You are on page 1of 3

Samaveda From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Part of a series on Vedic scriptures

Vedas[show] Vedangas[show] Upanishads[show] Puranas[show] Hindu Astrology[show] Itihasa[show] Other scriptures[show] Scripture classification[show] Timeline[show] vte The Sama Veda, Samveda, or Samaveda (Sanskrit: सामवेदः, sāmaveda, from sāman "melody" and veda "knowledge"), is the third of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures, along with the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. Its earliest parts are believed to date from 1700 BC,[citation needed] and it ranks next in sanctity and liturgical importance to the Rigveda. It consists of a collection (samhita) of hymns, portions of hymns, and detached verses, all but 75 taken from the Sakala Sakha of the Rigveda, the other 75 belong to the Bashkala Sakha, to be sung, using specifically indicated melodies called Samagana, by Udgatar priests at sacrifices in which the juice of the Soma plant, clarified and mixed with milk and other ingredients, is offered in libation to various deities. The verses have been transposed and re-arranged, without reference to their original order, to suit the rituals in which they were to be employed. There are frequent variations from the text of the Rigveda that are in some cases glosses but in others offer an older pronunciation than that of the Rigveda (such as [ai] for common [e]). When sung the verses are further altered by prolongation, repetition and insertion of stray syllables (stobha), as well as various modulations, rests and other modifications prescribed in the song-books (Ganas). Sama

Bihar. cit. 2nd revised ed. an edition is now being prepared by some well-known Samaveda specialists. Jaiminīya-Brāhmaṇa of the Sāmaveda. Orissa and since a few decades in Darbhanga. The literature and study of the Jaiminīya Sāmaveda. Studia Orientalia XLIII:6.R. the Jaiminiya in the Carnatic. Griffith says that there are three recensions of the text of the Samaveda Samhita:[1] the Kauthuma recension is current in Gujarat. ^ A. Shrautasutra and ancillary Sutras. Die Jaiminīya-Saṃhitā mit einer Einleitung über die Sāmavedaliteratur.) Nagpur. Tamilnadu and Kerala. The Sāmaveda Saṃhitā. Karnataka Gokarna. Uttar Pradesh. 1954. parts of the Jaiminiya tradition remain unpublished. T. Brahmana. Delhi 1986 . Caland. Breslau 1907 ^ Raghu Vira and Lokesh Chandra. Helsinki 1973 ^ W.few parts of Orissa. [4] as well as the neglected Upanishad.Contents [hide] 1 Recensions 2 Notes 3 See also 4 Books 5 External links [edit]Recensions R. Sharma). Caland[3] and of the Brahmana by Raghu Vira and Lokesh Chandra. op. mainly by the late B. T. vi.[2] There is an edition of the first part of the Samhita by W. In retrospect and prospect.[5] but only parts of the Shrautasutra. [edit]Notes ^ Griffith. (Sarasvati-Vihara Series 31.. The song books remain unpublished[6] and the tradition is rapidly fading. Parpola. p. R. However. and the Rāṇāyanīya in the Maharashtra. While the Kauthuma recension has been published (Samhita. H. H.

The Jaiminīya or Talavakāra Upaniṣad Brāhmaṇa. Griffith. JAOS 16. Translation. 79–260 ^ A. translation. An English translation is due to Griffith (Benares. Revised and enlarged edition. H. and notes. Ralph T. 1893). Hymns of the Samaveda 1895. (online at sacred-texts. Griffith. Finnish Oriental Society 1988 [edit]See also Hinduism Historical Vedic religion [edit]Books The Samaveda has been edited and published by Theodor Benfey (Leipzig. enlarged by Nag Sharan Singh and Surendra Pratap. (Calcutta. with a German translation) and by Satyavrata Samashrami in Bibl. 1848. Text. 1873). Oertel. H. This edition provides the text in Devanagari with full metrical marks needed for chanting. First published 1893. A translation in Hindi by Mridul Kirti called "Samveda Ka Hindi Padyanuvad" has also been published recently. Commentary & Notes in English. 1991) ISBN 81-7081-244-5. Parpola. Ind. 1991 (Nag Publishers: Delhi. Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article: Samaveda original Samskrit text [edit]External links Ralph Griffith. The decipherment of the Samavedic notation of the Jaiminīyas.com) Veda Prasar Samiti (MP3 examples of vedic chants) Samaveda Song Books in Devanagari with svara marks and musical notes file for download . Text.^ H. Translated by Ralph T. full text.1895. The Sāmaveda Saṃhitā.