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tune ups. These workshops may also be specialized in working on specific repairs such as engine rebuilding.CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION With increasing population. The scope of garage is influenced by the availability of repair work and number of vehicles running on the road. Medium garages : They provide all types of routine service and repair work including tune up and brake testing with parking facilities and reception area for customers. They also provide adequate parking and waiting facilities for the customers. This general repair shop works on all different makes and models of automobiles and repairing all the different parts from engine to rear axles. GARAGE A garage is a place or area where repair and maintenance work for an automobile take place which is important for trouble free and prompt operation of automobiles. There are generally two different types of garages. 3. This rise has necessitated the availability of garages and service station for carrying out repair work and providing maintenance services for different types of vehicles. 2. These shops are run by businessmen who employ several mechanics. They deal with urgent repairs without even advance booking. Large garages : they have a well trained and qualified staff who carry out thorough analysis of each system of automobiles and generate a test report indicating the condition of each components and how soon they will be repaired. There are three main different types of garages: 1. SERVICE STATION . This has lead to an increase in car population on the roads steadily. the standard of living of people is also increasing. Small garages : They replace and adjust some major components of a particular range of vehicles and stock a large range of tools. The second types of garages are of those working on any one kind of vehicle such as Maruti or Honda. transmission etc. the general repair workshops owned by mechanic turned businessmen person. Many vehicle manufacturers have setup their own authorized garages in every big city and towns in different locations to provide servicing and maintenance of their vehicles. parts and accessories.
If it is a small garage then it will have one bench at the closed end of the garage and a pit or a small lift in front to lift the vehicle and carry out the work underneath it. tool storage and repair work. Since a garage or service station may provide work for a large number of people hence it should be located where labour is easily available. a separate drawer belonging to the mechanic with all the tools necessary to carry out the repair work. They include facilities for providing from care of motor vehicles by mechanical servicing to minor servicing such as providing petrol and lubricating oils.A Service station is a place where regular and periodical maintenance work takes place. They should be located on busy roads where all kinds of transport can be flown. LAYOUT OF GARAGE The layout of a garage also plays a crucial role in determining the successful running of a garage. The internal layout of the garage should be as such to provide ample space for space for bench work. A warm front office should also be provided with waiting areas for the customers. as a part of its layout. LOCATION A garage/ service station should be strategically sited near to markets and highways for its successful running. This speeds up the repair work and gains in profit by facilitating quick servicing. petrol pump and sales of spare parts etc. A large garage should have a number of repair bays wherein each bay is provided with a lift. checking of air pressure. . The garage should have simple facilities such as cleaning. The repair bays should be placed properly in the garage so as they do not provide inconvenience in taking the vehicle out of the garage after repair. particularly in highway junctions. They should be placed in a region where spare parts and lubricating oil is easily available and in sufficient quantity. A sufficient flow of vehicular traffic should be present in that area for profitable operation of the garage. Sufficient lighting and ventilation should be provided for the work benches. Narrow entrance should be avoided at it may result in damaging the customers vehicle while shunting it in and out. The layout of a garage mainly depends on the size of work done by it. washing.
The vehicle drawn in to the garage should be checked in all respects before delivering it to the customer. Important service divisions that should be made in a garage are as follows: . This reduces the chances of future breakdown of the vehicle and increases its life. Now the supervisor hands the vehicle along with the job card to the repair bay wherein a mechanic further inspects the vehicle thoroughly. He then removes different parts of the vehicle and sends it to their specific divisions in the garage for further servicing. Such type servicing helps in bringing good name to servicing center for providing best servicing. The mechanic carries out a standard procedure for servicing the vehicle. The vehicle is handed over to technical supervisors in the garage wherein he notes down the faults needed to be rectified in the vehicle on a job card. Like this all different parts of the vehicle are properly serviced.VARIOUS SERVICES AT A GARAGE A garage is divided into different divisions to carry out repair works on different parts of the vehicle.
turning. All the mechanics should be well trained to operate the tools and regular servicing of the equipments should be done to ensure safety. connecting rod aligner and other such tools. are kept in stores or steel racks within the vicinity of the mechanics work area. 1. 4) Tuning of the engine. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS USED IN A GARAGE In a garage various types of tools and equipments are required to carry out different types of repair work. voltmeter and high rate discharge tester. valve seat cutter and grinder. Battery charging unit and analyzers. Brake riveting. timing light. 2) Wheel alignment and balancing division. 3) Battery servicing which includes battery testing thru hydrometer. 7) Body repairing divisions which carry out denting and repainting jobs on the vehicles. carburetor. etc. 6) Welding and cutting using oxyacetylene and metallic arc welding equipments. cutting. Hand tools for which energy supplied by the hand is sufficient for its operation. measuring tools and others equipments meant for specific parts of vehicles and perform a specific task. These tools include all the tools used for striking. gripping. bending and flaring tools. speed and efficiency.1) Brake service division where operations such as Brake drum turning. spark plug cleaner and tester. Brake bleeding. They vary from hand operated tools. power tools. fuel pump. 5) Reconditioning of engine by overhauling equipments such as cylinder boring machine. Hammers . The list of hand tools required in a garage by the mechanic is given below. servicing brake shoes are carried out. with the help of fuel pump calibration machine. Brake relining.
Twist drills 15. Pullers 10. work benches. Shop crane . Power tools are the tools that are driven with the aid of electricity. Electric drill 3. Hydraulic jacks 8.2. Wrenches 4. Spanners 5. Grinding wheels 5. scrappers 8. Air hammers. Drill press 4. drills and wrenches 6. This saves time and increases productivity. Chisels 11. Punches 14. 1. Hacksaw 12. They are used in cases where manual power in not sufficient to do the job such as holding fixtures. Taps and dies. Screwdrivers 3. Various power tools that are used in a garage are enlisted below. Feeler gauge 7. Soldering gun 7. Files 13. compressed air or hydraulic pressure. Sockets 6. Bench vise 2. lifting heavy parts and cleaning. Pliers 9.
Press 10. Inside and outside micrometers 2. Cylinder leakage tester 13.9. These equipments are listed as below. Car washer 11. electrical repairs and reconditioning of a vehicle. Spark plug cleaner and tester 9. Fuel consumption tester 12. Wheel alignment equipments Engine repairing and tune up equipments 1. Compression gauge 6. Vacuum gauge 5. Tyre changer In addition to these above mentioned general tools various other equipments are necessary to carry out tasks like measuring. Smoke tester . Cylinder dial gauge 4. Piston ring files and groove cleaners 3. Ignition timing light 10. Measuring and precision tools 1. Exhaust gas analyzer 14. Battery tester 8. Dwell angle tester 7. Piston ring compressor and expander 2. Fuel injector tester 11. Valve lifter and valve spring tester 4. repairing and tuning up of engine. Dial micrometer 3.
Connecting rod aligner 5. Multimeter 2.15. Wheel balancing machine Electrical repair equipments 1. Brake efficiency tester 14. Nozzle grinding and lapping machine 8. Crankshaft and camshaft grinding machine 4. Head light beam analyzer . Cylinder head refacer 13. Valve refacer and valve seat grinding machine 10. Line boring machine 6. Battery charger 5. Paint spray gun and paint drying equipments 15. Tyre retreading equipments 12. Electrical test bench 4. Growler 3. Brake line riveters 16. Radiator tester 11. Fuel injection pump calibration machine 9. Tech II Reconditioning equipments 1. Cylinder boring and honing machine 3. Arbor press 7. Brake drum lathe 2.
These provide speed. Proper servicing of all these equipments should be done periodically to ensure it’s longer and economical life. All these equipments will be discussed in detail in this book. All the mechanics should be properly trained to handle these equipments to ensure customer safety and satisfaction. Chapter 2 GENERAL GARAGE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS An automotive service workshop requires a great variety of tools and equipments which will help in doing a repair job HAND TOOLS n . reliability and productive work.All these tools and equipments mentioned above are necessary in a garage.
1440 R.P.M.. AIR COMPRESSOR • SPECIFICATION : MOTOR – 5 H. • APPLICATION : . 440 VOLTS TANK CAPACITY. PISTON DISPLACEMENT. 3PHASE. PRESSURE-12 KG/CM.20 CUBIC FEET/MM.250 LITRES SPEED.P.CHAPTER 3 SERVICE STATION EQUIPMENTS 1.
like .The air compressor compresses the air which is further used on various other purposes in a garage.
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