Contents
Unit of Competency............................................................................................................................................. 1 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 1 Unit of competency ............................................................................................................................................. 2 Summary of Questions .............................................................................................................................. 3

Summary of Questions ........................................................................................................................................ 4 Inventory ............................................................................................................................................................. 5 Materials/Tools/Workarea/Equipment .............................................................................................................. 5 Inventory ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (OHS) ...................................................................................................... 8 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (OHS) ...................................................................................................... 8 PC Disassembly and Assembly............................................................................................................................. 9 ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9 PC Assembly and Disassembly........................................................................................................................... 10 Assembly Preparation ................................................................................................................................... 10 Installing Windows XP ....................................................................................................................................... 14 ........................................................................................................................................................................... 14 Partitioning Hard Disk Drives using FDisk .......................................................................................................... 21 Partitioning Hard Disk Drives using FDisk .......................................................................................................... 22 Device Driver ..................................................................................................................................................... 30 Installations ....................................................................................................................................................... 30 Device Driver Installations ................................................................................................................................. 31 Cabling and ........................................................................................................................................................ 32 Network ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 Configurations ................................................................................................................................................... 32 How to wire your own Ethernet cables and connectors ................................................................................... 33 What You Need: ............................................................................................................................................ 33 About the Cable ............................................................................................................................................. 33 About Modular Connector Plugs and Jacks: .................................................................................................. 34 Ethernet Cable Pin Outs: ............................................................................................................................... 35 Standard, Straight-Through Wiring Diagram(both ends are the same): ....................................................... 35 Crossover Cable Wiring Diagram(T568B): ..................................................................................................... 37 NETWORKING .................................................................................................................................................... 43

Connecting Two Computers Through a Router ............................................................................................. 43 How to Assign a Static IP Address in XP ........................................................................................................ 44 How to use the Simple File Sharing feature to share files in Windows XP ................................................... 49 Turning on and turning off Simple File Sharing ......................................................................................... 49 Managing levels of access to shares and to files ....................................................................................... 51 How To Share a Printer with Windows XP ........................................................................................................ 59 Back up & Restore ............................................................................................................................................. 61 Files .................................................................................................................................................................... 61 How to Back Up Files and Folders ..................................................................................................................... 62 How to Restore Files and Folders ...................................................................................................................... 63

Unit of Competency .

Unit of competency    Install Computer System and Networks Diagnose and Troubleshoot Computer System Configure Computer System and Network Page |2 .

Summary of Questions .

YES Configure the identified systems and networks based on the specifications and job requirements. YES Make needed repairs/replacement in accordance with established procedures when necessary. YES Check/test devices/systems and/or installation to determine the conformity to the job requirements. YES Diagnose fault or problem in the computer systems and networks in line with the standard operating procedure. YES Page |4 . YES Test computer systems and networks to ensure safe operation. YES Document tasks undertaken in the accordance with standard operation procedure (SOP). YES Obtain computer components/devices/systems and determines its location prior to installation. YES Interpret work instructions according to the job requirements. YES Correct/adjust components or parts of computer system and networks in accordance with the job requirements. tools. YES Inspect and test configured computer systems and networks in conformity with manufacturer’s instructions/manual. YES Check computer systems and networks for configuration in accordance with the specification and requirements. YES Install equipment/devices/systems in accordance with the job requirements.Summary of Questions Answer the following Questions Can I                 Yes or No Plan and prepare work to ensure occupational health and safety (OHS) policies and procedures are followed. YES Performs scheduled/periodic maintenance in accordance with manufacturer’s requirements. equipment and testing devices needed to conform the job requirements. YES Clean and clear worksite of all surplus/excess materials in accordance with company standard operation procedure (SOP). YES Obtain materials.

Inventory Materials/Tools/Workarea/Equipment .

Inventory MATERIALS          TOOLS             Computer Casing (Mini tower Casing) Motherboard (socket 478/LGA 775) Power Supply (ATX 500 Watts) Memory Modules (DDR1/DDR2) Video Card (AGP/PCIE) Modem Drives (Optical/Hard disk drives) Cables AVR Anti-static Protection (Wrist Wrap) Pliers Screw Drivers Multi-meter Cable tester Crimping tool Side cutter Gloves UTP cable Cable tie Apron Logic Probe WORK AREA  Table / work board  Rubber matt  Extension Power Cord (220v) EQUIPMENT  Printer  Personal Computer with LAN Page |6 .

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (OHS) .

Always power off and unplug the computer before working on it. Hold the components by the edges and do not touch the IC’s. It is also expected that they can give at least six occupational health and safety (OHS) that are related to computer hardware servicing. Be careful with tools that may cause short circuit. they are required to demonstrate competencies in the standard PC installation. hardware troubleshooting and repair. Always discharge yourself before touching any part of the computer. When making circuit changes.OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (OHS) People who wanted to take the computer hardware servicing (CHS) NCII exam is expected to have the prior basic knowledge on computer hardware and software operations. Wear rubber sole shoes when standing on the ground or in a concrete floor. fire and other emergencies are recognized. Do not use excessive force if things don’t quite slip into place Page |8 . Replace only fuses with those proper rating. To pass the exam. and basic networking. workplace and environment. software installation. Read and follow instructions on the manual carefully. Personal protective equipment are correctly used in accordance with organization OHS procedures and practices. Hazard/risks in the workplace and their corresponding indicators are identified to minimize or eliminate risk to co-workers. Contingency measures during workplace accidents. switch off and unplug the power cord from the equipment then discharge the capacitors.

PC Disassembly and Assembly Page |9 .

Assembly Preparation The process of physically assembling a PC requires only a few basic tools: a 1/4'' nut driver or Phillips-head screwdriver for the external screws that hold the cover in place and a 3/16'' nut driver or Phillips-head screwdriver for all the other screws. Most people's first reaction when problems occur is to blame defective hardware. Because of marketplace standardization. and Figure 2 shows the system with those components assembled. Be careful and pay attention to how you install all your components. Also. you will find the parts procurement phase the most lengthy and trying of the entire experience. Completing the system is basically a matter of screwing everything together. or cable connection that later causes problems in system operation. and stubborn cable connectors. In fact.PC Assembly and Disassembly Actually assembling the system is easy after you have lined up all the components. plugging in all the cables and connectors. P a g e | 10 . you will find out whether your system operates as you had planned or whether some incompatibilities exist between some of the components. Needle-nose pliers can also help in removing motherboard standoffs. In short order. This material can be indispensable in troubleshooting problems you encounter during the assembly process or later. even for people who are somewhat experienced. the most crucial rule of assembling your own system is to save every piece of documentation and software that comes with every component in your system. jumpers. the physical arrangement of the major components is similar even among different manufacturers. The problem can typically be traced to some missed step or error made in the assembly process. It is rare that a newly assembled system operates perfectly the first time. switch. It is very easy to forget a jumper. and configuring everything to operate properly together. Above all. only a couple types and sizes of screws (with a few exceptions) are used to hold a system together. but that is usually not the source. Figure 1 shows the components that go into a typical system. You should also retain all the packing materials used to ship mail-order components to you until you are certain they will not have to be returned.

we had to unscrew the side panel then take the cover out). The Fiber Optics. Other cables such as the USB. Next is to pull out all the external cables.Step 1: The very first thing you do when you disassemble a PC is to turn it off and disconnect all the power sources. The monitor cable (or the other cables with screws) isn’t just ripped off. This is very important. Pulling it off directly might flatten the teeth of its screws thus making it harder for you to put it back later on. telephone. Firewall. It is unscrewed. Remembering how it looked like will help a lot in case you mess up later. especially from the wall outlet. then pulling it out. Slide the cover out and take a good look of your PC’s skele tal system. Forgetting to turn the power off. will cause tremendous results. standard keyboard and mouse cable are just pulled out carefully. Some computers don’t need to be unscrewed while some require you to pop out 3 or 4 screws (with the PC in the MIS lab. P a g e | 11 . patch. and modem cables are removed by pressing its clip down a bit.

don’t force it. After. Carefully detach the data and power cables. Step 4: Disk Drives o Floppy Disk Drives o Hard Disk Drives o CD-ROM or DVD-ROM P a g e | 12 . We followed this order: Expansion Cards Disk Drives RAM Motherboard Step 3: Expansion Cards o Interface card (ATA / Bluetooth / EIDE / IDE / Parallel / RISC / SCSI /Serial / USB) o Modem o MPEG Decoder o Network Card o Sound Card o Video Card o Video capture card o RAM As you can see from above. Note the bays in which where they were originally located. there are many kinds of expansion cards.Step 2: Upon opening the PC’s case. They enhance a computer’s ability in various areas. upgrading from an old PC requires separate expansion cards like those listed above. the CD-ROM. and a lot of cables and wires. This will make the job easier by allowing more room for work. you’ll see different things such as the video card. all you need to do is snap these expansion cards out from their respective expansion slots. However. detach the drives and cards. To remove them. Expansion cards nowadays usually come with the Motherboard. the hard drives. In our case. Extra care should be observed when unplugging the power supply as it still has a power charge in it. It usually depends to the placement of your PC’s parts . Do not touch the pin connectors on the cards with your bare hands. we did it from top to bottom. If they don’t come off easily. left to right) to avoid scratching other valuable parts. It is better to follow a certain order (such as from top to bottom. the sound card. Stop and figure out another way to detach it.

Step 5: Motherboard o RAM o Central Processing Unit o Processor Detach the RAM from the slot. the hard disk drive is the only drive that is not physically accessed by the user like the floppy disk drive or the CD-ROM drive. the space it’s supposed to occupy is clean and metal free. Scratching it might harm your CPU’s performance. Standard motherboards have 6 screws. Make sure that the data and power cables are removed. or bracelets while disassembling might damage your hardware components. After putting aside the processor. gently remove the Processor by pulling the lever up then picking it up. Remember that when putting aside these hardware components. Remember that the floppy disk drive’s data cable has a folded end. Be sure not to scratch it. These holes indicate the positioning of the Processor.Unlike other drives. P a g e | 13 . Unscrew the drive from its respective slot. rings. unscrew the motherboard’s screws. Then. The folded end is the one attached to the floppy disk drive itself. Take note of the two holes in the processor’s case. Wearing metal watches. Both the floppy drive and the CD-ROM are slid outside the PC’s case while the hard drive is slid from the inside.

Installing Windows XP .

it will be used to demonstrate the installation procedure. Repair previous install or quit. Your PC should automatically detect the CD and you will get a message saying "Press any key to boot from CD". The procedure to install Windows XP home edition is very similar to the professional edition.You will be presented with the End User Licensing Agreement.How to Install Windows XP This procedure demonstrates how to install Windows XP Professional. Look for the boot sequence under your BIOS setup and make sure that the first boot device is set to CD/DVD-ROM.You will then get a Windows XP Professional Setup screen. Save all the necessary drivers onto floppy disks or CD before you start the installation. Before you perform the installation I recommend that you check Windows XP Compatibility List to ensure that your hardware is supported by XP. Soon as computer starts booting from the CD your will get the following screen: Step 2 . Since we are doing a new install we just press Enter to continue.Start your PC and place your Windows XP CD in your CD/DVDROM drive. In order to boot from CD/DVD-ROM you need to set the boot sequence. You can then perform the following steps to install Windows XP: Step 1 . Since Windows XP Pro is more advanced operating system. All versions of Windows XP CD are bootable. If your hardware is not on the compatibility list you can check your hardware manufactures website to download the drivers for Windows XP. Press F8 to accept and continue P a g e | 15 . The best way install Windows XP is to do a clean install. You have the option to do a new Windows install. It is not difficult to perform a clean installation. Step 3 .

If you wish to do this you can just press enter and Windows will automatically partition and format the drive as one large drive. So in the future if anything goes wrong with our Windows install such as virus or spyware we can re-install Windows on C: drive and our data on E: drive will not be touched. Windows normally has some unpartitioned space. You might wonder what happened to D: drive. Select Partition 1 (C: Drive) and press Enter. P a g e | 16 . in our case 2180MB. Just choose all the space left over. Step 5 . If you have a brand new unformatted drive you will get a screen similar to below. However for this demonstration I will create two partition. Step 7 . and bigger size files. supports larger drive size. By creating two partition we can have one which stores Windows and Applications and the other which stores our data.Step 4.This is the recommended file system. For example if you have 500GB hard drive you can have two partition of 250GB each. If the hard drive has been formatted before then you can choose quick NTFS format. Windows has automatically allocated D: drive to CD/DVD-ROM. We chose NTFS because it offers many security features. Notice it shows C: Partition 1 followed by the size 6000 MB. This indicates the partition has been created. Press C to create a partition.Now you will see both partition listed.Windows will show the total size of the hard drive and ask you how much you want to allocate for the partition you are about to create. You will see the total space available for the new partition. Step 6 . I will choose 6000MB. Just leave it how its is. We still have an unpartitioned space of 2189MB.Choose format the partition using NTFS file system. You will also have 8MB of unpartitioned space. We can choose to install Windows in this drive without creating a partition. In our case the drive size is 8190MB.This step is very important. You will then get the screen below. Next highlight the unpartitioned space by pressing down the arrow key. Partition 1 (C: Drive) 6000MB and Partition 2 (E: Drive) 2180MB. Please note you can choose whatever size partition your like. The first partition will be 6000MB (C: drive) and second partition would be 2180MB (E: drive). Don't worry about that. Here we will create the partition where Windows will be installed. Then press C to create another partition. hence use the entire size of the drive.

In few seconds setup will continue. Leave the XP CD in the drive but this time DO NOT press any key when the message "Press any key to boot from CD" is displayed. Step 10 .Type in your name and organization. P a g e | 17 . Windows XP Setup wizard will guide you through the setup process of gathering information about your computer.Choose your region and language. Step 9 .Windows will now start formatting drive C: and start copying setup files as shown on the two images below : Step 8 .After the setup has completed copying the files the computer will restart. Enter your product key. Step 11.

Click next to continue.Name the computer. Don't forget to write down your Administrator password.Enter the correct date.Choose workgroup or domain name.Finally Windows will start and present you with a Welcome screen. If you are not a member of a domain then leave the default settings and press next. time and choose your time zone.For the network setting choose typical and press next. Windows will restart again and adjust the display.Step 12 . Step 14 . P a g e | 18 . Step 13 . Step 15 . and enter an Administrator password. Step 16 .

If you have dial up modem choose: 'No. Choose no if you want to activate Windows at a later stage. P a g e | 19 .Step 17 . Click finish. Step 21 .Add users that will sign on to this computer and click next.Will this computer connect to the internet directly. Then click Next.You will get a Thank you screen to confirm setup is complete. this computer will connect through a local area network or home network' .Ready to activate Windows? Choose yes if you wish to active Windows over the internet now.Choose 'help protect my PC by turning on automatic updates now' and press next. this computer will connect directly to the internet'. Step 18 . or through a network? If you are connected to a router or LAN then choose: 'Yes. Step 20 . Step 19 .

Step 22.You now need to check the device manager to confirm that all the drivers has been loaded or if there are any conflicts. Your hardware should come with manufacturer supplied drivers. Step 23 . Log in. then click on Device Manager. If you do not have the drivers. P a g e | 20 . In our case we have a Video Controller (VGA card) which has no drivers installed. it means that no drivers or incorrect drivers has been loaded for that device. From the start menu select Start -> Settings -> Control Panel. You need to install these drivers using the automatic setup program provided by the manufacturer or you need to manually install these drivers. check the manufacturers website to download them. Click on the System icon and then from the System Properties window select the Hardware tab. to your PC for the first time. If there are any yellow exclamation mark "!" next to any of the listed device.

Partitioning Hard Disk Drives using FDisk .

. Start computer with CD-ROM support 2. but you're on your own. Enter a choice: 1 If your machine doesn't Bootup from the Floppy Drive .sorry..your machine will Bootup from the Floppy Drive During that process you'll see (something like) the following: 1.?[Y] P a g e | 22 .. Start computer without CD-ROM support 3... View the Help file. Delete Primary Partition In this section we'll delete the Primary Partition..Partitioning Hard Disk Drives using FDisk Boot From Startup Disk Put your Startup Disk in the Floppy Drive Start or Re-start your machine . Your machine must Bootup from the Floppy Drive before you can continue. Once your machine has Booted from the Setup Disk you will see (something like) the following: To get help. This section assumes that you've decided .. At the A:\> prompt: Type fdisk Press Enter . . Do you wish to enable large disk support (Y/N).to re-partition a 10Gb Hard Disk from the appearance of a single 10Mb Hard Disk to the appearance of a 1Gb and a 9Gb Hard Disks.you will see (something like) the following: Your computer has a disk larger than 512 MB. Remove Current Partions Now you are ready to remove any existing Partitions on your Hard Disk.. A:\> Your machine is running in DOS mode.like I did ... The only way to interact with your machine in this state is by typing DOS commands. type HELP and press Enter.. This will give me a C:\ drive for Windows 98 and a D:\ drive for my files Note The fdisk command seems to like verifying (an reverify) the intergrity of your Hard Disk so you'll be forced to wait on it between some of these steps.

3. Since Y is the default: Press Enter . 2. 3.you will see (something like) the following: FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose on of the following: 1. 4. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive Set active partition Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive Display partition information Enter choice:[1] Press Esc to exit FDISK Press 3 Press Enter .This question is about whether (or not) you want to use the FAT16 or the FAT32 file system.you will see (something like) the following: Delete Primary DOS Partition Current fixed drive: 1 Partition Statu Type s Volume Label Mbytes System Usage C: 1 PRI DOS 9531 UNKNOWN 100% P a g e | 23 . For Windows 98 you'll almost certainly want the FAT32 file system. Delete Delete Delete Delete Primary DOS Partition Extended DOS Partition Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition Non-DOS Partition Enter choice: [_] Press Esc to return to FDISK Options Press 1 Press Enter .you will see (something like) the following: Delete DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive Current fixed drive: 1 Choose one of the following: 1. 2. 4.

.? [ Since (in this case) my Hard Disk has no Volume Label: Press Enter ....? [Y] Press Esc to return to FSDISK Options Since Y is the default: Press Enter ..? [1] Press Esc to return to FDISK Options Since 1 is the default option: Press Enter .you will see (something like) the following: Delete Primary DOS Partition Current fixed drive: 1 Total disk space is 9531 Mbytes (1Mbyte = 1048576 bytes) Primary DOS Partition deleted Press Esc to return to continue Press Esc .. P a g e | 24 ..you will see (something like) the following: FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose on of the following: 1......you will see (something like) the following: Enter Volume Label.. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive Set active partition Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive Display partition information ] Enter choice:[1] Press Esc to exit FDISK You are now ready to re-partition your Hard Disk....... 2... 3...... What primary partition do you want to delete... 4..you will see (something like) the following: Are you sure (Y/N).Total disk space is 9531 Mbytes (1 Mbyte = 1048576 bytes) WARNING! Data in the deleted Primary DOS Partition will be lost.

you'll need about this much for Windows 98 alone Press Enter . see (something like) the following: Create Primary DOS Partition Current fixed disk drive: 1 Press Enter ....Re-partition Hard Drive Create Primary DOS Partition Since 1 is the default:like) the following: Create Primary DOS Partition Current fixed disk drive: 1 Do you with to use the maximum available size for a Primary DOS Partition and make the partition active (Y/N)..you will Total disk space is 9531 Mbytes (1 Mbyte = 1046576) Maximum spave available for partition is 9531 Mbytes (100%) Enter partition size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%) to create a Primary DOS Partition Press Esc to return to FDISK Options You are being asked ..if you want to use all of your Hard Disk for the Primary Partition. P a g e | 25 .... Type 1024 (the actual number of megabytes in a gigabyte) .....how much of your Hard Disk you want to use for the Primary Partition..you will see (something like) the following: Create Primary DOS Partition Current fixed drive: 1 Partition C: 1 Status Type PRI DOS Volume Label Mbytes 1028 System UNKNOWN Usage 11% Primary DOS Partition created Press Esc to continue You are now ready to create an Extended DOS Partition on your Hard Disk.? [Y] Press Esc to return to FDISK Options You are being asked ..

2. 3.you will see (something like) the following: TO BE DONE Enter 2 Press Enter . 4. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive Set active partition Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive Display partition information Enter choice:[1] Press Esc to exit FDISK Since 1 is the default: Press Enter . To accept the defult offered by fdisk: Press Enter . Press Esc .you will see (something like) the following: FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose on of the following: 1.you will see (something like) the following: TO BE DONE You are being asked .you will see (something like) the following: P a g e | 26 .how much of the remaining space on your Hard Disk you want to use for the Primary Partition.you will see (something like) the following: Create Extended DOS Partition Current fixed drive: 1 Partition C: 1 1 Status Type PRI DOS EXT DOS Volume Label Mbytes 1028 8503 System UNKNOWN UNKNOWN Usage 11% 89% Extended DOS Partition created Press Esc to continue Press Esc .Create Create Extended DOS Partition This will be the new D:\> drive.

FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose on of the following: 1.you will see (something like) the following: TO BE DONE You are being asked . 4. 3. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive Set active partition Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive Display partition information Enter choice:[1] Press Esc to exit FDISK You're ready to create a Logical DOS Drive in the Extended DOS Partition. Create Logical DOS Drive in Extended Partition Since 1 is the default: Press Enter . Press Esc to continue Press Esc .how much of the disp space in the Extended DOS Partition you want to use for the Logical DOS Drive. Since we are only creating one drive in the Extended DOS Partition we'll accept the default size that fdisk offers.you will see (something like) the following: Create Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition Volume Label Drv D: Mbytes 8503 System UNKNOWN Usage 100% All available space is the Extended DOS Partition is assigned to logical drives.you will see (something like) the following: P a g e | 27 . To accept the default: Press Enter .you will see (something like) the following: TO BE DONE Enter 3 Press Enter . 2.

Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive Set active partition Delete partition or Logical DOS Drive Display partition information Enter choice:[1] Press Esc to exit FDISK The Logical Drive D:\> is created...: [_] Press Esc to return to FDISK Options Since 1 is the default: P a g e | 28 . 3. You are ready to Activate the Primary Partition.. 4...........you will see (something like) the following: Set Active Partition Current fixed disk drive: 1 T y p e P R I D O S E X T D O S Vol ume Lab el Parti tion Sta tus Mby tes Sys tem Us ag e C: 1 102 8 UNK NOW N 11 % 2 850 3 UNK NOW N 89 % Total disk space is 9531 Mbytes (1Mbyte = 1048576 bytes) Enter the number of the partition you want to make active. 2..FDISK Options Current fixed disk drive: 1 Choose on of the following: 1. Activate Primary Partition Press 2 Press Enter .

Press Esc to exit fdisk You've Partitioned your Hard Disk and Activated its Primary Partition.you will see (something like) the following: You MUST restart your system for your changes to take effect.Press 1 Press Enter . Any drives you have created or changed must be formatted AFTER you restart.you will see (something like) the following: Set Active Partition Current fixed disk drive: 1 Partition C: 1 2 Status A Type PRI DOS EXT DOS Volume Label Mbytes 1028 8503 System UNKNOWN UNKNOWN Usage 11% 89% Total disk space is 9531 Mbytes (1Mbyte = 1048576 bytes) Partition 1 made active Press Esc to continue Press Esc . Shut down Windows before restarting. P a g e | 29 .

Device Driver Installations .

beside the clock. Cameras have specific software that you don’t necessarily need to use to transfer photos. that says “Found new hardware…” If Windows doesn’t have the driver for the device. Attach the device you wish to install. then click “Driver” for all of your driver -related options. for a matching driver. Check for missing drivers in Device Manager to see if any of your drivers are missing or malfunctioning. Right-click on devices and choose “Properties” to see more details. A window appears in the bottom right-hand corner of Windows. Devices with a yellow exclamation point beside them are not working correctly and need a new driver. Use the driver disc that shipped with your device if Windows can’t automatically detect the driver. 3.” All of the hardware for your system is listed here. then click “Device Manager. Hold down the "Windows" key on your keyboard and press “Pause” to launch System Properties. Insert the CD-ROM and follow the instructions that shipped with the device. The process for this is always different and depends on what kind of device you are installing. P a g e | 31 . turn the device on and wait a few seconds. Windows XP automatically detects new hardware and searches its device libraries. whereas printers have software that includes drivers that you absolutely need to be able to print. or if you need to install new ones.Device Driver Installations 1. Click “Check for update” to have Windows search online for a new driver. or “Update driver” to point Windows at a new driver that you've already downloaded or that you have on a disc. stored on the computer. Turn your XP-based computer on and wait for Windows to load fully. it tells you so. 2. for example.

Cabling and Network Configurations .

You can also use STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) for extra resistance to external interference but I won't cover shielded connectors. Cat 5 is required for basic 10/100 functionality. 6.How to wire your own Ethernet cables and connectors What You Need: Ethernet Cable . For example. so peal out an end and investigate.bulk Category (Cat) 5. but really meant for shorter lengths. Plenum rated ethernet cable must be used whenever the cable travels through an air circulation space. Stranded ethernet cable tends to work better in patch applications for desktop use. It is more flexible and resilient than solid ethernet cable and easier to work with. above a false ceiling or below a raised floor. there are 2 basic categories. solid and braided stranded cable. P a g e | 33 . It may be difficult or impossible to tell from the package or labelling what type of ethernet cable it is. you will want Cat 5e for gigabit (1000BaseT) operation and Cat 6 or higher gives you a measure of future proofing.to cut and strip the Ethernet cable if necessary For Patch Cables 8P8C Modular Connector Plugs ("RJ45") Modular Connector Crimper ("RJ45") For Fixed Wiring 8P8C Modular Connector Jacks ("RJ45") 110 Punch Down Tool Recommended Wire Stripper Cable Tester About the Cable You can find bulk supplies of ethernet cable at many computer stores or most electrical or home centers. 5e. Bulk ethernet cable comes in many types. You want UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) ethernet cable of at least Category 5 (Cat 5). Solid ethernet cable is meant for longer runs in a fixed position. 6a or higher Ethernet cable Wire Cutters .

The twists are extremely important.Here is what the internals of the ethernet cable look like: Internal Cable Structure and Color Coding Inside the ethernet cable. Examples of the naming schemes used are: Orange (alternatively Orange/White) for the solid colored wire and White/Orange for the striped cable. If you just walk into a computer store. There are a couple variations available. the only way to tell which is which is to check which wire it is twisted around). The primary variation you need to pay attention to is whether the connector is intended for braided or solid wire.". it's nearly impossible to tell what type of plug it is.. choosing the wrong one will often cause grief later. Tom writes to say ". The two wiring standards. For solid wires. which allows it to work for 1/2 line phones. About Modular Connector Plugs and Jacks: The 8P8C modular connectors for Ethernet are often called RJ45 due to their physical ressemblance. You may be able to determine what type it is by crimping one without a cable. but you should maintain consistency. the connector has fingers which cut through the insulation and make contact with the wire by grasping it from both sides.. For braided/stranded wires. Jacks are designed to work only with P a g e | 34 .. there are 8 color coded wires. Your choice might be determined by the need to match existing wiring. They are there to counteract noise and interference.. The connector is the weak point in an ethernet cable. It is important to wire according to a standard to get proper performance from the ethernet cable. but the US Government specifies T568A since it matches USOC cabling for pairs 1 & 2. Modular connector jacks come in a variety styles intended for several different mounting options. each pair has a common color theme. One wire in the pair being a solid or primarily solid colored wire and the other being a primarily white wire with a colored stripe (Sometimes ethernet cables won't have any color on the striped wire. I've shown both below for straight through cabling and just T568B for crossover cabling. jacks or personal preference.sources suggest using T568A cabling since T568B is the AT&T standard. The TIA/EIA-568-A specifies two wiring standards for an 8-position modular connector such as RJ45. The plug is an 8-position modular connector that looks like a large phone plug. T568A and T568B vary only in the arrangement of the colored pairs. the connector has sharp pointed contacts that actually pierce the wire. These wires are twisted into 4 pairs of wires. The choice is one of requirements and preference.

Generally all fixed wiring should be run as straight through. A straight through ethernet cable. a handy feature Standard. Some ethernet interfaces can cross and un-cross a cable automatically as needed. T568B or both. and a crossover ethernet cable used to operate in a peer-topeer fashion without a hub/switch. Here is a wiring diagram and pin out: Modular Connector Plug and Jack Pin Out Ethernet Cable Pin Outs: There are two basic ethernet cable pin outs. which is used to connect to a hub or switch.solid ethernet cable. Straight-Through Wiring Diagram(both ends are the same): RJ45 Pin # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Wire Color (T568A) White/Green Green White/Orange Blue White/Blue Orange White/Brown Brown Wire Diagram (T568A) 10Base-T Signal 100Base-TX Signal Transmit+ TransmitReceive+ Unused Unused ReceiveUnused Unused 1000Base-T Signal BI_DA+ BI_DABI_DB+ BI_DC+ BI_DCBI_DBBI_DD+ BI_DD- Straight-Through Ethernet Cable Pin Out for T568A P a g e | 35 . Most jacks come labeled with color coded wiring diagrams for either T568A. Make sure you end up with the correct one.

Straight-Through Ethernet Cable Pin Out for T568B Wire Color (T568B) White/Orange Orange White/Green Blue White/Blue Green White/Brown Brown RJ45 Pin # Wire Diagram 10Base-T Signal 1000Base-T Signal (T568B) 100Base-TX Signal Transmit+ TransmitReceive+ Unused Unused ReceiveUnused Unused BI_DA+ BI_DABI_DB+ BI_DC+ BI_DCBI_DBBI_DD+ BI_DD- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 P a g e | 36 .

For our example. Unroll the required length of network cable and add a little extra wire. The steps below are general Ethernet Category 5 (commonly known as Cat 5) cable construction guidelines. we will be making a Category 5e patch cable. but the same general method will work for making any category of network cables. 1. but the same general method will work for making any category of network cables. If a boot is to be fitted. do so before stripping away the sleeve and ensure the boot faces the correct way.Crossover Cable Wiring Diagram(T568B): RJ45 Pin # (END 1) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Wire Color White/Orange Orange White/Green Blue White/Blue Green White/Brown Brown Diagram End #1 RJ45 Pin # (END 2) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Wire Color White/Green Green White/Orange White/Brown Brown Orange Blue White/Blue Diagram End #2 Crossover Ethernet Cable Pin Outs +Note: The crossover ethernet cable layout is suitable for 1000Base-T operation. STEPS The steps below are general Ethernet Category 5 (commonly known as Cat 5) cable construction guidelines. P a g e | 37 . For our example. we will be making a Category 5e patch cable. all 4 pairs are crossed. just in case.

about an inch toward the open end. 568A and 568B.[1] For our demonstration in the following steps. The white piece of thread can be cut off even with the jacket and disposed (see Warnings). while a cross-over cable has one end wired 568A and the other end wired 568B. If you have breached the protective sheath of any wire. Cut away the unzipped sheath and cut the twisted pairs about 1 1/4" (30 mm). Each pair will have one wire of a certain color and another wire that is white with a colored stripe matching its partner (this wire is called a tracer). a hub and a PC). poor performance or no connectivity at all. One good way to do this is to cut lengthwise with snips or a knife along the side of the cable. but the instructions can easily be adapted to 568A.2. 3. use the wires themselves to unzip the sheath of the cable by holding the sheath in one hand and pulling sideways with the string or wire. Two like devices normally require a cross-over cable. 4. Untwist the pairs so they will lay flat between your fingers. You will notice 8 wires twisted in 4 pairs. from left to right: white orange orange P a g e | 38 . Carefully remove the outer jacket of the cable. A straight-through cable is used to connect two different-layer devices (e. It is important that the jacket for all network cables remains intact.Put the wires in the following order. Exposed copper wire will lead to cross-talk. away from yourself. Be careful when stripping the jacket as to not nick or cut the internal wiring. or if no string is found. you will need to cut the entire segment of wires off and start over at step one.g. Arrange the wires based on the wiring specifications you are following. 568B . Which one you use will depend on what is being connected. The difference between the two is that a straight-through cable has both ends wired identically with 568B. There are two methods set by the TIA. Locate the string inside with the wires. 5. cut the wires so that they are 3/4" (19 mm) long from the base of the jacket and even in length. This reduces the risk of nicking the wires' insulation. Inspect the newly revealed wires for any cuts or scrapes that expose the copper wire inside. we will use 568B. For easier handling.

Leaving more than 1/2" untwisted can jeopardize connectivity and quality. You can also use the mnemonic 1-2-3-6/3-6-1-2 to remember which wires are switched. 7. as the jacket needs to go into the 8P8C connector by about 1/8". The white/orange wire should be on the left if you're looking down at the jack. Cut the top of the wires even with one another so that they are 1/2" (12. Verify the colors have remained in the correct order. You can tell if all the wires made it into the jack and maintain their positions by looking head-on at the plug.5 mm) long from the base of the jacket. meaning that you only have a 1/2" of room for the individual cables. Ensure that the cut leaves the wires even and clean.white green blue white blue green white brown brown 568A . 8. Press all the wires flat and parallel between your thumb and forefinger.from left to right: white/green green white/orange blue white/blue orange white/brown brown 6. as seen at the bottom P a g e | 39 . Keep the wires flat and in order as you push them into the RJ-45 plug with the flat surface of the plug on top. You should be able to see a wire located in each hole. failure to do so may cause the wire not to make contact inside the jack and could lead to wrongly guided cores inside the plug.

In addition. Once you have completed the crimp. A simple cable tester can quickly verify that information for you. TIPS : A key point to remember in making Ethernet patch cords is that the "twists" in the individual pairs should remain entwined as long as possible until they reach the RJ-45 plug termination. The cabling jacket should also enter the rear of the jack about 1/4" (6 mm) to help secure the cable once the plug is crimped. rollover. The way you wire the other end (568A or 568B) will depend on whether you're making a straight-through. rather than trying to trouble shoot later. This is recommended especially to anyone who is first starting out crimping their own cables. A good idea on the long runs. If making a longer run. The twisting of the pairs in the network cable is what helps to ensure good connectivity and keeps cross-talk interference to a minimum. Should you not have a network cable tester on hand. however CAT5 is still an option for small patch cables. making it even more crucial that the pairs are in the correct order. with power-over-Ethernet (PoE) making its way into the market place. especially those that you need to hang or snake around. simply test connectivity pin to pin. is to crimp and test the cable before you run the cable. Always keep boxes of Network Cable resting on one of the four 'end' surfaces. P a g e | 40 .right. To ensure all pins are set. Verify that the sequence is still correct before crimping. crossed wire pairs could lead to physical damage of computers or phone system equipment. never on one of its two sides. CAT5 and CAT5e are very similar cables. Do not untwist the wires any more than you need to. Mis-wired and incomplete network cables could lead to headaches down the road. or cross-over cable (see Tips). You may have to use a little effort to push the pairs firmly into the plug. 10. CAT5e is recommended. 11. You should hear a ratcheting noise as you continue. This prevents loops falling across each other inside the box causing binding and knots. Place the wired plug into the crimping tool. the handle will reset to the open position. You may need to stretch the sleeve to the proper length. Repeat all of the above steps with the other end of the cable. Test the cable to ensure that it will function in the field. as it ensures you are crimping the correct pin order now. Give the handle a firm squeeze. however CAT5e offers better quality especially on longer runs. 9. some prefer to double-crimp by repeating this step.

Inferior crimpers will make it difficult and/or nearly impossible to achieve a tight connection between the wires. UTP will be fine. Many better quality crimpers also have a ratcheting controlled closure for precise crimping. The most common type of cable is UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair).This is the most essential tool and critical to the cable making process. Tester (Optional) . Most people will understand RJ-45 as 8P8C. Riser cable is similar to plenum. due to the cost of tools. less expensive to purchase ready-made cables. perhaps double that of ordinary cable. P a g e | 41 . The correct name of the connector is simply 8P8C. but is for use in walls or wiring closets to connect floors. it may be less frustrating and. Crimpers with a plastic body will be more likely to develop a sloppy hip joint and give consistently poor cramps. whereas RJ-45 is the name of a very similar looking defunct connector used in telecommunication. A cat5 cable cannot exceed 100 meters. and does not release toxic fumes when burned. RJ-45 Connectors . then your cable connections will be bad. so only use where necessary. if present. If in doubt. This is usually referred to as plenum-grade cable or simply "plenum cable". The "flat" choice relates to the old flat "silver satin" cables used in 10Base-T.Although not necessary for making cables. Most testers will show you a result of the pass. Riser may not replace plenum cable so be aware of what area you are laying your cable. In most environments. but be careful when purchasing out of a catalog or online where you can't visibly determine which you are purchasing. The transmitter box tests the cable by sending test pulses down each individual wire. so do not attempt to break them. Why do you want to test cables? Even if they are slightly damaged.WARNING: The ripcords. Note: if you ask in an electrical trades store for RJ45 connectors. Be aware of any shielding your cable may have. and should not be used in new Ethernet deployments. Plenum cabling is more costly. Cut them. but a number of shielding/foiling options exist for added protection against EMI. lighting up LED lights on the receiver box. Most testers consist of two boxes (transmitter and receiver) you plug your patch cable into. but cause packet loss and data corruption to your hardware. and very common. having a good cable tester can prevent and solve cable wiring configuration and installation problems. "stranded" or "flat". a metal crimper is much preferred. Unless you need to do a large amount of cabling work. use plenum as it has the strictest and safest ratings. It probably shouldn't go beyond 300 feet. are usually quite strong. If you don't have a quality crimper.Ensure your RJ45 connectors are designed for the type of cable you are using (solid/stranded). THINGS YOU’LL NEED Crimper . as they have different types of teeth for piercing between multiple strands or around a solid single strand. Be aware of what you are purchasing and what you need. you may be asked whether you want "solid". network cables will work. or 328 feet. Fire Codes require a special type of cover over the wires if the cabling is to be installed in ceilings or other areas that are exposed to the building ventilation system. RJ-45 is the common term most individuals use for the connectors present in CAT5 cabling.

along structural beams and girders. It saves the cable in the long run and improves the looks. Stranded wire is best for a workstation patch as it can tolerate flexing without cracking the conductors. Use something that gives an easy square cut. P a g e | 42 . See warning above about PLENUM cable. Category 5e. or any situation where it's not physically possible to drag the cable along with you. fish tape is a vital tool for some cable runs. and Category 6 cable.Bulk cable can be found at computer stores. and dropped ceilings. making it harder for the connector to be pulled off. There are two types of wire (solid or stranded) and which one you choose should be based on where and how the patch cable is to be used.Fish tape is either a metal or plastic spool of guide wire. You may find serrated snips work very nicely. For lengths greater than 50' use a solid cable. however. but flexible enough to be pushed past corners and bends. Cracked conductor leads to "reflections" which make for chatter on the LAN connection.[2] Solid is best used in a wire closet or for a patch that will be moved very infrequently. in ducting. depending on your needs. the tradeoff is that they're more susceptible to moisture penetration.Bulk Cable . Boots (optional but preferred). For lengths shorter than 50' use a stranded/braided cable. avoid diagonal pliers for this reason. and home centers. as the conductor tends to crack if bent and/or flexed. A boot is a molded piece of plastic that protects the connector from snagging. You will find that many quality crimpers have a straight edge cutter built in. plenums. within walls. Straight edge wire cutter. You can obtain Category 5. electrical stores. Recommended conditions include: conduit. Strong enough not to buckle and bend while being pushed around. Fish Tape . hampering speed and reliability. if it is pulled through the wall or conduit. It also provides strain relief on the cable.

Plug the other end of the cat5 cable into the back of the Internet modem provided by your service provider. Here are ways to connect two computers through a router. These slots are numbered. and it is necessary to network or connect them to share resources like printers and Internet access. Most homes today have more than one computer. Turn off both computers you want to connect through a router. 6. Boot up your computer systems. Plug the other end into an open Internet slot on the back of your router. Note: The router is already configured with proper LAN Settings SETTING UP IP ADDRESS FOR STATIC CONNECTIONS (Applies only on static IP Address) 7.NETWORKING Connecting Two Computers Through a Router With the proliferation of networking devices and cheaper broadband access. Close the chassis when installation is complete. Perform this step only if you want to share Internet access between both computers. Plug one end of another Cat5 cable into the slot on the back of your router labeled ethernet. 2. Plug one end of the Cat5 cable into the ethernet network card you just installed in your computer. 3. Newer computers will install this software (driver) automatically. Turn on your computers. Configure LAN Settings (See below information on how to change IP Address for a static connection) P a g e | 43 . Plug your router power supply into a power source. Your computers are now connected or networked through your router. You can also install your wireless ethernet cards this way. 5. Open your computers' chassis and install the ethernet network cards if your motherboards don’t have them built in. Instructions 1. Install the software for your ethernet cards in both computers following manufacturers' instructions. it is no longer enough to share computers. 4. Perform this step on both computers.

Right-click on the adapter you want to set the IP for and select Properties. When you have to do troubleshooting on your network. each computer will request and be assigned an address every time it’s booted up. If you have a home network with several computes and devices. In this example we’re using XP SP3 Media Center Edition and changing the IP address of the Wireless adapter. but getting to where you need to be varies between each version.How to Assign a Static IP Address in XP When organizing your home network it’s easier to assign each computer its own IP address than using DHCP. it is annoying going to each machine to figure out what IP they have. Assigning IPs to Windows is essentially the same process. To set a Static IP in XP right-click on My Network Places and select Properties. If you use DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). it’s a good idea to assign each of them a specific address. P a g e | 44 . Using Static IPs prevents address conflicts between devices and allows you to manage them more easily.

Default Gateway. When you’re finished click OK.Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties button. and DNS Server Addresses. Subnet mask. Note: IP Address and Default gateway varies in the settings of the router. Now change the IP. P a g e | 45 .

P a g e | 46 .You will need to close out of the Network Connection Properties screen before the changes go into effect.

In the Run box type in cmd and click OK. P a g e | 47 .Again you can verify the settings by doing an ipconfig in the command prompt. In case you’re not sure how to do this. click on Start then Run.

Then at the prompt type in ipconfig and hit Enter. This will show the IP address for the network adapter you changed. No IP Address is the same with the other computer or device. If you have a small office or home network. TIPS IP Address is unique to every device. assigning each computer a specific IP address makes it a lot easier to manage and troubleshoot network connection problems. Default Gateway is the IP Address of the Router. IP Address of the router can be identified on the settings of the device. Subnet mask is automatically generated after you enter IP Address. P a g e | 48 .

subfolders. right-click the folder. Through the Simple File Sharing UI. while Level 5 is the most public and the most changeable (nonsecure) setting. all the files in that folder. both share and file permissions are configured. Windows XP Professional-based computers that are joined to a domain use only the classic file sharing and security interface. 4. the Shared Documents feature is not turned off. Files and folders that are created in or copied to a folder inherit the permissions that are defined for their parent folder. Some information that this article contains about these permission levels is not documented in the operating system files or in the Help file. Level 1 is the most private and secure setting. When you use the Simple File Sharing UI (that is located in the folder's properties). the Simple File Sharing UI is turned on in Windows XP Professional-based computers that are joined to a workgroup. Remote users connect to your computer over the network and access the files that are shared on your computer. 2. you have more control over the permissions to individual users. To configure Level 3. By default. With file sharing in Windows XP. If you turn off Simple File Sharing. Turning on and turning off Simple File Sharing Note: Windows XP Home Edition-based computers always have Simple File Sharing enabled. To do this. you can configure both share and NTFS file system permissions at the folder level. and then click Sharing and Security to open the Simple File Sharing UI. you can share files among both local and remote users. You can access the Simple File Sharing UI by viewing a folder's properties. P a g e | 49 . If you turn off Simple File Sharing. depending on permission levels. you must have advanced knowledge of NTFS and share permissions to help keep your folders and files more secure. These permissions apply to the folder. This article describes how to configure access to your files. you can configure five levels of permissions.How to use the Simple File Sharing feature to share files in Windows XP On a Windows XP-based computer. However. Local users log on to your computer directly through their own accounts or through a Guest account. You can configure Levels 1. and 5 by using the Simple File Sharing UI. copy a file or a folder into the "Shared Documents" folder under "My Computer. and all the files in the subfolders." This configuration does not change when you turn on or turn off Simple File Sharing.

follow these steps: 1. and then click My Computer on the desktop. P a g e | 50 . 2. click Folder Options. On the Tools menu.To turn Simple File Sharing on or off in Windows XP Professional. Click Start.

3.

Click the View tab, and then select the Use Simple File Sharing (Recommended) check box to turn on Simple File Sharing. (Clear this check box to turn off this feature.)

Managing levels of access to shares and to files
You can use Simple File Sharing to configure five levels of access to shares and files:

    
Notes

Level 1: My Documents (Private) Level 2: My Documents (Default) Level 3: Files in shared documents available to local users Level 4: Shared Files on the Network (Readable by Everyone) Level 5: Shared Files on the Network (Readable and Writable by Everyone)

By default, files that are stored in "My Documents" are at Level 2. Levels 1, 2, and 3 folders are available only to a user who is logging on locally. Users who log on locally include a user who logs on to a Windows XP Professional-based computer from a Remote Desktop (RDP) session.  Levels 4 and 5 folders are available to users who log on locally and remote users from the network. The following table describes the permissions:

 

P a g e | 51

Access Level Everyone (NTFS/File) Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Not available Not available Read Read Change

Owner

System

Administrators Everyone (Share) Not available Not available Not available Read Full Control

Full Control Full Control Not available Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control Full Control

Level 1: My Documents (Private)
The owner of the file or folder has read and write permission to the file or folder. Nobody else may read or write to the folder or the files in it. All subfolders that are contained in a folder that is marked as private remain private unless you change the parent folder permissions. If you are a Computer Administrator and create a user password for your account by using the User Accounts Control Panel tool, you are prompted to make your files and folder private. Note The option to make a folder private (Level 1) is available only to a user account in its own My Documents folder.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 1, follow these steps: 1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security.

2.

Select the Make this Folder Private check box, and then click OK.

P a g e | 52

Local NTFS Permissions:  Owner: Full Control  System: Full Control Network Share Permissions:  Not Shared

Level 2 (Default): My Documents (Default)
The owner of the file or folder and local Computer Administrators have read and write permission to the file or folder. Nobody else may read or write to the folder or the files in it. This is the default setting for all the folders and files in each user's My Documents folder.

To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 2, follow these steps: 1. Right-click the folder, and then click Sharing and Security.

P a g e | 53

Local NTFS Permissions:    Owner: Full Control Administrators: Full Control System: Full Control P a g e | 54 .2. Make sure that both the Make this Folder Private and the Share this folder on the network check boxes are cleared. and then click OK.

write. To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 4. you must share them out on the network (Level 4 or 5). Power Users may also read. Local NTFS Permissions: Owner: Full Control Administrators: Full Control Power Users: Change Restricted Users: Read System: Full Control Network Share Permissions:       Not Shared Level 4: Shared on the Network (Read-Only) Files are shared for everyone to read on the network. and delete the files in the Shared Documents folder. All local users. In Windows XP Professional. Local Computer Administrators can read. or delete any files in the Shared Documents Folder. To allow remote users to access files. and then copy or move the file or folder to the Shared Documents folder under My Computer. But they cannot modify the contents. can read the files. and then click Sharing and Security. The Power Users group is available only in Windows XP Professional. Any user can read and change your files. start Microsoft Windows Explorer. Right-click the folder. Remote users cannot access folders or files at Level 3. write. follow these steps: 1. P a g e | 55 . Restricted Users can only read the files in the Shared Documents folder.Network Share Permissions:  Not Shared Level 3: Files in shared documents available to local users Files are shared with users who log on to the computer locally. including the Guest account. To configure a file or a folder and all the files in it to Level 3.

2. Click to select the Share this folder on the network check box. Local NTFS Permissions:    Owner: Full Control Administrators: Full Control System: Full Control P a g e | 56 . click to clear the Allow network users to change my files check box. and then click OK.

Local NTFS Permissions:  Owner: Full Control P a g e | 57 . Everyone: Read Network Share Permissions:  Everyone: Read Level 5: Shared on the network (Read and Write) This level is the most available and least secure access level. or delete a file in a folder shared at this access level. follow these steps: 1. 2. Click to select the Share this folder on the network check box. To configure a folder and all the files in it to Level 5. Any user (local or remote) can read. change. Right-click the folder. write. and then click Sharing and Security. We recommend that this level be used only for a closed network that has a firewall configured. and then click OK. click to select the Allow network users to change my files check box. All local users including the Guest account can also read and modify the files.

If you create a folder in the Shared Documents folder (Level 3). the permissions for Level 5 are effective for the folder. P a g e | 58 . Enable File Sharing on both computers. The other files and folders in the Shared Documents folder remain configured at Level 3. Both Computers must be connected with the same connection. All the levels that this article describes are mutually exclusive.    NOTES: Both computers (PC1/PC2) must have the same workgroup but with different Computer Name and IP Address. Private folders (Level 1) cannot be shared unless they are no longer private. Create a folder to be shared over the network and allow access to it. Locally logged-on users have writable (Level 5) permissions to the parent (SampleFolder) and child (SampleSubFolder) folders. the files in that folder. Shared folders (Level 4 and 5) cannot be made private until they are unshared. share it on the network. and the subfolders. Remote users have the correct access level to each shared folder. and then allow network users to change your files (Level 5). Note The only exception is if you have a folder (SampleSubFolder) that is shared at Level 4 inside a folder (SampleFolder) that is shared at Level 5. (may be connected with the same router or Peer to Peer connection(P2P)).Administrators: Full Control System: Full Control Everyone: Change Network Share Permissions:  Everyone: Full Control Note All NTFS permissions that refer to Everyone include the Guest account.

P a g e | 59 . Alternatively. the printer will now be accessible to other devices on the local network. However. Tips: 1. 6. Here's How: 1. click Share this printer. simply scroll down the list of icons in alphabetical order to find the Printers and Faxes icon. On the computer that is wired to the printer (called the host computer). click on the Sharing tab and select the Share this printerradio button. if at this stage you receive an error message starting with Printer Properties cannot be displayed. option from this menu. In the Printer Properties window. 5.. this indicates the printer is not currently connected to the computer. If using the Category View for Control Panel. 3. The share name chosen above identifies this printer on the local network. In the Share name field. In Classic View. open Windows Control Panel (from the Start menu). a new Printer Properties window appears. for example. you can navigate to the Printers and Faxes section of Control Panel and click the Add a printertask. attempt to access it from a different computer on the local network. Close the Control Panel window when finished. Ensure Windows File and Printer Sharing services are enabled on the computer before beginning this procedure. first navigate to the Printers and Other Hardware category to find this icon. Follow these instructions to share printers connected to a Windows XP computer. select (single click) the icon for a printer you wish to share. 2. Open (double click) the Printers and Faxes icon from within the Control Panel window. you can right-click on the selected printer icon to open a pop-up menu and choose the Sharing. At this stage. From another Windows computer. 4. From the Printer Tasks pane (left hand side of the Control Panel window). You must physically connect the computer and printer to complete this step. enter a descriptive name for the printer: This is the identifier that will be shown to other devices on the local network when they make connections.. In both cases. To test sharing is configured properly for this printer. you can still enable it to be accessed from other devices on your local network. These steps assume your computer is running the latest operating system Service Pack. Click OK or Apply to complete this step.How To Share a Printer with Windows XP Even if your printer does not have built-in sharing or wireless capability. In the list of printers and faxes within the Control Panel window.

2. For other devices to access the shared printer. the host computer must be powered on and connected to the local network. What You Need   Local printer installed on a Windows XP host computer Host computer connected to a local network P a g e | 60 .

Back up & Restore Files .

point to All Programs. Click Start Backup. use one of the following steps:  If you want to append this backup to previous backups. 4. The Backup or Restore Wizard starts. Click Start. The SystemState data includes such things as the registry. files under Windows File Protection. 5. Click the Backup tab. and then click to select the check boxes for the files or folders that you want. Click to select the check boxes for the drives that you want to back up. 3. and boot files. type the full path and file name that you want in the Backup media or file name box. Click Advanced Mode. back up all the data on your computer plus the System State data. 8. 7. click Append this backup to the media.How to Back Up Files and Folders Note You must have permissions as an administrator or as a backup operator on your computer to back up files and folders. Under If the media already contains backups. You can also specify a network share as a destination for the backup file.and then click Backup. backup operators and administrators can back up and restore encrypted files and folders without decrypting the files or folders. the COM+ class registration database. expand the drive that you want. Note If you want to back up your system settings and your data files. 6. If you want to be more specific in your selections. 9. On the Job menu. point to System Tools. click the backup destination that you want to use. The Backup Job Information dialog box appears. In the Backup destination list. 1. 10. Click to select the System State check box. If you clicked File in the previous step. P a g e | 62 . point to Accessories. 2. click New. Also.

and the backup starts. and then click Start Backup. and then expand the media name that you want. Click Start. expand Backup. expand Media created 01/01/2002 1:15 PM. 3. 2. 4. point to System Tools.bkfcreated 01/01/2002 at 1:15 PM. Select the Verify data after backup check box. backup operators and administrators can back up and restore encrypted files and folders without decrypting the files or folders. In the Backup Type box. click Replace the data on the media with this backup. By default. For example. expand File. point to All Programs. 15. Click OK. P a g e | 63 . When you click a backup type. Use one of the following steps:  If you want to restore from a backup file. 1. When the backup is complete. click Close. backup includes the date and time of the backup as part of the file name. Click the Restore and Manage Media tab. Click Advanced. Travan). and then click Backup. 13. A Backup Progress dialog box appears. Also. point to Accessories. If you want to overwrite previous backups with this backup. The Backup or Restore Wizard starts. expand the tape device that you want (for example." 14. For example. 12. Click Advanced Mode.  If you want to restore from a tape backup. How to Restore Files and Folders Note You must have permissions as an administrator or a backup operator on your computer to restore files and folders. a description of that backup type appears under "Description. 11. and then expand the backup file that you want. click the type of backup that you want.

On the Tools menu. 6. and then click to select the check boxes for the files or folders that you want to restore. If you are restoring the whole operating system. 8. Use this selection to prevent the restore operation from overwriting existing files on your computer. Type the location that you want in the Alternate location box. In the Restore files to box. and then click OK.  Click Alternate location if you want to restore a file or files to another location on the hard disk. 9. Use this selection to separate the restored files or folders from the rest of the files on the hard disk. Click the method that you want Backup to use when it restores a file that is already on the computer.  Click Single folder if you want to restore a file or files to a single folder on the hard disk. make sure SP1 is installed for your current Windows installation. double-click the folder that you want. IMPORTANT Make sure your current Windows installation has the same service pack level as your operating system backup before you restore a full backup. click Options. you must restore the System State data. Backup uses this selection to determine whether to overwrite P a g e | 64 . Type the location that you want in theAlternate location box.5. if you restore a full backup that includes Service Pack 1 (SP1). the COM+ class registration database. If you want to be more specific in your selections. Note If you want to restore the operating system and your data files. The System State data includes such things as the registry. Click to select the check boxes for the folders that you want to restore. use one of the following steps:  Click Original location if you want to restore the files to the location where you backed them up. Use this selection when you restore the whole computer. and boot files. 7. click to select the System State check box. files under Windows File Protection. For example.

and the restore operation starts. 12. Note If you are restoring the operating system.an existing file only when it restores a file in a folder that contains the existing file. 13. In the Confirm Restore prompt that appears. click Yes. click Always replace the file on my computer. If you are prompted to restart the computer. click OK if you want to restore the System State information with the selected backup: Warning Restoring System State will always overwrite current System State unless restoring to an alternative location. A Restore Progress dialog box appears. When the restore process is complete. click OK. Click Start Restore. P a g e | 65 . If you receive the following message. 10. click Close. 11.

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