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Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act

Photos and Population Trend Graphs

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Photos and Population Trend Graphs

Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States

North Atlantic Right Whale
a s ym pt o t ic po pula t io n gro wt h ra t e m o de ls

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n.b. trend since listing is unknow n due to lack of early surveys; current trend is declining 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

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Blue Whale
Eastern North Pacific stock 3000

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Fin Whale
4000 3000 2000 1000 0
82 84 86 90 92 94 80 88 96 98 00

Western North Atlantic estimate Eastern North Pacific, CA counts

Humpback Whale
Feeding Stocks 1200 U.S. West Coast 800 400 0 Southeast Alaska

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Photos and Population Graphs

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000 88 90 Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge 300 200 100 0 73 67 76 82 70 79 91 85 00 88 94 97 03 11 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 92 Delmarva Fox Squirrel 94 96 98 00 02 04 .S.S.000 1. Sperm Whale 4000 U. Pacific Coast Northern Gulf of Mexico Florida Manatee 3.Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Sei Whale Population trend since listing is unknown.000 2. Atlantic 3000 2000 1000 0 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 U. The Sei whale is poorly studied and rarely seen.

000 65 68 71 74 77 80 83 86 89 92 95 98 01 04 Eastern Cougar Probably extinct.000 0 Great Lakes Population 71 91 63 67 75 79 83 Indiana Bat 900. NJ migration count Photos and Population Graphs 87 95 99 03 12 .000 500.000 1.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Eastern Gray Wolf 4.000 700. The last known cougar died in captivity in the early 1940s. Sporadic but unverified sightings continue to this day in southeast Canada and Northeast United States. Arctic Peregrine Falcon 2000 1600 1200 800 400 0 70 82 85 88 91 94 76 73 79 97 00 03 Cape May.000 3.000 300.000 2.

280 6000 4000 2000 417 0 63 67 71 75 79 83 87 91 95 99 02 Northeast States pairs 600 562 500 Maine 400 pairs 385 300 400 300 200 100 27 0 200 100 27 0 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 67 94 86 74 62 New Hamphsire and Massachusetts pairs 20 16 12 8 5 4 1 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 NH 0 100 66 70 New York and New Jersey pairs 78 82 90 98 19 75 94 MA 8 50 25 NY NJ 13 5 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Connecticut and New Jersey w intering eagles 200 150 100 50 0 78 82 84 88 00 02 80 04 06 86 90 92 94 96 98 NJ CT 13 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 03 53 .Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Lower 48 pairs 8000 7.

S.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Atlantic Piping Plover 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 99 95 89 85 87 91 93 97 01 03 U. pairs Atlantic Piping Plover 800 Atlantic Piping Plover 600 500 400 Recovery goal 600 Recovery goal 400 New England pairs 200 300 200 100 New York & New Jersey pairs 0 0 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 86 88 90 92 96 94 98 00 02 04 Great Lakes Piping Plover breeding pairs 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 89 85 87 91 Whooping Crane 400 300 200 100 0 67 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 Photos and Population Graphs 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 14 .

Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Eskimo Curlew May be extinct.000 88 73 70 76 79 82 85 91 94 97 American Peregrine Falcon 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Breedng pairs 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 Red-cockaded Woodpecker active clusters. FL 600 Apalachicola RD 30 Angelina NF. in 1962 and outside the U.000 5. the last being on Martha’s Vineyard. representative populations 40 Apalachicola RD. TX 20 Sabine NF. Massachusetts in 2002. TX 10 Ichauw ay.000 14.000 11.000 8.S. Intriguing.S. It was not listed as an endangered species until 1967. but undocumented sightings are made every few years. The Eskimo curlew was last documented in the U.000 2. Eastern Brown Pelican Atlantic Coast nests 17. GA 0 0 200 78 81 84 87 90 93 96 15 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 99 02 00 400 . in 1963.

waters in 1967.000 3. Population 4.S.S.750 1. The longjaw cisco was extirpated from U. Blue Pike Extinct. The blue pike was protected under a precursor to the Endangered Species act in 1967. was last seen in 1971. and protected under the modern Endangered Species s Act in 1974.500 95 87 89 91 93 97 99 01 03 Northeast Roseate Tern Maine & New Ham pshire pairs 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 NH 1.500 3.500 MA 91 97 95 99 89 01 87 93 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 Longjaw cisco Extinct.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Northeast Roseate Tern U.000 1. and last seen in Canada in 1975. listed as endangered in 1967.000 2.000 NY Northeast Roseate Tern New York & Massachusetts pairs ME 2. Photos and Population Graphs 03 16 .500 4.250 1.

Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Shortnose Sturgeon 60000 40000 Hudson River 20000 Delaw are River 0 77 80 83 86 89 92 01 Shortnose Sturgeon 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Low er Connecticut Altamaha River Kennebec System 77 86 89 80 83 95 98 92 95 98 01 97 00 Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 03 Texas Nests Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle 8.000 2.000 6.000 4.000 0 Mexico Nests 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 04 03 17 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 04 .

000 0 Index Beaches Florida Nests 79 82 85 88 91 Photos and Population Graphs 97 94 95 98 18 .Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Atlantic Leatherback Sea Turtle 800 Florida Nests 400 Statew ide 0 87 78 90 93 81 84 99 00 Index Beaches 96 02 03 Hawksbill Sea Turtle 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Buck Island.000 0 78 81 84 87 90 93 96 99 02 Florida Nests Index Beaches tw o year count Statew ide Atlantic Loggerhead Sea Turtle 80.000 2.000 6.000 60.000 4.000 8.000 Statew ide 20. PR Nesting Fem ales 80 83 89 77 86 92 74 Atlantic Green Sea Turtle 10. USVI Mona Island.000 40.

Karner Blue Butterfly 30000 Necedah NWR. WI 1000 800 20000 600 400 10000 Concord Airport. 19 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 05 200 0 .Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Northern Red-belllied Cooter headstarted turtles. cum ulative 3000 2000 1000 0 93 99 01 95 03 89 85 87 91 Bog Turtle The population trend since listing is unknown due to lack of rangewide surveys. 0 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 97 Mitchell’s satyr butterfly Graphable population data are not available. but the species is known to be relatively stable since being listed.

000 Virginia 40. MD 20.000 800 600 400 200 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Massachusetts Connecticut Northeastern Beach Tiger Beetle 2000 1500 1000 500 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Massachusetts and New Jersey Chesapeake Bay 60.000 4.000 Janes & Cedar Island.000 Chesapeake Bay 6.000 Calvert County.000 2.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Puritan Tiger Beetle 8. MD 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Photos and Population Graphs 20 .000 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Puritan Tiger Beetle Connecticut River 1.

OK 0 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 0 Chittenango Ovate Amber Snail 800 600 400 200 0 02 03 04 05 n. 21 Photos and Population Trend Graphs . However.Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act American Burying Beetle 8 6 4 2 0 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Introduced and Captive Populations American Burying Beetle 3000 600 300 2000 400 Southw est Block Island 200 Nantucket cumulative introductions 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 1000 100 200 400 American Burying Beetle Camp Gruber. and generally better off than most listed mussels. trend since listing is unknow n as early surveys w ere not systematic Dwarf Wedge Mussel Due to the difficulty of surveying for this secretive mussel. there are no quantitative data on its trend since listing. discovery of significant new populations. OK Wyerhaeuser.b. and lack of funding. It is considered stable. relatively healthy in recent years.

and NC Sandplain Gerardia 500 plants. overall status is unknown due to lack of systematic surveys in Photos and Population Graphs 96 98 02 04 03 22 . NY.000 120. thousands 400 300 200 100 0 MA. CT. NY 25 20 15 10 5 0 populations 00 92 94 88 90 Sensitive Joint-Vetch 10000 New Jersey 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 92 82 84 86 88 90 94 n. RI. VA.000 40.500 1.100 700 300 93 95 91 89 87 97 99 01 Seabeach Amaranth 200. MD. NJ.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Jesup's Milk-Vetch 1.000 0 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 DE.000 80.b.000 160.900 Stem count 1.

but the species is known to be relatively stable since at least 1992.000 2.000 6.000 4.000 0 90 88 96 92 80 86 94 98 00 82 84 Dwarf Cinquefoil 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 23 Photos and Population Trend Graphs 02 98 .Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Northern wild monkshood Graphable population data are not available. American Hart's Tongue 120 90 60 30 0 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 Total New York plants as a percent of the 19931995 population Furbish Lousewort 8.

New York 2000 0 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 Northeastern Bulrush 160 Tow nsend.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States Leedy's Roseroot 8000 6000 4000 Glenora Cliff. VT 120 80 40 0 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 Representative populations Rockingham. but the species is classified as having increased because the 1994 downlisting to “threatened” status unambiguously describes its improved state. Small whorled pogonia Graphable population data are lacking. VT American chaff seed Population trend since listing is unknown due to lack of systematic. Photos and Population Graphs 24 . Additional trend research is needed. it appears well-managed and may in fact have remained stable or increased since listing. rangewide surveys. however. independent of newly discovered populations.

rangewide surveys. Swamp-pink Population trend since listing is unknown due to lack of consistent. rangewide surveys. 25 Photos and Population Trend Graphs .Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act Eastern prairie white-fringed orchid Population trend since listing is unknown due to lack of consistent. Knieskern's beaked-rush Population trend since listing is unknown due to lack of systematic rangewide surveys. A rangewide recovery assessment will be completed in 2006.

Cape May Hawkwatch. and M. February. NH.myfwc.Kisiel. Prospero. American burying beetle population estimate for southwest Block Island. Sudbury MA.Hecht. Newton Corner. 2005. 2006. Unpublished report.Ohio Department of Natural Resources. 2001. 1991. Atlantic hawksbill sea turtle . 2006.Raithel. . 2006.A.Fish and Wildlife Research Institute. . mark-recapture and LincolnPeterson index with Bailey corrections for small population size. 2006.asp?id=10690).gov/NR/rdonlyres/A6B32CA8-0E2D-49CE-A3B7-BCC633BCDD95/14/dnrecnew144.Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States American burying beetle .Cape May Bird Observatory. Schedule of Proposed Action. 2005. Missouri Department of Conservation. L. . American burying beetle (Nicrophorus americanus) recovery plan.ct. Maine Audubon's Piping Plover & Least Tern Recovery Project. 1999. The American Burying Beetle Recovery Program: Saving nature's most efficient and fascinating recyclers. New Jersey Audubon Society. 2006.Mckenna-Foster. Missouri's Threatened and Endangered Species Accomplishment Report: July 1. Status Justification for Listing the Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) as Critically Endangered on the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals.org/conservation/burying%20beetle%20program. C. American Burying Beetle (Nicrophorus americanus). Maple. Fish and Wildlife Service. A. RI. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Fish and Wildlife Service. Nantucket. Fish and Wildlife Research Institute. Rhode Island Division of Fish and Wildlife. Personal communication with Michael Amaral.htm) accessed October. Atlantic piping plover . DRNEC News Vol 144.U. 2006. M. .Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.myfwc.us/burnatr/wildlife/special/peregrine/pfstory.S.B. 2006.S. Egan Institute of Marine Studies. P.Fish and Wildlife Research Institute. P. 2004-2005. L.fws. . American peregrine Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. Fish and Wildlife Service.njaudubon. Florida's Index Nesting Beach Survey Data. Providence. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Unpublished data provided by Christopher Raithel. W. . M. Division of Wildlife. Arctic peregrine . 2005. and R.state.June 30. Anne. 2005. 2004 .pdf) . Connecticut’s Peregrine Falcon Story. 10-01/04-12/31/04.T.Amaral. Website (www. M.asp?id=10690). .L. C. Abstract presented at the First Nantucket Biodiversity Initiative Conference. Atlantic leatherback sea turtle . Atlantic green sea turtle . MA. MA. Available at (http://research. Roger Williams Park Zoo.gov/ifw2es/Oklahoma/beetle1. .Meylan.Wayne National Forest. 2005.com/features/view_article. L. A. .S. Available at (http://www. 3(2):177–184. Florida's Index Nesting Beach Survey Data. Kennedy. American burying beetle (Nicrophorus americanus) survey and reintroduction to Nantucket.html) accessed January 2005. American Burying Beetle project coordinator. 1999. Fish and Wildlife Research Institute.Garrity. U. Website (http://dep.mainebirding. . W. Perrotti. . 2005. Roger Williams Park Zoo American Burying Beetle Project Statistics.Fish and Wildlife Research Institute. U. 2005.myfwc.htm) .S. Fish and Wildlife Service.com/features/view_article. November 28. 2006.S. A. Photos and Population Graphs 26 . Personal communication with Anne Hecht.Perrotti. Enhancing piping plover habitat in New Jersey.asp?id=10690). 2005 Piping Plover and Least Tern Report.Mckenna-Foster. Donnell.net/news/stories/20. Maple. Available at (http://www. November 23. Website (www. September 24.Homer. 2005.htm) accessed January 29. Florida's Index Nesting Beach Survey Data. . Fish and Wildlife Service. Status of the Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Caribbean Region. Spreadsheet provided by Lou Perrotti. MA. Maine Birding Net. Roger Williams Park Zoo.dnrec. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Website: (http://www.Dabeck. 1999.S. Concord. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. Amaral.T. 2006. 2004.Meylan. and R. Endangered and Nongame Species Program. Kennedy. Atlantic loggerhead sea turtle . 2005. 2005. American Burying Beetle (Nicrophorus americanus) survey and reintroduction on Nantucket 2005..S. Available at (http://research.. 2005.delaware. Coffin School. 2004-2005 Wildlife Population Status and Hunting Forecast.com/features/view_article.cfm) accessed January 29.org/Sightings/cmhw25. U.U. New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife. Available at (http://research. 2005. Fish and Wildlife Research Institute.rogerwilliamsparkzoo. 2005. 2005. February 14. 2005.

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