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Preparing for the examination
Having successfully completed this unit you should be able to: Plan your preparation for the examination Understand the nature and format of the examination paper Know where to get help with your preparation in the period before the exams
Reading Material and Resources
You should identify and gather together any further reading you want to do in preparation for the examination. You might find it useful to look at the exam guidance on the LR website.
General guidelines and pointers
In all cases you are expected to illustrate your answers by reference to the literature and to examples and case studies. All the answers should show familiarity with the appropriate sections of the course text. 1. The examination paper is a two-hour paper. There are six questions from which you have to choose two. There are no sections and no compulsory questions. All the questions require an essay type answer. 2. The main advice is that you should read extensively from the course text and journal articles listed in the lecture notes (these are all available on OASIS plus) and make sure you are familiar with the handouts from the classes. 3. You are unlikely to do well unless you do supplementary reading – from the internet and especially from journals. It does not necessarily have to be from a reading list that we have given you. 4. You will need to show in your answers that you have read beyond the course text if you want to get a really good grade. Whilst we do not, in an exam, expect the full referencing that we look for in essays you should indicate this reading/knowledge by direct use of author‟s names 5. Remember that essay type questions will be marked in a similar way to essays submitted as coursework, though with somewhat less stringent requirements in terms of referencing. Structure is important even in an exam. We will be looking for a clear structure, critical and evaluative thinking. In addition we will expect a good standard of basic English – so pay attention to grammar and spelling – no txt spk! 6. Your answers should clearly address the question asked (not some other question you would prefer to answer!) and one way to ensure you do not stray
You should not rely excessively on case study material you have used in your coursework. To what extent would you agree that the events of recent decades have led to an increased need for an international agency to take a leading role in tourism policy and planning? 9. 8. The same example continually used in different essays will not impress. 4. Liberal use of case studies and examples will enhance your answers. Do small island states have distinctive policy needs for the development of tourism? 3. „Climate change is now a major policy issue facing the tourism industry. All exam essays should also have a conclusion. What policy issues need to be addressed if tourism in small island states is to be sustainable? .‟ Discuss the implications of this statement.Lecture 12 Page 2 from the point is to write a good clear introduction that explains how you intend to answer the question i. What contribution can events such as the Olympic Games make to the tourism development strategy of a city? 6. Above all we will be looking for evidence that you can apply factual information in a critical and systematic way to particular questions. Do non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have a useful role to play in tourism policy in countries with a high incidence of poverty? 5.e. ENDSECTION START SECT ION=c ontent_3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies employed to aid the recovery of the tourism industry in tsunami affected areas. Try to vary your examples – examiners look for breadth of reading and knowledge. from personal experience.‟ Discuss the implications of this statement for tourism policy. from the literature. Are national governments an appropriate agency for the development of tourism policy? 7.htm=SECTION~ Sample questions 1. „Domestic tourism is more important than international tourism in large countries. from the internet etc… Make sure you apply your examples clearly to the question. What lessons for the future can planners and policymakers learn from this event? 2. READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY and PLAN BEFORE YOU START TO WRITE. 9. 7. 8. These may be taken from the class presentations – other people‟s as well as your own. setting out the scope of your essay and defining relevant terms. This is a key factor differentiating honours level work from earlier work.
What additional reading and preparation do you need to do for the examination? Are you familiar with all the key concepts and debates from the module? Have you done all the key reading? . Revision Think In preparation you should review your notes and look at the sample questions given. Assess the significance of this influence. 11. This should give you a clear idea of the type of questions you can expect in your paper.Lecture 12 Page 3 10. Discuss together how you might both improve on your plans. 12. Use two examples to assess the role of crisis/disaster management frameworks for tourism destinations. Show how non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have been able to influence tourism policy. „The role of national governments in tourism policy should be limited to marketing and promotion. 15. Use examples to illustrate your points. Critically evaluate pro-poor tourism as a policy approach to the development of tourism. 13. Assess the contribution that the UNWTO makes to tourism policy at the international level. 14. Then get together with a fellow student in the class and swap your plan with theirs. Decide what additional work you need to do – decide which topics to concentrate on in your revision and gather together the material you need to revise these topics including any additional reading. Ask the tutor for further guidance on anything you do not understand. Select a question from those given and plan out an answer. You have been given some questions from previous examination papers. Compare the policy issues faced by the tourism sector in a mature or well established tourism destination country with those faced by a country with a newly developed tourism sector.‟ Critically evaluate this statement.
” (R. 4. Sb/mar/11 . Some further questions to try 1. Scheyvens. “In practice…. Assess the difficulties involved in meeting the needs of all stakeholders in the strategic planning and development of a tourist destination. p. Discuss the implications of this for the effectiveness of national tourism planning. Compare and critically evaluate the tourism development strategies of two small island states. 2003. 181). 6. Discuss alternative policy frameworks that might be implemented to alleviate these impacts. Many governments have been concerned largely with macroeconomic issues. What evidence is there that a „mega‟ or „hallmark‟ event can contribute positively to the tourism development strategies of urban areas? 7. Scheyvens that the role of tourism NGOs differs between the developed and the developing countries? 5. With reference to a specific geographical region outline the predicted impacts of climate change on the region‟s tourism. 2.Lecture 12 Page 4 Are you clear about the format and style of the exam paper? If you have not taken an exam for some time it may be useful to do some practice answers under exam type conditions. To what extent do you agree that in recent years the potential for global organisations to contribute positively to the tourism industry has increased? 3. 8. Assess the implications for national tourism planning. EITHER To what extent do you agree that changes in national tourism policy reflect changes in the national political context? OR Compare the needs of the contemporary tourism industry in the UK with Dubai or Tunisia. To what extent do you agree with R.