V
What percentage of the employed persons is self employed?
(1)
5
5
19
(2)
1
19
5
(3) 20
(4) 5
6. Look at this series: 14, 28, 20, 40, 32, 64, ... What number should come next?
(1) 52
(2) 56
(3) 96
(4) 128
7. A car owner buys petrol at Rs.7.50, Rs. 8 and Rs. 8.50 per liter for three successive years.
What approximately is the average cost per liter of petrol if he spends Rs. 4000 each year?
(1) Rs. 7.98
(2) Rs. 8
(3) Rs. 8.50
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(4) Rs. 9
8. In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25% but the selling
price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit?
(1) 30%
(2) 70%
(3) 100%
(4) 250%
9. Today is Friday after 62 days, it will be :
(1) Thursday
(2) Friday
(3) Wednesday
(4) Tuesday
10. A car travelling with of its actual speed covers 42 km in 1 hr 40 min 48 sec. Find the
actual speed of the car.
(1)
6
17 km/ hr
7
(2) 25 km/hr
(3) 30 km/hr
(4) 35 km/hr
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11. P is a working and Q is a sleeping partner. P puts in Rs. 3400 and Q puts Rs.6500. P
receives 20% of the profits for managing. The rest is distributed in proportion to their
capitals. Out of a total profit of Rs.990, how much did P get ?
(1) 460
(2) 470
(3) 450
(4) 480
12. A lawn is the form of a rectangle having its side in the ratio 2:3 The area of the lawn is 1/6
hectares. Find the length and breadth of the lawn.
(1) 25m
(2) 50m
(3) 75m
(4) 100 m
13. An aeroplane covers a certain distance at a speed of 240 kmph in 5 hours. To cover the
same distance in 1 hours, it must travel at a speed of:
(1) 300 kmph
(2) 360 kmph
(3) 600 kmph
(4) 720 kmph
14. Find out the missing number of the given question:
2 7 4
5 2 3
1 ? 6
10 42 72
(1) 2
(2) 4
(3) 5
(4) 3
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15. All of the following are the same in a manner. Find out the one which is different among
them:
(1) BFJQ
(2) RUZG
(3) GJOV
(4) ILQX
PART B (1635)
16. What is the solution of integral
0
[cos(3x) 2] (x )dx
+ o t
}
(1) 0
(2) 2
(3) 3
(4) 1
17 Solve the integral equation
0
1 , 0 1
f( ) cos d
0, 1
o s o s
u ou u =
o >
}
(1)
2
2(1 cos )
f( )
u
u =
tu
(2)
2
2cos
f( )
u
u =
tu
(3)
2
(1 cos )
f( )
2
u
u =
tu
(4)
2
(1 cos )
f( )
u
u =
tu
18. Find the function whose laplace transform is
2
2 2 2
s
(s a ) +
(1) +
1
[at sinat cos at]
2a
(2)
1
(a sin at cos at)
2a
+
(3)
1
[a cosat sinat]
2a
+ +
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(4)
1
[at cosat sinat]
2a
+
19. The Lagrange equation of motion of two rigid bodies of masses m and 2m are connected by a light
flexible spring of spring constant K. what is the Lagrange equation of motion.
(1)
k
x x 0
m
+ =
(2)
k
x x 0
2m
+ =
(3)
3k
x x 0
2m
+ =
(4)
5k
x x 0
2m
+ =
20. In the following indicator diagram, the net amount of work done will be
(1) Positive
(2) Negative
(3) Zero
(4) Infinity
21. A particle moves in a plane under the influence of a force, acting towards a centre of force whose
magnitude is
2
2 2
1 r 2rr
F 1
r c
 
=

\ .
where r is the distance of the particle to the centre of force, then
the Lagrangian for the motion in a plane is
(1)
2 2 2 2
2
r r 1 1 r
L
2 2 r r c
u
= +
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(2)
2 2 2 2
2 2
r r 1 2 r
L
2 2 r c r
u
= + + +
(3)
2 2 2
2 2
r r 2 1 r
L
2 2 r c r
u
= + +
(4)
2 2
2 2
r 1 1 r
L
2 r c r
= +
22. Calculate the Fermi energy in electron volt for sodium assuming that it has one free electron per
atom. Given density of sodium = 0.97 g cm
3
, atomic weight of sodium is 23.
(1) 3.541 eV
(2) 3.451 eV
(3) 5.135 eV
(4) 3.145 eV
23. The paramagnetic contribution to the magnetic susceptibility per m
3
of potassium, for which the Fermi
energy is 2.1 eV is at wt. of potassium is 39.1 gm and density of potassium is 0.86 10
3
kgm
3
.
(1) 420.5 10
8
(2) 450.2 10
+8
(3) 420.5 10
6
(4) 425.210
+6
24. The figure shows the inverse magnetic susceptibility (1/_) (dimensionless) as a function of
temperature for a paramagnetic material. Calculate the concentration of magnetic ions, if they are
assumed to be Co
2+
with configuration 3d
7
.
(1) 54 10
23
(2) 51 10
26
(3) 69 10
23
(4) 69 10
26
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25. A 3D structure of current carrying wire is as shown in the figure. The magnetic force experienced by
charge particle of mass m and charge q, when it is crossing origin with velocity v
8
I v
k
(4) Zero
26. If E
f( 0)
and E
f
are Fermi levels of a metal at 0K and 30000 K, then what is the value of
f
f (0)
E
E
if
E
f (0)
= 7 eV.
(1) 0.119
(2) 0.88
(3) 1.113
(4) 1.188
27. The small (rotational) Raman displacement for HCI molecule is 416 cm
1
. Find the internuclear
distance between the atoms forming the molecule. Given : h = 663 10
34
J s, c = 30 10
8
m s
1
and N
A
= 6023 10
23
mol
1
.
(1) 129 A
(2) 229 A
(3) 249 A
(4) 064 A
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28. For the given circuit the the open loop gain is 12000 and R
1
= 120 kO and R
f
= 600 kO. V
i
= 1.2 V.
Find the exact output voltage for the inverting operational amplifier.
(1) 5 V
(2) 6 V
(3) 599 V
(4) 499 V
29. Oxygen has nuclear spin of 5/2. The NMR of oxygen gives
(1) 2 lines
(2) 3 lines
(3) 4 lines
(4) 6 lines
30. A metal strain gauge factor of two. Its nominal resistance is 120 ohms. It undergoes strain 10
5
, the
value of change of resistance in response to the strain is
(1) 240 ohms
(2) 2 10
5
ohm
(3) 2.4 10
3
ohm
(4) 1.2 10
3
ohm
31. Evaluate
V
Fd , t
} } }
where
2
F xyz =
(2)
2
2 2
x z x
1 1
( + 1) + m
2 2 2
 
+

I I I
\ .
(3)
2 2
2
x z x
1 1 m
( 1)
2 2 2
 
+ +

I I I
\ .
(4)
2 2
2
x z x
1 1 m
( 1)
2 2 2
 
+ + +

I I I
\ .
(ii) Expected value for a measurement of L
x
+ L
y
+ L
z
for any state is
(1) Zero
(2) m
(3) m
(4) m
2
43. If we take in the semiempirical mass formula a
c
= 0.58 MeV and a
a
= 19.3 MeV. Then possible
atomic number of most stable nuclei of mass number 64.
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Page 16
(1) 26
(2) 29
(3) 32
(4) 33
44. 36 g of water at 30C are converted into steam at 250C at constant atmospheric pressure. The
specific heat of water is assumed constant at 4.2 J/g K and the latent heat of vaporization at 100C is
2260 J/g. For water vapour, assume pV = mRT where R = 0.4619 kJ/kg K, and
p
C
R
= a + bT + cT,
where a = 3.634,
b = 1.195 10
3
K
1
and c = 0.135 10
6
K
2
Calculate the entropy change of the system.
(1) 0.2181 kJ/K
(2) 0.0235 kJ/K
(3) 273.1 J/K
(4) 314.3 J/K
45. A perpendicularly polarized wave propagates from region 1(c
r1
= 8.5,
r1
=1, o
1
= 0) to region 2, free
space, with an angle of incidence of 15. Given
i
0
E 1.0 V/ m = , then
r
0
E , is
(1) 1.62 V/m
(2) 0.623 V/m
(3) 4.23 V/m
(4) 7.75 mV/m
46. A particle A of mass m moving along the positive xdirection with kinetic energy K suffers an elastic
headon collision with a stationary particle B of mass M. After the collision the particle A moves along
the negative xdirection with kinetic energy K/9. What is the mass of particle B?
(1) 9 m
(2) 6 m
(3) 3 m
(4) 2 m
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47. Calculate the amount of energy released if all the deuterium atoms in the water in the lake of area
about 10
5
sq. miles and of depth
1
20
the mile area used up in fusion.
(1) 2.18 10
38
MeV
(2) 43 MeV
(3) 1.56 10
39
MeV
(4) 6.9 10
38
MeV
48. The maximum wave length of photons that can be detected by a photo diode made of a
semiconductor of band gap 2 eV is about
(1) 620 nm
(2) 700 nm
(3) 740 nm
(4) 860 nm
49. The three electronic circuits marked (i), (ii) and (iii) in the figure below can all work as logic gates,
where the input signals are either 0V or 5V and the output is V
0
.
Identify the correct combination of logic gates (i), (ii), (iii) in the options given below.
(1) NOR, XOR, AND
(2) OR, NAND, NOR
(3) NAND, AND, XOR
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(4) AND, OR, NOR
Statement for Linked Answer Question 50(i) and 50(ii)
Let f(z) = cos z
sin z
z
for nonzero z e C and f(0) = 0. Also, let g(z) = sinh z for z e C.
50(i). Then f(z) has a zero at z = 0 of order
(1) 0
(2) 1
(3) 2
(4) Greater than 2
50(ii). Then
g(z)
zf(z)
has a pole at z = 0 of order
(1) 1
(2) 2
(3) 3
(4) Greater than 3
51. The Lagrangian of a system is given by
2 2 2 2
1
L mr ( sin ) V(r, , )
2
= u +  u 
The equation of motion is
(1)
2 2
d V
(mr sin ) 0
dt
c
u =
c
(2)
2 2
d V
(mr sin ) 0
dt
c
u =
c
(3)
2 2
d V
(mr sin ) 0
dt
c
u + =
c
(4)
2 2
d V
(mr cos ) 0
dt
c
u + =
c
Linked question 52(i), 52(ii), 52(iii)
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Page 19
A onedimensional harmonic oscillator of a particle with mass an and potential energy v(x) =
2 2
1
m x
2
e
This particle has a charge q and is placed in a uniform electric field E parallel to the x axis, E = Ex .
52.(i). The Hamiltonian of the particle
(1)
2
2 2
P 1
m x x
2m 2
+ e c
(2)
2
2 2
P 1
m x x
2m 2
+ e +c
(3)
2
2 2
P 1
m x x
2m 2
e c
(4)
2
2 2
P 1
m x x
2m 2
e +c
52(ii). Perform a coordinate transformation y = ax+b (where a and b are constant / such that in the y
coordinate the Hamiltonian is similar to that of a one dimensional harmonic oscillator (with no
charge) What are a and b
(1) a = 1 , b = c / me
2
(2) a = 1 , b = c / me
2
(3) a = c / me
2
, b = 1
(4) a = c / me
2
, b = 1
52(iii). The energy eigenvalues of the system is
(1)
2
2
1 1
n
2 2 m
c  
e +

e
\ .
(2)
2
2
1 3
n
2 2 m
c  
e +

e
\ .
(3)
2
2
1 1 e
w n
2 2 2mw
 
+

\ .
(4)
2
2
1 3
n
2 2 2m
c  
e +

e
\ .
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Page 20
53. The equation x
3
x
2
+ 4x 4 = 0 is to be solved using the NewtonRephson method. If x = 2 is taken
as the initial approximation using this method will be
(1)
2
3
(2)
4
3
(3) 1
(4)
3
2
54. A mass m is released from rest at height h. Find the Hamilton characteristic function of the system
(1)
1/ 2
2m(E mgz) dz
}
(2)
1/ 2
2m(E mgz) dz +
}
(3) 2m(E mgz) dz
}
(4) 2m(E mgz) dz +
}
55. At what temperature will the number of I
2
molecules in the v = 1 level be onetenth of that in the v = 0
level? Given : e
c
= 214.6 cm
1
,
e
e
x
e
= 0.6 cm
1
, h = 6.63 10
34
Js, c = 3.0 10
8
ms
1
and k = 1.38 10
23
J/K.
(1) 155.3 K
(2) 135.5K
(3) 133.5 K
(4) 127.5 K
Answer key
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Page 21
Que. Ans. Que. Ans. Que. Ans. Que. Ans.
1 3 16 4 31 3 45 2
2 1 17 1 32 3 46 4
3 3 18 4 33 4 47 4
4 4 19 3 34 2 48 1
5 1 20 2 35 2 49 4
6 2 21 1 36 2 50(i) 3
7 1 22 4 37 2 50(ii) 3
8 2 23 1 38 1 51 3
9 4 24 2 39 2 52(i) 1
10 4 25 2 40 3 52(ii) 2
11 2 26 2 41 1 52(iii) 3
12 2 27 1 42(i) 1 53 2
13 4 28 2 42(ii) 3 54 1
14 4 29 4 43 2 55 3
15 1 30 3 44 3
Solutions
PART A (115)
1.(3)
1 1 2 2
1 2
mD m D
w w
=
2
m 12 24 15
180 24
=
m
2
= 40
2.(1)
RA SA 9 9
PA PA
QA 7
= =
Diameter = PA + AQ
81 130
7
7 7
+ =
Radius =
Diameter
2
65
Radius
7
=
3.(3) R
1
+ R
2
= a
R
2
+ R
3
= b
R
3
+ R
1
= c
R
1
+ R
2
+ R
2
+ R
3
+ R
3
+ R
1
= a + b + c
1 2 3
a b c
R R R
2
+ +
+ + =
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Page 22
4. (4) Value of each tool in 1985
=
7
3
10 10
18 10
[Since 1 crore = 10
7
]
=
5
5
9
Thousand
5.(1) The required percentage =
( )
18
100
360 18
(since total employed = 360 unemployed)
=
18 5
100 5 %
342 19
=
6.(2) This is an alternating multiplication and subtracting series: First, multiply by 2 and
then subtract 8.
7.(1) Total quantity of petrol =
4000 4000 4000
litres
7.50 8 8.50
 
+ +

\ .
consumed in 3 years
2 1 2
4000 liters
15 8 17
 
+ +

\ .
=
76700
litres
51
 

\ .
Total amount spent = Rs. (3 x 4000) = Rs. 12000.
Average cost =
12000 51 6120
Rs. Rs.7.98
76700 767
 
= =

\ .
8.(2) Let C.P.= Rs. 100. Then, Profit = Rs. 320, S.P. = Rs. 420.
New C.P. = 125% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 125
New S.P. = Rs. 420.
Profit = Rs. (420  125) = Rs. 295.
Required percentage =
%
295 1475
100 % 70%(approximately)
420 21
 
= =

\ .
A student multiplied a number by
3
5
instead of
5
3
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Page 23
9.(4) Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days.
So, after 63 days, it will be Friday. Hence after 63 days,
it will be Thursday.
Therefore the required day is Thursday.
10 .(4)
4 51 126
40 min 1 hrs hrs.
5 75 75
= =
Time taken = 1 hr 40 min 48 sec = 1 hr
Let the actual speed be x km/hr.
Then,
5 126
x 42
7 75
=
x =
42 7 75
35km/ hr.
5 126
 
=

\ .
11.(2) Given, Total profit = Rs. 990
Ration of their capitals = 34 : 65.
Now, profit amount got by P = 20% of total profit + Ps share in balance 80%
profit for his capital
34
0.2 0.8
34 65
(
+
(
+
= 470
12.(2) Now area = (1/6 1000)sq m = 5000/3 sq m
2x 3x = 5000/3 =>x x = 2500 / 9
x = 50/3
length = 2x = 100/3 m and breadth = 3x = 3 (50/3) = 50m
13. (4) Distance = (240 x 5) = 1200 km.
Speed = Distance/Time
Speed = 1200/(5/3) km/hr. [We can write 1 hours as 5/3 hours]
Required speed = 1200 x 3 km/hr = 720 km/hr.
14.(4) As, 2 5 1 = 20
and 4 3 6 = 72
Similarly, 7 2 ? = 42
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Page 24
42
? 3
14
= =
15.(1) According to question,
Therefore, B F J Q is odd.
PART B (1635)
16.(4) From the property of dirac delta function
o =
}
so,
0
[cos(3x) 2] (x )dx
+
+ o t
}
Here f(x) = cos(3x) + 2
so, o(x t) = o(0)
x = t
so,
0
[cos(3x) 2] (x )dx
+ o t
}
= cos(3t) + 2 = 1 + 2 = 1
17.(1) We know Fourier cos transform is
c
0
2
F f(x)cos sx dx
=
t
}
c
0
2
2 (1 ), 0 1
F ( ) f( )cos d
0, 1
s<
= u u u =
t
t
>
}
By inversion formula of F
c
(), we get
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Page 25
f(u) =
c
0
2
F ( )xcos d
u u
t
}
= ( )
1
0 1
2 2
1 cos d 0 d
(
u +
(
t t
(
} }
1
2
0
2 sin cos
f( ) (1 ) ( 1)
( u u    
u =
  (
t u u
\ . \ .
=
2 2
2 cos 1
0 0
u (
+
(
t u u
2
2(1 cos )
f( )
u
u =
tu
18.(4) (ii) We have f
1
(s) = f
2
=(s) =
2 2
s
L{cosat}
s a
=
+
By convolution theorem
t
1
1 2 1 2
0
L {f (s)f (s)} F (y)F (t y)dy
=
}
t 2
1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0
s s s
L L cos aycosa(t y)dy
(s a ) s a s a
  
= =
` `
 
+ + +
\ .\ . ) )
}
=
t
0
1
[cosat cos(2ay at)]dy
2
+
}
t
0
1 1
ycosat sin(2ay at)
2 2a
(
= +
(
=
1 1 1
t cosat sinat [at cos at sin at]
2 a 2a
(
+ = +
(
19.(3) Reduced mass of two body system is
M =
m 2m 2m
m 2m 3
=
+
So, kinetic energy T =
2
1 2m
x
2 3
 

\ .
Potential energy of system V =
2
1
kx
2
So, Lagrangian L = TV
2 2
1 2m 1
L x kx
2 3 2
 
=

\ .
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Page 26
Lagrangian equation is
d L L
0
dt x x
c c  
=

c c
\ .
d 2m
x (kx) 0
dt 3
(
=
(
2m
x kx 0
3
+ =
3k
x x 0
2m
+ =
20.(2) Cycle 1 is clockwise so work done during cycle 1 is positive . Similarly cycle 2 is anticlockwise and
work done during cycle 2 becomes negative.
But area of cycle 2 is greater than area of cycle 1. So resultant work is negative.
2
p
V
21.(1) Here the expression for F represents the force between two charges in Webers electrodynamics.
We have
2
r 2 2
1 r 2rr
F 1
r c
 
=

\ .
Taking U = q q(A v) and F
r
=
2
U d U
r dt r
c c  
+

c c
\ .
in usual notation,
2
r 2 2
1 r 2r r
F 1
r c
 
=

\ .
=
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
1 c r 2r r 1 c r 2rr
r c c r
    + +
=
 
\ . \ .
=
2 2
2 2 2 2
1 c 1 2rr r
c r c r
 
+

\ .
=
2
2 2 2
1 1 2rr r U d U
r dt r r c r
  c c  
+ = +


c c
\ .
\ .
Yields,
2
U 1
r r
c
=
c
which gives an integration U =
1
r
= arbitrary constant say a function of r.
Assuming U =
2
2
1 1 r
,
r r c
 
+

\ .
we get
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Page 27
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
U 1 r 1 1 r
r r c r r c r
c  
= + =

c
\ .
and
2
U 1 2r
r r c
c
=
c
so that
2
2 2 2
d U 2 d r 2 r r
dt r dt r c c r
  c    
= =

 
c
\ . \ .
\ .
Thus
2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
U d U 1 r 2rr 2r 1 r 2rr
1
r dt r r c r c r c r r c
  c c
+ = + +

c c
\ .
(on simplification)
Justifies F
r
=
2 2
1 r 2rr
1
r c
 

\ .
as given
As such the generalized potential U
2
2
1 1 r
r r c
+
also T
2 2 2
1
[r r ]
2
+ u
Lagrangian L = T U =
2 2 2 2
2
r r 1 1 r
2 2 r r c
u
+
22.(4) We know Fermi energy of electron
2/ 3
2 2
f
N
E 3
2m V
( t
=
(
23
N 1 6.06 10
V M
=
=
23
1 6.06 10 0.97
23
=
N
V
= 2.5510
22
/cm
3
=2.55 10
28
m
3
m = 9.1 10
31
kg
So, E
f
=
34 2
2/ 3
2 28
31
(1.05 10 )
3 (3.14) 2.55 10
2 9.1 10
( (
= 0.66 10
37
[7542]
2/3
(10)
18
=
19
1/ 3
(754.2)
0.66 10 Joule
(754.2)
E
f
= 4.9710
19
J
E
f
=
19
19
4.97 10
eV 3.10eV
1.6 10
23.(1) Paramagnetic susceptibility is given by
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Page 28
_
p
=
2
0 B
B F
n
k T
where
B
is Bohr magneton = 9.3 10
24
J/tesla
0
is magnetic permeability of free space = 4t 10
7
hnry/m.
n is no. of free electrons per unit volume.
Assuming one free electron per atom the number of atoms per cubic meter of potassium is
23 3
3
6.02 10 0.86 10
3.91 10
Hence no. of free electrons (per m
3
) n =
23 3
3
6.02 10 0.86 10
39.1 10
or n = 1.2 10
28
m
3
E
F
= k
B
T
F
or T
F
=
F
B
E
k
T
F
=
19
4
23
2.1 1.6 10
2.43 10 K.
1.38 10
Substituting the values we have
7 28 24 2
8
p 19
4 10 1.3 10 (9.3 10 )
420.5 10 .
21. 1.6 10
t
_ = =
24.(2) We know magnetic susceptibility
_=
2
2 0 B
N
g J(J 1)
3KT
+ =
2
0
N 4S(s 1)
3kT
u
+
For co
+2
having 3d
7
configuration,
m
s
=
s
1 1 1 3
m s
2 2 2 2
= = + + =
From grap
Slope
dy 1 4000 3000
dx T 20
= =
_
=
1000
50
20
=
1
50
T
=
_
7 2
0
4 10 N/ A
= t
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Page 29
24 2
B
9.27 10 Am
=
K = 1.38 10
23
J/K
J = S = 3/2
g = 2
So,
2
0 B
3K( T)
N
3 5
4
2 2
_
=
   
 
\ . \ .
=
23
7 24 2
3 1.38 10
4 10 (9.27 10 ) 15 50
t
26
N 5.1 10 =
25.(2) The magnetic field at O is
0 0 0 0
2
= + + = + 1+
4 R 8R 8R 8R
( I I I I  
( 
t t
\ .
B k k i i k
0
2
= q(v ) = q
8R
( ( I  
v + + (
` ( 
t
\ . ( )
F B j i 1 k k
=
0
qv 2
+ 1+
8R
( I  
( 
t
\ .
k i
26.(2) We know E
f
= E
f(0)
2
2
B
f (0)
K T
1
12 E
(
 
t
(


(
\ .
Given E
f(0)
= 7 eV = 7 1.6 10
19
J
T = 3 10
4
K
So,
f
f (0)
E
E
=
2
2 23 4
19
1.4 10 3 10
1
12 7 1.6 10
( t
(
=
2
2
0.2 3
1
12 1.6
t (
(
= 1
2
9
12 64
t
= 1
2
(3.14) 3
4 64
= 1 .115
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Page 30
f
f (0)
E
0.88
E
=
27.(1) We know in Raman effect
Au =4B
3
J
2
 
+

\ .
So given 4B = 41.6 c.m
1
So, rotation constant B =
1
41.6
10.4cm
4
=
B = 1040 m
1
We know B =
2
h
8 C t I
So, I =
2
h
8 BC t
I =
34
2 8
6.6 10
8 (3.14) (1040) (3 10 )
I = 2.7 10
47
kgm
2
So, r
I
=
reduce mass Of HCl molecule
So,
H Cl
H Cl
M M
M M
=
+
=
23 2
23
(1 35) /(6.023 10 )
(1 35) /(6.023 10 )
+
= 1.61 10
24
gm
= 1.6 10
27
kg.
So, r =
47
27
2.7 10
1.6 10
= 1.29 10
10
m
r 1.29A =
28.(2) Given R
in
= R
1
= 120 kO
R
f
= 600 kO
V
i
= 1.2 V
V
0
= ?
For inverting O.P Amp voltage gain
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Page 31
A
V
=
f f
in 1
R R
R R
= =
600
120
A
V
= 5
A
V
=
0
i
V
V
So, V
out
= A
V
V
i
= 5 1.2
out
V 6V =
29.(4) Given I
P
=
5
2
We know number of spectral levels (lines) in
NMR is = (2I
p
+ 1)
2
5
2
+ 1
6 lines
30.(3) g = 2
5
= 10
A
R = 120 ohm
So, New resistance R = Rg
A
= 120 2 10
5
= 240 10
5
3
R' 2.4 10 ohm =
31.(3) x runs from 0 to (1y)
2
Fd xyz dx dy dz t =
} } } } } }
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Page 32
=
1 2 2
2
0 0
(1 y)
z y dy dz
2
`
)
} }
=
1 2
2 2
0 0
1
z y(1 y) dy dz
2
`
)
} }
=
1 2
2 3 2
0 0
1
z (y y 2y )dy dz
2
(
+
(
} }
=
2
1 2 4 3
2
0 0
1 y y 2y
z dz
2 2 4 3
(
+
(
}
=
1
2
0
1 4 16 2.8
z dz
2 2 4 3
(
+
(
}
=
1
1 3
2
0 0
1 2 1 2 Z 1 1 1
z dz
2 3 2 3 3 3 3 9
 
= = =

\ .
}
32.(3)
2 2 3
1 1 1
2 2 4
1 1 2
2 4
1 2
H H H P
H H He n
3 H He P n
+ +
+ +
+ +
Am = (3M(
1
H
2
) M(
2
He
4
) M
P
M
n
)
Am = 3 2.014 4.001 1.007 1.008
Am = 0.026 amu
So, energy E = Am c
2
= 0.026 931 1.6 10
13
J
E = 38.72 10
13
J
So, energy of total deuteron
W = E
T
= 10
40
38.72 10
13
J
P =
W
t
t =
W
P
=
40 13
16
38.72 10 10
10
= 38.72 10
11
12
t 3.87 10 sec. =
33.(4) In pair production process, electronpositron pair is produced. So,
hv = E
+
+ E
+ 2m
0
c
2
E
+
kinetic energy of positron
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Page 33
E
kinetic energy of electron
hv incident photon energy
Given E
+
+ E
= 0.01 MeV
Rest mass energy 2m
0
c
2
= 2 9.1 10
31
(3 10
8
)
2
J.
2m
0
c
2
= 1.02 MeV
So, hv = 0.01 MeV + 1.02 MeV
h 1.03MeV v =
34.(2) Photons are particles having spin 1 (integer) and pions are spin less particle so, they are Bosons.
35.(2) q is meson having zero charge.
So, quark structure is uu or dd
So, normalized quark structure is
( )
1
uu dd
2
=
PART C (3655)
36.(2) We know f
(n)
(1) =
n 1
C
n! f(z)dz
,
2 i (z a)
+
t
}
Put f(z) = sin
6
z, which is analytic within and on the circle z = 1, whose centre is z = 0 and radius 1,
also put n = 2 and a =
1
,
6
t which lies within the given circle C, in the above formula then we get
f
6
3
C
1 2! sin z
dz.
6 2 i
1
z
6
 
t =

t
\ .  
t

\ .
}
.(1)
Now f(z) = sin
6
z which gives f(z) = 6 sin
5
z cos z
and f(z) = 6[5 sin
4
z cos
2
z sin
6
z] = 6 sin
4
z (5 cos
2
z sin
2
z)
f( t/6) = 6 sin
4
2 2
1 1 1
5 cos sin
6 6 6
(
     
t t t
(   
\ . \ . \ .
= 6(1/2)
4
[5(\3/2)
2
(1/2)
2
] = (3/32) [5(3) 1]
From (1) we have
6
3
C
sin z dz 21
i.
16
1
z
6
= t
 
t

\ .
}
37.(2) (i) If we take a = 1, b = 1
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Page 34
then
1 2 2
1
A 2 1 1
3
2 1 1
(
(
=
(
(
A
T
=
1 2 2
1
2 1 1
3
2 1 1
(
(
(
(
A square finite matrix A is said to orthogonal if
AA
T
= I
T
1 2 2 1 2 2
1 1
AA 2 1 1 2 1 1
3 3
2 1 1 2 1 1
( (
( (
=
( (
( (
1 4 4 2 22 2 22
1
2 22 4 1 1 4 1 1
9
2 22 4 1 1 4 1 1
+ + + + (
(
= + + + + +
(
(
+ + + + +
9 2 2
1
2 6 2
9
2 2 6
(
(
= = I
(
(
So, this is not correct value of a, b.
(ii) If we take a = 1, b = 2
Then A
1 2 2
1
2 1 2
3
2 2 1
(
(
=
(
(
A
T
=
1 2 2
1
2 1 2
3
2 2 1
(
(
(
(
AA
T
=
1 2 2 1 2 2
1
2 1 2 2 1 2
9
2 2 1 2 2 1
( (
( (
( (
( (
=
9 0 0
1
0 9 0
9
0 0 9
(
(
(
(
=
1 0 0
1
9 0 1 0
9
0 0 1
(
(
(
(
=
1 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1
(
(
= I
(
(
So, the matrix is orthogonal if a = 1, b = 2.
38.(1) q of H.E. between A and C
C
A
A
T
1
T
 
q =

\ .
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Page 35
q of engine =
C
A
T
1
T
 
o

\ .
Here Q
2
=
1 1
C 3 C
A B
Q Q
T , Q T
T T
=
Total Heat rejection
(Q
2
+ Q
3
) = Q
1
T
C
A B
1 1
T T
 
+

\ .
Total Heat input = 2Q
1
q of engine =
1 C
A B
1
1 1
Q T
T T
1
2Q
(
 
+
( 
\ . (
(
(
(
C C C
A A B
T T T
1
T 2T 2T
o
o =
Multiply both side by T
A
and divide by T
C
or
A A A
C C B
T T T 1 1
T T 2 2 T
o o =
or
A A
B C
T T
(2 1) 2(1 )
T T
= o + o
39.(2) Energy eigen value of three dimension well is
t
=
2 2
2
E
2ma
+ +
2 2 2
x y z
(n n n ) ...(1)
given E =
t
2 2
2
9
ma
E =
t
2 2
2
18
2ma
...(2)
compere equation (1) and equation (2).
+ + =
2 2 2
x y z
n n n 18
If n
x
= 4, n
y
= 1, n
z
= 1
then + + = + + =
2 2 2
x y z
n n n 16 1 1 18
So, possible values (combinations) of n
x
n
y
n
z
are (n
x
, n
y
, n
z
) = (4, 1,1) (1, 4, 1), (1, 1, 4)
So, the state is 3fold degenerate.
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Page 36
40.(3)
273
p
2 1
293
mc dT
S S
T
=
}
273
0.01 4.2 In kJ/ K
293
=
S
2
S
1
= 0.00297 kJ/K = 2.97 J/K
3 2
mL
S S
T
=
=
0.01 335 1000
273
S
3
S
2
= 12.271 J/K
268
p
4 13
273T
mc dT
4.2 268
S S 0.01 In kJ/ K
T 2 273
 
= =

\ .
}
= 0.3882 J/K
So, S
4
S
1
= S
2
S
1
+ S
3
S
2
+ S
4
S
3
= 15.63 JK
1
41.(1) For onedimensional free electron gas, energy level separation
2 2
2
n
E
2mL
t
A =
So,
2
2
n'
E
L
A
42.(i)(1) We begin by writing the Hamiltonian as
2 2 2 2 2 2
x y z z z
x z x x z x
1 1 1 1 1 1
H (L L L ) L L L
2 2 2 2 2 2
   
= + + + = +
 
I I I I I I
\ . \ .
where L is the total angular momentum.
We know eigen values of L
2
= ( + 1)
2
and, L
2
= m
2
2 2
m
x z x
1 1
E ( 1) m
2 2 2
 
= + +

I I I
\ .
So the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian are those of L
2
and L
z
, i.e., the s [hetrical harmonic with the
eigen energies E
m
..
(ii)(3)
m m
x y z
Y ( , )  (L L L )  Y ( , ) ( u  + + u  >
m m
z
L L L L
Y ( , )  L  Y ( , )
2 2i
+ +
+  
< u  + + u  )

\ .
=
m m
z
Y ( , )  L  Y ( , ) < u  u  >
= m
43.(2) Binding energy according to semimpirical mass formula
E
b
=a
v
A = a
s
A
2/3
a
c
z (z1) A
1/3
a
a
(A2z)
2
A
1
apA
3/4
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Page 37
A nuclie will be most stable isobar which has maximum binding energy.
For maximum binding energy
E
b
=E
bmax
when
b
dE
0
dz
=
For maximum binding energy
E
b
= E
bmax
when
dEb
0
dz
=
a
c
(2z1)A
1/3
+ 4a
a
(A 2z) A
1
=0
1/ 3
a
1/ 3 1
c a
aA 4a
z
2a A 8a A
+
=
+
1/ 3
1/ 3
0.58(64) 4 19.3
8 19.3
2 0.58(64)
64
+
=
0.145 77.2
28.62
0.29 2.4125
+
=
+
z 29 ~
44.(3) m = 36 g = 0.036 kg
T
1
= 30C = 303 K
T
2
= 523 K
(AS)
water
=
P
373
mc n kJ/ K
303
 

\ .
= 0.03143 kJ/K
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Page 38
(AS)
Vaporization
=
2
mL
T
=
0.036 2260
373
= 0.21812 kJ/K
(AS)
Vapour
=
523
p
373
dT
mc
T
}
=
523
373
a
mR b CT dT
T
 
+ +

\ .
}
=
523
2
373
CT
mR a n T bT
2
(
+ +
(
=
523
2
373
CT
mR a n T bT
2
(
+ +
(
=
2 2
523 C
mR a n b (523 373) (523 373 )
373 2
(
+ +
(
= 0.023556 kJ/K
(AS)
System
= (AS)
water
+ (AS)
vaporization
+ (AS)
vapour
= 273.1 J/K.
45.(2) The intrinsic impedances are
q
1
=
0
r1
120
129
8.5
q
= = O
c
and q
2
= q
0
= 120t O
and the angle of transmission is given by
t 0
sin15
sin 8.5
c
=
u c
or u
t
= 48.99
Then
r
0 0 i 1 t
i
2 i 1 t 0
E cos cos
cos cos E
q u q u
=
q u + q u
= 0.623 or
r
0
E = 0.623 V/m
46.(4) Since the kinetic energy of A after collision is oneninths of its initial kinetic energy, the momentum of
A after collision is onethird of its initial momentum.
Since the momentum is to be conserved, we have
p = p p/3 where p is initial momentum of A and p is the momentum of B after the collision.
[The final momentum of particle A is negative since its direction is reversed].
Therefore, p = 4p/3
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Page 39
The kinetic energy gained by particle B due to the collision is p
2
/2M where M is the mass of particle
B.
The kinetic energy lost by particle A due to the collision is (8/9)p
2
/2m.
[Note that the initial kinetic energy of particle A is p
2
/2m and its final kinetic energy is (1/9) p
2
/2m].
Since the kinetic energy too is conserved in elastic collisions, the kinetic energy gained by particle B
is equal to the kinetic energy lost by particle A. Therefore, we have
p
2
/2M = (8/9) p
2
/2m
Substituting for p = 4p/3, we have
(16/9) (p
2
/2M) = (8/9) p
2
/2m from which M = 2 m.
47.(4) The volume of water = 10
5
1
20
= 5000 cubic miles.
Mass of water = 5000 (1.609 10
3
)
3
10
3
kg = 2.08 10
16
kg.
or No. of molecules of water = 2.08 10
16
6.02214 10
26
/18 = 6.97 10
41
molecules.
As the abundance of deuterium is 0.0156% so that the total number of deuterium atoms
= 6.97 10
41
2 0.0156 10
2
= 2.18 10
38
.
As the fusion of 6 deuterium atoms gives an energy release of 43 MeV, hence the total energy
released = 2.18 10
38
(43/6).
= 1.56 10
39
MeV.
48.(1) The wave length (in Angstrom unit) of a photon of energy E (in electron volt) is given by
E = 12400, very nearly.
Therefore, = 12400/E
[The above expression can be easily obtained by remembering that a photon of energy 1 eV has
wave length 12400 and the energy is inversely proportional to the wave length].
Since E = 2 eV we have = 12400/2 = 6200 = 620 nanometre.
Photons with wave length greater than 640 nm will have energy less than 2 eV so that they will be
unable to produce electron hole pairs in the semiconductor of band gap 2 eV. So the correct option is
(1).
49.(4) Circuit (i) is shown the logic circuit of AND GATE and here output
Y = A B
Circuit (ii) is shown the logic circuit of OR GATE and output
Y = A + B
Similarly circuit (iii) is shown the logic circuit of NOR GATE and output is
Y = A B +
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Page 40
50(i).(3) Since f(z) = cosz
sinz
z
to find zeros of f(z) put f(z) = 0
cos z
sinz
z
= 0
3 5
2 4
z z
z .....
z z
3! 5!
1 ......... 0
2! 4! z
(
+
(
(
( + =
(
( (
(
2 4 2 4
z z z z
1 ........ 1 ........ 0
2! 4! 3! 5!
   
+ + =
 
 
\ . \ .
z
2
1 1
........ 0
3! 2!
(
+ =
(
so z = 0 is a zero of f(z) of order 2
50(ii).(3)
g(z) sinhz
zf(z) zcosz sinz
=
To find poles z cos z sin z = 0
3 5
z z
z .......
2! 4!
(
+
(
(
3
z
z ....... 0
3!
(
+ =
(
(
3 5
1 1 1 1
z z 0
3! 2! 5! 4!
( (
+ + =
( (
g(z)
zf(z)
have pole at z = 0 of order 3
51.(3) The Lagrangian of a is given by
L = T V =
2 2 2 2
1
mr ( sin ) V(r, , ).
2
u + u u 
..(1)
In this case the only two generalized coordinates are u and , therefore there will be only two
Lagrangian equations, one in u and the other in .
The Lagrangian equation in coordinate u is given by
d L L
0.
dt
c c  
=

cu cu \ .
..(2)
From equation (1), we have
2 2 2
L L V
mr and mr sin cos
c c c
= u = u u
cu cu cu
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Page 41
With these substitutions, equation (2) becomes
2 2 2
d V
(mr ) mr sin cos 0
dt
c
u u u + =
cu
(3)
The Lagrangian equation for conservative system in the variable  is given by
d L L
0
dt
  c c
=

c c
\ .
Again equation (1) gives
2 2
L V L
and mr sin
c c c
= = u
c c c
(4)
With these substitutions equation (4) becomes
2 2
d V
(mr sin ) 0
dt
c
u + =
c
52(i).(1) We have E = Ex and we seek ( ) x,t  such that
E = V (1)
Since B = 0, we seek a gauge in which A = 0. Intergrating (1) we obtain (x) =  cx + c, where c is a
constant of integration. Let us choose c = 0; then
( ) x x  = c (2)
The total Hamiltonian is
2
2 2
p 1
H m x x
2m 2
= + e c (3)
The first term on the righthand side of (3) is the standard kinetic term, the second term is the
harmonic oscillator potential energy, and the third term is the electrical potential energy.
52(ii).(2) We will now write part (i) eq.(3) in the following form:
H
y
=
2
y 2 2
y 0
p
1
m y H
2m 2
+ e + (4)
Where H
0
is a constant and y = ax + b. Consider the kinetic term. We see that p
y
= p
x
, so a = 1. Now we
can substitute y = x + b into (4) and obtain
H
y
= ( )
2 2
2
2 2 2 2 x x
0 0
p p 1 1 1
m x b H m bx m b H
2m 2 2m 2 2
+ e + + = + e + e + (5)
From Eq. (3) of part (i) we see that H
x
= H
y
only if b = c/me
2
and H
0
= c
2
/ 2me
2
.
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Page 42
52(iii).(3) To conclude, if we perform the coordinate transformation y = x c/me
2
, we get a onedimensional
harmonic oscillator with no charge, and the energy eigenvalues of a onedimensional harmonic
oscillator are
n
1 1
E w n
2 2
 
= +

\ .
..(6)
Corresponding to the eigenstate
n
 . We have a shifted harmonic oscillator; thus, the energy
eigenvalues are now.
En =
2
2
1 1 1
n
2 2 2 m
c  
e +

e
\ .
53.(2) f(x) = x
3
x
2
+ 4x 4
f(x) = 3x
2
2x + 4
f(2) = 8 4 + 8 4 = 8
f(2) = 12 4 + 4 = 12
n
n 1 n
n
f(x )
x x
f '(x )
+
=
x
n + 1
= ( )
8
2 2 2/ 3 4/ 3
12
= =
54.(1) Taking earth as reference level for zero potential energy, we have
V(q) = mgz ..(1)
The HamiltonJacobi equation for Hamiltons principal function is
2
1 S S
V(q) 0
2m q t
(
  c c
( + + =

c c
( \ .
..(2)
The first term in bracket is function of q only, while the second term is function of t only, therefore
each term must be equal to the same constant with opposite signs.
2
1 S
i.e. V(q)
2m q
S
and
t
  c
+ = o

c
\ .
`
c
= o
c )
...(3)
Then we have S = W(q, o)ot,
...(4)
W being a constant of integration.
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Page 43
As
s W
,
q q
c c
=
c c
therefore the HamiltonJacobi equation for Hamiltons characteristic function W takes
the form
2
1 W
V(q)
2m q
  c
+ = o

c
\ .
...(5)
This gives { }
W
2m V(q)
q
c
( = o
c
...(6)
Integrating above expression, we get
W = { }
1/ 2
2m V(q) dq ( o
}
...(7)
Now { }
1/ 2 S W
p 2m V(q)
q q
c c
( = = = o
c c
...(8)
and
S W
t
c c
 = =
co co
= { }
1/ 2
2m V(q) dq t
c
( o
co
}
i.e.
1/ 2
m dq
t
2 [ V(q)
 + =
o
}
...(9)
The Hamiltonian of system is
H =
2
p
mgz E
2m
+ = = o ...(10)
From (9)
1/ 2
1/ 2
m dz m 2
t (E mgz)
2 2 mg [E mgz]
 
 + = =

\ .
}
=
1/ 2
1 2
(E mgz)
g m
...(11)
Thus
2
2
1 2
( t)
m g
 + = (E mgz)
Solving for z, we get
z =
2
1 E
g( t)
2 mg
 + + ...(12)
Initial conditions are
At t = 0, z = h, v = z 0 =
and so p = mz 0 =
...(13)
Using (12), equations (10) and (12) yield
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Page 44
E = mgh, h =
2
1 E
g
2 mg
 +
Solving these equations, we get  = 0
Now p =
W
mz mgt using (12)
z
c
= =
c
...(14)
Thus we have from (12) and (14)
2
1
z h gt
2
p mgt
=
`
=
)
...(15)
These are required equations with S = W Et
where
1/ 2
W (2m) (E mgz) dz =
}
55.(3) From MaxwellBoltzmann distribution law, the number of molecules in the vth state relative to that in
the v = 0 (lowest) state at T Kelvin temperature is given by
0
G ( )hc / kT
0
N
e
N
v v
=
=
G( ) G(0)hc / kT
e ,
v
where G(v) =
2
e e e
1 1
x
2 2
   
e v + e v +
 
\ . \ .
2
e e e e e
( n x n x n)hc / kT n
0
N
e
N
e e e
=
For the n = 1 level, we have
e e e
( 2 x )hc / kT 1
0
N
e
N
e e
=
Here
1 1 1
e e e
0
N 1
, 214.6cm and x 0.6 cm (given)
N 10
= e = e =
1 1
(214.6 cm 1.2 cm )hc / kT
1
e
10
=
or
1 1
(213.4 cm )hc / kT (21340m )hc / kT
10 e e = =
Taking natural logarithm:
Log
e
10 = (21340 m
1
) hc/kT.
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Page 45
T =
1
21340 m hc
2.303 k
=
34 8 1
1
23 1
(6.63 10 Js)(3.0 10 ms )
(9266 m )
1.38 10 JK
= 133.5 K.