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1) What is the estimated installed capacity of wind farms in the world?

282,482 MW

2) What are the advantages and disadvantages of wind power?
ADVANTAGES OF WIND POWER 1. The wind is free and with modern technology it can be captured efficiently. 2. Once the wind turbine is built the energy it produces does not cause green house gases or other pollutants. 3. Although wind turbines can be very tall each takes up only a small plot of land. This means that the land below can still be used. This is especially the case in agricultural areas as farming can still continue. 4. Many people find wind farms an interesting feature of the landscape. 5. Remote areas that are not connected to the electricity power grid can use wind turbines to produce their own supply. 6. Wind turbines have a role to play in both the developed and third world. 7. Wind turbines are available in a range of sizes which means a vast range of people and businesses can use them. Single households to small towns and villages can make good use of range of wind turbines available today.

DISADVANTAGES OF WIND POWER 1. The strength of the wind is not constant and it varies from zero to storm force. This means that wind turbines do not produce the same amount of electricity all the time. There will be times when they produce no electricity at all. 2. Many people feel that the countryside should be left untouched, without these large structures being built. The landscape should left in its natural form for everyone to enjoy. 3. Wind turbines are noisy. Each one can generate the same level of noise as a family car travelling at 70 mph. 4. Many people see large wind turbines as unsightly structures and not pleasant or interesting to look at. They disfigure the countryside and are generally ugly.

1kg/m^3 for wind speeds of 5. when running at full capacity. which reduces wind speed. 6. Watt ρ: density of air.20.1x25 = 13.75 Wm^(-2) *The area is not given.564 MW . When wind turbines are being manufactured some pollution is produced. kg/m^3 V: wind speed.10. the higher the tower.Wind speed increases as you move away from the surface of the earth. For example. What is the wind class for Sri Lanka? *map is attached 4)Calculate power/area when density of air= 1.15.5.To generate more electricity. The longer the blades.30 and 50m/s P = (1/2)ρ v^3 P: power. The surface of the earth causes considerable friction on the air masses moving across it. Therefore wind power does produce some pollution. you need larger wind turbine blades. 2. So we take it as 1 m^2 to find the wind power density 5) Why are wind turbines on tall towers? 1. Large wind farms are needed to provide entire communities with enough electricity. How many would be needed for a town of 100 000 people? 3) From the wind power map of Sri Lanka. m/s P/A = W/m^2 (wind power density) ex: When the wind speed is 5 m/s P/A = (1/2)x1. 6) For the latest data available list the top 5 countries with wind turbines installed and their capacity? China 75. the largest single turbine available today can only provide enough electricity for 475 homes.

007 MW Germany 31.525 MW Rest of world 39.332 MW Spain 22.196 MW Canada 6. 12×0. name MW capacity and number of wind turbines? Hambantota Wind Farm (3MW. 5×600KW Turbines) Ambewela Aitken Spence Wind Farm (3MW.25MW Turbines) Seguwantivu and Vidatamunai Wind Farms Puttalam (20MW. 8×1.445 MW Italy 8. 25×800KW Turbines) 8) When would wind be considered for village power? .144 MW France 7.United States 60.421 MW United Kingdom 8. give location.200 MW Portugal 4. Puttalam (10 MW.25MW Turbines) Mampuri Wind Farm/ Kalpitiya.852 MW 7) Are there any wind farms in Sri Lanka? If yes.796 MW India 18.