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Background The Reform Focus


Lifelong learning Academic Excellence

Lifelong Learning; Lifelong Employability Workforce development Career Advancement

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Credit: Prof. C Juma

Background: TVET Governance Issues


TVET Act, gazetted on 25th January, 2013 will help deal with the following Specific TVET Challenges
Access and Equity: Low Net participation rate TVET has not kept up with the demand of economic and social development GOK responsible for access to TVET for Work and Pleasure TVET Financing: The hour glass shaped Education system

Quality and Relevance: Mismatch between skills demanded and skills supplied Efficiency of TVET programs: Skilled talents are in short supply Saturday, April 06, 2013 in Kenya

The Expected TVET System

National Qualification
TVET Curriculum Development Assessment and Certification Council

Training Programme
Competency Based Demand Driven

Competent workers

Competency Assessment

Facilities Quality Management System Funds

Certification (Meaningful Qualifications)

High- end TVET graduates increased productivity; Lifelong learning & employability


Experienced Workers


Providing adequate skilled manpower at all levels of the economy. To provide and promote life-long education and training for self-reliance.
This means providing equitable access to good quality skills training relevant to the labour market

Developing appropriate skills at all levels through practical training and work experience. Promoting active and continuous transfer of technology through collaborative approaches with relevant industries. Providing increased training opportunities for the increasing number of school leavers.

Mandate of Public TVET Institutions

Derived from TVET Act 2013 the mandate of TVET institutions is to offer courses as follows:
Vocational Training Centres (VTCs) up to artisan certificate Technical and Vocational Colleges (TVCs) up to Diploma level Technical Trainer Colleges (TTCs) up to Higher Diploma Level National Polytechnic (NP) up to higher Diploma Level

TTCs and NP can collaborate with a university to offer programmes leading to award of Bachelor's degree in TVET

Establishment of TVET Institutions


VTCs and TVCs

TTCs and NPs

Seek accreditation, licensing and registration to TVETA Those already offering TVET programmes have 6 Months after the comencement of the Act to apply

Meet all requirements of VTCs and TVCs Be established by the Cabinet Secretary by Order Published in the Kenya Gazette

Contravening these requirements one is liable for a fine of less than Ksh 1 Million or Imprisonment of 6 months or both
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Establishing Kenya Technical Trainer College


A draft Legal Order to Establish KTTC as envisaged in the TVET Act 2013 has been prepared and will be gazetted soon to provide forThe establishment and composition of the council; The functions and organs of governance; The appointment of the Principal; The Power of the Cabinet Secretary to make regulations;
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Governance of TVET Institutions


Public TVET institutions shall be governed and managed in accordance with the provisions of the TVET Act 2013 and any other instrument approved by the TVETA Board The principal organs of Governance are
BOGs for VTCs and TVCs Councils for TTCs and NPs

These Principal Organs will be established by the Cabinet Secretary, in consultation with TVETA Board
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Aims of Governance & Management Structures


encouraging co-operation & collaboration among all stakeholders; decentralizing decision-making authority; enhancing a culture of accountability, democracy, and transparency in TVET; ensuring effective and efficient education and training; ensuring participation of & Consultation with stakeholders at all levels.
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Guiding Principals for Councils


The need to uphold the provsions of the TVET Act EnsureConsultation with the Cabinet Secretary or Principal Secretary. Effective participation of stakeholders in matters relating to governance. No person shall serve as chairperson or member in more than one council. Must be appointed to conduct the business of the council.

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Councils as Body Corporates


Councils shall be bodies corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and shall in their corporate name , be capable of-

suing and being sued taking, purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding, charging or disposing of both movable and immovable property borrowing money Charging for services offered, with the approval of the Cabinet Secretary, entering into contracts, and doing or performing all other acts necessary for the proper performance of its functions under the Act which may be lawfully done or performed by a body corporate.
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Membership of a Council

It shall comprise not less than seven and not more than nine members appointed by the cabinet secretary as follows:
A Chairperson A representative of the Principal Secretary responsible for TVET; A representative of the County Governor; Six other persons appointed based on knowledge and experience in:
Leadership and Management Financial Management Technology Industry Engineering ICT

The Principal shall be the Secretary to the Council

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Functions of Governing Council for KTTC


The 18 functions of Councils are set out in Section 29 of the Act including:Overseeing the conduct of education and training in the College; Promoting and maintaining standards, quality and relevance in education and training in KTTC; Administering and managing property of KTTC Mobilizing resources for KTTC; Developing and implementing KTTCs strategic plan; Preparing annual estimates of revenue and expenditure and incurring expenditure;
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Functions of Governing Council for KTTC ..


The 18 functions of Councils are set out in Section 29 of the Act including:Receiving, on behalf of KTTC, fees, grants, subscriptions, donations, bequests or other moneys and to make disbursements to the TTC or other bodies or persons; Determining fees payable and prescribe conditions under which fees may be remitted in accordance with the guidelines developed under the provisions of the Act; Developing and reviewing training programmes; Regulating the admission and exclusion of students, subject to a Qualifications Framework and provisions of the Act;
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Functions of Governing Council for KTTC...


The 18 functions of Councils are set out in Section 29 of the Act including:approving collaboration or association with other institutions and industries in and outside Kenya Recruiting and appointing trainers from among qualified professionals and practicing trades persons in relevant sectors; Determining suitable terms and conditions of service for support staff, trainers and instructors and remunerating the staff of the KTTC, in consultation with the TVET Authority; Making regulations governing organization, conduct and discipline of the staff and students;
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Functions of Governing Council for KTTC ....


The 18 functions of Councils are set out in Section 29 of the Act including:Preparing comprehensive annual reports on all areas of its mandate including education and training services and submit the same to the Assessment Council; Providing for the welfare of the students and staff; Encouraging, nurturing and promoting democratic culture, dialogue and tolerance; and Discharging all other functions conferred upon it by the Act or any other written law.
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The Principal of KTTC


The Principal shall be the CEO of KTTC; The Principal shall be appointed by the Cabinet Secretary on the recommendation of KTTC Council following a competitive recruitment process; The principal shall serve for a period of five years, which term may be renewed once; The Principal shall be the Secretary to the Governing Council.
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Specific Duties and Responsibilities


Develop strategic goals for the institution in line with appropriate policies and plans to ensure the present and future wellbeing of the institution. Approve the annual budgets and financial statements of the institution. Monitor progress in budget implementation and approve adjustments, if necessary. Create committees to recommend policies and monitor performance in specific areas of responsibility. Provide guidance to the principal as and when required. Lead in resource mobilization.
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Outputs of an Effective Council


Clear and focussed vision and mission Enhancement of team spirit and inclusive/participary leadership. Effective resource mobilization and prudent management of financial resources. Development and improvement of facilities. Optimum staffing levels and effective management of the human resources, and discipline within the TTC & community.

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Outputs of an Effective Council


Existence of conducive work environment for staff and enabling environment for training and learning. Consciousness with staff and student welfare matters, including their Health and safety. Fostering of Positive relations with the community. Informed decision making. Meeting of set targets in the performance contract; evidence of effective and timely delivery of services.
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Government Facilitation to the Councils


The government unertakes to provide the following to assist the council realize its vision and mission:
Policy Framework; Sessional Paper on Education and Training 2012; The TVET Act, 2013; Vision 2030, Periodic circulars, etc. National curriculum development and evaluation/assessment. Training Staff. Grants: Operations, Development, Special, etc. Quality assurance. Capacity building; Council members, principals and staff.
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Systematic approach of intervention at 3 levels A. Ministry B. Training institution C. National, Regional & international Networks

TVET FOR EMPLOYMENT Adjusting training to actual country and Sector need
Based on Kenyas priorities and within a coordinated reform context

Kenya led by choice of Priority issues &sectors Pilot institutions Desired partners

At state department level A Change Management Team: Orientations, Policies, Structures (Presided by DTVET)

C Capacity Building Network [County, Region]

C Capacity Building Network [IDR, UNEVOC. WHO..]

B Institutional Partnerships
C Capacity Building Network [Employers]

C Capacity Building Network [Trade Association] Sustainability Built upon -Closer links to employers -Closer links to the community -multipurpose of equipment

Program Reform by competencies, employer partnerships, institutional B B management, Institutional Institutional entrepreneurship Partnerships Partnerships development

B Institutional Partnerships
C Capacity Building Network [Other Projects]

C Capacity Building Network [South - South] Coordinated approach with Kenyas priorities SWAP interventions Other similar projects Chambers of commerce Regional initiatives

Conclusion and Way Forward


TVET council members should develop key attributes and characteristics that can predispose successful TVET institution performance The should acquire certain leadership behaviours and attributes that holds great promise for those participating in and leading TVET programs, reform efforts, and the change process Council members should be conversant with the relevant laws and government policy to guide them in the implementation of programmes and projects through effective and informed decision-making, as well as sound management of resources. Government through the Ministry will continue to provide all the necessary support to ensure quality service delivery in the TTC. Saturday, April 06, 2013



Saturday, April 06, 2013

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