Uotf / Ifdtf / ljifoj:t'sf] 1fg
gePsf sfdbf/x?nfO{ vfln k};fsf]
lj6f] dfq ;Dem]/ hah{:tL g]kfnaf6
ws]Ngfn] ljb]zdf cfOkg{] ljleGg
;d:ofx?df :jod\ sfdbf/ /
cfk" l t{ s tf{ lhDd] j f/ /xG5g\ .
cfk"lt{stf{nfO{ of] ljifosf] 1fg x'g'
cfjZos 5 eg] /f]huf/df hfg rfxg]
sfdbf/n] ;DalGwt sfd / To;sf]
hfgsf/L ;fy} cg'ej ePdf dfq
k|s[of yfNg] xf] eg] xfd|f] j}b]lzs
/f]huf/sf] :jflwgtfdf s'g} lu/fj6
cfpFb}g . g]kfnLx?sf] l;wf ;DaGw
g]kfnsf] /fli6otf;Fu hf]l8Psf] x'G5 .
xfdL g]kfnL gful/s ePsf] sf/0f
xfd|f] IfdtfnfO{ /fli6o klxrfg;Fu
dfkg ul/g] x'gfn] /fHo o; ljifodf
uDeL/ x'g' cGoGt cfjZos 5 .
g]kfnsf] em08} cfwf ztfAbLsf]
nfdf] j} b } l zs /f] h uf/ ofqf /
To;jf6 l;f] b]zn] cfh{g u/]sf]
ljk|i] f0fjf6 cfh xfdLn] ;xh} cg'dfg
nufpg ;lsG5 ;/sf/sf] lkmtnf]
gLltjf6 cf/De ePsf] g]kfnsf]
j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf] ofqf cfh;Dd
cfOk'Ubf;Dd xfdL hxfFsf] ToxL g}
plePsf 5f}F . vf8Lsf ljleGg b]z,
dn]l;ofdf g]kfnL sfdbf/x?sf] 7"nf]
dfu 5 / ;f]xLcg';f/ g]kfnLx?
sfo{ / t 5g\ . csf] { t km{ g] k fnL
sfdbf/x?sf] oL b]zsf] ljsf;
lgdf{0fdf Tolt g} dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg
/x]sf] 5 . /fHosf] lg/Lxtfn] >dsf]
7"nf] cjd"Nog ltg} b]zx?af6 ePsf
5g\ . o; s'/fdf /fHosf] Wofg k'us
] f]
b]lvFb}g . /fHosf] jfu8f]/ ;DxfNg]
hgk|ltlglwx?, d'vf}/f] b'vf];f] kf]Vg
vlKk; ;/sf/ / b'v];f] la;fpg

cft' / g] kfnLx? /fHosf] t km{a f6


ljb]z e|d0fdf lg:sg] hf];'s}nfO{
cfh ljb]zdf ePsf] g]kfnLx?sf]
tLtf] oyfyt s]jn pgLx?sf nflu
Pp6f /fhg}lts d}bfg dfq ePsf]
5 . k|To]s e|d0f, uf]i7L / ;]ldgf/df
df}lvs pbf/tf k|s6 x'G5g\ t/
kl/0ffd lxhf] h] lyof] cfh klg ToxL
g} /x]sf] 5 . xfd|f;fd' j}b]lzs
/f]huf/ r'gf}tL / cj;/sf] jLrsf]
af6f]af6 cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5 . b]z
leqsf] ljBdfg a]/f]huf/sf] ;xh
pkfo j}b]lzs /f]huf/ g} xf] . cj
/fHon] :jb]zdf /f]huf/sf] cj;/
k|bfg ul/g'kb{5 eGg' efjfgfTds
cfbz{ aGg ;Sb5 . clxn] s f]
cj:yfdf j}bl] zs /f]huf/ xfd|f nflu
ckl/xfo{ eO;s]sf] 5 To;sf nflu
/fHon] j}bl] zs /f]huf/Lsf nflu :ki6
/ 7f]; gLlt agfpg' h?/L 5 . To;sf
nflu cg' e j k| f Kt lj1x?sf]
;xfotfn] bL3{dflng gLlt agfpg' /
>lds lgof{t b]z / /f]huf/ cfot
ug]{ b]zaLr s'6gLlts tj/af6
o;sf] kxnsbdL x'g h?/L eO;s]sf]
5 . cfhsf] ;Gbe{df vf8L tyf
dn]l;ofsf b]zjf6 To; b]zdf /x]sf
g]kfnL lgof]ux?jf6 7f8f] lgod
jgfpg] / /fHo;Fu To;sf] hfgsf/L
k7fpg] h'g k|lqmofsf] ljsf; ePsf]
5 . Tof] cfkm}d
F f Jojxfl/s b]lvFbg} .
x'gtM g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] tnjdfg
a9\g' cfkm}d
F f :jfut of]Uo sbd x'g
t/ klg To:tf bL3{sfnLg of]hgfx?sf]
sfof{Gjogdf ;/sf/sf] cWoog,
cg';Gwfg / b'O{ b]zaLrsf] s'6gLlts
dof{bfsf] klg Vofn ul/g'kb{5 .
xfdLn] xfd|f] >d Joj:yfkgnfO{
pRr:t/sf] txjf6 cufl8
j9fpg' e Gbf klg lgDg:t/sf]
sfdbf/sf] nflu dfq nlIft ul/Fbf
ljZj >d ahf/df g]kfnL sfdbf/
cbIf dfq x'G5g\ eGg] unt ;Gb]z
hfg] u/]sf] kfOG5 . g]kfnL >ldssf]

bIftf dfly s]lGb|t /x]/ sd;]sd


bIf sfdbf/nfO{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/df
;xefuL agfpg /fHon] ;s]sf] eP
cfh g]kfnLx?sf] of] b'ef{Uo x'g]
lyPg . cj /fHon] cbIf sfdbf/sf]
xsdf :ki6 gLlt jgfpg' h?/L 5 .
Tolt dfq xf]Og cbIf sfdsf nflu
j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/df hfg] x ?sf]
;+VofnfO{ s6f}tL ub}{ bIf sdfbf/sf]
xsdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf nflu
cg'dltsf] Joj:yf /fHon] cljnDa
sfo{ G jog ug{ ' k g] { b] l vG5 .
pbfx/0fsf] nflu vfl8 d'ns
' df cfpg]
cbIf sfdbf/sf] xsdf cToGt} s7f]/
sfd u/]jfkt p;n] sdfpg] ;/b/
dfl;s cfDbfgL g]kfnL ?k}ofF bz
xhf/ x'g] u/]sf] tYo kfOG5 t/
To;sf] cnfjf Tolts} s7f]/ sfd
u/]jfkt p:fn] :jb]zdf kl/jf/sf]
;fydf /x]/ ;f]eGbf dflysf] cfo
u/]sf] k|z:t k|df0fx? 5g\ . To;sf
nflu /fHon] >dsf] ;Ddfgsf]
jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{'kg]{ b]lvG5 .
j}bl] zs /f]uuf/sf ;DaGwdf j}bz
] df
:yflkt ljleGg >lds ;+u7g / cGo
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hari22_sharma@yahoo.com

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sf7df8f}F . b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf
lgb]z
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;]jf u'0f:t/ cWoogsf nflu :jrflnt
d]l;g -c6f]d6] 8] 8fOe 6]:6_ Nofpg]
tof/L ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . d]l;g
cfPkl5 b"/;~rf/ sDkgLn] lbg] ;]jfsf]
u'0f:t/ ;'wf/sf] sfd cl3 a9fpg
;lhnf] x'g5] . xfd|f] cfjZostf cg';f/
s:tf] d]l;g rflxg] xf] 6'f] nflu;s]sf]
5, b"/;~rf/ k|flws/0fsf lgb{z
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cfgGb/fh vgfnn] eg], l5} 6]G8/
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hfFr ug{ Nofpg nfluPsf] :jrflnt
d]l;gaf6 h'g;'s} :yfgdf cWoog ug{
;lsg]5 . k|flws/0fn] b"/;~rf/
sDkgLaf6 u|fxsn] kfpg'kg]{ Go"gtd
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ug{ ;lhnf] lyPg . d]l;g lelqPkl5
k|flws/0f cfkm}nF ] rfx]sf] :yfg / ;dodf
k/LIf0f ug{;Sg]5 . d]l;g cfpg'cl3
klg k|flws/0fn] !! lhNnfsf tLg ;]jf

k|bfossf] u'0f:t/ cWoog ug{] tof/L


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vf]ln;s]sf] 5 . ;]jfsf] sfo{I{ fdtf /
u|fxssf] dt ;j{I] f0f cWoog ug{ OR5's
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cWoogdf sf7df8f},F ag]kf, jL/uGh,
wgu9L, a'6jn / e}/xjfnufotsf If]q
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k|flws/0fn] sf7df8f}F;lxt kf]v/f,
lj/f6gu/ / g]kfnuGhdf ;]jfsf] u'0f:t/
x]/s
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sbdaf/] ;'emfj lbg nfu]sf] 5 . ;]jf
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h;nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ df]afOnaf6 s'/f
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k|fjwfg /flvPsf] 5 . h;cg';f/ ()
k|ltzteGbf a9L u|fxs ;]jf k|bfosaf6
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sd x'gk' g],{ () k|ltzteGbf a9L sn
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k|flws/0fsf] lgb]{zg a9]kl5 ;]jf
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k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vof hg;+Vofsf] ^%
k|ltzt a9L k'lu;s]sf] 5 . df]afOn
;]jf k|bfos sDkgLsf] k|lt:kwf{sf sf/0f
a9]sf] pkef]tf{ ;+Vofn] s'n b"/;~rf/
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sf7df8f}F . k|x/Ln] gSsnL gDa/
Kn]6 /fvL uf8L rnfpg] tLg hgfnfO{
kqmfp u/L sf/jfxLsf nflu eG;f/
sfof{no a'emfPsf] 5 . Pp6} gDa/
6fF;/] sf7df8f}F pkTosfd} b'Oj{ 6f uf8Lx?
u'l8/x]sf 5g\ eGg] ;"rgfsf] cfwf/df
dxfgu/Lo k|x/L kl/;/ sf7df8fFa} f6
vl6Psf] 6f]nLn] gSsnL gDa/ Kn]6
c+lst uf8L / To;sf] wgLx?nfO{ kqmfp
u/]sf] xf] . a/fdb u/]sf] uf8L d+xuf]
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sf/df e]l6Psf] btf{ lstfadf pSt sf/


af}4gfy xfplh 8]enk;{ k|f=ln=sf] gfddf
btf{ ePsf] b]lvG5 . t/, pSt ljj/0f
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oftfoft sfof{nodf ljj/0f km/s kg{
uPsf]n] pSt sf/ rf]/Ls} ePsf] cf+zsfdf
k|x/Ln] /fdz/0f sfsL{, s]zj k'8f;}lg /
lbj; eGg] Zofdgf/fo0f >]i7nfO{ kqmfp
u/]sf] 5 . kqmfp ul/sf cleo'Stx? /
sf/nfO{ k|x/Ln] cfjZos sfg'gL
sf/jfxLsf] nflu eG;f/ sfof{no uf}r/0f
sf7df8f}dF f a'emfPsf] 5 .

lrGtfdl0f /]UdL

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k|:t't x/kmsf] ax'rlr{t zLif{s


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@)@* ;fnsf] emfkf ljb|f]x, @)#^
;fnsf] k~rfot lj4sf] k|ltjfb
jf @)$^ ;fnsf] hgcfGbf]ngeGbf
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rlr{t dw]z cfGbf]ngnufotsf
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cfh g]kfndf nf]stGq :yfkgf ePsf]
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nf]stGqsf] pkxf; / abgfd dfq
x}g, sn+lst kfg]{ / /fhgLlts
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ubf{ ljlwsf] zf;geGbf k[ys kdf
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lyof] tTsfnLg cfGbf]ngsf] efjgf <
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ljutsf pknAwLnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{
cu|;/ x'g'kg]{ b]lvG5 .
dw]z bk0f{af6

;fd;' Uofn]S;L P;kmf]/ ahf/df z/L/ Pp6} t/ cg'xf/ b'O{

sf7df8f} F . ;fd;sf] gofF


:df6{kmf]g Uofn]S;L P;kmf]/ cfufdL
cfhaf6 g]kfnL ahf/df ;fj{hlgs
x'g] ePsf] 5 . ;fd;sf] cflwsfl/s
laqm]tf OG6/g];gn dfs]l{ 6 ;le{;h
]
-cfOPdP;_ / lghL b"/;~rf/ sDkgL
Pg;]nnsf] ;xsfo{df elh{g df]afOnn]
P;kmf]/sf] a'ls lnO/x]sf] 5 . elh{g
df]afOnsf k|aGw lgb]z
{ s ljj]s zdf{n]
a'ls ug{] qmd hf/L /x]sf] atfP .
cfOPdP;sf cWoIf bLks dnxf]qfn]
P;kmf]/ ;fj{hlgs ug{] hfgsf/L lbP .
To;sf nflu elh{g df]afOnaf6 a'ls
;'? ul/Psf] pgn] atfP . Uofn]S;L
P;kmf]/ cfoftsf nflu k|tLtkq
vf]ln;s]sf] dnxf]qfn] Ps dlxgfcl3
g} atfPsf lyP . pgn] clk|n clGtd
;ftf g]kfndf gofF :df6{kmf]g lelqg]
hfgsf/L lbPsf eP klg Ps ;ftf
nlDaPsf] xf] . ;fd;n] xfn} ljZj
ahf/df laqmL ;'? u/]sf] P;kmf]/
:df6{kmf]gdf % OGrsf] Pdf]ln8
6rl:qmg 5 . o;sf] l/hf]n;
' g !)*)
kL 5 . Uofn]S;L P;ly|sf] $=*
OGreGbf s]xL 7"nf] l:qmg o;df 5 .
u'unsf] PG8fO] 8 ck/]l6 l;:6dsf]
$=@=$ h]lnlag ck/]l6 l;:6d
o;df k| o f] u ePsf] 5 . gofF
:df6{kmf]gdf PlShgf]; kmfOe cf]f
%$!) lrk;]6;lxtsf] !=^ luufxh{sf]
cf]f sf]/ jf !=( luuxh{sf] :jf8
sf]/ k|f;
] ;
] / k|of]u ePsf] 5 . o;df
kfj/ lecf/ P;lhPS; %$$ Pdlkly|
u|flkmS; k|f;
] l] ; o'lg6sf] ;'ljwf 5 .
b'O{ luufafO6 ofd /x]sf] Uofn]S;L
P;kmf]/sf !^, #@ / ^$ luufafO6
cfGtl/s d]df]/L /x]sf df]8n
] 5g\ .
o;df ^$ luufafO6;Ddsf] d]df]/L

lj:tf/ ug{ ;lsG5 . o;df !#


d]uflkS;]nsf] c6f] kmf]s; Sofd]/f 5 .
cufl8kl eg] @ d]uflkS;]nsf] Sofd]/f
5 . o;df 8'cn ;6, Pr8L lel8of]
/ tl:a/ /]sl8{, lhof]oflu, 6r
kmf]s;, km]; / :dfOn l86]S;gnufot
ljz] i ftf 5g\ . @ xhf/ ^ ;o
PdPPrsf] Aof6L /x]sf] of] kmf]gdf cfO{
6ofls, h]:r/ of{kflalnl6h, P;
x]Ny, P; EjfO; 8fOe/nufot yk
ljz]iftf 5g\ . sDkgLn] :df6{:6] /
:df6{kh nufot gofF ;'ljwf o;df
yk]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . o; lsl;dsf
;'ljwfsf sf/0f pkef]:F Stfn]] o;df
lel8of] x] l //x] s f a] n f cfF v fsf]
ultcg';f/ df]afOnn] k|ltlqmof
hgfpF5 . k|of]ustf{n] l:qmgaf6 cfFvf
cGoq 3'dfP rln/x]sf] lel8of] /f]lsG5
eg] km]l/ l:qmgdf x]/] lel8of] rNg
yfN5 . of] ;'ljwf k|of]u u/]/ :qmf]n
tndfly ;fg{ klg ;lsG5 . P; x]Nyn]
ljleGg :jf:Yo;DaGwL ultljlw / P;
EjfO;n] ;jf/Ldf kmf]g ug{ ;xfotf
ug{] 5g\ . ljleGgvfn] PlKns];gsf
dfWodaf6 pkef]Stfn] ljz]if ;'ljwf
lng ;Sg]5g\ . of] :df6{kmf]gdf jfOkmfO{,
An'6y' , lhlkP;, sn Ans df]8, lSjs
/]:kf]G;nufot ;'ljwf klg 5g\ . o;}
u/L P; 6fG;n]6/sf] ;'ljwf klg /x]sf]
5 . elh{gsf k|aGw lgb]z
{ s zdf{sf
cg';f/ g]kfnL ahf/df ;fd; Uofn]S;L
P;kmf]/sf] d"No &! xhf/ ( ;o ?k}ofF
kg{5
] . g]kfndf !^ lhaL Ifdtfsf] dfq
df]afOn cfpg] 5 . o;df Pg;]nn]
Ps jif{sf] ladf / tLg dlxgfsf nflu
Ps lhaL 8f6f lgMz'Ns lbg]5 . elh{g
df]afOnn] eg] a'ls u/]sfnfO{ kmf]g
se/ l;Q}df lbg]5 .

sf7df8f}F . PAaL / la|6gL x]G;n


h'Dxfnf x'g\ . pgLx?sf] z/L/ Pp6} 5
t/, cg'xf/ b'O{ . pgLx? Ps;fy
sfddf hfG5g\ . ;fyLefO;Fu /dfOnf]
u5{g,\ elnan v]N5g\, 8fOle klg
u5{ . Ps z/L/df b'O{ cg'xf/sf] hLjg
slt ;lhnf] jf sl7g xf]nf < #@ jifL{of
PDaL / la|6gL cd]l/sfsf] ldg];f]6fdf
a:5g\ . b'a} k|fOd/L :s'ndf lzlIfsf
l5g\ . pgLx?;Fu k9fpg b'O{ nfO;]G;
klg 5 . t/, tna Pssf] dfq

kfpF5g\ . PAaL elG5g\ xfdL;Fu b'O{


l8u|L 5 . lsgls xfd|f] b[li6sf]0f cnu
cnu 5g\ . k9fpg] tl/sf klg
Pscsf{df km/s 5 . cfk"mx?n] Ps
JolSteGbf a9L sfd ug]{ PAaL
atfpFl5g\ . PAaL / la|6gL sIfdf x'bF f
pgLx?dWo] Psn] ljBfyL{nfO{ k9fpF5g\
eg] csf{n] k|Zgx?sf] hjfkm lbg] jf
aRrfx?dfly lgu/fgL ug{5g\ . hLjgsf]
x/]s kn ;Fu;Fu} latfpg] pgLx?sf]
z/Ll/s agf]6 cgf}7f] 5 . pgLx?sf]
kmf]S;f], d'6' / k]6 b'O{ 5 t/, k|hgg
c+u / sn]hf] Pp6} 5 . PAaL / la|6gLn]
afNosfnb]lv g} z/L/ hf]l8Psf sf/0f
Pscsf{sf] ultljlwdf tfnd]n ldnfpg
l;s] . h:tf] ls PAaL bfofF xft lgoGq0f
ul5{g\ eg] la|6gL afofF . pgLx?sf]
prfOdf klg cGt/ 5 . PSaL % km'6 @
OGrsL l5g\ eg] la|6gLsf] nDafO{ $
km'6 !) OGr 5, h;sf sf/0f la|6gL
;Gt'ng sfod /fVg v'fsf] k~hfn]
6]lS5g\ . o:tf] ;Gt'ng pgLx?n]
vfgkfgb]lv ;dflhs hLjg / sk8fdf
;d]t ldnfpg' k5{ . PAaL elG5g\ xfd|f]
Psbd} cnu 5f}+ . d d:t / /dfOnf]
ug{ ?rfpF5' eg] la|6gL ;Gt'lnt / uDeL/
:jefjsL l5g\ . s'g sk8f nufpg]
eGg]df PAaLn] ;w}F lhTg] la|6gLn] atfOg\ .
PAaL 3/d} a:g ?rfpFl5g\ eg] la|6gLnfO{
aflx/ 3'Dg dg nfU5 . la|6gLnfO{ pUnf]
7fpFdf hfg 8/ nfU5 eg] PAaLnfO{ To:tf]
7fpFdf hfg ?rfpFl5g\ . ul0ft / lj1fg
cWoog PAaLsf] ?rLsf] ljifo xf] eg]
la|6gLsf] ?rL snfdf 5 .

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

ko{6g ljz]if
;u/dfyfdf ko{6s a9\b}
sf7df8f}F . uf]/S;]ksf kf;fsfhL z]kf{sf] lbgrof{ lbge/ ko{6snfO{
xf]6nsf] d]g' 8'nfpFb} / vfhf agfpFb} l7Ss x'G5 . ck/fXg rf/ ah]eGbf
k5fl8 uf]/S;]k k'us
] f g]kfnLnfO{ t s] ljb]zL ko{6snfO{ ;d]t af;sf] Joj:yf
ldnfpg xDd]xDd] kb{5 . ;u/dfyfsf] cfwf/ lzlj/ glhs} /x]sf] v'Da' If]qsf]
clGtd dfgj a:tL ePsfn] klg uf]/S;]kdf a:g]afx]s cGo ljsNk 5}g .
uf]/S;]kdf ePsf xf]6n hxfF klg vrfvr ko{6sn] el/Psf] x'G5, xf]6nsf]
8fOlg ?dsf] t s'/} gu/f}F . h'g} xf]6nsf 8fOlg ?ddf a:g t s] 6]Sg];d]t
7fpF kfOFbg} . ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf of] jif{ ;u/dfyf x]g}{ nflu cfpg] ko{6ssf]
;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf] :yfgLo xf]6n Joj;foL atfpF5g\ . v}/x] ? d olQ k6s
sfnfkTy/ / ;u/dfyfsf] cfwf/ lzlj/ k'uF] eg]/ gfd /fVg / c? v}/e] Gbf w]/}
k6s oxfF cfPsf] k|dfl0ft ug{ klg cfpg] u/]sf 5g\, :yfgLo xf]6n Joj;foL
nfSkflbsL z]kf{n] eg] . hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf] c;/n] lxdfno If]qnfO{ ufFlh/x]sf]
a]nf ljZjsf] clwsf+z b]zsf gful/s ;u/dfyf x]g'{ / lxdfno If]qsf] jftfj/0f
cWoog ug{ cfpg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vof klg j[l4 x'bF } uPsf] :yfgLo a'l4hLjL kfg'?
z]kf{n] atfP . z]kf{sf cg';f/ ljZjsf] Wofg tfGg tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL dfwjs'df/
g]kfn g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/n] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] a}7s g} a;fn]kl5 ljb]zL ko{6s ToxL
a}7s a;]sf] 7fpF x]gs
{ } nflu eP klg oxfF cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . lhNnfsf]
ko{6sLo :yn eg]/ lrlgg] v'Da' If]qsf] jftfj/0fdf dfq xf]Og ToxfFsf :yfgLo
afl;Gbfsf] lbgrof{df klg lbgk|ltlbg al9/x]sf] tfkqmdn] c;/ kfl//x]sf]
pgL atfpF5g\ . emg} cfsif{0fsf] s]Gb| eg]sf] t ljZjsf] ;jf]R{ r lzv/ ;u/dfyfdf
lxpF gx'g' xf] . h'g} ;do / df};ddf x]/] klg ;u/dfyfsf] lzv/df lxpF x'bF g} ,
dfq sfnf] rfg dfq b]lvG5 . To;}n] ubf{ klg clxn] cfP/ ko{6ssf] ;+Vofdf
j[l4 ePsf] 5 . ljut kfFr jif{bl] v ;u/dfyfdf lxpF klUnFb} uO{ sfnf] rfg
b]lvFb} uPsf] @% jif{bl] v ;u/dfyfsf] cfwf/ lzlj/ jl/kl/ 8'ln/x]sf] kf;fg'?
z]kf{n] atfP . plxn] @% jif{cufl8 x]bf{ t ;u/dfyfsf] cfwf/ lzlj/, sfnfkTy/
lzv/ / uf]/S;]kdf afx}| dlxgf lxpF eO/xGYof], clxn] t oxfF lbpF;f] 3fd nfUbf
oxL ;u/dfyfsf] j]; SofDkdf klg udL{ x'G5, z]kf{n] eg] . ;u/dfyf If]qdf
lxhf]cfh ;u/dfyfsf] j];SofDk jl/kl/ klxn]sf] eGbf s:tf] kl/jt{g cfPsf]
5 eGg] a'g ljb]zL ko{6s cfO/x]sf] :yfgLo xf]6n Joj;foL atfpF5g\ .
lbgk|ltlbg a9\b} uPsf] tfkqmd / ablnFbf] df};ddf sf/0f klg ;u/dfyf
cf;kf;sf If]qdf ko{6ssf] 3'Or
F f] nfUg] u/]sf] 5 .

cGgk"0f{ kbofqfdf ko{6s a9]


sf7df8f}F . ljZjs} !) pTs[i6 kbofqf dfu{dWo] Ps cGgk"0f{ kbofqf
dfu{df kbofqfsf nflu cfpg] ko{6s ;+Vof a9b} uPsf] 5 . ko{6sLo
l;hg ;lsg nfUbf kbofqfsf nflu cfpg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vof a9]sf] xf] . kj{t
/ sf:sLsf] l;dfgfdf kg]{ gofFkn
' af6 ;'? x'g] of] kbofqf dfu{df uPsf]
jif{sf] t'ngfdf ljb]zL ko{6ssf] ;+Vof !& k|ltztn] a9]sf] cGgk"0f{If]q
;+/If0f cfof]hgfn] hgfPsf] 5 . cGgk"0f{ kbofqf dfu{df o; jif{ ;g\ @)!#
sf] dfr{df ^ xhf/ !! hgf ko{6s cfPsf 5g\ eg] ut jif{sf] dfr{dlxgfdf
hDdf rf/ xhf/ %)) ko{6sn] of] If]qsf] e|d0f u/]sf lyP . ut km]ac
'| /L
dlxgfdf tLg xhf/ #%# hgf ko{6sn] e|d0f u/]sf]df ut jif{sf] ;f]xL
dlxgfdf b'O{ xhf/ *&^ ko{6sn] e|d0f u/]sf] 6'l/i6 r]sKjfOG6 la/]7fF6Ln]
hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . kbofqf dfu{df ;8s aGg] qmd a9]kl5 ko{6ssf] ;+Vof
36]sf] xNnf rn] klg tYofn] eg] To:tf] xNnfnfO{ unt ;fljt u/]sf] 5 .
;g\ @)!@ df $$ xhf/ %#! hgf ko{6sn] la/]7fF6L x'bF } cGgk"0f{kbofqf
dfu{df e|d0f u/]sf lyP eg] ;g\ @)!! df #* xhf/ %$ ko{6sn] e|d0f
u/]sf lyP . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf uPsf] jif{ !& k|ltztn] ko{6ssf]
;+Vof a9]sf] r]sKjfOG6sf sd{rf/L tLy{/fh 9'fgfn] atfP . ko{6ssf]
;+Vof a;]l{ g a9]sf] 5, pGn] eg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vof 36]sf] xf]Og, a:g] 7fpF /
3'Dg] lbg dfq} 5f]l6Psf] xf] gofF k'naf6 ;'? ePsf] kbofqf 3fGb|s
' , 5f]d?,
cGgk"0f{ a];SofDk k'U5 eg] ko{6s la/]7fF6L x'bF } 3f]/k] fgL, k'glxn, tftf]kfgL
/ d':tf klg k'Ug] u5{g\ . ndh'sf] e'ne'naf6 dgf, pkNnf] d':tf x'bF }
of] dfu{ eP klg ko{6s kms{g] u/]sf 5g\ . kbofqf dfu{df o'/f]kn
] L, cd]l/sL
/ rLgnufotsf Pl;ofnL d'ns
' sf ko{6s cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf jif{df
;a}eGbf a9L lrlgofF ko{6s cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ eg] bf];f| d] f sf]l/ofnL ko{6ssf]
;+Vof k5{ . kbdfu{df :jb]zL ko{6s klg TolQs} dfqfdf cfpg] eP klg
;"rgf s]Gb|n] afXo d'ns
' af6 cfpg] ko{6ssf] dfq ;"rgf /fVg] u/]sf] 5 .
3fGb|s
' , pkNnf] d':tf, k'glxn, u|fdL0f a:tLh:tf ko{6s nf]Eofpg] :yfg
ePsfn] w]/} cfGtl/s ko{6s ;d]t cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . lxdfn, zfGt /
dgf]/d a:tLn] ubf{ of] kbofqf dfu{ ko{6ssf] klxnf] /f]hfOdf kg]{ u/]sf]
5 . t/ clxn] kbofqf dfu{df sRrL ;8s vlgPsf sf/0f j}slNks dfu{sf]
vf]hL ug'k{ g]{ ePsf] 5 .

Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] k|lta4tf


sf7df8f}F . Joj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo g]kfnsf
@% j6f lhNNff -wg'iff, ;nf{xL, dxf]Q/L, /f}tx6, af/f, k;f{, lrtjg, wflb,
sf7df8f},F nlntk'/, sfe]kn
| f~rf]s, gjnk/f;L, tgxF,' ndh', sf:sL, :ofhf,
kfNkf, kGb]xL, slknj:t', bf, ;'vt{] , afFs,] alb{of, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/_
lglb{i6 s[lif pkhxsf] d"No z[v
\ nfdf cfa4 ;fgf s[ifs, s[lif Joj;foL tyf
pBdLsf] k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtfdf ;'wf/ ug{' /x]sf] 5 . of] cfof]hgf @)^%
>fj0faf6 ;~rflnt 5 . of] p2]Zo k|fKt ug{ cfof]hgfaf6 ;Dkfbg ul/g]
sfo{x lgDg s'/fdf s]lGb|t x'g5
] g\
!_ s[ifs ;d"x / ;xsf/L ;+:yfxnfO{ nfek|b ahf/d'vL pTkfbgdf
;xefuL x'g ;xof]u ug{] . ;fy} cfjZos k|ljlw, ;"rgf, ;]jf / ;fj{hlgs
k"jf{wf/sf] Joj:yfdfkm{t\ ahf/df kxF'r / s[lif Joj;fo cfa4tfdf
;'wf/ Nofpg] .
@_ d"No z[v
\ nfsf] b[li6n] pTkfbs, Jofkf/L, k|zf]wgstf{ / cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfxnfO{
;d]t ;d]6L pBf]udf cfwfl/t ;fem]bf/Ltfsf] ljsf; ug{] .
#_ s[lif / vfB Jofkf/df ljBdfg afwf Jojwfg 36fpg] Pj+ s[ifsx / s[lif
Joj;foLxsf] bIftf clej[l4 ub{} cfGtl/s Pj+ cGt/f{li6o ahf/sf] u'0f:t/
cg'ksf] :jR5 / :j:y vfB j:t'xsf] pTkfbg ug{ ;xof]u ug{] .
;Nnf3f/L, dxf/fhuGh , sf7df8f}F
kmf]g M (&&)!$)!&&^%, ofS; M (&&)!$#&#@#^
Email:mail@pact.gov.np,Website:www.pact.gov.np

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

dO{ lbj; / stf/df g]kfnL >lds


dO{ lbj; cGt/f{li6o >lds
lbj;sf] ?kdf ljZjel/sf
>ldsx?n] x;f]N{ nf;sf ;fy dgfpg]
Pp6f ce"tk"j{ >lds lbj; xf] .
cd]l/sfnufot ljZjsf] ljleGg
;x/x?df vf;u/L sfd ug{] ;do
* 306f x'gk' 5{ eGg] dfu /fv]/ !(
cf}F ztfAbLb]lv g} ljleGg If]qdf sfd
ug] { dhb' / x?n] cfGbf] n g ub} {
cfO/x]sf lyP . ;g\ !**^ eGbf
cufl8 cfGbf]ngsf] ljleGg r/0fdf
cfOk' U bf pgLx?sf] dfu
snsf/vfgfsf dflnsx?4f/f s]xL
;'gj' fO{ eP klg k"0f{?kdf eg] ePg .
dhb'/x? cfGbf]lnt x'g'df !( cf}F
ztfAbLd} dfS;{ / Pu]N;n] cfgf]
ljrf/wf/fnfO{ ljZjdf qmflGtsf/L
?kfGt/0f ug]{ ;fwgsf] ?kdf x]b}{
;dfhjfbnfO{ dhb'/ cfGbf]ng;Fu
hf]8]sf lyP / o;n] k|]/0ffsf] sfd
uof] . o;ju{nfO{ cfgf] l;4fGtf/f
;';lHht kfg]{ / ;j{xf/f kf6L{sf]
;[hgf g} dhb'/ju{sf] ljhosf] nflu
dxTjk"0f{ ;t{ xf] eGg] wf/0ff cl3
;fb}{ dfS;{ / Pu]N;n] sDo'lgi6
;+ 3 sf] :yfkgfb] l v sDo' l gi6
3f]if0ffkqsf] j]nf cyf{t\ ;g\ !*$&
b] l v !*$( ;Dd cfOk' U bf
ljZjel/sf dhb' / x?df Ps
lsl;dsf] r]tgf lj:tf/ ul/;s]sf
lyP . ;fdGtjfb lj/f]wL ;+3if{df,
snsf/vfgfsf] pTklt / pTkfbg
zlStsf] ljsf; ug{df a'hj'{ f ju{n]
;fy lbFb} n}hfFbf Pp6f v'8\lsnf]df
k'uk] l5 pTkfbg ;DaGw / zlStsf
aLr snx ;'? eP/ tL a'h'{jf ju{n]
;+ s 6sf] lgjf/0f ug{ g;s] k l5
cGTodf ;j{xf/fju{ hf] k'FhLjfbL
;dfhsf] ;a}eGbf pTkLl8t ju{ xf]
p;n] Pp6f lglZrt v'8\lsnf]df
a'hj{' fju{nfO{ klg x6fP/ ;j{xf/fju{sf]
cflwkTo sfod u5{ eGg] ljrf/ /
lgZrotf g} dhb'/x?sf] k|/] 0ffsf] ;|ft]
ag] / To;sf] #)#% jif{kl5 g}
dhb'/x?n] cfgf xslxtsf nflu oyfy{
;+3if{ ub}{ dO{ lbj;sf] ?kdf >ldsx?sf]
P]ltxfl;s cfGbf]ng / cyfx zlStsf]
:d/0f ug]{ lbgsf] cf/De u/] . ;dosf]
cGt/fn;Fu} ;g\ !**^ df l;sfuf]sf]
x]dfs{6 rf]sdf dhb'/x?n] b}lgs *
306f sfd ug'k{ g]{ d'Vo dfu /fv]/ u/]sf]
cfGbf]ngdf k|zf;gn] cGwfw'Gw uf]nL
rnfP/
x:tIf] k
ubf{
cfGbf]ngsf/Lx?sf] d[To'ePkl5 cem

ltnljqmd y]a]
dhb'/ cfGbf]ng ;zSt eP/ xhf/f}F
dhb'/x?n] :j:km't{ u/]sf] cfGbf]ngn]
cGt/f{li6o ?k lnFb} jt{dfg ljZjn]
ltg} cfGbf]ngsf/Lx?sf] ;fx; /
jL/tfk"0f{ alnbfgsf] :d/0f ub}{ dO{
lbj; dgfpg] ul/Psf] xf] . l;sfuf]sf]
x]dfs{6 rf]sdf nfvf}F >ldsx? hDdf
x'g] kl/l:ylt Nofpg] sf/stTj eg]sf]
;fdGtjfbL
/
k' F h Lklt
snsf/vfgfsf dflnsx? g} lyP .
h;n] dhb'/x?sf] cTolws >dzf]if0f
ub}{ cfO/x]sf] lyof] . l;sfuf]df ePsf]
dhb'/ cfGbf]ng / 36gf x'g'eGbf
cufl8 dhb'/x? !*@) 306f;Dd
lg/Gt/ Go"gHofnfdf sfd ug'k{ b{Yof] .
oBlk pgLx?sf] hLjg:t/ slxNo}
g;'lw|Psf] cj:yf lyof] . l;sfuf]
36gfkl5 >ldsx?sf] b}lgs sfdsf]
;do / Hofnfdf s]xL ;'wf/fTds
kl/jt{g cfP tfklg sxLF g sxLFaf6
>ldsx? @! cf}F ztfAbLdf klg
kl/l:yltsf] bf;Tjaf6 d' l St
kfOxfn]sf] cj:yfrflxF 5}g . xfdL
g]kfnLx?s} s'/f ug{] xf] eg] nfvf}F
nfv >ldsx? j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf]
nflu ef/t, klZrdf d'n's, o'/f]k, /
Pl;ofsf] dWok"jd
{ f sfd ug{ afWo
ePsf 5f}F . xfdL cfgf] d'n'ssf]
/fhg}lts cl:y/tf, cfly{s hh{tf,
e| i 6frf/, /f] h uf/Lsf] af6f] x ?
gePkl5 csf{sf] d'n'sdf /f]huf/L
vf]Hb} cfpg afWo 5f}F . j}b]lzs
/f]huf/L g]kfnLx?sf] j}slNks lhpg]
dfWod eP/ klg ljb]zd} g]kfnL
>ldsx?n] sd ;f:tL ef]u]sf rflxF
xf]Og . ljz]ifu/L vf8L d'n'sdf
sfo{/t g]kfnL >ldsx?sf] cj:yf
TolQ ;'lw|Psf] 5 eGg ldNb}g . nfvf}F
>ldsx?sf aLrdf b' O { r f/hgf
>ldsx?n] b'Mv kfpFbf Tof] Tolt 7"nf]
;d:of g/x]sf] eGg] egfO{ / ljZn]if0f
ug{ ;/sf/sf lhDd]jf/ lgsfo,
;DalGwt b] z df /x] s f g] k fnL
s"6g}lts lgof]ux? kl5 kb}{gg\ t/
of] ;/f;/ unt xf] . Pshgf
g]kfnLsf] ;d:ofn] w]/} g]kfnLx?sf]
;d:ofsf] k|ltlglwTj ul//fv]sf]
x' G 5 . stf/d} klg g] k fnL
>ldsx?sf] cfg} ;d:of 5Fb}5 .
sDkgLn] plrt tnj / ;]jf ;'ljwf
lbO/fv]sf 5}gg\, leiff gnufO{ lbg],
d] l 8sn gu/L lbg] , cjwL k" / f

eO;s]kl5 klg 3/ gk7fOlbg], l6s6


glbg], lj/fdL ePdf pkrf/ gu/Llbg],
SofDkx?df Pp6} sf]7fdf w]/} sfdbf/
sf]r]/ /fVg], sDkgLsf dflnsx?n]
s'6lk6;d]t ug{,] ;of}F g]kfnLx?nfO{
euf}8f agfpg afWo agfpg]h:tf
36gfx? k|z:t eO/fv]sf 5g\ . o:tf
ljifodf dfgjclwsf/jfbL ;+3;+:yf,
dfgj clwsf/;+u ;/f]sf/ /fVg]
lgsfonufotsf] b"/b[li6 cjZo klg
k/]sf] x'gk' 5{ . t/, o:tf] sfo{df g]kfn
;/sf/ / g]kfn ;/sf/sf] s'6g}lts
lgof]un] lhDd]jf/Lk"0f{ eP/ g]kfnL
sfdbf/x?sf] ;'/lIft cfk|jf; /
Jojl:yt /f]huf/Lsf] nflu s'6g}lts
kxn ug}{ kb{5 . t/, o; ljifodf
stf/sf] ;jfndf k|ult ePsf] vf;}
b]lvFb}g . stf/df (% k|ltzteGbf
a9L g]kfnL sfdbf/x? Go"g cfodf
sfd ug]{ >ldsx? x'g afFsL s]xL
/fd|f] tna ;'ljwfdf sfd ug{ kfPsf
5g\ . g]kfnL Joj;foLx?dWo] clwsf+z
g]kfnL sfdbf/x? NofP/ ;nf{O{df
sfdbf/nfO{ pkof]u u/]/ sfdbf/sf]
kl;gfsf] sdfO{ gfkmf sldzgsf]
?kdf vfP/ a;]sfx? g} x'g\ . clxn]
o:tf ;nf{Ojfnfx? sDkgL vf]n]/ %
hgfb] l v %)) eGbf a9L
g]kfnLx?nfO{ sfddf ;fwgsf] ?kdf
k| o f] u u/] / pgLx?n] sdfPsf]
kfl/>ldssf] Pp6f lx:;fnfO{ ;fWosf]
?kdf vfP/ a;]sf 5g\ . pgLx?n]
>ldsx?sf] ;Lk, 1fg, ljj]s /
sf}zntfsf] k|of]uaf6 xf]Og t/
pgLx?sf] zf/Ll/s kl/>d /
kl;gfsf] efu vfPsf] xf] ls eGg]
s'/f ljZn]if0fsf] ljifo aGg ;Sb5 .
ljb]zLx? / g]kfnLx?f/f ;~rflnt
ljleGg sDkgLx?n] sfdbf/x?nfO{
tnj glbP/ em'nfPsf]nufot ljleGg
tl/sfsf] ;d:ofdf g] k fnL
sfdbf/x?nfO{ l/fO/fv]sf] 36gfx?
;'lgFb} b]lvFb} cfPsf] 5 . o:tf
36gfx?n] P]ltxfl;s dO{ lbj;sf]
:d/0f ub}{ubf{ o; lbj;sf] dd{ /
efjgfdfly g} Jo+Uo u/]h:tf] nfU5 .
cem ltg} Joj;foLx? dO{ lbj;sf]
ljifodf >ldssf] Gofo, xslxtsf]
kmnfsf] ub}{ubf{ cfkm}F wfdL cfkm}F
af]S;L lsg ePsf] xf]nf eGg] nfU5 .
g] k fnL b" t fjf; / /fhb' t n]
g] k fnLx?nfO{ cGofo u/] s f]

sDkgLx?k|lt s7f]/k"0f{ tl/sfn]


cf} k rfl/s ?kd} s8f gLlt
ckgfpg'kg]{df Tof] ug{ g;s]sf]
u'gf;f]x? g]kfnL >ldsx?af6} k|z:t
cfO/x] s f] 5 . o;af6 g] k fnL
>ldsx?sf] b"tfjf; / /fhb"tk|ltsf]
e/f];f / cf:yfk|lt ljZjf; x/fpFb}
uO/x]sf] 5 . g]kfnLx?sf] ;'/Iffsf]
s]Gb| g]kfnL b"tfjf; xf] / b"tfjf;af6
g] k fnLn] ;' / Iffsf] Uof/] G 6L klg
kfpg'k5{ eg] g]kfnLx?sf nflu lgof]u
k|dv
' ;'/Iffsf] sjr aGg'k5{ t/
xfnsf s]xL kl/l:ylt / kl/j]zn]
/fhb"tsf Ifdtfdfly k|ZglrGx v8f
ePsf] 5 . s] b"tfjf; / lgof]u k|dv
'
g]kfnL sfdbf/x?sf] kIfdf pgLx?sf]
;' / lIft cfk| j f; / Jojl:yt
/f]huf/Lsf] nflu ;+jb] gzLn 5 < (%
k|ltzt Go'g cfodf sfd ug]{ g]kfnL
>ldsx?sf] kIfdf b"tfjf; / lgof]u
k|dv
' ;+jb] gzLn x'gj] n
] f cfPsf] 5 .
nfvf}F g]kfnLx?sf] efjgfsf] lg/Lx
cljefjs rflxPsf] xf] O g ltg}
g]kfnLx?sf] j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf]
afWotfnfO{ a'em]/ afWofTds cj:yfdf
sfd ul//x] s f >dhLljx?sf]
efjgfsf] ;+j]bgzLntfnfO{ a'g]
;Ifd, / bfloTj lgjf{x ug{ s'6g}lts
lgof]u k|d'vsf] cfjZostf xf] .
b'Or
{ f/hgf 6f7faf7f g]kfnLx?n] (%
k| l tzt ul/vfg] g] k fnLx?sf]
k|ltlglwTj ub}{gg\ / afWofTds
kl/l:yltdf sfd ul//x]sf lg/Lx
g]kfnL >ldsx?sf] efjgfnfO{ bo+ud
ug{ ;Sb}gg\ .
o; jif{ dO{ ! sf lbg >ldsx?n]
dgfpg] !@$ cfF} dO{ lbj; ljZjel/
dgfO/x]sf] a]nf stf/df sfo{/t\
g]kfnL sfdbf/x? dO{ lbj;sf] jf/]df
geP/ cfg} eljiosf] af/]df g}
cTof]n /x]sf] cj:yf 5 . dO{ lbj;sf
a]nf w]/} g]tf, ljfg\, ljb'ifL, zf:qLx?
>ldssf xslxt jf/] d f uha
uhasf s'/f u/]/ cNdnfpgafx]ssf
c? s]xL klg ub}{gg\ . dO{ lbj;sf]
k[i7e"ld / dxTjsf] :d/0f ub}{ubf{
ca ;DalGwt lgsfon] >ldsx?sf]
efjgfnfO{ a'g}kb{5 / >ldsx?nfO{
eof agfP/ w' / L r9\ g ] x ?n]
uDeL/tfk"j{s ;f]Rg}kb{5 . olb o;f]
gePdf >ldsx?n] sxLF g sxLF
Gofosf] s73/fdf lhDd]jf/ kIfnfO{
xflh/ u/fP/} 5f]8g]5 .
bf]xf, stf/

cd]l/sL ljhoJo:t
hLjg
yfkf

elgG5 Jo:t dflg;n] dfq ;do


lgsfNg ;Sb5 oxfx? of] egfO{;u+ ;xdt
x'g' x'G5 eGg] d}n] ljZjf; lnPsf] 5' .
clwsf+z Jo:t dflg; ;do cg';f/
rNb5g / of]hgf d'tfljs rn]sf]
kfOPsf] 5 / ljsl;t d'ns
' df ;donfO{
k};f;+u t'ngf ul/G5 / af/Daf/ ;do
k};f xf] egL ;Dafb u/]sf] ;'lgG5 klg
cd]l/sg /fi6klt olt Jo:t x'G5g\ ls
bfofafof rNg d'l:sn x'G5 t/ ;do
Jo:yfkg ug{' kof] eg] ;do lgsfnL
xfN5g . sl/a Ps jif{;Ddsf sfo{;r
" L
lgwf{/0f x'G5 elgG5 . cd]l/sg /fi6klt
dfq x}g, clwsf+z pKknf]txsf dflg;,
kbflwsf/L xb Jo:t klg x'G5g\ . Jo:t
hLjgn] ;a}nfO{ ufh]sf] 5, bf}8fbf}8,
efufefu, s'bfs'b, x:of km:of 5
cd]l/sg hLjg . o;sf] cy{ of] x}g ls
c? d'ns
' sf dflg; Jo:t x'bg} g . /f]d
Ps lbgdf ag]sf] lyPg eGg] pvfg
k'/fgf] eO;Sof] / ca /f]d Ps lbgdf
ag]sf] lyof] eg] dfq clxn]sf o'jfx?
pT;flxt x'g5
] g\ . cd]l/sfdf a;f]af;
ug]{ vfF6L cd]l/sf / xfdL k|jf;L g]kfnL
slQsf] Jo:t 5f} . cuf8L of] k+lStsf/n]
pNn]v u/] em}F Jo:t x'gn] ] dfq ;dosf]
tfnd]n ldnfp5, km';l{ b 5 eg] ;do
Joj:yfkg ug{;Sb}g / cndlnG5 .
cd]l/sfdf c? km';l{ b sf] x'g] < km';l{ b
g} Jo:t x'g] < sfd klg 5}g / Jo:t

klg pg} . km';l{ bn] ;RrfO{ n'sfpg]


ub{5g . hflu/ 5}g / km';b{ L 5 eg]
klg s;}n] ;jfn uof] eg] Jo:t 5'
eGof] eg] cuf8L s'/f g} a9b}g lsgeg]
Hofbf ;f]Wg] rng x'bF g} / ;jfn clws
u/] c:jfefljs dflgG5g . sf]xL sfd
u/]sf u/] 5g\, Jo:tsf Jo:t g} 5g\,
km';l{ bn] Jo:t / sfddf 5' eg]sf eg}5g\
lsgeg] Jo:t ePg eg] sfd gu/L
a:g] :jfb] lha|f] / cN5L lt3|f] egL
aft nfUb5 . k|jf;L g]kfnL g]kfnLdf
Jo:t hgfpg] / em'6sf] v]tL ug]{ ul/G5
klg . olt eGb}df c?n] lrof] rrf{ ug]{
rng xFb' g} klg lsgeg] Jo:t egL
lbPkl5 cfkmGt / z'elrGts 3/df
hfr ug{ cfpb}gg . cfpg] rng sd
x'G5 / :jfut gu/L cfpg] rng sd
rng x'G5 . cd]l/sfdf sfdsf] Hofbf
ef/n] sd{rf/Ldf tgfj j[l4 e} lg?T;fxL
b]lvPsf] 5, Ps bzs cuf8L lnOPsf]
Ps tyf+sdf b'O{ s/f]8 krf; nfv
sd{rf/L dWo] sl/a @) k|ltztn]
xKtfdf $( / ! s/f]8 eGbf Hofbfn]
%( 306f eGbf a];L sfdsf] sf/0f
kfl/jfl/s hLjg tgfj ePsf] hgfPsf
5g\ . ;Dejt ljZjsf] ljsl;t cf}wf]lus
b]zdWo] cd]l/sfdf ;a} eGbf a];L ;do
dflg; sfddf Jo:t x'G5g\ / h;sf]

sf/0f Hofbf sfdsf] ef/sf] sf/0f csf]{


lbzfdf uO{ /xsf] elgPsf] 5 . Jo:t x'g'
/fd|f] / dgf] j}1flgsx?n] Jo:tsf] Jo:t
dfqnfO{ :jf:Yosf] b[li6sf]0fn] /fd|f] dfGb}gg
/ sfdsf] lardf cf/fd cyf{t\ 5'L
latfpg' k5{ egL ;Nnfx lbG5g .
cd]l/sgx? s/f]8f} s/f]8sf] ladf x'bF g}
tyflk hLjg wfgL /x]sf x'G5g\ / oxL
l;sf] xfdL g]kfnL kfgL l;Sg vf]Hb5f} g}
;d:ofdf kb{5f} Ps ltxfO{ cd]l/sg
3/f/ c7f/ jif{df cfgf ;tf{g;+u ;Fu}
a;L cfgf] 3/sf] Joj:yfkg ul//x]sf
x'G5g\ h:sf] nflu afa'cfdf k'/f 306f
of cf+lzs sfd &) k|ltzt ub{5g eg]
@( k|ltzt afa'cfdfx? laxfg ( b]lv
% ah] ;Dd sfd ub{5g eg] cf};b
kl/jf/;+u #=% k|ltzt dfq km';b{ \ ;do
x'G5 . ;Gtfg Hofbf x'gs
' f] sf/0f klg
cd]l/sg Jo:t kfOPsf] 5 / ^* k|ltzt
eGbf Hofbf cf/fd kl/jf/ k'/f ;do
of cf+lzs sfd ub{5g . jt{dfg
;dodf k|jf;L g]kfnLsf ;Gtfg
t'ngfTds ?kdf sd x'G5g\ t/ klg
cd]l/sg h:t} Jo:t b]lvG5g / Jo:t
klg x'G5g\ . km';b{ 5}g eGof] t/ ef]h
et]/df xKtfsf] ;ft} lbg Jo:t x'gx] ?
ef]h et]/df ;xefuL ePsf] b]lvPsf]
5 / ToxfF p sltsf] Jo:t lyof] / 5

eGg] ;a} s'/f 5n{ x'G5 . ToxfF klg


em'6sf] v]tL ul/G5 cd]l/sfdf 306f
sfd ug{s
' f] e/f];f gx'g] / hf8f] df};ddf
sfdsf] rfk sfd x'g] x'gfn] udL{ dlxgf
x'g] k"0f{sfd klg cw{ x'G5 To:tf] a]nfdf
klg s;}nfO{ ;jfn u/L xfNof] eg] g]kfnL
k'?if of dlxnf b'jn
} ] Jo:t ePsf]
hgfp5g . hjfkm lbO{ xfN5g
Jo:ttfsf] . 3/df a;L rnlrq x]/L
;do latfO/x]sf ePklg Jo:t 5' egL
lbof] cWofo ;dfKt t/ ;Totf aflx/
lg:sg ;do nfUb}g, em'6 aflx/ cfO{
xfN5 . lsg em"6 af]Ng] xfdLn], of] b]zdf
s;}nfO{ lbg] rng x'bg} / c?nfO{ lbP
eg] cfkm" ;8sdf cfpg] x'G5 . dfUg]
rng klg cd]l/sgx?df sd x'G5
t/ xfdL t g]kfn b]lv g} dfUg] cfbt
nfu]sf] x'gfn] km'l:s xfN5 . cd]l/sg
hLjg Jo:t hLjg 5, s'g} zf g} 5}g,
t/ km';b{ \ x'bF f d km';l{ b 5' eGg lsg
xfdLn] lxDdt gug]{ . sfd gxFb' f dflg;n]
lv;L ub}g{ g\ a? ;xof]usf nflu xft
cuf8L a9fpg] x'G5g\ . xfdLn] em'6
af]Ng' / 9f6\g' kg]{ s'g} sf/0f 5}g /
xfdL /fhgLlt ug'{ h:tf] Jojxf/ slxn]
ug{' xFb' g} lsgeg] /fhgLlt ufg{n] em'6
dfly em'6 af]Nb5g . cd]l/sf xf];\ of
cGo s'g} d'ns
' Jo:t x'g' /fd|f] t/
Jo:tsf] clego ug{' g/fd|f] / o:tf]
larf/ slxn] s;}nfO{ pTkGg gxf];\ .

blnt / /fhgLlt
dgjL/ g]kfnL
b]zsf] ;d|u ljsf;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{hgtfsf] ;dfg'kflts ljsf;
x'g'kb{5 . To;sf nflu ;a} hgtfn] ;dfg?kdf lzIff xfl;n
u/]sf] x'gk' b{5 / ;"u;"u} cfly{s ljsf; klg x'gk' b{5 . o;f] ePsf]
v08df b]zsf] dfgj ljsf; ;"rsf dfly p7\5, a]/f]huf/L 36\5
/ ;du| ljsf; l56f] x'G5 / b]z ;d[l4tkm{ nDsG5 . of] w|j' ;To
s'/f xf] t/ g]kfnsf] sG6]S; km/s 5 . b]zsf] s'n hg;+Vofsf] Ps
ltxfO{ lx:;f cf]u6]sf blntx? z}lIfs / cfly{s b'a} kIfaf6 k5fl8
kfl/Psf] cj:yf 5 . blntx? g t kof{Kt?kdf lzlIft 5g\ g
pgLx?;"u k'Ubf]?kdf cfly{s g} 5 . dflg;nfO{ cufl8 ws]Ng] /
k|ultkydf nDsfpg] tTj eg]s} jf:tjdf 1fg / wg x'g\ . lzIffn]
dflg;nfO{ 1fgL agfpg d2t ub{5 eg] wgn] dflg;sf] ultsf]
l:k8 a9fpg dbt ub{5 . t/ oL b'a}lagfsf cfhsf blntn]
u}/blnt;"u s'g} klg sf]0faf6 k|lt:kwf{ ug{;Sg] Ifdtf /fVb}gg\ .
rfx] tL t/fO{sf dw];L blnt xf]pg\ rfx] kxf8sf of lxdfnsf
blntx? xf]pg\ lsgeg] oL blntx?df g cfwf/e"t lzIff 5 g t
kof{Kt wg 5 . o;dfg]df of] ju{ ;dfhsf] Pl6n ju{df kb}g{ .
Pl6n ju{df k5{g\ t ltg} u}/blntx? . o;dfg]df blntx?sf]
kx'r
" sf] kIf Go"g g} b]lvG5 . kx"r
' a9\gsf] nflu ;d'bfodf /fhgLlts
g]tT[ j klg cfjZos kb5{ . ha z}lIfs / cfly{s?kd} sNkgfeGbf
6f9fsf] s'/f xf] . ha /fhgLlts kx'r
" x"b' g} p;sf] nflu bof /
leveGbf csf]{ s'/fsf] cfz ug{ x"b' g} . o:tf] cj:yfaf6 u'lh|Psf]
blntx?sf] cj:yfsf] ljZn]if0f ubf{ hlt r'gfjx? cfP klg Pp6f
ef]6/ dfq x'g\ . ef]6 lbP/ Pp6f g]tfnfO{ lhtfpg] t/ cfk"m
oyfl:yltdf a:g] ju{ eg]sf blntx? g} x'g\ . o:tf] k|;u+ kbf{ Psfw
blntx?nfO{ s]xL gld7f] nfUg ;Snf t/ cj:yf o:t} g} xf] . Psfw
blntx? cfly{s, z}lIfs / /fhgLlts?kdf cufl8 xf]nfg\ t/ xfdLn]
;d|u?kdf x]g{'kb{5 lsgeg] cfdblntx?sf] cj:yf bogLo 5 .
b]zdf r'gfjL dfxf]n aGb}5 . r'gfjsf] ldlt dfq tf]Sg af"sL 5 .
t/ blntx?sf nflu sfunfO{ a]n kfSof] xif{ g lj:dft eg]em}F
ePsf] 5 . /fhgLlt ;dfh / dfgj ljsf;sf] r'/f] xf] t/ blnt
ju{sf] nflu r'gfjdf kx'r
" k'Ub}g . logLx?sf] a:tL g Ps 7fp"df
5 g logLx?df o'lg6L 5 . o;dfg]df blntx?sf nflu of] s'g}
pT;fxhgs ljifo aGg ;s]sf] 5}g . t/, casf] ;do blntx? klg
lg/fz x'gx' b'" g} / Psh'6 eP/ nfUg'kg] { cj:yf cfPsf] 5 . cfd
blntx?sf] hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df ;/sf/df k|ltlglwTj x'g'kb{5 .
cGo pbfx/0f x]/f},F dlxnfx?sf] ## k|ltzt k|ltlglwTj ;'lglZrt
5 . yf? / dw]zLsf] cfg} ks8 Pl/ofx? 5g\ . cGosf] t s] s'/f .
o; ;Gbe{df blntx?n] klg b]zdf cfgf] efu vf]Hg'kb{5 . ;a}eGbf
pk]lIft ju{sf ?kdf /x]sf blntx?sf] kx'"r s'g} klg :yfgdf
cfTd;Ddfgsf ?kdf 5}g . blntx? g ;/sf/L ;]jfdf pRr
cf]xf]bfdf 5g\ g t /fhgLlts If]qdf dflyNnf] txdf . o:tf]
cj:yf /xg'df y'k}| sf/0fx? 5g\ . To;dWo] klxnf] sf/0f t ;lbof}b+ l] v
lyrf]ldrf]df k/]/ pgLx? ;dfhsf] lgDgju{df k/] ta pgLx?;"u
;DklQ kof{Kt x'g ;s]g . ;DklQ gePkl5 pgLx? u/LjLsf] /]vfd'lg
k/], kmn:j?k u/La dfG5]n] s]xL ug{ ;Sb}g . p;n] cfjZos kg]{
lzIff klg cfh{g ug{ ;Sb}g / ;dfhdf of]ubfg klg ug{ ;Sb}g .
jt{dfg ;dodf blnt egf{n] blaPsf, lylrPsf, kLl8t, 5'jf5'tsf]
Jojxf/df k/]sf jf lxGb' wd{cg';f/ z"b| egL ls6fg ePsf ju{nfO{
hgfp"5 . vf;u/L xfn cfP/ kxf8L, dw];L / g]jf/L blnt eg]/
ju{ljGof; u/]sf] kfOG5 . blntx? h'g ;d'bfodf a;f]af; u/]
ToxLsf] efiff af]Ng] u/]sf] kfOG5 . vf;u/L kxf8df a;f]af; ug]{
blntn] vz efiff, t/fO{df a;f]jaf; ug]{ blntn] t/fO{sf] efiff /
g]jf/L blntn] g]jf/L efiff af]Ng] u/]sf] kfOG5 . blntsf] r]tgf:t/
klg cToGt tNnf]:t/df /x]sf] x'gfn] 7Ls / a]7Ls 5'6o\ fpg ;Sg]
:t/sf 5}gg\ . cfhsf] o; o'udf klg 7Ls / a]7Ls 5'6\ofpg
g;Sg] oL blntsf] ljsf; slxn] ;Dej xf]nf <
o;kfnf bz}d+ f d cfkmGtsf] 3/df e]63f6sf] nflu ofqf u/]+ .
hxf" hfG5' u/LjL 5, cefj 5 / hxf"txL+ hf"8 /S;Lsf] b'?kof]u
ePsf] 5, em}emu8f clg ef"8e}nf] dfq b]v+] . u/LjL Psftkm{ 5 eg]
clzIff csf]t{ km{ 5"b5
} . sf]xL ;fg} pd]/df ljwjf x'gk'us
] f 5g\ t
sf]xL ;fg} pd]/df ax'ljjfx u/]sf 5g\ . ljjfx ug]{ pd]/ s'g xf] <
s;/L ljjfx ug]{ < lsg ljjfx ug{ < slt k9]/ ljjfx ug{] < cflb
cflbaf/ cgle1 of] ;dfh crDd nfUbf] / sxfnL nfUbf] 5 .
cleefjsn] hf"8 /S;L vfPsf] e/df !@ jif{sL slnnL 5f]/Lsf] !#
jf !$ jif{sf] s]6f;"u ljjfx ul/lbG5g\ . vf]O{ oxf" g]kfnsf] sfg'g <
vf]O{ oxf" afnclwsf/ < vf]O{ oxf" lzIffsf] clwsf/ < lzIff eg]sf]
dfgjsf] t];|f] cf"vf xf] h;n] 7Ls / a]7Ls 5'6\ofpg ;S5 .
blntsf] gh/df lzIff h:tf] eP klg x'G5 . To:t} k|sf/n] xfd|f
ljBfno klg p:t} 5g\ . jif{df d'l:snn] b'O{ dlxgf hlt k9fO x'g]
xfd|f ljBfnodf blntsf afnaflnsf d'l:snn] Ps dlxgf dfq
ljleGg /fxt tyf 5fqj[lQsf nflu xflh/ x'g] ub{5g\ . lzIff
eg]sf] dfgjsf] t];f| ] cf"vf xf], d}n] h] h:tf] b'Mv u/]/ klg k9\gk' 5{
eGg] efjgfsf] ljsf; afnaflnsfdf 5}g eg] d}n] afnaflnsfx?nfO{
k9fpg'k5{ eGg] efjgf cleefjsdf klg 5}g . blnt ju{sf] /fhgLlts
g]tT[ j a9fpgsf nflu casf] nf]stGqdf cj;/ 5 . ;dfg'kflts
/fhgLlts gf/fn] blntx?nfO{ klg ;d]6g\ ] x'gfn] o; cj;/nfO{
blntx?n] klg 5f]8g\ ' x"b' g} . h'g;'s} kf6L{df /fv] klg To; kf6L{df
cfgf] :yfg vf]Hg'kb{5 . cfgf] ju{sf] pTyfgsf nflu blntx?
cfkm}F h'6g\ k' b{5 . blnt ju{n] cfgf] :yfg ;'lglZrt ug{ Pscfk;df
Psh'6 x'g,] cfk"mn] cf:yf /fVg] kf6L{df of]ubfg ug'k{ b{5 . lg/Gt/tf
klg x'gk' b{5 . cfh Pp6f kf6L{, ef]ln csf]{ kf6L{ ug{x' b'" g} . blntx?n]
;dfhsf] x/]s P:k]S6df cfgf] g]tT[ j sfod /fVg casf lbgx?df
of]ubfg ug{ l;Sg'kb{5 . b]zsf] ;+ljwfg / sfg'gx?df cfgf] efu
vf]Hg'kb{5 / dfq blntsf] cj:yfdf qmdzM ;'wf/ cfpg;S5 .

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

kf7s;usf] hDsfe]6df enfs';f/L

>4]o kf7sj[Gb,
d hlGd/xg rfxG5' . d
dl//xg vf]Hb5' . d st} st} hGd]F .
d yf]/} 7fpFdf dfq} d/]F . cfkm\g}
sf/0fn] / cfkm\g} /x/n] /x/sf]
v]tLsf] dxfcleofgdf ;kmn x'g
Hofb} rsf]{ /x]5 . st} g st} w]/yf]/
t d d/]F klg dg el/p~h]n dg{
;s]sf] 5}g . t/, d n]Vb} 5' . d
af]Nb} 5' . d lxF8\b} 5' . /, olQv]/
tkfO{+x ;fd' uGyg cl3 ;fb}{ 5' .
d]/f] ;kgf lyof] st} dF . st}
hGd"F . dF / hGd"F . uha 5
ghlGdsg dg{ gkfOg], gd/Lsg
hGdg gldNg] . s:tf] rqmLo nLnf
n]vsLo ;+;f/ oxL rqmdf kmgkmgL
3'ld/x]sf] 5 .
d lbglbg} hlGd/x]sf] cfefif
kfO/xg'ePsf] 5, dl//x]sf] klg
;dfrf/ kl9/xg'ePsf] 5 . d d]/}
v'zLn] hGdG5' t/ dg{ eg] kfpFlbgF .
dg{ d}n] ;fOt kv{gk' 5{ . dg{ kfpg'
;f}efUo /x]5 . dg{ ;Sg' cxf]efUo
/x]5 . ca eg] d hGdg'nfO{ ;f}efUo
7fGg 5fl8;s]sf] 5', dg{ kfpg'nfO{
;f}efUo dfGg yfn]sf] 5' .
kf7s dxf]bo, d cfkm\g} v'zLn]
hGdG5' . d cfkm\g} /x/n] ;flxTosf]
hudf 6's6' s
' ' lxF85
\ ' . dnfO{ hGdg
klg jfWotf 5}g, leqleq} u'D;g /
PsfGtdf ax'nfpg 5]saf/ 5}g .
d cfh;Dd w]/} k6s hGd]sf] 5' .
sof}F k6s /fhwfgLdf hGd], sof}F
k6s df]km;ndf hGd] . b]zljb]z
htftt} hlGd/x] s } 5' .
hGdfOlbg]x hGdfpFbf 5g\ . n'v/' ]
sndsf] e/df hGdg]x hlGdbf
5g\ . hGd]/ dg{ gkfO{sg x/fpg]x
klg w]/} 5g\ . tL w]/d
} f Ps d klg
k5'{ ls eGg] qf;n] cfh kq n]Vg
jfWo 5' .
;w}F hGdgsf nflu g} lbdfv
tanf ahfO/xG5, xf/df] l god
v]nfO/xG5, afF;'/L km'ls/xG5 .
vf;df dHhfn] dg{ eg] kfOPsf]
5}g . Psfw k6s ;;fgf] d'To'j/0f
u/]sf 36gf s] atfpmF / w]/} k6s
hlGd/xg rfxg]x Psfw k6s dfq
dg{ kfpF5g\ eg] hGdg'sf] g} s] sfObf
ef] /
d'gfdbgdf hGd]/ nIdLk|;fb
d/]sf] nfvf}F k6s ef] Sof/] . p;f]
t 3'Dg] d]rdfly cGwf] dfG5]df
hGd]sf e"lk z]/rg klg sof}F k6s
dl/;s] . /fwfdf hGd]/ w/faf;Ln]
7"nf] zxfbt k|fKt u/] . >j0f
d' s f? klg la;] gurL{ s f]
aofgaf6} slt k6s d/] egL ;fWo
5}g . dg]{ /x/n] g} hGd]sL kfj{tL
/fpt eg;'gsf] b]zdf dg vf]n]/
dg{ gkfO{sg r'krfk /fhwfgLdf
yGs]sL l5g\ . ev{/} euhf]ugLdf
hGd] s L s?0ff emfn] klg dg
el/p~h]n dg{ e]6]sL 5}gg\ . t/,
kfl/hft hlt k6s hlGdOg\, TolQ
g} k6s dl/g\ . ;?eStx, /fh]Gb|
;'j]bLx, w|'jrGb| uf}td, lbn
;xfgL, Clif/fh a/fnx cgluGtL
k6s dl/;s] . cGtd{gsf] ofqf
xf];\ ls pu]g{ sf] 3f]8f xf];\ jf hLjg
k"mn ls sfF8f g} lsg gxf];\ hGdg]
hGdbf 5g\ t/ dg{ eg] ;a}n] kfPsf
5}gg\ . ;?eStx, s[i0f kxf8Lx,
s[i0f clj/nx, gofF3/]x, /f]zg
yfkf gL/jx w]/} k6s hGd]/ w]/}
k6s d/]sf] a'em]sf] 5', ;'g]sf] 5' .
s[i0f ;]g OR5'sx, 3gZofd
9sfn, ljZj]Zj/x, l/dfnx,
;dx h;/L dg{ kfP, rf]nf km]g{
e]66\ fP s:tf] x'GYof] eGg] dgdf
8fxf x' G 5 . leqleq} kf] l nG5' ,
kflsG5' . /ft ldq aG5 . lbg k|f0f
7xl/G5 . e/lbg ;+;f/df / ;+;f/s}
nflu x'G5' . w]/} h;f] /ft hGdsf]
dxfcleofgdf h'6\5' . /, klg dg{

;ls/x]sf] 5}g . dg{ kfO/x]sf] 5}g .


tdfd kf7snfO{ s[kof hGdg dfq
gb]pm, dg{ klg b]pm eGg dg nfu]sf]
5 t/ v'n]/ o;f] eGg g}ltstfn]
cj/f]w v8f u/]sf] 5 . hGdg' 7"nf]
s'/f x}g, dg'{ 7"nf] s'/f xf] .
kf7sj[Gb, d kmsfpFb} 5' . d
hDnf xft ub}{ 5' . d kLknkft] aGb}
5' . k/z' k|wfgxn] cfk"m hGd]sf]
s'/f dfq u/]gg\ . cfk"m hGdg'sf]
sf/0f;d]t vf]tn] . d klg vf]tNb}
5' . d klg ljut pN6fpFb} 5' .
slxn]sfxLF ljut klg lgs} rlvnf]
x'Fbf] /x]5 . afFRgnfO{ ljutsf] ;fy
rflxFbf] /x]5 . hGdg /x/ ug]{xn]
dg{ /fhL geO{ gx'Fbf] /x]5 . dg{
gkfpFbf x'g] kL8fdf dnxdk6\6L
nufpg ljut sf]6\ofP/ cf]5\ofpFbf
klg clns ;~rf] x'g] /x]5 .
kf7s dxfzo, cGofo ug'{ef] .
dg{ klg af6f] 5]Sg'ef] . hGdbf rflxF
af6f] 5]Sg e'Ng'ef] . hGdfpg hfGg]n]
d'To'sf] d'v vf]lNbg klg hfGg'k5{ .
x'g t, la/fnf] afFw]/ lkt[sf] >f4
ug] { lbg ;dfKt eP . ;dfKt
ePsf]nfO{ lapFemfpg' x'GgYof] . afWo
5' . p7fO/x]5' . dg{ gkfPsf] emf]s
F df
s] x'G5, x'G5 . d eGg ;lSbgF . t/
va/bf/ gk9L, gu'gL / g;f]rL
dfg{ kfpg'xG' g lg . dg{ dfu{ k|z:t
ug{ dfq ;Sg'xG' 5 . hGdg lbFb} glbg]
clwsf/ ;Dkfbsk|sfzsnfO{ xf]nf
t/ st} g st}af6 hGdL xfn] dg{
lbg] k"/fk"/L xs tkfO{+ kf7sju{nfO{
5.
cfh;Dddf d tkfO{s
+ f] cbfntdf
w]/} k6s k'u]sf] 5' . k'Ub} ax; ;'Gb}
/ wf/fpkwf/fsf] avfg ;Demb}
kms]{sf] 5' . cfo{3f6 k'ofPsf] nf;
km]l/ 3/leq x'lng' /fd|f] xf]Og . lsg
/fd|f] gePsf] eg]/ ;f]Wg'xf]nf . d cfh
/ftLs} 36gf ;Demb} 5' /
tkfO{+xnfO{ cjut u/fpFb} 5' .
kf7s dxfzo, d km] l /km] l /
tkfO{+sf] cbfnt wfpg] dgl:tlydf
lyPF . To;} f h:To;} sNkgfdf
x/fO/x] s f] lyPF . kmfu' k " l 0f{ d fsf]
pd\udf /dfpg ldq s'df/ aAn'
;kl/jf/ ;;'/fn Og?jf xflgPsf
lyP . /fhlj/fhsf] 7fpF, rf}o{sd{df
kf/\utxsf] sdL gePsf] xf]nLsf]
cj:yf rf]/L gug]x{ n] klg xf]nLsf]
dHhf lnFg eGb} / olQv]/ bfp k5{
eG7fGb} 3/ kmf]8]/ l;l/v'/L p8fpg]
;Defjgf Hofbf ePsf] ;do d]/L
u[xdGqf0fL nIdL afO{sf cg';f/ d}n]
ldqsxfF /ft ljtfpg'kg]{ eof] . 7Ls}
5 . cem PsfGt /ft ldNg] kof]
eGb} lyP .
ToxL :yfgdf, ;' g ;fgdf /
ljNs'n} zfGt d'bf| df dg p7\b} lyof] .
snd hfUb} lyof] . xfjf rNb} lyof] .
sf] 7 f aflx/ k| s [ l tn] g[ T o ;' ?
ul/;s] s f] cfefif ldNb} lyof] .
=====uof] . em\ o fKk} aQL uof] .
lah'nL;Fu} dg klg uof] . snd klg
v'q'Ss v:of] . ;f/f of]hgf rf}k6\6
eof] . cem rf/}lt/ zflGt 5fof] .
t/, ljNs'n} d'bf{ zflGt k|f0f gePsf]
zflGt cfhsf dfG5] s f] k| f 0f
lah'nLd} 5 . Tof] uPkl5 y'Ss s]
s] uFnf eGb} lyPF eGb} lgb|fb]jLsf]
r/0f:kz{ ug{] sfo{df tGdo eP/
nfu]F . To;kl5 sltv]/ s] eof] <
d}n] cfFvf b]lvgF, dg p7fOgF . ;f/f
s'/f d:tLdf kl/0ft eP . ;f:tLdf
s;/L / lsg k|jz
] eof] To; jf/]
w/f]wd{ d s]xL hflGbgF . tkfO{+x
:jod\n] 5'6o\ fpg'xf]nf .
oL ef}lts b'O{ g]qsf] s'/f ca
lgs} a]/sf nflu aGb u5'{ . xnrn
ljxLg g} cfFvf vf]Nbf, cfFugdf nf;
lyof] . sf]xL ?Fb} lyP, sf]xL eSsflgb}
lyP . dlng d'b|fdf dlt/ x]b}{ lyP .
TolQa]nf dxfgfos /fh]z xdfn

gGbnfn cfrfo{
ePe}mF u/L d rf/}lt/af6 3]l/PF .
nf; glhs a"9fvf8f lyP . c rflxF
d]/} j/k/ w'Ol/Psf lyP . lsg cfh
dfG5]x dnfO{ 3]5g{ ,\ of] nf; s;sf]
xf] < uDg yfn]F . sf]xL af]Nb}gg\ . s]xL
af]Nb}gg\ . s] efsf] xf] o:tf] < dgsf
s'/fnfO{ d'vdf NofO{, xfjfdf ;~r/0f
u/fPF . rf/} l t/ ;Ggf6f, sf] x L
af]Nb}gg\ . uxel/ cf;' dfq b]V5' .
d]/f] dg cldnf] eof] . TolQ~h]n;Dd
rflxF d}n] cfFvfnfO{ ?emfpg] /
lehfpg] sfd u/]sf] lyOgF sf/0f
vf] t Nbf vf] t lnF b }g . cl3 a9\ g
vf]H5', eL8n] 3]/]sf] 5 . v}, s] xf],
s] xf] eg]/ To;} cl8PF .
Toqf] eL8sf aLrdf klg PsfGt
kfPF . s:tf] cfZro{ hLjgsf] sqf]
gf6s gf6s n]Vg] dfG5]xdf d
klg Pp6f dfG5] t/ clego eGg]
s'/f s'g hGt'sf] gfd xf] Tof] cem};Dd
/fd|/L yfxf 5}g . oL ;f/fsf ;f/f
dfG5] n ] cfh Ps} ;fy clego
ul//x]sf 5g\ . a8f] qf;bL clego
To;} avt Psf]xf]/f] z\v km'lsof] .
To; cfjfh;Fu} d]/f] klg af6f] km'sj' f
eof] . cl3 a9]F, nf; glhs k'Ug
vf] H b} lyPF . ;a} n ] af6f]
5fl8lbPsfdf a]Un} k|km'Nntfsf ;fy
kfOnf cl3 a9\b} lyP .
uGtJo :yndf k'Ug} nfu]sf a]nf
PSsf;L k'/fgf ldq kbd l3ld/]n]
af6f] 5]s] . xft kqm]/ PsfGt lt/
nu] . d}n] pxL k'/fg} k|Zg pgL;Fu
klg ;f]w]F . lgs}a]/;Dd pgn] d]/f]
cg'xf/ / dgf]bzfsf] cWoog ul//x] .
d p7]/ lxF8\g dfq s] nfu]sf]
lyPF, pgn] d'v vf]n] nLnf b}jsf]
nLnf k|s[ltsf r/fr/ hut\sf]
hLjgrqm cfh oxfF Pp6f cWofo
aGb eof], k/dfTdfsf] cbfntdf csf]{
gjLg cWofo ;' ? cft eof] .
k/dfTdfsf] Kof/f]Kof/L x'g xfdL
;a}n] hfg}k5{ . To;}sf] dfq k|tLIff
ul//x]sf 5f}F . c3f]lift k|tLIff
s;}sf] k|tLIffsf] 38L rfF8f] ;dfKt
x'G5 / hfg kfpF5, s;}sf] ;lsPsf]
5}g / hLjgsf] o; k|tLIffnodf
k|tLIff/t\ 5f}F . To;}n] xfdLnfO{ lhpFb}
5f}F t/ Pslbg dg'{k5{ eGg] nfu]sf]
5}g . t/ ldq, d]/f] s'/fdf ljZjf;
u/ xfdL knkn dl//x]sf 5f}F .
;Dk"0f{kn] dg{ g;s]sf / gkfPsf
sf/0fn] dfq xfdL cfk"mnfO{ lhpFb}
7fG5f}F . xfdL b'a} #* aif{ pd]/sf]
d'To' eO;s]sf cwj};
+ ] dfG5] xf}F . o;
cl3sf] jfNosfn, o'jfsfn sxfF uof]
eg t < xf], Tof] dof] . Tof] ;lsof] .
Tof] x/fof] . Tof] ljnfof] . cfh pxfF nf;nfO{ b]vfpFb_} ;Dk"0f{kn] cfkm\gf]
sfn Joltt u/]/ hfg'eof] . To;df
xfdL a'l4hLjLn] dg b'vfpg] / tg
;'sfpg] sfd ug'{ plrt 5}g .
cfF;'nfO{ cfFvfdf g} ;lhg lbg'k5{ .
To;sf] ;f} G bo{ t f ToxL 7fpF d f
emNsG5 . wtL{df v:g lbPdf dxTj
;lsG5 . dxTj a'em / cfF;'nfO{
;fFr]/ /fv .
kf7s dxf]bo, ldqsf] d'v aGb
x'g]jfnf lyPg . d]/} k'/fgf] k|Zgsf]
k'g/fj[lQn] d'v aGb eof] . cg'xf/
k9],F uxel/ cfF;' lyof] . dg eSsfgf]
kf/] . c af]Ng ;s]gg\ . PsfGtlt/
nfu] . tTsfn} 8fFsf] 5f]8]/ /f]Psf]
cfjfh ;'g] . ?gnfO{ klg PsfGt
rflxg] /x]5 . d klg pgLg]/ k'u/]
jf:tljstf a'em\g rfx]F . 9'u\ f] af]Nnf
t/ pgL af]n]gg\ .
ca d lgtfGt PSnf] ePF . dnfO{
;Demfpg] ldq klg lyPgg\ . cGo sf]xL
klg cfPgg\ . dfq /f]Psf] cfjfh ;'Gy]F .
clncln lrRrfPsf] cfjfh dsxfF
k'UYof] . nf; s;sf] xf] eGg] s'/fdf
cem} a]va/ lyPF . s'g} a6'jfsf]

x'gk' 5{ . Ps dgn] o;} eGYof] . d


ls+st{Joljd"9 ePF . dnfO{ klg
lrRofpg dg nfUof], 8fsf] 5f]8g\ dg
nfUof] . t/, s]sf nflu lrRofpg',
s]sf nflu 8fsf] 5f8\g' ;do
ljlt/x]sf] lyof] . dfG5]sf] eL8
al9/x]sf] lyof] . gf6s of] hLjgs}
gf6s xf] . kSs} of] ;8s gf6s xf] .
3l/3/L dg o;} eGYof] . dgn] dgnfO{
;Demfpg vf]HYof] . t/, dg g} xf]
dfGg] s'/} lyPg . r'krfk, r'krfk,
df}gtflt/ Psf]xf]l/PF .
kf7sj[Gb, To; a]nf dnfO{ dfG5]
x'gd' f 3[0ffjf]w eof] . Pp6f dfG5]
lgik|f0f 5 . csf]{ dfG5] glhs eP/
klg a]va/ 5 . d]/} 3/df ;of}F dfG5]
hDdf 5g\ . ?g ;S5g\ . lrRofpg
hfGb5g\ t/ dnfO{ rflxF ;a} ldnL
a]va/ kfl//x]5g\ . c ?G5g\ . d
?g ;lSbgF . d eL8nfO{ unxTofP/
nf; glhs k'Ug ;lSbgF . dfG5]xsf]
s?0ffhGo rlt{snfn] dnfO{ Tof] nf;
kl/lrt / nf]slk|o JolStsf] xg'k5{
eGg] nfUg yfn]sf] lyof] . nf;sf]
cg'xf/ x]//] g} d dgsf cgluGtL
k|Zgxsf] hjfkm Ps;fy kfpg]
cfzfdf lyPF . dfG5] x'ge' Gbf kz' x'gd' f
lgsf] dfGg yfn]sf] lyPF . cfkm\gf] xf];\
of cxs} hf] eP klg of] s'g}
;8s gf6s geO{ jf:tljstf g}
ePsf] olsg ug{ eg] d}n] c
lljwfdf x'g' k/]g .
sGkf/f]df b'a} xft nufP/ 6'qm'Ss
a;L emf]lqm/x]F . dfq ;f]rL /x]F .
cg'dfg nufO{ /x]F . ljsNksf af6fx
vf]lh/x]F . st} klg s]xL km]nf kfl/gF .
To;}, To;} cfk"m cfkm}dF f x/fO /x]F .
pg} ldq kbdk|;fb cfP . sfFwdf
xft /fv] . d'06f] p7fPF . pgn] d]/f]
cg'xf/ x]g{ ;s]gg\ . d]/f] dg k9\g
;s]gg\ . d d'v vf]Ng dfq nfUof
lyPF, xQ g kQ 5]lslbPF . clg, cfkm}F
af]Ng vf]h] . pN6} km]l/ eSsflgP .
jfSo lg:s]g . d eg] 7"n} cgLi6
cfOk/]sf] cg'dfg ug{ jfWo ePF .
h] xf];\, af]Ng kfOGg, k|Zg
cf]5o\ fpg e]l6Gg, kfOnf cl3 ;fg{
kfOGg . rf/}lt/af6 lg/\sz
' tfsf
kvf{nxn] 3]l/Psf] 5' . 8\ofDd}
k8\sg] dg eof] . Ps} k6sdf ljikmf]6
x'g] dg cfof] . e|d l;h{gf ug]{ kbf{x
w'hfw'hf kf/]/ ;jf{\u gUg eO{
ax'nfpg] dg eof] . dgdf cf}8fxfsf]
dfqf w]/} eP kl5 afwsx hltsf]
lz/ 5]bg u/L sfnLem}F /ut lkpFb}
cl3 a9\g] dg x'bF f] /x]5 . t/, dg;Fu}
sfd ug{ eg] gldNbf] /x]5 .
c s]xL nfu]g . pgL klg 6'qm'Ss
a;] . d rflxF YofRr} ah|fzgdf g}
a;] . pgL klg df}g, d klg df}g .
ToxL df}gtfsf] cem ulx/fOdf k'Ug]
O/fbfn] cfFvf lrlDnPF / cfpFbf] hfFbf]
Zjf;sf] ;fIfL x'g yfn]F . ;j{l:jsfo{
efjdf /xg] cEof; ug{ yfn]F . To;
avt d o; nf]snfO{ 5f8]/ cGoq}
ljr/0fsf] dxfcleofgdf ;l/s x'bF }
uPF .
To;} avt pgsf] d'vaf6 cfjfh
cfpg z'? uof] of/, afFRg dfq
x}g, dg{ klg cEof; rflxG5 . lagf
cEof;sf] d/0fn] cfgGb lbFb}g .
hLjgdf em}F cfgGb d/0fdf klg 5 .
xfdL Tof] cfgGb glnO{sg} ;lsG5f}F .
hGdg ;Sg]n] dg{ klg ;Sg'k5{ .
cEof;n] hGdg' k 5{ , cEof;n]
dg'k{ 5{ . dfG5] hGdg klg :jtGq
x'gk' 5{, dg{ klg :jtGq /xg'k5{ .
t/, s] ug]{ oxfF dfG5] st}af6 klg
:jtGq 5}g . hGdg'kj" { :jtGq, hGd]
kl5 lkFh8fdf hflsFb} / aGwgdf kmF:b}
hfG5 .
c s]s] eGg] ;'/ lyof] s'lGg
d}n] ;'Gg] w}ot{ f g} u'dfO;s]sf] yfxf

kfP/ pgL p7] . hfFbfhfFb} ;'Gg kfPF


=====dnfO{ w] / } dfof ug] {
;flgdf====s7} = ===pgsf oL
;Gtfg=====.
zflGtsf] ulx/fOtkm{ pGd'v d]/f]
dgdf oL cNk jfSon] cfFwLa]x/L
NofOlbof] . zflGt e\u eof] . gftfdf
pgL xfd|f s]xL xf]Ogg\ . t/, cfdfnfO{
;fgLdf eGy] . af]nL dlt/ g} ;\st]
ePsf] xf] ls eg]/ cflQPF . p7]F .
bu'/]F . dfG5]x /f]Sg yfn], /f]lsOgF,
5]Sg vf]h] 5]lsOgF . s;}nfO{ ws]Nb},
s;}nfO{ s'NrFb,} s;}nfO{ n8fpFb} ToxfF
k'u]F . cg'xf/ lgofNg vf]Hbf t}gfy
;'/IffsdL{n] /f]s] . k'/fg} k|Zg /fv]F .
lg?Q/ . k'g/fj[lQ ubf{ klg hjfkm
gkfP kl5 hf] ; n] cl3 a9] F .
/f]lsOof] . /f]Sg]nfO{ g} o:t/L ws]Fn]
ls pm tLg xft k/ k'u]/ ptfgf]
6f\u nufpg k'Uof] . c ;'/IffsdL{
p;}nfO{ p7fpg Jo:t /x] . ToxL df}sf
d]/f] xftdf lyof] . uP/ nf;sf] lz/
glhs k' u L sk8f p3f/] s f]
t=======================
=====cfdf===d] / L cfdf====lsg
gaf] N g' e fsf] = ====d} n ] s] lj/fPF
cfdf======= dnfO{ 5f8]/ stf hfg
nfUg' ef] cfdf ====cfdf xh'/ a]u/ d
oxfF /xGg cfdf=== hfg] g} eP dnfO{
klg nUg';\ cfdf==== cfdf, lsg
af]Ng'xG' g . d tkfO{s
+ f] dflxnf] 5f]/f] .
d tkfO{+sf] k9]n]v]sf] 5f]/f] cfdf
====cfdf, d]/f] k9]sf] 5f]/f]===dnfO{ ;'v
lbg] 5f]/f] eGg'xG' Yof] lg xf], ToxL 5f]/f]
d cfOk'u]F cfdf hfg]/ lrQ b'vfPsf]
5}g, cGhfgsf] uNtLnfO{ dfkm ulb{g;
' \
cfdf====cfdf, p7\g';\ . d xh'/s}
r/0fsf] bf; eP/ /xg rfxG5' .
===cfdf, dft[;j] s aGg] d]/f] clwsf/
xgg gulb{g;
' =\ ==cfdf, cfdf===
d gfgfefFtLn] ?g, lrRofpg
yfn]F . ;'/IffsdL{n] d]/f rf/} xftkfp
kqm]/ t'n{' u\ kf/] . d cfdflt/ nDsg
5f8\lbgy]F . pgLx dnfO{ cnu /fVg
/ cnu kfg{ rfxGy] . nf;sf] j/k/
/utsf 6f6} 6 f6f lyP . sf] x L
kf] i 6kf6{ d sf nflu ufO{ 3 f6
k'ofpg'kg]{ s'/f /fVb} lyP . sf]xL
of] 3/n] hfh:hf 3f6n] cfOh,
cfOh eGg] pd]/sL dfG5]sf] s]sf]
kf]i6df6{d eGb} lyP . sf]xL ;Ktsf]zL
k'ofP/ nf; hnfpg l9nf] eof] eGb}

xtfl/Fb} lyP . ;a}lt/ cfcfkm\g}


lsl;dsf dtdtfGt/ lyP .
lgSs}a/] sf] k|oTg kl5 d d'St
ePF . nf; afFwa'w u/L af]Sg dfq
afFsL lyof] . afF; sf6\g] v's'/L ToxLF
lyof] . xftdf lnPF . af; ;lxtsf]
nf; p7fPF . 9f8df nf; 5, xftdf
v' s /L 5 . e' l ;of s' s ' / x
tTklQPsf] /ut rf6\g tDtof/
lyP . ;f/f wtL{ g} 8/nfUbf] d'To'
ag]/, dnfO{ rf]S6frf]S6f kf/]/ vfg
pBt ePem}F nfUof] . d lxF8]F . z\v
Psf]xf/f] aHb} uof] . d ;Ktsf]zLsf]
dfu{lt/ geO{ cGoq} nfu]F . dfG5]x
/f]Sg cfP, v's'/L b]vfPF .
To; a]nf d s'ln{Psf] lyPF cl3
ga9, ck/fwLx xf] d]/L cfdfnfO{
o; xfntdf k'ofpg] ltdLx g} xf} .
d gePsf] df}sf kf/L d]/L cfdfnfO{
dfof} . d]/L cfdfnfO{ k6sk6s
df/]sf] d ;xg / b]Vg ;lSbgF . To;}n]
d]/f] af6f]df cj/f]w l;h{gf gu/,
enfO To;}df 5 . ltdLx csf
et'jfxsf] xft ckljq 5, To;
sn\lst xftn] d]/L cfdfsf] kljq
z/L/ 5'g klg kfpGgf}======.
d]/f s'/fn] pgLx kms]{ . d nf;
lnP/ u'xfnL leq k;]F . tn ufO{uf]7
lyof], dfly k/fnvf];]nf / c
lvlq\uldlq\u j:t' /flvPsf] lyof] .
ToxLF cfdfnfO{ 78\ofP/ /fv]F . cfk"m
eg] r/0f:kz{ u/L ToxL em'ls/x]F .
cfdf k|zGg lrQn] d':s'/fO/xg'ePsf]
dx;'; ul//x]F .
kf7sj[ G b, dleqsf] n] v s
hGdG5 / d5{ . c uGyg aGb
ug'{k"j{ d}n] gegL gx'g] s'/f s] xf]
eg] sndn] afF R g] / sndsf]
sdfOkf}/vdf v'zL x'g] ;a} n]vs
x'g,\ ;a} kf7s x'g\ . n]vssf xftaf6
uO;s]sf jf ;fj{hlgs eO;s]sf
/rgfxsf nflu n]vs d5{ / Tof]
kf7ssf] gf;f] ;fljt x'G5 . d}n] klg
gf;f] :jk o'u prfNg] cIf/sdL{sf]
cj;fg ;'Dk]sf] 5' . To;nfO{ s;/L
;'/Iff lbg'k5{ jf cl3sL cfdfsf]
xfnt em}F j]jf:yf efjdf /fVg'k5{,
Tof] k"/fk"/L lhDdf nufpFb} o; kqnfO{
cGt ub{5' .
lnl6n km\nfj/ pRr df=lj=,
/fhlj/fh(, ;Kt/L .
nandalalacharya@gmail.com

xl/t cfjf; of]hgf k|f/De


sf7df8f}F . ;+oS' t /fi6;3+ Lo dfgj
a;f]af; sfo{qmd -o'Pg Xoflj6\of6_ n]
tLg jif{ xl/t cfjf; kl/of]hgf k|f/De
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;xof]udf g]kfndf lbuf] a;f]af; k|j4{g
ug]{ p2]Zon] o'Pg Xoflj6\of6n] pSt
kl/of]hgf ;'? u/]sf] xf] . k/Dk/fut
9n] ejg lgdf{0f ubf{ k|bi" f0fsf ;fy}
hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf sf/stTjsf] j[l4
x'g] ePsfn] xl/t cfjf; lgdf{0f
cEof;df hf]8 lbOPsf] xf] . l;d]G6sf]
;f df6f]sf] k|of]u, :yfgLo txdf kfOg]
v/ / 5\jfFnLsf ;fy} OF6fnfO{ Ansn]
k|lt:yfkg ug]{ k|ljlw jftfj/0f d}qL
Pj+ sd vlr{nf] x'g] ePsfn] xl/t cfjf;
sfo{qmd nfu" ug{ ckl/xfo{ ePsf] o'Pg
Xoflj6\of6n] hgfPsf] 5 . pSt
kl/of]hgfsf] ;x/L ljsf; dGqfnosf
;lrj lszf]/ yfkf, oxfFl:yt o'/f]kn
] L
;+3sf] k|ltlglwd08nsf /fhb"t
cn]ShfG8/ :kflr;, ;f]xL dGqfnosf
;x;lrj ;' / ] z cfrfo{ o' P g
Xoflj6\of6sf If]qLo k|fljlws ;Nnfxsf/
e"if0f t'nfw/, ;f]xL sfof{nocGtu{tsf]
xl/t cfjf; kl/of]hgfsf k|dv
' lkP;
hf]zL, ;x/L ljsf; tyf ejg lgdf{0f
ljefusf dxflgb]z
{ s dx]Gb| ;'Aaf /
g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf k|ltlglw
cf] d /fhe08f/Ln] ;+ o ' S t?kdf
kl/of]hgfsf] z'ef/De u/] . ;lrj yfkfn]
xl/t cfjf;af/] ;j{;fwf/0fn] ga'em]sf

tyf To;k|lt pgLx?sf] a'emfO 3/nfO{


xl/of] / nufpg] eGg] cfk"mn] kfPsf]
pNn]v ub}{ afn'jf, luL, kfgL, jg
k}bfjf/h:tf k|fs[lts ;|ft] sf] cltsd
pkof]uaf6 u[x lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsg] tYo
pgLx?nfO{ cjut u/fpg'kg]d{ f hf]8
lbP . ljZjJofkL cjwf/0ffsf ?kdf
cfPsf] xl/t cfjf;nfO{ :yfgLo txdf
g} a'g'k5{ xl/t cfjf;af/] ;x/
;x/df cleofg ;~rfng ug'k{ g]{ wf/0ff
JoSt ub}{ pGn] eg] . /fhb"t :kflr;n]
kl/of]hgfsf] ;kmn sfof{Gjogdf hf]8
lbFb} To;af6 hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf c;/
36fpg tyf ul/aL Go"gLs/0fdf ;xof]u
k'Ug] ljZjf; JoSt u] . dxflgb]z
{ s
;'Aafn] xl/t cfjf; of]hgf k|j4{g ug]{
p2]Zon] ;/sf/n] /fli6o ejg gLltdf
3/ agfpg] x/]s JolStn] sDtLdf
Pp6f lj?jf /f]Kg'kg]{ afWofTds Joj:yf
ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbP . cy{tGqdf
cfjf; If]qsf] dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg /x]sf]
tyf ;x/L /f]huf/Ldf lgdf{0f pBf]un]
!* k|ltzt :yfg cf]u6]sf] hgfOPsf]
5 . sfo{ q mddf lbOPsf]
hfgsf/Lcg';f/ xfn g]kfndf %$
nfv cfjf;Lo ejg 5g\ eg] ;g\
@)@) ;Dddf g]kfnnfO{ !) nfv 3/
cfjZos kg]{5g\ . xl/t cfjf;
kl/of]hgf sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;+3n]
!) nfv !% xhf/ kfFr;o @% o'/f]
k|bfg u/]sf] xf] .

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

;xsf/Lsf] e"ldsf

;dfg p2]Zo / cfsf+Iff ePsf


JolStx ldn]/ ;+o'St :jfldTj,
;fd"lxs pQ/bfloTj / k|hftflGqs
lgoGq0f k|0ffnLf/f ;b:oxsf]
cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+:s[lts pGglt
ug{ ;~rfng ul/g] :jfoQ pBd g}
;xsf/L xf] . ;xsf/L ;+:yfxn]
lgl:qmokdf 5l/P/ /x]sf] k""hL,
k| l jlw, >d / ;Lksf]
pTkfbgd" n skn] k| o f] u u/L
;b:oxsf] clwsf/ ;dfg /xG5 /
Joj;fosf] hf]lvd / nfesf] lx:;]bf/L
klg nufgLsf cfwf/df ;a}
;b:oxdf ;dfgkdf hfG5 .
l;4fGttM sd k"h
" L ePsf, s]xL ug{
OR5f / rfxgf ePsf t/ PSn} ug{]
cf"6 gePsf sdhf]/ cfly{s cj:yf
ePsf ju{ tyf ef}lts k"jf{wf/ tyf
ljsf;sf cGo k|ltkmnsf] pkef]uaf6
jl~rt ul/Psf ju{ g} o;sf nlIft
ju{ x'g\ . ;xsf/L Jofj;flos k4lt
eP klg o;df gfkmfsf ;fy}
;b:oxnfO{ lbOg] ;]jfdf ljz]if hf]8
lbOPsf] x'G5 / of] g} o;sf] ljlzi6
kIf klg xf] . o;sf] ;kmntfsf] dfkg
;+:yfsf] ljQLo gfkmfeGbf klg o;n]
;b:oxnfO{ k'ofPsf] ;]jf, To;af6
;b:osf] cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs
x} l ;otdf cfPsf] kl/jt{ g sf
cfwf/df x'G5 . ;xsf/Lsf ljZj:t/d}
k|rlnt d"No, dfGotf / l;4fGtx
5g\ h;n] ;b:oxnfO{ pBdL,
Joj;foL, cg' z fl;t, Odfgbf/
agfpg / ;+:yfnfO{ k|hftflGqs 9+un]
;~rfng ug{ dfu{lgb{z ul//x]sf
x' G 5g\ . ;xsf/L ;+ : yfx;" u
;fdflhs pQ/bfloTj ;d]t /x]sf]
x'G5 h;n] ;fdflhs ;b\efj sfod
/fVb} ;d'bfosf] lxt x'g] sfo{df nfUg
k|]l/t ul//x]sf] x'G5 . g]kfnh:tf]
ax' h ftLo, ax' ; f+ : s[ l ts /
cfly{ s kn] ljkGg ju{ x sf]
afx'Notf ePsf] b]zdf ;xsf/L k4lt
emg ;fGble{s / ckl/xfo{ 5 .
;xsf/L If]qn] pTkfbg a[l4,
/f]huf/L l;h{gf, u/LaL lgjf/0f,
;fdflhs PsLs/0fsf dfWodaf6
ljZjsf] cfly{ s tyf ;fdflhs
ljsf;df k'ofPsf] of]ubfgsf] sb/
ug{k' 5{ . o;sf] dxTjnfO{ phfu/ ug{
o; ;DaGwdf Jofks k|;f/k|;f/ ug{

ax;dfly ax;
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;+oS' t /fi6;3+ n] ;xsf/L Joj;fof/f


;d[4 ljZjsf] lgdf{0f eGg] gf/fsf
;fy ;g\ @)!@ nfO{ cGt/f{li6o
;xsf/L jif{sf] kdf dgfpg] sfd
ev{/} ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . ;f]xL gf/fsf]
cg'z/0f ub}{ g]kfndf klg utjif{
;xsf/L Joj;fof/f ;d[4 g]kfnsf]
lgdf{0f eGg] gf/fsf ;fy /fli6o
;xsf/L lbj; dgfOof] . clxn] %^
cf}+ /fli6o ;xsf/L lbj;sf] gf/f
:jfwLg cy{tGqsf] nflu ;xsf/L
rog ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnsf] cGtl/d
;+ljwfg @)^# n] ;/sf/L If]q, lghL
If]q / ;xsf/L If]qsf] dfWodaf6
b]zsf] cfly{s ljsf; ug{ sNkgf
u/]cg';f/ lqjifL{o of]hgfdf klg oL
ltg} If] q nfO{ cfly{ s ljsf;sf
;Djfxssf] kdf lnOPsf] 5 .
h;nfO{ ;/sf/sf] tLgvDa] cy{gLlt
klg elgG5 . ;xsf/LnfO{
k|fyldstfdf /fVb} o;s} dfWodaf6
u/LaL lgjf/0f ug{ gof" ;f]rsf ;fy
;xsf/L tyf u/LaL lgjf/0f
dGqfnosf] :yfkgf eO{ sfo{qmdx
;~rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ .
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;DaGwdf lnPsf] gLlt / ;xsf/L
lbj;sf ;Gbe{ d f to u/] s f
gf/fxnfO{ cWoog ubf{ lgDg cfly{s
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/ ;xsf/Ldf /x] s f] k" " h LnfO{
pTkfbgzLn If]qdf nufgL u/L /fli6o
cy{tGqdf o;sf] of]ubfgdf j[l4 ug{
ck]Iff ul/Psf] ;xh} a'g ;lsG5 .
/fli6o ;xsf/L lbj; dgfO/x]sf] o;
;Gbe{df /fli6o cy{tGqnfO{ :jflwg
agfpg /fHon] u/]sf] ck]Iff /
;xsf/L ;+3;+:yfxn] lgjf{x ug'k{ g]{
e"ldsfnfO{ d'VotM lgDg ljifodf
s]lGb|t ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . :yfgLo
;b\efjgfsf cfwf/df pTkfbgsf ;a}
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b'Uw, dT:o, dfx'/L, lrof, skmL, pv',
cb'jf, a];f/, h8La'6L, hnljB't

cflbdf ;xsf/Lsf] ;+nUgtf / lj:tf/


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cfjZos ljQLo tyf cGo ;]jf k|bfg
u/L ;b:onfO{ pBdLJoj;foL
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k|0ffnLdfkm{t\ pTkfbgof]Uo ;a} e"ldsf]
pkof]u ug{ . pTkfbgd"ns If]qdf
nufgL a[ l 4 ub} { s[ l ifhGo /
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Joj;fodfkm{t\ pTkfbg j[l4 ug{ /
cfoft k| l t:yfkg ub} { b] z nfO{
cfTdlge{/ agfpg] . /f]huf/Lsf
cj;/xsf] l;h{gf ub}{ a]/f]huf/Lsf]
;d:of sd ug{ / pko' S t
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/ ;Dk|bfosf aLr ;fdflhs ;b\efj
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@& xhf/ ;xsf/L ;+ 3 ;+ : yfx
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a9L hgtf ;xsf/Ldf cfj4 5g\ .
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% nfveGbf a9L JolStnfO{ ck|ToIf
/f]huf/L k|fKt ePsf] 5 . ;xsf/L
;+3;+:yfxaf6 @ va{eGbf a9L
art / nufgL kl/rflnt ePsf] 5 .
s[lifnfO{ Joj;foLs/0f u/L s[lifhGo
kbfy{sf] pTkfbgdf a[l4;d]t ePsf]
5 eg] b'UwhGo / df;'hGo kbfy{sf]
cfk"lt{df klg of]ubfg lbO/x]sf 5g\ .
t/ klg h' g lx;fan] ;xsf/L
;+:yfxsf] ;+VofTds a[l4 eO/x]sf]

5 ;f] x L cg' k ftdf /fHosf]


ck]Iffcg'k o; If]qaf6 of]ubfg x'g
;ls/x]sf] 5}g . Psflt/ zx/L If]qdf
/x] s f art tyf C0f ;xsf/L
;+:yfx;"u /x]sf] k"h
" Lsf] 7"nf] lx:;f
cg'Tkfbs If]qdf nufgL eO/x]sf] 5
eg] csf]{lt/ u|fdL0f:t/df ;~rflnt
s[ l if / pTkfbgd" n s ;xsf/L
;+:yfx;"u nufgL ug{ k""hLsf]
cefjsf sf/0f b]lvg] u/L 7"nf] dfqfdf
pTkfbgsf sfd ug{;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ .
To;}n] clxn]sf] k|d'v r'gf}tL g}
;xsf/L ;+:yfx;"u /x]sf] k""hLnfO{
s;/L pTkfbgd"ns If]qdf nufgL ug{
/ o;sf dfWodaf6 pTkfbg a[l4 /
/f]huf/Lsf cj;/x l;h{gf ug{' eGg]
g} xf] . o;sf nflu d'Vokdf ;xsf/L
;+3;+:yfx g} cu|;/ /xg'kb{5 .
/fHon] klg o;nfO{ cy{tGqsf] k|d'v
If]qsf] kdf :jLsf/ ul/;s]kl5
o;sf] ljsf; / k|j4{gsf nflu 7f];
gLlt / sfo{qmdx Nofpg'kb{5 .
xfn;Dd ;xsf/LxnfO{ dfu{lgb]z
{ ug{
/fHosf] ;f]r / cjwf/0ffsf ;fy
;xsf/L gLlt th'{df x'g ;ls/x]sf]
5}g eg] ;xsf/L P]g lgodx klg
xfnsf] cfjZostfcg';f/ kl/dfh{g
x' g ;s] s f 5} g g\ . o;sf nflu
;/sf/nfO{ /rgfTds ;'emfj lbg] /
cfjZostfcg';f/ ;sf/fTds bafa
lbg] bfloTj ;xsf/L cleofgsf] g]tT[ j
ug{ ljifout s]lGb|t ;+3x / /fli6o
;xsf/L ;+3sf] g} xf] . o;sf nflu
g] t [ T jstf{ x ljleGg cf:yf /
k" j f{ u | x af6 d' S t / ;xsf/Lk| l t
Odfgbf/ x'g h?/L 5 .
cGtdf, ;xsf/L ;+3;+:yfxnfO{
;Ifd, ;jn, cfTdlge{/ ;dfj]zL
' If]qsf]
agfp"b} /fli6o cy{tGqsf] k|dv
kdf :yflkt ug{ :jflwg cy{tGqsf
nflu ;xsf/L eGg] gf/fnfO{ ;fy{s
t'Nofpg /fHo / ;xsf/L If]q b'as
} f]
;+oS' t k|ltj4tf / k|of;sf] cfjZostf
5 . t/ klg ;xsf/LsdL{xn] a'g'kg]{
s'/f s] xf] eg] ;xsf/L ;+:yfx :jfoQ
;+:yfx x'g,\ logLxsf] nflu pko'St
jftfj/0f tof/ ul/lbg] sfd /fHosf]
eP klg ;xsf/LnfO{ Joj;flos prfOdf
k' ofpg] k| d ' v bfloTj ;xsf/L
;+3;+:yfx / o;sf] g]tT[ jstf{xsf]
g} xf] .

ljZj a}s
+ f/f 5 ca{ ;xof]u
sf7df8f}F . hnjfo' kl/jt{g / vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL b'O{j6f kl/of]hgf
sfof{Gjog ug{]ljZj a}+sn] ?= 5 ca{ ^( s/f]8 ^) nfv pknAw u/fpg]
ePsf] 5 . hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf sf/0f pTkGg x'g] hf]lvd sd ug{ pSt
a}+sn] ?= b'O{ ca{ ^& s/f]8 *) nfv / g]kfn s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff
sfo{qmd sfof{Gjogsf nflu ?= rf/ ca{ !* s/f]8 k|bfg ug]{ ;xdlt
hgfPsf] xf] . hnjfo' kl/jt{g;DaGwL sfo{qmdsf nflu k|bfg ul/g] pSt
/sddWo] ? ! ca{ @( s/f]8 (! nfv %) xhf/ C0f ;xfotf xf] eg] afFsL
/sd cg'bfg xf] . cfufdL kfFr jif{leq sfo{qmd sfof{Gjog ul/;Sg] of]hgf
/x]sf] 5 . C0f tyf cg'bfg ;xfotf;DaGwL ;Demf}tfkqdf cy{dGqfnodf
cfof]lht sfo{qmddf oxfFl:yt ljZj a}+ssf k|aGws tfxl;g ;}ob /
cy{dGqfnosf ;lrj zfGt/fh ;'j]bLn] x:tfIf/ u/] . hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf
sf/0f ;[hgf x'g] ;d:ofsf] hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfonfO{ df};d tyf
af9L;DaGwL eljiojf0fL tyf r]tfjgL lbg] hn tyf df};d lj1fg
ljefunufot ;/sf/L lgsfosf] Ifdtf clej[l4, s[lif Joj:yfkg ;"rgf
k|0ffnLsf] ljsf;df vr{ ul/g]5 . s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff sfo{qmdcGtu{t
;'b"/ tyf dWoklZrdf~rn ljsf; If]qsf !( lhNnfsf kxf8L e]udf s[lif
/ kz' pTkfbsTj j[l4sf ;fy} ue{jtL Pj+ b'O{ jif{d'lgsf lzz'sf] kf]if0f
cj:yfdf ;'wf/ Nofpg k|of]u ul/g]5 . ;f] cj;/df k|aGws ;}obn]
g]kfnsf] ;fdflhscfly{s ljsf;sf nflu a}s
+ n] ;Sbf] ;xof]u ub}}{ cfPsf]
tyf To;nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] k|lta4tf JoSt ub}{ cfufdL kfFr jif{sf
lglDt k|bfg ul/Psf] ;xof]u /sdaf6 nlIft pknlAw xfl;n x'g] ljZjf;
JoSt u/] . ;lrj ;'j]bLn] hnjfo' kl/jt{g;DaGwL kl/of]hgfsf lglDt
cfly{s ;xof]u kfpg] gf}j6f d'n'sdWo]sf] g]kfn klg ePsf] hfgsf/L lbFb}
jftfj/0f, lj1fg tyf k|ljlw dGqfnon] hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf hf]lvd 36fpg
;+j]bgzLn eP/ sfd ug{'kg]{df hf]8 lbP .

kG5Lx?sf] aw ug]{ tyf df;'sf] pkef]u ug]{ k|j[lQ kl/jt{g u/f}+ .


a8{km\ n h:tf kG5LhGo /f]ux?sf] lgoGq0fdf ;xefuL agL,
cfk"m klg arf}+ ;dfhnfO{ klg arfcf}+ .
kG5Lx?sf] aw 3/aflx/ kfgLsf] ;|f]teGbf 6f9f ug]{ u/f}F .
s'v'/f sf6]kl5 e'OF /fd|f];Fu kvfNg], k'5\g] -lg;+qmd0f_ u/f}F .
aw ul/;s]kl5 s'v'/f tyf sfFrf] df;'sf] n;k;af6 afnaflnsfx?nfO{
6f9} /fvf}F .
df;' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/, ;'nL, Kjfn cflbnfO{ hyfefjL gkmfnL
vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}F .
s'v'/f;Fusf] n;k; tyf df;' sf6\g] sfd ;lsPkl5 ;fa'g kfgLn] /fd|f];Fu
xft w'g] u/f}F .
leqL efu;Dd /fd|f];Fu kfs]sf] s'v'/fsf] df;' dfq vfg] u/f}F .
la/fdL jf d/]sf s'v'/fsf] df;' s'g} klg cj:yfdf vfg] gu/f}F .
c08fsf] leqL;Dd ;fx|f] x'g] cj:yf;Dd pdfn]/ of ksfP/ vfg] u/f}F .

a8{km\ n' /f]usf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fdf xfdL ;a}sf] k|lta4tf


g]kfn ;/sf/

nf]8;]l8 lbgdf cf7 306f dfq} c;f/b]lv b'O{ /sf Uof; l;ln08/

s[lif tyf ;xsf/L dGqfno kz' ;]jf ljefu

sf7df8f} F . g] k fn ljB' t \
k|flws/0fn] b}lgs b'O{sf b/n]
nf] 8 ;] l 8 36fPsf] 5 . cfh
cfOtaf/af6 nfu" x' g ] u/L
k|flws/0fn] ca lbgdf cf7 306f
dfq nf]8;]l8 ug]{ ePsf] xf] .
ljB't\ pTkfbgdf ;'wf/ cfPkl5
b}lgs b'O{ 306f nf]8;]l8 36fpg
nfu]sf] k|flws/0fn] hgfPsf] 5 .

Pleog OGk\mn'oGhf lgoGq0f cfof]hgf

s]xL lbg cl3b]lv c3f]lift ?kdf


nf]8;]l8 36fpFb} cfP klg cfhb]lv
cf}krfl/s ?kdf nfu" ug{ nfu]sf]
k|flws/0fn] hgfPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do
sflnu08sL, dWodof{\bLnufotsf
cGo ;fgf cfof]hgfaf6 pTkfbg a9]sf]
/ lxpF kUn]/ gbLdf hn:t/ a9]kl5
pTkfbgdf ;'wf/ cfPsf] k|flws/0fn]
hgfPsf] 5 .

n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf


o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sfzgfy{
/fli6o cGt/f{li6o dxTjsf n]v, /rgf /
tl:j/x pknAw u/fO{ ;xof]u k'ofpg'
x'g ;DalGwt ;a}df cg'/f]w ul/G5 . k|fKt
;dfrf/ / /rgfx k|sflzt ug]{ gug]{
;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ ;Dkfbsdf lgxLt x'g5
] .
k|sflzt gePsf ;fdu|Lx lkmtf{ gul/g]
ePsfn] cfk"m;Fu d"nk|lt /fv]/ dfq
k7fpg'xf]nf .

If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs
yfkfufp, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!

E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com

sf7df8f}F . cfpFbf] c;f/ ! ut]bl] v


vfgf ksfpg] UofF;sf] b'Oy{ l/ l;ln08/
nfu" x'g] ePsf] 5 . c;f/ ! ut]bl] v
3/fo;L k|of]hgsf nflu /ftf] /
Joj;flos k|of]hgsf nflu gLnf] /sf
l;ln08/ k|of]udf NofOg] g]kfn cfon
lgudsf k|jStf lzj k'8f;}gLn] hfgsf/L
lbP . o;cl3 kmfu'gb]lv b'Oy{ l/ Uof;sf]
Joj:yf nfu" ug]{ eg] klg Joj;foL;Fu
s'/f gldg]nkl5 /f]lsPsf] lyof] . clxn]
cfk"lt{ dGqfnonufot ;/f]sf/jfnf ;a}

;lqmo ePsfn] b'Oy{ l/ UofF; l;ln08/


nfu" ug{] tof/L ul/Psf] cfon lgudn]
hgfPsf] 5 . cfon lgudn] ;fj{hlgs
;" r gf lgsfnL h] 7 d;fGt;Dd
cfjZos k|lqmof k"/f ug{ ;/f]sf/jfnf
;a}nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . lgudn]
k|dfl0ft laqm]tfnfO{ UofF; kmf/d pknAw
u/fpg / pkef]Stfsf] hfgsf/Lsf nflu
cfgf laqm]tfsf] gfd 7]ufgf;lxtsf]
;fj{hlgs ;"rgf lgsfNg pBf]uLnfO{
cfu|x u/]sf] 5 .

dfgl;s /f]uLsf] pkrf/ ug{ cg'dlt lng'kg]{


sf7df8f} F . rLgdf dfgl;s
/f] u LnfO{ pkrf/ ;' ? ug{ c l3
pgLx?sf] ;xdlt lng' k g{ ]
Joj:yf;lxtsf] P]g sfof{Gjogdf
NofOPsf] 5 . uPsf] cS6' a /df
rLgsf] P3f/f}F g]zgn lkk'N; sfFu;
]| n]
kfl/t u/]sf] o:tf] Joj:yf;lxtsf]
P]g nfu" ePsf] xf] . P]gn] uDeL/
k|sl[ tsf] dfgl;s /f]u tyf la/fdLn]
cfkm}FnfO{ of c? JolStnfO{ xfgL
k'ofpg ;Sg] cj:yfdf afx]s Ps
/ft of a9L ;do;Dd pkrf/
u/fpg'kg]{ ePdf la/fdLsf] :jLs[lt
lng'kg]{ Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . To:tf]
pkrf/ ;]jf pgLx?n] :j]R5fn] dfq}
lng]5g\ . P]gn] :jf:Yo ;+:yfx?n]
la/fdLsf] l8:rfh{ x'g kfpg] dfusf]
;Ddfg ug{k' g]{ Joj:yf klg u/]sf]

5 . P]gcg';f/ dfgl;s /f]uLsf]


ul/df, JolStut ;' / Iff of
;DklQdfly s'g} klg x:tIf]k ug{
kfOg] 5}g . :jf:Yo ;+:yf tyf JolStn]
pgLx?sf] st{Jo kfngfsf nflu afx]s
c? k|of]hgsf nflu dfgl;s ?kdf
czSt JolStsf] uf]kgLotf sfod
ug{'kg]{ P]gn] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 .

5f]/f;/x
5f]/LnfO{ klg
:s'n k9\g
k7fcf} + .

a"9fgLns07, sf7df8f},F kmf]gM $^%)!@&, $^%)$(!

dfgj a]rlavglj?4
;f/f g]kfnL Ps
xf] c f} + .

g] k fn ;/sf/
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu

/fatOfc t]u @@ vfzj} nf; )&)@

dfcf]jfbLn]===
===
pgn] eg] /fli6o :jfwLgtfsf] /Iff
/ hgtfnfO{ clwsf/ ;DkGg ug]{ b'O{
dfu xfd|f x'g\ . o'4 rfxFbg} f}F eg] xfdLn]
/fv]sf] dfu k'/f u/ . ;/sf/n]
xltof/ lkmtf{ ug{ lbPsf]
;do;Ldfk|lt ;]t ub}{ pgn] eg],
;/sf/n] dfcf]jfbL;Fu ePsf] @@
j6f xltof/ a'emfp elg/x]sf] 5 .
Tolt xltof/n] s] x'G5 / To:tf @@
j6f xltof/ t oxfF Pp6} 8gn] /fv]sf
5g\ . sfo{qmddf dhb'/ dxf;+3sf
;+of]hs /fdbLk cfrfo{n] @% ;'qLo
dfu k"/f u/fpg cleofg ;'? ug{
nfluPsf] hfgsf/L lbFb} cfk"mx?sf]
;xdltlagf ul/g] s'g} klg ;Demf}tf
gdfGg] pNn]v u/] .
o;}u/L, d] lbj;sf] cj;/df
emfkfsf] latf{df]8df kf6L{n] cfof]hgf
u/]sf] sfo{qmddf g]skfdfcf]jfbLsf
pkfWoIf ;LkL uh'/n
] uf}/an] d+l;/df
klg ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg x'g
g;Sg] atfPsf 5g\ . ;+lawfg;efsf]
lgjf{rgn] o;cl3sf ;/sf/n] u/]sf
/fi6 3 ftL ;lGw;Demf} t fnfO{
a}wflgstf lbg] ePsfn] lgjf{rg x'g}
glbg] pgn] atfP . pkfWoIf uf}/an]
;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg gcfpg]
k|dfl0ft eO;s]sf] cj:yfdf km]l/
r'gfjsf] s'/f ug's
{ f] s'g} cy{ gx'g]
atfP . xfdL h'g k|lqmofcGtu{t
zflGt / ;+ljwfg k|fKt x'G5 eg]/
k|j]z u/]sf lyof}F, Tof] c;kmn
eO;Sof] pkfWoIf uf}/an] eg] ca
km]l/ ToxLF k|lqmofsf] k5fl8 nfUg'
eg]sf] hgtfnfO{ cem d"v{ agfpg'
xf] . cfgf] kf6L{sf] bafasf sf/0f
c;f/df ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg x'g
g;s]sf] bfjL ub}{ uf}/an] d+;L/df
klg lgjf{rg x'g glbg] 7f]sj' f u/] .
;efdf pkl:yt sfo{stf{nfO{ pgn]
s'g} xfntdf ;+lawfg;efsf] lgjf{rg
x'g glbg] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ lgb]z
{ g
lbP . ;+lawfg;efsf] lgjf{rg eP
o;cl3 ;/sf/n] u/]sf /fi63ftL
lg0f{on] a}wflgstf kfpg] pgn]
atfP . uf}/an] hgtfsf] kIfdf
gePsf] laKkf ;Demf}tf, hgd'lSt
;]gfsf] la36g / k|wfgGofofwLznfO{
;/sf/ k|dv
' agfpg] lg0f{o /fi63ftL
sfd ePsf] pNn]v u/] . xfdL s'g}
xfntdf To;nfO{ a}wflgs agfpg]
kIfdf 5}gf}F pgn] eg] /fli6o
:jfwLgtfsf] ljkIfdf clGtd ;f;
/x'Gh]n ;Demf}tf ub{}gf}F . pkfWoIf
uf}/an] cGof}ntfsf] k|d'v sf/0f
k|r08 / afa'/fd ePsf] atfP .
afa'/fdn] ;+lawfg;ef e u/fP,
k|r08n] hgd'lSt ;]gf la36g u/]
pgn] eg] To;otfsf] cGof}ntfsf]
sf/0f ltg} b'O{hgf x'g\ . rf/ bnLo
l;l08s]6n] u/]sf] s'g} lg0f{o cfgf]
kf6L{nfO{ dfGo gx'g] pgn] bf]xf]ofP .
k|r08sf] ef/t e|d0faf/] 6LKk0fL ub}{
uh'/]nn] of] e|d0f ef/tf/f ;+/If0f
lbPsf n]08'k bf]h]{sf] e|d0f h:tf]
dfq ePsf] atfP . l;lSsdsf
tTsflng sf+u|]; g]tf n]08'k bf]h]{n]
l;lSsd ef/tnfO{ a'emfPsf] af/] rrf{
ub} { pgn] eg] g] k fnsf rf/
n]08'kx?nfO{ s'g} xfntdf ;kmn x'g
lbFbg} f}F . g]kfndf ljb]zLnfO{ gful/stf
lbP/ pgLx?sf] ax' d t agfpg
vf] l hPsf] eGb} Totfaf6 klg
lkmhLs/0fsf] k|of; eO/x]sf] uf}/an]
atfP . ;f] sfo{qmddf kf6L{sf kf]ln6Ao'/f]
;b:o v8\uaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ k|sf08,
lnDa'jfg /fHo ;ldltsf OGrfh{ OGb|
cfUaf] df};d, ls/ft /fHosf kbdf
/fO ljsf; / sf]lrnf /fHosf ;fljqL
s'df/ sfn]nufotsf g]tfx?sf]
pkl:ylt lyof] .

===
eQmk'/sf===
pgLx?n] Go"gtd ;t{;d]t kfngf
gu/]sf] kfOPsf] ljefusf lgb]{zs
8f= o'jsWjh hL;Ln] atfP . pgsf
cg';f/ ;~rfnsn] k|To]s jif{ ;do
;dodf efn] kmfNg] w"jfFaf6 x'g]
k| b " i f0f dfkg ug{ ' k g] { eP klg
clwsf+zn] k|b"if0f dfkg gu/]sf] /
Go"gtd k"jf{wf/;d]t tof/ gu/]sf]
kfOPsf] 5 . cg'udg 6f]nLn] k|b"if0f
dfkgsf nflu ef Joj;foL ;+3nfO{
clu|d hfgsf/L u/fP/ k|fljlws

===
sd{rf/L===
;Daf]wg ug{ ;Sb}g . cflbjf;L
hftLo If]qLo dxf;+3sf dxf;lrj
;'/z
] cfn] du/n] ;j{kIfLo uf]nd]r
;Dd]ng jf a}7s u/]/ dfq} lgsf;
lgsfNg ;lsg] atfP . pgn]
sd{rf/Lsf] ;/sf/ lj36g geO{
/fhgLlts ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g g;Sg]
bfaL u/] . pgn] eg], clxn] x'g]
elgPsf] r'gfjn] hgtfsf] ;+ljwfg
lbg]jfnf 5}g . /fi6klt / rf/ bnLo
l;l08s]6n] d'n'sdf ;d:of cfPsf]
bfjL ub}{ eg], ca klg ;+ljwfg;efsf
xTof/fx?n] ug] { elgPsf]
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgn] ;+ljwfg
n]Vg g;Sg] atfP . pgn] ljleGg
lgjf{rgsf] ljj/0f lbFb} eg], of] 1fg]Gb|
/ jfa'/fdf/f 3f]lift r'gfj h:t}
xf], o;sf] s]xL dxTj 5}g . ;fdflhs
nf]stflGqs kf6L{sf cWoIf d08nsf
;b:o kf;f z]kf{n] rf/ bn c;kmn
eO;s]sfn] bnn] c?nfO{ sfd nfpg
gldNg] ts{ u/] . clxn] ;+3Lotf
lj/f]wLx?sf] if8\oGqsf sf/0f o:tf]
;d:of ePsf] 5 pgn] eg] . clxn]sf
k|wfgdGqL lvn/fh /]UdL klg ;+ljwfg
;efsf] xTof/f ePsfn] pgn] r'gfj
u/fpg g;Sg] bfjL ub}{ pgn] k|dv
'
/fhg}lts bnx? cg}lts ePsf] klg
atfP . ;+a}wflgs, /fhg}lts /
;fdflhs ;+s6df /x]sf] ;/sf/sf
sf/0f cfly{s ;+s6 kg{]jfnf 5
z] k f{ s f] yk egfO{ 5 . o:t}
;/f]sf/jfnf gu]Gb| /fO{n] ;/sf/;Fu
cflbjf;L hghfltn] u/] s f
;Demf}tfx? sfo{Gjog gePsf] t/
To;nfO{ nfu" gul/Psf] atfP . km]l/
klg r'gfjsf] gf6s eO/x]sf] 5 pgn]
eg], of] ;/sf/sf] cfxgnfO{ cj1f
ub}{ gofF k|lqmofsf] nflu cfGbf]ngdf
pqg'kg]{ a]nf cfof] . cflbjf;L ;+oS' t
;+3if{ ;ldltsf ;lrj g/axfb'/
u'?n] /fi6kltn] ;d]t hghfltnfO{
pk]Iff u/]sf] lhls/ u/] . pgn] o;sf]
c;/ casf lbgx?df b]lvg] bfaL
klg u/] . o;/L dfcf]jfbL;lxtsf
## bn dfq xf]Og, cflbjf;L hghflt
klg lj/f]wdf /x]sf] / d'Vo bnx?leq
klg zlSt ;Gt' n g / cfF s ng
lglZrt /x]sfn] d+l;/df ;d]t r'gfj
x' g g;Sg] lgisif{ ljleGg
ljZn]ifsx?n] lgsfNg yfn]sf 5g\ .
o:tf] cj:yfdf 8jnLdf ;xefuLx?n]
eg] casf] lgsf;sf] dfu{ eg]sf]
cljnDa /fil6o 5nkmn / ;xdlt
g} xf] eGg] b]lvPsf] 5 .

ljb]z===
dxflwj]zg ;lsPsf] w]/} dlxgf
lalt;Sof] t/ vf]O{ Tof] pTkfbg
lj|u]8sf] ;+Vof / cfsf/ slt k'u]sf]

5, sf]xL af]n]sf] 5}g / s;}n] k|Zg


p7fpg] lxDdt u/]sf] 5}g . sf/0f
hghfx]/ g} 5 ls Tof] k|:6 ?kdf
jf}l4s 7uL g} lyof] .
clxn] k|r08sf] ef/t / rLg
e|d0fsf] lgs} rrf{ rln/x]sf] 5 .
jf:tjdf pgsf] e| d 0f g] k fnL
hgtfsf nflu sfunfO{ j]n kfSof]
xif{ g lj:dft\ h:t} dfq 5 . t/
uDeL/ / ;+jb] gzLn k|Zg oxfF 5 ls
pgn] cfgf] s'l;{sf nflu s] s:tf
uf]Ko / /fi63ftL ;Demf}tf ug]{ x'g\
eGg]df dfq hgrf;f] s]lGb|t 5 .
pgsf] rLg e|d0f;Fu Tolt w]/} 8/fpg'
kb}{g lsgls Tof] vfnL k|rf/fTds
dfq 5 . t/ d'Vo 8/ / lrGtf pgsf]
ef/t e|d0f;Fu dfGg' kg]{ x'G5 . 7Ls
5, pgn] rLg / ef/tsf] cfly{s
;xof] u sf] jiff{ g} u/fpg] ukm
nufpg, To;df kTofpg]x? kTofpg
Tof] pgLx?s} sdhf]/L xf], xfdLnfO{
cfkQL 5}g . t/ vf;u/L ef/t
e| d 0fdf ug] { ul/Psf uf] K o
;Demf}tfx? k|lt dfq xfd|f] rf;f] /xg]
5 . xfdLnfO{ klg v';L nfu]sf] 5
ls rLgdf k|r08sf] lgs} 7"nf] :jfut
ul/P5 . ljb]zL /fi6fWoIf vf;u/L
cd]/Lls /fi6kltx?nfO{ /fVg] xf]6ndf
pgnfO{ /flvP5 . pgnfO{ le cfO{
lk vfgfsf kl/sf/ / /S;L v'jfP/
:jfut u/]sf]df uj{ nfu]sf] 5 .
Toltdfq xf] O g, rLgsf
;~rf/dfWoddf klg lgs} :yfg /
dxTj lbPsf]df v';L g} nfu]sf] 5 .
ef/t e|d0fdf klg ToxL g} xf];\ eGg]
sfdgf 5 . t/ d'Vo lrGtf pgn]
km] / L klg s' g } /fi6 3 ftL uf] K o
;Demf}tfx? gu?g\ .
jf:tjdf k|r08n] cfgf] ljb]z
e|d0fsf] dfWodaf6 cfgf ;dsIfL
8f= afa'/fd e/fO{nfO{ s]xL xb;Dd
cf]em]ndf kfg{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\ .
pgn] cfgf] e|d0fnfO{ kf6L{ut dfq
geO{ /fli6 o k| l tlglwsf ?kdf
kl/eflift u/]/ csf]{ cfTds]lGb|t
JofVof u/]sf 5g\ . cfg} dxf;lrj
kf]i6 a= jf]u6Lsf] e|d0f kf6L{ut
eGg] l6Kk0fLnfO{ wf]tL nufOlbPsf
5g\ . hasL pgn] cfgf] e|d0fnfO{
/fli6o eGgsf nflu s'g} x}l;ot
b]lvFbg} , g pgL ;/sf/ k|dv
' x'g\ g
t pgLx?n] g} eGg] u/]sf] pRr
:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGqsf ;+of]hs
g} . hgtfnfO{ hlt ;lsG5 e|ddf
kf/]/} eP klg cfk"mnfO{ zf;s jf
zlQmzfnL JolQm agfO /fVg] rfxgf
cg';f/ o:tf] cleJolQm cfPsf] ;xh}
a'g ;lsG5 . ;f/df eGg] xf] eg]
k|r08sf nflu vf;df ef/t e|d0f
g} lg0ff{os nfu]sf] x'g'k5{ . lsgeg]
g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf d'VotM ef/tLo
x:tIf]k g} lg0ff{os 5 . of] e|d0faf6
pgsf d'Vo b'Oj{ 6f p2]Zo 5g\ l:
klxnf] xf] ;Qfsf nflu uf]Ko ;Demf}tf
/ bf];|f] xf] r'gfjsf nflu cfly{s
;xof]u . cfly{s ;xof]u eGgfn]
vf;u/L kf6L{sf vf;vf; g]tfx?nfO{
lhtfpgsf nflu uf]Ko ?kdf lnOg]
gub ;xof]u eGg] a'g' k5{ . Tof]
eGbf a9L s]xL pknAwL xf]nf eGg]
cfz ul/Pdf Tof] sdhf]/L dfq x'G5 .
klxnf klxnf pgsf uf]Ko jftf{x?
l;fk'/, a}+ss lt/ x'g] ub{y] Tof]
klg b"t dfkm{t\ eg] clxn] l;wfl;wf
e|d0fsf] dfWodaf6 x'g] ub{5 .
k| r 08n] rLg uP/ lqb] z Lo
;fem]bf/L jf ef/t / rLgsf] ;+o'Qm
nufgLsf] k|:tfjsf] xf}jf lk6fP . Tof]
k|:tfjdf rLg ;sf/fTds eP klg
ef/tn] s' 6 gLlts c;xdltsf]
efiffdf egLxfNof] k| : tfj
;sf/fTds 5 t/ cem} a]nf ePsf]
5} g . s' 6 gLlts k| l tlqmofnfO{
a'g]x?sf nflu o;sf] l;wf cy{ xf]
of] x'bF g} / ltdL Hofb} ckl/kSj
5f} . jf:tjdf of] k| l tlqmofn]
k|r08sf] k|:tfjnfO{ ckl/kSj /
s]6f}n]sf] ;+1f lbFb} ckdflgt u/]sf]
5 eg]/ a'g' ;a}eGbf ;xL / 7]6
a'emfO{ x'G5 . lglZrt s'/f s] xf] eg]
g] k fnsf] ljsf;sf nflu rLg
ef/t;Fu ldn]/ ;+o'Qm nufgL ug]{
s'/fdf ;sf/fTds 5 t/ ef/t
slxNo} Tof] dfGg]jfnf 5}g . ef/tsf]
:jfy{ g]kfndf g t ljsf; xf], g t
zflGt / l:y/tf g} .

h] xf];\, k|r08sf] rLg / ef/t


e|d0f ;Dd cfOk'Ubf s] ;xL k'li6
ePsf] 5 eg] k|r08 clxn] klg
cfk"mnfO{ /fi6fWoIf g} 7flg/x]sf 5g\ .
pgn] cfgf] e|d0fnfO{ kf6L{ut klg
eGg g;sL k|wfgdGqL jf /fi6kltn]
u/]sf] e|d0fs} ?kdf JofVof u/] .
yfxf 5}g, ef/t / rLgn] pgnfO{
s'g x}l;otdf lgDtf lbP, t/ b]zleq
pgsf] j}wflgs x}l;ot eg]sf] Pp6f
kf6L{sf] cWoIf x'g\ eGg] dfq xf] . g
t pgn] cfgf] e|d0fsf Ph]08fx?sf]
af/]df ;/sf/;Fu g} ;Nnfx u/] g t
/fhgLlts bnx?;Fu g} . pgs}
zAbdf cfgf] e|d0fsf] Ps;"qLo
Ph]08f cfly{s ;xof]u eg]sf 5g\ .
kl5 ;+ l jwfg;efsf] lgjf{ r g
tTsfnsf] Ph]08f xf] klg eg]sf 5g\ .
cGTodf eGg' kbf{ k|r08sf] rLg
/ ef/t e|d0f g]kfnL hgtfsf nflu
sfunfO{ j]n kfSof] xif{ g lj:dft\
h:t} dfq xf] . g]kfnL g]tf x'g'sf
gftfn] pgn] ljb]zdf kfPsf] :jfutsf
nflu xfdL ;a} v';L g} 5f}F . t/
ljb]zLx? ;Fu lev dfu]/ b]zsf]
ljsf; u5'{, cfly{s qmflGt u5'{ /
pTkfbg lj|u]8 agfpF5' eGg] vf]qmf]
;kgf gafF8\g' /fd|f] x'G5 . xfdLn]
b]lv;Sof}F vf]qmf cf:jf;gnfO{ s;}n]
kTofpg] jfnf 5}gg\ . km]/L klg
;kgfsf] 7uL gug{ pgnfO{ r]tfjgL
lbg rfxG5f}F . e|d0fx? c;fdfGo
xf]Ogg\ a? lgoldt / ;fdfGo k|lqmof
dfq x'g\ . s;}sf] e|d0fn] dfq g]kfndf
cfly{s qmflGt jf ljsf; ;Dej x'G5
eGg] h:tf] e|dsf] v]lt gu/f}F . ;f/df
eGbf e|d0fsf] /fhgLltnfO{ aGb
u/f}F . e|d0faf6 h] hlt pknlAw x'g
;S5, Tof] dfq k|rf/ u/f}F . km]/L klg
e|d0fsf] lgx'Fdf cfly{s qmflGt ug]{,
u/La hgtfnfO{ ;d[ 4 agfpg] ,
pTkfbg lj|u]8 agfpg] h:tf a'h'{jf
;+;bLo r'gfjL xNnfx? gu/f}F .
Psl5g hgtfsf] dg 5f]P/ jf
cfslif{t u/]/ dt tfGg] clg jiff}{
;Dd u4f/L / ljZjf; 3ft ug]{
k|j[lQnfO{ ;bfsf] nflu aGb u/f}F .
bishnupantha010@gmail.com

:j/f]huf/===
yk] o;eGbf klxn] klg oxL klqsfdf
lg/Gt/ oxfFleq ePsf clgoldttf
/ e|i6frf/sf] ;dfrf/x? k|sfzg
eO;s]sf] xf] .
kqklqsf / cgnfOgdf oxfFsf]
clgoldttfsf] ;dfrf/ cfpg
yfn]kl5 xfdLdfly lgu/fgL a9fOPsf]
5 . kl5Nnf] r/0fdf sf]ifsf sfo{sf/L
lgb]z
{ s ljgf]bs'df/ u'/fufOFnufot
pRr kb;F u sd{ r f/Lx? u/] s f
clgoldttf / e|i6frf/sf] k|df0f
n'sfpg nfluk/]sf 5g\ . oxfFsf
clgoldttf / e|i6frf/ /f]Sg clVtof/
b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]unufotsf
;Da4 lgsfon] t'?Gt 5fkfdf/L
sfuhft lgoGq0fdf lng'k5{ . cGoyf
oxfF ePsf] n'6 6'n6' n
' ' x]//] al;/xg'sf]
ljsNk 5}g, pgL b'v;
] f] kf]V5g\ .

sn+ s L=====
sfof{no :yfkgfsf] cg'dlt ;/sf/n]
lbPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . ;'Gb/L3f6df
pSt sDkgLn] sfof{no, lgdf{0f
pks/0f, ;fdu|L / b'O{ ;o lrlgofF
sfdbf/ /fVg]5 . klxnf] r/0fdf
gd" g fsf ?kdf aNv' snL /
PsfGts'gfsf]6]Zj/ v08 lj:tf/
ul/g] 5 . snLsf]6]Zj/ ;8s
lj:tf/sf lglDt ;/sf/n] g]kfn
6]lnsd, sf7df8f}F pkTosf vfg]kfgL
lnld6]8 / g]kfn ljB't\ k|flws/0fnfO{
;8s lsgf/df 78\ofOPsf vDaf /
kfgLsf kfOk Joj:yfkg ug{ lgb]z
{ g
lbO;s]sf] 5 . To;}u/L, sf7df8f}F
pkTosf gu/ ljsf; cfo'Stsf]
sfof{non] klg !% lbg] ;fj{hlgs
;"rgf hf/L u/]/ pSt v08sf 3/6x/f
Pj+ cGo ef}lts ;+/rgf x6fpg
;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 .
rf/ s/f]8 %) nfv cd]l/sL 8n/sf]
nfutdf lgdf{0f x'g] pSt ;8s v08sf]
;Dk"0f{ Jooef/ rLg ;/sf/n] Joxf]g]{
5 . b'O{ jif{cl3 tTsfnLg lrlgofF
k|wfgdGqL j]g lhofafcf] g]kfn e|d0fdf
cfPsf a]nf g]kfn / rLgaLr rqmky
lj:tf/ ug]{ ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] .

6f]nL;lxt :yndf k'u] klg Go"gtd


k" j f{ w f/ tof/ gu/] k l5 6f] n L
k/LIf0fljg} lkmtf{ x'g'k/]sf] lh;Ln]
hgfP . ljefusf k|fljlws b]jLk|;fb
e08f/Ln] efn] jftfj/0f k|bi" f0f/lxt
agfpg s'g} klg kxn gu/]sf] kfOPsf]
hgfP . lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no
k|dv
' j]bk|;fb rf}nfufO{n
+ ] eStk'/df
s'n ^ x]S6/ v]tLof]Uo hldgdf OF6f
ef ;~rfng eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L
lbP . efn] v]tLof]Uo hldg gi6
x'Fb} uPsf] 5, pgn] eg], k|bi" f0fsf
sf/0f pTkfbg 36\b} uPsfn] ef
:yfgfGt/0f ul/g'k5{ . ptf, eStk'/
OF6f Joj;foL ;+3 cWoIf ljZj/fd
jfn] efaf6 kb"if0f 36\b} cfPsf]
bfaL u/] . xfdLn] k|b"if0f gfKg]
Kn]6kmd{ eofnufotsf k"jf{wf/
gePsfn] tof/ ug{] jrg lbPsf 5f},F
pgn] eg] . 6f]nLn] cg'udg cfwf/
agfP/ k|ltj]bg tof/ u/L jftfj/0f
dGqfno / pBf]u dGqfnodf k]; ug]{
hgfPsf] 5 . dfkb08 k"/f gu/]sf
efnfO{ %) xhf/b]lv ! nfv;Dd
hl/jfgf x'g ;Sg] atfOPsf] 5 .
lhNnfdf &$ cf]6feGbf a9L ef
;~rfngdf 5g\ . 6f]nLn] lhNnfsf]
lrQkf]n / emf}vn
] sf efdf cg'udg
u/]sf] xf] . cg'udg 6f]nLdf lhNnf
k|zf;g zfvf clws[t d}of sF8]n,
3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u sfof{no k|dv
'
wdf{ g Gb hf] z L, lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltsf k|ltlglw, k|x/Lnufot
;xefuL lyP .

sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#@)^#^$

csa/] v';f{gL lgof{t


sf7df8f}F . 5f]6f] cjlwd} ?Dhf6f/df pTkflbt csa/] v';f{gLsf] crf/
cd]l/sf;Dd lgof{t x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ;b/d'sfdsf] l5d]sL uflj; ?Dhf6f/
^ sf lj/fh, vf]6f nfdL8fF8fsf /fhs'df/ vltj8f / ef]hk'/sL zf/bf
nD;fnn] ;'? u/]sf] csa/]sf] v]tL;Fu} pTkfbg ul/Psf] v';f{gLsf] crf/
:jb]zdf dfq} geP/ ljb]zdf klg dfu x'g yfn]sf] 5 . pgLx?n] csa/]
v';fgL{ v]tL;Fu} lxdfnog lu|g lxn k|f]8S6;\ pBf]u btf{ u/L crf/ pTkfbg
;'? u/]sf x'g\ . b'O{ jif{cl3 rf/ /f]kgLdf csa/] v';f{gL / a];f/ v]tL ;'?
u/]sf pgLx?n] !) 6geGbf a9L a];f/ lgof{t ul/;s]sf 5g\ . a];f/ eg]
:yfgLo ahf/df vkt x'g] u/]sf] 5 . a];f/ / csa/] v';f{gLsf] crf/af6
pgLx?n] o; jif{ dfq} ?= !^ nfveGbf a9Lsf] cfDbfgL ug{ ;kmn ePsf
5g\ . ;'?sf] nufgL ?= Ps nfv %) xhf/ dfq} xf], clxn] xfd|f] pTkfbg
cuf{lgs ePsfn] cd]l/sf a]nfotaf6 klg dfu cfpg yfn]sf] 5, pBf]usf
;~rfns lj/fhn] eg] xfdLn] cd]l/sf;Dd lgof{t ug{ yfn]sf 5f}F . e08f/Lsf
cg';f/ s'g} Jofkfl/s sDkgLn] dfu gu/] klg ToxfFl:yt g]kfnLn] 6]lnkmf]g
u/]/} crf/sf] dfu ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf nflu uPsf
:yfgLojf;Ln] cfkmGtnfO{ hfkfg, stf/, b'aO{ / a]nfot;Dd k7fpg] u/]sf]
pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . csa/] v';f{gLsf] crf/ l5d]sL lhNnf ;f]n'v'Da' /
vf]6fdf cTolws dfu x'g] u/]sf] atfOG5 . :yfgLo :t/df eGbf ;x/L
If]qdf d"No a9L kfOg] ePsfn] /fhwfgLsf] ef6e6]gL ;'k/ dfs]{6nfO{ crf/
cfk"lt{ ug{]af/] ;Demf}tf u/]sf] e08f/Ln] atfP . :yfgLo:t/df kmn]sf]
csa/]sf] dfq} geP/ pgLx?n] xfn /fFuf / v;Lsf] ;'s'6Lsf] ;d]t crf/
pTkfbg ul//x]sf 5g\ . ;'s6' Lsf nflu cfkm}n
F ] v;Lkfn]sf] pgLx?n] atfPsf
5g\ . tLg o'jf pBdLn] ut jif{ csa/] v';f{gL rf/ /f]kgL If]qkmndf gf} d'/L
kmnfPsf lyP . o;kfln !% /f]kgLdf csa/] / !@ /f]kgLdf lh/] v';f{gL
nufpg] tof/L pgLx?n] ul//x]sf] 5 . pBf]uaf6 crf/;DaGwL 1fg ePsf
;ft :yfgLojf;Ln] k|ToIf /f]huf/L kfPsf 5g\ . csa/] v';f{gLsf] crf/
vfB u'0f:t/ dfkg sfof{no lj/f6gu/n] dfkb08 adf]lhd /x]sf] eGb}
cg'1fkq lbO;s]sf] 5 . Ps ;o %), tLg ;o / kfFr ;o u|fdsf] tf}nsf
5'f5'} Kofs]6df csa/] / ;'s'6Lsf] crf/ ahf/df pknAw x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

Knfli6sd' S t dxfgu/lj?4 Joj;foL


sf7df8f}F . sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsfsf] olx c;f/ ! ut]b]lv Knfli6s
d'St zx/ agfpg] cleofgdf Joj;foLx? tuf/f] aGg] ePsf 5g\ .
dxfgu/kflnsf If]qleq Knfli6s emf]nf k|of]udf k|ltaGw nufpg] lg0f{ook|lt
pBf]uLJoj;foLx?n] lj/f]w hgfPsf 5g\ . dxfgu/kflnsfn] eg] Knfli6s
emf]nf vl/b laqmL ug{nfO{ hl/jfgf ;d]t ug{ ;fj{hlgs ;'rgf hfl/ ul/;s]sf]
5 . nlntk' / pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+ 3 n] d+ u naf/ lj1KtL hfl/ u/] /
dxfgu/kflnsfsf] lg0f{ook|lt lj/f]w hgfPsf] 5 . ;+3sf dxf;lrj s[i0fnfn
dxh{4f/f x:tfIfl/t lj1KtLdf elgPsf] 5 Knfli6s emf]nf vl/b laqmLdf
/f]s nufpg' cf}Bf]lus Joj;fo P]g@)$( sf] ljkl/t 5 . P]gn] @)
dfOqmf]g eGbf a9Lsf] kf]lnlyg emf]nf pTkfbg tyf ljlqm ug{ cg'dlt k|bfg
u/]sf] ;+3n] bfla u/]sf] 5 .
kl5Nnf] ;do dxfgu/kflnsf Knfli6shGo kmf]xf]/s} sf/0f s'?k aGb}
uO/x]sf] 5 . Knfli6ss} sf/0f o; If]qsf] k|ofj/0f;d]t ljlu|Fb} uPsf] 5 .
dxfgu/kflnsfsf] o; lg0f{oonfO{ cfd;j{;fwf/0fn] :jfut ul/x]sf] a]nfdf
Joj;foLx?n] lj/f]w hgfpg' unt ePsf] pkef]QmfjfbLx?sf] egfO{ 5 .
;jf{]Rr cbfntn] @)^! d+l;/ $ ut] Knfli6ssf emf]nfx? :jf:Yo jf
jftfj/0fsf] nflu xflgsf/s /x]sf] k|dfl0ft ge} xr'jfsf] e/df k|ltjGw
nufpg gx'g] eGb} lj1x?af6 cWoog cg';Gwfg u/L sbd rNg
dxfgu/kflnsfnfO{ k/dfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . Joj;foLx?n] cbfntsf]
k/dfb]znfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ dxfgu/kflnsfsf] lj/f]w u/]sf x'g\ .

df]afOn kmf]6f] lk|G6/

sf7df8f}F . sf]l/og ljB'tLo ;fdu|L lgdf{tf sDkgL PnhLn] df]afOnsf]


cfsf/df uf]hLdf cfgf] kmf]6f] lk|G6/ ahf/df Nofpg] ePsf] 5 . PnhLn]
blIf0f PlzofnL ahf/df PnhL kL8L @## ks]6 kmf]6f] gfddf df]afOn kmf]6f]
lk|G6/ Nofpg nfu]sf] xf] . of] lk|G6/ glhssf pks/0f;Fu ;Dks{ /fVg] -lgo/
lkmN8 sDKo'lgs];g_ k|ljlw ;fy} An"6y" af6 df]afOn kmf]g, 6\ofAn]6;Fu hf]8/]
kmf]6f] lk|G6 ug{ ;lsG5 . PnhLn] o;sf] sg]S6LeL6L /fd|f] /x]sf] bfaL u/]sf]
5 . of] lk|G6/n] P08fO] 8 / cfOcf]P; b'j} vfnsf df]afOn ck/]l6 l;:6ddf
sfd ug{;Sg] atfOPsf] 5 . c+uh
]| L Sofn]08/sf] olx jif{sf] h'gdf ahf/df
cfpg] o;sf] d"No g]kfndf @$ xhf/ kg]5
{ .

OlGhlgo/sf]===

;+3if{sf]===

;Dk" 0 f{ ljj/0f /flvg] ePsfn]


;j{ ; fwf/0fn] cfk" m n] /f] h ] s f]
OlGhlgo/af6 sfd lng ;Sg]
dxfgu/kflnsfsf] ck] I ff 5 .
j]j;fO6df sf7df8f}F aflx/ btf{
ePsf OlGhlgo/x?sf] klg ljj/0f
yKb} hfg] dxfgu/kflnsfsf] tof/L
5 . j] j ;fO6df tflnd k| f Kt
lgdf{0fsdL{sf] ljj/0f klg /flvg] 5 .
e"sDk k|lt/f]wL ejg lgdf{0fsf nflu
tflnd lnPsf lgdf{0fsdL{sf] ;"lr klg
tof/ ul//x]sf] dxfgu/kflnsfn]
pgLx?sf] ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f pknAw u/]/
gful/snfO{ ;]jf lbg] hgfPsf] 5 .

To:tf] cj:yfdf j}wflgs cfGbf]ngsf]


;Ldf tf]l8g] klg pgLx?n] atfPsf
5g\ . ca b]znfO{ Gdf n}hfg] ls
gn}hfg] eGg] ;/sf/ / rf/ bnLo
;+oGqsf] xftdf /x]sf] dfcf]jfbLn]
atfPsf 5 . ;+3if{sf nflu ;aeGbf
klxn] ;a} b]zeSt Pj+ /fi6jfbL
zlStnfO{ df]rf{a4 ug{] dfcf]jfbLsf]
tof/L 5 . /fi6jfbL hf]s;}n] klg
df]rf{df cfa4 x'g;Sg] gLlt p;n]
lnPsf 5 . lvn/fh ;/sf/ / rf/
bnLo l;lG8s]6 tf]8g\ cfdb]zeSt
g]kfnLnfO{ cfXjfg u/L j}wflgs
;+3if{df h'6g\ ] dfcf]jfbLsf] sfo{of]hgf
5 . bdg geP;Dd j}wflgs ;+3if{g}
cl3 a9fO/xg] / lgjf{rg sd{rf/L,
pDd]bjf/ / k|rf/sx?nfO{ lg?T;flxt
ug]{ ;f]r dfcf]jfbLsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLn]
jt{dfg ;/sf/ / o;n] u/fpg]
lgjf{rgnfO{ cfgf] hLjgd/0fsf] ;jfn
agfPsfn] pgLx? Hofbf cfqmfds
9n] cufl8 cfpg;Sg] 5g\ . ;/sf/
kl5 gx6\g] / dfcf]jfbLn] klg cfgf]
lg0f{odf k'glj{rf/ gug]{ xf] eg] b]zdf
lgjf{rg c;Dej 5 .

r}t;Dddf===
ut cf=j=sf] ;f]xL cjlwdf ? ( ca{
^ s/f]8 #$ nfv c;'nL ePsf]df
rfn' cf=j=sf] o; dlxgf ?= !! ca{
%# s/f]8 ^$ nfv c;'nL eO{ j[l4b/
@&=@( k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L
ut cf=j=sf] r}t dlxgfdf /lhi6];
g
b:t'/ / ;jf/L ;fwg s/ ?= ^^
s/f]8 ## nfv c;'nL ePsf]df rfn'
cf=j= sf] o; dlxgfdf ? ! ca{ !
s/f]8 !! nfv c;'n ePsf] 5 .

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E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com,website: www.janakhabar.com sDKo'6/ tyf d'bs
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