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Feb 28, 2002 Nightmare on an Ahmedabad street

GUJARAT RIOTS

A Beast Asleep?
Ten years after Gujarat 2002, Outlook asks if we’re likely to witness such horror again
SABA NAQVI, SMRUTI KOPPIKAR Like TEXT SIZE 99 Send Tw eet 44 COMMENTS PRINT
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ndia is a nation that was born in the bloodshed and displacement of the Partition riots. In its

DNA, it inherited the schizoid gene of being a large Hindu nation with one of the world’s largest Muslim populations. It was a historical faultline that was exploited for politics time and again. Ahimsa was the Gandhian ideal we paid lip service to but the reality far too often was mass violence. In urban ghettos, in the old cities across the land, small riots were part of the cycle of life. A religious procession would be taken out, a skirmish would take place, curfew would be clamped, a minor riot would have just taken place or been barely averted. But the Gujarat riots of 2002 marked the apogee of communal hatred. Ten years after the Sabarmati Express coach was set afire in Godhra on February 27, and after the bloodbath that followed, we must pause and ask: can it happen again? Many would argue that it cannot because, in the long term, Narendra Modi has had to pay a price for presiding over a bloodbath after the advent of 24-hour television. In the immediate aftermath of the riots, however, he gained enormously. Modi ran a communally charged election campaign six months after the violence, when he would famously use “Mian Musharraf” as a rhetorical term for the entire Muslim community. Modi had been sent to Gujarat in October 2001, at a time when the BJP under Keshubhai Patel was doing badly and had lost a byelection. He began his first term as CM on Oct 7, 2001; five months later, the carnage happened; later in the year, in December 2002, he won the state election with a huge margin and began his second term. He has now been the longest-serving chief minister of Gujarat and will contest later this year for a fourth term.

And, of course, there was Elvis Costello (not a boy, but a man at 35) saying the unsayable: 'Tramp The Dirt Down' in a BBC2 Live Performance:

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Right-wing ideologue “There were always political motives to the riots in Hyderabad. how Ehsaan Jafri begged for the life of those who had sought his protection in Gulberg Society. political costs of riots have been rising since communal discontent does not fully 1984 and after 2002. Hyderabad “Riots can happen again in Mumbai.” Julio F. not animosity. sometimes MIM.com/ items. death tolls. “The whole psychology was different as Sikhs were a prosperous community that people admired and envied. Islamic scholar “The poorer people of Mumbai have moved northwards which means fewer paradoxes exist. he has become the development man. which had a decade before Gujarat orchestrated vicious riots in Mumbai.com/article. Nandy points out that the anti-Sikh riots of 1984 actually claimed the largest toll. but it begins to take the form of hiany chance of ever being PM. But they were just numbers. MP and cleric “A Gujarat-type riot can happen only if there’s complicity between the Centre and state government. Even BJP president Nitin Gadkari says.” Kamala Ganesh.” Sanjay Nirupam. the human rights industry has emerged. which means all shades of politicians are busy getting wealthy. But it’s a blot the Congress always tries to live down and not celebrate. Author and academic “The possibility of a big riot happening cannot be ruled out. killed.” Ashutosh Varshney. Mumbai “No riot can happen without tension being built up by parties and outfits. the faceless victims of communal carnage. There were victims in Mumbai. how Zahira Sheikh survived the grisly burning of the Best Bakery in which her family was roasted alive. how his widow Zakia Jafri still fights for justice and says her husband called the CM’s residence for help. A rampaging Sena fans flames through incendiary articles and inciting attacks on Muslim localities. Ribeiro. The only place I can see it being replicated is Karnataka but the middle class there is more diverse. Narendra Modi has blown disappear.K. Sociologist “Mumbai is even today a tinderbox and vested interests can still play with people’s emotions. The photograph of Qutubuddin Ansari begging for his life epitomises the plight of an entire community in Gujarat. they are trying it in Karnataka. Today there are different concerns. earlier riots in Ahmedabad.outlookindia. “What happened in Gujarat was an unfortunate incident. That insecurity not only still exists in Mumbai. Moradabad. But in Gujarat 2002. Ex-police chief. The Hindu-Muslim equation is another story. The Tyrant Diaries Waxing Sapphic Gently 'Khoon Ka Badla Khoon' Top Engineering Colleges Because. Hyderabad. www. The Sangh has not given up on that kind of mobilisation. a city that actually recorded one of the first big postPartition riots in 1969. But we have faith in majority.” Mahmood Madani.” Asghar Ali Engineer. Hari Prasad. Congress leader “There was a context to riots and places where riots were habitual. how limbs of children were hacked and little boys flung to their death in Naroda Patiya. the business-friendly leader. He appeared to be showing off”.” Achyut Yagnik. Siasat. Employment. Well Just Because 20 Best Hindi Film Songs Ever Just Dumb Charades Singapore Diary Pearly Gates? Everybody Loves A Poor Speech Find us on Facebook Outlookindia Like Outlookindia Pranab Mukherjee Rejected 16 Mercy Petitions in 9 Months http://news. Congress MP “Aggressive Gujarati middle class believes in hard Hindutva. media is more intrusive. but his image makeover as an acceptable national figure has not worked.4/13/13 A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi Education. Modi celebrated the riots. I don’t think it can or should happen again.aspx?280032 2/9 . Sociologist Ashis Nandy says that the problem also arose because for “months afterwards. Even the Shiv Sena. The rhetoric against north Indians is similar and we have also seen sporadic violent attacks against bhaiyyas although Mumbai moves on our finance and enterprise.” B. thankfully.158 people like Outlookindia. Which is what happened in ’02. Surat. With rising incomes. at times it’s even sharper. Historian 13.” Swapan Dasgupta.” Aroon Tikekar. The scale of violence may be difficult but not impossible because people who order such riots sit safe somewhere and stand to gain. tech terrorism as opposed to low-tech mass Sociologist riots. Majority and minority communities have become more selfreflexive. Bhiwandi. consequently administrations have to be more responsive.outlookindia. Average citizens and party workers react out of insecurity. Jamshedpur. civil society and the media. As for Modi. The spoils of power and office are now distributed among the parties. sometimes the Andhra lobby.” says Nandy. elsewhere middle class at best believes in soft Hindutva.aspx?artid=795218 File-PTI Photo Modi is stuck with the taint because Gujarat was the first mega riot in the age of 24-hour TV. the stories were documented in heart-wrenching detail and etched in our collective memories.” Ashis Nandy. Sometimes Bajrang Dal. not because “Riots are regular occurrences at low levels of of any growth in ethics but because the national income.” MOST VIEWED MOST COMMENTED “I don’t think it can happen again. and the pregnant woman raped repeatedly. Ansari survived. (Photograph by Sherw in Crasto) He most famously used communal polarisation as a political technique and it worked within the boundaries of Gujarat. Empowerment RECENT Bom bay 1992-93 Babri demolition sparks off first phase in Dec. Now things have changed because of the media and Hyderabad’s expansion. Author and historian “1992-93 won’t happen in the same way in the near future because the potential of that particular anti-minority track has been temporarily exhausted. We cannot forget that there is no preventive law in place and those guilty of orchestrating riots are not punished. looked like relative amateurs at the riot technique compared to the systematic method that was applied and revelled in inside Gujarat.” Amir Ali Khan. flung against a rock. How Bilqis Bano’s daughter was snatched from her hands. Bhagalpur.

rumours. Bombay had its Hindu. but not cosmopolitan. The Thackerays have again bounced back in the local polls in Maharashtra. in two phases in December 1992 and January 1993. its pavements could turn into homes. one can argue that the political price of riots is now too high. 1992. it’s easier now to target this or that community and in many areas the “other” is not welcome at all. Resilient. has made the divisions sharper. But the city of Mumbai has changed under their watch. 2011) T he Shiv Sena in 1993 called itself the “defender of Hindus”.4/13/13 A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi Flash points The Dec 6. was wrongly accused of rioting and acquitted after 16 long years. (Photograph by HT (From Outlook. Modi is quite stuck. After that. he says. March 05. came to symbolise the worst face of a seemingly inclusive city.000 injured and nearly 1.outlookindia. the CMs of Bengal. its streets offered anonymity.000 displaced. In fact. its constant whirring machine of enterprise and entrepreneurship played the great equaliser. Babri Masjid demolition. Bombay was the city of dreams. Naveen Patnaik and Nitish Kumar. 575 of them Muslims. Orissa and Bihar would not like to share a platform with Modi even if realpolitik were to force any sort of arrangement with the BJP. losing one legal battle to come back with another. Sabarmati’s burning coach The 2002 Gujarat riots also marked the coming of age of anti-communal activism. The ferocity and cruelty of the violence that ripped right through Bombay (which became Mumbai later) in the aftermath of the Babri Masjid demolition. 1990 125-150 people died in riots set off by killing of Muslims near a mosque by PAC. The Srikrishna Commission www. activists and lawyers who live within Gujarat have consistently fought against a state administration determined to block any probe. Till then the city would be described as a cosmopolitan megacity where caste. The ghettoising effect of 1993. A bank employee now. yes. says Farooq Mapkar. such a place could not be derailed by communal violence? This belief turned into a shattered myth in those two spans of ’92-93 when nearly 850 people were killed. which continues even today. class and religion were not the dominant markers of public life.com/article. Misreporting. he is certainly bogged down by it. T he perpetrators of riots are long-term players in the political landscape. who was witness to five namazis being shot in Hari Masjid by policemen. On the national stage. Surely. Outside Gujarat. Indeed. but regional parties want to keep a distance from him. Bombay became Mumbai and no one really calls it a cosmopolitan place any longer.aspx?280032 3/9 .and Muslim-dominated neighbourhoods but they were not community-insulated as has happened in the post-riots era. Several citizens. If the big players of any regional front in the future are to be Mamata Banerjee. Although Modi has been able to stay one step ahead of the legal snare. individuals like Teesta Setalvad have never relented. “There is now a Muslim Mumbai and a Hindu Mumbai. he may have appeal for the BJP cadre. over 2. partisan PAC kept flames alive for nine days.00.” Aligarh.

killing 257 and injuring 800. Now after every major and minor terror attack on Mumbai. Delhi Hailakandi. It rankles the victims that justice has still not been done.224).267 9 6 6 12 6 5 10 Till ’92-93. Bihar Surat Malpura. Jamshedpur and Rourk ela k illed 2. If at that time the Muslims were the target. Orissa Indore Bhagalpur Ahmedabad Jaipur Jodhpur Lucknow Chandni Chowk. Bihar Kanpur Malegaon Gujarat Marad.com/article. The bomb blasts that followed in March 1993. East 3. As many as 32 policemen. When the Shiv Sena-BJP came to power in Maharashtra in 1994. mind-numbing violence in recent years.000 cases registered against their workers. Jalgaon.500 80 12 17 1.426. the ’80s. worthy of being compared to Scotland Yard. 16 in West. has moved on. deaths due to bomb blasts not included Data: Alk a Gupta *** Year Aug ’67 Mar ’68 Sep ’69 May ’70 May ’70 Oct ’77 Mar ’78 Sep ’78 Oct ’78 April ’79 Aug ’80 Apr ’81 Sep ’82 Dec ’82 Feb ’83 Sep ’83 May ’84 Oct ’84 Apr ’85 Jul ’86 Apr/May’87 Mar ’89 Oct ’89 Oct ’89 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Oct ’90 Nov ’90 Dec ’90 Dec ’90 Dec ’90 May ’91 May ’91 Oct ’92 Dec ’92 Dec ’92 Dec ’92 Dec ’92 Dec ’92/Jan ’93 Nov/Dec ’97 Feb ’98 Dec ’98 Mar 2001 Mar ’01 Oct ’01 Feb-May ’02 May ’02 Apr ’06 May ’06 Dec ’07 Oct ’08 Sep ’09 Sep ’11 Place Hatia. * In ’64. Mah. 20 in North India Ahmedabad has seen five major riots. Tyagi was promoted to the post of city commissioner during the Sena-BJP regime in Maharashtra soon after. but communal violence no longer pays. were severely indicted by the Srikrishna Commission (SKC) for acts of omission and commission during the riots. have resulted in convictions. The Mumbai police registered four offences against him for a communally provocative editorial exhorting such violence. Assam Patna Hyderabad Agra Hassan. Mumbai is still a tinderbox and vested interests can still play with people.4/13/13 he Shiv Sena in 1993 called itself the “defender of Hindus”. not only is justice a prerequisite for reconciliation. victims say. the city police was seen as a proud force in khaki. This one-sided justice has exacted its price.161 41 52 20 33 100 37 18 165 31 60 200 150 28 40 44 152 24 254 143 872 20 60 12 8 14 13 1. their brutality and vehemence during the ’92-93 carnage turned them in the public eye into a force that did not hesitate to display the saffron beneath the khaki. mohalla committees mobilise their peace soldiers in bastis. Though political organisations may have found it increasingly difficult to stoke such largescale.819 45 146 2. it’s also a necessary signal to those who believe they stand to gain by engineering such violence. Hyderabad. Mah.500. they “were Shiv Sainiks at heart and policemen of a supposedly secular state by accident”. The old city is still a hothouse. Mysore Hyderabad Aligarh Baroda Meerut Sitamarhi. Karnataka Bharatpur Toll 183 82 512 76 100 5 25 20 30 120 1. Kerala Aligarh Baroda Kandhamal Bhainsa. barely a year after Bombay burned. West 3. a wave of rioting in Calcutta. Bombay would burn. Tyagi. Varanasi Sambhal. Amir Ali of the influential Urdu 4/9 . Muslims display their patriotism through solidarity marches in case they’re perceived as anti-nationals. *** Riot After Riot Fifty-eight major communal riots in 47 places since 1967 Ten in South India. 12 in East.733 300 59 70 17 27 1.aspx?280032 Still. Andhra Kanpur Bhopal Bombay Coimbatore Coimbatore Surathkal. None was punished.000 bail. it escaped his notice that the city had already burnt.581. the question of justice can’t be forgotten when we talk of riots. Mah Delhi Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Meerut Bhadrak. but no one has been punished for the ’92-93 riots except former Sena MLA Madhukar Sarpotdar who was convicted in July 2008 and let off on a Rs 5.828 (South 597. in fact. The subsequent Congress governments did not drop cases against Muslims that even the SKC concluded were false. North 5. including then joint commissioner R. then CM Sudhakarrao Naik famously said if certain leaders were arrested. for instance. Every bomb blast and terror attack since has meant comb-and-search-andarrest operations in their mohallas. Besides. As police officers and constables told the Indian People’s Tribunal in the immediate months.outlookindia. UP Hyderabad Aligarh Jamshedpur Moradabad Biharsharif Meerut Baroda Nellie. Andhra Miraj. today the “other” is the bhaiyya or migrant from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Note: Only riots with a toll of five or more included. The Srikrishna A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi Commission report famously indicted Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray and said that “like a veteran general. The peace is kept but the tensions simmer. community elders come out requesting calm and peace. the administration withdrew as many as 3. none since ’64* The 1990s saw the most riots in the last five decades: 23 The 1970s saw seven riots. The Muslims in the ghettos are angry and often justifiably so. Senior Sena leaders refuse to discuss the riots but point to the “thousands of illegal Bangladeshi migrants and Pakistani sympathisers” who live in the myriad lanes of the metropolis and “sometimes need to be put in their place”. Karnataka Nalanda. Mandya. the 2000s have seen 13 Total toll: 12. but the go-ahead to prosecute was not given by the state government. Calcutta. he commanded his loyal Shiv Sainiks to retaliate by organised attacks against Muslims. Assam Ahmedabad Bhiwandi. especially in January 1993”.D. the cycle has been broken in other cities. four. Assam Hyderabad Bhiwandi. 14. Hyderabad. Ranchi Karimganj. T www.

Political: Parties and politicians play on the emotions of votebanks. Global: Rumours and whispers that travel across the wired world about defacement or denigration of holy scriptures and holy figures in books. calls it the institutionalised riot system or IRS. damn’d spot! out.outlookindia. to say the least. Brass. Does such an IRS still prevail in Mumbai. like us on Faceb ook for important and fun stuff TRANSLATE INTO: Select Language Pow ered by Translate ALSO IN THIS STORY GUJARAT RIOTS That Summer Of Their Discontent Blood spilt in the Hashimpura massacre and riots in 1987 remain fresh for survivors DEBARSHI DASGUPTA NARENDRA MODI Dear Narendrabhai.aspx?280032 SUNDEEP DOUGAL 5/9 . spreading of rumours”. As that currently seems unlikely. deliberately or otherwise.. often to expand it. newspaper articles. the political saga of Modi continues. Before 1994.. Amir Ali of the influential Urdu daily. Sporting events as a test of patriotism and nationalism. intent and regime to trigger anything on the scale of the Gujarat riots. who’s studied India’s communal tension and violence. Paul R. Economic: The feeling of being left behind. Especially prevalent among minorities who are excluded. This IRS. though one could not pinpoint an exact reason. but it would take a certain conjunction of politics. He could ruminate over that quote of Lady Macbeth’s who kept washing her hands. a loud prayer. “Out. He was in fact a member of the Majlise-e-Ittehadul-Muslimeen run by the Owaisi family that still has a grip on sections in the city! The linkages are circuitous. or Bhiwandi. I say”! Riot Triggers Social: The feeling of being left out of the discourse. Modi can perhaps examine his predicament from a philosophical. Could You Please. and “the production of a riot involves calculated and deliberate actions by key individuals. he says. Siasat. Then. Moharram or Bonalu (an Andhra festival). Meanwhile. leading to ghettoisation.. Aurangabad. but communal violence no longer pays. activists of the Hindu right were arrested in Karnataka trying to raise a Pakistan flag in a Muslim area. cartoons. W hat this story illustrates is that an attempt to trigger a riot is a political tactic. or an animal’s carcass thrown into a place of worship Commercial: Rivalries sparked off by encroachment of traditional areas of business and economic activity Verbal: Provocative speeches that stereotype and instigate the intended target on the basis of language. he says. author and political scientist from the University of Washington. he can be a national player only if the BJP gets a majority on its own. As things stand now. violence took place every year over processions of Ganesh Chaturthi. Denial of rights and harassment spawn sense of injustice. They presumably hoped they would trigger a riot and blame it on Muslims. *** By Saba Naqvi in New Delhi and Smruti Koppik ar in Mumbai Like TEXT SIZE 99 Send Tw eet 44 COMMENTS PRINT 1 FILED IN: AUTHORS: SABA NAQVI | SMRUTI KOPPIKAR PEOPLE: NARENDRA MODI | TEESTA SETALVAD | THACKERAYS | ZAKIYA NASIM JAFRI | QUTUBUDDIN ANSARI TAGS: GUJARAT: RIOTS 2002 | BJP | SHIV SENA | MUSLIMS | COMMUNAL-COMMUNALISM | GUJARAT: GODHRA 2002 | RIOTS | 1984 ANTI-SIKH RIOTS SECTION: NATIONAL SUBSECTION: COVER STORIES PLACES: GUJARAT | MUMBAI | DELHI | HYDERABAD Follow us on Twitter for all updates. Malegaon. provocative activities and conveying of messages. Poor education. . Religious: Perceived slights to sentiments. was created largely in northern and western India and it can be activated by politicians during political mobilisation or elections. Rabble-rousing about ‘appeasement’. when the TDP came to power. a poster appeared in the old city of Hyderabad depicting Ganesh with Kaaba under one foot and Medina under the other. posters. in 1998. recounts this brief history of his city’s riots. Ahmedabad? Recently. Heightened by sense of deprivation and sight of conspicuous consumption. Moradabad.answer some questions? www. Police investigations revealed that the poster was the handiwork of a Hindu politician and former mayor of Hyderabad. Nashik. Can be sparked by a procession in a ‘sensitive’ area. like recruitment of participants. from mainstream events and activities. by mobilising mobs and whipping up passions and fears over illegal immigration and demographic change Administrative: The feeling of being targeted and/or ignored by the immediate touchpoints of government—the police and civic administration. moral or literary viewpoint. One must conclude that small riots can and in all likelihood may continue to happen (there was recently a Gujjar-Muslim clash in Mewat not far from Delhi). movies. with his national ambitions all too obvious. The violence stopped in 1994.com/article. unemployment lead to marginalisation of the have-nots.4/13/13 A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi city is still a hothouse. a road blocked for prayers. There are frequent rehearsals until the time is ripe and the context is felicitous and there are no serious obstructions in carrying out the performance. religion and sexual habits..

.. S ee M ore Reply · 2 · Like · Follow Post · April 7 at 1:15am Aparna Vaidik Rohit is this your response or francois gautier's? Reply · Like · April 7 at 2:16am Suman Kumar Mishra · Works at Tata Teleservices Limited Aparna Vaidik is this your response or are you shitting out information from media which has been so biased . Post to Facebook Posting as Ganesh Iyer (Not you?) Comment Suman Kumar Mishra · Works at Tata Teleservices Limited riots is nothing new with this decade or others. please log in or register If you w ish your letter to be considered for publication in the print magazine. It is so important to be politically correct and pseudo secular in India that no one now dares to speak up about the centuries of genocide unleashed upon the hindu populace by foreign. islam was different .4/13/13 SUNDEEP DOUGAL OPINION A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi Reminding. parts of punjab to east or down south ... w e request you to use a proper name. but please desist from using unpublishable sobriquets and handles www. mostly muslim attackers. S ee M ore Reply · Like · Follow Post · April 8 at 4:28pm Rohit Mittal · IIPS. they did good deeds in their own countries. you are good in what you have just done . NILANJAN MUKHOPADHYAY 3 comments Add a comment. i think thinking is beyond you . stink .. afghanistan. people fled but refused to part away with the belief handed over by generations . the earlier onslaughts be it macedonians . to erase it with sword and gun powder .. Those times are instead portrayed as a utopian era of hindu. communal harmony in the country will go f.aspx?280032 6/9 . A Rough Art One would never wish 2002 to have an encore.outlookindia. hinduism and islam being two very contrasting religions have always stood out because of the differences. you should start analysing and thinking . but to discount that possibility would mean being lulled into complacency. it came to plunder . It iis our recurring nightmare that if word of these dark deeds gets out. are u in denial of the 1000 years of history under islamic rule.. raped our women and took lakhs of slaves. dont shit in public forums .. portraying muslims as innocent victims at the hands of the hindu minority? they conveniently forget to even mention that 30% of gujarat riot toll were hindus.. are you under denial that any islamic structure you see be it babri mosque or qutub minar is built over ruins of preceding culture or are you in denial that partition which happened was unjust . w ith full postal address ... to destroy the thousands of years of culture .you could still maintain your anonymity.com/article. if thats not your capacity . the islamic rule for 1000 years has been littered with. go wash yourself Reply · Like · April 8 at 4:13pm View 1 more F acebook social plugin Post a Comment You are not logged in.... apart from the loot .muslim solidarity.. it did suceed in some way but wasnt able to erase it completely .. kushas came to india and dissolved in the culture . We are instead taught that although these filthy barbarians slaughtered our civilians.. DAVV how can the authors expect to be taken seriously after writing a communally charged article like that.. they destroyed temples which got rebuilt.. they were able to drive off hindus from sindh.... leaving behind their footprints but ultimately being part of the local culture ...

and systems are in place so that this kind of thing is not repeated. they face social ostracism. Mar 5).200-odd people. NEW DELHI To all those who express their discontent with the “biased” reporting of the media against the majority. I’d say. the more chaos it creates. Ten years is a long time. CHARAN RAWAT. need to resort to unbiased judgements and punish those who do institutionalised rioting rather than hold out development as a surrogate placebo.outlookindia. Outlook deserves special praise for playing a part in keeping the pressure on for all these years and not letting 2002 be forgotten. the point has been made enough number of times.4/13/13 A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi PUBLISHED DAILY MAIL HAVE YOUR SAY 1 MAR 19. in reality. Narendrabhai will remain the hope for a large population of educated middle-class Hindus. THANE In your cover story. therefore. The ‘compensation’ provided to the victims. CHIDANAND KUMAR. JALPAIGURI The 2002 Gujarat incidents. MAHA. Mahatma Gandhi. RAJIV CHOPRA. NEW DELHI Indians are so religiously and communally prejudiced that a Gujarat kind of riot can erupt anywhere. You can hardly characterise it as anti-communal. is more like “celebrating 10 years of Modi hatred” than looking at things with an unbiased view. it is absolutely valid. has been thin and nominal. KIRAN VOLETI. The haunting memory of your house being burnt. PRAMOD SRIVASTAVA. The social discomfort they feel develops very quickly into discontent. Modi has not apologised in 10 years. how are you going to undo what has already been done? PRAVEEN KUMAR. Rajiv Gandhi is a saint despite the mass murder of Sikhs in Delhi and his infamous dismissive remark about the earth shaking when a tree falls.com/article. The majority in every country has a responsibility not to let the minority feel marginalised. AISHWARIYA SAGAR. is not easy to erase. the need of the hour is to heal the scars of the earlier riots (Can it happen again?. BANGALORE Modi is a monster because he allegedly presided over the killing of 1. Let’s get on with life and look to finding solutions to our daily problems like bad roads. or your daughter being raped in front of you. then into fear and concurrently into reaction. sadly. By harping on thus about Modi. LONDON The post-Godhra riots will always remain a slap in Modi’s face. And yes. What they did is desanctify the land of the father of the nation. This stands true in India where the minority is defined by religion or in other countries where it is racial. NEW JERSEY It looks like a section of the hyper-secular media wants to keep the Gujarat issue alive for another ten years. But it took Congress 25 years to mumble an apology of an apology for the 1984 riots. you say the riots of 2002 marked “the coming of age of anti-communal activism”. The courts and the government. anytime at the slightest provocation.aspx?280032 7/9 . Such ‘activism’ has actually helped keep the polarisation active even though Gujarat has been prospering without any incidents for the last 10 years. The more we run away from this responsibility. both in terms of justice and aid and rehabilitation. You won’t see these combatants fighting for the victims of the 1984 riots as there is no glory or financial gain in doing that. Yes. JANGA BAHADUR SUNUWAR. inflation and allpervasive corruption. not just in Gujarat. JAMMU A beast asleep? Certainly. www. CHINTAN. MUMBAI Won’t you ever get tired of this eternal Modi-bashing? This issue. CHENNAI Whatever the secular lobby may hope and pray for. have been ballooned up to unnecessary proportions. 2012 The Long Shadow of Past Prejudice Rather than looking at the possibilities of a recurrence of a pogrom. on account of immigration. and all the more necessary that the perpetrators are not allowed to get away. deplorable as they were. you can say it’s come of age: that’s because people have learned to make money off it. It’s a business built on the basis of phony affidavits and fake stories. but anywhere else in India. K.

aspx?280032 The Gujarat riots were an organised effort by the higher administration to kill Muslims and destroy their property. why don’t they telecast Amu. CALCUTTA Gujarat 2002 might be replicated unless medical science can fully eradicate insanity from India like it did smallpox. When on grounds of religion. Mar 5) failed to note that the state has been virtually trouble-free since the 2002 riots. PITTY.com/article. SRINIVAS. electoral politics are about the short term. unless politicians refrain from caste-based strategies. If the Congress is ruling. RAJNEESH BATRA. ATUL CHANDRA. ALMAL. a daughter There wasn’t much they could do Apart from pray for a miracle Hoping it’s just an awful dream. Would it now show Parzania? Or wait. it did not blur In that minute she saw her child die That one minute can never really pass by Qutubuddin Ansari’s face was all over the world They saw his folded hands and moist eyes His scream could be heard Those fateful hours and days Humanity was on a pyre To save a brother. almost as if it wanted to somehow put Modi in 8/9 . even the sit set up by the Supreme Court was found wanting in its work. Unfortunately. S. No wonder Modi was afraid to have Parzania screened. 2012 Give Him His Due Your cover story on the Gujarat riots (A Beast Asleep?. And Narendra Modi must be credited for that. MUMBAI It was rather intriguing that Doordarshan chose the third week of February 2012—election time—to telecast Nandita Das’s Firaaq (which deals with the 2002 Gujarat riots) on its national network. KANIKA KHURANA. after all these years? Why do people still live with fears? Gujarat lived the most dreaded nightmare. it’s an appeal to the powers that be. mank ind conspired Bilqis Bano’s daughter was snatched from her That moment is clear in her head.4/13/13 SANTOSH JOHN SAMUEL.S. BHOPAL Only the film industry has done justice to sensitive subjects like riots. maybe rescue Kissa Kursi Ka from oblivion! HARSH RAI PURI. BANGALORE PERMALINK 2 MAR 19. maybe one part of the problem would be solved.outlookindia. perhaps Modi’s winning a possible lifetime CMship of Gujarat is enough of a pro to offset losing a shot at a national role. an unreal ordeal Only to see the faith go in vain To live with scars and a mind torn with pain Where is justice. Yet. Still. Over the long term. NEW DELHI If indeed we have reached a place where the political costs of riots are too high to figure as a benefit in the cost/benefit analyses of political parties. NEW DELHI PERMALINK 3 MAR 26. CALCUTTA www. LUCKNOW I feel quite depressingly certain that we shall be seeing even more ferocious bloodbaths in the days to come. To put justice on priority Though a mother who lost her child will always cry silently Families that lost their love will never laugh carelessly Only a ray of justice can illumine their lives And help them regain their faith in humanity. KOCHI A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi Can Gujarat 2002 happen again? Not if BJP is the ruling party. SANDIP K. then we will be back to the riot regime because it thrives on dividing the society on religious and caste lines. which is on the anti-Sikh riots of 1984? And with proper advance publicity to boot! Or even better. ARUN MAHESHWARI. everything is so unfair After seeing and reading all those stories We only lose faith in this country From a layman. 2012 Burning Faith Ten years have passed since Gujarat was set on fire. and religious places stop delivering provocative sermons.

com/article.outlookindia. riots will never happen. C.4/13/13 A Beast Asleep? | Saba Naqvi wanting in its work.S.aspx?280032 9/9 . DIMPLE. riots will definitely recur. CHALY. JAGRAON PERMALINK Comments Policy ABOU T U S | C ON TAC T U S | SU BSC R IBE | AD VER TISIN G R ATES | C OPYR IGH T & D ISC L AIMER | C OMMEN TS POL IC Y OUTLOOK TOPICS: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Or just type in a few initial letters of a topic: go www. KOCHI If perpetrators of riots are punished severely. PROF H.A. almost as if it wanted to somehow put Modi in the clear. But when the likes of Sajjan Kumar (of 1984 Delhi fame) and Narendra Modi go scot-free.

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