Jl.

Tukad Batanghari VIII/7A – Denpasar – Bali – Indonesia Tel: (62) 361 7910518 Fax: (62) 361 7910518

Building Structure, Finishes and Site

Drs. Agustinus Agus Purwanto, MM

Roof
Critical building component Flat Sl Fl t or Sloped d Deck Covering Roofing felt Flashing

Exterior walls
Enclose structure Supports roof (low rise) S t f (l i ) Should last for many decades if properly maintained Painting Cleaning Inspection

Windows and Doors
Window types
– – –

Fixed Casement vertically hung single double Wooden Metal Solid Hollow H ll some are mostly glass (revolving doors, for example)

Glazing g
– –

Doors types
– – – – –

Structural frame
Skeleton of building

should b i h ld be inspected at l t d t least once a year t

Walls (low rise) Concrete/Steel superstructures (high rise)

Foundations
usually stone or concrete rests on a solid, underground footing base frost walls drainage carries a building's dead and live loads
– –

Dead load (building’s weight) Live load (dead load + people, furniture, natural stresses) t )

Elevators
Cable
– – – – – – –

Elevator shaft Car or cab Guide rails Cables Counterweights Safety devices Elevator motor

Hydraulic Much of the maintenance is done by the y manufacturer

Parking areas
Concrete
– – – –

Structural features
– – –

mixture of paste and aggregates hardens through hydration tensile strength Deterioration
Crazing Leaching freeze/thaw cycles Spalling

Subgrade Subbase Surface course

Asphalt
– – –

mixture of asphalt, cement and aggregate typical problems caused by poorly compacted soil underneath nderneath surface failures caused by
weathering or wearing insufficient asphalt too much asphalt unstable mixtures poor drainage

Layout considerations overall dimensions parking controls for managing traffic well-defined entrances and exits acceleration/deceleration lanes number of parking spaces Maintenance issues
– – – – – –

surface cleaning Inspections Waterproofing minor repairs of cracks structural repairs t t l i snow and ice removal

Parking Lots and ADA requirements
a specified number of parking spaces (depending on the total number of parking spaces) must be Total # spaces Req’d Spaces “accessible” 1 to 25 1
26 to 50 51 to 75 76 to 100 101 to 150 151 to 200 201 to 300 301 to 400 401 to 500 501 to 1000 1001 + 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2% of total
20, plus 1 for ea 100

requirements include
– – – – –

width of parking spaces idth f ki access aisles accessible routes accessible parking spaces in valet parking facilities passenger loading zones must also be accessible

Storm water drainage systems
designed to carry rain water away from the property sheet fl h t flow open-channel flow underground drainage facilities should be built to last at least 50 years

Landscaping and grounds
Often outsourced Sets i S t visual t l tone f property for t Curb appeal Maintenance
– – – – – –

Planting Mowing Fertilizing Pruning Watering g Work varies with the season and climate

Irrigation systems
Provides water for the grounds Overwatering should b avoided O t i h ld be id d Sources of water
– – – –

potable water system stored supply (lake, underground tank) nearby stream or river gray water t

Sprinkler heads Mist applicators

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