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Scheme of Examination FIRST SEMESTER

Sl. no Subject Subject Name . code 1. MEPS Advance Mathematics - 101 2. MEPS Power System - 102 Dynamics Analysis and control 3. MEPS Advance Power - 103 System Protection Relays 4. MEPS Power Electronics - 104 Applications to Power Systems 5. MEPS Advance Course in - 105 Electrical Machines 6. MEPS Lab I Power - 106 Electronics Lab 7. MEPS Lab II Power - 107 System Lab Total Contact Internal Period Assessm L P ent Marks 3 50 3 50 End Sem. Exam T P 100 100 Total Mark s. 150 150

50

100

150

50

100

150

3 -

3 3

50 25 25 300

100 500

M.E./ M.Tech. Power Systems (UIT, RGTU, BPL)

Scheme of Examination

SECOND SEMESTER Sl. N o. Sub. code. no MEPS - 201 MEPS - 202 MEPS - 203 MEPS - 204 MEPS - 205 MEPS - 206 MEPS - 207 Contact Internal Period Assessme L P nt Marks 3 50 3 3 3 3 3 3 50 50 25 25 100 100 100 100 150 150 125 125 50 End Sem. exam T P 100 100 Total Mark s. 150 150

Subject Name Reactive Power Control & FACTS Energy Conservation and Mgt Elective I Elective II Elective-III Lab-III - Advance Power System Lab Lab-IV - Computer applications in Power Systems Lab Total

1. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

300

500

200

1000

MEPS-203, Elective-I (A) Power System Planning & Management (B) Advance Control System (C) EHVAC and HVDC

MEPS-204, Elective-II (A) Power Quality & conditioning (B) Power System Instrumentation (C) Microcomputer & its Applications in power systems

MEPS205, Elective-III (A) Modern Trends In Power System (B) Computer Aided Power System Analysis (C) Power System Transients

M.E./ M.Tech. Power Systems (UIT, RGTU, BPL)

Scheme of Examination

Contact Period L P 3 3 3 3 3 Internal Assessment Marks 50 50 50 50 50 50 THIRD SEMESTER End Sem. exam Total Marks. T P 100 100 150 150 50 100 50

Sl. No . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Subject code MEPS 301 MEPS 302 MEPS 303 MEPS 304 MEPS 305

Subject Name

250

200

50

500

MEPS 301, Elective-IV (A) Restructured Power System (B) DSP & its applications (C) Power Controller

MEPS 302, Elective-V (A) Power System Economics (B) Special Machines (C) Advanced Electrical Drives

M.E./ M.Tech. Power Systems (UIT, RGTU, BPL)

Scheme of Examination

FOURTH SEMESTER Sl. Sub. No. code. no 1. MEPS 401 Subject Name Contact Period L T P 6 Internal Assessment Marks 200 End Sem. exam T P 300 Total Marks . 500

200

300

500

*Maximum, Minimum Pass Marks: 1. Theory Marks = 100 2. Practical Max. 50/100 3. Internal Ass. Marks 25/50/200 4. Dissertation End. Exam = 300

Pass Min = 40 Pass Min = 25/50 Pass Min = 15/30/120 Pass Min = 150

Category of Course

UNIT 1 Solution of Partial Differential Equation (PDE) by separation of variable method, numerical solution of PDE (Laplace, Poissons, Parabola) using finite difference methods, Elementary properties of FT, DFT, WFT, Wavelet transform, Haar transform. UNIT 2 Probability, compound probability and discrete random variable. Binomial, Normal and Poissons distributions, Sampling distribution, elementary concept of estimation and theory of hypothesis, recurred relations. UNIT 3 Stochastic process, Markov process transition probability transition probability matrix, just and higher order Markov process, Markov chain. Queuing system, transient and steady state, traffic intensity, distribution queuing system, concepts of queuing models (M/M/1: Infinity/ Infinity/ FC FS), (M/M/1: N/ Infinity/ FC FS), (M/M/S: Infinity/ Infinity/ FC FS) UNIT 4 Operations of fuzzy sets, fuzzy arithmetic & relations, fuzzy relation equations, fuzzy logics. MATLAB introduction, programming in MATLAB scripts, functions and their application. UNIT 5 Introduction and definition of reliability, derivation of reliability functions, Failure rate, Hazard rate, mean time t future & their relations, concepts of fault tolerant analysis, Elementary idea about decision theory and goal programming. Reference Books: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.V. Ramana, Tata Mc Hill. 2. Advance Engineering Mathematics by Ervin Kreszig, Wiley Easten Edd. 3. Applied Numerical Methods with MATLAB by Steven C Chapra, TMH. 4. Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis by S.S. Shastry, 5. Numerical Solution of Differential Equation by M. K. Jain 6. Numerical Mathematical Analysis By James B. Scarborogh 7. Fourier Transforms by J. N. Sheddon 8. Fuzzy Logic in Engineering by T. J. Ross 9. Fuzzy Sets Theory & its Applications by H. J. Zimmersoms

Category of Course

UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO POWER SYSTEM STABILITY PROBLEM: Basic concepts and definitions: Rotor angle stability, voltage stability and voltage collapse, Midterm and long-term stability, Classification of stability, states of operation and system security system dynamic problems. UNIT 2 REVIEW OF CLASSICAL METHOD: System model, some mathematical analysis of steady state stability, analysis of transient stability, simplified representation of excitation control. UNIT 3 MODELING OF SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE: Introduction, synchronous machine, parks transformation, analysis of steady state performance per unit equivalent circuits of synchronous machine, determination of parameters of equivalent circuits, measurements for obtaining data, saturation models, transient analysis of a synchronous machine. UNIT 4 EXCITATION AND PRIME MOVER CONTROLLERS: Excitation system Modeling, system representation by state evasions, prime move control systems. UNIT 5 TRNMISSION LINE, SVC AND LOADS: D-Q transformation using L-B variables, static var compensators, loads Dynamics of a synchronous generator connected to estimate bus: system model, synchronous machine model, calculation of initial conditions, inclusion of SVC Model, Analysis of single machine system, Small signal analysis with block diagram representation, synchronizing and damping torque analysis, small signal model, nonlinear oscillators. UNIT 6 APPLICATION OF POWER SYSTEM STABILIZERS: Basic concepts, control signals, structure and tuning of PSS, field implementation and operating experience 8 Hours. Reference Books: 1. K.R. Padiyar, Power system dynamics, stability and control, BS Pub. Hydbd 2. P Kunder, Power system stability and control, TMH. 3. P. W. Sauer & M A Pai: Power system dynamics and stability: Pearson.

Category of Course

CreditsL T P 3 - -

Unit 1 Protective Relays: Relaying review, characteristics and operating equations of relays. CTs and PTs differential relay, over-current relay, reverse power relay, distance relays, applications of relays. Unit 2 STATIC RELAYS: Introduction, advantages and disadvantages, classification logic ckts, smoothing circuits, voltage regulator square wave generator, time delay ckts level detectors, summation device, sampling circuit, zero crossing detector, output devices. COMPARATORS: Replica Impedance, mixing transformers, general equation of phase and amplitude comparator, realization of ohm, impedance and off set impedance characteristics, duality principle, static amplitude comparators, coincidence circuit, Hall effect devices, Magneto receptivity, zener diode phase comparator multi input comparators. Unit 3 Generator and transformer protection: Protective devices for system. Protective devices for stator, rotor, and prime mover of generator, percentage differential relays protection, three winding transformer protection, earth fault protection, generator transformer unit protection. UNIT 4 Bus bar and transmission line protection: Distance protective schemes, directional wave detection relay. Phase compensation carrier protection. High impedance differential scheme, supervisory and check relay, Some features of 500 KV relaying protection. Unit 5 Modern trends in power system protection: Different types of digital and computer aided relays, Microprocessor based relays, auto-reclosing, frequency relays, under and over frequency relays, di/dt relays. Algorithms for transmission line, transformer & bus bar protection; out-of-step relaying Introduction to adaptive relaying & wide area measurements Reference Books: 1. Power System Protection and Switchgear, B.Ram Tata Mc-Graw Hill Pub. 2. Switchgear and Protection, M.V.Deshpande - Tata Mc-Graw Hill Pub. 3. Power System Protection & Switchgear, Ravindra Nath, M.Chander, Willy P 4. Computer Relaying for power system, Arun Phadke, James Thorp, Johns W P 5. Power System Protection, M.A.Date, Bharti Prakashan, Vallabh Vidya N,(Guj).

Category of Course

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT I Power System components models formation of bus admittance matrix, algorithm for formation of bus impedance matrix. Reactive power capability of an alternator, transmission line model & loadability, Reactive power transmission & associated difficulties, Regulated shunt compensation, Models of OLTC & Phase shifting transformer, load flow study. UNIT II Sensitivity analysis: Generation shift distribution factors, line outage distribution factors, Compensated shift factors. Power systems security levels, contingency selection & evaluation, security constrained economic dispatch. Pre-contingency corrective rescheduling. UNIT-III Voltage stability: Proximity indicators e.g. slope of PV curve, Minimum Eigen value of reduced load flow Jacobian participation factors based on modal analysis and application. UNIT-IV Flexible ac transmission system, reactive power control, brief description and definition of FACTs controllers, shunt compensators, configuration and operating characteristics of TCR, FC-TCR, TSC, Comparisons of SVCs. UNIT-V Thy thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) Advantages of the TCSC, Basic principle and different mode of operation, analysis variable reactance model and transient stability model of TCSC. Reference Books: 1. Modern power system analysis D.P. Kothari, I.J. Nagrath, TMH, 2003 2. Power generation operation and control, A.J. Wood, B.F Woolenberg, John W 3. Understanding facts: Concepts and technologies of flexible AC transmission system IEEE Press, 2001 N.G. Hingorani, L. Gyugyi 4. Power system stability and control IEEE press P. Kundur, 1994 5. Thyristor Based FACTS controllers for electrical Transmission systems- R.M. Mathur, R.K. Verma, Wieldy inter science, 2002

Category of Course

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Review: Primitive machine, voltage and torque equation. Concept of transformation, change of variables, m/c variables and transform variables. Application to D.C. machine for steady state and transient analysis, equation of cross field commutator machine. UNIT 2 Induction Machine: Voltage, torque equation for steady state operation, Equivalent circuit, Dynamic performance during sudden changes in load torque and three phase fault at the machine terminals. Voltage & torque equation for steady state operation of 1- induction motor & scharge motor. UNIT 3 Synchronous Machine: Transformation equations for rotating three phase windings, Voltage and power equation for salient and non salient alternator, their phasor diagrams, Simplified equations of a synchronous machine with two damper coils. UNIT 4 Operational Impedances and Time Constants of Synchronous Machines : Park's equations in operational form, operational impedances and G(P) for a synchronous machine with four Rotor Windings, Standard synchronous machine Reactances, time constants, Derived synchronous machine time constants, parameters from short circuit characteristics. UNIT 5 Approximate Methods for Generator & System Analysis: The problem of power system analysis, Equivalent circuit & vector diagrams for approximate calculations, Analysis of line to line short circuit, Application of approximate method to power system analysis. Reference Books: 1. Analysis of Electric Machinery - P.C.Krause 2. The General theory of Electrical Machines - B.Adkins 3. The General theory of AC Machines - B.Adkins & R.G.Harley 4. Generalised theory of Electrical m/c - P.S.Bhimbra 5. Electro Mechanical Energy Conversion - White & Woodson

Suggestive list of experiments 1 Study of characteristics of various power electronics devices. 2. Study of characteristics of various power electronic converters. 3. Application of power electronics in speed control of various electrical machines.

MEPS 107 POWER SYSTEM LABORATORY Suggestive list of experiments 1. Study of Bucholz relay. 2. To determine the characteristics of inverse time current relay. 3. To determine the dielectric strength of transformer oil. 4. Separation of eddy current & iron losses of single phase transformer. 5. To perform slip test on synchronous machine and to determine d-axis & q-axis reactances. 6. To measure the direct axis subtransient reactance of synchronous machine. 7. To measure the quadrature axis subtransient reactance of synchronous machine. 8. Study of 3-phase short circuit on synchronous machine. 9. Characteristics of various relays.

Category of Course

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Introduction to FACTS: Basic Types of controllers, Description and definition of controllers Benefits from FACTS technology- Static Var Compensator (SVC): Principle of operation, configuration and control. Thyristor Controlled Series compensator (TCSC): Principle of operation, configuration and control, Application for damping electromechanical Oscillations, Application for mitigation of SSR. Static Compensator (STATCOM): Principle of operation, configuration and control. Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC): Principle of operation, configuration and control. Thyristor Controlled Phase Angle Regulator (TCPAR): Principle of operation, configuration and control, Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC): Principle of operation, configuration and control, Simulation of UPFC, Steady state model of UPFC. Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC): Principle of operation, configuration and control. UNIT 2 Oscillation Stability Analysis and Control: Introduction Linearised model of power systems installed with FACTS based Stabilisers Heffron-Phillips model of a SMIB system installed with SVC, TCSC and TCPS Heffron-Phillips model of a SMIB system with UPFC Heffron-Phillips model of a Multi-machine system installed with SVC, TCSC and TCPS UNIT 3 Analysis and Design of FACTS based stabilisers: Analysis of damping torque contribution by FACTS based stabilisers installed in SMIB systems, Design of robust FACTS based stabilisers installed in SMIB systems by phase compensation method. Selection of installing locations and feed back signal for FACTS based stabilizers UNIT 4 Transient Stability control with FACTS: Introduction Analysis of Power systems installed with FACTS devices: Power transmission control using Controllable Series Compensation(CSC), Power Transmission Control using SSSC, Power Transmission Control using UPFC, Power Transmission Control using Phase Shifting Transformer(PST), Power Transmission Control using UPFC, Control of FACTS devices for transient stability improvement General considerations of FACTS control strategy: CSC,SSSC, SVC, STATCOM and UPFC control strategy General Structure of the FACTS devices control. References: 1. Reactive Power Control in Power Systems, T J E Miller John Wiley. 2. Computer modeling of Electrical Power Systems, J Arriliga, N R Watson, Wiley 3. Understanding FACTS N G Hingorani and L Gyugyi, IEEE Press. 4. Flexible ac Transmission Systems (FACTS), Y.H. Song, A.T.Johns,IEEE P.

CATEGORY OF COURSE

P 0

Unit 1 General energy problem: Energy use patterns and scope for conservation. Energy audit: Energy monitoring, Energy accounting and analysis, Auditing and targeting. Energy conservation policy, Energy management & audit, Energy audit, Types of energy audit, energy management (audit), qualities and function of energy managers, language of an energy manager, Questionnaire, Check list for top management, Loss of energy in material flow, energy performance, Maximizing system efficiency, Optimizing, input energy requirements, Energy auditing instruments, Material load energy balance diagram. Unit 2 Thermodynamics of Energy Conservation, Basic principle, Irreversibility and second law, efficiency analysis of systems, Primary energy sources, optimum use of prime-movers, energy efficient house keeping, energy recovery in thermal systems, waste heat recovery techniques, thermal insulation, Thermal energy audit in heating, ventilation and air conditioning. Maintenance and Energy audit, friction, lubrication and tribo-logical innovations. Predictive and preventive maintenance Unit 3 Load curve analysis & load management DSM, Energy storage for power systems (Mechanical, Thermal, Electrical & Magnetic) Restructuring of electric tariff from energy conservation consideration, Economic analysis depreciation method, time value of money, Evaluation method of projects, replacement analysis, special problems inflation risk analysis. Pay back period, Energy economics, Cost Benefit Risk analysis, Pay back period. Unit 4 Energy efficient electric drives, Energy efficient motors V.S.D. power factor improvement in power system, Energy Conservation in transportation system especially in electric vehicle. Energy flow networks, Simulation & modeling, formulation & Objective & constraints, alternative option, Matrix chart. Unit 5 Energy conservation task before industry, Energy conservation equipments, CoGeneration, Energy conservation in Sugar, Textiles, Cement, process industry, Electrical Energy Conservation in building, heating, lighting, domestic gadgets Reference Books: 1. Energy Management W.R. Murphy & G. Mckey Butler worths. 2. Energy Management Head Book- W.C. Turner, John Wiley 3. Energy Management Principles- Craig B. Smith, Pergamon Press 4. Energy Conservation- Paul O Callagan- Pergamon Press 5. Design & Management of energy conservation. Callaghan, 6.Elect, Energy Utilization & Conservation. Dr. Tripathi S.C.,

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Introduction of power planning, National and Regional Planning, structure of P.S., planning tools, Electricity Regulation, Electrical Forecasting, forecasting techniques modeling. UNIT 2 Generation planning, Integrated power generation cogeneration/captive power, Power pooling and power trading. Transmission and distribution planning. Power system Economics. Power sector finance, financial planning, private participation Rural Electrification investment, concept of Rational tariffs. UNIT 3 Power supply Reliablity, Reliability planning. System operation planning, load management, load prediction, reactive power balance, online power flow studies, state estimation, computerized management, power system simulator. UNIT 4 Computer aided planning, wheeling. Environmental effects, the green house effect, Technological impacts. Insulation coordination. Reactive compensation. UNIT 5 Optimal power system expansion planning : Formulation of least cost optimization problem incorporating the capital, operating and maintenance cost of candidate plants of different types (Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear, Non-conventional etc.) and minimum assured reliability constraint optimization techniques for solution by programming. Reference Books: 1. Electrical Power System Planning by A.S.Pabla Machmillan India Ltd.

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 The Design Problem, Preliminary design considerations. Basic comparators, cascade compensation in time domain and frequency domain, feedback compensation, Different types of controllers. UNIT 2 State variables, state space representation, Transfer matrix, state model for linear continuous time systems. Eigen values, eigen vectors, Diagonalization, Solution of state equation, concept of controllability and observability. Pole placement by state feedback. UNIT 3 Introduction to discrete time systems , Time domain, representation & transformation analysis of discrete time systems, time domain approach and z domain approach. Pulse transfer function, Controllability and observability of discrete time systems stability analysis in z plane. UNIT 4 Introduction, characteristics limit cycles, singular points, Basic non linear components phase plane methods, Describing functions, Definition, D.F. for basic non linearities, Absolute stability, circle and popov criterion, Liapunov functions. UNIT 5 Linear optimal regulator problem, finite time horizon, Principle of optimality, Hamilton Jacobi equation, Riceati differential equation, steady state solutions (LQR), Algebraic Riceati equation, properties, gain and phase margin, sensitivity, non linearities, optimal state estimation, Kalman filter, Output feedback control (LQG). Reference Books: 1. Digital Control Engineering - M.Gopal 2. Adaptive and Optimal Control - A.P.Sage & Landue 3. Optimal Control - A.P.Sage 4. Discrete Time Control System - Katsuniko Ogata 5. Modern Control Engineering Nagarth Gopal

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Long line theory, long distance transmission problems, corona power loss and audible noise. Radio Interference RIV and excitation functions, Reactive Power compensation of EHV AC lines, FACTs devices.

UNIT 2 Sequential impedances of AC systems EHVAC transmission overvoltages, insulation design of lightning and switching over voltages. High voltage testing of AC equipments. UNIT 3 Comparision of EHV AC & DC transmission HVDC system configuration and components conversion and inversion, Analysis of three phase bridge converter and Performance equations abnormal operations of converter. UNIT 4 Control of HVDC system, Principle of DC link control, current and Extinction angle control power and reactive power control, alternative inverter control modes. UNIT 5 Harmonics and AC/DC filters, Influence of AC system strength on AC/DC system interaction responses to DC and AC system faults. Modelling of HVDC system.

Reference Books: 1. Begemudre R.D., EHVAC Transmission Engineering Willy Eastern Ltd. 2. P.Kundur, Power System Stability and Control - Mc Graw Hill Publication. 3. Arrillaga J., HVDC Transmission - Peter Peregrinus Pub. 4. Rao S., EHV AC & HVDC Transmission Systems - Khanna Pub. 5. Padiyar K.R., HVDC Power Transmission Systems Willy Eastern Ltd.

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Understanding Power quality, types of power quality disturbances, power quality indices, Causes and effects of power quality disturbances

UNIT 2 Causes and effects of harmonics, converter configuration and their contribution to supply harmonics, other sources of harmonics

UNIT 3 Radio interference, supply standards, elimination/suppression of harmonics, classical solutions & their drawbacks, passive input filters, high power factor preregulator, switching control circuit, transformer connections, Elimination/suppression of harmonics using active power filters topologies, and their control methods, PWM converter as a voltage source active filter, current source active filter,

UNIT 4 Electro-magnetic compatibility, constant frequency control, constant tolerance band control, variable tolerance band control, discontinuous current control

Reference Books: 1. Power Quality by R.C. Duggan 2. Power system harmonics by A.J. Arrillga 3. Power electronic converter harmonics by Derek A. Paice

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Introduction to instrumentation and control of energy systems, display instruments, recorders.

UNIT 2 Transducers, sensors, actuators such as pressure, temperature, velocity, speed, volume, torque and solar flux measuring devices, current, voltage and power factor.

UNIT 3 Gas analysers, power plants and industrial instrumentation and pollution monitoring devices.

UNIT 4 Signal conditioning of inputs, single channel and multichannel data acquisition system, D/A and A/D converters, data loggers, supervisory control. UNIT 5 Data transmission systems, Advantage and disadvantage of digital transmission over anolog. Time division multiplexing, pulse modulation, digital modulation.

Reference Books: 1. Transducers & Instrumentation by D.V.S. Murty PHI Prentice Hall 2. Electronic Instrumentation by H.S.Kalsi Tata McGraw Hill 3. Electrical and Electronics Measurement and Instr., A.K.Sawhney, Dhanpat Rai 4. 4. Instrumentation devices and systems by C.S.Rangan and G.R. Sharma, TMH

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Programmable Peripheral Devices PPT 8255, various operating modes, fixing diagram, PIT 8253, programming and modes of operation, PIC 8259, operating modes.

UNIT 2 Interfacing Interfacing of peripherals, A/D & D/A converters, 8255, 8253, 8259 with 8/16 bit microprocessor/Data Acquisition system.

UNIT 3 Microcontroller - 8051 Architecture, Counter/Timers, Instructions, Programming, Interfacing, Applications, Comparison of 8085, 8086, 8057 etc.

UNIT 4 Programmable logic controller PLC Architecture, programming, Counter/Timers and its applications.

References Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. Microprocessor Architecture programming & applications Gaonkar Microprocessors & interfacing D.V.Hall The 8051 Microcontroller K.J.Ayala Introduction to programmable logic controller Gary Dunning

CreditsL T P 3 - -

Unit 1 Introduction Custom Power Solutions Dynamic Voltage Restorer(DVR)Super conducting Magnetic Energy Storage(SMES)system Flywheel Energy Storage System(FES) Automatic VAR Compensator(AVC) Distribution Static Var Compensator(DSVC) Distribution Static Compensator(DSTATCOM) Application and analysis of Passive filter, Active filter and Hybrid filter Unit 2 Introduction Deregulation of Electric Utilities Energy Generation under new environment Competitive whole sale electricity market Transmission expansion in new environment Transmission Open Access Pricing Electricity in Deregulated environment Unit 3 Advances in online control of Power System Application of Internet and GPS in power system control Unit 4 Distribution automation: Distribution automation Definitions Project Planning Communication, Sensors, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Consumer Information systems (CIS), Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Unit 5 Application of Artificial Neural Networks, Fuzzy, Neuro-fuzzy, Genetic Algorithms and Experts systems in Power System Control Reference Books: 1. Power System Restructuring and Deregulation: Trading Performance and IT - Loi Lei Lai, John Wiley. 2. Custom Power, N G Hingorani, IEEE Spectrum, June 1995 3. Proceedings of IEEE February 2000 4. Power System Economics- Steven Stoft, IEEE Press, 2002

CreditsL T P 3 - -

UNIT 1 Digital computers in power system simulations, System view point, Hierarchy of transmission and distribution system, nature and scope of power system studies, Electric supply industry structure under Deregulation, Regulatory and policy developments. Power system components, representation of transmission lines Transformers - Two winding and auto-transformers, tap changing transformer and loads. UNIT 2 Oriented graph, reference direction, system graph for transmission network, concept of graph theory, loop matrix, cutset matrix, incidence matrix, Topological relations, multiport representation, Bus impedance and Bus admittance matrix formulation, bus impedance algorithm. UNIT 3 Analytical formulation, methods of load flow solutions, Bus mismatch and convergence criteria, Gauss-Siedel method, Newton Rephson method, concept of decoupled methods. UNIT 4 Thermal system, transmission losses, optimum scheduling of thermal plants taking losses into account, economic load scheduling of hydro-thermal plants. UNIT 5 Electric utility Restructuring, Power System Restructuring Models, Market-power, Transmission pricing in a Restructured Electricity Market, Congestion Management in Deregulated Market, Role of FACTS devices in competitive Power Market. Reference Books: 1. Electrical Energy Systems Theory, O.I.Elgerd 2. Computer Methods in Power system Analysis by A.H.El.Abiad 3. Understanding FACTS concept and Technology by Hingorani N.L. 4. Power System Restructuring and Deregulation, L.L. Lai, John Wiley & Sons 6. Electricity Market Investment Performance and Analysis by B. Murrey, Mc-Hill 7. Understanding Electric Utilities & Deregulation, Phillipson, Willis, Dekker Inc. 8. Power System Restructure Engg & Economics, Ilic, Faliana, Kluwer, Academic 9. Restructured Electrical Power, Mhmd Shahidhpour, Muwaffaq, Dekker

UNIT 1 Origin and nature of transients and surges. Equivalent circuit representations. Lumped and distributed circuit transients. Line energisation and de-energisation transients. Earth and earthwire effects. UNIT 2 Current chopping in circuit breakers. Short line fault condition and its relation to circuit breaker duty. Trapped charge effects. Effect of source and source representation in short line fault studies. Control of transients.

UNIT 3 Lightning phenomena. Influence of tower footing resistance and earth resistance. Traveling waves in distributed parameter multi-conductor lines, parameters as a function of frequency. UNIT 4 Simulation of surge diverters in transient analysis. Influence of pole opening and pole closing. Fourier integral and Z transform methods in power system transients. Bergeron methods of analysis and use of EMTP and EMTDC/PSCAD package. UNIT 5 Insulation Coordination : overvoltage limiting devices, dielectric properties, breakdown of gaseous insulation, tracking and erosion of insulation, high current arcs. Reference Books : 1. Power System Transients by Vanikov 2. Power System Transients by C. S. Indulkar and D.P. Kothari 3. Power Circuit breaker theory and design by Flurscheim C.H. 4. EMTP Rulebook 5. EMTDC/PSCAD Rulebook

Suggestive list of Experiments: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Generator Protection Transformer Protection Feeder Protection Var Compensation Transmission line simulation

Suggestive list of Experiments: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Simulation of Magnetic Circuits and their Analysis Simulation and Measurements of Single Phase and Three Phase Circuits. Artificial Neural Network Based Load Forecasting Artificial Neural Network Based Price Forecasting Simulating Power Electronic Systems with Simulink Power system simulation by MATLAB using the Power System Blockset Energy conservation in industrial and residential areas through voltage regulation.

Fundamentals of restructured system, Market Architecture, Load Elasticity, Social welfare maximization, OPF: Role in vertically integrated systems and in restructured markets, Congestion Management, Optimal Bidding, Risk assessment and Hedging, Transmission Pricing and Tracing of power, Ancillary Services, Standard Market Design, Distributed Generation in restructured markets, Developments in India, IT applications in restructured markets, Working of restructured power systems : PJM Reference Books: 1. Understanding electric utilities and de-regulation, Lorrin Philipson, H. Lee Willis, Marcel Dekker Pub., 1998. 2. Power system economics: designing markets for electricity Steven Stoft, John Wiley & Sons, 2002. 3. Operation of restructured power systems. Kankar Bhattacharya, Jaap E. Daadler, Math H.J. Boolen, Kluwer Academic Pub., 2001. 4. Restructured electrical power systems: operation, trading and volatility Mohammad Shahidehpour, Muwaffaq Alomoush, Marcel Dekker Pub., 2001.

UNIT 1 Introduction to DSP - Classification of signals, Multichannel and multi dimensional continuous v/s discrete time signals, continuous v/s discrete valued signals, continuous time sinusoidal signal, discrete time sinusoidal signals, sampling of analog signal, sampling theorem, quantification and coding of D/A conversion. UNIT 2 Discrete Time Signal and Systems - Discrete time signal, systems, Z-transform & Inverse Z-transform, analysis of discrete time, linear time invariant systems, corelation of discrete time systems. UNIT 3 Frequency Analysis Of Signals - Frequency analysis of analog signals, frequency analysis of discrete time signals. Properties of Fourier Transform, Frequency Domain Characteristics, Time Frequency Dualities, Sampling of signals in time and frequency domain, DFT & FFT. UNIT 4 Design Of Digital Filter - Design of linear phase FIR filter using window & frequency sampling method. Design of equiripple linear phase filters. Comparision of design methods for linear phase FIR filters. Design of IIR filters from analog filters. Direct Design Technique for digital IIR filters. UNIT 5 DSP Application - Introduction to digital signal processors chips, case study of different DSP applications. Application of filters to analog & digital signal processor, FET spectrum analyzer. Reference Books : 1. Digital Signal Processing W.D.Stanley 2. Analog & Digital Signal Processing Ashok Ambardar

UNIT 1 Various power semiconductor devices i.e. SCR, GTO, MOSFET, BJT, IGBT & MCTs & their protection, series-parallel operation, Heat sink calculations, Design of firing circuit for converters, choppers & inverters. UNIT 2 Analysis & design of 1- bridge converter, 3- bridge converter with and without freewheeling diode, effect of source impedence, power factor improvement techniques, pulse width modulated converters, Dual converters, converter for HVDC application & DC drives. UNIT 3 Analysis & design of voltage commutated, current commutated and load commutated choppers, multiquadrant choppers, chopper for traction application. Resonant choppers, SMPS. UNIT 4 Detailed analysis of 1- VSI, 3- VSI (180 mode, 150 mode & 120 mode of conduction), various inverter commutation circuits, harmonic reduction techniques, PWM inverters, Inverters for HVDC application & AC drives. Advantages & limitation of current source inverters over VSI, 1- and 3- CSI. Resonant inverters. UNIT 5 1- to 1-, 3- to 3- cycloconverter circuits, circulating current scheme, noncirculating current operation, Mean output voltage, harmonics in supply current waveform & input-power factor. Concept of power quality Reference Books : 1. Thyristorised Power Controllers - G.K.Dubey, Doradla, Joshi, Sinha 2. Power Electronics - C.W.Lander 3. Power Electronics - Rashid 4. Thyristorised power controlled converters & cycloconverters - B.R.Pelly 5. Power Electronics - N.Mohan 6. Power Electronics Application - Vithyathil.

UNIT 1 Objectives of deregulation, market players, alternative structures of electricity industry. Electricity marketplaces, role of spot (balancing) markets and power exchanges. Behaviour of participants, market power. UNIT 2 Locational marginal pricing, impact of losses and network constraints, modelling of network constraints, concept of contract networks, locational hedging UNIT 3 Costing and pricing of transmission networks, value of transmission, need for regulation, alternative approaches to investment pricing UNIT 4 Economics and reliability, concept of customer worth of supply UNIT 5 Regulation approaches, revenue recovery and pricing of distribution services Reference Books: 1. Power System Economics Steven Stoft, IEEE Press, 2002 2. Power system economics: designing markets for electricity Steven Stoft, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

UNIT 1 Square wave permanent magnet brushless dc motor, magnetic circuit analysis on open circuit torque & emf equations, torque speed characteristics, efficiency, commutation, winding inductances, armature reaction and controllers. UNIT 2 Sine wave permanent magnet brushless dc motor, torque & emf equation, Inductance of phase winding, synchronous reactance, phasor diagram, torquespeed characteristics. UNIT 3 Switched reluctance motor, static torque production, partition of energy and the effects of saturation, Dynamic torque production, torque speed characteristics, shaft position sensing, solid rotors.

UNIT 4 Linear Induction Motors, construction, performance, thrust-speed characteristic, application, end effect. UNIT 5 Stepper motor variable reluctance stepper motor, single stack stepper motor multistack stepper motor, permanent magnet stepper motor, Important features of stepper motor, torque v/s stepping rate characteristics, Drive circuits, unipolar drive circuits, Bipolar drive circuits. Reference Books: 1. Brushless Permanent Magnet & Reluctance Motor Drives T.J.E.Miller 2. Principles of Electric Machines & Power Electronics P.C.Sen 3. Electric Drives G.K.Dubey

UNIT 1 Electrical Drives Introduction, Choice of Electrical Drives, Dynamics of Electrical Drives, Concept of Multi-quadrant operation, Components of load torques. Selection of motor power rating. UNIT 2 D.C.Drive, speed torque, speed control. Starting, Breaking. Controlled rectified fed DC drive, chopper controlled dc drives. Close loop control of d.c. drive. Introduction of transient analysis. UNIT 3 Induction Motor Drives : Three phase I.M., analysis and performance. Operation with unbalanced source voltages and single phasing, analysis of I.M. fed from Non-sinusoidal voltage supply. Starting, Breaking, Introduction of transient analysis. Speed control methods, single phase I.M. Close loop control of I.M. Drives. UNIT 4 Synchronous Motor Drives, cylindrical rotor wound field motor, salient pole wound field motor, synchronous reluctance motor, Hysterisis synchronous motor, operation from fixed frequency supply, starting, breaking, synchronous motor variable speed drives, starting large synchronous machines. UNIT 5 Introduction of Brushless dc motor, stepper motor and switch reluctance motor drives, solar and battery powered drives, Traction Drives, Energy conservation in Electrical Drives.

Reference Books: 1. Power semi conductor controlled drives by G.K.Dubey 2. Fundamentals of Electrical Drives by G.K.Dubey 3. Electrical Machine & Power Electronics by P.C.Sen

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