Job Number

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

GEO-6
RETAINING WALL 2.00m to 3.00m high
KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.BHD
Checked by
SRI
SRI

Date

1

28th Dec 2011

Retaining Wall Design : Ver W2.5.07 - 24 Aug 2011
Title : RETAINING WALL 2.00m To 3.00
C14

Input Data
Wall Dimensions

H1
H2
H3
Hw
Hr
B
D

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)

4
0.8
0
1.35

C
F
xf
At
Ab
1.7 Cov wall
0.2 Cov base

Unfactored Live Loads

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
mm
mm

0.35
0.3
1.00
0.25
0.35
50
50

W
P
xp
L
xl
Lh
x

General Parameters

0
0
0
0
0
0
0.1

(kN/m²)
(kN)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)

(°)
Soil frict φ
Fill slope β (°)
Wall frict δ (°)
ρ Conc kN/m3
kN/m3
ρ Soil
fcu
(MPa)
fy
(MPa)

Design Parameters

33
25
15
24
19
25
460

SF Overt.
SF Slip
ULS DL Factor
ULS LL Factor
Pmax
(kPa)
Soil Poisson υ
DL Factor Ovt.

Seepage not allowed
Active pressure NOT applied on back of shear key for sliding
Theory
: Coulomb
Wall type : Cantilever

SEISMIC ANALYSIS SETTINGS:
Seismic Analysis ON/OFF:OFF

Hor Accel.

(g)

Vert Accel.

(g)

Include LL's

VALUES OF PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS:
Active Pressure coefficient Ka :0.403 (User Defined)
Passive Pressure coefficient Kp :5.854 (User Defined)
Base frictional constant µ :0.649 (User Defined)

FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT SLS:
All forces/moments are per m
Description
Destabilizing forces:
Total Active pressure Pa
Triangular W-table press Pw
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: uniform portion
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: triangular portion
Stabilizing forces:
Passive pressure on base Pp
Weight of the wall + base
Weight of soil on the base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of rear portion of base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of front portion of base

width
FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m )
F Horizontal
Lever arm F Vertical
Lever arm
left (+)
down (+)
59.169
5.337

-35.592

1.333
0.450

2.050
2.050
1.125

0.000

1.500

47.700
26.668
1.962

1.554
1.441
2.150

0.000

0.850

0.267

EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT SLS
All forces/moments are per m

15.854
0.000
0.000

width

1.Moment Equilibrium
Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base.

2
2.0
1.4
1.6
150
0.1
0.9

00 *** FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT ULS: All forces/moments are per m Description Destabilizing forces: Total Active pressure Pa Triangular W-table press Pw Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: uniform portion Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: triangular portion Stabilizing forces: Passive pressure on base Pp Weight of the wall + base Weight of soil on the base Hydrostatic pressure on top of rear portion of base Hydrostatic pressure on top of front portion of base width FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m ) F Horizontal Lever arm F Vertical Lever arm left (+) down (+) 82.500 42.79 kNm Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 2.000 1.a.150 0. forces x l.850 0. forces x l.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN. forces x l.51 kN 0.000 0.00 kN 64. Stabilizing moment Mr : 113.a.Sum(vert.050 1.59 : 127.766 1.033 1.588 2.BHD Checked by SRI SRI Sheet Date 28th Dec 2011 For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor.70 : 35.000 2.51 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 1.a. forces x l.63 kNm Destabilizing moment Mo : 68.a.) + Sum(vert.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.971 *** SAFETY FACTOR IS LOWER THAN SPECIFIED MINIMUM OF 2. forces x l.663 2 .472 -32.a.) where l.) .) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor.) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor. forces x l.050 2.441 2.450 22.125 0.Sum(vert.a. For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor.a. forces x l.) .Moment Equilibrium Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base.00m to 3.18 : 59.554 1.267 EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT ULS All forces/moments are per m width 1.Force Equilibrium at SLS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz.196 0. resistance Fr : 92.) where l.a. forces x l. Stabilizing moment Mr : 126.930 24.12 kN kN kN kN kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 64.25 kNm Destabilizing moment Mo : 48.prokon.836 7.31 kNm Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 1.) + Sum(vert.333 0.000 0.com Client Calcs by GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.83 : 31.001 1. = lever arm of each force.a.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.a. = lever arm of each force.

85 0.34 150.97 2.22 0.05 19.80 356.69 442.97 197.31 214.20 316.40 436.00 0.91 272.00 0.97 75.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.95 5.64 0.44 19.33 41.80 369.00 374.80 382.33 Front Reinforcing Back Reinforcing Nominal (0.20 353.23 15.13 17.00 452.03 : 114.39 1.19 46.80 408.53 : 32.00 0.00 0.29 10.68 1.62 88.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 111.87 78.87 kPa Maximum pressure occurs at left hand side of base WALL MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .58 7.40 449.74 3.00 0.08 kPa Minimum pressure : 9.80 421.00 0.80 447.76 252.73 0.75 1.61 61.48 2.31 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 1.40 397.00 0.76 1.97 51.34 15.54 181.14 4.27 5.00 0.00 kN 90.97 : 53.24 1.17 67.00 0.99 3.prokon.14 38.00 0.95 1.92 58.54 29.84 : 28.41 2.64 11.00 0.03 8.00 0.29 501.77 2.05 53.BHD Checked by SRI SRI Sheet Date 2.12 35.83 1.33 9.00 387.25 32.20 444.61 1.00 426.20 388.40 3.66 0.40 423.81 6.20 392.64 471.29 0.25 23.00 0.58 0.03 623.00 0.41 kN kN kN kN kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 90.00m to 3.20 405.00 0.20 366.88 0.40 410.63 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 532.00 658.60 416.20 379.45 33.88 7.10 12.15 99.60 390.00 0.00 413.15 0.00 0.00 0.20 23.31 kN 0. resistance Fr : 82.00 0.00 0.88 54.31 1.40 358.00 0.80 434.00 0.40 371.03 62.19 2.04 2.79 457.84 5.80 0.00 0.00 0.12 2.00 348.00 0.53 12.90 1.08 21.00 0.60 351.00 0.37 0.Force Equilibrium at ULS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz.04 293.84 415.com Client Calcs by GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.60 429.80 395.10 1.66 14.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.00 0.87 69.40 3 28th Dec 2011 .26 2.00 400.17 1.60 403.00 0.07 Moment (kNm ) 79.92 2.02 1.63 2.46 1.17 1.07 0.00 361.24 47.51 0.85 2.75 593.70 2.11 0.54 136.60 442.56 233.20 431.42 339.35 3.00 0.54 25.28 71.00 0.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.74 363.00 0.78 563.53 28.00 0.20 418.00 0.60 455.69 44.56 2.13%) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) 0.267 SOIL PRESSURES UNDER BASE AT SLS Maximum pressure : 72.00 39.97 27.60 364.59 123.34 2.15 2.53 1.00 0.00 0.00 439.40 384.41 1.00 165.00 0.44 0.47 0.1997 Position from base top (m ) 0.60 377.

42 26.00 4 28th Dec 2011 .00 21.35 1.18 -68.85 0.00 0.80 1.75 106.67 120.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 455.00 455.1997 Position from left (m ) 0.62 1.00 455.00 0.00 GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.98 2.00 0.09 -7.05 -0.00 455.15 -20.42 60.95 0.12 2.00 0.01 0.84 1.00 455.68 0.00 0.00 455.57 1.00 0.00 455.00 0.79 1.50 5.16 2.75 6.00 455.00 0.67 93.49 0.60 BASE MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .29 -45.20 340.43 3.00 0.23 0.00 455.61 -65.14 3.22 -4.00 455.43 540.39 14.00 0.81 -2.80 330.87 -14.00 0.00 455.32 -12.77 0.00 455.68 510.00 0.00 0.00 455.50 0.45 -0.00 455.14 0.85 -72.com 3.26 -48.42 240.60 338.00 2.67 3.51 2.07 -5.26 -1.01 0.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.09 0.89 1.00 Sheet Date 345.00 455.00 0.60 -28.00 455.0 kN Nominal (0.42 1.33 -51.00 0.14 -61.00 -36.81 0.68 453.27 0.41 0.22 0.40 1.00 455.00 335.56 1.76 326.00m to 3.prokon.00 455.75 1.76 481.77 -58.00 0.00 0.00 455.75 201.29 3.13%) (mm²/m ) 455.34 -26.00 0.00 455.67 350.00 455.00 455.00 0.00 0.00 70.00 0.00 0.00 455.94 1.05 0.00 0.21 0.14 0.45 0.12 -22.00 0.18 3.00 455.00 0.29 -18.00 455.26 1.00 0.42 15.63 0.36 3.06 0.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.25 Moment (kNm ) -0.53 1.00 0.80 343.00 455.00 0.43 -34.46 -3.00 0.00 0.36 0.67 183.75 41.99 1.67 303.15 0.00 0.00 455.00 150.84 5.43 601.00 0.00 455.00 455.00 455.00 455.35 2.32 0.00 0.00 455.50 -54.00 455.21 3.00 0.00 455.67 50.29 Top Reinforcing (mm²/m ) Bot Reinforcing (mm²/m ) 0.50 3.97 -31.00 0.00 0.08 0.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.24 -8.42 81.00 0.00 455.66 -39.00 455.01 260.58 3.44 1.00 455.00 455.00 0.00 0.00 455.01 570.18 0.49 1.86 -11.00 455.18 -24.02 0.67 1.68 633.58 1.43 -42.40 332.00 455.21 2.65 0.43 426.00 0.00 455.38 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.80 -1.20 -0.00 455.03 1.54 -88.65 Client Calcs by 0.67 10.00 0.00 0.1997 Shear force at bottom of wall V = 76.42 281.00 0.58 0.20 327.71 -90.07 2.30 1.42 375.76 666.00 0.00 455.42 135.49 -80.04 0.02 2.00 0.42 166.67 33.94 0.62 -76.00 455.13 1.00 0.00 20.00 455.00 0.00 0.00 SHEAR CHECK AT WALL-BASE JUNCTION TO BS8110 .68 0.01 400.00 0.67 220.50 -9.53 -16.00 0.71 1.22 1.08 1.00 0.00 455.00 455.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 455.54 0.85 9.00 0.00 0.03 -6.17 1.00 455.00 0.00 0.47 -84.BHD Checked by SRI SRI 0.00 -0.00 0.

59 SFovt (ULS) = 1.30 0.26MPa vc= 0.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.1997 0.00° 25.0kN v= 0.00 15.prokon.00° 1.1kPa Wall type: Cantilever Theory: Coulomb SFslip = 1.) V= 76.40 (User defined) Kp=5.com Client Calcs by Sheet Date Shear stress at bottom of wall v = 0.66 Ka=0.25 0.80 1.Job Number GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.35 0.9kPa 72.35 0.35 4.00m to 3.00° 0.20 1.26 MPa OK Allowable shear stress vc = 0.BHD Checked by SRI SRI Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.65 (User def.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.70 33.41MPa 5 28th Dec 2011 .97 SFslip (ULS) = 1.85 (User defined) µ=0.00 9.) Sketch of Wall Design code: BS8110 .27 SFovt = 2.41 MPa (based on Wall tensile reinf.10 0.

70 1.10 1.80 1.40 1.0 -90.0 -60.500 .88m .prokon.00 .00 Height (m) 2.800 .0 Position (m) 6 .60 1.300 .20 1.0 40.com Client Calcs by Sheet GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.50 3.900 1.0 -30.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.0 10.0 -70.50 2.0 50.00m to 3.20 Base Moments Bending moment (kNm) -20.10 2.0 20.00 2.500 Bending moment (kNm) Base Bending Moments -10.84kNm @ 1.700 .0 30.600 .0 -40.0 0.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.350m Wall Moments 3.00 1.00 80.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.100 .30 1.0 -80.90 2.97kNm @ -.BHD Checked by SRI SRI Date 28th Dec 2011 Wall Bending Moments Moment max = 79.00 1.0 70.50 1.200 .0 -50.0 Moment max = -90.50 1.400 .0 60.

76m 650 600 550 Nominal 400 350 300 250 200 Nominal 150 Position (m) Top 2.10 2.BHD Checked by SRI SRI Date 28th Dec 2011 Wall Reinforcement Reinf.prokon.70 1.60 1.700 .com Client Calcs by Sheet GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.500 .20 2.00m Wall Reinforcement 3.900 .60 2. max = 658.400 .00 .800 Front .40 Height (m) 2.00m to 3.7mm²/m @ 1. max = 666.60 1.00 .com E-Mail : mail@prokon.200 100 .50 1.600 .90 1.800 .80 1.20 3.00 1.400 .300 50.40 1.20 1.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.40 1.80 2.0mm²/m @ 0.20 2.20 1.10 1.60 3.600 600 500 400 300 100 200 .80 1.200 Reinforcement (mm²/m) Base Reinforcement 700 Base Reinforcement Reinf.0 .100 Reinforcement (mm²/m) 500 450 7 .30 1.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.00 Nominal 2.40 3.00 Back 1.

BHD Checked by SRI SRI Schematic Reinforcement Y12@200 (Hor) Y12@200 (Hor) Y16@300 (NF) Y12@200 (FF) 1-R10/m2 clips 1-R10/m2 clips Y12@200 starters FRONT Y16@250 starters Y12@200 (T1) Y16@300 (B1) Y12@200 (T2) Y12@200 (B2) Y12@200 SECTION Y12@200 (EF) Sheet Date 8 28th Dec 2011 .prokon.00m to 3.com Client Calcs by GEO-6 RETAINING WALL 2.00m high KL GEOTECHNIC SDN.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful