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Dosimetry & Instrumentation Practice Problems EXTRA 1.

Ionization chambers used for machine calibration require temperature and pressure corrections to account for: a. Variations in the mass of air in the collection volume b. The expansion of the air at high pressure c. The contraction of the air at high temperature d. Variations in the probability of ionization at different temperatures e. None of the above 2. The AAPM recommends the TG-51 protocol for photon beam calibration. This protocol requires calibration to be performed in: a. Acrylic b. Solid water c. Water d. Any medium similar to muscle tissue of known composition 3. The output of a linear accelerators photon beam is calibrated to be 1.0 cGy/MU. This calibration point is always at ______. a. Depth dmax, 100 cm SSD, 10 x 10 cm field size b. Depth 10 cm, 100 cm SSD, 10 x 10 cm field size c. Depth dmax, 100 cm SAD, 10 x 10 cm field size d. Depth 10 cm, 100 cm SAD, 10 x 10 cm field size e. A depth, distance, and field size specified by the physicist, consistent with data used for treatment planning 4. Radiochromic film offers the following advantages as a dosimeter, except: a. High resolution b. No chemicals or darkroom needed for development c. Tissue equivalence d. Small dependence on photon energy e. Very high sensitivity Match the quantity measured by the dosimeter with the type of dosimeter: 5. Calorimeter _____ a. charge collected 6. TLD _____ b. optical density c. light emitted on heating d. temperature change e. change in viscosity 7. Which of the following can be used to verify an IMRT plans relative dose distribution? a. A diode array b. Radiographic film c. GafChromic film d. An ion chamber array e. All of the above

8. Which of the following is not recommended for in-vivo patient measurement? a. A diode b. An ion chamber c. TLD d. None of the above are recommended 9. When a linac calibration is performed with an ion chamber, temperature and pressure corrections are made to account for expansion or contraction of: a. The chamber wall material b. The gas in the ion chamber c. The phantom d. Changes in the cables between the chamber and electrometer 10. Regarding the AAPMs TG-51 calibration protocol, all of the following are true except: a. The ion chamber must be calibrated at an accredited lab, in water, and in a Co-60 beam. b. Beam quality is defined by the ratio of readings at 10 and 20 cm depth in water c. Only Farmer-type chambers can be used d. TG-51 protocol can be used for photons and electrons