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Geography Presentation Report

Farming in Europe

Christy Chong (10) Sue Fong (12) Joanne Kou (16) Michelle Wu (31)

Leader’s report: Allocation of work Signature Christy Chong (10) Finding Information Sue Fong (12) Doing PowerPoint Joanne Kou (16) Finding Information Michelle Wu (31) Doing PowerPoint .

. hill farming sheep. chickens. it also known as sustainable farming. (3)Mixed farming It is just a combination of arable and pastoral farming. (2)Pastoral farming It is the rearing and production of animals including pigs. beef and dairy cattle etc.Types of farming (1)Arable farming Basically means growing of crops and cereals.

fruit. The products have to be sold within 24 hours of being produced. .(4)Horticulture It is the production of flowers. vegetables or ornamental plants. (6)Viticulture It is the production of grapes. The biggest requirement is the transport routes needed to take the products to shops and supermarkets for sale. (5)Market gardening Market gardening is the production of fruit and vegetables.

Some farmers have to completely change what they are growing to suit the new regulations. Many of those people tend to be more like farm managers. (2) Climate It might occur in a certain area. Number of the hours of sunshine. . the average temperature and the amount of rainfall are very important. Farmers are protected and that their produce will be bought.Factors that affecting the farm type (1) Labour Farming becoming mechanised. (3) Politics Government and International farming policies have had a huge impact on many farms around the world. the numbers of people working on farms has diminished.

. Flat. sheltered areas are usually best for crops. so it is more suitable for pasture farming. (5) Soils Thick. Steep slopes are more likely to be used for sheep and cattle farming. In Britain the best soil for arable farming can be found in Norfolk. In hilly areas the soil tends to be thinner and less fertile.(4) Relief It is a very important factor in determining the type of agricultural activity. well-irrigated soil is usually the best for crop farming.

In order to make the crops grow faster. with much use being made of artificial fertilisers. Almost all of what is grown on the farm is sold. the farmers will put a lot of chemical substances into the farmland. A certain amount of paid labour is usually employed. A variety of different crops are grown on the farm. Methods are generally scientific and efficient. and finally lead to a drought. If the farmers want to earn more money and make more profit.Commercial farming The farms are large. The farmland becomes less fertile. . they will grow as much as they can on their farmland. but most of the farm work is done by using modern machinery. overcultivation will occur. Impact of Commercial Farming A drought or flood can wipe out. pesticides and herbicides.

farmers keep cattle and sheep. Wales and Scotland. sheep.Farming in Britain Different types of farming occur in different regions of Britain. the rich grass is ideal for feeding dairy cows. • . Flat areas to crop production and wet/warm areas to milk and beef production. This is due to the influence of relief. pigs and poultry. Sheep can survive the cold winters on the hills and moors. soil type and to an extent closeness to the market. In the south-west of England. • In the north-west of England. Some parts of Britain have excellent soil for crops. while others are used for cattle. climate (especially precipitation and temperature). Upland areas generally lend themselves to sheep farming.

barley and vegetables grow in enormous fields. potatoes and sugar beet are grown. • In the east of England (East Anglia). wheat. Many farms are actually mixing some or all of these so as to make more money. grain. • The main types of farming Britain are arable. . dairying and hill farming.• In the south-east of England and the lowlands of Scotland.

Why these types of farming are used in UK? It is because the Common Agricultural Policy and other regulations encouraged arable farming. The map below shows where these main farming types occur: Farming in Portugal .

. sunflower etc.Distribution channels and economic infrastructure were inadequate. Organic farming in Portugal has steadily increased in the past years. The main agricultural products in Portugal include figs.The level of investment in agriculture was very low. and they are usually very small.The number of tractors and the quantity of fertilizer used per unit area was one-third of the European Community average in the mid-1980s.Farms in the north are small and fragmented. grapes. . There is a poor agriculture performance: . mushrooms. The farmers are interested in organic agriculture because of the financial support offered by the European Union and higher market prices. . tomatoes.Portugal produces a wide variety of crops and livestock products. . wine.

it has become more important as a business enterprise. marketing. Today's successful farmers are expert not just in agriculture but also proficient in accounting.Trend of farming As farming has become less important as a way of life. Scientific methods and labor-saving machinery have made farming increasingly productive. and finance. At the same time. the use of tractors and other modern farm equipment has reduced the need for farm labour. Farms that are not run in a businesslike fashion are hard to survive. .