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How major bills fared at the capitol
State lawmakers adjourned the session on Thursday after reviewing hundreds of bills. Here is the status of some of the most significant bills. Bills that have passed have been sent to Gov. Neil Abercrombie for his signature or veto. The governor can also allow bills to become law without his signature. Lawmakers can override vetoes by two-thirds’ votes in each chamber.

GOVERNMENT
PASSED

BUSINESS/TAXES
PASSED

EDUCATION
PASSED

CONSUMER PROTECTION/LABOR
PASSED

CRIME
PASSED

HEALTH/ SOCIAL SERVICES
PASSED

ENVIRONMENT
PASSED

MISCELLANEOUS
PASSED

State budget (HB 200 HD1 SD1 CD1) Authorizes $11.8 billion in fiscal year 2014 and $11.9 billion in fiscal year 2015 for state spending. Sets aside $100 million in fiscal year 2014 and $117 million in fiscal year 2015 to address the unfunded liability in the EmployerUnion Health Benefits Trust Fund.

PLDC repeal (HB 1133 SD2 Act 38) Film tax credits (HB 726 HD1 SD2 Repeals the law that CD1) created the Public Land Development Increases a tax Corp. credit for film and digital media proHurricane relief duction to 20 perfund cent on Oahu, up (SB 1092 SD1 HD1 from 15 percent, and CD1) 25 percent on the neighbor islands, up Makes a general from 20 percent. Exfund appropriation pands the cap on of $50 million in fisthe tax credit per cal year 2014 to reproduction to capitalize the $15 million, up from hurricane relief fund. $8 million. Extends Rainy day fund the sunset of the tax (SB 1094 SD1 HD1 credit to 2019. CD1) Hawaii Growth Makes a general Initiative fund appropriation (HB 858 HD1 SD1 of $50 million in fisCD1) cal year 2014 to reCreates the Hawaii capitalize the Growth Initiative emergency budget and provides $6 miland reserve fund. lion to encourage enSuper PACs trepreneurs. (HB 1147 HD2 SD2 High-tech research CD1) (SB 1349 SD2 HD1 Requires independCD1) ent expenditure Resurrects a tax committees to idencredit for high-techtify top donors in ponology research. litical advertising. Itemized FAILED deductions (HB 430 HD1 SD1 Public-Private CD1) Partnership Exempts charitable Authority deductions from a Establishes a new cap on itemized deauthority for five ductions for higheryears to oversee income taxpayers. three pilot development projects. Voter registration Allows for voter registration at absentee polling places before Election Day. Campaign finance Expands a public financing program for state House candidates. Reapportionment Requires state political boundaries to be drawn based on the total number of permanent residents during the census, including military personnel. Financial disclosure Requires state employees and legislators to disclose annual income sources that total more than their salary if the source is a registered lobbyist or lobbying organization. Banyan Drive Allows the state to lease certain properties along Banyan Drive to Hawaii County. Harbors and parks authority Creates a new development authority for state harbors and parks that would work with the private sector on recreational and leisure projects.
FAILED

Hotel-room tax (SB 1194 SD2 HD1 CD1) Makes permanent what had been a temporary increase in the state’s hotelroom tax to help stabilize the state’s six-year financial plan. The tax had been raised to 9.25 percent, up from 7.25 percent, to help close a budget deficit, and the increase was scheduled to sunset by July 2015.

Preschool finance (SB 1084 SD1 HD1 CD1) Asks voters in November 2014 whether to amend the state Constitution and allow public money to be spent on private preschool. School readiness (SB 1093 SD2 HD2 CD1) Expands the Preschool Open Doors child care program to serve about 900 low-income 4-yearolds who will no longer be eligible for junior kindergarten, which is ending in the 2014-2015 school year. 21st-century schools (SB 237 SD2 HD1 CD1) Establishes a fiveyear pilot program at the state Department of Education to redevelop up to three public school properties to generate revenue for school modernization. UH procurement (HB 114 HD3 SD2 CD1) Grants the state procurement officer, and not the University of Hawaii president, the oversight of procurement for university construction projects. Charter schools (SB 244 SD2 HD1 CD1) Requires charter schools to complete annual independent financial audits; calls for criminal background checks of people working near children; and sets up various other management provisions.
FAILED

Unfunded liability (HB 546 HD2 SD2 CD1) Establishes an annual payment schedule for the state and counties to address the unfunded liability in the EmployerUnion Health Benefits Trust Fund. Domestic workers (SB 535 SD1 HD2 CD1) Provides basic labor rights and protections for domestic workers. Home care reports (HB 120 HD2 SD2 CD1) Requires the state Department of Health to post on its website all inspection reports from state-licensed care facilities after January 2015. Construction bids (HB 1374 HD1 SD1 CD1) Allows state procurement officials the flexibility to choose the source selection method for construction bids. Financial abuse (SB 102 SD2 HD1 CD1)

Prostitution (SB 192 HD1 CD1) Makes solicitation of minors for prostitution a crime and increases the statute of limitations to six years from two years. Requires violators to register as sex offenders. Mobile devices (HB 980 HD2 SD2) Bans using mobile electronic devices while driving and pre-empts county laws. Background checks (SB 69 SD2 HD1 CD1) Requires county police departments to fingerprint, photograph and perform background checks on gun owners who want to register firearms procured out of state. Simulated firearms (SB 2 HD1) Includes the use of fake firearms in firstdegree terroristic threatening and robbery offenses. Seat belts (SB 4 HD2)

Homelessness (SB 515 SD2 HD1 CD1) Funds substance abuse treatment, mental health support, sober housing, and housing-first programs. Provides rental assistance for working families. Establishes a threeyear pilot program to help homeless return to their families. Emergency contraception (HB 411 HD2 Act 27) Requires hospitals to provide sexual assault victims with emergency contraception and medically accurate information about the drug. Asset limit (HB 868 Act 18) Eliminates the asset limit to participate in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. Medical marijuana (HB 668 HD2 SD2 CD1) Transfers the medical marijuana program to the state Department of Health from the state Department of Public Safety by January 2015. Marijuana cards (SB 642 HD2 CD1) Requires medical marijuana patients to get certificates from primary care physicians, rather than any physician, by January 2015. Foster care (SB 1340 SD2 HD2 CD1) Allows foster children, starting in July 2014, to remain in the foster system until they are 21 years old.
FAILED

Green infrastructure loans (SB 1087 SD2 HD3 CD1) Establishes a green infrastructure loan program to provide low-cost financing for solar that would be repaid through consumer electric bills. Authorizes the state to issue revenue bonds to generate money for the loans. Historic preservation (SB 1171 SD1 HD2) Allows for the phased review of historic preservation on construction projects along corridors or large land areas, where access is restricted, or where circumstances dictate construction in stages. Pesticide reports (HB 673 HD2 SD2 CD1) Requires the state Department of Agriculture to post information about restricted use pesticides on its website. Shoreline access (HB 17 HD1 SD2) Makes permanent a law that requires landowners to remove unmaintained vegetation that blocks shoreline access. Deletes an exception that allowed people to take one gallon of sand a day from beaches, unless the removal is for a public emergency or traditional cultural practices. Agricultural practices (SB 326 SD1 HD1 CD1) Creates a good agricultural practices task force to identify and develop food safety guidelines for locally farmed produce.
FAILED

School transportation (SB 1082 SD1 HD2 CD1 Gives the state Department of Education more flexibility over school bus contracts to curtail costs. Ballot handling (SB 827 SD1 HD1) Prohibits businesses, unions and political candidates from assisting voters with completing absentee ballots. Financial disclosure (HB 1132 HD1 SD1 CD1) Requires state lawmakers to file financial disclosure reports each year with the state Ethics Commission in January, when session opens, rather than in May. Parental rights (SB 529 SD1 HD1) Prohibits biological parents from being awarded visitation or custody of a child if the parent was convicted of rape or sexual assault that conceived the child. Booting (SB 1214 SD1 HD2 CD1) Prohibits anyone from applying wheel boots to disable motor vehicles parked on public or private property. Feral birds (HB 619 HD1 SD1) Establishes the odor and filth that results from feeding feral birds as a nuisance that can be abated by the state Department of Health.
FAILED

Requires all front and back seat passengers to be reRequires financial in- strained by seat belts or child seats. stitutions to report suspected financial Cruelty to animals abuse of an elder to (SB 978 HD1 CD1) county police and Prohibits a sentence the state Department of Human Serv- of probation for first- or second-deices. gree animal cruelty Breastfeeding offenses that involve in the workplace at least 10 pet ani(SB 532 SD1 HD1 mals. CD1) Requires businesses with at least 20 workers to provide employees with reasonable break time to express breast milk for one year after their child's birth.
FAILED

Pet ownership (SB 9 SD1 HD2 CD1) Prohibits convicted first-degree animal cruelty offenders from owning or living with pets for at least five years. Animal trapping (SB 6 SD1 HD1 CD1) Establishes using steel-jawed and other leg-hold traps in residential or prohibited areas as a misdemeanor animal cruelty offense.
FAILED

Income taxes Ends a 2009 income tax increase on the wealthy a year earlier than planned and provides for a middle-class tax cut. Hotel-room tax increase Increases the hotelroom tax to 11.25 percent in July, up from 9.25 percent. Film workforce Establishes a workforce development training program that could offset the wages of new hires on film productions that claim tax credits. Asset building Creates a state earned income tax credit to help low-income workers. Fossil fuels Levies the state’s barrel tax on liquid, gaseous and solid fossil fuels. Tobacco taxes Imposes an excise tax on tobacco products other than large cigars to raise money for a cancer research special fund. Casino gambling Grants a 20-year license for a standalone casino in Waikiki. Imposes a 15 percent wagering tax on gross receipts.

Preschool Establishes an early childhood education program to move the state toward universal preschool. GET for schools Increases the state’s 4 percent general excise tax by 1 percentage point to raise money for public education. UH salary approval Requires the University of Hawaii Board of Regents to submit to the Legislature for approval salary range proposals that are more than twice the governor’s salary prior to recruiting for university positions. Tuition money Prohibits using money from the UH tuition and fees special fund to pay executive and managerial salaries greater than $150,000. UH regent appointments Asks voters whether to amend the state Constitution so the governor no longer has to choose UH regents from recommendations from an advisory council.

Minimum wage Gradually increases the minimum wage from $7.25 to $9 an hour by 2017. Unemployment insurance tax Averts a scheduled increase in the unemployment insurance tax on businesses this year. Captive insurance Creates a captive insurance company to manage the Employer-Union Health Benefits Trust Fund. GMO labeling Imposes labeling requirements on genetically modified produce sold in the state. Labor disputes Forces the Hawaii Labor Relations Board to resolve complaints within a set time frame. Social media Prohibits employers from asking employees or applicants for their personal social media account usernames or passwords. Helmets Encourages motorcyclists to wear helmets by offering discounts on county vehicle taxes.

Soda fee Imposes a fee of 1 cent per ounce on sugary beverages to raise money for state obesity and chronic disease prevention programs. Same-sex marriage Allows same-sex couples to marry under state law. Public hospitals Enables public hospitals in the Hawaii Health Systems Corp. to go private. Public hospitals task force Establishes a task force to determine whether public hospitals should engage in public-private partnerships. Long-term care Calls for a feasibility study and actuarial analysis of a public long-term care insurance program. Autism coverage Requires health insurers to cover autism spectrum disorder treatments. Foster care pay Increases the monthly board reimbursement rate for foster care families.

Solar tax credits Gradually reduces solar tax credits that have proven costly to the state. Bag fee Imposes a fee on single-use checkout bags to help fund watershed protection. Conveyance tax Increases the conveyance tax on highend real estate deals to help fund watershed protection. Ag bonds Creates a special fund to help the Agribusiness Development Corp. use $175 million in revenue bonds to purchase Dole Food Co. land in Wahiawa. Taro protection Designates taro growing lands as special agricultural lands to be protected from development. Industrial hemp Authorizes the state Department of Agriculture to run a twoyear industrial hemp remediation and biofuel crop pilot program.

Elections Commission Requires the state Elections Commission to conduct performance reviews of the chief election officer every six months. Candidate residency Asks voters whether the state Constitution should be amended to require candidates for state Senate or House to live in the districts they want to represent for at least one year before elections. Steven Tyler Act Allows civil lawsuits against photographers who take unauthorized photos of celebrities engaged in personal or familial activities at home. Beer labeling Authorizes the state Department of Agriculture to request that beer labels indicate the place of production if the beer was not produced in Hawaii but its label gives the false impression that it was. Homeless parking Designates overnight parking lots for homeless who live in cars.

Marijuana legalization Authorizes people at least 21 years old to consume and possess small amounts of marijuana. Marijuana decriminalization Decriminalizes the possession of up to 20 grams of marijuana but imposes a $100 civil fine. Bus stop conduct Creates a disorderly conduct offense for laying or sleeping on bus stop benches for at least one hour. Red light cameras Sets a three-year pilot program for counties to test a photo red light detector system. Media shield law Makes permanent a 5-year-old law protecting journalists from the compelled disclosure of confidential sources or other information.

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