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Appendix L Human Health Risk Assessment

Contents
Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) To be completed

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Contents
Contents.......................................................................................................................................... i 1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 1-1 1.2 Site Background ..................................................................................................... 1-1 2 Conceptual Site Model .................................................................................................. 2-1 3 Scope of Human Health Risk Assessment................................................................. 3-1 4 Hazard Assessment/Identification of COPCs ........................................................... 4-1 4.1 Data Summary ........................................................................................................ 4-1 4.1.1 Surface Sediment ........................................................................................ 4-1 4.1.2 Surface Water .............................................................................................. 4-2 4.1.3 Ambient Air................................................................................................. 4-2 4.1.4 Fish Tissue ................................................................................................... 4-2 4.2 Data Evaluation ...................................................................................................... 4-3 4.3 Selection of COPCs ................................................................................................ 4-4 4.4 Constituents of Potential Concern ....................................................................... 4-5 5 Exposure Assessment ..................................................................................................... 5-1 5.1 Characterization of Exposure Setting.................................................................. 5-1 5.1.1 Physical Setting ........................................................................................... 5-1 5.1.2 Potentially Exposed Populations.............................................................. 5-1 5.2 Identification of Exposure Pathways .................................................................. 5-2 5.2.1 Contaminant Sources ................................................................................. 5-2 5.2.2 Release and Transport Mechanisms ........................................................ 5-2 5.2.3 Exposure Points and Exposure Routes .................................................... 5-3 5.2.4 Summary of Potential Exposure Pathways ............................................ 5-3 5.3 Quantification of Exposure ................................................................................... 5-3 5.3.1 Exposure Concentrations .......................................................................... 5-3 5.3.2 Estimation of Chemical Intakes ................................................................ 5-5 6 Toxicity Assessment ....................................................................................................... 6-1 6.1 Toxicity Information for Noncarcinogenic Effects ............................................ 6-2 6.2 Toxicity Information for Carcinogenic Effects ................................................... 6-2 6.3 Approach for Potential Mutagenic Effects ......................................................... 6-3 7 Risk Characterization..................................................................................................... 7-1 7.1 Methods for Estimating Risks .............................................................................. 7-1 7.1.1 Noncarcinogenic Hazard Estimation....................................................... 7-1 7.1.2 Carcinogenic Risk Estimation ................................................................... 7-1 7.1.3 Lead .............................................................................................................. 7-2 7.2 Risk Assessment Results ....................................................................................... 7-3 7.2.1 Recreational Adults .................................................................................... 7-4 7.2.2 Recreational Adolescents........................................................................... 7-4 7.2.3 Recreational Children ................................................................................ 7-4 7.2.4 Recreational Receptors Lifetime Carcinogenic Risks ......................... 7-5 7.2.5 Industrial Workers ..................................................................................... 7-6

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7.2.6 Adult Residents ........................................................................................... 7-6 7.2.7 Child Residents ........................................................................................... 7-7 7.2.8 Child/Adult (Lifetime) Residents ............................................................ 7-7 7.2.9 Adult Anglers .............................................................................................. 7-8 7.2.10 Adolescent Anglers ..................................................................................... 7-9 7.2.11 Children of Anglers .................................................................................... 7-9 7.2.12 Anglers Lifetime Carcinogenic Risks .................................................. 7-10 Uncertainty Assessment ................................................................................................. 8-1 8.1 Uncertainty in Data Evaluation and COPC Identification ............................... 8-1 8.2 Uncertainty Associated with Exposure Assessment ......................................... 8-2 8.3 Uncertainty Associated with Toxicity Assessment ........................................... 8-4 Human Health Risk Summary ..................................................................................... 9-1 References ....................................................................................................................... 10-1

Attachment USEPA RAGS Part D and Supporting Tables Tables 4-1 4-2 5-1 5-2 7-1 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-5 Summary of Data Quantitatively Used in HHRA Chemicals of Potential Concern WHO Dioxin-like PCB TEFs Preparation/Cooking Loss Factor (PCF) for Fish Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes PCBs, Mercury, and Arsenic in Canal and Reference Fish and Crab Tissue Samples Summary of Total RME Cancer Risks for Recreational User and Angler Summary of Total CTE Cancer Risks for Recreational User and Angler

Figures 2-1 Conceptual Exposure Model for Human Health Risk Assessment

SECTION 1

Introduction
1.1 Introduction
This baseline human health risk assessment (HHRA) for the Gowanus Canal Superfund Site is Appendix L to the remedial investigation (RI) report. The baseline HHRA was conducted to assess the nature, magnitude, and probability of potential harm to public health posed by environmental media containing hazardous substances released to the Gowanus Canal by past activities along the canalspecifically, the potential human health risks associated with direct contact with sediment and surface water in the canal, with ingestion of fish and crabs caught in the canal, with direct contact of sediment and surface water that overtops the canal during significant rainfall events, and with inhalation of emissions from the canal into the ambient air near the canal. The data evaluated in the HHRA are presented in Appendix I to the RI report and discussed in Section 4 of the RI report.

1.2 Site Background


The Gowanus Canal is located in Brooklyn, New York, a borough of New York City. The canal is connected to the Gowanus Bay in the Upper New York Bay and borders the neighborhoods of Red Hook, Cobble Hill, Carroll Gardens, and Park Slope. The waterfront adjacent to the canal is primarily commercial and industrial and currently consists of concrete plants, warehouses, and parking lots. There are five bridge crossings over the canal, at Union Street, Carroll Street, Third Street, Ninth Street, and Hamilton Avenue (Figure 1-1 of the RI). The Gowanus Expressway and the New York Subway also cross over the canal. The Gowanus Canal, completed in the 1860s, was built to allow water access for industrial needs by bulkheading and dredging a tidal creek and wetland that was previously fished for oysters. The canal quickly became one of the nations busiest industrial waterways and was home to heavy industry such as gas works, coal yards, manufacturers of cement, manufacturers of soap, tanneries, paint and ink factories, machine shops, chemical plants, and oil refineries. It was also used as a repository of untreated industrial wastes, raw sewage, and surface water runoff for many decades. Although much of the industrial activity along the canal has stopped, high contaminant levels remain in the sediments. Despite ongoing pollution problems, some local residents use the Gowanus Canal for recreational purposes such as canoeing and swimming/diving, while others catch and eat fish and crabs. The City built a flushing tunnel in 1911 to replace stagnant canal water with fresh, oxygen-rich water to improve water quality. The tunnel was in operation until the 1960s, when a mechanical failure caused it to shut down and the canal water became stagnant and thus polluted once again. The flushing tunnel was rehabilitated and reactivated in 1999 by the Citys Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP) to pump water from Buttermilk Channel to the Gowanus Canal using the 1911 technology. The flushing tunnel

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was shut down by NYCDEP on July 19, 2010, for an extended period of facility improvements to modernize the technology and improve operations. In early 2010, an aeration pipe was installed within the canal to circulate superoxygenated water while the flushing tunnel is shut down. The aeration pipe began operation in early July 2010, and repairs were started on the flushing tunnel. The completion date is anticipated to be September 2014. The canal is part of the New York-New Jersey Estuary, which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has designated an Estuary of National Significance under the Clean Water Act Section 320 and USEPAs National Estuary Program.

SECTION 2

Conceptual Site Model


The conceptual site model (CSM) for human receptors presents an overview of site conditions, potential contaminant migration pathways, and potential exposure pathways to potential receptors. Figure 2-1 presents the preliminary CSM developed for the Gowanus Canal. Table 1 in the Attachment summarizes the potential exposure pathways and scenarios that were evaluated as part of the risk assessment. There have been many sources of contamination to the canal, as discussed in Section 1. Although much of the industrial activity along the canal has stopped, high contaminant levels remain in the sediments. The watershed drainage area of the Gowanus Canal is 1,758 acres, and the canal waterfront, or riparian area (defined as all blocks wholly or partially within mile of the canal), is occupied by commercial and industrial properties. The waterfront properties include concrete plants, warehouses, and parking lots. The riparian areas are classified as 18 percent residential, 6 percent park, and 76 percent mixed use. The entire watershed is 53 percent residential, 2 percent park, and 45 percent mixed use (NYCDEP, 2008). Combined sewers (i.e., sewers that receive both sewage and stormwater flows) serve 92 percent of the Gowanus Canal watershed, while storm sewers serve 2 percent (NYCDEP, 2008). Direct runoff drains 6 percent of the watershed. Three stormwater outfalls also discharge to the canal. During significant rainfall events, the Gowanus Canal receives untreated discharges of combined sewage that exceed the capacity of the Red Hook and Owls Head wastewater pollution control plants (WPCPs); during such events, the canal has overflowed onto neighboring properties and streets. The area surrounding the canal is within a 100-year flood zone, indicating that there is a 1 percent annual chance of flooding in this area (FEMA, 2007). Currently, the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) has fish-consumption advisories for the Upper Bay of the New York Harbor (north of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge), including the Gowanus Canal (NYSDOH, 2010). There are no warning signs concerning the fish-consumption advisories posted along the canal; however, New York City has posted caution signs at locations of combined sewer outfall (CSO) discharges that state during wet weather the CSOs may discharge harmful bacteria to the canal and people should not swim, boat, or fish during these periods. A fishing license is not required to fish in the Gowanus Canal. The main contaminants of concern identified in the NYSDOH health advisories for the waters of the Upper Bay of New York Harbor are polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxin in fish, and cadmium, dioxin, and PCBs in crab and lobster. The NYSDOH advisories include the following advice: For women under 50 years and children under 15 years: Do not eat any fish from these waters, eat no more than a few meals per year of crab meat from these waters, and avoid eating the crab tomalley (hepatopancras) and cooking liquid.

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For all others: Do not eat gizzard shad, white perch, or crab and lobster tomalley (hepatopancreas) and cooking liquid; eat only one meal per month of Atlantic needlefish, bluefish, rainbow smelt, and striped bass; eat no more than four meals per month of all other fish species and blue crab meat.

Potential current and future receptors at the Gowanus Canal may include recreational users, anglers, local residents, and nearby industrial workers. The recreational receptors may contact surface water and sediment through incidental ingestion and dermal absorption and inhale ambient air (volatile and particulate emissions from the surface water and sediment) at canal level while boating, fishing, and crabbing in the canal and potentially, although less common and less likely, while swimming/diving in the canal. Swimming/diving in the canal, although it does occur (Gowanus Dredgers Canoe Club, 2010; New York Times, 2007; The Gowanus Lounge, 2007), is rare due to the general conditions of the canal, which are largely associated with CSO discharges to the canal. The anglers may also ingest fish or crabs caught in the canal, and share the fish and crabs with family members, including young children and adolescents. Residents and industrial workers may inhale ambient air (associated with volatile and particulate emissions from the canal) at street level. Also, it has been noted that during significant rainfall events the canal may overflow (about two to three times per year), and these residents and industrial workers may contact surface water and sediment (that has overtopped the canal) through incidental ingestion and dermal contact. If any of the sediment that has overtopped the canal is not washed away with rain, it is usually swept up by the local residents or workers and does not accumulate. Future use of the area surrounding the canal is most likely to remain the same as current use (industrial and residential), with the potential for construction of new housing, which would result in additional residential populations living close to the canal.

SECTION 3

Scope of Human Health Risk Assessment


The primary objective of the baseline HHRA is to assess the potential current and future health risks from the contamination associated with the Gowanus Canal, in the absence of any remedial action. The risk assessment evaluates potential carcinogenic risks and noncarcinogenic hazards for a reasonable maximum exposure (RME) scenario consistent with the National Contingency Plan (NCP) (USEPA, 1994a) and Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) guidance documents (USEPA, 1989, 1991, 2001a, 2004, 2009). The RME is the highest exposure that is reasonably expected to occur at a site (USEPA, 1989). The risk assessment comprises the following components: Hazard Assessment/Identification of Chemicals of Potential ConcernIdentification of the contaminants found in the canal media and selection of the chemicals of potential concern (COPCs). COPCs represent that subset of the chemicals found at the canal that is expected to contribute the most to the risk estimates for the canal. Exposure AssessmentIdentification of the potential pathways of human exposure and estimation of the magnitude, frequency, and duration of these exposures. Toxicity AssessmentAssessment of the potential adverse effects of the COPCs and compilation of the noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic toxicity values used for developing numerical risk estimates. Risk CharacterizationIntegration of the results of the hazard, exposure, and toxicity assessments to develop numerical estimates of health risks and characterize the potential health risks associated with potential exposure to site-related contamination. Uncertainty AssessmentIdentification and discussion of sources of uncertainty in the risk assessment.

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SECTION 4

Hazard Assessment/Identification of COPCs


The identification of COPCs includes data collection, data evaluation, and data screening to identify those chemicals which would contribute the most to the total risk estimates associated with the site. The data collection and evaluation involve gathering and reviewing the available site information and compiling a set of data for the purpose of conducting the baseline HHRA. Once the data collection and evaluation are completed, the established data set is further screened to focus the risk assessment efforts on the contaminants that need to be evaluated quantitatively in the risk assessment (data screening).

4.1 Data Summary


The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the potential human health risks associated with contamination in surface sediment and surface water in the Gowanus Canal, in fish and crab caught in the canal, and in air from emissions from the canal media. Surface water and sediment samples collected from the canal, fish and crab tissue samples collected from the canal, and air samples collected at canal level and street level adjacent to the canal were evaluated in the baseline HHRA. Samples for all media have also been collected from reference areas. All of the data are included in Appendix I to the RI report. The samples evaluated in the baseline HHRA and the laboratory analysis performed for these samples are identified in Table 4-1. All data used in the risk assessment were validated in accordance with USEPA Region 2 Data Validation SOPs (USEPA Region 2, 1992, 2001b).

4.1.1 Surface Sediment


Surface sediment sampling activities were conducted within the Gowanus Canal and New York Harbor between June 17 and July 1, 2010. Surface sediment samples were collected over the length of the canal from 0 to 6 inches below the top of soft sediment. Some of the surface sediment samples were collected at locations where sediments are exposed at lowtide. Figures 2-3a through 2-3c in the RI report identify the locations where the surface sediment samples were collected. A total of 27 surface sediment samples were collected from the canal. Twelve of the samples were collected from exposed locations. All sediment samples were analyzed for Target Compound List (TCL) organics and Target Analyte List (TAL) metals (including mercury and cyanide), and these data were evaluated in the HHRA. Additionally, 19 sediment samples were analyzed for PCB congeners. These 19 locations were selected to provide data for areas with the greatest potential for human exposure (e.g., the canoe launch), to provide data in areas where high PCB concentrations were previously measured in sediment, and to provide spatial coverage throughout the canal. The PCB concentrations and risks were calculated based on total PCBs derived from congener data. Aroclor data were not used in the risk calculations. Ten surface sediment samples were also collected from the Gowanus Bay and Upper New York Bay, outside the mouth of the canal, to provide information for offsite conditions. Figure 2-4 of the RI identifies the reference surface sediment locations.

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Two data groupings of surface sediment were evaluated in the HHRA. All of the surface sediment data were included in the data set to evaluate overflow sediment. Only the surface sediment samples collected from exposed locations were included in the data set used to evaluate contact with sediment during recreational use of the canal.

4.1.2 Surface Water


Surface water samples were collected from the length of Gowanus Canal during two sampling events representing dry-weather (June 19, 2010; 27 samples) and wet-weather (July 13, 2010; 26 samples) conditions. Figures 2-5a through 2-5c in the RI identify the locations where the surface water samples were collected. Ten offsite surface water samples were collected from the New York Harbor and Buttermilk Channel. Figure 2-6 identifies the offsite surface water sample locations. The surface water samples were collected from approximately 6 inches below the water surface. Surface water samples from all locations were analyzed for TCL organics and TAL metals (total and dissolved including mercury and cyanide). The total metals data were evaluated to estimate risks associated with metals in the HHRA, as the receptors would come in direct contact with total (rather than dissolved) concentrations in surface water.

4.1.3 Ambient Air


Air-sampling activities were conducted along the Gowanus Canal and at background locations during two sampling events. Air samples were collected between July 7 and 9, 2010, prior to the start of the canal oxygenation system. A second round of air sampling was conducted July 28 and 29, 2010, following the start-up of the oxygenation system. Air samples were collected at 10 locations along the length of the canal with two samples collected at each location, one at canal level and one at street level. Air samples were also collected at three background locations, with one sample at street level at each location. Figure 2-9 in the RI shows the locations of the air samples. Air samples along the canal were analyzed for VOCs and PAHs. Location 506 at the street level was also analyzed for PCBs during the first sampling event.

4.1.4 Fish Tissue


Fish and crab samples were collected in the Gowanus Canal and reference locations in Gowanus Bay and Upper New York Bay from June 21 through July 9, 2010. Fish and shellfish were collected in six reaches of the canal and in three reference areas (Figures 2-7 and 2-8 of the RI). Species targeted for sampling and evaluation in the HHRA included blue crab, striped bass, and white perch. Additional species caught and evaluated in the HHRA included American eel. These species were targeted on the basis of previous catch records for the canal, since they are typically consumed by humans, and because they represent different levels within the food web and have potentially different exposure within the ecosystem. These species were selected as the target fish/crab species for the canal in consultation with USEPA. Both top-level predator (striped bass) and middle-level predator (white perch) fish tissue samples were collected and evaluated in the HHRA. The top-level predators represent species reflecting high-end bioaccumulation due to their position in the food web and are occasionally harvested and consumed by anglers. However, these fish tend to have a relatively large home range, and thus lower site fidelity, and a greater chance of

accumulating contaminants from offsite sources. The midlevel predator represents species most frequently harvested and consumed by anglers and likely retains greater site fidelity. However, the midlevel predator may not reflect maximum bioaccumulation due to its position in the food web. Additionally, because eel were caught during the sampling, and eel are consumed by humans, the eel were evaluated in the HHRA and represent bottom feeders. Section 2.5 of the RI details the fish sampling, tissue preparation and grouping, and the preparation of fish samples for laboratory analysis. Twelve composite samples of blue crab, six composite samples of eel, five composite samples of striped bass, and two composite samples of white perch were included for quantitative evaluation in the HHRA. Edible tissue (filet only) samples were analyzed to assess potential human health risks associated with ingestion of striped bass, white perch, and eel. For blue crab, edible portion samples and hepatopancreas samples were analyzed separately and combined to estimate human health risks. The hepatopancreas is a main component of a crabs digestive system. It functions as both the liver and pancreas for the crab, and is involved in producing digestive enzymes and is responsible for filtering impurities from the crabs blood. Some chemicals, such as PCBs and mercury, accumulate in the hepatopancreas. May and Burger (1996) reported that most crabbers in the Newark Bay Complex eat only cleaned crabs, and discard the hepatopancreas, with fewer than 3 percent of those surveyed eating the whole crab. The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) (2002) reported that 15 percent of the population surveyed in the Newark Bay Complex ate the hepatopancreas. It is possible that an individual may be exposed to the hepatopancreas during cooking unless actions are taken to remove the hepatopancreas from the crab prior to cooking. Based on the NJDEP report (NJDEP, 2002) and the potential for the hepatopancreas to be released during cooking, an individual may be exposed to both crab edible tissue and hepatopancreas. Therefore, the risk evaluation considered exposures to both the edible tissue and the hepatopancreas as the RME scenario. Risks from ingestion of the edible tissue only are discussed in the Uncertainty Assessment.

4.2 Data Evaluation


All of the data included in the risk assessment were evaluated to assess their reliability for use in the quantitative risk assessment. The following criteria were used to assess data usability: Estimated values flagged with a J or NJ qualifier were treated as unqualified detected concentrations. Data qualified with an R (rejected) were not used in the risk assessment. Data qualified with a B (blank contamination) were used in the risk assessment as if the constituents were not detected. For duplicate samples, the maximum concentration between the two samples was used as the sample concentration.

Only the detected congeners were used to calculate the total PCB concentrations for each sample. Undetected congeners and congeners qualified with a B were not included in the calculations (see Section 5.3.1). Nondetected values (for all analytes except PCBs) were included in the risk assessment and exposure concentration calculation at the detection limit using ProUCL (USEPA, 2010a).

4.3 Selection of COPCs


The identification of COPCs is shown in Tables 2.1 through 2.13 in the Attachment. The methodology used to select the COPCs for quantitative evaluation in the baseline HHRA is outlined below: Sediment data were compared to the USEPA Regional Screening Levels (RSLs) for residential exposure to soil (USEPA, 2010b). RSLs that are based on the chemicals noncarcinogenic effects (noted with an N next to the screening toxicity value on the COPC screening table) were divided by 10 to account for potential exposure to multiple constituents. RSLs that are based on carcinogenic effects (noted with a C next to the screening toxicity value on the COPC screening table) were used without adjustment because the target carcinogenic risk used in the RSL calculations is based on a 1 106 risk level. Constituents whose maximum detected concentration is below the screening level were not retained as COPCs. As discussed in Section 4.1.1, sediment samples were analyzed for both Aroclors and PCB congeners. Only the PCB congener data were evaluated in the risk assessment so that the risks associated with PCBs would not be double-counted in the HHRA. In accordance with EPA guidance (USEPA, 1996) for PCB congener analysis, the dioxin-like PCB toxicity equivalent (TEQ) concentration, the non-dioxin-like total PCB concentration, and the total PCB concentration were calculated for each sample using the methods discussed in Section 5.3.1. The dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentration was screened against the 2,3,7,8-TCDD RSL (which was recalculated from the value on the RSL table using the 2,3,7,8-TCDD oral cancer slope factor from USEPA, 1995), the non-dioxin-like PCB concentration was screened against the Aroclor-1260 RSL, and the total PCB concentration was screened against the Aroclor1254 RSL. Surface water data were compared to the USEPA tap water RSLs (USEPA, 2010b). RSLs that are based on the chemicals noncarcinogenic effects were divided by 10 to account for potential exposure to multiple constituents. RSLs that are based on carcinogenic effects were used without adjustment because the target carcinogenic risk used in the RSL calculations is based on a 1 106 risk level. Constituents whose maximum detected concentration is below the screening value were not retained as COPCs. Fish tissue and crab sample data were compared to the USEPA Region 3 fish ingestion RSLs (USEPA Region 3, 2010c). RSLs that are based on noncarcinogenic effects were divided by 10 to account for exposure to multiple constituents. RSLs that are based on carcinogenic effects were used without adjustment. Constituents whose maximum detected concentrations are below the screening level were not retained as COPCs. In accordance with USEPA guidance (USEPA, 1996) for PCB congener analysis, the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentration, the non-dioxin-like total PCB concentration,

and the total PCB concentration were calculated for each sample using the methods discussed in Section 5.3.1. The dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentration was screened against the 2,3,7,8-TCDD RSL (which was re-calculated from the value on the RSL table using the 2,3,7,8-TCDD oral cancer slope factor from USEPA, 1995), the non-dioxin-like PCB concentration was screened against the Aroclor-1260 RSL, and the total PCB concentration was screened against the Aroclor-1254 RSL. Air data were compared to the USEPA resident air RSLs (USEPA, 2010b). RSLs that are based on noncarcinogenic effects were divided by 10 to account for exposure to multiple constituents. RSLs that are based on carcinogenic effects were used without adjustment. Constituents whose maximum detected concentrations are below the screening level were not retained as COPCs. Essential human nutrients (calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium) that are toxic at concentrations significantly higher than those found in canal media, and whose concentrations in canal media are only slightly higher than the concentrations at which they occur naturally, were not retained as COPCs. Lead concentrations less than 0.015 mg/L in surface water (the Safe Drinking Water Act action level for lead in potable water) and less than 400 mg/kg in sediment (USEPA, 1994b) are considered adequately protective of human health under residential land-use conditions. Lead was retained as a COPC when exceeding these values. Lead was not detected in fish tissue. Constituents that were detected in less than 5 percent of the samples were not retained as COPCs (USEPA, 1989). Detected constituents classified as USEPA Class A carcinogens (known human carcinogens) were retained as COPCs for evaluation regardless of the comparison of the concentration to the screening level (USEPA, 1989). For constituents detected in canal samples that do not have established USEPA RSLs, the RSL values for surrogate constituents were selected based on guidance from the Superfund Technical Support Center and used in the COPC screening process.

4.4 Constituents of Potential Concern


Table 4-2 lists the chemicals that were identified as COPCs for site media: Surface sediment (exposed and near-shore)11 PAHs [acenaphthene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, fluoranthene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, naphthalene, and pyrene], one additional SVOC [bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate], PCBs, and 10 metals (aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, manganese, and vanadium). Surface sediment (overflow scenario)the chemicals indicated above (exposed and near-shore) plus one additional PAH (fluorene). Surface water (dry event)one VOC (benzene), four PAHs [benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene , and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene], one additional

SVOC [bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate], and four metals (arsenic, chromium, copper, and selenium). Surface water (wet event and overflow)the chemicals indicated above (dry event) plus four additional VOCs (1,4-dichlorobenzene, chloroform, ethylbenzene, and tetrachloroethene), two additional PAHs [dibenz(a,h)anthracene and naphthalene] , two additional metals (cobalt and lead), and one less metal (copper). Ambient air (street level)benzene, chloroform, ethylbenzene and naphthalene. Ambient air (canal level)the chemicals indicated above (street level) plus xylene. Fish tissue (striped bass)two pesticides (p,p-DDE and p,p-DDT), PCBs, and three metals (arsenic, mercury, and selenium). Fish tissue (white perch)PCBs and two metals (mercury and selenium) Fish tissue (eel)six pesticides (alpha-chlordane, gamma-chlordane, dieldrin, p,p-DDD, p,p-DDE, and p,p-DDT), PCBs, and six metals (arsenic, chromium, copper, cyanide. mercury, and selenium). Blue crabfive PAHs (benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene), PCBs, and three metals (arsenic, copper, and mercury).

SECTION 5

Exposure Assessment
Exposure assessment is the estimation of the likelihood, magnitude, frequency, duration, and routes of potential exposure to a chemical. Exposure refers to the potential contact of an individual (or receptor) with a chemical. Exposure can occur when contaminants migrate from a source to an exposure point, or when a receptor comes into direct contact with contaminated media. The components of exposure assessment include the following: Characterization of exposure setting Identification of exposure pathways, and evaluation of whether they are complete Quantification of exposure

5.1 Characterization of Exposure Setting


Characterization of exposure setting consists of two parts: (1) characterization of the site with respect to its physical characteristics and (2) characterization of the site with respect to human populations at or near the site.

5.1.1 Physical Setting


The physical setting is described in the Section 2, the CSM. The Gowanus Canal is a 1.8mile-long canal located in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, Kings County, New York. The canal borders several residential neighborhoods including Red Hook, Cobble Hill, Carroll Gardens, and Park Slope. The waterfront properties abutting the canal are primarily commercial and industrial. The Gowanus Canal is a tidally influenced dead-end channel that opens to Gowanus Bay and Upper New York Bay. The canal experiences a semidiurnal tidal cycle (i.e., two high tides and two low tides each tidal day). The entire canal is classified as a saline tributary to Upper New York Bay, and the reach between the head of the canal and 22nd Street is classified as a minor river, tidal tributary, according to Title 6 of the New York Code of Rules and Regulations, Chapter X, Part 890. The only freshwater inflows to the canal are wet-weather CSO and stormwater discharges. Because of its narrow width, limited freshwater input, and enclosed upper end, the canal has low current speeds and limited tidal exchange with Gowanus Bay, though these are enhanced by additional circulation from the flushing tunnel when it is operating (NYCDEP, 2008).

5.1.2 Potentially Exposed Populations


As discussed above, the area around the Gowanus Canal consists of industrial, commercial, and residential properties. The Gowanus Canal itself may be used for recreational activities such as boating, swimming/diving, fishing, and crabbing (Gowanus Dredgers Canoe Club, 2010; New York Times, 2007; The Gowanus Lounge, 2007). Despite current fish advisories for the Upper New York Bay, which includes the Gowanus Canal, there have been observations of fishing/crabbing along the canal (The Gowanus Lounge, 2007). Although

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most properties abutting the canal are commercial and industrial, there are residential neighborhoods within a few blocks of the canal. Therefore, potential current receptors for the surface water, sediment, air, and/or fish and crabs include recreationalists, anglers (and their families), local residents, and industrial workers. Table 1 in the Attachment identifies the potential receptors. Future use of the canal and use of the surrounding area will likely remain the same as current use. Additionally, there have been discussions concerning construction of residential housing complexes adjacent to the canal. Therefore, the future potentially exposed populations are assumed to be the same as the current potentially exposed populations.

5.2 Identification of Exposure Pathways


An exposure pathway may be described as the physical course that a COPC takes from the point of release to a receptor. To be complete, an exposure pathway must have all of the following components present: A source A mechanism of a chemical release and transport An environmental transport medium An exposure point (receptor location) An exposure route (inhalation, dermal absorption, ingestion) A receptor or exposed population

In the absence of any one of these components, an exposure pathway is considered incomplete and, by definition, there is no risk or hazard. In some cases, a receptor may contact a source directly, eliminating the release and transport pathway. The potential exposure pathways for Gowanus Canal are identified in the preliminary CSM (Figure 2-1) and Table 1 in the Attachment.

5.2.1 Contaminant Sources


The potential contaminant sources are identified in the preliminary CSM, in Section 2, and include past use of the areas abutting the canal by gas works, coal yards, manufacturers of cement, manufacturers of soap, tanneries, paint and ink factories, machine shops, chemical plants, and oil refineries. The canal was also used as a repository of untreated industrial wastes, raw sewage, and surface water runoff for many decades.

5.2.2 Release and Transport Mechanisms


The primary contaminant release and transport mechanism at the Gowanus Canal site appears to be the discharge from past industrial activities into the canal surface water, accumulation in the sediment, and bioaccumulation into fish and crabs. The transport pathway from emissions from surface water and sediment to ambient air will be evaluated in the risk assessment using the ambient air data collected along the canal. Additionally, the canal has been known to overflow during heavy precipitation events, resulting in transport of surface water and sediment out of the canal onto properties and streets adjacent to the canal. The surface water and sediment remains on the properties and streets adjacent to the canal only for short periods of time during the overflow and flooding events.

5.2.3 Exposure Points and Exposure Routes


Potential exposure points include the surface water and sediment within the canal, surface water and sediment temporarily deposited on properties adjacent to the canal when the canal overflows its banks during heavy precipitation events, ambient air at canal level and street level adjacent to the canal, and fish and crab caught in the canal. Table 1 in the Attachment lists all of the potential exposure pathways that were considered for evaluation in the risk assessment.

5.2.4 Summary of Potential Exposure Pathways


In summary, the potential pathways that were evaluated under the current/future land use scenario include the following: Adult, adolescent (1218 years old), and child (16 years old) recreational: incidental ingestion and dermal contact with canal surface water (during both wet- and drysampling events); incidental ingestion and dermal contact with exposed and near-shore sediment in the canal; inhalation of ambient air at canal level (both before and during aeration system operation). Adult and adolescent (1218 years old) angler and child (16 years old) of angler: ingestion of fish (striped bass, white perch, and eel) and crab caught in the canal. Adult and child (16 years) residents: inhalation of ambient air at street level (both before and during aeration system operation); incidental ingestion and dermal contact with canal overflow surface water (using surface water collected during wet events); incidental ingestion and dermal contact with sediment deposited adjacent to the canal (using surface sediment data) during canal overflow events. Adult industrial worker: inhalation of ambient air at street level (both before and during aeration system operation); incidental ingestion and dermal contact with canal overflow surface water (using surface water collected during wet events); incidental ingestion and dermal contact with sediment deposited adjacent to the canal (using surface sediment data) during canal overflow events.

5.3 Quantification of Exposure


Quantification of exposure involves estimating the exposure point concentration (EPC) and chemical intake.

5.3.1 Exposure Concentrations


The EPC is the estimated concentration at the point of contact. EPCs may be measured directly (i.e., surface water concentration) or calculated using fate and transport models. No fate and transport modeling was conducted for the Gowanus Canal risk assessment since data were collected at potential exposure points. The EPCs for each COPC were calculated as the 95 percent upper confidence limit (UCL) of the mean concentration. The maximum detected concentration was used in place of the UCL as the EPC when the calculated UCL was greater than the maximum detected value or less than eight samples were available for the data grouping.

ProUCL, Version 4.00.05 (USEPA, 2010a), was used to calculate the UCLs and determine the data distribution. The data distribution identified was used to compute the most appropriate UCL for that specific data set. The recommendations in the ProUCL output file and outlined in the ProUCL model documentation were used to select the appropriate UCL. In accordance with USEPA guidance (USEPA, 1996), EPCs were calculated separately for each medium (sediment and fish tissue) and data groupings for which PCB congeners were analyzed for (1) dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations, (2) non-dioxin-like total PCB concentrations, and (3) total PCB concentrations. These three concentrations were calculated for each sample using the methods discussed below. The concentrations were calculated using only the detected PCB congeners in each sample. Nondetected congeners and Bflagged congeners were not included in the individual sample sums. The calculations are included in Tables 2.8 Supplement A, 2.11 Supplement A, and 2.12 Supplement A in the Attachment for fish and crab, and for sediment, respectively. Detection limits are not shown on these tables for all of the dioxin congeners. The reporting limits are unreliable because during data validation the reporting limits were not provided correctly if the sample was reanalyzed or diluted. Appendix H presents the data quality evaluation. The uncertainties associated with the EPC calculation approach for PCBs are discussed in Section 8. TEQ concentrations for dioxin-like PCBs were calculated for each sample in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) toxicity equivalency factor (TEF) approach (USEPA, 2010d). The purpose of using the WHO TEF approach is to adjust the relative carcinogenic potency of specific dioxin-like PCB congeners relative to 2,3,7,8tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD), the most potent dioxin congener. TEFs are published by WHO for mammals (including humans), fish, and wildlife. PCB TEQs were calculated using the mammal TEFs. Using the measured concentration values for each congener and the TEF for that congener, the TEQ for a mixture of PCB congeners in a specific sample is calculated as follows: TEQ = (TEFi Ci) where: TEFi = Toxicity equivalency factor for congener i Ci = Concentration of congener i Risks from the calculated dioxin-like PCB TEQ are therefore based on the toxicity factors for 2,3,7,8-TCDD. The TEFs used to calculate the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations are provided in Table 5-1. Although there are also noncancer toxicity factors for 2,3,7,8-TCDD, there is greater uncertainty associated with evaluating the noncancer risk for the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations using these values. Therefore, the evaluation of noncancer hazards associated with the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations is presented in the uncertainty evaluation (Section 8). The non-dioxin-like PCB concentrations (the sum of all detected non-dioxin-like PCB congeners) were also calculated and evaluated for carcinogenic risks using carcinogenic toxicity factors for total PCBs. The total PCB concentrations (the sum of all detected PCB congeners, not adjusted using TEFs) were also calculated for each sample and were used to evaluate noncarcinogenic effects.

Most arsenic present in fish and crab tissue is present in the organic form of arsenic (organoarsenical compounds), which is relatively nontoxic to humans and is excreted rapidly and unchanged in urine (U.S. Food and Drug Administration [FDA], 1993; ATSDR, 2007). Some regulatory agencies (for example, FDA) regulate arsenic in fish based on a default but conservative assumption that 10 percent of the total arsenic in fish tissue is potentially in the toxic (carcinogenic) form. Therefore, for this HHRA, it was assumed that 10 percent of the measured total arsenic in fish and crab tissue was in the inorganic form of arsenic. To account for this adjustment, the EPCs for arsenic used in the intake calculations are 10 percent of the total measured arsenic concentrations. The total measured arsenic concentrations are shown in Tables 3.8 through 3.11 in the Attachment, while 10 percent of the total measured values are shown in the Tables 7.8.RME through 7.10.RME and 7.7.CTE through 7.9.CTE in the Attachment.

5.3.2 Estimation of Chemical Intakes


The quantification of exposure is based on an estimate of the chronic daily intake (CDI), the average amount of the chemical contaminant entering the receptors body per day. Chemical intake estimates for the ingestion and dermal exposure pathways are generally expressed as follows: CDI = Where: CDI C CR EF ED BW AT = = = = = = = chronic daily intake (mg/kg-day) chemical concentration (mg/L, mg/kg) contact rate (L/day, mg/day) exposure frequency (days/year) exposure duration (years) body weight (kg) averaging time (days) C CR EF ED BW AT

For the dermal pathway, the contact rate usually incorporates the skin surface area in contact with the exposure medium (water or sediment), and an absorption factor. The intake equation for the dermal exposure pathway is shown in the Attachment, Tables 4.1 (RME and CTE) and 4.5 (RME and CTE) for sediment and Tables 4.2 (RME and CTE) and 4.6 (RME and CTE) for surface water. Chemical exposure estimates for the inhalation pathway are generally expressed as follows: EC = Where: EC Ca ET EF ED CF AT = = = = = = = exposure concentration (mg/m3) chemical concentration in air (mg/m3) exposure time (hours/day) exposure frequency (days/year) exposure duration (years) conversion factor (day/24 hours) averaging time (days) Ca ET EF ED CF AT

The intake and exposure equations require exposure parameters that are specific to each exposure pathway. Many of the exposure parameters have default values, which were used for this assessment. These assumptions, based on estimates of body weights, media intake levels, and exposure frequencies and duration, are provided in USEPA guidance. Other assumptions (e.g., for the recreational scenarios) require consideration of location-specific information and were determined using professional judgment. Tables 4.1.RME through 4.6.RME in the Attachment present the exposure parameters that were used for the exposure scenarios that were evaluated in the risk assessment. RME scenario exposure parameters were compiled for all scenarios; central tendency exposure (CTE) parameters were compiled only for scenarios where the RME risk for an environmental medium is greater than USEPAs noncarcinogenic hazard or carcinogenic risk target levels (target organ-specific hazard index (HI) >1.0, and excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) >1 10-4). The exposure parameters selected for each receptor are discussed below. For the fish consumption evaluation, the fish ingestion rate for each of the species of fish evaluated was adjusted to a percentage of the total fish ingestion rate assumed, as reported in literature for the State of New York. The percentage of ingestion of each fish type was obtained from the 1991 New York State Angler Report (Connelly et al., 1992). It was assumed that eel represent bottom feeders with 44 percent of the total fish consumption, striped bass represent the intermediate level with 47 percent consumption, and white perch represent the remaining 9 percent. A 100 percent crab ingestion rate was assumed for blue crab. Burger (2002) found that individuals typically consumed either fish or crabs, and that those who did consume both fish and crabs had lower consumptions of each. Therefore, the total noncarcinogenic hazards and carcinogenic risks were not combined for consumption of both fish and crabs. For the fish and crab ingestion scenarios, an additional exposure parameter was used in the CDI calculation (USEPA, 2000) for the CTE scenario. During cooking and fish preparation, concentrations of some lipophilic contaminants decrease. Therefore, if appropriate for the COPC, a preparation/cooking loss factor (PCF) was applied to the equation for the CTE assessment. Appendix C of USEPAs Guidance for Assessment Chemical Contaminant Data for Use in Fish Advisories, Volume 2: Risk Assessment and Consumption Limits (USEPA, 2000) summarizes many of the studies that have evaluated loss of PCBs and pesticides from fish during food preparation and cooking. A review of the available literature found the results range considerably, both between various cooking methods and within the same method. Cooking losses, expressed as percent loss based on total PCB mass before and after cooking, as high as 74 percent were reported in one study (Skea et al., 1979). Other studies reported net gains of PCBs (Moya et al., 1998; Armbruster et al., 1987). PCB losses from cooking may be a function of the cooking method (baking, frying, broiling, etc.), cooking duration, temperature during cooking, preparation techniques (i.e., trimmed vs. untrimmed, with or without skin), lipid content of the fish, the fish species, magnitude of the PCB contamination in the raw fish, the extent to which lipids separated during cooking are consumed, reporting method, and/or the experimental study design. Personal preferences for various preparation and cooking methods and other related habits (such as consuming pan drippings) may result in consumption of PCBs "lost" from the fish upon cooking.

A review of literature found that PCB cooking losses may range from 0 to 74 percent. Despite the wide range of cooking loss estimates, most PCB losses were between 10 and 40 percent. A value of 20 percent (midpoint of 0 40 percent) was selected as the CTE estimate for cooking loss. For the RME, a cooking loss factor was not used to include the possibility that pan drippings are consumed along with the fish. Table 5-2 identifies the PCFs used for the CTE evaluation.

Recreational Adult, Adolescent, and Child


The recreational adult, adolescent (ages 1218), and child (ages 16) are individuals who may use the canal for boating, fishing, crabbing, oralthough unlikelyswimming/diving and be exposed to the surface water, sediment, and air at canal level. It is assumed that the RME recreational user would engage in recreational activities in the canal for 1 day per week for one-half of the year, from May through October (26 days/year). For estimating the exposure to the surface water and sediment during recreational activities, swimming was assumed. It was assumed that the RME recreational user would be exposed to surface water and sediment for 2.6 hours during each exposure, the national average time spent swimming per swimming event (USEPA, 1989). It was assumed that the RME ingestion rate of sediment during swimming would be 50 percent of the resident ingestion rate of soil (50 mg/day for adults and adolescents and 100 mg/day for children [USEPA, 1991]). The RME ingestion rate of surface water was assumed to equal 0.05 L/day, the surface water ingestion rate for swimming activities (USEPA, 1989). For dermal exposure to sediment, it was assumed that the head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet could come into contact with the sediment (i.e., skin surface areas of 6,925 cm2 [adult], 10,470 cm2 [adolescent; includes full arms and legs since information was not available for this age group for forearms and lower legs alone], and 2,800 cm2 [child] [USEPA, 2004]). A sediment-to-skin adherence factor of 0.3 cm2, the average adherence factor for reed gatherers (USEPA, 2004), was selected for the adult, and a sediment-to-skin adherence factor of 0.2 cm2, the average adherence factor for children in wet soil (USEPA, 2004), was selected for the adolescent and child. For surface water, it was assumed the full body (18,000 cm2 [adult], 15,758 cm2 [adolescent], and 6,600 cm2 [child] [USEPA, 2004]) would be exposed. The default exposure durations of 24 years (adult), 6 years (adolescent ages 1218), and 6 years (child ages 16) and default body weights of 70 kg (adult), 57 kg (mean body weight of girls and boys ages 1218), and 15 kg (child ages 16) were used for exposure to all media. For the CTE scenarios, the exposure frequency was assumed to be one-half of the RME exposure frequency (or 1 day every other week for one-half of the year). It was assumed that the CTE recreational user would be exposed to the surface water and sediment for one-half of the RME exposure time, or 1.3 hours during each exposure. It was also assumed that the ingestion rates of sediment and surface water would be half the RME values, or 25 mg/day for adults and adolescents and 50 mg/day for children for sediment, and 0.025 L/day for all recreational receptors for surface water. The CTE skin surface areas for exposure to surface water and sediment, and the sediment-to-skin adherence factors were assumed to be the same as the RME values. The total CTE exposure duration for the recreational receptor was assumed to be 9 years (USEPA, 1997), the 50th percentile value for living at one residence, therefore, for each of the receptors (adult, adolescent, and child) the exposure duration was assumed to be 3years. The default body weights of 70 kg (adult), 57 kg (mean body weight

of girls and boys from 1218), and 15 kg (child ages 16) were used to evaluate CTE exposure to all media.

Adult Angler
It was assumed the adult angler would ingest the fish or crabs they catch in the canal. There is not a lot of published literature concerning ingestion rates of self-caught crabs. Burger (2002) reported results of an angler study for fish and crabs in the Newark Bay Complex, and has estimated a yearly consumption rate for self-caught crab by multiplying the number of crab meals eaten per month by the number of crabs eaten at each meal by the number of months per year crabs are caught. Burger assumed the average size of one crab is 70 g. In the Burger (2002) study, it was noted that most of the people interviewed mainly fished or mainly crabbed, and that more than 30 percent of the people who fished and crabbed in the Newark Bay Complex did not eat their catch. People reported crabbing for only 3 months of the year, which is why data from only the 3-month period were used to calculate the annual ingestion rate. This may underestimate the risks and hazards associated with crab ingestion if crabs are actually caught in the canal and eaten for longer than 3 months a year. The yearly consumption rate of self-caught crab estimated from Burger (2002) is 5,760 grams (g), or 16 g/day. A 95% UCL of the yearly consumption value was estimated on the basis of this to be 23 g/day, and an average yearly consumption value was estimated to be 16 g/day. The 95% UCL value was used for the RME scenario for crab ingestion, and the average value was used for the CTE scenario. Burger (2002) also presented a yearly consumption rate of self-caught fish (based on the Newark Bay Complex study) of 8,210 g, or 22 g/day. This is similar to the value of 26 g/day, the 95th percentile recreational freshwater anglers fish ingestion rate, in the Exposure Factors Handbook (USEPA, 1997) and is also similar to the 1991 New York State Angler Survey derived rate of 31.9 g/day (Connelly et al., 1992). The fish ingestion rate of 26 g/day (USEPA, 1997) was used for an RME adult. The mean recreational freshwater anglers fish ingestion rate of 8 g/day (USEPA, 1997) was used for the CTE adult angler.

Adolescent Angler
It was assumed that the adolescent angler, ages 1218 years, would fish or crab in the canal and ingest the fish and crabs caught in the canal. In addition to eating the fish or crab caught by an adult family member, several studies have found that children begin fishing at approximately 10 years of age (Connelly et al., 1992). There is not a lot of published literature concerning ingestion rates of self-caught crabs by adults, and even less for children. Therefore, the fish ingestion rate for the adolescent was estimated assuming that the intake for an adolescent is about two-thirds of that of an adult. This approach yields ingestion rates generally consistent with the limited information provided in USEPAs Exposure Factors Handbook (USEPA, 1997). For adolescents ages 10-19 years, the 95th percentile intake is 26.8 g/day (USEPA, 1997), which is comparable with the 17 g/day used in the HHRA for adolescents ages 12-18 years. The RME ingestion rate of crabs by adolescents was assumed to be 15 g/day (two-thirds the adult rate).. Similarly, the CTE ingestion rate of fish by adolescents was assumed to be 5.3 g/day, and the CTE ingestion rate of crabs by adolescents was assumed to be 10.7 g/day.

Child of Angler
It was assumed that the child (ages 16 years) of an angler would ingest the fish and crabs caught by a parent/relative in the canal. There is not a lot of published literature concerning ingestion rates of self-caught crabs by adults, and even less for children. However, based on information presented in USEPAs Exposure Factors Handbook (USEPA, 1997) for fish ingestion rates for children, children ingest about one-third the amount of fish that adults ingest. This approach yields ingestion rates generally consistent with the limited information provided in USEPA Exposure Factors Handbook (USEPA, 1997). According to Table 10-1 of the Exposure Factors Handbook (USEPA, 1997), the 95th percentile intake for children ages 0-9 years is 16.5 g/day, compared to the RME value used in the HHRA of 9 g/day for children ages 1-6 years. The RME ingestion rate of crabs by children was assumed to be 8 g/day. Similarly, the CTE ingestion rate of fish by children was assumed to be 2.7 g/day and the CTE ingestion rate of crabs by children was assumed to be 5.3 g/day.

Industrial Adult
The industrial adult is an individual who works near the canal and may be exposed to ambient air (collected at street-level stations) 250 days/year, 8 hours/day. This industrial adult may also be exposed to canal overflow surface water and sediment. It was conservatively assumed that the canal overflows three times per year and remains in overflow conditions 3 days during each overflow event, for a total of 9 days per year of exposure to the overflowed surface water and surface sediment. It is assumed that the adult industrial worker could be exposed to the overflow water and sediment 8 hours/day during these 9 days. It was assumed that the ingestion rate of the canal overflow sediment would be equal to the adult industrial worker ingestion rate of soil, or 100 mg/day (USEPA, 2002). The ingestion rate of surface water was conservatively assumed to equal 0.05 L/day, the ingestion rate of surface water for swimming activities (USEPA, 1989). For dermal exposure to sediment, it was assumed that the head, hands, and forearms could come into contact with the sediment, for a surface area of 3,300 cm2 (USEPA, 2004). For dermal exposure to surface water, it was assumed the head, hands, forearms, and lower legs could come into contact with the surface water, for a surface area of 5,700 cm2 (USEPA, 2004). A sediment-toskin adherence factor of 0.2 cm2, the soil adherence factor for industrial workers (Exhibit 3-5 in USEPA, 2004), was selected. The default exposure duration of 25 years for an adult industrial worker and default body weight of 70 kg were used for exposure to media.

Residential Adult and Child


The residential adult and child are individuals who live near the canal and may be exposed to ambient air (collected at street-level stations) 350 days/year, 24 hours/day (RME scenario). This resident may also be exposed to canal overflow surface water and sediment. It was conservatively assumed that the canal overflows three times per year and remains in overflow conditions 3 days during each overflow event, for a total of 9 days per year of exposure to the overflowed surface water and surface sediment. It was assumed the RME ingestion rate of the canal overflow sediment would be equal to the resident ingestion rates of soil (100 mg/day [adult] and 200 mg/day [child] [USEPA, 2002]). The RME ingestion rate of surface water was assumed to equal 0.05 L/day, the surface water ingestion rate for exposure scenarios involving swimming activities (USEPA, 1989), and the RME exposure time for exposure to the surface water was assumed to equal 2.6 hours during each exposure, the national average time spent swimming per swimming event (USEPA, 1989).

For dermal exposure to sediment and the surface water, it was assumed that the head, hands, forearms, and lower legs could come into contact with the sediment, for a surface area of 5,700 cm2 (adult) and 2,800 cm2 (child, including feet) (USEPA, 2004). A sediment-toskin adherence factor of 0.2 cm2, the average adherence factor for children in wet soil (USEPA, 2004), was selected. Default exposure durations of 24 years (adult) and 6 years (child) and default body weights of 70 kg (adult) and 15 kg (child) were used for exposure to all media. For the CTE scenario, it was assumed the residential receptors would be exposed to ambient air 234 days/year (USEPA, 1993). It was assumed that the CTE resident would be exposed to the surface water for one-half of the RME exposure time, or 1.3 hours during each exposure. It was also assumed that the ingestion rates of sediment and surface water would be one-half the RME value, or 50 mg/day for adults 100 mg/day for children for sediment, and 0.025 L/day for both adults and children for surface water. The CTE skin surface areas for exposure to surface water and sediment and the sediment-to-skin adherence factors were assumed to be the same as the RME values. The CTE exposure duration for the residential receptor was assumed to be 9 years (USEPA, 1997), the 50th percentile value for living at one residence; therefore, the CTE exposure duration for the adult was assumed to be 3 years and the CTE exposure duration for the child was assumed to be 6 years, for a total residential exposure duration of 9 years. The default body weights of 70 kg (adult), and 15 kg (child ages 16) were used to evaluate CTE exposure to all media.

SECTION 6

Toxicity Assessment
Toxicity assessment defines the relationship between the magnitude of exposure and possible severity of adverse effects, and it weighs the quality of available toxicological evidence. Toxicity assessment generally consists of two steps: hazard identification and dose-response assessment. Hazard identification is the process of determining the potential adverse effects from exposure to the chemical and the type of health effect involved. Doseresponse assessment is the process of quantitatively evaluating the toxicity information and characterizing the relationship between the dose of the constituent administered or received and the incidence of adverse health effects in the exposed population. Toxicity criteria (e.g., reference doses [RfDs], inhalation reference concentrations [RfCs], cancer slope factors [CSFs], and inhalation unit risk factors [IURs]) are derived from the dose-response relationship. USEPA recommends that a tiered approach be used to obtain the toxicity values (RfDs, RfCs, CSFs, and IURs) that are used to estimate noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic risks (USEPA, 2003a). The hierarchy of toxicity value sources is the following: 1. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) (USEPA, 2010e) 2. Provisional Peer-Reviewed Toxicity Values (PPRTV) 3. Other USEPA and non-USEPA sources, including the National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables (HEAST), California EPA (Cal EPA), and USEPAs Office of Water The use in an HHRA of toxicity values from sources other than IRIS increases the uncertainty of the quantitative risk estimates. Some of the COPCs elicit both systemic (noncarcinogenic) toxic effects and cancer (carcinogenic) effects. Because of this, these constituents are evaluated as both noncarcinogens and carcinogens. The health risks for carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic effects were estimated separately based on different toxicity values. Chromium is a COPC for sediment, surface water, and fish tissue (eel). It was assumed that all of the chromium detected in these media is hexavalent chromium, or Cr(VI), both for determining if chromium was a COPC (comparing the total chromium concentrations to the Cr(VI) RSLs) and for calculating the risks associated with exposure to chromium in these media. Cr(VI) is unstable in the body (in biological tissues) and is ultimately reduced to trivalent chromium, or Cr(III), by a variety of reducing agents, including ascorbate and glutathione (ATSDR, 2008; USEPA, 2010e). Cr(VI) exerts toxicity through direct contact mechanisms rather than bioaccumulation to a critical concentration in tissue. Therefore, all of the chromium detected in fish tissue samples is most likely Cr(III). However, the Cr(VI) toxicity values were used to evaluate the risks associated with chromium in fish tissue and all media. An RfD and RfC for Cr(VI) are available in IRIS; however, IRIS does not include a

6-1

CSF or IUR for CR(VI). The CSF for CR(VI) used in the HHRA is the same one included on the RSL Table (USEPA, 2010b) from NJDEP.

6.1 Toxicity Information for Noncarcinogenic Effects


Noncarcinogenic health effects include a variety of toxic effects on body systems, ranging from toxicity to the kidneys to central nervous system disorders. The toxicity of a chemical is assessed through a review of toxic effects noted in short-term (acute) animal studies, longterm (chronic) animal studies, and epidemiological investigations. USEPA (1989) defines the chronic RfD as a dose that is likely to be without appreciable risk of deleterious effects during a lifetime of exposure. Chronic RfDs are specifically developed to be protective for long-term exposure to a chemical or compound (for example, 7 years to a lifetime), and consider uncertainty in the toxicological database and sensitive receptors. Chronic RfDs were used to evaluate noncarcinogenic risks to all receptors evaluated in the risk assessment. In the development of RfDs, all available studies examining the toxicity of a chemical following exposure are considered on the basis of scientific merit. The lowest dose level at which an observed toxic effect occurs is identified as the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL), and the dose at which no effect is observed is identified as the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL). Several uncertainty factors (UFs) may be applied to account for uncertainties such as limited data, extrapolation of data from animal studies to human exposures, or the use of subchronic studies to develop chronic criteria. These UFs range from 10 to 10,000, and are based on professional judgment. Consequently, there are varying degrees of uncertainty in the toxicity criteria, which range from 1 to 3,000 for the COPCs identified for this site. USEPA-derived oral RfDs and inhalation RfCs, and associated UF and modifying factor (MF) values, available for the COPCs are presented in Tables 5.1 and 5.2 in the Attachment. The RfD for Aroclor 1254 was used to estimate the noncarcinogenic effects associated with exposure to total PCBs. Per USEPA guidance, oral RfDs were adjusted from administered dose (oral) to absorbed dose (dermal) to evaluate dermal toxicity. When appropriate, the RfDs were adjusted using oral absorption factors (USEPA, 2004). This adjustment is shown in Table 5.1 in the Attachment.

6.2 Toxicity Information for Carcinogenic Effects


Potential carcinogenic effects are quantified as CSFs or IURs that convert estimated exposures directly to incremental lifetime carcinogenic risks. CSFs and IURs may be derived from the results of chronic animal bioassays, human epidemiological studies, or both. Animal bioassays are usually conducted at dose levels that are much higher than are likely to be encountered in the environment. This design detects possible adverse effects in the relatively small test populations used in the studies. The actual risks from exposure to a potential carcinogen are not likely to exceed the estimated risks and are probably much lower or even zero. USEPA-derived CSFs and IURs are presented in the Attachment, Tables 6.1 and 6.2. The CSF for 2,3,7,8-TCDD (dioxin) was

used to estimate the carcinogenic risks associated with the dioxin-like PCBs and the CSF for total PCBs was used to estimate the carcinogenic risks associated with the non-dioxin-like PCBs.As was done for oral RfDs, oral CSFs were adjusted from administered dose (oral) to absorbed dose (dermal) to evaluate dermal toxicity. When appropriate, the CSFs were adjusted using oral absorption factors (USEPA, 2004). This adjustment is shown in Table 6.1 in the Attachment. The IRIS toxicity profile for PCBs (USEPA, 2010e) presents a tiered approach for evaluating carcinogenic risks associated with exposure to PCBs. IRIS recommends that the first tier upper-bound CSF of 2.0 (mg/kg-day)-1 be used to evaluate upper-bound risks estimates for exposures to PCBs through ingestion of fish and sediment, and dermal contact with sediment, and that the central-estimate of 1.0 (mg/kg/day)-1 be used to evaluate cancer risks for the CTE estimate.

6.3 Approach for Potential Mutagenic Effects


For COPCs that act via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA), cancer risks were estimated using age-dependent adjustment factors (ADAFs), as is consistent with cancer guidelines and supplemental guidance (USEPA, 2005a, b). Consistent with the Superfund guidance on MMOA (http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/sghandbook/chemicals.htm), the carcinogenic PAHs are considered to act via a MMOA. Additionally, chromium is also categorized as a chemical with a MMOA (McCarrol, et al., 2010). The calculation of cancer risk using ADAFs is presented in Tables 7s of the Attachment. As chemical-specific data are not available for the carcinogenic PAHs or chromium, default ADAFs, as included in the USEPA Region 3 memorandum Derivation of RBCs for Carcinogens That Act via a Mutagenic Mode of Action and Incorporate Default ADAFs (USEPA, 2006), were used for the MMOA evaluation. The default ADAFs used to adjust the CSFs are 10 for 0-2 year olds, 3 for 2-6 year olds, 3 used for 6-12 year olds, and 1 for 16-30 year olds. The CSF was multiplied by the appropriate ADAF to derive the age-specific CSF for a receptor to calculate the total carcinogenic risk. Additionally, the exposure factors for children 02 years old and 26 years old were assumed to be the same as the parameters for a child 06 years old, with the exception of the exposure duration, which was instead 2 years and 4 years, respectively. The exposure factors for the adult residential receptor were used for residents 616 years old and 1630 years old, with the exception of the exposure durations, which were 10 years and 14 years, respectively. For the adolescent receptors, the exposure factors for the adolescents 12-16 years old and 16-18 years old were assumed to be the same as the parameters for an adolescent 12-18 years old, with the exception of the exposure duration, which was 4 years and 2 years, respectively.

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SECTION 7

Risk Characterization
Risk characterization combines the results of the previous elements of the risk assessment to evaluate the potential health risks associated with exposure to the COPCs. The risk characterization is then used as an integral component in risk management decisionmaking.

7.1 Methods for Estimating Risks


Potential human health risks are discussed independently for carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic effects because of the different toxicological endpoints, relevant exposure duration, and methods used to characterize risk. The methodology used to estimate noncarcinogenic hazards and carcinogenic risks are described below.

7.1.1 Noncarcinogenic Hazard Estimation


Noncarcinogenic health risks are estimated by comparing the calculated exposures to RfDs (or RfCs). The calculated intake divided by the RfD (or exposure concentration divided by the RfC) is equal to the hazard quotient (HQ): HQ = Intake / RfD or Exposure Concentration / RfC The intake and RfD (or exposure concentration and RfC) represent the same exposure route (i.e., oral intakes are divided by oral RfDs, inhalation exposure concentrations are divided by inhalation RfCs). An HQ that exceeds 1.0 (i.e., intake exceeds the RfD) indicates that there is a potential for adverse health effects associated with exposure to that constituent. To assess the potential for noncarcinogenic health effects posed by exposure to multiple constituents, an HI approach is used (USEPA, 1986). This approach assumes that noncarcinogenic hazards associated with exposure to more than one constituent are additive (HI = sum of the HQs). Synergistic or antagonistic interactions between constituents are not considered. The HI may exceed 1.0 even if all of the individual HQs are less than 1. HIs may be added across exposure routes to estimate the total noncarcinogenic health effects to a receptor posed by exposure through multiple routes. If the HI is greater than 1, separate HIs are estimated for each target organ to assess whether the HI for a specific target organ is greater than 1. A target-organ-specific HI greater than 1 indicates that there is some potential for adverse noncarcinogenic health effects associated with exposure to the COPCs, possibly warranting remedial action. If the HI for each target organ does not exceed 1, noncarcinogenic hazards are not expected.

7.1.2 Carcinogenic Risk Estimation


The potential for carcinogenic effects due to exposure to site-related constituents is evaluated by estimating the ELCR, which is the incremental increase in the probability of developing cancer during ones lifetime in addition to the probability of getting cancer associated with exposure to all non-site-related sources of carcinogens.

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Carcinogenic risk is calculated by multiplying the intake by the CSF (or exposure concentration by the IUR). ELCR = Intake CSF or Exposure Concentration IUR The combined risk from exposure to multiple constituents was evaluated by adding the risks from individual constituents. Risks were also added across the exposure routes if an individual would be exposed through multiple routes. As required under the NCP (USEPA, 1994a) "[f]or known or suspected carcinogens, acceptable exposure levels are generally concentration levels that represent an excess upper bound lifetime cancer risk to an individual of between 10-4 to 10-6 using information on the relationship between dose and response." When a cumulative carcinogenic risk to a receptor under the assumed RME exposure conditions exceeds 1 in 10 thousand (i.e., 10-4 ELCR), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) generally requires remedial action to reduce risks at the site.

7.1.3 Lead
Lead concentrations less than 0.015 mg/L in surface water (the Safe Drinking Water Act action level for lead in potable water) and less than 400 mg/kg in sediment (USEPA, 1994b) are considered adequately protective of human health under residential land-use conditions. Lead concentrations less than 800 mg/kg in sediment are considered adequately protective of human health under industrial land-use conditions. Lead was retained as a COPC when exceeding the residential values. Lead was identified as a COPC for exposed and near-shore surface sediment, surface sediment for the overflow scenario, and surface water during the wet event. Lead does not have available published toxicity factors, and therefore potential risks associated with lead are evaluated differently than the other COPCs. The toxicity of lead is evaluated by USEPA based on blood-lead uptake using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model called the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model. The IEUBK model is used to evaluate lead exposure to children. An interim approach to assessing risks associated with adult exposures to lead was developed by USEPAs Technical Review Workgroup for Lead (USEPA, 2003b) and updated in 2005. This methodology is a variation of the IEUBK model. The adult lead methodology (ALM) is used to evaluate risks associated with nonresidential adult exposures to lead in soil (or sediment for this assessment). The model focuses on estimating fetal blood concentrations in women exposed to lead in soil (USEPA, 2003b). It was used in this risk evaluation to be protective of potentially sensitive receptors within the industrial worker population and recreational population that may be exposed to overflow sediment. Because the lead model is a probabilistic model, several of the USEPA default parameters are based on central tendency (i.e., average) values (USEPA, 2003b). Therefore, the arithmetic means for sediment concentration served as the input value for the soil (sediment) concentrations. The exposure parameters used in the ALM for ingestion and exposure frequency are the same as those that were used to evaluate direct contact with overflow sediment by the industrial worker and direct contact with exposed and near-shore sediment by the recreational adult. The sediment ingestion rate of 100 mg/day and exposure frequency of 9 days/year was assumed for the adult industrial worker. For the recreational adult, a

sediment ingestion rate of 50 mg/day and an exposure frequency of 26 days/year were used. The ALM uses different sets of geometric standard deviations (GSDs) and baseline blood lead levels based on different studies. The GSD is a measure of the inter-individual variability in blood lead concentrations in a population whose members are exposed to the same nonresidential environmental lead levels. The baseline blood lead concentration is intended to represent the best estimate of a reasonable central value of blood lead concentrations in women of child-bearing age that are not exposed to lead-contaminated nonresidential soil (sediment) or dust at the site (USEPA, 2003b, c). In this analysis, geometric means were used. ALM spreadsheets provided by USEPA (version date June 21, 2009) were used to calculate blood lead concentrations for the industrial worker. The model results are expressed as the predicted geometric mean blood lead level for adults (that is, women of child-bearing age) and the corresponding 95th percentile fetal blood lead concentrations and the percent of the population potentially experiencing concentrations above 10 micrograms per deciliter (g/dL), below which adverse manifestations are not expected. The potential risks associated with residential/recreational exposures to lead are addressed using the IEUBK Lead Model for Windows, Version 1.1, Build 11 (USEPA, 1994c, 2010f). The IEUBK model was designed to provide predictions of the probability of elevated blood lead levels for children. This model addresses three components of environmental risk assessments: the multimedia nature of exposures to lead, lead pharmacokinetics, and significant variability in exposure and risk, through estimation of probability distributions of blood lead levels for children exposed to similar environmental concentrations. Although use of the IEUBK model to evaluate exposure to lead in the sediment and surface water for recreational and residential receptors is extremely conservative, there is currently no better method available. The arithmetic mean of the lead concentration in sediment and surface water was used with the default input parameters to represent site-specific exposures to lead.

7.2 Risk Assessment Results


The results of the risk characterization are presented below by receptor group. The risk estimates are calculated in the Attachment, Tables 7.1.RME through 7.10.RME and 7.1.CTE through 7.9.CTE, and summarized in the Attachment, Tables 9.1.RME through 9.10.RME and 9.1.CTE through 9.9.CTE. A summary of the RME results is shown in Table 7-1, and a summary of the CTE results is shown in Table7-2. CTE risks were calculated when the total RME HI to a receptor group exceeded 1.0 and/or the total RME ELCR exceeded 1 10-4. The risk estimates for each receptor group are summarized below and compared to USEPAs target HI of 1 and target ELCR range of 1 10-6 to 1 10-4. Noncarcinogenic hazards less than 1 are below USEPAs noncarcinogenic goal of protection of an HI of 1. Carcinogenic risks between or below 1 10-6 to 1 10-4 are within USEPAs acceptable carcinogenic risk levels. Noncarcinogenic hazards and carcinogenic risks are calculated for each of the receptors. However, carcinogenic risks are combined for the adult, adolescent, and child to estimate the carcinogenic risks to the recreational user, angler, and resident.

7.2.1 Recreational Adults


Tables 9.1.RME and 9.1.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.4) for recreational adult exposure to Gowanus Canal exposed and near-shore surface sediment, Gowanus Canal surface water, and air at canal level. The higher of the risks and hazards estimated for the two surface water scenarios and the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total HI (RME) = 0.2, below USEPAs target. Total HI (CTE) = 0.08, below USEPAs target. Lead was identified as a COPC for sediment and surface water (wet-weather event only). Exposure to lead in sediment was evaluated using the adult lead model. The model results are presented in Table 11.1 (Attachment). The mean sediment lead concentration of 660 mg/kg results in geometric mean blood levels ranging from 1.1 to 1.6 microgram per deciliter (g/dL) for women of child-bearing age. The corresponding 95th percentile fetal blood lead levels range from 2.6 to 4.9 g/dL. The probabilities that the fetal blood lead levels exceed 10 g/dL range from 0.005 to 0.5 percent. These values are less than the blood lead goal as described in the 1994 OSWER Directive (USEPA, 1994b) of no more than 5 percent of children (fetuses of exposed women) exceeding 10 g/dL blood lead.

7.2.2 Recreational Adolescents


Table 9.2.RME in the Attachment summarizes the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.4) for recreational adolescent exposure to Gowanus Canal exposed and nearshore surface sediment, Gowanus Canal surface water, and air at canal level. The higher of the risks and hazards estimated for the two surface water scenarios and the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total HI (RME) = 0.2, below USEPAs target. Total HI (CTE) = 0.1, below USEPAs target. Lead was identified as a COPC for sediment and surface water (wet-weather event only). Exposure to lead in sediment was evaluated using the adult lead model, as discussed for the recreational adults. The probabilities that the fetal blood lead levels exceed 10 g/DL range from 0.005 to 0.5 percent, which is less than the blood lead goal as described in the 1994 OSWER Directive (USEPA, 1994b) of no more than 5 percent of children (fetuses of exposed women) exceeding 10 g/dL blood lead.

7.2.3 Recreational Children


Tables 9.3.RME and 9.3.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.4) for recreational child exposure to Gowanus Canal exposed and near-shore surface sediment, Gowanus Canal surface water, and air at canal level. The higher of the risks and hazards estimated for the two surface water scenarios and the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group.

Total HI (RME) = 0.5, below USEPAs target. Total HI (CTE) = 0.2, below USEPAs target. Lead was identified as a COPC for sediment and surface water (wet-weather event only). Site-specific lead exposures were evaluated for recreational children using the IEUBK model. This calculation was based on the site-specific arithmetic mean concentration of lead detected in the sediment (660 mg/kg) and surface water (13 mg/L). The results of the model, along with the probability distribution plot are presented in Table 11.2 in the Attachment. The predicted geometric mean blood lead level for a young child was 7.1 g/dL, with 23 percent of the population potentially experiencing concentrations exceeding 10 g/dL, below which adverse manifestations are not expected. These results indicate that if a child was exposed to the sediment and surface water at levels consistent with residential exposure to soil and potable use of surface water, the percent of the exposed population with a blood lead level exceeding 10 g/dL would be above the 5 percent level that USEPA considers being protective of human health. However, it is unlikely that a child recreational receptor would be exposed to the sediment and surface water at the levels estimated in the IEUBK model, and it is more likely there would be no adverse effects associated with exposure to the lead.

7.2.4 Recreational Receptors Lifetime Carcinogenic Risks


Carcinogenic risks were estimated for the combined lifetime (young child/ adolescent/adult) recreational receptor, following USEPA risk assessment methodology. The total carcinogenic risk to a recreational receptor was calculated by adding the risks calculated for the young child, adolescent, and adult. The RME carcinogenic risks are summarized in Table 7-4, the CTE carcinogenic risks are summarized in Table 7-5, and the risks are discussed below. The higher of the risks estimated for the two surface water scenarios and the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks. Total ELCR (RME) = 1 10-3, above USEPAs target risk range. The risk is associated primarily with exposure to surface water (7 10-4) and sediment (7 10-4), and the risk drivers are carcinogenic PAHs. The carcinogenic PAHs were highest in the surface water samples collected at sampling locations 319 and 325 during the dry-weather sampling event and locations 309 and 319 during the wet-weather sampling event. The carcinogenic PAHs were highest (10 times higher than the next highest detection) in sediment sample 314, at the head of the 6th Street basin (see Figure 2-3a in the RI), and were therefore associated primarily with this location. The concentrations of the PAHs in the canal surface water during both dry- and wet-weather events and in the sediment were statistically significantly greater than in the reference area (see Sections 4.3.2 and 4.4.5 of the RI) Exposed and Near Shore Sediment ELCR (RME) = 7 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range Surface water, dry weather event ELCR (RME) = 6 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range

Surface water, wet weather event ELCR (RME) = 5 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range Air at canal level, prior to aeration system operation ELCR (RME) = 4 10-7, below USEPAs target risk range Air at canal level, after to aeration system operation started ELCR (RME) = 4 10-7, below USEPAs target risk range Total ELCR (CTE) = 3 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range Exposed and Near Shore Sediment ELCR (CTE) = 1 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range Surface water, dry weather event ELCR (CTE) = 1 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range Surface water, wet weather event ELCR (CTE) = 9 10-5, within USEPAs target risk range

7.2.5 Industrial Workers


Table 9.4.RME in the Attachment summarizes the HIs and ELCRs for industrial worker exposures to ambient air at street level and surface water and sediment associated with canal overflow. The higher of the risks and hazards estimated for the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total HI (RME) = 0.8, below USEPAs target HI. Total ELCR (RME) = 8 10-5, within USEPAs target risk range. Lead was identified as a COPC for sediment and surface water. Exposure to lead in sediment was evaluated using the adult lead model. The model results are presented in Table 11.3 of the Attachment. The mean sediment lead concentration of 533 mg/kg results in geometric mean blood levels ranging from 1.1 to 1.6 ug/dL for women of child-bearing age. The corresponding 95th percentile fetal blood lead levels range from 2.5 to 4.8 g/dL. The probabilities that the fetal blood lead levels exceed 10 g/DL range from 0.003 to 0.4 percent. These values are less than the blood lead goal as described in the 1994 OSWER Directive (USEPA, 1994b) of no more than 5 percent of children (fetuses of exposed women) exceeding 10 g/dL blood lead.

7.2.6 Adult Residents


Tables 9.5.RME and 9.4.CTE, in the Attachment summarize the HIs for adult resident exposures to ambient air at street level and surface water and sediment associated with canal overflow. The higher of the hazards estimated for the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total HI (RME) = 1 (calculated HI value is 1.1), equals USEPAs target of HI of 1. The HI is associated with inhalation of ambient air. The HIs for all target organs are below USEPAs target, and therefore, the hazard is within USEPA acceptable levels. Surface water and sediment HIs (RME) are below 0.1, below USEPAs target.

Total HI (CTE) = 0.7, below USEPAs target. Lead was identified as a COPC for sediment and surface water. Exposure to lead in sediment was evaluated using the adult lead model. The model results are presented in Table 11.3 in the Attachment. The mean sediment lead concentration of 533 mg/kg results in geometric mean blood levels ranging from 1.1 to 1.6 g/dL for women of child-bearing age. The corresponding 95th percentile fetal blood lead levels range from 2.5 to 4.8 ug/dL. The probabilities that the fetal blood lead levels exceed 10 g/DL range from 0.003 to 0.4 percent. These values are less than the blood lead goal as described in the 1994 OSWER Directive (USEPA, 1994b) of no more than 5 percent of children (fetuses of exposed women) exceeding 10 g/dL blood lead.

7.2.7 Child Residents


Tables 9.6.RME and 9.5.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs for child resident exposures to ambient air at street level and surface water and sediment associated with canal overflow. The higher of the hazards estimated for the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total HI (RME) = 1 (calculated HI value is 1.3), equals USEPAs target HI of 1. The HI is associated with inhalation of ambient air. The HIs for all target organs are below USEPAs target. Surface water and sediment HIs (RME) are below 0.3, below USEPAs target. Total HI (CTE) = 0.8, below USEPAs target. Lead was identified as a COPC for overflow sediment and surface water. Site-specific lead exposures were evaluated for recreational children using the IEUBK model. This calculation was based on the site-specific arithmetic mean concentration of lead detected in the sediment (533 mg/kg) and surface water (13 mg/L). The results of the model, along with the probability distribution plot are presented in Table 11.2 in the Attachment. The predicted geometric mean blood lead level for a young child was 6.1 g/dL, with 14.9 percent of the population potentially experiencing concentrations exceeding 10 g/dL, below which adverse manifestations are not expected. These results indicate that if a child was exposed to the sediment and surface water at levels consistent with residential exposure to soil and potable use of surface water, the percent of the exposed population with a blood lead level exceeding 10 g/dL would be above the 5 percent level that USEPA considers to be protective of human health. However, it is unlikely that a child recreational receptor would be exposed to the sediment and surface water at the levels estimated in the IEUBK model, and it is more likely there would be no adverse effects associated with exposure to the lead.

7.2.8 Child/Adult (Lifetime) Residents


Carcinogenic risks were estimated for the combined lifetime (child/adult) resident, following USEPA risk assessment methodology. Tables 9.7.RME and 9.6.CTE in the Attachment summarize the ELCRs for lifetime resident exposures to ambient air at street level and surface water and sediment associated with canal overflow. The higher of the risks

estimated for the two ambient air scenarios were included in the total estimated risks and hazards for the receptor group. Total ELCR (RME) = 3 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range. The ELCR is associated primarily with exposure to overflow sediment (2 10-4), with smaller contributions from exposure to overflow surface water (6 10-5) and ambient air after the aeration system started operating (4 10-5). The sediment risk drivers are carcinogenic PAHs, with highest concentrations in samples 314, at the head of the 6th Street basin, and 315, at the mouth of the 7th Street turning basin (see Figure 2-3a in the RI). PAH concentrations were variable in the reference area sediment, but concentrations observed in the canal were generally higher than those in the reference area (see discussion in Section 4.3.2 of the RI). Additionally, the statistical comparison of the PAH data from the canal and the reference area surface sediment indicated concentrations in the canal were statistically significantly greater than the reference area. Total ELCR (CTE) = 8 10-5, within USEPAs target risk range.

7.2.9 Adult Anglers


Tables 9.8.RME and 9.7.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.12) for angler adults who ingest fish and crab caught from the canal. Striped bass are representative of upper level predator fish, white perch are representative of middle level predator fish, and eel are representative of bottom feeders. Total Fish HI (RME) = 17, above USEPAs target HI. The HIs for ingestion of striped bass and eel exceed USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from mercury. About 70 percent of the total HI is contributed by assumed consumption of American eel. The average concentration of total PCBs in the eel from the canal is about two times higher than the average concentration of total PCBs in the reference samples (see Table 7-3 for average concentrations in canal and reference fish tissue samples). The average concentration of mercury in the eel from the canal samples is slightly lower than the average concentration in the eel from the reference samples. Total Crab HI (RME) = 3, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from arsenic and mercury. The average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the canal is almost twice the average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the reference samples (Table 7-3); however, the average concentrations of arsenic and mercury in blue crab from the reference samples are slightly higher than the average concentrations in the canal samples. White perch HI (RME) is below USEPAs target. Total Fish HI (CTE) = 2, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is primarily associated with PCBs in fish (mainly eel). Total Crab HI (CTE) = 2, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is primarily associated with PCBs.

7.2.10 Adolescent Anglers


Tables 9.9.RME and 9.8.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.12) for adolescent anglers who ingest fish and crab caught from the canal. Striped bass are representative of upper level predator fish, white perch are representative of middle level predator fish, and eel are representative of bottom feeders. Total Fish HI (RME) = 13, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from mercury (in striped bass and eel). The HIs for ingestion of striped bass and eel exceed USEPAs target HI. About 74 percent of the total HI is contributed by assumed consumption of American eel. The average concentration of total PCBs in the eel from the canal is about two times higher than the average concentration of total PCBs in the reference samples (see Table 7-3 for average concentrations in canal and reference fish and crab tissue samples). The average concentration of mercury in the eel from the canal samples is slightly lower than the average concentration in the eel from the reference samples. Total Crab HI (RME) = 3, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from arsenic and mercury. The average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the canal is almost twice the average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the reference samples. The average concentrations of arsenic and mercury in the blue crab from the reference samples are slightly higher than the average concentrations in the canal samples. White perch HI (RME) is below USEPAs target. Total Fish HI (CTE) = 1 (calculated HI value is 1.3), equals USEPAs target HI.

Total Crab HI (CTE) = 0.6, below USEPAs target HI.

7.2.11 Children of Anglers


Tables 9.10.RME and 9.9.CTE in the Attachment summarize the HIs (and ELCRs, which are discussed in Section 7.2.12)for children of anglers who ingest fish and crab caught from the canal. Striped bass are representative of upper level predator fish, white perch are representative of middle level predator fish, and eel are representative of bottom feeders. Total Fish HI (RME) = 27, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from mercury (in striped bass and eel). About 70 percent of the total HI is contributed by assumed consumption of American eel. The average concentration of total PCBs in the eel from the canal is about two times higher than the average concentration of total PCBs in the reference samples (see Table 7-3 for average concentrations in canal and reference fish and crab tissue samples). The average concentration of mercury in the eel from the canal samples is slightly lower than the average concentration in the eel from the reference samples. Total Crab HI (RME) = 5, above USEPAs target HI. The hazard is associated with PCBs, with smaller contributions (below 1) from arsenic and mercury. The average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the canal is almost twice the average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the reference samples. The average

concentrations of arsenic and mercury in the blue crab from the reference samples are slightly higher than the average concentrations in the canal samples. Total Fish HI (CTE) = 3, above USEPAs target HI, primarily associated with PCBs in eel. Total Crab HI (CTE) = 4, above USEPAs target HI, primarily associated with PCBs.

7.2.12 Anglers Lifetime Carcinogenic Risks


Carcinogenic risks were estimated for the combined lifetime (child/adolescent/adult) angler, following USEPA risk assessment methodology. The total carcinogenic risk to a angler was calculated by adding the risks calculated for the young child, adolescent, and adult. The RME carcinogenic risks are summarized in Table 7-4 and the CTE carcinogenic risks are summarized in Table 7-5, and are presented below. Striped bass are representative of upper level predator fish, white perch are representative of middle level predator fish, and eel are representative of bottom feeders. Total Fish ELCR (RME) = 7 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range. The risk from ingestion of eel (bottom feeders) and striped bass (top level predators) exceed USEPAs target risk range. The risk is associated primarily with ingestion of eel (74 percent). The risk drivers are PCBs. The dioxin-like PCBs and nondioxin-like PCBs contributed to the risk at similar risk levels. The average concentration of non-dioxin-like PCBs and dioxin-like PCB TEQs in the eel from the canal is almost two times higher than the average concentrations in the reference samples (see Table 7-3 for average concentrations in canal and reference fish and crab tissue samples). Total white perch (middle level predators) ELCR (RME) is within the target risk range . Total Crab ELCR (RME) = 3 10-4, above USEPAs target risk range. The risk drivers are PCBs. The average concentration of non-dioxin-like PCBs and dioxin-like PCB TEQs in blue crab from the canal (see Table 7-3 for average concentrations in canal and reference fish and crab tissue samples) is almost twice the average concentration of PCBs in blue crab from the reference samples. Total Fish ELCR (CTE) = 2 10-5, within USEPAs target risk range. Total Crab ELCR (CTE) = 6 10-5, within USEPAs target risk range.

SECTION 8

Uncertainty Assessment
The risk measures used in HHRAs are not fully probabilistic estimates of risk, but are conditional estimates given that a set of assumptions about exposure and toxicity are realized. Thus, it is important to specify the assumptions and uncertainties inherent in the risk assessment to place the risk estimates in proper perspective (USEPA, 1989).

8.1 Uncertainty in Data Evaluation and COPC Identification


The sampling conducted along the canal for use in the HHRA focused on areas where contact with the canal is most likely to occur (shallow and exposed sediment and surface water and air samples collected from similar locations) to estimate the most realistic exposure and risk to potential receptors. Additional surface water and surface sediment samples were collected from locations where historic operations and discharges to the canal have most likely occurred. Only the surface sediment samples from the exposed and shallow areas were used to evaluate the recreational exposure risks, as this is the sediment that these receptors are most likely to contact. All of the surface water samples were included in the recreational scenario evaluations since the receptors could be exposed to the water throughout the canal while boating. All of the surface water and surface sediment samples were used to evaluate risks to the residential and industrial worker receptors associated with exposure to canal overflow water and sediment. Therefore, the available data were evaluated in the HHRA in data groupings for each receptor group to estimate the reasonable maximum exposures and risks. The uncertainty associated with the data analysis is minimal, and all of the data were validated prior to being used in the HHRA. A data quality evaluation was performed on all analytical data evaluated in the HHRA, as discussed in Section 4.1 of the RI. A few constituents (mainly pesticides) were not detected in any of the fish or crab tissue samples but had detection limits above the human health risk-based screening level. This may result in slightly underestimating the risk associated with ingestion of fish and crab. However, it should be noted that risks above acceptable levels were identified for the fish and/or crab tissue and risks were primarily associated with the PCBs detected in the fish and crab tissue. The pesticides detected in the fish and crab tissue did not contribute significantly to the risk. A comparison of data collected from the canal to data collected from the reference locations was not used to identify the COPCs for the canal media. This may result in including COPCs related to background conditions in the risk estimates. All of the canal data were screened against residential screening levels to select the COPCs. The use of residential screening levels is conservative, as not all the scenarios evaluated in the HHRA are residential (i.e., the industrial worker scenario). This may result in including COPCs with small contributions to overall risk estimates.

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8.2 Uncertainty Associated with Exposure Assessment


The exposure factors used for quantifying exposure were conservative and reflect upperbound assumptions. The reliability of the values chosen for the exposure factors also contributes substantially to the uncertainty of the resulting risk estimates. Because most of the exposure factors are upper-bound assumptions, the resulting risks are likely overestimates. The most conservative recreational scenario (swimming) was used to evaluate potential exposure and risks for recreational adults, adolescents, and children. Based on the current conditions of the canal, it is likely that this is an overestimate of actual exposure to recreational receptors. Although possible, it is highly unlikely that a recreational receptor would swim in the canal for 26 days per year for 2.6 hours per day. Although the RME scenario indicated a slight risk above USEPA target levels, the CTE scenario (using more realistic but conservative assumptions of an exposure frequency of 13 days per year and an exposure time of 1.3 hours per day) indicated a risk within USEPA acceptable risk levels. For the purposes of this risk assessment, the angler population is defined as those individuals who consume self-caught fish from the Gowanus Canal at least once per year, in the absence of a fishing ban or fish consumption advisories. Sources of uncertainty in the PCB concentrations in fish used in the assessment include the fact that concentrations were averaged over location, and weighted by species. The weighting of species intake in order to derive an average EPC in fish is a source of uncertainty because there are limited sitespecific data available to estimate the species ingestion preferences (e.g., weighting factors). Cancer risks and noncancer health hazards were not specifically quantified for subsistence anglers, or other subpopulations of anglers who may be highly exposed. Although there are no known distinct subpopulations that may be highly exposed, there is some degree of uncertainty as to whether these subpopulations have been adequately addressed in this risk assessment. As described in Section 5.3.2, reported cooking losses vary considerably among the numerous studies reviewed. However, little information is available to quantify personal preferences among anglers for various preparation and cooking methods and other related habits (such as consumption of pan drippings). The assumption that there is no loss of PCBs during cooking or preparation, used in the RME cancer risk and noncarcinogenic hazard calculations, is conservative and could overestimate cancer risks and noncarcinogenic hazards. The sediment/skin adherence factor represents the amount of sediment that adheres to skin and is available for dermal exposure. Because this value is likely to vary based on ones activity, the values used for this parameter, which are estimates from single activities, are somewhat uncertain. For dermal contact with canal sediments, published adherence factors for adults gathering reeds and for children playing in wet soils were used as a surrogate for recreational children and adults and children. Although it is somewhat uncertain whether these scenarios are representative of contact with canal sediments, they appear to be a reasonable use of available data. Commercial PCB mixtures tested in laboratory animals were not subject to prior selective retention of persistent congeners through the food chain, so there is a potential that

carcinogenic risks and noncarcinogenic hazards have been underestimated. However, since the CSFs are based on animal exposures to a group of PCB mixtures (i.e., Aroclor 1260, 1254, 1242, and 1016) that contain overlapping groups of congeners spanning the range of congeners most often found in environmental mixtures, this source of potential uncertainty is unlikely to have a significant impact. The fact that any previous exposures (either background, or past consumption of contaminated fish) may still be reflected in an individual's body burden today is an additional source of uncertainty, and may result in an underestimate of noncarcinogenic health hazards. The risk assessment assumed that people would consume both the combined muscle (edible portion) and hepatopancreas from blue crab. This may result in an overestimation of risk, as many crabbers do not consume the hepatopancreas, and some chemicals, such as PCBs and mercury, accumulate in the hepatopancreas. However, the hepatopancreas is small compared to the edible portion of the fish, and therefore, although concentrations may be higher in the hepatopancreas, it contributes a small amount of the total amount of crab consumed by the receptor. Therefore, it would not significantly change the total amount of contaminants consumed. Dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations, non-dioxin-like PCB concentrations, and total PCB concentrations were calculated for each sample using detected PCB congeners only. In general, if the nondetected dioxin congeners were included in the sample concentration calculations, the non-dioxin-like PCB concentrations and the total PCB concentrations would be similar to those used in the risk assessment and the resulting risks would not differ significantly. The dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations would not always be similar, since if the most toxic congener (3,3,4,4,5-Pentachlorobiphenyl [126]) was not detected in a sample, inclusion of this congener at the detection limit times the TEF would contribute significantly to the dioxin-like PCB TEQ, even if it was not detected. Therefore, this may result in an underestimation of actual risk if this congener was present in the sample at a concentration below the reporting limit. However, when this congener was detected in a sample, it was generally J flagged as detected below the reporting limit, so it is unlikely that it would be present in the samples at concentrations similar to reporting limits, and it would likely be present at much lower concentrations and not contribute significantly to the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentration for the sample. Additionally, congeners that were B qualified, indicating they were detected in a laboratory or field blank at a concentration similar to that in the sample, were not included in the concentration calculation. There were a number of samples with B-qualified congeners, which may result in an underestimation of risk if these congeners are present in the samples at a concentration below the blank contamination level. However, the B-qualified concentrations were generally below the reporting limits. There are inherent limitations and uncertainties associated with estimating health risks on the basis of fish and crab consumption that should be considered when interpreting the results of this HHRA. Factors contributing to these uncertainties include the following: Game fish and blue crab ranges are not limited to the canal, but reflect cumulative uptake from all areas they traverse. Blue crab and some of the game fish species kept by anglers have relatively large home ranges, and those caught within the canal are likely, at least in part, to have inhabited areas outside the canal and therefore to have been

potentially exposed to contaminants not related to the canal. However, differences between canal and reference concentrations of PCBs in fish and crab tissue and sediment were identified, with canal media having higher concentrations. Assumptions regarding fishing/crabbing frequency and fish/crab consumption rates are variable and affect the estimates of exposure and associated risk.

8.3 Uncertainty Associated with Toxicity Assessment


Uncertainty associated with the noncarcinogenic toxicity factors is included in Table 5.1 in the Attachment. The USEPA applies several UFs to extrapolate doses from animal studies to humans. The UFs for the COPCs range from 1 to 3,000. Therefore, there is a high degree of uncertainty in the noncarcinogenic toxicity criteria based on the available scientific data. The noncarcinogenic toxicity factors used in the HHRA are expected to be overestimates of actual toxicity. CSFs and IURs developed by USEPA represent upper-bound estimates. Carcinogenic risks generated in this assessment should be regarded as an upper-bound estimate on the potential carcinogenic risks. The true ELCR is likely to be less than the predicted value (USEPA, 1989). Use of provisional or withdrawn toxicity factors increases the uncertainty of the quantitative hazard and risk estimates. Provisional toxicity values (from Cal EPA, PPRTV, ATSDR, and NCEA) were used in the HHRA. The provisional values were used to provide a quantitative estimate rather than a merely qualitative risk discussion; however, USEPA has not fully promulgated these toxicity values. The TEFs used to adjust the concentrations of the dioxin-like PCB congeners to TEQ of dioxin for the sediment and fish/crab also results in uncertainty in the risk assessment. In particular, although the TEF scheme and TEQ methodology is intended primarily for estimating exposure and risk through ingestion (primarily dietary intakes; USEPA, 2010c), it was also used to estimate exposure and risk through dermal contact. Additionally, not using the dioxin-like PCB congener TEQ to evaluate noncarcinogenic risks may underestimate the noncarcinogenic hazard associated with exposure to the PCBs. However, there is a lot of uncertainty with use of this process, and even more uncertainty with use of it for noncarcinogenic hazards since the TEFs are based on the relationship of the PCB congeners to the carcinogenic risks associated with dioxin. Although, there is a large degree of uncertainty associated with use of this method for noncarcinogenic-hazard evaluation, noncarcinogenic hazards were estimated as part of the uncertainty evaluation. Noncarcinogenic hazards were calculated for the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations for sediment and fish/crab using the RfD for 2,3,7,8-TCDD from the 1998 dioxin ATSDR toxicity profile. It should be noted that use of this RfD in itself presents a source of uncertainty, as the ATSDR toxicity profiles are a Tier 3 source of toxicity information. Noncarcinogenic hazards were calculated for the non-dioxin-like PCB concentrations using the RfD for Aroclor 1254. The sum of the noncarcinogenic hazards associated with the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations and the non-dioxin-like PCB concentrations for all receptors for sediment and fish/crab are below 1 and in most cases are less than the noncarcinogenic hazards associated with the total PCB concentration, which were estimated using the total PCB concentrations and the RfD for Aroclor 1254. Therefore, evaluation of

the noncarcinogenic hazards for the dioxin-like PCB TEQ concentrations does not change the conclusions of the HHRA.

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SECTION 9

Human Health Risk Summary


The risk assessment was conducted to evaluate the potential human health risks associated with direct contact with sediment and surface water in the Gowanus Canal, with ingestion of fish and crabs from the canal, with direct contact of sediment and surface water that overtops the canal during significant rainfall events, and with inhalation of emissions from the canal into the ambient air near the canal. Table 5 and Tables 9.1.RME through 9.10.RME in the Attachment summarize the RME ELCRs and HIs. Table 6 and Tables 9.1.CTE through 9.9CTE in the Attachment summarize the CTE ELCRs and HIs. Estimated HIs and ELCRs associated with exposure to canalrelated media indicate the potential for unacceptable risks based on exposure to some media by some receptor groups. Risk estimates are summarized below: Recreational receptors (adult, adolescent, and child) Exposures are to surface water and surface sediment (from exposed and near-shore locations) in the canal and to ambient air at canal level while swimming in the canal for 26 days per year for 2.6 hours each day (very conservative assumptions given the nature of the canal and current CSO discharges). HIs and ELCRs (RME) for inhalation of canal level air are within USEPA acceptable levels. Total HI (RME) (all media combined) for all recreational receptors is within acceptable risk levels. Total ELCR (RME) for recreational receptor (1 10-3) exceeds USEPAs target risk range, primarily because of carcinogenic PAHs in surface water and sediment above background levels (see Sections 4.3.2 and 4.4.5 of the RI). Total HI (CTE) for all recreational receptors are below USEPAs target level. Total ELCR (CTE) for recreational receptor (3 10-4) exceeds USEPAs target levels and ranges; the CTE scenario may be more representative of likely exposure (although still conservative, at an assumed swimming frequency of 13 days per year for 1.3 hours per day). The risk is primarily associated with exposure to the young child (67 percent of the risk). Exposure to lead in sediment by adult and adolescent recreational receptors was demonstrated not to be a concern using the adult lead model. The IEUBK model indicated potential adverse effects for children exposed to lead in sediment and surface water; however, the model is based on residential exposure to these media, including using the surface water as a potable water supply. Therefore, it is unlikely, based on a more-realistic recreational exposure, that there would be any adverse effects based on exposure to recreational children.

Industrial workers and residential receptors (adult and child)

9-1

Exposures are to ambient air at street level and surface water and sediment associated with canal overflow. Total HI and ELCR (RME) for industrial workers are below or within USEPAs target levels. Total HIs (RME) for residential adults (Total HI equals 1, calculated value is 1.1) and for children (Total HI equals 1, calculated value is 1.3) do not exceed USEPAs target level of 1. Inhalation of ambient air at street level contributes over 75 percent of the hazard. No target organ HIs exceed USEPAs target levels. HIs (RME) for exposure to surface water and sediment are within USEPA acceptable levels. ELCRs (RME) for inhalation of street level air are within USEPA acceptable levels. ELCR (RME) for lifetime (child/adult) resident (3 10-4) exceeds USEPAs acceptable level primarily associated with carcinogenic PAHs in sediment (with a smaller contribution from surface water below 1 10-4) that were above background levels (see Sections 4.3.2 and 4.4.5 of the RI). Exposure to lead in sediment by industrial workers was demonstrated not to be a concern using the adult lead model. The IEUBK model indicated potential adverse effects for children exposed to lead in sediment and surface water; however, the model is based on residential exposure to these media, including using the surface water as a potable water supply. Therefore, it is unlikely, on the basis of a more realistic exposure, that there would be any adverse effects based on recreational childrens exposure to lead.

Anglers (adult, adolescent, and child) Exposure is from ingestion of fish (striped bass [representative of top level predators], white perch [representative of middle level predators], and eel [representative of bottom feeders]) and crab caught in the Gowanus Canal. Assuming that fishing/crabbing and ingestion of fish/crab from the Gowanus Canal occur at typical recreational angler fish consumption rates is very conservative given the nature of the canal and current CSO discharges to the canal. Total Fish HIs (RME) (all fish types) for adults (17), adolescents (13), and children (27) exceed acceptable risk levels, primarily because of PCBs. The ingestion of striped bass and eel contributed higher HIs than ingestion of white perch (which for the child only did contribute to HI above 1). Additionally, mercury contributed to the HIs, at HIs above 0.1 but below 1. Total Crab HIs (RME) for adults (37), adolescents (3), and children (5) exceed acceptable risk levels, primarily because of PCBs. Additionally, mercury and arsenic contributed to the HIs, at HIs above 0.1 but below 1.0. Average PCB concentrations in canal samples are about twice the average PCB concentrations in reference samples; however, concentrations of PCBs in reference samples would also result in HIs and ELCRs above acceptable risk levels.

9-2

Total Fish ELCR (RME) for angler (7 10-4) exceeds USEPAs target risk range, primarily because of PCBs. Total Crab ELCR (RME) for angler (3 10-4) exceeds USEPAs target risk range, primarily because of PCBs. Total Fish HIs (CTE) for adults (2.0), adolescents (1.7), and children (3.2) exceed USEPAs target level; these are associated with PCBs in fish and crab. Total Crab HIs (CTE) for adults (2) and children (3) exceed USEPAs target level; these are associated with PCBs. Total HI (CTE) for adolescents (Total HI equals 1, calculated as 1.3) does not exceed USEPAs target level. Total Fish ELCR (CTE) for angler receptor is within USEPAs target range; the CTE scenario may be more representative of consumption of fish for the Gowanus Canal (although still conservative). Total Crab ELCR (CTE) for angler receptor is within USEPAs target range; the CTE scenario may be more representative of consumption of crab for the Gowanus Canal (although still conservative). A primary contributor to fish consumption risk is PCBs in tissues of fish caught from the canal. This conclusion is supported by NYDOHs decision to issue fish consumption advisories for the Upper Bay of the New York Harbor (north of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge), including the Gowanus Canal (NYSDOH, 2010) in part on the basis of PCB concentrations present in fish. Reference area average PCB fish concentrations are about one half the average concentrations identified in canal fish. However, these would also result in risks above acceptable risk levels.

9-3

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SECTION 10

References
Ambruster, G., K.G. Gerow, W.H. Gutenmann, C.B. Littman, and D.J. Lisk. 1987. The effectsof several methods of fish preparation on residues of polychlorinated biphenyls and sensory characteristics in striped bass. Journal of Food Safety 8:235-243. ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. August. ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 2008. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. September. Burger, J. 2002. Consumption Patterns and Why People Fish. Environmental Research Section A 90, 125135. Connelly, Nancy A., Barbara A. Knuth, and Carole A. Bisogni. 1992. Effects of the Health Advisory and Advisory Changes on Fishing Habits and Fish Consumption in New York Sport Fisheries. Report for New York Sea Grant Institute Project No. R/FHD-2=PD. September. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). 2007. Flood Insurance Rate Map 360490211F. September 5. Gowanus Dredgers Canoe Club. 2010. Welcome to the Gowanus Dredgers Canoe Club. Available at http://www.waterfrontmuseum.org/dredgers/home.html. Gowanus Lounge. November 6, 2007. Yummy Blue Plate Special: Gowanus Canal Blue Fish. Available at http://gowanuslounge.blogspot.com/2007/11/yummy-blue-platespecial-gowanus-canal.html. May, H., and J. Burger. 1996. Fishing in a Polluted Estuary: Fishing Behavior, Fish Consumption, and Potential Risk. Risk Analysis. Vol. 16, no. 4. pp. 459471. McCarroll N., N. Keshava, J, Chen, G. Akerman, A. Kligerman, and E. Rinde. 2010. An evaluation of the mode of action framework for mutagenic carcinogens case study II: Chromium (VI), Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 89111, March. Moya, J., K.G. Garrahan, T.M. Poston, G.S. Durell. 1998. Effects of cooking on levels of PCBs in the fillets of winter flounder. Bull. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol. 60:845-851. New York Times. 2007. Divers Who Jump in to Take the Mystery out of City Waterways. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/27/nyregion/27divers.html?_r=1. November 27. NJDEP (New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection). 2002. Estimate of Cancer Risk to Consumers of Crabs Caught in the Area of the Diamond Alkali Site and Other Areas of the Newark Bay Complex from 2,3,7,8-TCDD and 2,3,7,8-TCDD Equivalents. Prepared by

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the Division of Science, Research and Technology (April 25). Available at http://www.state.nj.us/dep/dsr/craboutreach/crabsra.pdf. NYCDEP (New York City Department of Environmental Protection). 2008. Gowanus Canal Waterbody/Watershed Facility Plan Report. New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Engineering Design and Construction. City-wide Long Term CSO Control Planning Project. August. NYSDOH (New York State Department of Health). 2010. Chemicals in Sportfish and Game, 20102011 Health Advisories. Available at http://www.health.state.ny.us/environmental/ outdoors/fish/docs/fish.pdf . Skea, J.C., H.A. Simonin, E.J. Harris, S. Jackling, and J.J. Spagnoli. 1979. Reducing levels of mirex, arochlor 1254, and DDE by trimming and cooking Lake Ontario brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) and smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui lacepede). J Great Lakes Res. 5(2):153-159. USEPA. 1986. Guidelines for Health Risk Assessment of Chemical Mixtures. Federal Register, Vol. 51 34041. September. USEPA. 1989. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund, Volume 1, Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A, Interim Final. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA/540/1-89/002. USEPA. 1991. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol. 1: Human Health Evaluation Manual-Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. USEPA Region 2. 1992. Evaluation of Metals Data for the Contract Laboratory Program (SOP HW-2, Revision 11). January. USEPA. 1993. Superfunds Standard Default Exposure Factors for the Central Tendency and Reasonable Maximum Exposure. Washington, DC. USEPA. 1994a. National Oil and Hazardous Substances Contingency Plan. September 15. USEPA. 1994b. Revised Interim Soil Lead Guidance for CERCLA Sites and RCRA Corrective Action Facilities. OSWER Directive 9355.4-12. July 14. USEPA. 1994c. Guidance Manual for the IEUBK Model for Lead in Children. PB93-963510, OSWER 9285.7-15-1. February. USEPA. 1995. Health Assessment Document for Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office. Cincinnati, OH. EPA 600/8-84-014F. USEPA. 1996. PCBs: Cancer Dose-Response Assessment and Application to Environmental Mixtures. EPA/600/P-96/001F. September. USEPA. 1997. Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, -Fb, and -Fc. USEPA. 2000. Guidance for Assessing Chemical Contaminant Data for Use in Fish Advisories. Volume 2: Risk Assessment and Fish Consumption Limits - Third Edition. Appendix C. Dose Modifications Due to Food Preparation and Cooking. EPA 823-B-00-008. November.

USEPA. 2001a. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund, Volume 1, Human Health Evaluation Manual Part D, Standardized Planning, Reporting, and Review of Superfund Risk Assessments. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. OSWER 9285.7-47. December. USEPA Region 2. 2001b. Data Validation SOP for Statement of Work OLM04.2 (SOP HW-6, Revision 12). March. USEPA. 2002. Supplemental Guidance for Developing Soil Screening Levels for Superfund Sites. OSWER 9355.4-24. December. USEPA. 2003a. Human Health Toxicity Values in Superfund Risk Assessments. OSWER Directive 9285.7-53. December. USEPA. 2003b. Recommendations of the Technical Review Workgroup for Lead for an Approach to Assessing Risks Associated with Adult Exposure to Lead in Soil. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. OSWER 9285.7-54. January. USEPA. 2004. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund, Volume 1, Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Interim. OSWER 9285.7-02EP. July. USEPA. 2005a. Guidelines for Carcinogenic Risk Assessment. EPA/630/P-03/001F. March. USEPA. 2005b. Supplemental Guidance for Assessing Susceptibility from Early-Life Exposure to Carcinogens. EPA/630/R-03/003F. March. USEPA. 2006. Derivation of RBCs for Carcinogens that Act Via a Mutagenic Mode of Action and Incorporate Default ADAFs. Region 3. October. USEPA. 2009. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part F, Supplemental Guidance for Inhalation Risk Assessment). Final. EPA-540-R-070-002. OSWER 9285.7-82. Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation. January. USEPA. 2010a. ProUCL, Version 4.00.05. Prepared by Lockheed Martin Environmental Services. May. USEPA. 2010b. EPA Regional Screening Level Summary Table. May USEPA Region 3. 2010c. Regional Screening Level Fish Ingestion Table November 2010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/reg3hwmd/risk/human/index.htm. December. USEPA. 2010d. Recommended Toxicity Equivalence Factors (TEFs) for Human Health Risk Assessments of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and Dioxin-Like Compounds. Risk Assessment Forum, Washington, DC. EPA/100/R-10/005. USEPA. 2010e. Integrated Risk Information System database. USEPA. 2010f. IEUBKWin32 Lead Model for Windows, Version 1.1, Build 11. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead/products.htm#guid U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA). 1993. Guidance Documents for Trace Elements in Seafood. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. January.

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TABLE 4-1 Summary of Data Quantitatively Used in HHRA Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Date of Sampling 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/18/2010 6/23/2010 6/23/2010 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 6/23/2010 6/23/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/21/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 6/21/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 Surface water dry-weather event 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 Sample Location 301 302 303 304 305 306 307A 307B 308A 308A 308B 309 310 311 312 313 314 314 314 315 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 324 325 301 302 303 304 305 306 307A 307B 308A 308B 309 310 311 312 312 313 314 315

Medium Surface sediment

Sample GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD302-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5


2

Parameters VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals
2 2

2 2

GC-SD304-0.0-0.5
2

GC-SD306-0.0-0.5 GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 D-062310-011


1,2 2 2

VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, PCB congeners, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5

GC-SD310-0.0-0.52 GC-SD311-0.0-0.5 GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 GC-SD314-0.0-0.52 D-06182010-011,2 D-06242010-011,2 D-06182010-021 GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 GC-SD316-0.0-0.52 GC-SD317-0.0-0.5 GC-SD318-0.0-0.52 GC-SD319-0.0-0.52 GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 GC-SD322-0.0-0.5 GC-SD323-0.0-0.5 GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 D-06212010-011 GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SW301-0.5-DW GC-SW302-0.5-DW GC-SW303-0.5-DW GC-SW304-0.5-DW GC-SW305-0.5-DW GC-SW306-0.5-DW GC-SW307A-0.5-DW GC-SW307B-0.5-DW GC-SW308A-0.5-DW GC-SW308B-0.5-DW GC-SW309-0.5-DW GC-SW310-0.5-DW GC-SW311-0.5-DW GC-SW312-0.5-DW D-06192010-021 GC-SW313-0.5-DW GC-SW314-0.5-DW GC-SW315-0.5-DW

1 of 22

TABLE 4-1 Summary of Data Quantitatively Used in HHRA Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Date of Sampling 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 6/19/2010 Surface water wet-weather event 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 Sample Location 316 316 317 318 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 301 302 303 303 304 305 306 307A 307B 308A 308B 309 310 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 319 320 321 322 323 324 324

Medium Surface water dry-weather event (continued)

Sample GC-SW316-0.5-DW D-06192010-03


1

Parameters VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pest, PCBs, Metals

GC-SW317-0.5-DW GC-SW318-0.5-DW D-06192010-041 GC-SW319-0.5-DW GC-SW320-0.5-DW GC-SW321-0.5-DW GC-SW322-0.5-DW GC-SW323-0.5-DW GC-SW324-0.5-DW GC-SW325-0.5-DW GC-SW301-0.5-WW GC-SW302-0.5-WW GC-SW303-0.5-WW D-07132010-011 GC-SW304-0.5-WW GC-SW305-0.5-WW GC-SW306-0.5-WW GC-SW307A-0.5-WW GC-SW307B-0.5-WW GC-SW308A-0.5-WW GC-SW308B-0.5-WW GC-SW309-0.5-WW GC-SW310-0.5-WW D-07132010-021 GC-SW311-0.5-WW GC-SW312-0.5-WW GC-SW313-0.5-WW GC-SW314-0.5-WW GC-SW315-0.5-WW GC-SW316-0.5-WW GC-SW317-0.5-WW GC-SW318-0.5-WW GC-SW319-0.5-WW D-07132010-031 GC-SW320-0.5-WW GC-SW321-0.5-WW GC-SW322-0.5-WW GC-SW323-0.5-WW GC-SW324-0.5-WW D-07132010-04

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TABLE 4-1 Summary of Data Quantitatively Used in HHRA Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Date of Sampling 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 Ambient aircanal level Event 2 (after start of aeration system) 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 Ambient airstreet level Event 1 (prior to start of aeration system) 7/9/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 7/8/2010 Ambient airstreet level Event 2 (after start of aeration system) 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 Sample Location 501 502 503 504 505 505 505 506 506 507 508 509 510 501 502 503 504 505 505 506 506 507 508 509 510 501 502 503 504 504 505 506 506 507 508 509 510 501 502 503 504 504 505 506 507 508 509 510

Medium Ambient aircanal level Event 1 (prior to start of aeration system)

Sample GC-AS501-C-1 GC-AS502-C-1 GC-AS503-C-1 GC-AS504-C-13 D-07082010-02-PAH GC-AS505-C-1 D-07082010-02-VOC GC-AS506-C-1 GC-AS507-C-1
3 1 1 1

Parameters VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs PCBs VOCs, SVOCs, PCBs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs VOCs, SVOCs

D-07082010-01-VOC

GC-AS508-C-1 GC-AS509-C-1 GC-AS510-C-1 GC-AS501-C-2 GC-AS502-C-2 GC-AS503-C-2 GC-AS504-C-2 GC-AS505-C-2 D-07292010-01 D-07292010-02-VOC1 GC-AS506-C-2 GC-AS507-C-2 GC-AS508-C-2 GC-AS509-C-2 GC-AS510-C-2 GC-AS501-S-1 GC-AS502-S-1 GC-AS503-S-1 D-07082010-01-PAH1 GC-AS504-S-1 GC-AS505-S-1 D-07082010-031 GC-AS506-S-1 GC-AS507-S-1 GC-AS508-S-1 GC-AS509-S-1 GC-AS510-S-1 GC-AS501-S-2 GC-AS502-S-2 GC-AS503-S-2 D-07292010-02-PAH1 GC-AS504-S-2 GC-AS505-S-2 GC-AS506-S-2 GC-AS507-S-2 GC-AS508-S-2 GC-AS509-S-2 GC-AS510-S-2

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TABLE 4-1 Summary of Data Quantitatively Used in HHRA Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Date of Sampling 10/18/2010 10/18/2010 10/21/2010 10/22/2010 10/22/2010 Fish tissue white perch filet (representative of middlelevel predator fish) Fish tissue eel filet (representative of bottom feeder fish) 10/19/2010 10/19/2010 10/20/2010 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 10/22/2010 Crab 8/16/2010 8/16/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/18/2010 8/18/2010 8/19/2010 8/19/2010 8/19/2010 8/20/2010 8/24/2010 8/25/2010 1. Duplicate sample. 2. Sediment sample used in recreational scenario for exposure to exposed and near shore surface sediment. All sediment samples used for overflow scenario. 3. Sample not used, volume not available to calculate g/m3. 4. Edible tissue sample. 5. Hepatopancreas sample. 402 402 403 403 403 406 401 401 402 402 403 403 404 404 405 405 406 406 401-402 403-406 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-3 GC-TI406-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI401-BC-ED-14 GC-TI401-BC-ED-24 GC-TI402-BC-ED-14 GC-TI402-BC-ED-24 GC-TI403-BC-ED-14 GC-TI403-BC-ED-24 GC-TI404-BC-ED-14 GC-TI404-BC-ED-24 GC-TI405-BC-ED-14 GC-TI405-BC-ED-24 GC-TI406-BC-ED-14 GC-TI406-BC-ED-24 GC-TI401-402-BC-HP-15 GC-TI403-404-405-406-BC-HP-25 Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners SVOCs, Pest, Metals, PCB congeners 10/18/2010 10/19/2010 Sample Location 401 401 403 406 406 401 401

Medium Fish tissue striped bass filet (representative of toplevel predator fish)

Sample GC-TI401-SB-FI-1 GC-TI401-SB-FI-2 GC-TI403-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB-FI-2 GC-TI401-WP-FI-1 GC-TI401-WP-FI-2

Parameters Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners Pest, Metals, PCB congeners

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TABLE 4-2 Chemicals of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Surface Sediment (Exposed and NearShore Sediment in Gowanus Canal) Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

Surface Sediment Canal overflow scenario Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

Surface Water (Gowanus Canal) Dry-weather event Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium Wet-weather event (and surface water overflow) 1,4-Dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene

Ambient Air Canal level, pre-aeration system Striped bass p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT

Fish

Dioxin-like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-like PCB Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium White perch Dioxin-like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-like PCB Total PCB Mercury Selenium Eel alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Blue crab Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Dioxin-like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury

Canal level, during aeration system operation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Street level, pre-aeration system Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Street level, during aeration system operation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

TABLE 5-1 WHO Dioxin-like PCB TEFs Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York PCB Congener 3,3',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl (77) 3,4,4',5-Tetrachlorobiphenyl (81) 2,3,3',4,4'-Pentachlorobiphenyl (105) 2,3,4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (114) 2,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (118) 2,3',4,4',5'-Pentachlorobiphenyl (123) 3,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (126) Congeners (156/157) 2,3',4,4',5,5'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (167) 3,3',4,4',5,5'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (169) 2,3,3',4,4',5,5'-Heptachlorobiphenyl (189)
a

WHO TEFa,b 0.0001 0.0003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.1 0.00003 0.00003 0.03 0.00003

Van den Berg et al., 2006. The 2005 World Health Organization Re-evaluation of Human and Mammalian Toxic Equivalency Factors for Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds. ToxSci Advance Acces. July 7.
b

USEPA. 2010c. Recommended Toxicity Equivalence Factors (TEFs) for Human Health Risk Assessments of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and Dioxin-Like Compounds. Risk Assessment Forum, Washington, DC. EPA/100/R-10/005.

TABLE 5-2 Preparation/Cooking Loss Factor (PCF) for Fish Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York COPC Chlordane Dieldrin p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT PCBs
a

PCFa 33 30 30 35 30 20

USEPA. 2000. Guidance for Assessing Chemical Contaminant Data for Use in Fish Advisories. Volume 2: Risk Assessment and Fish Consumption Limits - Third Edition. Appendix C. Dose Modifications Due to Food Preparation and Cooking. November. EPA 823-B-00-008.

TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Adult Media Exposure Route Ingestion Cancer Risk 2E-05 Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Nondioxin-like PCBs Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Nondioxin-like PCBs, Arsenic Arsenic Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Arsenic Arsenic Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Arsenic, Chromium 0.03 Chemicals with HI>1

Surface sedimentexposed and Dermal near-shore sediment in Contact Gowanus Canal

1E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene, Chromium

0.13

Total Ingestion

1E-04 2E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene, Chromium

0.2 0.01

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event

Dermal Contact

2E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

Chromium

0.03

Total Ingestion

2E-04 2E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene

Chromium PCE, Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene PCE, Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene

0.04 0.01

Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event Ambient air at canal level, pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level, after aeration system started All media

Dermal Contact

1E-04

0.02

Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Total

1E-04 2E-07 2E-07 3E-07 3E-07 3E-04

0.03 0.006 0.006 0.007 0.007 0.2

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TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Adolescent Media Exposure Route Ingestion Cancer Risk 1E-05 Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium
Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium

Chemicals with HI>1

0.03

Surface sedimentexposed and Dermal near-shore sediment in Contact Gowanus Canal

8E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.2

Total Ingestion

1E-04 9E-07

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.2 0.01

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event

Dermal Contact

1E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.03

Total Ingestion

1E-04 8E-07

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.05 0.01

Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event

Dermal Contact

8E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

Ambient air at canal level, pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level, after aeration system started All media

Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Total

8E-05 6E-08 6E-08 7E-08 7E-08 2E-04

PCE, Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium PCE, Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium

0.02

0.04 0.006 0.006 0.007 0.007 0.2

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TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Child Media Exposure Route Cancer Risk Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 Chemicals with HI>1

Ingestion Surface sedimentexposed and near-shore sediment in Dermal Gowanus Canal Contact

2E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium

Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Arsenic, Chromium

0.3

2E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene

0.2

Total Ingestion

4E-04 6E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(k)fluoranthene, Arsenic Benzo(a)pyrene, Arsenic, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Arsenic Arsenic, Chromium PCE, Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene PCE, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Arsenic

0.4 0.05

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event

Dermal Contact

4E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.05

Total Ingestion

4E-04 4E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium

0.1 0.05

Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event Ambient air at canal level, pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level, after aeration system started All media

Dermal Contact

3E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.04

Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Total

3E-04 6E-08 6E-08 7E-08 7E-08 8E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

0.09 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.5

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TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Media Receptor Recreational Industrial Ambient air at street Worker Adult level, pre-aeration system operation Exposure Route Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Cancer Risk 2E-05 2E-05 3E-05 3E-05 1E-05 1E-05 Benzo(a)pyrene Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Benzo(a)pyrene, Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium PCE, Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium PCE, Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.02 0.02 Chemicals with HI>1

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started

Sediment deposited Ingestion in areas adjacent to Dermal Contact Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Total Ingestion

2E-05 5E-07

0.04 0.01

Canal Overflowsurface water

Dermal Contact

3E-05

0.006

Total Resident Adult

All media
Ambient air at street level, pre-aeration system operation Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total

3E-05 8E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

0.02 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 0.02 0.03 0.06 0.004 0.002 0.006 1.1

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow Canal Overflowsurface water All media

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TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Media Receptor Recreational Resident Ambient air at street Child level, pre-aeration system operation Exposure Route Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Cancer Risk NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2E-05 2E-05 4E-05 4E-05 1E-04 Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(a)pyrene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Benzene, Chloroform Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Arsenic, Chromium PCE, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium PCE, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.07 0.3 0.02 0.005 0.02 1.3 NA NA NA NA NA Chemicals with HI>1

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow Canal Overflowsurface water
Resident Child/Adult

All media
Ambient air at street level, pre-aeration system operation

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal Dermal Contact overflow

Ingestion

7E-05

Total Ingestion

2E-04 2E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

NA

NA NA

Canal Overflowsurface water

Dermal Contact

6E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

NA

Total

All media

6E-05 3E-04

12 of 22

NA NA

TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Angler Adult Media Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Exposure Route Ingestion Total Cancer Risk 1E-04 1E-04 2E-05 2E-05 3E-04 3E-04 Nondioxin-Like PCB, Dioxin-Like PCB Nondioxin-Like PCB, Dioxin-Like PCB Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10 Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard Chemicals -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index with HI>1 Risks >10 and <10 Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Arsenic Total PCB 4.2 Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Arsenic Total PCB 4.2 Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB 0.8 Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB 0.8 Dieldrin, Chromium Dieldrin, Chromium Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene 12 12 Total PCB Total PCB

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish) Total
Ingestion

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk
Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish)

2E-04

3.4

Total PCB

Total

2E-04 4E-04 2E-04 2E-05 2E-05 4E-06 4E-06 7E-05 7E-05

3.4 17 3.4 3.4 3.4 0.7 0.7 9.4 9.4

Total PCB

Angler Adolescent

Ingestion Total

Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxinlike, Arsenic Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB, Arsenic Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Dieldrin, Chromium Dieldrin, Chromium Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic

Total PCB Total PCB

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish) Total Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk

Total PCB Total PCB

Ingestion Total

4E-05 4E-05 9E-05 4E-05

Dioxin-Like PCB Dioxin-Like PCB

2.7 2.7 13 2.7

Total PCB Total PCB

13 of 22

TABLE 7-1 Summary of RME Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Angler Child Media Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Exposure Route Ingestion Total Cancer Risk 4E-05 4E-05 8E-06 8E-06 2E-04 2E-04
Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Chromium Nondioxin-Like PCB, Chromium

Chemicals with -4 Cancer Risks >10

Chemicals with Cancer Chemicals with Cancer Risks Hazard -5 -4 >10-6 and <10-5 Index Risks >10 and <10 Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB Arsenic Arsenic Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, NondioxinLike PCB Dieldrin, Arsenic Dieldrin, Arsenic Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Arsenic Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Arsenic 6.8 6.8 1.4 1.4 19 19

Chemicals with HI>1 Total PCB Total PCB Total PCB Total PCB Total PCB Total PCB

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish)
Total

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk

Ingestion Total

9E-05 9E-05 2E-04 9E-05

Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Benzo(a)pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Benzo(a)pyrene

5.5 5.5 27 5.5

Total PCB Total PCB

NANot applicable, pathway incomplete. Receptor Total risks and hazards for recreational receptors includes sum of exposed and near-shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to aeration system operation and after aeration system started. Receptor Total risks and hazards for residential and industrial receptors includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

14 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Adult Media Exposure Route Cancer Risk 6E-07 7E-06 8E-06 3E-08 8E-06 8E-06 3E-08 Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Hazard Index 7E-03 7E-02 7E-02 1E-03 7E-03 9E-03 1E-03 Chemicals with HI>1

Ingestion Surface Dermal sedimentexposed and Contact near-shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Total
Ingestion Dermal Contact

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event All media

Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene

Total Ingestion Dermal Contact

5E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene

6E-03

Total Recreational Adolescent Ingestion Dermal Surface sedimentexposed and Contact near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Ingestion Dermal Contact

5E-06 2E-05 2E-06

Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Chromium Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Chromium Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene

7E-03 8E-02 9E-03

3E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

8E-02

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event All media

3E-05 6E-08 3E-05 3E-05 5E-08

Benzo(a)pyrene

9E-02 2E-03 8E-03 1E-02 2E-03

Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene

2E-05

6E-03

Total

2E-05 5E-05

8E-03 1E-01

15 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Child Media Exposure Route Cancer Risk Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, Chromium Hazard Index Chemicals with HI>1

Ingestion Surface sedimentexposed and near-shore sediment in Dermal Gowanus Canal Contact

4E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

6E-02

7E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

8E-02

Total Ingestion

1E-04 5E-07

Benzo(a)pyrene

1E-01 7E-03

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event

Dermal Contact

1E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene

1E-02

Total Ingestion

1E-04 3E-07

Benzo(a)pyrene

2E-02 6E-03

Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event

Dermal Contact

7E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

1E-02

Total

All media

7E-05 2E-04

Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

2E-02 2E-01

16 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Resident Adult Media Ambient air at street level, pre-aeration system operation Exposure Route Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Ingestion Dermal Contact Total Cancer Risk NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Hazard Index 3E-01 3E-01 7E-01 7E-01 6E-03 2E-02 2E-02 5E-04 6E-04 1E-03 7E-01 3E-01 3E-01 7E-01 7E-01 6E-02 4E-02 9E-02 2E-03 1E-03 4E-03 8E-01 Chemicals with HI>1

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow Canal overflowsurface water
Resident Child

All media
Ambient air at street level, pre-aeration system operation

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow Canal overflowsurface water All media

17 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Resident Child/Adult Media Ambient air at street level, pre-aeration system operation Exposure Route Inhalation Total Inhalation Total Cancer Risk 5E-06 5E-06 1E-05 1E-05 Benzo(a)pyrene Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Naphthalene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Hazard Index NA NA NA NA Chemicals with HI>1

Ambient air at street level, after aeration system started

Ingestion

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Dermal Gowanus Canal associated with canal Contact overflow
Total Ingestion

3E-05

NA

2E-05

Benzo(a)pyrene

NA

5E-05 2E-07

Benzo(a)pyrene

NA NA

Canal overflowsurface water

Dermal Contact

1E-05

NA

Total

All media

1E-05 8E-05

NA NA

18 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Angler Adult Media Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Exposure Route Ingestion Total Cancer Risk 1E-06 1E-06 1E-07 1E-07 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Hazard Index 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 Chemicals with HI>1

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish)
Total

3E-06

Dioxin-Like PCB

1.2

Total PCB

3E-06

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

1E-05

Dioxin-Like PCB Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic

1.2

Total PCB

2.3

Total PCB

Total

Angler Adolescent

Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk


Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Ingestion Total

1E-05 4E-06 1E-05 8E-07 8E-07 9E-08 9E-08

2.3 1.7 2.3 0.4 0.4 0.04 0.04

Total PCB

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish)
Total

3E-06

Dioxin-Like PCB

0.9

3E-06

Dioxin-Like PCB Benzo(a)pyrene, DioxinLike PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Benzo(a)pyrene, DioxinLike PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic

0.9

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk

Ingestion Total

1E-05

0.6

1E-05 4E-06 1E-05

0.6 1.3 0.6

19 of 22

TABLE 7-2 Summary of CTE Cancer Risks and Hazard Indexes Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Receptor Recreational Angler Child Media Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Exposure Route Ingestion Total Cancer Risk 2E-06 2E-06 2E-07 2E-07 Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Chromium Dioxin-Like PCB, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Chromium Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Benzo(a)pyrene, Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, Nondioxin-Like PCB, Arsenic Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-5 and <10-4 Chemicals with Cancer Risks >10-6 and <10-5 Hazard Index 0.7 0.7 0.08 0.08 Chemicals with HI>1

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish)
Total

7E-06

1.9

Total PCB

7E-06

1.9

Total PCB

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

3E-05

Dioxin-Like PCB

3.6

Total

Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk

3E-05 9E-06 3E-05

Dioxin-Like PCB

3.6 2.7 3.6

NANot applicable, pathway incomplete. Receptor Total risks and hazards for recreational receptors includes sum of exposed and near-shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to aeration system operation and after aeration system started. Receptor Total risks and hazards for residential and industrial receptors includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

20 of 22

TABLE 7-4 Summary of Total RME Cancer Risks for Recreational User and Angler Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Media Exposure Pathway Recreational adult Cancer Risk Ingestion Surface sedimentexposed and Dermal near-shore sediment in Total Gowanus Canal 2E-05 1E-04 1E-04 2E-06 2E-04 2E-04 2E-06 1E-04 1E-04 2E-07 2E-07 3E-07 3E-07 3E-04 Angler adult Cancer Risk Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish) Ingestion Total 1E-04 1E-04 2E-05 2E-05 3E-04 3E-04 2E-04 2E-04 4E-04 2E-04 Receptor Recreational Adolescent Cancer Recreational Child Risk Cancer Risk 1E-05 8E-05 1E-04 9E-07 1E-04 1E-04 8E-07 8E-05 8E-05 6E-08 6E-08 7E-08 7E-08 2E-04 2E-04 2E-04 4E-04 6E-06 4E-04 4E-04 4E-06 3E-04 3E-04 6E-08 6E-08 7E-08 7E-08 8E-04

Total Recreational Cancer Risk 3E-04 4E-04 7E-04 9E-06 7E-04 7E-04 7E-06 4E-04 5E-04 4E-07 4E-07 4E-07 4E-07 1E-03

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event Ambient air at canal level, pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level, after aeration system started All media1

Ingestion Dermal Total Ingestion Dermal Total

Inhalation

Total
Inhalation

Total

Angler Adolescent Angler Child Cancer Total Angler Cancer Cancer Risk Risk Risk 2E-05 2E-05 4E-06 4E-06 7E-05 7E-05 4E-05 4E-05 9E-05 4E-05 4E-05 4E-05 8E-06 8E-06 2E-04 2E-04 9E-05 9E-05 2E-04 9E-05 2E-04 2E-04 3E-05 3E-05 5E-04 5E-04 3E-04 3E-04 7E-04 3E-04

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish) Total Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk
1

Ingestion Total

Total risk includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started

21 of 22

TABLE 7-5 Summary of Total CTE Cancer Risks for Recreational User and Angler Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Media Exposure Pathway Recreational adult Cancer Risk Ingestion Surface sedimentexposed and Dermal near-shore sediment in Total Gowanus Canal 6E-07 7E-06 8E-06 3E-08 8E-06 8E-06 3E-08 5E-06 5E-06 2E-05 Angler adult Cancer Risk Ingestion Total 1E-06 1E-06 1E-07 1E-07 3E-06 3E-06 1E-05 1E-05 4E-06 1E-05 Receptor Recreational Adolescent Cancer Recreational Child Risk Cancer Risk 2E-06 3E-05 3E-05 6E-08 3E-05 3E-05 5E-08 2E-05 2E-05 4E-05 7E-05 1E-04 5E-07 1E-04 1E-04 3E-07 7E-05 7E-05 Total Recreational Cancer Risk 5E-05 1E-04 1E-04 6E-07 1E-04 1E-04 4E-07 9E-05 9E-05

Surface waterGowanus Canal, dry-weather event Surface waterGowanus Canal, wet-weather event All media1

Ingestion Dermal Total Ingestion Dermal Total

5E-05 2E-04 3E-04 Angler Adolescent Angler Child Cancer Total Angler Cancer Cancer Risk Risk Risk 8E-07 8E-07 9E-08 9E-08 3E-06 3E-06 1E-05 1E-05 4E-06 1E-05 2E-06 2E-06 2E-07 2E-07 7E-06 7E-06 3E-05 3E-05 9E-06 3E-05 3E-06 3E-06 4E-07 4E-07 1E-05 1E-05 6E-05 6E-05 2E-05 6E-05

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal (toplevel predator fish)

White Perch in Ingestion Gowanus Canal (middle-level predator Total fish) Eel in Gowanus Ingestion Canal (bottom feeder fish) Total Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Fish Total Risk Crab Total Risk
1

Ingestion Total

Total risk includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started

22 of 22

FIGURE 2-1 Conceptual Exposure Model for Human Health Risk Assessment Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York

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Attachment USEPA RAGS Part D and Supporting Tables

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TABLE 1 SELECTION OF EXPOSURE PATHWAYS Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Route

Type of Analysis

Rationale for Selection or Exclusion of Exposure Pathway

Current/Future

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Recreational

Adult Adolescent Child

Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal

Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant

People have been observed boating and fishing/crabbing in the canal. These receptors may be exposed to surface sediment at boat launch locations, bridge crossing locations, and at locations with exposed sediment, or sediment covered by shallow water.

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal

Recreational

Adult Adolescent Child

Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal

People have been observed boating and fishing/crabbing in the canal. These receptors may be exposed to surface water throughout the canal during these activities.

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level

Recreational

Adult Adolescent Child

Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation

People have been observed boating and fishing in the canal. These receptors may inhale ambient air from particulate and volatile emissions from exposed sediment and volatile emissions from surface water throughout the canal during these activities.

Ambient air at street level

Industrial Worker

Adult

Inhalation

Quant

Resident

Adult Child Child/Adult

Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion

Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant

Workers at the businesses surrounding the canal may inhale ambient air from particulate and volatile emissions from exposed sediment and volatile emissions from surface water during the workday. People live within a few blocks of the canal, and may inhale ambient air from particulate and volatile emissions from exposed sediment and volatile emissions from surface water at their residences and the surrounding areas. People have been observed fishing in the canal. These receptors may eat the fish they catch from the canal. Striped bass are representative of top-level predator fish. People have been observed fishing in the canal. These receptors may eat the fish they catch from the canal. White perch are representative of middle-level predator fish. People have been observed fishing in the canal. These receptors may eat the fish they catch from the canal. American eel are representative of bottom feeders.

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Angler

Adult Adolescent Child

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Angler

Adult Adolescent Child

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Angler

Adult Adolescent Child

Page 1 of 2

TABLE 1 SELECTION OF EXPOSURE PATHWAYS Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Route

Type of Analysis

Rationale for Selection or Exclusion of Exposure Pathway

Curren/tFuture

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Crab in Gowanus Canal

Angler

Adult Adolescent Child

Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Ingestion Dermal

Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant None None None None Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant Quant None None None None

People have been observed crabbing in the canal. These receptors may eat the crab they catch from the canal.

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Industrial Worker

Adult

Workers at businesses surrounding the canal may be exposed to sediment that gets deposited near the canal when the canal overflows, prior to being washed away with rain. People live within a few blocks of the canal. These receptors may be exposed to surface sediment that gets deposited outside of the canal when the canal overflows prior to being wahsed away with rain.

Residential

Adult Child Child/Adult

Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation Ingestion Dermal

Air

Particulate and volatile emissions from sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow Canal Overflow - Surface Water (surface water data from wet event)

Industrial Worker Residential

Adult Adult Child Child/Adult

Emissions from deposited sediment associated with canal overflow is not expected to be a significant exposure pathway.

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Industrial Worker

Adult

Workers at businesses surrounding the canal may be exposed to canal surface water when the canal overflows. People live within a few blocks of the canal. These receptors may be exposed to surface water outside of the canal when the canal overflows.

Residential

Adult Child Child/Adult

Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Ingestion Dermal Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation Inhalation

Air

Volatile emissions from overflow surface water in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal

Industrial Worker Residential

Adult Adult Child Child/Adult

Emissions from surface water associated with canal overflow is not expected to be a significant exposure pathway.

Quant: will be quantitatively evaluated. Qual: will be qualitatively evaluated. None: Not considered to be a significant exposure pathway, and therefore not evaluated.

Page 2 of 2

TABLE H-2.1 Exposed Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
3.90 7.60 21.0 46.0 4.70 53.0 6.60 4.60 5.40 27.0 4.70 19.0 5.80 36.0 4.20 4.60 270 160 270 330 1100 1200 1000 610 820 650 2600 1400 790 200 8.50 J 240 J 90.0 46.0 J 89.0 53.0 1100 J 640 J 120 J 170 J 4.70 J 290 J 11.0 J 36.0 J 4.20 J 8.90 J 15000 460000 J 150000 J 350000 J 320000 J 200000 J 210000 J 74000 J 120000 J 650 J 57000 J 1400 J 320000 J 14000 ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg 307B 301 314 314 314 301 314 314 314 314 307A 314 302 314 301 302 314 314 314 314 314 314 314 314 314 319 314 308A 314 314 5 / 14 2 / 14 7 / 14 1 / 14 4 / 14 1 / 14 3 / 14 3 / 14 2 / 14 2 / 14 1 / 14 2 / 14 2 / 14 1 / 14 1 / 14 3 / 14 8 / 14 10 / 14 8 / 14 11 / 14 14 / 14 13 / 14 13 / 14 13 / 14 13 / 14 1 / 14 12 / 14 1 / 14 14 / 14 12 / 14

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


3.90 - 23.0 5.00 - 240 9.90 - 90.0 5.00 - 46.0 4.70 - 89.0 5.00 - 53.0 5.00 - 1100 4.60 - 640 5.00 - 120 5.00 - 170 4.70 - 23.0 5.00 - 290 5.00 - 23.0 5.00 - 36.0 4.20 - 23.0 4.60 - 23.0 120 - 15000 160 - 460000 230 - 150000 250 - 350000 1100 - 320000 250 - 200000 250 - 210000 260 - 74000 250 - 120000 650 - 230000 2600 - 160000 1400 - 230000 790 - 320000 200 - 14000

Conc. Used For Screening


8.50 240 90.0 46.0 89.0 53.0 1100 640 120 170 4.70 290 11.0 36.0 4.20 8.90 15000 460000 150000 350000 320000 200000 210000 74000 120000 650 57000 1400 320000 14000

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


430 2400 C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


--------------------C N C N C N N N N ------------------------------------C C ----------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO YES YES YES NO YES NO YES NO YES YES

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal


107-06-2 106-46-7 67-64-1 71-43-2 75-15-0 108-90-7 100-41-4 98-82-8 179601-23-1 108-87-2 75-09-2 95-47-6 127-18-4 108-88-3 79-01-6 75-69-4 91-57-6 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 92-52-4 117-81-7 86-74-8 218-01-9 53-70-3 1,2-dichloroethane 1,4-dichlorobenzene Acetone Benzene Carbon disulfide Chlorobenzene Ethylbenzene Isopropylbenzene (cumene) m, p xylenes Methylcyclohexane Methylene chloride o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichlorofluoromethane 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Biphenyl (diphenyl) Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Carbazole Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level No toxicity information Above Screening Level Above Screening Level

6100000 N 1100 82000 29000 5400 210000 340000 --11000 380000 550 500000 2800 79000 31000 340000 340000 C N N C N N

1700000 N 150 15 150 170000 1500 210000 35000 --15000 15 C C C N C N C

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TABLE H-2.1 Exposed Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
1100 510 9300 1200 130 1000 120 510 1400 6.70 13.0 21.0 5.90 33.0 7.90 16.0 220 2200 590 440 0.241 92500 99500 4870 3.40 86.5 0.26 1.50 5360 22.7 1100 J 550 J 9300 J 630000 J 130000 J 120000 J 9100 J 470000 J 670000 J 14.0 J 13.0 J 21.0 J 29.0 J 33.0 J 21.0 NJ 16.0 NJ 290 2200 J 590 J 3400 J 111 14700000 15100000 18900 J 44.7 397 J 0.46 J 20.2 J 10900 J 139 J ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 319 318 307A 314 314 314 319 314 314 308A 308A 308A 308A 308A 302 308A 318 316 308A 314 314 314 314 310 308A 316 309 308A 314 314 1 / 14 2 / 14 1 / 14 14 / 14 7 / 14 14 / 14 8 / 14 13 / 14 14 / 14 2 / 14 1 / 14 1 / 14 3 / 14 1 / 14 4/4 1 / 14 2 / 14 1 / 14 1 / 14 3 / 14 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 8 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


1100 - 230000 510 - 230000 6200 - 230000 1200 - 630000 130 - 130000 1000 - 120000 120 - 9100 510 - 470000 1400 - 670000 4.20 - 530 8.20 - 1000 8.20 - 1000 4.20 - 530 33.0 - 5300 7.90 - 21.0 8.20 - 1000 41.0 - 290 41.0 - 2200 48.0 - 590 41.0 - 3400 0.241 - 111

Conc. Used For Screening


1100 550 9300 630000 130000 120000 9100 470000 670000 14.0 13.0 21.0 29.0 33.0 21.0 16.0 290 2200 590 3400 111

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


7800 610000 35000 230000 230000 150 3600 N N N N N C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


----------------------------------------------------------C --------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO YES NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO YES NO YES

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal


132-64-9 84-74-2 117-84-0 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 5103-71-9 33213-65-9 1031-07-8 5103-74-2 72-43-5 72-54-8 72-55-9 12674-11-2 12672-29-6 11097-69-1 11096-82-5 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Dibenzofuran Di-n-butyl phthalate Di-n-octylphthalate Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene Alpha-chlordane Beta endosulfan Endosulfan sulfate Gamma-chlordane Methoxychlor P,P'-DDD P,P'-DDE Aroclor 1016 Aroclor 1248 Aroclor 1254 Aroclor 1260 PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level

1700000 N 170000 1600 37000 37000 1600 31000 2000 1400 390 220 110 220 3.7 220000 110000 7700 0.39 1500 16 7 --0.29 N C N N C N C C N C N C C C N N C N N N

92500 - 14700000 14700000 99500 - 15100000 15100000 4870 - 18900 3.40 - 44.7 86.5 - 397 0.26 - 1.40 1.50 - 20.2 5360 - 10900 22.7 - 139 18900 44.7 397 0.46 20.2 10900 139

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7429-90-5 7440-38-2 7440-39-3 7440-41-7 7440-43-9 7440-70-2 7440-47-3 Aluminum Arsenic Barium Beryllium Cadmium Calcium Chromium

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TABLE H-2.1 Exposed Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
10.0 85.8 0.54 12400 184 4210 89.1 0.61 18.1 730 0.74 1.90 2610 19.4 240 14.8 J 790 18.0 J 87000 4220 11400 J 480 1.80 J 84.5 J 4410 J 4.90 J 6.80 J 15300 J 61.2 J 1520 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 318 308A 302 308A 308A 318 308A 318 314 310 310 310 305 316 308A 6 / 14 14 / 14 4 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 6 / 14 12 / 14 14 / 14 14 / 14 7/7

Exposure Point

Cas Number
Cobalt Copper

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


7.30 - 15.3 85.8 - 790 0.54 - 18.0 12400 - 87000 184 - 4220 4210 - 11400 89.1 - 480 0.61 - 1.80 18.1 - 84.5 730 - 4410 0.74 - 10.7 1.20 - 6.80 2610 - 15300 19.4 - 61.2 240 - 1520

Conc. Used For Screening


14.8 790 18.0 87000 4220 11400 480 1.80 84.5 4410 4.90 6.80 15300 61.2 1520

Background Value
-------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


2.3 310 160 5500 400 --180 2.3 150 --39 39 --39 2300 N N N N N N N N N N N N

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


------------------------------------------------------------YES YES NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal


7440-48-4 7440-50-8 57-12-5 7439-89-6 7439-92-1 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-02-0 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-22-4 7440-23-5 7440-62-2 7440-66-6 Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Below Screening Level

Cyanide, Total Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Silver Sodium Vanadium Zinc

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TABLE H-2.2 Surface Water in Canal - Dry Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.11 1.10 0.50 0.19 0.16 0.76 0.24 0.18 0.17 0.017 0.26 1.20 0.12 0.19 0.11 0.099 0.10 0.71 1.00 1.10 0.11 1.50 1.00 0.095 0.11 0.097 0.10 1.30 0.15 18.8 0.11 J 6.70 11.0 1.30 1.30 1.00 0.53 0.18 J 0.95 0.017 J 0.94 5.20 J 0.83 0.66 0.88 0.15 0.29 5.60 1.00 J 2.10 J 1.10 J 3.40 J 1.40 J 2.30 J 0.19 0.22 0.58 1.30 J 1.50 J 23.4 ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 320 317 304 320 320 310 320 304 308B 315 319 325 325 319 319 302, 307A 319, 325 321 312 325 325 324 301 325 325 319 325 314 325 309 1 / 27 26 / 27 18 / 27 16 / 27 17 / 27 3 / 27 5 / 27 1 / 27 16 / 27 1 / 27 21 / 27 3 / 27 7 / 27 3 / 27 21 / 27 5 / 27 11 / 27 13 / 27 1 / 27 2 / 27 15 / 27 8 / 27 3 / 27 23 / 27 15 / 27 10 / 27 11 / 27 1 / 27 6 / 27 16 / 25

Exposure Point

Cas Number
106-46-7 67-64-1 71-43-2 100-41-4 179601-23-1 75-09-2 95-47-6 1634-04-4 108-88-3 91-57-6 83-32-9 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 117-81-7 105-60-2 86-74-8 218-01-9 131-11-3 84-74-2 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 85-01-8 108-95-2 129-00-0 7440-38-2

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.11 - 0.50 1.10 - 6.70 0.50 - 11.0 0.19 - 1.30 0.16 - 1.30 0.50 - 1.00 0.24 - 0.53 0.18 - 0.50 0.17 - 0.95 0.017 - 0.10 0.10 - 0.94 0.10 - 5.20 0.10 - 0.83 0.10 - 0.66 0.10 - 0.88 0.099 - 0.15 0.10 - 0.29 0.71 - 5.60 1.00 - 5.00 1.10 - 5.00 0.10 - 1.10 1.50 - 5.00 1.00 - 5.00 0.095 - 2.30 0.10 - 0.19 0.097 - 0.22 0.10 - 0.58 1.30 - 5.00 0.10 - 1.50 9.10 - 23.4

Conc. Used For Screening


0.11 6.70 11.0 1.30 1.30 1.00 0.53 0.18 0.95 0.017 0.94 5.20 0.83 0.66 0.88 0.15 0.29 5.60 1.00 2.10 1.10 3.40 1.40 2.30 0.19 0.22 0.58 1.30 1.50 23.4

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
0.43 2200 0.41 1.5 120 4.8 120 12 230 15 220 1100 0.029 0.0029 0.029 110 0.29 4.8 1800 --2.9 365 370 150 150 0.029 1100 1100 110 0.045 C N N N N C N N N C C N C C N C N C N N N N C C C N C C N 190 --10 2100 --200 ----6000 --990 40000 0.018 0.018 0.018 --0.018 2.2 ----0.018 1100000 4500 140 5300 0.018 --860000 4000 0.14 NRWQC --NYSDEC NRWQC --NYSDEC ----NYSDEC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC ----NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO YES

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Gowanus Canal
1,4-dichlorobenzene Acetone Benzene Ethylbenzene m, p xylenes Methylene chloride o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) Tert-butyl methyl ether Toluene 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Caprolactam Carbazole Chrysene Dimethyl phthalate Di-n-butyl phthalate Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Phenanthrene Phenol Pyrene Arsenic Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level

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PAGE 1 of 2

TABLE H-2.2 Surface Water in Canal - Dry Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
18.4 279000 4.00 123 1.90 809000 45.0 0.047 2.00 299000 34.3 5550000 2.10 11.0 22.3 J 315000 J 99.7 232 4.90 J 998000 72.9 0.06 J 52.3 J 328000 J 50.9 6620000 J 2.10 J 25.7 J ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 310 312 323 308B 323 312 310 324 323 312 322 307B 318 321 5 / 27 12 / 27 16 / 27 11 / 27 5 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 14 / 27 15 / 27 12 / 27 16 / 26 27 / 27 1 / 27 12 / 23

Exposure Point

Cas Number
7440-39-3 7440-70-2 7440-47-3 7440-50-8 7439-92-1 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-02-0 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-28-0 7440-66-6 Barium Calcium

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


10.0 - 100 254000 - 315000 2.00 - 99.7 25.0 - 375 1.90 - 10.0 809000 - 998000 45.0 - 72.9 0.047 - 0.20 2.00 - 52.3 268000 - 328000 18.7 - 50.9

Conc. Used For Screening


22.3 315000 99.7 232 4.90 998000 72.9 0.06 52.3 328000 50.9

Background Value
-----------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
730 --0.043 150 15 --88 1.1 73 --18 ----1100 N N N N N C N N N ------------100 0.0007 4600 --4200 --0.47 26000 ------------NRWQC NYSDEC NRWQC --NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NO NO YES YES NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Gowanus Canal
Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient No toxicity information Below Screening Level

Chromium Copper Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Sodium Thallium Zinc

5550000 - 6620000 6620000


2.10 - 10.0 11.0 - 25.7 2.10 25.7

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TABLE H-2.3 Surface Water in Canal - Wet Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.12 0.13 0.12 12.0 0.36 0.14 0.12 0.50 0.21 0.18 0.096 0.18 0.44 0.99 0.13 0.70 0.85 0.16 0.10 0.17 0.095 0.095 0.074 0.14 0.12 0.13 0.037 0.73 0.33 0.057 0.12 J 0.13 J 0.87 12.0 2.90 0.17 J 0.33 J 0.69 0.51 2.60 0.20 J 2.60 0.44 J 3.40 5.10 40.0 J 16.0 0.16 J 0.12 J 3.00 0.40 0.095 J 0.15 0.30 0.33 1.50 J 0.12 J 1.10 J 1.50 J 0.11 ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 305 303, 305 306 307B 316 308B, 313 306 321 319 316 316 316 317 321 316 319 316 306 320 316 313 302 302 309 319 308A 319 307A 320 302 1 / 26 2 / 26 14 / 26 1 / 26 16 / 26 5 / 26 17 / 26 14 / 26 17 / 26 21 / 26 4 / 26 22 / 26 1 / 26 9 / 26 20 / 26 24 / 26 24 / 26 1 / 26 2 / 26 3 / 26 20 / 26 1 / 26 4 / 26 6 / 26 16 / 26 23 / 26 7 / 26 3 / 26 11 / 26 3 / 26

Exposure Point

Cas Number
120-82-1 541-73-1 106-46-7 67-64-1 71-43-2 75-15-0 108-90-7 67-66-3 156-59-2 100-41-4 98-82-8 179601-23-1 79-20-9 75-09-2 95-47-6 127-18-4 108-88-3 10061-02-6 79-01-6 91-57-6 83-32-9 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 85-68-7 105-60-2 218-01-9

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.12 - 0.50 0.13 - 0.50 0.12 - 0.87 5.00 - 15.0 0.36 - 2.90 0.14 - 0.50 0.12 - 0.50 0.50 - 0.69 0.21 - 0.51 0.18 - 2.60 0.096 - 0.50 0.18 - 2.60 0.44 - 0.50 0.50 - 3.40 0.13 - 5.10 0.50 - 40.0 0.50 - 16.0 0.16 - 0.50 0.10 - 0.50 0.10 - 3.00 0.095 - 1.00 0.095 - 1.00 0.074 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.50 0.037 - 1.00 0.73 - 50.0 0.33 - 50.0 0.057 - 1.00

Conc. Used For Screening


0.12 0.13 0.87 12.0 2.90 0.17 0.33 0.69 0.51 2.60 0.20 2.60 0.44 3.40 5.10 40.0 16.0 0.16 0.12 3.00 0.40 0.095 0.15 0.30 0.33 1.50 0.12 1.10 1.50 0.11

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
0.41 37 0.43 2200 0.41 100 9.1 0.19 37 1.5 68 120 3700 4.8 120 0.11 230 0.43 2 15 220 1100 0.029 0.0029 0.029 110 0.29 35 1800 2.9 N N C N C N N C N C N N N C N C N C C N N N C C C N C C N C 70 960 190 --10 --400 470 --2100 ------200 --3.3 6000 --30 --990 40000 0.018 0.018 0.018 --0.018 1900 --0.018 NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NYSDEC --NYSDEC NRWQC --NRWQC ------NYSDEC --NRWQC NYSDEC --NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NO NO YES NO YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES NO NO NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Gowanus Canal
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene 1,3-dichlorobenzene 1,4-dichlorobenzene Acetone Benzene Carbon disulfide Chlorobenzene Chloroform cis-1,2-dichloroethylene Ethylbenzene Isopropylbenzene (cumene) m, p xylenes Methyl acetate Methylene chloride o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Toluene trans-1,3-dichloropropene Trichloroethylene (TCE) 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Benzyl butyl phthalate Caprolactam Chrysene Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level

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PAGE 1 of 2

TABLE H-2.3 Surface Water in Canal - Wet Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.071 0.28 0.23 0.089 0.079 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.10 6.90 18.4 97200 3.90 3.90 651 2.90 276000 48.4 0.065 2.10 88700 13.9 2340000 17.7 0.11 0.62 J 0.28 J 0.32 0.32 J 1.10 1.40 0.13 J 1.40 0.34 26.2 42.8 J 296000 29.3 J 3.90 J 1040 J 26.8 972000 65.6 0.089 J 29.8 J 290000 64.6 J 7090000 J 75.7 J ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 303 320 318 313 313 316 316 311 316 313 302 307A 324 308B 307A 317 317 303 307A 302 308B 324 301 301 318 4 / 26 12 / 26 3 / 26 22 / 26 3 / 26 23 / 26 5 / 26 1 / 26 14 / 26 22 / 26 26 / 26 26 / 26 24 / 24 26 / 26 1 / 26 3 / 26 26 / 26 25 / 25 26 / 26 19 / 26 25 / 25 24 / 24 26 / 26 25 / 25 24 / 26

Exposure Point

Cas Number
53-70-3 84-74-2 117-84-0 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 91-20-3 87-86-5 85-01-8 129-00-0 7440-38-2 7440-39-3 7440-70-2 7440-47-3 7440-48-4 7439-89-6 7439-92-1 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-02-0 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-66-6

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.071 - 1.00 0.28 - 50.0 0.23 - 50.0 0.089 - 1.00 0.079 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.10 0.10 - 1.40 0.13 - 2.00 0.10 - 1.40 0.10 - 1.00 6.90 - 26.2 18.4 - 42.8 97200 - 296000 3.90 - 29.3 3.90 - 10.0 651 - 1500 2.90 - 26.8 276000 - 972000 48.4 - 65.6 0.065 - 0.20 2.10 - 29.8 88700 - 290000 13.9 - 64.6

Conc. Used For Screening


0.11 0.62 0.28 0.32 0.32 1.10 1.40 0.13 1.40 0.34 26.2 42.8 296000 29.3 3.90 1040 26.8 972000 65.6 0.089 29.8 290000 64.6

Background Value
---------------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
0.0029 370 4.8 150 150 0.029 0.14 0.56 1100 110 0.045 730 --0.043 1.1 2600 15 --88 1.1 73 --18 --1100 N N N N N C N N N C N N N N C C C N N C N 0.018 4500 --140 5300 0.018 --3 --4000 0.14 --------------100 0.0007 4600 --4200 --26000 NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC --------------NRWQC NYSDEC NRWQC --NRWQC --NRWQC YES NO NO NO NO YES YES NO NO NO YES NO NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Gowanus Canal
Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Di-n-butyl phthalate Di-n-octylphthalate Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pentachlorophenol Phenanthrene Pyrene Arsenic Barium Calcium Chromium Cobalt Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Sodium Zinc Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level

2340000 - 7090000 7090000


17.7 - 75.7 75.7

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TABLE H-2.4 Ambient Air at Canal Level, Round 1 - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Air Air Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Units Concentration Value Value
22.0 0.69 0.12 2.70 0.16 1.70 0.48 1.70 1.80 2.70 0.069 1.80 0.057 0.0014 0.0042 0.002 0.0025 0.0088 0.019 0.034 0.19 0.084 0.014 60.0 1.10 0.12 2.70 0.28 3.10 5.10 4.30 4.50 J 8.50 0.90 16.0 5.70 0.049 J 0.37 0.0023 J 0.0025 J 0.0088 J 1.00 4.70 3.40 6.50 0.55 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 506 501 505 508 501 504 508 504 501 507 507 508 502 502 502 501 501 502 502 502 503 502 502

Exposure Point

Cas Number
67-64-1 71-43-2 75-25-2 75-15-0 67-66-3 74-87-3 100-41-4 78-93-3 75-09-2 108-88-3 79-01-6 1330-20-7 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 205-99-2 218-01-9 206-44-0 86-73-7 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 Acetone Benzene

Chemical

Detection Frequency
10 / 10 10 / 10 1 / 10 1 / 10 7 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 6 / 10 10 / 10 7 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 2 / 10 1 / 10 1 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10

Range of Detection Limits


22.0 - 60.0 0.69 - 1.10 0.10 - 0.52 1.60 - 2.70 0.16 - 0.28 1.70 - 3.10 0.48 - 5.10 1.70 - 4.30 1.70 - 4.50 2.70 - 8.50 0.069 - 0.90 1.80 - 16.0 0.057 - 5.70 0.0014 - 0.049 0.0042 - 0.37 0.002 - 0.094 0.0025 - 0.094 0.0088 - 0.094 0.019 - 1.00 0.034 - 4.70 0.19 - 3.40 0.084 - 6.50 0.014 - 0.55

Conc. Used For Screening


60.0 1.10 0.12 2.70 0.28 3.10 5.10 4.30 4.50 8.50 0.90 16.0 5.70 0.049 0.37 0.0023 0.0025 0.0088 1.00 4.70 3.40 6.50 0.55

Background Value
-----------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
3200 0.31 2.2 73 0.11 9.4 0.97 520 5.2 520 1.2 10 ------0.0087 0.0087 0.087 ----0.072 ----C C C C N C C N C N C N C N C N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Ambient air at Canal level


Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information

Bromoform Carbon disulfide Chloroform Chloromethane Ethylbenzene Methyl ethyl ketone (2butanone) Methylene chloride Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Xylene, total Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Chrysene Fluoranthene Fluorene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene

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TABLE H-2.5 Ambient Air at Canal Level, Round 2 - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Air Air Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Units Concentration Value Value
24.0 0.64 3.30 0.16 1.60 0.41 2.70 1.90 5.00 0.096 2.90 0.084 0.0043 0.0054 0.0024 0.0043 0.021 0.056 0.47 0.098 0.014 300 3.80 3.30 0.24 2.20 4.40 18.0 2.00 J 25.0 0.20 28.0 3.30 J 0.04 J 0.15 J 0.0033 J 0.0043 J 0.45 J 2.30 J 2.60 J 3.00 J 0.23 J ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 509 510 503 503 506, 510 510 509 506 510 505 510 502 502 502 509 505 502 502 503 502 502

Exposure Point

Cas Number
67-64-1 71-43-2 75-15-0 67-66-3 74-87-3 100-41-4 78-93-3 75-09-2 108-88-3 79-01-6 1330-20-7 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 218-01-9 206-44-0 86-73-7 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 Acetone Benzene

Chemical

Detection Frequency
10 / 10 10 / 10 1 / 10 8 / 10 8 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 2 / 10 9 / 10 8 / 10 9 / 10 8/8 8/8 8/8 3/8 1/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8

Range of Detection Limits


24.0 - 300 0.64 - 3.80 1.60 - 7.80 0.098 - 0.24 1.60 - 5.20 0.41 - 4.40 2.70 - 18.0 1.70 - 8.70 3.80 - 25.0 0.096 - 0.27 2.90 - 28.0 0.084 - 3.30 0.0043 - 0.04 0.0054 - 0.15 0.0024 - 0.071 0.0043 - 0.071 0.021 - 0.45 0.056 - 2.30 0.47 - 2.60 0.098 - 3.00 0.014 - 0.23

Conc. Used For Screening


300 3.80 3.30 0.24 2.20 4.40 18.0 2.00 25.0 0.20 28.0 3.30 0.04 0.15 0.0033 0.0043 0.45 2.30 2.60 3.00 0.23

Background Value
-------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
3200 0.31 73 0.11 9.4 0.97 520 5.2 520 1.2 10 ------0.0087 0.087 ----0.072 ----C C C N C N C N C N C N C N ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO YES NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Ambient air at Canal level


Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information

Carbon disulfide Chloroform Chloromethane Ethylbenzene Methyl ethyl ketone (2butanone) Methylene chloride Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Xylene, total Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Chrysene Fluoranthene Fluorene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene

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TABLE H-2.6 Ambient Air at Street Level, Round 1 - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Air Air Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Units Concentration Value Value
25.0 0.61 0.37 2.60 0.17 1.80 0.56 1.90 1.70 3.00 0.06 2.00 0.037 0.0016 0.0029 0.012 0.03 0.10 0.059 0.0088 53.0 2.30 0.37 3.80 0.39 3.00 1.70 11.0 5.10 J 6.20 0.74 6.80 0.61 0.018 J 0.043 J 0.094 0.31 1.30 0.55 0.06 J ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 510 501 503 504 501 502 501 510 501 501 507 501 505 507 507 505 505 503, 505 509 505

Exposure Point

Cas Number
67-64-1 71-43-2 75-25-2 75-15-0 67-66-3 74-87-3 100-41-4 78-93-3 75-09-2 108-88-3 79-01-6 1330-20-7 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 206-44-0 86-73-7 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 Acetone Benzene

Chemical

Detection Frequency
10 / 10 10 / 10 1 / 10 2 / 10 6 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 5 / 10 10 / 10 5 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10

Range of Detection Limits


25.0 - 53.0 0.61 - 2.30 0.10 - 0.52 1.60 - 3.80 0.17 - 0.39 1.80 - 3.00 0.56 - 1.70 1.90 - 11.0 1.70 - 5.10 3.00 - 6.20 0.054 - 0.74 2.00 - 6.80 0.037 - 0.61 0.0016 - 0.018 0.0029 - 0.043 0.012 - 0.094 0.03 - 0.31 0.10 - 1.30 0.059 - 0.55 0.0088 - 0.06

Conc. Used For Screening


53.0 2.30 0.37 3.80 0.39 3.00 1.70 11.0 5.10 6.20 0.74 6.80 0.61 0.018 0.043 0.094 0.31 1.30 0.55 0.06

Background Value
-----------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
3200 0.31 2.2 73 0.11 9.4 0.97 520 5.2 520 1.2 10 ----------0.072 ----C N C C N C N C N C N C N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Ambient air at Street Level


Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information

Bromoform Carbon disulfide Chloroform Chloromethane Ethylbenzene Methyl ethyl ketone (2butanone) Methylene chloride Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Xylene, total Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene

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TABLE H-2.7 Ambient Air at Street Level, Round 1 - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Air Air Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Units Concentration Value Value
23.0 0.67 0.16 1.40 0.56 2.30 2.00 5.00 0.06 2.40 0.079 0.0019 0.004 0.018 0.057 0.26 0.099 0.0093 460 1.40 0.45 2.50 1.80 30.0 2.00 J 7.50 0.60 7.60 1.30 0.14 0.11 0.20 0.63 4.40 0.87 0.11 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 507 510 505 502 510 507 506 504, 505 502 510 507 507 507 509 507 507 509 509

Exposure Point

Cas Number
67-64-1 71-43-2 67-66-3 74-87-3 100-41-4 78-93-3 75-09-2 108-88-3 79-01-6 1330-20-7 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 206-44-0 86-73-7 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 Acetone Benzene

Chemical

Detection Frequency
10 / 10 10 / 10 9 / 10 8 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 1 / 10 6 / 10 8 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10

Range of Detection Limits


23.0 - 460 0.67 - 1.40 0.16 - 0.45 1.40 - 5.20 0.56 - 1.80 2.30 - 30.0 1.70 - 8.70 3.70 - 7.50 0.06 - 0.60 2.40 - 7.60 0.079 - 1.30 0.0019 - 0.14 0.004 - 0.11 0.018 - 0.20 0.057 - 0.63 0.26 - 4.40 0.099 - 0.87 0.0093 - 0.11

Conc. Used For Screening


460 1.40 0.45 2.50 1.80 30.0 2.00 7.50 0.60 7.60 1.30 0.14 0.11 0.20 0.63 4.40 0.87 0.11

Background Value
-------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
3200 0.31 0.11 9.4 0.97 520 5.2 520 1.2 10 ----------0.072 ----C N C C N C N C N C N ------------------------------------------------------------------------NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Ambient air at Street Level


Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information No toxicity information Above Screening Level No toxicity information No toxicity information

Chloroform Chloromethane Ethylbenzene Methyl ethyl ketone (2butanone) Methylene chloride Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Xylene, total Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene

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TABLE H-2.8 Striped Bass Filet from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
5.10 3.50 4.80 4.80 9.60 2.83 244000 263000 0.45 197 190 0.15 2070 1.20 468 3.90 0.28 8.20 J 3.50 J 5.60 J 12.0 NJ 9.60 NJ 4.31 409000 435000 0.68 J 541 J 343 J 0.20 3970 1.20 J 1060 16.4 0.63 J ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI406-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI406-SB GC-TI406-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI406-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI403-SB GC-TI401-SB GC-TI406-SB GC-TI406-SB 2/4 1/5 3/4 5/5 1/5 5/5 5/5 5/5 3/5 5/5 5/5 4/5 5/5 2/5 5/5 5/5 3/5

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


1.70 - 8.20 1.70 - 3.50 3.30 - 5.60 4.80 - 12.0 3.30 - 9.60 2.83 - 4.31 244000 - 409000 263000 - 435000 0.45 - 0.98 197 - 541 190 - 343 0.15 - 0.48 2070 - 3970 1.20 - 3.50 468 - 1060 3.90 - 16.4 0.28 - 2.50

Conc. Used For Screening


8.20 3.50 5.60 12.0 9.60 4.31 409000 435000 0.68 541 343 0.20 3970 1.20 1060 16.4 0.63

Background Value
-----------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


9 9 13 9.3 9.3 0.020 1600 1600 0.0021 ----0.022 --0.68 --41 2.7 N N N N C C C C C C C C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


--------------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal


5103-71-9 5103-74-2 72-54-8 72-55-9 50-29-3 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Alpha-chlordane Gamma-chlordane P,P'-DDD P,P'-DDE P,P'-DDT PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7440-38-2 7440-70-2 7439-95-4 7439-97-6 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-66-6 57-12-5 Arsenic Calcium Magnesium Mercury Potassium Selenium Sodium Zinc Cyanide, Total

mg/kg GC-TI403-SB, GCTI406-SB mg/kg GC-TI403-SB mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI403-SB GC-TI401-SB

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TABLE H-2.9 White Perch Filet from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
5.00 6.00 4.46 302000 324000 318 0.90 245 5.20 0.16 2550 1.40 628 5.10 0.22 5.00 J 7.00 NJ 5.08 437000 462000 4220 J 1.30 J 362 J 5.20 0.19 2590 1.40 J 823 9.50 0.91 J ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP GC-TI401-WP 1/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 1/2 2/2 2/2 1/2 2/2 2/2 2/2

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


1.70 - 5.00 6.00 - 7.00 4.46 - 5.08 302000 - 437000 324000 - 462000 318 - 4220 0.90 - 1.30 245 - 362 1.50 - 5.20 0.16 - 0.19 2550 - 2590 1.40 - 3.40 628 - 823 5.10 - 9.50 0.22 - 0.91

Conc. Used For Screening


5.00 7.00 5.08 437000 462000 4220 1.30 362 5.20 0.19 2590 1.40 823 9.50 0.91

Background Value
-------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


9 9.3 0.020 1600 1600 --5.4 --19 0.022 --0.68 --41 2.7 N N N N N N C C C C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


------------------------------------------------------------NO NO YES YES YES NO NO NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

White Perch in Gowanus Canal


5103-74-2 72-55-9 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Gamma-chlordane P,P'-DDE PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7440-70-2 7440-50-8 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-66-6 57-12-5 Calcium Copper Magnesium Manganese Mercury Potassium Selenium Sodium Zinc Cyanide, Total

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TABLE H-2.10 Atlantic Eel Filet from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
10.0 5.00 9.90 34.0 13.0 16.0 30.0 4.73 480000 519000 0.50 198 0.53 0.86 12.7 169 0.056 1960 1.20 524 11.5 0.30 22.0 J 17.0 J 13.0 J 39.0 J 38.0 NJ 25.0 J 47.0 J 14.1 1220000 1350000 0.50 J 295 J 0.67 J 7.40 12.7 278 J 0.26 3570 1.40 J 944 29.7 3.10 ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI406-XAE GC-TI406-XAE GC-TI406-XAE GC-TI406-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI402-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI406-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE GC-TI403-XAE 3/4 5/6 2/3 2/6 4/4 4/5 2/4 6/6 6/6 6/6 1/6 3/6 2/6 3/6 1/6 4/6 6/6 6/6 2/6 6/6 6/6 6/6

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


1.70 - 22.0 3.30 - 17.0 1.70 - 13.0 17.0 - 39.0 13.0 - 38.0 3.30 - 25.0 3.30 - 47.0 4.73 - 14.1 480000 - 1220000 519000 - 1350000 0.50 - 0.98 198 - 485 0.53 - 0.97 0.86 - 7.40 9.70 - 12.7 169 - 485 0.056 - 0.26 1960 - 3570 1.20 - 3.40 524 - 944 11.5 - 29.7 0.30 - 3.10

Conc. Used For Screening


22.0 17.0 13.0 39.0 38.0 25.0 47.0 14.1 1220000 1350000 0.50 295 0.67 7.40 12.7 278 0.26 3570 1.40 944 29.7 3.10

Background Value
---------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


9 0.2 9 680 13 9.3 9.3 0.020 1600 1600 0.0021 --0.0063 5.4 95 --0.022 --0.68 --41 2.7 N N N N C N N C C C N C C C C C C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------YES YES YES NO YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO YES YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO YES

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Eel in Gowanus Canal


5103-71-9 60-57-1 5103-74-2 72-43-5 72-54-8 72-55-9 50-29-3 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Alpha-chlordane Dieldrin Gamma-chlordane Methoxychlor P,P'-DDD P,P'-DDE P,P'-DDT PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Above Screening Level

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7440-38-2 7440-70-2 7440-47-3 7440-50-8 7439-89-6 7439-95-4 7439-97-6 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-66-6 57-12-5 Arsenic Calcium Chromium Copper Iron Magnesium Mercury Potassium Selenium Sodium Zinc Cyanide, Total

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TABLE H-2.11 Blue Crab Edible Tissue and Hepatopancreas from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
23.8 6.07 3.85 4.75 5.45 4.82 13.6 3.65 5.03 2.59 8.44 6.43 7.46 12.2 9.88 2.05 3.91 115000 133000 0.902 1050 8.19 8.43 318 2.20 0.0792 1910 0.421 2630 18.9 73.0 14.3 12.4 15.7 17.5 9.61 28.2 8.76 13.6 5.13 21.9 26.8 12.3 44.1 28.6 2.79 5.54 167000 194000 1.47 1740 11.7 13.3 395 3.24 0.142 2390 0.463 3490 24.0 ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI404-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI401-BC 12 / 12 6 / 12 12 / 12 5 / 12 11 / 12 9 / 12 12 / 12 8 / 12 8 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 6 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 2 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


23.8 - 73.0 3.64 - 14.3 3.85 - 12.4 2.87 - 15.7 4.53 - 17.5 2.74 - 9.61 13.6 - 28.2 2.44 - 8.76 2.91 - 13.6 2.59 - 5.13 8.44 - 21.9 6.43 - 26.8 7.46 - 12.3 12.2 - 44.1 9.88 - 28.6 2.05 - 2.79 3.91 - 5.54 115000 - 167000 133000 - 194000 0.902 - 1.47 1050 - 1740 8.19 - 11.7 7.96 - 13.3 318 - 395 2.20 - 3.24 0.0792 - 0.142 1910 - 2390 0.421 - 0.497 2630 - 3490 18.9 - 24.0

Conc. Used For Screening


73.0 14.3 12.4 15.7 17.5 9.61 28.2 8.76 13.6 5.13 21.9 26.8 12.3 44.1 28.6 2.79 5.54 167000 194000 1.47 1740 11.7 13.3 395 3.24 0.142 2390 0.463 3490 24.0

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


8100 8100 41000 4.3 0.43 4.3 4100 43 430 0.43 5400 5400 4.3 41000 4100 9.3 0.020 1600 1600 0.0021 --5.4 95 --19 0.022 --0.68 --41 N N N N N N N N N C C C N C C C N N C N N C C C C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO YES YES YES NO NO NO YES NO NO YES NO NO NO YES YES YES YES NO YES NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Crab in Gowanus Canal


83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 218-01-9 53-70-3 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 85-01-8 129-00-0 72-55-9 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Phenanthrene Pyrene P,P'-DDE PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7440-38-2 7440-70-2 7440-50-8 7439-89-6 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-09-7 7440-22-4 7440-23-5 7440-66-6 Arsenic Calcium Copper Iron Magnesium Manganese Mercury Potassium Silver Sodium Zinc

mg/kg GC-TI401-BC, GCTI402-BC mg/kg GC-TI406-BC

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TABLE H-2.11 Blue Crab Edible Tissue and Hepatopancreas from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.527 0.847 mg/kg GC-TI401-BC 10 / 12

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.527 - 1.25

Conc. Used For Screening


0.847

Background Value
---

Screening Toxicity Value


2.7 N

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


----NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Crab in Gowanus Canal


57-12-5 Cyanide, Total Below Screening Level

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TABLE H-2.12 All Surface Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Overflow Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
3.90 7.60 21.0 6.80 4.70 53.0 8.00 5.30 4.60 5.40 15.0 2.20 19.0 34.0 5.80 5.80 4.20 4.60 190 160 270 330 1100 1200 1000 610 820 650 2600 1400 45.0 J 240 J 90.0 110 J 89.0 53.0 14.0 J 3600 J 760 J 810 J 170 J 7.70 J 1200 J 34.0 J 11.0 J 36.0 J 4.20 J 8.90 J 870000 J 580000 J 150000 J 610000 J 490000 J 200000 J 210000 J 74000 J 120000 J 71000 J 57000 J 1400 J ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg 323 301 314 304 314 301 304 315 315 315 314 306 315 304 302 314 301 302 315 315 314 315 315 314 314 314 314 315 314 308A 6 / 27 3 / 26 11 / 27 4 / 27 9 / 27 1 / 27 3 / 27 8 / 27 7 / 27 5 / 27 3 / 27 6 / 27 5 / 27 1 / 27 2 / 27 4 / 27 1 / 27 3 / 27 16 / 27 21 / 27 14 / 27 24 / 27 27 / 27 26 / 27 26 / 27 26 / 27 26 / 27 2 / 27 21 / 27 1 / 27

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


3.90 - 45.0 5.00 - 240 9.90 - 90.0 5.00 - 110 4.70 - 89.0 5.00 - 53.0 5.00 - 23.0 5.00 - 3600 4.60 - 760 5.00 - 810 5.00 - 170 2.20 - 23.0 5.00 - 1200 5.00 - 34.0 5.00 - 23.0 5.00 - 36.0 4.20 - 23.0 4.60 - 23.0 120 - 870000 160 - 580000 160 - 150000 250 - 610000 1100 - 490000 250 - 200000 250 - 210000 260 - 74000 250 - 120000 650 - 230000 2600 - 160000 1400 - 230000

Conc. Used For Screening


45.0 240 90.0 110 89.0 53.0 14.0 3600 760 810 170 7.70 1200 34.0 11.0 36.0 4.20 8.90 870000 580000 150000 610000 490000 200000 210000 74000 120000 71000 57000 1400

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


430 2400 C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


----------------------C N C C N C N N N N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES NO NO YES YES YES NO YES NO YES NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow
107-06-2 106-46-7 67-64-1 71-43-2 75-15-0 108-90-7 110-82-7 100-41-4 98-82-8 179601-23-1 108-87-2 75-09-2 95-47-6 1634-04-4 127-18-4 108-88-3 79-01-6 75-69-4 91-57-6 83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 92-52-4 117-81-7 86-74-8 1,2-dichloroethane 1,4-dichlorobenzene Acetone Benzene Carbon disulfide Chlorobenzene Cyclohexane Ethylbenzene Isopropylbenzene (cumene) m, p xylenes Methylcyclohexane Methylene chloride o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) Tert-butyl methyl ether Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Toluene Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichlorofluoromethane 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Biphenyl (diphenyl) Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Carbazole Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level No toxicity information Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level No toxicity information

6100000 N 1100 82000 29000 120000 5400 210000 340000 --11000 380000 43000 550 500000 2800 79000 31000 340000 340000 C N N N C N N

1700000 N 150 15 150 170000 1500 210000 35000 --C C C N C N C

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TABLE H-2.12 All Surface Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Overflow Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
730 200 1100 510 9300 1200 130 1000 120 510 1400 6.70 13.0 21.0 5.90 33.0 7.90 16.0 140 230 590 150 0.241 92500 99500 4870 3.40 83.1 0.11 1.50 490000 J 14000 1100 J 550 J 9300 J 630000 J 540000 J 120000 J ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg 315 314 319 318 307A 314 315 314 315 315 314 308A 308A 308A 308A 308A 315 308A 318 316 308A 314 314 314 314 310 308A 317 309 308A 27 / 27 23 / 27 1 / 27 2 / 27 1 / 27 27 / 27 17 / 27 27 / 27 19 / 27 26 / 27 26 / 27 2 / 27 1 / 27 1 / 27 3 / 27 1 / 27 5/5 1 / 26 4 / 27 2 / 27 1 / 27 7 / 27 19 / 19 19 / 19 19 / 19 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 12 / 27 27 / 27

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


730 - 490000 200 - 14000 1100 - 230000 510 - 230000 6200 - 230000 1200 - 630000 130 - 540000 1000 - 120000 120 - 1600000 510 - 1100000 230 - 670000 2.70 - 530 5.30 - 1000 5.30 - 1000 2.70 - 530 27.0 - 5300 7.90 - 1100 5.30 - 1000 41.0 - 290 41.0 - 2200 48.0 - 590 41.0 - 3400 0.241 - 111

Conc. Used For Screening


490000 14000 1100 550 9300 630000 540000 120000 1600000 1100000 670000 14.0 13.0 21.0 29.0 33.0 1100 16.0 290 2200 590 3400 111

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


15000 15 7800 610000 35000 230000 230000 150 3600 C C N N N N N C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------YES YES NO NO NO YES YES YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO YES

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow
218-01-9 53-70-3 132-64-9 84-74-2 117-84-0 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 91-20-3 85-01-8 129-00-0 5103-71-9 33213-65-9 1031-07-8 5103-74-2 72-43-5 72-54-8 72-55-9 12674-11-2 12672-29-6 11097-69-1 11096-82-5 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Dibenzofuran Di-n-butyl phthalate Di-n-octylphthalate Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Phenanthrene Pyrene Alpha-chlordane Beta endosulfan Endosulfan sulfate Gamma-chlordane Methoxychlor P,P'-DDD P,P'-DDE Aroclor 1016 Aroclor 1248 Aroclor 1254 Aroclor 1260 PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level

1600000 J ug/kg 1100000 J ug/kg 670000 J 14.0 J 13.0 J 21.0 J 29.0 J 33.0 J 1100 NJ 16.0 NJ 290 2200 J 590 J 3400 J 111 14700000 15100000 18900 J 44.7 631 J 0.46 J 20.2 J ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1700000 N 170000 1600 37000 37000 1600 31000 2000 1400 390 220 110 220 3.7 220000 110000 7700 0.39 1500 16 7 N C N N C N C C N C N C C C N N C N N N

92500 - 14700000 14700000 99500 - 15100000 15100000 4870 - 18900 3.40 - 44.7 83.1 - 631 0.11 - 1.60 1.50 - 20.2 18900 44.7 631 0.46 20.2

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7429-90-5 7440-38-2 7440-39-3 7440-41-7 7440-43-9 Aluminum Arsenic Barium Beryllium Cadmium

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TABLE H-2.12 All Surface Sediment in Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Sediment Overflow Surface Sediment Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
4890 22.7 6.50 85.8 0.54 12400 146 4210 89.1 0.59 18.1 730 0.74 1.80 2610 19.4 240 11300 J 139 J 14.8 J 790 18.0 J 87000 4220 11400 J 480 2.30 J 84.5 J 4410 J 4.90 J 6.80 J 18700 J 61.2 J 1520 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 313 314 318 308A 302 308A 308A 318 308A 313 314 310 310 310 322 316 308A 27 / 27 27 / 27 14 / 27 27 / 27 14 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 15 / 27 22 / 27 27 / 27 27 / 27 17 / 17

Exposure Point

Cas Number
Calcium

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


4890 - 11300 22.7 - 139 6.50 - 17.1 85.8 - 790 0.54 - 18.0 12400 - 87000 146 - 4220 4210 - 11400 89.1 - 480 0.59 - 2.30 18.1 - 84.5 730 - 4410 0.74 - 12.0 1.20 - 6.80 2610 - 18700 19.4 - 61.2 240 - 1520

Conc. Used For Screening


11300 139 14.8 790 18.0 87000 4220 11400 480 2.30 84.5 4410 4.90 6.80 18700 61.2 1520

Background Value
-----------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


--0.29 2.3 310 160 5500 400 --180 2.3 150 --39 39 --39 2300 N N N N N N N C N N N N N

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


--------------------------------------------------------------------NO YES YES YES NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO YES NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow
7440-70-2 7440-47-3 7440-48-4 7440-50-8 57-12-5 7439-89-6 7439-92-1 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-02-0 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-22-4 7440-23-5 7440-62-2 7440-66-6 Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Chromium Cobalt Copper Cyanide, Total Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Silver Sodium Vanadium Zinc

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TABLE H-2.13 Surface Water in Canal, Wet Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Overflow Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.12 0.13 0.12 12.0 0.36 0.14 0.12 0.50 0.21 0.18 0.096 0.18 0.44 0.99 0.13 0.70 0.85 0.16 0.10 0.17 0.095 0.095 0.074 0.14 0.12 0.13 0.037 0.73 0.33 0.057 0.12 J 0.13 J 0.87 12.0 2.90 0.17 J 0.33 J 0.69 0.51 2.60 0.20 J 2.60 0.44 J 3.40 5.10 40.0 J 16.0 0.16 J 0.12 J 3.00 0.40 0.095 J 0.15 0.30 0.33 1.50 J 0.12 J 1.10 J 1.50 J 0.11 ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 305 303, 305 306 307B 316 308B, 313 306 321 319 316 316 316 317 321 316 319 316 306 320 316 313 302 302 309 319 308A 319 307A 320 302 1 / 26 2 / 26 14 / 26 1 / 26 16 / 26 5 / 26 17 / 26 14 / 26 17 / 26 21 / 26 4 / 26 22 / 26 1 / 26 9 / 26 20 / 26 24 / 26 24 / 26 1 / 26 2 / 26 3 / 26 20 / 26 1 / 26 4 / 26 6 / 26 16 / 26 23 / 26 7 / 26 3 / 26 11 / 26 3 / 26

Exposure Point

Cas Number
120-82-1 541-73-1 106-46-7 67-64-1 71-43-2 75-15-0 108-90-7 67-66-3 156-59-2 100-41-4 98-82-8 179601-23-1 79-20-9 75-09-2 95-47-6 127-18-4 108-88-3 10061-02-6 79-01-6 91-57-6 83-32-9 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 85-68-7 105-60-2 218-01-9

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.12 - 0.50 0.13 - 0.50 0.12 - 0.87 5.00 - 15.0 0.36 - 2.90 0.14 - 0.50 0.12 - 0.50 0.50 - 0.69 0.21 - 0.51 0.18 - 2.60 0.096 - 0.50 0.18 - 2.60 0.44 - 0.50 0.50 - 3.40 0.13 - 5.10 0.50 - 40.0 0.50 - 16.0 0.16 - 0.50 0.10 - 0.50 0.10 - 3.00 0.095 - 1.00 0.095 - 1.00 0.074 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.50 0.037 - 1.00 0.73 - 50.0 0.33 - 50.0 0.057 - 1.00

Conc. Used For Screening


0.12 0.13 0.87 12.0 2.90 0.17 0.33 0.69 0.51 2.60 0.20 2.60 0.44 3.40 5.10 40.0 16.0 0.16 0.12 3.00 0.40 0.095 0.15 0.30 0.33 1.50 0.12 1.10 1.50 0.11

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
0.41 37 0.43 2200 0.41 100 9.1 0.19 37 1.5 68 120 3700 4.8 120 0.11 230 0.43 2 15 220 1100 0.029 0.0029 0.029 110 0.29 35 1800 2.9 N N C N C N N C N C N N N C N C N C C N N N C C C N C C N C 70 960 190 --10 --400 470 --2100 ------200 --3.3 6000 --30 --990 40000 0.018 0.018 0.018 --0.018 1900 --0.018 NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NYSDEC --NYSDEC NRWQC --NRWQC ------NYSDEC --NRWQC NYSDEC --NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NO NO YES NO YES NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES NO NO NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Canal Overflow Surface Water


1,2,4-trichlorobenzene 1,3-dichlorobenzene 1,4-dichlorobenzene Acetone Benzene Carbon disulfide Chlorobenzene Chloroform cis-1,2-dichloroethylene Ethylbenzene Isopropylbenzene (cumene) m, p xylenes Methyl acetate Methylene chloride o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Toluene trans-1,3-dichloropropene Trichloroethylene (TCE) 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Benzyl butyl phthalate Caprolactam Chrysene Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level

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PAGE 1 of 2

TABLE H-2.13 Surface Water in Canal, Wet Weather - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Overflow Surface Water Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.071 0.28 0.23 0.089 0.079 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.10 6.90 18.4 97200 3.90 3.90 651 2.90 276000 48.4 0.065 2.10 88700 13.9 2340000 17.7 0.11 0.62 J 0.28 J 0.32 0.32 J 1.10 1.40 0.13 J 1.40 0.34 26.2 42.8 J 296000 29.3 J 3.90 J 1040 J 26.8 972000 65.6 0.089 J 29.8 J 290000 64.6 J 7090000 J 75.7 J ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l 303 320 318 313 313 316 316 311 316 313 302 307A 324 308B 307A 317 317 303 307A 302 308B 324 301 301 318 4 / 26 12 / 26 3 / 26 22 / 26 3 / 26 23 / 26 5 / 26 1 / 26 14 / 26 22 / 26 26 / 26 26 / 26 24 / 24 26 / 26 1 / 26 3 / 26 26 / 26 25 / 25 26 / 26 19 / 26 25 / 25 24 / 24 26 / 26 25 / 25 24 / 26

Exposure Point

Cas Number
53-70-3 84-74-2 117-84-0 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 91-20-3 87-86-5 85-01-8 129-00-0 7440-38-2 7440-39-3 7440-70-2 7440-47-3 7440-48-4 7439-89-6 7439-92-1 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-02-0 7440-09-7 7782-49-2 7440-23-5 7440-66-6

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.071 - 1.00 0.28 - 50.0 0.23 - 50.0 0.089 - 1.00 0.079 - 1.00 0.10 - 1.10 0.10 - 1.40 0.13 - 2.00 0.10 - 1.40 0.10 - 1.00 6.90 - 26.2 18.4 - 42.8 97200 - 296000 3.90 - 29.3 3.90 - 10.0 651 - 1500 2.90 - 26.8 276000 - 972000 48.4 - 65.6 0.065 - 0.20 2.10 - 29.8 88700 - 290000 13.9 - 64.6

Conc. Used For Screening


0.11 0.62 0.28 0.32 0.32 1.10 1.40 0.13 1.40 0.34 26.2 42.8 296000 29.3 3.90 1040 26.8 972000 65.6 0.089 29.8 290000 64.6

Background Value
---------------------------------------------------

Screening Potential Potential COPC Toxicity ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Value Source
0.0029 370 4.8 150 150 0.029 0.14 0.56 1100 110 0.045 730 --0.043 1.1 2600 15 --88 1.1 73 --18 --1100 N N N N N C N N N C N N N N C C C N N C N 0.018 4500 --140 5300 0.018 --3 --4000 0.14 --------------100 0.0007 4600 --4200 --26000 NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC NRWQC --NRWQC --NRWQC NRWQC --------------NRWQC NYSDEC NRWQC --NRWQC --NRWQC YES NO NO NO NO YES YES NO NO NO YES NO NO YES YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO YES NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Canal Overflow Surface Water


Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Di-n-butyl phthalate Di-n-octylphthalate Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pentachlorophenol Phenanthrene Pyrene Arsenic Barium Calcium Chromium Cobalt Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Sodium Zinc Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level

2340000 - 7090000 7090000


17.7 - 75.7 75.7

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TABLE H-2.14 Blue Crab Edible Tissue from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
9.91 2.70 8.59 2.86 3.61 3.58 8.46 2.61 3.28 3.07 3.55 4.97 5.89 3.26 3.55 1.14 1.92 64200 73000 0.89 850 9.10 5.60 342 0.66 0.10 2360 0.40 2660 19.8 79.4 J 16.4 12.7 J 21.0 22.8 11.4 32.1 10.9 17.5 5.78 19.3 28.6 13.7 43.5 26.5 J 2.28 J 4.52 149000 171000 1.80 1970 14.1 13.3 453 J 1.70 0.20 2870 0.44 J 4100 26.8 ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI404-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI405-BC 12 / 12 6 / 12 2 / 12 5 / 12 11 / 12 9 / 12 12 / 12 8 / 12 8 / 12 9 / 12 11 / 12 10 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 4 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 6 / 12 12 / 12 7 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12 2 / 12 12 / 12 12 / 12

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


9.91 - 79.4 2.70 - 16.4 3.22 - 12.7 2.86 - 21.0 3.31 - 22.8 3.23 - 11.4 8.46 - 32.1 2.61 - 10.9 3.23 - 17.5 3.07 - 5.78 3.23 - 19.3 3.26 - 28.6 5.89 - 13.7 3.26 - 43.5 3.55 - 26.5 1.14 - 3.37 1.92 - 4.52 64200 - 149000 73000 - 171000 0.89 - 1.80 850 - 1970 9.10 - 14.1 5.60 - 13.3 342 - 453 0.66 - 1.70 0.10 - 0.20 2360 - 2870 0.40 - 0.99 2660 - 4100 19.8 - 26.8

Conc. Used For Screening


79.4 16.4 12.7 21.0 22.8 11.4 32.1 10.9 17.5 5.78 19.3 28.6 13.7 43.5 26.5 2.28 4.52 149000 171000 1.80 1970 14.1 13.3 453 1.70 0.20 2870 0.44 4100 26.8

Background Value
-------------------------------------------------------------

Screening Toxicity Value


8100 8100 41000 4.3 0.43 4.3 4100 43 430 0.43 5400 5400 4.3 41000 4100 9.3 0.020 1600 1600 0.0021 --5.4 95 --19 0.022 --0.68 --41 N N N N N N N N N C C C N C C C N N C N N C C C C C

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NO NO NO YES YES YES NO NO NO YES NO NO YES NO NO NO YES YES YES YES NO YES NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Crab in Gowanus Canal


83-32-9 208-96-8 120-12-7 56-55-3 50-32-8 205-99-2 191-24-2 207-08-9 218-01-9 53-70-3 206-44-0 86-73-7 193-39-5 85-01-8 129-00-0 72-55-9 PCBDioxin PCBNonDioxin Acenaphthene Acenaphthylene Anthracene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Phenanthrene Pyrene P,P'-DDE PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Above Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level Essential Nutrient Below Screening Level

PCBTotalCongen Total PCB Congeners 7440-38-2 7440-70-2 7440-50-8 7439-89-6 7439-95-4 7439-96-5 7439-97-6 7440-09-7 7440-22-4 7440-23-5 7440-66-6 Arsenic Calcium Copper Iron Magnesium Manganese Mercury Potassium Silver Sodium Zinc

mg/kg GC-TI401-BC, GCTI404-BC mg/kg GC-TI405-BC mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI401-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI401-BC

mg/kg GC-TI402-BC, GCTI406-BC mg/kg GC-TI402-BC mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg GC-TI403-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI401-BC

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PAGE 1 of 2

TABLE H-2.14 Blue Crab Edible Tissue from Canal - Selection of Chemical of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue Minimum Maximum Location of Detected Detected Maximum Detection Units Concentration Frequency Value Value
0.28 0.59 J mg/kg GC-TI401-BC 10 / 12

Exposure Point

Cas Number

Chemical

Range of Detection Limits


0.28 - 2.50

Conc. Used For Screening


0.59

Background Value
---

Screening Toxicity Value


2.7 N

Potential Potential COPC ARAR/TBC ARAR/TBC Flag Value Source


----NO

Rationale for Contaminant Delection or Selection

Crab in Gowanus Canal


57-12-5 Cyanide, Total Below Screening Level

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PAGE 2 of 2

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI327-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI327-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 33 0.0033 8.72 R 0.002616 10,300 0.309 616 0.01848 33,500 1.005 619 0.01857 56.5 5.65 4,130 0.1239 2,180 0.0654 19.9 U 0 297 0.00891 7.2 4.12 2.29 U 2.29 U 78.3 2.29 U 4.93 2.29 U 17.5 2.29 U 8.25 44.1 7.35 2.29 U 94.6 32.3 85.6 245 91.8 10,300 4.58 U 152 2.29 U 6.03 64.5 1,590 45 4,220 186 11.6 2.29 U 2.29 U GC-TI401-SB-FI-1 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 532 0.0532 26.5 R 0.00795 4,410 0.1323 325 0.00975 13,500 0.405 260 0.0078 24.6 2.46 1,340 0.0402 578 0.01734 11.8 U 0 71.5 0.002145 3.13 32.2 2.27 U 5.44 913 5.67 154 22.4 459 37.2 113 146 36.1 2.27 U 248 651 2,530 3,690 929 11,000 699 1,850 7.65 41.9 1,000 2,320 657 7,030 1,790 89.6 2.27 U 2.92 R GC-TI401-SB-FI-2 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 391 0.0391 24.6 R 0.00738 3,940 0.1182 312 0.00936 12,300 0.369 231 0.00693 24.3 2.43 1,170 0.0351 497 0.01491 12.8 U 0 61.8 0.001854 3.02 16.9 2.27 U 3.22 443 4.56 98.7 11.7 306 20.8 43.5 69.6 20.4 2.27 U 132 507 1,410 2,080 423 6,970 727 1,280 4.44 27.4 597 1,320 356 4,510 1,100 46.9 2.27 U 2.27 U GC-TI401-WP-FI-1 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 440 0.044 26.6 0.00798 4,200 0.126 327 0.00981 14,200 0.426 265 0.00795 37.6 3.76 1,680 0.0504 760 0.0228 12.2 U 0 119 0.00357 4.46 8.14 2.03 U 2.65 325 2.39 71.3 10.1 210 15.2 39 70.3 20.5 2.03 U 101 399 1,460 1,850 404 6,220 602 1,140 4.52 24 640 1,430 417 4,490 1,090 57.3 2.03 U 2.03 U GC-TI401-WP-FI-2 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 631 0.0631 33 R 0.0099 4,780 0.1434 352 0.01056 16,100 0.483 322 0.00966 42.9 4.29 1,730 0.0519 756 0.02268 11.3 U 0 116 0.00348 5.08 17.6 3.93 U 4.19 465 5.9 104 15.7 323 24.5 50.7 106 30.3 3.93 U 161 652 2,230 2,830 570 8,260 987 1,560 8.33 36 943 2,270 637 6,210 1,890 106 3.93 U 3.93 U GC-TI402-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 20.9 R 0.00209 5 U 0 20,200 0.606 762 0.02286 34,100 1.023 811 0.02433 42.8 4.28 3,710 0.1113 1,970 0.0591 51.3 U 0 305 0.00915 6.14 9.41 2.28 U 3.32 90.3 2.28 U 10.5 2.28 U 34.9 3.46 8.38 35.9 8.88 2.28 U 80.4 28.2 71.8 222 82.7 5,100 69.6 209 2.28 U 5.1 65.6 747 36.5 2,150 190 14.9 2.28 U 2.28 U GC-TI402-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 28.4 0.00284 7.74 U 0 9,860 0.2958 488 0.01464 24,400 0.732 410 0.0123 35.4 3.54 2,840 0.0852 1,510 0.0453 21.6 U 0 187 0.00561 4.73 4.79 2.32 U 2.32 U 65.8 2.32 U 5.33 2.32 U 17.1 2.32 U 7.78 47.3 8.56 2.32 U 105 21.3 69.8 197 77.6 9,010 26.9 287 2.32 U 4.91 74.9 1,520 30 5,010 250 20.8 2.32 U 2.32 U GC-TI403-SB-FI-1 GC-TI403-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 312 0.0312 2.33 U 0 5,460 0.1638 394 0.01182 15,500 0.465 256 0.00768 26.6 2.66 2,480 0.0744 1,120 0.0336 22.9 U 0 164 0.00492 3.45 21.9 2.31 U 4.38 418 4.94 91.3 12 306 19.4 40.7 104 23.5 2.31 U 171 429 1,260 1,830 433 6,310 639 1,160 5.24 23.9 570 1,370 365 4,550 1,130 67.6 2.31 U 2.31 U

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35 PCB 36

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF
0.0001 0.0003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.1 0.00003 0.00003 0.03 0.00003

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI327-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI327-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 42.1 26.3 2.29 U 916 1,490 63.3 16,900 333 37.7 38.1 3,340 278 23,600 8.87 2.29 U 53.7 76.4 83.9 2,160 2,650 11,000 857 7,240 13,100 59.1 238 449 65.2 19.1 65.4 2.29 U 447 24,000 1,950 4,730 4,710 -1,500 2.29 U 15,900 4,530 6,790 22.8 GC-TI401-SB-FI-1 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 788 15.8 63 4,960 3,070 542 15,500 1,890 345 1,630 12,900 1,940 17,100 55 2.47 U 2,870 102 579 1,430 1,890 14,400 888 5,070 10,900 320 289 380 111 2.45 U 195 170 792 14,900 2,440 3,510 8,320 -3,380 60.8 19,100 3,630 11,900 121 GC-TI401-SB-FI-2 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 376 10.6 41.3 3,620 2,100 347 9,500 1,160 235 1,190 7,590 1,050 11,200 39 3.15 U 2,210 62 379 923 1,650 12,600 597 3,340 9,070 215 165 223 2.27 U 3.12 U 154 138 783 10,500 1,470 2,830 6,880 -1,990 55.1 14,100 2,760 7,000 62 GC-TI401-WP-FI-1 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 334 2.03 U 47.5 4,790 2,570 394 10,800 1,360 305 1,310 9,020 1,300 11,800 32.6 99.7 2,530 86.7 59.9 1,090 1,500 13,000 685 3,890 9,060 281 229 321 85.2 2.03 U 177 2.03 U 892 13,200 2,260 2,970 7,720 -2,620 89.5 16,500 3,410 9,730 136 GC-TI401-WP-FI-2 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 409 3.93 U 3.93 U 9,780 4,400 664 22,300 2,770 624 2,100 20,800 2,870 24,100 55.3 143 4,320 166 110 1,940 1,950 19,000 1,100 6,720 12,000 403 406 641 210 3.93 U 249 3.93 U 1,340 20,400 4,460 4,390 11,700 -5,350 163 24,800 5,740 18,800 341 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 2.28 U 74.7 2.28 U 820 1,490 2.28 U 27,100 330 27.1 39.6 3,760 370 57,900 6.86 5.54 U 74.1 27.6 136 4,950 7,030 12,500 1,360 34,900 23,900 52.4 182 336 2.28 U 35.5 145 5.28 U 771 24,400 4,090 8,510 8,800 -4,070 4.94 25,100 7,350 14,500 40.5 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 66.3 R 33 2.32 U 981 2,380 30.1 19,000 332 23 41.1 6,380 181 30,100 8.68 18.6 82.6 62.3 96.4 2,290 2,600 9,290 1,010 9,850 12,400 102 261 442 46.1 8.07 U 142 7.13 U 615 17,300 3,240 5,800 -8,130 3,190 4.84 21,000 6,400 11,900 38.3 GC-TI403-SB-FI-1 GC-TI403-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 467 22.6 50.7 5,580 2,560 460 15,300 1,460 258 1,110 13,100 1,520 17,100 34.4 2.54 U 2,040 145 88.6 1,470 1,530 11,100 1,030 4,860 8,090 278 397 599 131 29.4 214 2.42 U 959 18,600 2,760 4,430 8,920 -4,520 63.7 21,600 5,800 12,600 124

Parameter
PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 86/87/97/108/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 PCB 94

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI327-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI327-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 12.9 9.34 2.29 U 2.29 U 985 -150 -14,600 77.2 2.29 U 342 35.2 58.1 2.29 U 5,820 43,700 1,540 40.9 1,870 1,130 516 4,120 613 1,490 605 2,080 2.63 U 228 2.29 U 10,100 10,400 191 2.29 U 2.29 U 71,300 114 3,430 54.1 2.29 U 125 687 83.7 GC-TI401-SB-FI-1 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 88.2 458 19.3 2.27 U 1,300 -304 -13,300 35.5 R 2.27 U 149 19.6 66.5 30.4 2,870 21,400 1,030 136 3,350 445 1,620 6,460 1,620 790 382 1,670 2.27 U 744 3.6 4,410 15,500 115 105 21.8 25,000 50.2 1,710 61.7 2.27 U 54.5 582 36.3 GC-TI401-SB-FI-2 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 56.9 252 13.1 4.36 U 1,070 -342 -10,500 21 2.27 U 90.4 11 84.3 21.3 2,060 14,800 752 101 2,440 293 956 4,500 899 653 276 1,810 2.27 U 553 2.83 3,170 10,200 62.6 53.9 13.4 17,500 48.5 1,320 55.6 2.27 U 47.2 R 578 19.3 GC-TI401-WP-FI-1 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 70.5 326 15.2 2.03 U 1,380 -402 -12,500 32.8 3.96 U 143 16.6 109 2.03 U 2,360 20,600 933 133 3,380 501 1,460 6,450 1,320 819 366 2,150 2.03 U 700 3.27 R 5,080 13,400 100 77.2 18.8 25,100 84.7 1,690 78.5 2.03 U 98.7 R 818 32.3 GC-TI401-WP-FI-2 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 169 597 27.8 3.93 U 1,600 -515 -20,700 57.2 3.93 U 205 31 159 3.93 U 2,990 22,800 1,260 163 4,790 721 944 8,390 2,130 949 477 2,470 5.82 695 5.17 5,860 17,300 155 120 33.7 26,400 90.5 1,540 104 3.93 U 122 R 1,160 58 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 21.8 59.9 2.28 U 2.28 U 527 -104 -40,700 59.6 2.28 U 202 31.1 99.6 42.5 9,020 68,300 2,970 129 5,950 1,120 1,680 9,170 2,450 1,680 923 6,200 2.28 U 529 2.28 U 10,600 38,900 192 25.9 6.89 73,700 76 6,440 191 2.28 U 89.3 2,040 58.1 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 11.8 24.9 2.32 U 14.8 U -170 -678 25,400 67.4 2.32 U 219 30 58.4 53.4 6,600 48,500 2,250 119 5,010 972 1,300 6,620 1,750 1,190 766 4,070 3.45 U 419 2.32 U 9,790 27,800 167 11.2 3.1 52,900 102 4,870 124 2.47 U 67.7 1,530 69.5 GC-TI403-SB-FI-1 GC-TI403-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 101 540 16.6 2.31 U 1,590 -319 -17,100 73.3 3.08 U 260 34.3 94.7 48.4 4,910 33,600 1,900 154 4,460 987 897 8,340 1,870 1,440 610 2,800 2.31 U 719 4.69 9,030 19,600 207 109 23.6 41,100 60.5 2,380 114 2.31 U 99.2 1,120 83.9

Parameter
PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 107/124 PCB 108/124 PCB 109 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI327-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI327-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 5,240 2,110 962 994 395 78.3 2,420 2,850 910 19,000 64.9 61.3 7,510 55.4 2.29 U 16,900 89.1 1,310 298 2.29 U 2,770 733 1,490 341 3,570 713 2,470 2,840 5.93 111 1,800 219 847 869 424,000 475,000 GC-TI401-SB-FI-1 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 2,200 1,100 388 1,120 193 365 1,900 1,110 1,240 7,480 39.1 41 3,590 22.8 2.27 U 8,580 51.2 650 129 2.27 U 742 382 628 155 1,290 270 700 1,230 2.6 R 51.4 611 96.1 272 286 348,000 369,000 GC-TI401-SB-FI-2 GC-TI401-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 1,770 725 334 1,010 137 212 1,220 730 801 5,860 27.4 27.3 2,320 11.7 2.27 U 5,570 26 463 100 2.27 U 825 308 495 105 1,080 188 511 887 2.27 U 38.6 521 75.8 234 264 244,000 263,000 GC-TI401-WP-FI-1 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 2,820 1,110 567 1,380 216 282 1,330 1,310 1,190 8,940 41 42.4 3,790 29.2 2.03 U 8,360 43 691 150 5.43 1,360 471 789 155 1,720 309 922 1,460 5.18 66.2 816 125 287 448 302,000 324,000 GC-TI401-WP-FI-2 GC-TI401-WP White Perch Fillet Conc TEQ 2,800 1,040 647 1,850 194 324 1,840 1,370 1,430 8,500 54.4 58.8 3,210 29.7 3.93 U 9,080 53.3 657 125 4.01 1,360 461 767 174 1,960 300 960 1,530 6.73 66.6 1,200 165 431 606 437,000 462,000 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 9,430 3,990 1,630 3,590 612 371 7,220 3,280 1,930 26,200 108 74.9 11,900 41.1 2.28 U 22,900 66.6 2,590 527 2.28 U 2,820 1,590 2,200 337 3,880 579 1,220 3,560 4.58 190 1,400 207 473 496 684,000 746,000 GC-TI402-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI402-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 5,380 2,890 958 2,390 429 273 5,160 2,490 1,490 16,800 90.1 68.4 8,470 50.3 2.32 U 17,500 79.8 1,900 342 2.32 U 1,890 1,050 1,590 334 3,200 519 1,390 3,280 5.59 133 1,610 236 576 759 480,000 519,000 GC-TI403-SB-FI-1 GC-TI403-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 3,900 1,560 806 1,870 287 341 2,720 1,920 1,260 12,600 66.5 78.2 4,990 28.6 2.31 U 12,200 65.6 1,010 193 2.31 U 1,960 640 1,080 246 2,720 460 1,420 2,200 4.9 95.3 1,300 186 598 585 409,000 435,000

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI403-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 32.9 0.00329 2.29 U 0 22,200 0.666 1,190 0.0357 35,800 1.074 1,110 0.0333 88.7 8.87 8,430 0.2529 3,620 0.1086 76 U 0 485 0.01455 11.1 12.8 2.29 U 2.44 R 159 2.29 U 10.8 2.29 U 34.1 3.25 45.7 U 61.6 12.3 2.29 U 123 59.6 174 606 218 8,510 91.4 U 795 45.7 U 45.7 U 213 1,190 107 3,030 543 45.7 U 45.7 U 45.7 U GC-TI403-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 33.6 0.00336 5.25 U 0 14,100 0.423 827 0.02481 34,600 1.038 816 0.02448 51.7 5.17 5,090 0.1527 2,130 0.0639 21.3 U 0 346 0.01038 6.91 9.06 2.3 U 2.46 88 2.3 U 6.55 2.3 U 18.6 2.3 U 6.72 40.1 8.71 2.3 U 79.7 24.5 87.9 392 131 5,270 18.6 407 2.3 U 8.28 101 660 58.1 1,630 270 21.7 2.3 U 2.3 U GC-TI403-XAE-FI-3 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 31.1 0.00311 2.26 U 0 17,300 0.519 1,030 0.0309 32,500 0.975 901 0.02703 72.7 7.27 6,770 0.2031 2,850 0.0855 55.6 U 0 388 0.01164 9.13 9.54 2.26 U 2.26 U 92.2 2.26 U 7.8 2.26 U 23.7 2.93 9.35 38.8 8.6 2.26 U 102 33.9 U 82.9 344 116 5,810 67.8 U 323 33.9 U 33.9 U 119 882 61.2 2,250 306 33.9 U 33.9 U 33.9 U GC-TI406-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 301 J 0.0301 28.2 R 0.00846 4,990 J 0.1497 412 J 0.01236 15,700 J 0.471 315 J 0.00945 35.4 J 3.54 2,050 J 0.0615 914 J 0.02742 19.5 U 0 136 J 0.00408 4.31 6.63 J 2.29 U 2.46 J 340 J 4.23 R 60.4 J 8.59 J 281 J 14.4 J 34.8 J 39.1 J 15.4 J 2.29 U 104 J 576 J 1,360 J 2,110 J 349 J 6,550 J 693 J 1,230 J 3.98 J 29.8 J 477 J 1,130 J 356 J 3,670 J 1,140 J 39.8 J 2.29 U 2.29 U GC-TI406-SB-FI-2 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 287 0.0287 17.1 R 0.00513 4,670 0.1401 375 0.01125 14,600 0.438 248 0.00744 21.1 2.11 2,050 0.0615 937 0.02811 20.6 U 0 136 0.00408 2.83 4.84 2.32 U 2.32 U 196 2.69 R 56.7 6.48 194 11.5 18.3 24 10.3 R 2.32 U 66 306 816 1,410 200 4,410 407 880 3.34 19.9 374 833 218 2,300 722 36.5 2.32 U 2.32 U GC-TI406-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI406-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 50.8 0.00508 8.95 R 0.002685 33,400 1.002 1,970 0.0591 73,800 2.214 1,840 0.0552 101 10.1 13,800 0.414 7,080 0.2124 70.7 U 0 1,200 0.036 14.1 3.03 2.28 U 2.28 U 129 2.28 U 5.28 2.28 U 34.1 2.57 10.7 47.4 12.2 2.28 U 160 63.2 139 449 167 10,200 46.1 359 2.28 U 11.6 72.3 1,280 61.3 3,780 301 10.4 2.28 U 2.28 U

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35 PCB 36

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF
0.0001 0.0003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.1 0.00003 0.00003 0.03 0.00003

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI403-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 230 64.8 45.7 U 2,060 3,490 156 26,700 535 89.9 142 7,200 1,200 43,900 15 2.29 U 246 83.4 161 3,500 4,370 7,680 1,660 13,600 12,600 137 398 440 2.29 U 50.2 379 2.29 U 1,220 33,200 5,620 10,400 14,200 -5,400 10.7 43,900 7,850 26,300 98.3 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 134 24.6 3.38 1,310 2,770 67.5 24,700 649 50 94.6 6,900 768 36,300 11.6 12.8 R 160 47.6 92.6 2,640 2,620 5,740 942 12,300 10,000 88.9 239 289 59.6 5.54 U 175 4.9 U 860 31,700 3,610 8,440 -9,860 4,310 8.92 30,200 7,200 16,700 104 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-3 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 223 59.2 33.9 U 1,410 1,970 200 21,900 589 48.5 67.9 5,250 688 38,500 8.48 2.26 U 99.9 63.4 137 2,950 3,540 7,300 1,400 12,000 11,300 104 331 447 171 50.5 203 2.26 U 806 31,800 4,600 8,910 9,180 -4,230 10.2 R 35,600 8,060 20,800 134 GC-TI406-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 306 J 12.4 J 44.3 J 3,790 J 1,820 J 333 J 10,100 J 1,080 J 214 J 1,120 J 7,500 J 1,000 J 11,200 J 27.4 J 2.29 U 1,620 J 75.3 J 40 J 967 J 2,090 J 11,300 J 668 J 3,220 J 9,570 J 199 J 195 J 277 J 2.29 U 12.9 J 133 J 2.29 U 620 J 16,100 J 1,320 J 3,360 J 7,030 J -2,040 J 48.9 J 14,500 J 3,370 J 7,430 J 47.8 J GC-TI406-SB-FI-2 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 273 16.8 40.6 4,430 1,780 344 10,300 937 146 1,010 9,010 900 11,200 16.7 2.32 U 1,700 122 70.2 1,010 1,370 9,860 824 3,150 7,960 229 310 485 2.32 U 19.8 187 2.32 U 794 17,500 1,660 3,840 8,290 -3,360 55.1 19,800 4,990 9,140 55.3 GC-TI406-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI406-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 288 61.2 2.28 U 1,810 2,840 38.3 38,700 438 63.4 61.7 4,360 394 39,800 13.9 32.7 81.4 57.5 156 4,340 6,520 22,100 1,440 20,200 27,700 102 284 522 26.7 48.4 129 6.81 U 1,280 58,500 3,130 13,300 -9,190 3,580 7.9 30,600 7,430 10,700 31

Parameter
PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 86/87/97/108/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 PCB 94

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI403-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 46.1 108 3.06 2.74 U 1,350 -248 -43,700 88 2.29 U 348 52.4 150 154 14,100 111,000 4,730 344 8,440 1,720 2,670 22,000 4,660 4,150 1,530 7,890 2.29 U 1,170 2.29 U 17,100 70,000 327 41.1 7 116,000 126 9,310 224 2.29 U 213 2,370 83.3 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 36.5 80.2 2.3 U 19.4 U -118 -771 33,100 85.8 2.3 U 292 43.6 111 51.6 9,390 77,600 3,630 172 5,310 1,430 1,810 9,250 2,580 2,350 1,060 4,360 3.59 U 667 2.3 U 14,100 41,400 249 29.6 8.81 89,100 397 6,600 42.9 2.57 U 92.3 1,360 76.2 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-3 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 29.7 40.3 2.26 U 2.26 U 1,010 -181 -38,600 85.5 2.26 U 326 49.6 116 2.26 U 12,600 92,700 3,940 226 7,920 1,470 2,240 23,300 3,730 3,340 1,260 6,850 2.26 U 789 2.26 U 14,400 59,100 305 19.8 11.1 105,000 123 8,260 209 2.26 U 140 1,950 74.4 GC-TI406-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 49.5 J 366 J 10.8 J 2.29 U 1,290 J -338 J -9,630 J 34.8 J 2.29 U 175 J 19.1 J 71 J 36.1 J 3,250 J 24,600 J 874 J 82.5 J 2,210 J 485 J 401 J 7,030 J 1,050 J 1,110 J 443 J 2,290 J 2.29 U 653 J 2.29 U 5,260 J 12,300 J 127 J 97.9 J 12.9 J 36,200 J 64.7 J 2,030 J 69.4 J 2.29 U 79.9 J 650 J 36.9 J GC-TI406-SB-FI-2 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 74.8 540 16.7 2.32 U 1,720 -348 -14,100 61.9 2.32 U 249 30 77.5 54.5 4,210 29,800 1,360 129 3,380 789 604 8,770 1,560 1,330 587 2,780 2.32 U 770 3.1 8,360 16,300 208 154 24.3 37,000 80.9 2,010 100 2.32 U 104 1,060 70.4 GC-TI406-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI406-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 21.3 20 2.28 U 42.8 U -178 -1,190 36,100 181 2.28 U 736 96.6 129 189 18,000 141,000 5,280 96.3 3,930 2,870 1,700 10,100 1,570 5,220 1,790 9,490 4.92 U 346 2.28 U 29,700 34,300 508 8.04 2.64 219,000 413 11,800 196 3.58 U 305 2,930 189

Parameter
PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 107/124 PCB 108/124 PCB 109 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.8 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Large Fish Species Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
GC-TI403-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 14,800 6,550 2,400 4,150 919 850 9,830 4,360 3,130 39,600 193 126 18,000 77.2 2.29 U 35,900 117 4,470 866 2.29 U 4,270 2,690 3,630 635 5,910 937 1,460 6,250 7.84 345 2,420 338 754 764 918,000 991,000 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-2 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 8,330 3,850 1,590 1,700 626 470 7,250 3,970 2,370 24,800 98.5 77.1 11,800 90.2 2.3 U 25,900 113 2,810 561 3.08 3,840 1,700 2,840 538 5,550 1,130 2,820 5,000 8.75 242 2,730 394 987 1,280 665,000 723,000 GC-TI403-XAE-FI-3 GC-TI403-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 12,000 5,360 1,900 3,700 757 585 8,750 3,500 3,010 33,200 155 107 15,200 66.1 2.26 U 29,500 110 3,810 734 2.26 U 3,980 2,180 2.26 U 525 5,110 730 1,460 5,300 6.27 278 2,180 318 688 637 782,000 844,000 GC-TI406-SB-FI-1 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 4,060 J 1,420 J 669 J 1,170 J 242 J 261 J 1,570 J 1,310 J 1,120 J 12,300 J 54.2 J 48.9 J 4,740 J 20.6 J 2.29 U 8,870 J 71.8 J 984 J 210 J 2.29 U 1,570 J 602 J 978 J 167 J 1,720 J 329 J 862 J 1,660 J 2.9 J 76 J 845 J 127 J 344 J 396 J 308,000 332,000 GC-TI406-SB-FI-2 GC-TI406-SB Striped Bass Fillet Conc TEQ 4,130 1,550 882 1,700 291 317 2,010 1,710 1,270 12,200 68.8 82.1 4,850 27.4 2.32 U 11,400 84.2 949 195 2.32 U 1,590 648 1,090 244 2,560 436 1,250 2,100 5.42 81.2 1,040 167 504 470 345,000 369,000 GC-TI406-XAE-FI-1 GC-TI406-XAE American Eel Fillet Conc TEQ 27,200 8,160 5,190 4,490 1,450 225 11,900 8,320 2,480 99,800 324 204 28,200 129 2.28 U 67,800 397 6,320 1,560 2.28 U 12,100 3,640 8,040 975 17,000 2,390 6,790 13,600 19.3 539 6,190 844 2,870 2,950 1,220,000 1,350,000

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF
0.0001 0.0003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.1 0.00003 0.00003 0.03 0.00003

GC-TI401-402-BC-HP-1 GC-TI401-402-BC Blue Crab Hepatopancreas Conc TEQ 1,010 0.101 45.8 0.01374 6,150 0.1845 466 0.01398 20,300 0.609 410 0.0123 60 6 2,750 0.0825 1,330 0.0399 12.1 U 0 219 0.00657 7.06 11.9 4.59 U 14 40.9 4.59 U 17.7 7.32 78.6 5.6 4.59 U 87.6 15 4.59 U 670 21.3 40.8 62.6 8.38 8,320 63.3 59.8 4.59 U 4.59 U 35.2 50.7 9.19 231 40.7 4.59 U 4.59 U

GC-TI401-BC-ED-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 335 0.0335 19.6 0.00588 2,600 0.078 194 0.00582 8,380 0.2514 181 0.00543 19.6 1.96 1,140 0.0342 523 0.01569 6.03 U 0 76.9 0.002307 2.39 5.94 2.28 U 5.89 21.3 2.28 U 9.29 3.61 35.6 2.5 2.28 U 38.6 7.34 2.28 U 275 8.5 20.5 24.2 4.32 4,010 26.8 24.1 2.28 U 2.28 U 13.2 18.4 3.99 81.5 19.7 2.28 U 2.28 U

GC-TI401-BC-ED-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 514 0.0514 26.6 0.00798 3,200 0.096 215 0.00645 9,730 0.2919 213 0.00639 27.6 2.76 1,200 0.036 604 0.01812 6.63 U 0 91.4 0.002742 3.28 4.33 2.32 U 4.02 16.8 2.32 U 7.6 2.32 U 30.1 2.32 U 2.32 U 57.7 10.9 2.32 U 437 6.34 21 24.1 3.34 5,410 29.7 36.1 2.32 U 2.32 U 14.9 19.3 5.88 72.3 30.4 3.63 2.32 U

GC-TI401-BC-WB-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 598 0.0598 29.8 0.00894 3,980 0.1194 300 0.009 13,000 0.39 270 0.0081 35.3 3.53 1,770 0.0531 837 0.02511 0 U 0 132 0.00396 4.21 8.26 0 U 9.04 28.9 0 U 12.6 5.05 52.3 3.71 0 U 57.7 10.5 0 U 429 13.5 28.4 46.6 5.9 5,690 43.8 38 0 U 0 U 21.8 40 9.67 140 35.8 2.7 U 0 R

GC-TI401-BC-WB-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 702 0.0702 33.9 0.01017 4,320 0.1296 310 0.0093 13,700 0.411 288 0.00864 39.9 3.99 1,790 0.0537 880 0.0264 0 U 0 140 0.0042 4.71 7.2 0 U 7.81 25.9 0 U 11.4 2.78 U 48.5 2.13 U 0 U 69.1 12.6 0 U 525 12 28.5 46 5.25 6,510 45.2 45.1 0 U 0 U 22.6 40.1 10.7 133 42.1 4.89 0 R

GC-TI402-BC-ED-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 464 0.0464 27.5 0.00825 2,370 0.0711 179 0.00537 6,980 0.2094 175 0.00525 24.7 2.47 917 0.02751 434 0.01302 5.18 U 0 68 0.00204 2.86 2.31 U 2.31 U 2.31 U 6 2.31 U 3.37 2.31 U 11.7 2.31 U 2.31 U 21 7.67 2.31 U 443 2.6 10.2 10.7 2.31 U 4,910 27.3 18.5 2.31 U 2.31 U 8.8 9.35 2.4 37.9 19.6 2.31 U 2.31 U

GC-TI402-BC-ED-2 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 629 0.0629 32.6 0.00978 3,780 0.1134 260 0.0078 10,700 0.321 237 0.00711 31.5 3.15 1,290 0.0387 600 0.018 5.37 U 0 90.8 0.002724 3.73 3.4 2.29 U 2.29 U 16.4 2.29 U 5.8 2.29 U 19 2.29 U 2.29 U 47.8 8.23 2.29 U 677 7.33 20.3 31.7 5.35 7,380 29.1 23 2.29 U 2.29 U 12.7 22.3 5.41 68.7 22.7 2.29 U 2.29 U

GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc 681 34.8 3,870 293 12,300 268 38.7 1,650 790 0 U 128 4.53 4.73 U 0 U 5.57 U 19.9 0 U 9.07 2.91 U 38.3 2.23 U 0 U 47.5 10.7 0 U 533 10 22.4 39 3.33 U 6,270 44.5 34.9 0 U 0 U 19.3 35.1 8.84 115 36.1 2.76 U 0 R

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

GC-TI401-402-BC-HP-1 GC-TI401-402-BC Blue Crab Hepatopancreas Conc TEQ 4.59 U 1,560 4.59 U 7.61 217 58.2 9.78 7,790 10.3 4.59 U 21.7 220 11 144 4.59 U 4.59 U 113 5.63 7.99 470 4.59 U 7,530 117 108 11,000 4.59 U 66 31 7.06 4.59 U 22.6 4.59 U 14.6 16,300 16.1 2,450 1,230 63.1 4.59 U 907 132 744

GC-TI401-BC-ED-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 2.28 U 585 2.28 U 4.29 50 27.2 2.66 4,740 5.14 2.28 U 6.81 80.1 4.55 U 48.3 2.28 U 2.28 U 30.7 2.28 U 3.07 335 1,050 3,280 53.3 54 4,710 6.81 34.9 13.7 3.86 2.28 U 17.3 2.28 U 6.99 8,900 8.99 1,370 678 32.3 2.28 U 353 40.1 353

GC-TI401-BC-ED-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 5.46 827 2.32 U 5.59 139 26.3 5.93 5,270 5.78 2.32 U 8.88 46.3 4.63 U 42.3 2.32 U 2.32 U 42.3 2.32 U 3.83 332 1,480 4,370 49.5 39.6 6,780 6.6 37.5 15.3 9.75 2.32 U 20.4 2.32 U 6.1 9,700 12.1 1,530 722 30.8 2.32 U 257 30.7 440

GC-TI401-BC-WB-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 0 U 964 0 U 5.58 223 39.3 11 5,930 7.15 0 U 17 135 8.01 133 0 U 0 U 66.2 6.46 6.12 388 1,030 4,930 78.1 75 7,160 12.6 47 21.7 7.77 0 U 19.4 0 U 9.95 11,800 11.9 1,790 893 44.3 0 U 568 116 505

GC-TI401-BC-WB-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 3.39 1,110 0 U 6.36 275 38.4 12.9 6,230 7.5 0 U 18 112 7.82 127 0 U 0 U 72.6 6.3 6.51 384 1,290 5,570 75.1 65.6 8,380 12.3 48.3 22.5 11.3 0 U 21.2 0 U 9.33 12,200 13.8 1,880 915 43.1 0 U 504 108 555

GC-TI402-BC-ED-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 2.31 U 945 2.31 U 2.42 92.6 13.8 5.38 3,490 4.62 U 2.31 U 5.59 18.6 4.62 U 19.8 2.31 U 2.31 U 20.2 2.31 U 2.31 U 213 1,540 3,450 23.3 23.7 5,510 2.57 16.3 5.71 2.47 2.31 U 12.8 2.31 U 4.2 6,650 11.5 1,140 488 17.5 2.31 U 102 11.7 328

GC-TI402-BC-ED-2 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 2.29 U 1,240 2.29 U 5.24 63.7 24.7 8.34 6,260 10.8 2.29 U 12.5 47.7 8.26 65.8 2.29 U 2.29 U 28.1 2.29 U 2.29 U 412 2,020 5,260 44.4 46.4 8,500 6.58 30.7 10.3 2.77 2.29 U 21.5 2.29 U 8.63 10,500 18.1 1,800 798 39.3 2.29 U 240 31.5 592

GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc 0 U 1,190 0 U 4.48 253 31.5 12.9 5,200 4.09 0 U 16.4 98.7 8.19 118 0 U 0 U 60.7 6.6 4.33 315 1,320 5,070 60.5 57.2 7,690 10.1 36.1 17.1 7.01 0 U 16.7 0 U 8.33 10,500 13.5 1,660 783 35.6 0 U 422 100 493

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

GC-TI401-402-BC-HP-1 GC-TI401-402-BC Blue Crab Hepatopancreas Conc TEQ 8.16 4.59 U 4.59 U 4.59 U 5.16 U 633 31.2 813 45.3 4.59 U 175 20.2 5.99 U 27.7 2,450 22,200 313 4.59 U 28.9 553 9.19 U 1,640 7.54 1,150 449 86.3 4.59 U 32 4.59 U 4,690 1,040 117 4.59 U 4.59 U 40,900 48.7 2,720 4.59 U 4.59 U 84.2 4.59 U 30.3

GC-TI401-BC-ED-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 4.28 2.28 U 2.28 U 2.28 U 2.28 U 275 6.89 355 21.6 2.28 U 101 11.2 2.28 U 2.28 U 1,290 10,100 123 2.72 9.2 312 4.55 U 737 4.52 579 238 42.6 2.28 U 12.3 2.28 U 2,330 413 71.1 2.28 U 2.28 U 18,300 26.5 1,100 2.28 U 2.28 U 34.3 25.6 19.3

GC-TI401-BC-ED-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 14.3 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 330 8.39 304 16.7 2.32 U 101 11.1 2.32 U 2.32 U 1,430 11,100 110 4.23 4.3 246 4.63 U 891 4.36 515 251 17 2.32 U 10.9 2.32 U 2,360 350 73.1 2.32 U 2.32 U 21,100 39.4 1,240 2.32 U 2.32 U 38 11 14.1

GC-TI401-BC-WB-1 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 9.34 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 414 17.4 533 30.8 0 U 130 14.7 3.28 U 10.8 R 1,740 14,800 197 1.66 16.9 406 0 U 1,090 5.69 801 320 59.6 0 U 20 0 U 3,250 657 89 0 U 0 U 27,100 35.1 1,730 0 U 0 U 53.7 29.5 23.6

GC-TI401-BC-WB-2 GC-TI402-BC-ED-1 GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 15.4 5.08 0 U 2.31 U 0 U 2.31 U 0 U 2.31 U 0 U 2.31 U 445 187 18 4.62 U 497 222 27.6 11.3 0 U 2.31 U 129 65.4 14.6 6.49 3.2 U 2.31 U 10.5 R 2.31 U 1,820 1,040 15,300 7,530 187 44.2 2.62 2.49 13.6 2.68 363 168 0 U 4.62 U 1,180 686 5.57 3.43 756 414 326 189 43.3 11.9 0 U 2.31 U 18.9 7.08 0 U 2.31 U 3,240 1,430 612 163 89.8 52.8 0 U 2.31 U 0 U 2.31 U 28,600 14,200 42.9 26.3 1,800 986 0 U 2.31 U 0 U 2.31 U 55.5 26.5 20.4 3.27 20.2 8.71

GC-TI402-BC-ED-2 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 6.2 2.29 U 2.29 U 2.29 U 2.29 U 300 6.13 364 21 2.29 U 102 12.4 2.29 U 2.29 U 1,560 12,200 84.3 3.61 8.6 316 4.57 U 945 9.86 612 281 21.7 2.29 U 12.8 2.29 U 2,230 351 80.2 2.29 U 2.29 U 19,500 57.7 1,400 2.29 U 2.29 U 38.8 6.22 17.3

GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc 9.94 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 364 13.4 457 24.8 0 U 109 11.9 3.35 U 11 R 1,600 13,400 151 1.5 13.1 321 0 U 1,070 5.06 707 292 41.5 0 U 17 0 U 2,730 512 78.3 0 U 0 U 24,800 35.2 1,680 0 U 0 U 49.4 16.2 17.3

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

GC-TI401-BC-ED-1 GC-TI401-402-BC-HP-1 GC-TI401-402-BC GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Hepatopancreas Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 4,130 1,170 1,480 581 807 267 55.3 22.7 209 88.1 12 5.43 1,260 282 1,330 709 17.8 6.83 14,900 5,340 54.2 28 37.8 28.3 5,200 2,100 16.1 12.6 4.59 U 2.28 U 9,810 4,410 60.4 34.1 1,190 376 261 87.3 4.59 U 2.28 U 1,760 629 571 157 1,170 477 144 73.4 2,210 842 312 143 728 486 1,390 546 4.59 U 2.48 38.7 11.6 472 260 90.8 66.8 248 227 222 215 192,000 87,800 224,000 101,000

GC-TI401-BC-ED-2 GC-TI401-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 1,310 730 222 9.65 98.5 4.72 270 654 2.81 6,390 26.4 22 2,590 14.6 2.32 U 5,150 44 435 105 2.32 U 647 160 467 79.3 680 167 446 520 2.32 U 11.7 238 52.4 150 184 101,000 117,000

GC-TI401-BC-WB-1 GC-TI401-BC-WB-2 GC-TI402-BC-ED-1 GC-TI402-BC-ED-2 GC-TI401-BC GC-TI401-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 2,320 2,380 1,200 1,630 931 1,010 583 803 477 444 199 314 35.4 27 5.93 14.2 135 140 70.3 108 7.99 7.48 3.09 6.36 662 646 117 209 951 911 467 783 11.1 8.5 2.31 U 4.11 9,060 9,620 4,680 6,640 38.2 37 21.6 33.2 32 28 15.4 26.4 3,310 3,580 1,810 2,580 14 15.2 8.92 16.2 0 U 0 U 2.31 U 2.29 U 6,510 6,920 2,820 4,440 44.3 50.2 32.5 45.9 693 722 345 492 155 164 85.7 122 0 U 0 U 2.31 U 2.29 U 1,070 1,070 520 686 318 316 167 228 747 734 368 567 101 104 47.9 82 1,370 1,260 634 862 209 222 104 150 580 553 314 418 874 850 426 615 1.52 0 U 2.31 U 2.72 22.1 21.9 13 18.4 342 327 303 314 76.1 67 45.5 71.1 235 187 183 208 218 198 185 225 129,000 136,000 73,000 110,000 150,000 158,000 84,600 127,000

GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc 2,360 940 441 25.6 125 6.63 571 810 7.08 8,740 34.6 24.3 3,160 11.8 0 U 5,600 43.6 681 155 0 U 1,010 328 687 86.1 1,260 187 479 809 0 U 23.2 370 63.5 209 200 121,000 141,000

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body TEQ TEF 0.0001 0.0681 0.0003 0.01044 0.00003 0.1161 0.00003 0.00879 0.00003 0.369 0.00003 0.00804 0.1 3.87 0.00003 0.0495 0.00003 0.0237 0.03 0 0.00003 0.00384 GC-TI403-404-405-406-BC-HP-2 GC-TI402-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-THRU-406-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Hepatopan Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 777 0.0777 378 0.0378 544 0.0544 37.7 0.01131 21.5 0.00645 26.7 0.00801 4,700 0.141 2,240 0.0672 3,330 0.0999 340 0.0102 153 0.00459 223 0.00669 14,400 0.432 6,410 0.1923 10,100 0.303 304 0.00912 139 0.00417 231 0.00693 42.6 4.26 22 2.2 30 3 1,860 0.0558 928 0.02784 1,350 0.0405 884 0.02652 471 0.01413 660 0.0198 0 U 0 6 U 0 6.84 U 0 141 0.00423 71.1 0.002133 101 0.00303 5.03 2.56 3.54 6.71 4.62 U 3.05 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 5.45 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 25.9 12.8 12.7 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 10.4 11.3 5.07 2.85 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 42.2 34.2 17.9 2.18 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 63.3 63.1 60.2 11 15.4 11.3 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 674 312 597 12.8 12 4.63 28.3 29.9 16.1 51.2 81.9 17 6.53 4.62 U 3.36 7,750 3,390 5,930 45.2 70.6 31.4 37.3 51.8 26.1 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 21.5 27.1 10.1 42.4 74 13.3 10.5 18.6 4.08 132 170 51.1 37.6 61.1 19.8 2.7 U 6.94 2.94 0 R 4.93 R 2.32 U

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin

NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI403-BC-ED-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 701 0.0701 38.7 0.01161 4,120 0.1236 279 0.00837 12,000 0.36 263 0.00789 37.8 3.78 1,650 0.0495 745 0.02235 8.24 U 0 109 0.00327 4.44 2.3 U 2.3 U 2.3 U 12.2 2.3 U 6.59 2.3 U 20.4 2.3 U 2.3 U 50.1 19.2 2.3 U 928 5.68 24.1 33 3.24 7,400 36.6 R 40.8 2.3 U 2.3 U 20.2 27.3 6.7 117 32 2.96 2.7

GC-TI403-BC-WB-1 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 722 0.0722 34 0.0102 4,400 0.132 316 0.00948 14,000 0.42 299 0.00897 41.4 4.14 1,880 0.0564 915 0.02745 0 U 0 146 0.00438 4.88 6.42 0 U 5.33 U 23.4 0 U 9.88 2.79 U 41 2.13 U 0 U 70.6 12.9 0 U 625 11 25.5 41.7 5.27 6,840 46.3 38.9 0 U 0 U 19.7 36.4 9.61 120 35.5 4.46 0 R

GC-TI403-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 816 0.0816 41.3 0.01239 4,880 0.1464 349 0.01047 15,100 0.453 318 0.00954 46.1 4.61 2,060 0.0618 963 0.02889 0 U 0 150 0.0045 5.42 4.43 U 0 U 5.21 U 22.9 0 U 10.7 2.73 U 42.1 2.09 U 0 U 64.1 17.8 0 U 832 11.5 30.3 51.2 5.15 7,740 26.3 R 47.9 0 U 0 U 25.8 44.7 11.1 159 42.8 4.44 1.69 R

GC-TI404-BC-ED-1 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 432 R 0.0432 23.8 0.00714 2,540 0.0762 176 0.00528 7,390 0.2217 151 0.00453 20.8 2.08 931 0.02793 457 0.01371 4.46 U 0 65.5 0.001965 2.44 2.3 U 2.3 U 2.3 U 15.4 2.3 U 14.4 2.3 U 40.2 2.3 U 2.3 U 60.5 24.1 2.3 U 506 7.44 48.4 65.9 3.99 4,580 51.6 83.2 2.3 U 2.3 U 39.7 62.1 16 216 79.1 6.48 5.06

GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 360 R 20.4 1,920 137 5,450 132 16.5 702 346 3.69 U 56.3 1.92 2.31 U 2.31 U 2.31 U 17.3 2.31 U 13.8 2.31 U 33.4 2.31 U 2.31 U 36.5 24 2.31 U 439 7.68 41.8 44.4 6.46 4,430 44.9 56.1 2.31 U 2.31 U 31.3 39.9 11.1 125 56.3 4.06 2.82

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin GC-TI403-404-405-406-BC-HP-2 GC-TI402-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-THRU-406-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Hepatopan Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 0 U 4.62 U 3.7 1,360 673 986 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 6.16 4.71 4.38 232 496 80.8 37.7 32.3 20.3 14.5 24.2 4.58 6,860 2,540 5,250 10.6 9.38 4.86 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 20.4 32.9 6.33 115 132 26 13.1 20.6 4.63 U 144 266 28.9 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 64.6 122 22.9 6.46 16.6 2.32 U 4.24 10.9 2.32 U 435 173 332 1,620 987 1,560 6,140 2,960 4,160 72.6 44.3 40.5 70.4 89.6 25 9,470 4,160 6,740 12.4 21.6 2.32 U 44.4 28.1 31.5 19.6 34.3 9.84 7.1 13.9 4.37 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 21.9 15 17.6 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 11 13.4 7.91 12,800 5,510 10,600 17.5 16.5 8.33 2,050 868 1,550 966 545 734 48.6 36 18 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 499 498 152 111 235 8.9 651 407 538

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

GC-TI403-BC-ED-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 3.38 1,390 2.3 U 4.71 112 35.6 7.05 6,180 8.9 2.3 U 14.8 67.6 8.49 78.5 2.3 U 2.3 U 41.2 2.3 U 2.3 U 363 1,990 5,200 51.1 60.5 8,050 10.1 35.2 14.5 2.65 2.3 U 21.5 2.3 U 11 11,200 13.2 1,880 796 42.9 2.3 U 276 32.8 610

GC-TI403-BC-WB-1 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 2.29 1,200 0 U 5.61 239 34.7 12.1 6,220 6.93 0 U 16.5 99.9 7.85 119 0 U 0 U 60.6 6.32 4.15 385 1,340 5,440 69.6 56.6 8,360 8.23 U 44.6 19.2 8 0 U 19.5 0 U 10.5 12,800 11.4 1,890 923 35.2 0 U 440 95 616

GC-TI403-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 2.12 1,450 0 U 5.79 255 44 13.4 6,780 9.42 0 U 21.5 124 13 148 0 U 0 U 71.3 6.18 4.06 403 1,620 6,070 75.6 78.2 9,150 14.4 46.7 21.9 6.84 0 U 21.9 0 U 12.3 13,100 14.4 2,090 958 50.4 0 U 511 108 660

GC-TI404-BC-ED-1 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 4.64 834 2.3 U 7.01 287 70.1 17.8 3,270 22.2 2.81 34.7 182 20.7 220 2.3 U 2.3 U 123 4.81 5.32 201 1,110 3,130 72.6 134 5,180 15.6 38.4 25.3 12.2 2.3 U 18.4 2.3 U 11.1 6,660 29 1,180 554 105 2.3 U 553 98 481

GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 2.31 U 776 2.31 U 3.38 153 42.3 12.4 3,040 12.6 3.14 20.4 66.7 11.1 78.1 2.31 U 2.31 U 64.5 2.47 2.31 U 193 1,020 2,760 36.7 65.7 4,420 8.19 17.8 9.19 3.52 2.31 U 12.1 2.31 U 7.76 5,670 25.5 920 468 37.6 2.31 U 191 35.8 369

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin GC-TI403-404-405-406-BC-HP-2 GC-TI402-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-THRU-406-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Hepatopan Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 10.5 17.3 9.39 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 430 386 276 16.9 33.8 4.63 U 539 554 258 30.5 37.9 19.6 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 130 87 110 15.4 9.09 10.3 3.28 U 8.43 2.32 U 10.8 R 12.2 R 2.32 U 1,910 821 1,540 16,100 7,520 11,800 173 105 78.8 2.21 4.62 U 2.98 16.5 21.6 3.1 408 420 328 0 U 9.23 U 4.63 U 1,220 639 1,180 8.96 5.5 3.04 821 359 617 346 135 299 46.8 68.9 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 20.3 19.4 7.56 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 3,190 1,680 2,180 619 386 196 94.5 45.8 90.8 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 27,800 11,600 24,900 54.2 19.4 42.1 1,910 822 1,450 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 56.5 59.9 35.1 17.7 35.7 5.65 22.4 24.5 17.6

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

GC-TI403-BC-ED-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 8.55 2.3 U 2.65 2.3 U 2.3 U 342 8.57 374 20.5 2.3 U 116 11.5 2.3 U 2.3 U 1,900 13,600 91.3 4.6 9.88 364 4.59 U 1,250 6.41 773 338 29.2 2.3 U 14.3 2.3 U 2,680 379 95.6 2.3 U 2.3 U 26,300 44.5 1,830 2.3 U 2.3 U 42.9 9.59 18

GC-TI403-BC-WB-1 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 12.4 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 412 12.9 469 29.4 0 U 135 14.1 3.21 U 10.6 R 1,890 15,800 168 1.84 12.9 414 0 U 1,360 4.75 820 356 32.9 0 U 16.9 0 U 3,140 518 101 0 U 0 U 31,000 44.6 1,930 0 U 0 U 53.8 17.1 22.4

GC-TI403-BC-WB-2 GC-TI404-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-BC GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 11.8 19.8 0 U 2.3 U 1.66 10.1 0 U 2.3 U 0 U 2.3 U 450 336 18 20.5 537 506 29.7 13.6 0 U 2.3 U 138 75.2 14.7 7.11 3.14 U 2.3 U 10.3 R 2.3 U 2,100 1,090 16,800 8,670 174 129 2.89 5.81 17 14.2 434 214 0 U 7.77 1,400 732 6.83 13.5 913 408 379 184 50.5 50 0 U 2.3 U 20.9 25.1 0 U 2.3 U 3,430 1,780 625 765 104 54.2 0 U 2.3 U 0 U 2.3 U 31,700 15,000 46.1 25.4 2,160 920 0 U 2.3 U 0 U 2.3 U 58.3 31.2 19.3 26.6 22.6 13.1

GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 6.7 2.31 U 2.31 U 2.31 U 2.31 U 176 6.55 264 11 2.31 U 60.1 6.27 2.31 U 2.31 U 873 6,960 60.8 2.69 7.05 177 4.62 U 700 8.79 345 165 15.8 2.31 U 9.32 2.31 U 1,320 283 53.5 2.31 U 2.31 U 12,100 23.3 795 2.31 U 2.31 U 22.7 9.69 9.52

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI402-BC-WB-1 GC-TI402-BC Blue Crab Whole Body TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin GC-TI403-404-405-406-BC-HP-2 GC-TI402-BC-WB-2 GC-TI403-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-THRU-406-BC GC-TI402-BC GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Hepatopan Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 2,600 924 1,690 1,070 366 838 506 312 280 30.2 26.1 6.01 147 64.9 102 8.55 4.62 U 2.32 U 618 167 189 996 735 807 9.43 5.99 2.32 U 9,850 3,990 7,230 41.4 14.2 34 30.8 11.8 23.8 3,600 1,280 2,800 16.2 6.37 12.1 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 6,530 2,860 4,060 51.5 22 50.2 763 288 522 176 85.9 136 0 U 4.62 U 2.32 U 1,100 391 794 361 105 224 802 264 551 106 34.4 59.7 1,390 609 689 213 83 132 539 283 441 916 275 500 1.66 4.62 U 2.32 U 26.3 10.9 14.4 375 134 247 78.8 24 54.6 224 97.2 179 224 80.5 187 142,000 65,000 108,000 166,000 75,800 125,000

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

GC-TI403-BC-ED-2 GC-TI403-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 1,810 954 363 9.9 141 4.55 229 923 5.8 7,930 38.1 28.6 3,300 14.2 2.3 U 5,500 45.9 595 159 2.3 U 759 232 648 77.4 919 154 456 708 2.3 U 13.4 265 57 162 144 125,000 145,000

GC-TI403-BC-WB-1 GC-TI403-BC-WB-2 GC-TI404-BC-ED-1 GC-TI403-BC GC-TI403-BC GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 2,620 2,670 1,060 1,080 1,150 538 481 528 210 24.8 26.8 31.7 143 166 80.4 4.57 U 7.32 12.4 597 613 340 1,010 1,070 600 6.78 10.3 10.7 10,200 10,500 4,650 41.7 44.1 19.1 29.1 32 15.1 3,710 4,010 1,800 13.6 14.9 10.1 0 U 0 U 2.3 U 6,250 7,100 3,720 54.1 51.3 32.9 776 817 315 184 197 78.3 0 U 0 U 2.3 U 1,160 1,130 439 356 358 136 787 842 307 91.8 102 53.4 1,270 1,400 594 201 213 129 550 557 426 839 962 371 0 U 0 U 2.3 U 23.7 22.8 11.1 333 342 213 68.4 69.6 42.4 205 194 158 200 173 158 141,000 150,000 78,300 163,000 175,000 90,100

GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 984 463 201 11.4 73.1 4.61 165 487 4.69 4,050 19.9 14.3 1,540 7.08 2.31 U 2,840 29.4 285 74.3 2.31 U 408 136 319 41.5 508 87.6 250 340 2.31 U 9.51 156 32.5 107 105 64,200 73,000

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF 0.0001 0.036 0.0003 0.00612 0.00003 0.0576 0.00003 0.00411 0.00003 0.1635 0.00003 0.00396 0.1 1.65 0.00003 0.02106 0.00003 0.01038 0.03 0 0.00003 0.001689

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI404-BC-WB-1 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 387 R 0.0387 32.2 0.00966 3,920 0.1176 287 0.00861 12,300 0.369 250 0.0075 35.8 3.58 1,630 0.0489 792 0.02376 0 U 0 124 0.00372 4.17 4.56 U 0 U 5.37 U 25.2 0 U 15.7 2.81 U 54.9 2.15 U 0 U 70.9 20.8 0 U 569 12.8 45.5 72 5.67 6,010 58.9 74.2 0 U 0 U 38 66.7 17 222 72.2 6.66 3.12 R

GC-TI404-BC-WB-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 399 R 0.0399 30.4 0.00912 3,590 0.1077 267 0.00801 11,300 0.339 242 0.00726 33.7 3.37 1,510 0.0453 735 0.02205 0 U 0 121 0.00363 3.91 4.7 U 0 U 5.53 U 26.6 0 U 15.3 2.89 U 51.3 2.21 U 0 U 56.7 20.6 0 U 530 13.1 41.4 59.2 7.22 5,970 55.1 57.6 0 U 0 U 32.8 53.4 14.1 167 58.2 5.2 1.71 R

GC-TI405-BC-ED-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 890 R 0.089 50.1 0.01503 4,690 0.1407 326 0.00978 14,300 0.429 314 0.00942 38.4 3.84 1,660 0.0498 839 0.02517 6.96 U 0 134 0.00402 4.52 2.37 2.32 U 2.32 U 19.2 2.32 U 13 2.32 U 63.5 2.32 U 2.32 U 68.7 23.8 2.32 U 869 13.9 45.9 60.3 5.28 9,420 99.6 83.3 2.32 U 2.32 U 23.7 34.4 9.22 163 52.9 5.4 4.41

GC-TI405-BC-ED-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 779 R 0.0779 40.9 0.01227 3,840 0.1152 266 0.00798 12,200 0.366 253 0.00759 38.6 3.86 1,450 0.0435 706 0.02118 6.67 U 0 106 0.00318 4.44 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 9.98 2.32 U 5.12 2.32 U 19.2 2.32 U 2.32 U 58.7 16.6 2.32 U 671 3.14 20.4 20.3 2.42 R 7,810 39.2 32 2.32 U 2.32 U 16 23.6 5.63 83.7 31.7 4.99 3.24

GC-TI405-BC-WB-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 420 R 0.042 48.3 0.01449 5,300 0.159 384 0.01152 16,800 0.504 354 0.01062 47.4 4.74 2,110 0.0633 1,040 0.0312 0 U 0 169 0.00507 5.54 6.33 0 U 5.82 U 28.2 0 U 15 3.04 U 69.8 2.33 U 0 U 76.6 20.3 0 U 786 17 43.8 69.3 6.57 8,960 87.5 73.5 0 U 0 U 28.5 50.9 13.1 191 56.3 6.04 2.58 R

GC-TI405-BC-WB-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 410 R 0.041 42.9 0.01287 4,780 0.1434 347 0.01041 15,500 0.465 317 0.00951 47.3 4.73 1,980 0.0594 959 0.02877 0 U 0 152 0.00456 5.46 4.83 U 0 U 5.68 U 22.5 0 U 10.2 2.97 U 43.3 2.27 U 0 U 70.4 16.1 0 U 671 10.5 28.7 45.3 3.4 R 8,020 51.9 43.3 0 U 0 U 23.8 44 10.9 143 43.6 5.78 1.93 R

GC-TI406-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 752 R 0.0752 36.7 0.01101 3,950 0.1185 267 0.00801 12,400 0.372 271 0.00813 37.9 3.79 1,490 0.0447 720 0.0216 6.2 U 0 104 0.00312 4.38 2.2 U 2.2 U 2.2 U 12.1 2.2 U 3.59 2.2 U 18.5 2.2 U 2.2 U 56.7 15.1 2.2 U 634 6.31 22.2 29.2 3.69 6,820 44.5 44 2.2 U 2.2 U 18.7 26.3 6.78 99.7 35.2 3.74 3.02 R

GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 451 22.7 2,240 157 6,760 140 22.6 777 381 3.78 U 56.5 2.63 2.27 U 2.27 U 2.27 U 9.56 2.27 U 3.16 2.27 U 17.4 2.27 U 2.27 U 44.6 14.3 2.27 U 561 5.52 20.1 35 2.27 U 5,180 21.9 59.5 2.27 U 2.27 U 26.3 38.4 6.66 177 32.2 2.48 3.09

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI404-BC-WB-1 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 2.86 1,110 0 U 7.24 367 65.5 20.3 5,000 17.6 1.73 34 197 20.7 238 0 U 0 U 123 9.33 7.46 304 1,060 4,820 89.6 124 7,410 17.9 49 28.8 12.9 0 U 20 0 U 12.4 10,400 24.2 1,670 813 88.9 0 U 689 151 582

GC-TI404-BC-WB-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 0 U 1,090 0 U 5.05 289 48.6 17.1 4,920 11.7 1.9 25.3 127 14.9 152 0 U 0 U 87.2 8.06 4.31 303 1,010 4,650 68.4 82.4 7,020 13.5 36.9 19.1 7.62 0 U 16.3 0 U 10.5 9,870 21.9 1,520 769 47.7 0 U 474 115 517

GC-TI405-BC-ED-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 9.09 1,690 2.32 U 7.42 133 35.7 5.92 6,380 9.89 2.82 21 58.3 8.64 64.2 2.32 U 2.32 U 57.7 2.32 U 11.3 420 2,810 6,660 55.3 55.1 11,600 6.67 45.3 13.9 20.6 2.32 U 26.3 2.32 U 10.9 14,400 15.4 2,300 978 22.2 2.32 U 219 14.5 658

GC-TI405-BC-ED-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 6.54 1,440 2.32 U 7.22 185 30.9 7.76 5,210 6.91 2.32 U 10.3 42.5 5.06 55.6 2.32 U 2.32 U 36.4 3.05 2.85 355 2,090 5,770 79.9 44.6 9,980 7.9 49.3 23.1 7.88 2.32 U 22.7 2.32 U 8.38 10,900 22 1,810 829 52.2 2.32 U 325 40.5 618

GC-TI405-BC-WB-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 5.31 1,640 0 U 7.5 284 45.1 13.5 6,970 10.1 1.65 25.9 126 13.6 148 0 U 0 U 84.4 6.9 11.1 441 2,050 7,020 80.9 77.1 11,400 12.9 53.9 22.4 17.8 0 U 24.8 0 U 12.4 15,200 15.9 2,360 1,080 39.2 0 U 505 106 694

GC-TI405-BC-WB-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 3.89 1,490 0 U 7.38 311 42 14.4 6,260 8.28 0 U 19.5 114 11.4 141 0 U 0 U 71.1 8.55 6.11 402 1,640 6,480 94.9 70.3 10,400 13.5 56.1 27.6 10.3 0 U 22.7 0 U 10.9 13,100 19.8 2,070 992 56.6 0 U 561 119 669

GC-TI406-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 5.37 1,300 2.2 U 6.39 194 35.5 9.9 5,310 8.96 2.2 U 14.4 67.1 7.61 88 2.2 U 2.2 U 54.1 3.52 4.84 373 1,850 5,030 67.6 65 8,970 10.1 44.2 21.2 8.96 2.2 U 24.8 2.2 U 9.96 11,100 22.8 1,890 862 56.3 2.2 U 348 58.4 636

GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 3.69 877 2.27 U 5.38 123 37.2 4.88 R 3,450 5.22 R 2.27 U 11.5 101 7.61 115 2.27 U 2.78 U 62.7 2.46 U 4.02 R 248 1,300 3,590 59.5 99.2 5,370 2.27 U 29.9 15.7 6.36 2.62 U 12.1 2.41 U 5.5 6,070 10.1 1,020 498 58.6 2.27 U 404 61.8 330

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI404-BC-WB-1 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 18.8 0 U 6.23 0 U 0 U 450 25.6 624 25.8 0 U 113 12.1 3.23 U 10.6 R 1,610 13,900 200 3.58 19.8 344 4.79 1,080 11.2 693 286 63.9 0 U 27.7 0 U 2,900 870 78.3 0 U 0 U 24,900 34.3 1,610 0 U 0 U 51.5 30.1 19.7

GC-TI404-BC-WB-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 10.9 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 357 17.3 481 24.6 0 U 106 11.8 3.33 U 11 R 1,500 13,000 161 1.63 15.7 326 0 U 1,070 8.3 663 277 43.7 0 U 18.3 0 U 2,650 582 78.6 0 U 0 U 23,500 33.3 1,560 0 U 0 U 47 20 17.7

GC-TI405-BC-ED-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 14.5 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 471 6.9 390 21.1 2.32 U 131 11.8 2.32 U 2.32 U 2,070 16,800 108 4.53 4.94 393 4.64 U 1,510 4.25 732 393 24.3 2.32 U 10.6 2.32 U 3,030 269 102 2.32 U 2.32 U 31,800 49.1 1,920 2.32 U 2.32 U 49.9 7.5 19.2

GC-TI405-BC-ED-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 18.5 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 2.32 U 438 12.9 391 20 2.32 U 114 12.2 2.32 U 2.32 U 1,460 11,600 146 6.84 6.27 339 4.63 U 1,140 7.86 582 278 27.6 2.32 U 19 2.32 U 2,560 563 88.9 2.32 U 2.32 U 24,200 44.2 1,390 2.32 U 2.32 U 41.5 19.4 19.7

GC-TI405-BC-WB-1 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 15.7 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 538 18.1 566 31.2 0 U 149 15.3 3.5 U 11.5 R 2,230 19,000 193 2.65 14.9 459 0 U 1,560 5.62 906 416 50.1 0 U 19.5 0 U 3,720 589 108 0 U 0 U 35,600 48.9 2,250 0 U 0 U 64.2 19.2 23.8

GC-TI405-BC-WB-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 18 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 517 21.4 562 30.3 0 U 139 15.4 3.42 U 11.2 R 1,860 15,900 214 4.07 15.4 426 0 U 1,340 7.73 812 347 51.4 0 U 24.3 0 U 3,420 756 100 0 U 0 U 31,000 46 1,930 0 U 0 U 58.8 26 24

GC-TI406-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 15.4 2.2 U 2.37 2.2 U 2.2 U 412 13.2 411 23.1 2.2 U 125 15.5 2.2 U 2.2 U 1,820 12,700 113 6.43 10.2 361 4.39 U 1,110 8.35 613 298 35.4 2.2 U 16.5 2.2 U 2,720 445 90 2.2 U 2.2 U 24,000 48.3 1,450 2.2 U 2.2 U 42.8 15.3 20.8

GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 8.03 2.27 U 5.02 2.27 U 2.27 U 266 13 338 13.9 2.27 U 70.6 8.15 2.37 U 8.36 929 7,190 81.9 3.55 8.02 192 4.54 U 688 3.14 348 176 34.9 2.27 U 14.6 2.27 U 1,400 440 48.4 2.27 U 2.27 U 11,600 23.1 795 2.27 U 2.27 U 25.6 2.27 U 11.8

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI404-BC-ED-2 GC-TI404-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI404-BC-WB-1 GC-TI404-BC-WB-2 GC-TI405-BC-ED-1 GC-TI404-BC GC-TI404-BC GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 2,240 2,230 2,000 899 865 1,150 439 441 371 40.7 28.8 9.87 130 127 156 12.2 7.53 3.02 693 598 273 880 820 1,180 13.4 9.87 2.32 U 8,580 8,340 8,760 32.6 33.5 40.2 23.8 23.6 22.5 3,100 2,990 3,940 12.4 10.6 16.5 0 U 0 U 2.32 U 6,060 5,600 5,510 43.4 41.7 59.3 650 643 602 148 148 166 0 U 0 U 2.32 U 946 942 793 303 308 226 638 655 557 88.1 82 87.5 1,210 1,180 737 199 176 200 542 439 582 762 755 525 0 U 0 U 2.32 U 21.7 21 15.5 312 281 209 61 55.5 40.1 193 163 120 183 151 145 123,000 115,000 149,000 142,000 133,000 171,000

GC-TI405-BC-ED-2 GC-TI405-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc TEQ 1,260 741 303 15.3 127 8.02 354 979 4.03 6,380 28 19.8 2,780 14.4 2.32 U 4,590 50.2 443 122 2.32 U 630 145 429 65.5 705 176 552 491 2.32 U 13 200 38.3 123 121 116,000 135,000

GC-TI405-BC-WB-1 GC-TI405-BC-WB-2 GC-TI406-BC-ED-1 GC-TI405-BC GC-TI405-BC GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 2,890 2,420 1,470 1,290 1,040 842 552 507 265 28.8 31.5 15.3 178 160 134 6.75 9.63 5.66 683 721 255 1,240 1,120 966 7.4 9.61 6.08 11,300 9,840 6,800 46 38.6 27.2 28.9 27.1 22.8 4,460 3,760 3,020 16.3 15.1 16.9 0 U 0 U 2.2 U 7,300 6,710 4,620 59.8 54.3 50.1 846 746 463 205 178 121 0 U 0 U 2.2 U 1,190 1,090 716 369 318 178 812 730 508 111 97.3 78.8 1,350 1,320 747 247 231 197 643 623 626 885 856 598 0 U 0 U 2.2 U 25.1 23.4 13.3 318 310 290 61.2 59.6 56.6 173 174 168 177 162 169 167,000 148,000 117,000 194,000 172,000 136,000

GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue Conc 728 428 145 22.8 73 4.62 183 506 6.18 3,380 14.8 11.5 1,540 9.58 2.27 U 3,060 27 241 62.6 2.27 U 343 94.3 264 51.8 441 121 349 328 2.27 U 8.51 159 30.4 97.4 104 67,800 78,800

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF 0.0001 0.0451 0.0003 0.00681 0.00003 0.0672 0.00003 0.00471 0.00003 0.2028 0.00003 0.0042 0.1 2.26 0.00003 0.02331 0.00003 0.01143 0.03 0 0.00003 0.001695

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI406-BC-WB-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 217 R 0.0217 38.7 0.01161 4,420 0.1326 310 0.0093 14,100 0.423 301 0.00903 42.6 4.26 1,760 0.0528 851 0.02553 0 U 0 129 0.00387 4.93 2.55 U 0 U 3 U 18.3 0 U 6.62 1.57 U 31.4 1.2 U 0 U 63.3 15.2 0 U 642 9.53 26.2 40.5 4.7 7,140 50.1 47.4 0 U 0 U 22.2 36.5 9.32 128 40.8 4.43 0 R

GC-TI-INNER-MIDDLE-OUTER-BC-HP-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI406-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-IN-MID-OUT-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Hepat Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc 659 0.0659 640 0.064 517 0.0517 567 0.0567 472 0.0472 359 0.0359 271 31.3 0.00939 28.7 0.00861 24.9 0.00747 27.7 0.00831 24.9 0.00747 24.9 0.00747 15.1 3,700 0.111 4,280 0.1284 3,360 0.1008 3,960 0.1188 3,270 0.0981 3,060 0.0918 2,140 272 0.00816 276 0.00828 234 0.00702 266 0.00798 235 0.00705 239 0.00717 150 11,800 0.354 13,800 0.414 10,900 0.327 12,800 0.384 10,700 0.321 10,100 0.303 6,950 241 0.00723 261 0.00783 242 0.00726 253 0.00759 239 0.00717 232 0.00696 141 36.5 3.65 38.4 3.84 33.3 3.33 36.7 3.67 32.9 3.29 31.8 3.18 16.8 1,510 0.0453 1,450 0.0435 1,310 0.0393 1,480 0.0444 1,390 0.0417 1,580 0.0474 964 735 0.02205 738 0.02214 643 0.01929 761 0.02283 696 0.02088 827 0.02481 459 0 U 0 6.45 U 0 6.38 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 6.39 U 0 6.44 U 117 0.00351 87.4 0.002622 84.4 0.002532 94.3 0.002829 92.9 0.002787 114 0.00342 64.9 4.28 4.54 3.89 4.32 3.84 3.71 2.04 4.44 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 5.22 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 21.2 12 9.98 11.5 9.96 9.91 5.76 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 8.58 5.69 3.04 6.22 4.39 7.72 2.33 2.73 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 40.2 22.7 7.53 21.5 10.5 17.9 12.1 2.09 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 60.6 91.6 40 89.3 52.3 82.8 48.5 14.7 22.8 6.93 19.4 7.69 9.57 6.39 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 602 539 366 461 329 239 232 11.4 6.97 4.7 7.66 6.12 9.65 3.35 27.8 48.6 22.4 43.8 24.6 29.9 21.3 52.5 75.6 34.5 75.9 46.7 76.9 15.9 3.12 U 3.47 4.09 2.57 2.91 4.47 U 2.48 6,350 6,530 4,910 5,710 4,460 3,360 3,220 40.1 36.5 18.6 40.3 27.9 51 21.2 59.6 100 22.2 85.3 28.3 43.3 35.2 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 29.6 48.6 15.5 46.1 22.2 38.9 22.7 51.7 77.8 30.7 83.4 50.4 99.3 25.2 11.1 18.5 7.35 19.9 12.1 23.8 3.61 197 295 93.8 266 120 185 127 43 74 24.8 69.3 33.7 55.7 30.3 4.14 6.18 2.28 U 6.78 2.44 8.48 2.29 U 1.94 R 6.86 2.72 6.41 3.41 5.13 2.85

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI406-BC-WB-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 4.22 1,360 0 U 6.65 259 40.4 13 5,840 9.25 0 U 18.4 99.9 10.4 126 0 U 0 U 68.7 6.33 6.14 394 1,660 5,570 78.2 74.2 9,410 12.6 48.9 24 10 0 U 24.3 0 U 11 12,200 21.4 2,010 941 57.8 0 U 468 96.3 659

GC-TI-INNER-MIDDLE-OUTER-BC-HP-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI406-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-IN-MID-OUT-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Hepat Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc 2.31 6.87 2.79 5.09 1.99 4.47 U 4.26 1,130 822 749 728 666 460 367 0 U 4.74 2.28 U 3.51 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 6.21 9.37 5.91 8.67 6.13 6.67 5.68 262 390 141 444 272 598 135 45 119 42.5 101 44.8 50.5 60.9 9.02 R 20.7 13.1 23.2 18.1 30.4 2.29 U 5,070 5,630 5,570 5,110 5,010 3,620 4,050 3.84 R 21.7 13.3 19.7 13.5 13.9 9.1 0 U 4.31 2.36 3.19 1.68 4.47 U 2.29 U 19.5 41 23.1 41.2 28.5 41.9 16.7 145 285 75 260 107 187 134 12.5 29.9 13.1 29.7 17.8 29.3 8.21 171 341 114 336 174 323 86.3 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 5.89 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 84.8 199 49.1 186 78.1 150 94.7 6.19 7.45 2.28 U 11 6.07 21.1 2.29 U 4.06 R 5.16 U 2.28 U 0 R 0 R 7.87 R 2.29 U 331 413 363 374 334 262 279 1,180 1,720 1,200 1,490 1,100 850 711 5,060 5,250 4,270 4,900 4,170 3,910 2,720 80.9 93.5 47.5 85.6 52 63.1 62.6 102 220 70.8 193 83.2 114 102 7,470 8,620 6,520 7,750 6,160 5,260 3,840 8.05 U 4.55 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 43.4 53.1 33 51.9 37.5 48.5 40 22.6 42.2 16.8 45.1 27.3 53.3 14.7 9.17 8.54 2.28 U 9.2 3.19 11.1 2.62 0 U 5.54 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 16 29.3 21.1 27.9 21.9 24 19.6 0 U 5.11 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 8.89 18.6 10.1 18.7 12.6 18.9 14.2 9,880 10,900 10,600 10,000 9,710 7,500 7,300 12.5 29 32.6 28.1 30.6 25.6 19.6 1,550 1,870 1,670 1,690 1,530 1,190 1,230 771 934 871 894 845 780 679 60.3 136 56.8 117 58.5 62.7 64.7 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 592 891 352 816 424 603 457 126 169 62.9 201 129 292 55.6 484 545 545 523 521 460 319

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

GC-TI406-BC-WB-1 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Whole Body Conc TEQ 15.8 0 U 1.86 0 U 0 U 459 17.6 497 27.9 0 U 136 16.5 1.81 U 5.94 R 1,960 14,700 156 5.05 14.2 402 0 U 1,220 8.18 728 330 46.3 0 U 19.8 0 U 3,140 573 95.8 0 U 0 U 27,600 48.4 1,720 0 U 0 U 51.7 19.7 22.8

GC-TI-INNER-MIDDLE-OUTER-BC-HP-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI406-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-IN-MID-OUT-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Hepat Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc 11.5 21.1 8.4 21.3 12.3 22 4.98 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 3.15 10.4 3.77 8.99 4.12 4.98 4.88 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 4.46 U 3.7 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 3.24 U 403 460 326 519 430 686 336 20.8 33.4 11.5 36 20.6 43.3 23.3 515 837 388 800 476 693 479 25.6 22.5 25.7 43.9 48.5 105 14.4 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 110 128 128 146 148 196 96.6 12.6 12.5 13.4 13 13.7 14.3 9.95 3.14 U 10.7 4.29 U 10.5 2.88 10 7.21 15.6 R 15.5 20.3 15.6 19 15.7 14.6 1,500 1,650 1,690 1,610 1,640 1,500 1,470 12,800 11,300 10,400 11,300 10,700 11,400 9,180 168 172 78.2 169 102 162 128 2.23 8.12 3.46 6.01 2.46 4.47 U 3.55 R 15.8 36.9 11.6 36.6 18.5 35.6 35.8 327 348 345 543 562 1,100 182 0 U 11.4 4.56 U 8.44 0 U 8.93 U 7.98 1,040 852 938 823 882 742 719 4.78 10.2 12.7 9.32 11 6.79 10.3 647 516 582 519 566 527 429 278 270 279 247 251 180 213 54.1 29.6 22.6 37.6 33.5 60.5 31.1 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 21.1 32.2 15.9 31 19.2 27.5 15 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 2,630 2,730 2,280 2,960 2,660 3,600 2,220 664 950 402 853 451 574 550 74 69.2 80.6 68.2 76.3 65.5 57.3 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 22,500 21,600 20,700 20,800 20,000 18,400 14,600 32.6 58.5 44.8 50.6 39.9 27.9 30.8 1,510 1,280 1,200 1,250 1,190 1,150 758 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 2.2 2.44 8.5 2.29 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 47.5 48.3 40.3 66.9 63.2 120 34.4 13.3 U 21.3 2.28 U 24.7 9.87 34.3 30.3 18.7 22.2 23.8 34.9 37.4 71.2 13.2

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI406-BC-ED-2 GC-TI406-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF GC-TI-INNER-MIDDLE-OUTER-BC-HP-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TI406-BC-WB-1 GC-TI406-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-INNER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI406-BC GC-TI406-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-INNER-BC GC-TI-IN-MID-OUT-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Hepat Edible Tissue Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc 2,040 2,000 679 1,090 757 1,060 979 888 979 820 622 687 571 612 426 521 381 392 160 195 245 279 486 166 23.9 34.9 14.7 10.3 17.1 14.3 24.1 32.4 150 124 112 102 110 103 106 73.4 7.02 7.37 14.7 7.58 12.4 7.09 5.89 13.1 471 585 366 152 330 173 226 326 1,040 813 923 824 1,100 1,050 1,610 458 8.59 10.5 23.3 8.67 19.9 9.14 10.3 23.8 8,540 7,680 5,230 5,740 5,350 5,720 5,680 4,380 33 29.5 19.3 24.5 17.9 21.5 14 17.6 26 21.3 18.4 26.1 18.3 23.8 18 23.4 3,490 2,900 2,540 2,500 2,370 2,320 1,880 2,080 16.7 12 21.6 17.3 19 15.6 11.5 14.9 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 5,730 5,580 4,670 4,660 4,980 5,010 5,860 4,880 52.3 39.5 39.1 42.6 35.9 38 26.7 32.1 619 595 290 341 300 338 330 246 151 137 76.9 87.8 86.3 95 113 61.1 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.28 U 0 U 0 U 4.47 U 2.29 U 940 871 423 560 463 565 577 548 262 272 72.3 134 72.7 117 73.9 109 650 602 353 482 345 437 324 366 92.8 86.2 90.7 94.8 81.2 83.1 54 76.9 1,060 1,100 570 733 720 853 1,150 809 222 192 212 198 193 181 138 181 648 490 745 632 699 614 568 448 768 724 293 472 302 430 326 505 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.42 0 U 1.72 4.47 U 2.29 U 18.7 19.8 4.61 9.39 5.87 9.42 9.48 10.8 329 276 149 268 160 246 192 322 63.9 52.9 42.4 71.9 39.8 60.5 32.3 58.3 185 154 157 260 166 240 192 194 180 148 159 271 151 230 130 219 133,000 115,000 111,000 100,000 106,000 98,400 94,600 76,500 155,000 134,000 132,000 117,000 127,000 116,000 111,000 87,700

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc Type TEF Dioxin 0.0001 0.0271 203 0.0203 263 0.0263 296 0.0296 246 0.0246 291 0.0291 157 0.0157 150 0.015 198 Dioxin 0.0003 0.00453 10.5 0.00315 13.7 0.00411 17.9 0.00537 14.5 0.00435 16.9 0.00507 8.21 0.002463 6.53 R 0.001959 10.1 Dioxin 0.00003 0.0642 1,500 0.045 2,010 0.0603 2,400 0.072 1,930 0.0579 2,310 0.0693 1,250 0.0375 1,200 0.036 1,600 Dioxin 0.00003 0.0045 99.5 0.002985 138 0.00414 175 0.00525 138 0.00414 167 0.00501 79.6 0.002388 77.9 0.002337 114 Dioxin 0.00003 0.2085 4,700 0.141 6,070 0.1821 7,840 0.2352 6,200 0.186 7,230 0.2169 4,060 0.1218 3,690 0.1107 5,250 Dioxin 0.00003 0.00423 91.5 0.002745 139 0.00417 167 0.00501 131 0.00393 166 0.00498 82.7 0.002481 74.7 0.002241 101 Dioxin 0.1 1.68 12.4 1.24 17.3 1.73 21 2.1 17.8 1.78 21.5 2.15 9.2 0.92 9.16 0.916 12.4 R Dioxin 0.00003 0.02892 600 0.018 872 0.02616 1,140 0.0342 872 0.02616 1,080 0.0324 550 0.0165 582 0.01746 715 Dioxin 0.00003 0.01377 303 0.00909 423 0.01269 562 0.01686 449 0.01347 539 0.01617 259 0.00777 275 0.00825 347 Dioxin 0.03 0 4.41 U 0 5.65 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 3.38 U 0 4.54 U 0 5.61 U Dioxin 0.00003 0.001947 39.8 0.001194 56.6 0.001698 78.7 0.002361 60.4 0.001812 73.2 0.002196 39.1 0.001173 43.3 0.001299 46.5 1.48 2.05 2.51 2.1 2.53 1.13 1.11 0.268 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 4.94 8.34 6.93 6.32 8.79 5.09 7.99 8.12 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 3.48 3.84 2.15 4.7 2.29 U 2.76 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 10.5 17.2 13.7 12.6 17.4 13.4 17.6 14 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 42 66.8 58.1 53.3 71.4 51.7 58.7 57.4 NonDioxin 5.59 8.25 7.28 6.7 8.63 6.9 8.04 7.29 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 210 232 234 218 234 173 179 209 NonDioxin 3.04 5.88 5.12 4.88 6.97 3.29 4.73 4.42 NonDioxin 14.6 28.2 23.7 18.9 28.7 24.2 29.2 26.2 NonDioxin 13.9 22.8 33 31.4 38.4 15.4 21.9 21.4 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.61 1.78 0 U 1.86 2.29 U 3.08 3.79 NonDioxin 2,880 3,260 3,260 3,010 3,290 2,540 2,330 3,050 NonDioxin 14.7 24.1 29.6 24.8 31.9 20.9 24.9 25.9 NonDioxin 33.1 43.6 37.5 35.9 43.5 52.3 57.4 47.3 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 42 25.6 27.3 41.1 29.4 29.7 32.3 27.4 NonDioxin 21.3 31.6 46 43 51.1 26.3 34.8 31.1 NonDioxin 3.61 5.85 9.28 9.22 11 3.85 5.03 5.21 NonDioxin 153 146 143 162 157 170 210 169 NonDioxin 22.4 37.5 37.4 31.7 42.7 29.5 41.4 37.4 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.99 2.38 2.36 4.57 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 3.42 3.49 1.43 3.91 2.9 3.44 3.17

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc Type TEF NonDioxin 3.79 4.62 3.06 2.74 3.29 5.34 5.44 6.19 NonDioxin 285 349 393 334 381 213 209 259 NonDioxin 2.29 2.3 U 0 U 1.65 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 5.04 6.19 5.96 5.49 6.33 5.56 5.8 4.93 NonDioxin 121 167 265 254 291 126 162 141 NonDioxin 45.3 60.5 58 46.7 57.6 76.3 93.2 76.9 NonDioxin 4.27 5.78 8.54 11.5 12.9 4.16 R 5.02 5.12 NonDioxin 2,730 3,610 3,930 2,980 3,610 2,760 2,600 4,380 NonDioxin 6.73 10.7 10.4 8.72 11.6 11.9 13.9 12.8 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.84 2.38 NonDioxin 11.3 18.7 23.8 19.8 25.4 17.2 23.1 19.6 NonDioxin 105 135 149 128 150 172 239 186 NonDioxin 6.52 9.56 14.1 12.9 15.3 8.88 12.7 11.3 NonDioxin 67.1 100 153 138 164 84.8 141 116 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.47 U 2.87 U NonDioxin 60 93 110 85 109 116 141 114 NonDioxin 2.32 2.75 5.93 7.54 8.04 2.29 U 2.88 2.63 U NonDioxin 2.94 5.51 R 0 R 2.12 R 0 R 5.35 6.29 R 5.27 NonDioxin 189 256 274 209 258 197 180 287 NonDioxin 500 719 750 597 757 478 434 519 NonDioxin 1,830 2,530 3,050 2,410 2,930 1,730 1,650 2,250 NonDioxin 60.6 76.7 62.7 61.3 72.8 66.3 69.5 59.6 NonDioxin 99 101 105 103 105 126 162 126 NonDioxin 2,980 3,500 4,240 3,610 4,010 2,560 2,340 3,500 NonDioxin 17.9 18.3 0 U 12.9 13 17.9 18.9 R 19.5 NonDioxin 44.7 45.3 42.4 45.8 46.2 36 35.6 36.7 NonDioxin 16.4 19.1 25.5 26.7 29 12 15.6 13.4 NonDioxin 3.04 4.84 5 5.28 6.65 3 2.91 2.65 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.37 U 2.76 U NonDioxin 13.9 18 20.8 16.7 19.7 14.9 16.8 19.2 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.44 U NonDioxin 8.83 13.8 15.5 11.6 15.3 15.7 21.6 19.1 NonDioxin 5,050 6,120 7,360 5,730 6,520 4,720 4,730 6,390 NonDioxin 12.1 18.9 21.3 15.9 20.8 19.2 26.2 22.1 NonDioxin 804 1,160 1,220 911 1,170 795 796 1,060 NonDioxin 463 638 707 551 679 512 556 668 NonDioxin 53.3 64 64.1 55.9 63.6 65.8 88.2 66.2 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 402 548 498 458 564 488 677 516 NonDioxin 49.6 62.8 122 117 129 47 76.8 56.8 NonDioxin 224 293 359 290 341 242 252 305

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc Type TEF NonDioxin 6.96 8.32 9.76 11.1 12.3 4.63 4.78 4.1 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 3.77 4.57 4.91 4.11 4.69 5.78 8.13 5.96 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.42 U 2.97 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.82 U NonDioxin 266 326 434 383 430 255 269 327 NonDioxin 14.6 20.1 28.9 22.6 26.8 17.8 25.7 19 NonDioxin 338 442 539 437 514 469 612 503 NonDioxin 10.5 14.4 39.9 36.8 40.5 8.03 7.79 15.6 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 64.6 86 125 101 118 62.6 62 85.3 NonDioxin 6.58 9.12 11.2 8.73 10.6 6.92 6.58 9.4 NonDioxin 2.69 U 8.32 7.99 2.78 8.8 7.95 10.7 9.11 NonDioxin 8.73 13.7 14.9 10.7 14.3 8.54 9.34 15 NonDioxin 909 1,360 1,480 1,070 1,400 983 999 1,210 NonDioxin 6,550 8,480 9,800 7,900 9,320 6,990 6,990 8,120 NonDioxin 111 171 138 125 168 133 147 130 NonDioxin 3.87 4.55 0 R 2.79 3.24 4.6 4.96 4.58 NonDioxin 21.3 29.7 35.7 25.3 31.4 48.1 70.5 50 NonDioxin 135 195 440 403 456 89.6 91.6 205 NonDioxin 4.55 U 7.85 5.74 0 U 5.59 8.62 13.9 9.73 NonDioxin 444 629 725 527 662 545 548 594 NonDioxin 6.26 J 9.26 9.31 6.41 8.55 10.9 15.5 11.6 NonDioxin 256 369 457 331 415 269 266 349 NonDioxin 124 184 204 140 183 143 132 181 NonDioxin 18.6 34.1 39.4 30.2 41.7 20.8 37.7 29.6 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 12.2 15.5 18.5 16.5 19 14.4 17.3 13.9 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 1,610 2,130 2,610 2,160 2,550 1,570 1,610 2,090 NonDioxin 457 594 557 490 588 582 707 554 NonDioxin 36.1 51.8 59.6 44.3 55.8 38.6 36.6 57.2 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.34 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 9,580 12,600 15,700 12,000 14,300 8,670 8,590 11,200 NonDioxin 20.2 28 30 22.3 28 20.1 20.5 30.5 NonDioxin 483 699 868 668 829 471 424 567 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 2.39 2.36 2.45 2.29 U 3.01 2.29 U NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 22.6 33.4 58.5 49.7 58.4 24.9 24 31.5 NonDioxin 18.9 R 25.4 R 31.4 9.53 R 9.89 R 27.4 40.1 31.1 NonDioxin 9.91 13 29.5 26.9 29.8 6.4 6.87 15.7

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-1 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-2 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TIMIDDLE-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Edible Tissue Edible Tissue Edible Tissue TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc Type TEF NonDioxin 559 796 914 676 849 535 610 672 NonDioxin 320 476 494 349 462 345 320 395 NonDioxin 108 146 256 213 244 92.4 110 156 NonDioxin 20.8 30.4 30.1 21.7 28.6 24.5 40.3 32.4 NonDioxin 55 74.1 82.6 69.2 83.3 47.1 48.5 62.7 NonDioxin 8 10.8 11.1 7.41 9.38 13.5 15.3 11.6 NonDioxin 249 440 298 243 378 320 367 346 NonDioxin 343 469 782 695 798 203 229 450 NonDioxin 13.3 18.6 20 12.5 16.2 24.3 37.7 26.5 NonDioxin 2,880 4,360 4,750 3,660 4,740 2,810 3,090 3,390 NonDioxin 10.8 14.6 16.6 11.7 14.4 11.5 12 15.2 NonDioxin 13.7 19.3 21.9 14.9 18.9 15.4 17.5 22 NonDioxin 1,300 1,930 2,020 1,460 1,920 1,370 1,330 1,450 NonDioxin 10.6 13.5 13.9 10.9 12.9 10.6 10.3 13.7 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 3,510 4,740 5,160 4,160 5,060 3,750 3,740 4,190 NonDioxin 20.3 27.1 30.6 22.1 27 21.1 21.7 32.8 NonDioxin 154 217 270 203 250 158 166 188 NonDioxin 39.2 59 75.7 59.7 74.6 39.3 39.7 44.3 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 313 423 556 386 467 308 392 380 NonDioxin 64.6 86.1 99.1 67.2 82.6 66.9 78 84.7 NonDioxin 210 296 354 242 304 216 243 281 NonDioxin 54.1 67.7 70.5 54.1 63.7 55.1 54.2 67.2 NonDioxin 471 655 905 660 798 462 587 656 NonDioxin 122 172 169 126 162 128 131 150 NonDioxin 335 458 482 400 490 265 305 443 NonDioxin 287 412 455 298 387 333 375 355 NonDioxin 2.28 U 2.3 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.29 U 2.25 U 2.29 U NonDioxin 6.42 8.82 10.4 7.27 9.01 6.9 7.79 7.39 NonDioxin 176 240 285 180 226 184 226 263 NonDioxin 31.5 40.8 51 31.7 38.3 31.6 37.3 57.1 NonDioxin 106 147 193 130 160 96.2 115 202 NonDioxin 129 161 194 129 152 118 136 203 53,200 70,300 81,600 64,600 77,300 52,500 53,600 66,200 60,800 80,300 94,300 74,700 89,200 59,000 59,700 74,500

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ TEF 0.0001 0.0198 0.0003 0.00303 0.00003 0.048 0.00003 0.00342 0.00003 0.1575 0.00003 0.00303 0.1 1.24 0.00003 0.02145 0.00003 0.01041 0.03 0 0.00003 0.001395

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin

NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-ED-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Edible Tissue TEQ Type TEF NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ TEF 0.0001 216 0.0216 180 0.018 243 0.0243 0.0003 13.1 0.00393 3.56 R 0.001068 14.3 0.00429 0.00003 1,780 0.0534 1,470 0.0441 2,010 0.0603 0.00003 126 0.00378 101 0.00303 149 0.00447 0.00003 5,820 0.1746 4,610 0.1383 6,620 0.1986 0.00003 126 0.00378 97.2 0.002916 138 0.00414 0.1 15.8 1.58 12.4 1.24 8.98 R 0.898 0.00003 851 0.02553 725 0.02175 959 0.02877 0.00003 425 0.01275 354 0.01062 483 0.01449 0.03 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0.00003 61 0.00183 53.4 0.001602 65.6 0.001968 1.88 1.48 0.341 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 6.5 8.26 8.63 0 U 0 U 0 U 2.25 3.47 2.18 0 U 0 U 0 U 14.7 17.6 15.1 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 60.8 62.1 64.6 7.68 8.26 7.93 0 U 0 U 0 U 192 188 217 5.15 5.43 5.9 25.9 29.3 27.2 33.4 29.8 37.1 0 U 2.64 2.72 2,780 2,480 3,140 29.7 28.6 33 49.7 55.4 46.2 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 32.4 33.2 30.6 47.6 44 50.4 9.67 7.71 10.5 174 206 174 37.1 43.4 42.6 2.48 1.21 2.39 3.55 3.68 3.72

Parameter
PCB 77 PCB 81 PCB 105 PCB 114 PCB 118 PCB 123 PCB 126 PCB 156/157 PCB 167 PCB 169 PCB 189 PCB Dioxin PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 PCB 31 PCB 32 PCB 34 PCB 35

Type
Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin Dioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 3.78 4.66 4.44 285 245 316 0 U 0 U 0 U 5.88 5.92 5.42 264 224 270 68.8 87.1 69.4 8.88 R 8.65 12.3 3,010 2,750 4,170 12.5 13.9 13.1 0 U 2.43 1.71 24.4 25.8 25.9 176 232 186 14.8 15.1 16.4 154 167 174 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 126 142 124 6.16 5.48 5.96 3.79 R 0 R 3.78 R 216 192 280 587 493 612 2,370 1,970 2,720 65.4 68.6 60.6 122 155 123 3,350 2,760 4,000 12.7 0 R 14 39.6 37.4 40 24.1 21 24.7 5.36 4.08 5.04 0 U 0 U 0 U 17.6 17.8 20.6 0 U 0 U 0 U 16.6 21.2 19 5,530 5,130 6,700 21.1 26.1 23.1 910 852 1,100 590 588 700 64.9 84.6 65.2 0 U 0 U 0 U 522 666 541 119 108 123 306 282 349

Parameter
PCB 36 PCB 37 PCB 38 PCB 39 PCB 40/41/71 PCB 42 PCB 43 PCB 44/47/65 PCB 45/51 PCB 46 PCB 48 PCB 49/69 PCB 50/53 PCB 52 PCB 54 PCB 55 PCB 56 PCB 57 PCB 58 PCB 59/62/75 PCB 60 PCB 61/70/74/76 PCB 63 PCB 64 PCB 66 PCB 67 PCB 68 PCB 72 PCB 73 PCB 78 PCB 79 PCB 80 PCB 82 PCB 83/99 PCB 84 PCB 85/116/117 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 PCB 88/91 PCB 89 PCB 90/101/113 PCB 92 PCB 93/95/98/100/102

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 9.7 7.24 9.16 0 U 0 U 0 U 5.55 7.68 5.68 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 381 329 428 25.2 28.2 25.9 534 624 557 36.3 21.7 40.8 0 U 0 U 0 U 102 81.1 117 9.07 7.68 10.8 8.55 10.6 9.36 10.6 10.2 15.2 1,130 1,070 1,290 8,280 7,620 9,050 141 149 139 3.26 4.25 3.29 44.5 65.5 45.9 385 236 458 6.1 11.9 6.98 603 576 636 9.7 14.3 10.2 344 303 399 154 139 181 32.4 41 38.3 0 U 0 U 0 U 18.2 18.8 17.7 0 U 0 U 0 U 2,160 1,890 2,520 580 688 560 46.5 40.7 59.5 0 U 2.01 0 U 0 U 0 U 0 U 11,500 9,990 13,200 22.4 21.6 29.8 669 528 732 2.48 3.79 2.4 0 U 0 U 0 U 52.7 37.7 56.5 29.4 39.3 32 25.3 16.1 31.4

Parameter
PCB 94 PCB 96 PCB 103 PCB 104 PCB 106 PCB 107 PCB 108/124 PCB 110/115 PCB 111 PCB 112 PCB 120 PCB 121 PCB 122 PCB 127 PCB 128/166 PCB 129/138/160/163 PCB 130 PCB 131 PCB 132 PCB 133 PCB 134/143 PCB 135/151/154 PCB 136 PCB 137 PCB 139/140 PCB 141 PCB 142 PCB 144 PCB 145 PCB 146 PCB 147/149 PCB 148 PCB 150 PCB 152 PCB 153/168 PCB 155 PCB 158 PCB 159 PCB 161 PCB 162 PCB 164 PCB 165

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.11 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Blue Crab Wet Weight, and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-1 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-2 GC-TI-OUTER-BC-WB-3 GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC GC-TI-OUTER-BC Blue Crab Blue Crab Blue Crab Whole Body Whole Body Whole Body Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 665 663 759 369 335 404 207 164 249 24.4 38 30.1 64.3 56.7 74.9 11.3 14 9.99 293 347 312 614 426 778 20.2 33.8 21.9 3,650 3,460 4,040 12.2 12.3 14.9 16.2 17.6 20.9 1,520 1,410 1,570 10.9 10.5 13.1 0 U 0 U 0 U 4,370 4,040 4,660 22.7 22.4 31.1 208 189 228 60.8 50.2 63.7 0 U 0 U 0 U 387 418 436 68.9 77.4 81.6 248 255 293 54.8 54.2 63.5 663 667 796 131 132 147 353 343 478 331 368 347 0 U 0 U 0 U 7.65 8.03 7.98 186 221 243 31.8 36.6 50.1 124 126 199 122 135 182 64,800 59,400 74,200 74,200 67,000 84,800

Parameter
PCB 170 PCB 171/173 PCB 172 PCB 174 PCB 175 PCB 176 PCB 177 PCB 178 PCB 179 PCB 180/193 PCB 181 PCB 182 PCB 183/185 PCB 184 PCB 186 PCB 187 PCB 188 PCB 190 PCB 191 PCB 192 PCB 194 PCB 195 PCB 196 PCB 197/200 PCB 198/199 PCB 201 PCB 202 PCB 203 PCB 204 PCB 205 PCB 206 PCB 207 PCB 208 PCB 209 PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners

Type
NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin

TEF

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5 GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 301 303 305 307A 307B 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 6/18/2010 Parameter Type TEF Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ PCB 77 Dioxin 0.0001 464 0.0464 4,190 0.419 3,550 0.355 3,010 0.301 3,810 0.381 PCB 81 Dioxin 0.0003 0 U 0 93 0.0279 83.7 0.02511 81.3 0.02439 85.3 0.02559 PCB 105 Dioxin 0.00003 1,560 0.0468 6,680 0.2004 6,430 0.1929 7,050 0.2115 6,120 0.1836 PCB 114 Dioxin 0.00003 83.3 0.002499 409 0.01227 369 0.01107 392 0.01176 347 0.01041 PCB 118 Dioxin 0.00003 3,990 0.1197 18,000 0.54 17,000 0.51 18,500 0.555 16,500 0.495 PCB 123 Dioxin 0.00003 67.6 0.002028 317 0.00951 288 0.00864 343 0.01029 304 0.00912 PCB 126 Dioxin 0.1 0 U 0 94.4 9.44 100 10 111 11.1 101 10.1 PCB 156/157 Dioxin 0.00003 564 0.01692 2,190 0.0657 2,290 0.0687 2,700 0.081 2,190 0.0657 PCB 167 Dioxin 0.00003 193 0.00579 749 0.02247 806 0.02418 1,010 0.0303 823 0.02469 PCB 169 Dioxin 0.03 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 PCB 189 Dioxin 0.00003 44.2 0.001326 171 0.00513 192 0.00576 339 0.01017 225 0.00675 PCB Dioxin 0.241463 10.74238 11.20136 12.33541 11.30186 PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin 285 41.4 153 895 0 343 37.7 930 34.6 49.4 433 438 0 2,490 368 1,010 931 344 5,190 769 840 0 0 748 1,040 261 4,860 783 2,350 15,000 140 5,690 522 15,700 716 673 3,890 6,080 0 29,900 5,220 13,700 14,700 4,150 61,900 11,300 12,300 45.7 217 7,110 12,400 2,600 J J J 4,530 787 2,310 9,390 78.5 3,900 281 10,900 402 527 3,940 5,240 0 26,700 3,120 8,540 9,710 2,040 45,700 6,650 7,930 22.7 128 6,310 10,900 1,910 J 3,840 550 2,140 7,400 79.8 3,400 269 9,360 374 399 3,150 4,430 0 22,800 2,790 7,190 8,500 1,660 39,800 6,090 7,200 18.7 117 5,200 8,850 1,590 J 3,300 585 1,920 6,710 44.2 3,420 218 9,110 320 402 3,360 4,850 0 27,800 2,570 7,370 8,090 1,340 44,700 5,560 7,000 0 104 5,560 9,720 1,700

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 1,550 0.155 49.8 R 0 35,200 1.056 1,580 0.0474 106,000 3.18 1,930 0.0579 123 R 0 15,900 0.477 6,550 0.1965 0 U 0 1,160 0.0348 5.2046
161 75.4 330 311 0 217 0 764 39.7 0 414 345 0 2,490 583 1,080 1,430 623 11,100 1,570 1,630 0 0 2,920 2,310 895

D-062310-01 (dup) 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 1,750 0.175 50 R 0 34,100 1.023 1,500 0.045 106,000 3.18 1,810 0.0543 85.3 R 0 15,100 0.453 6,500 0.195 0 U 0 1,110 0.0333 5.1586
184 94 402 384 0 252 38.4 936 46.5 0 446 419 0 2,900 640 1,160 1,610 671 12,900 1,870 1,870 0 0 2,970 2,470 930

U U U

U U

U U U

U U U

U U

U U

U U

Page 29

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5 301 303 305 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 Parameter Type TEF Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ PCB 31 NonDioxin 3,450 44,400 35,200 PCB 32 NonDioxin 664 8,560 5,510 PCB 34 NonDioxin 31.7 437 312 PCB 35 NonDioxin 115 1,310 1,070 PCB 36 NonDioxin 0 U 80 92 PCB 37 NonDioxin 1,520 15,800 13,600 PCB 38 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 39 NonDioxin 27.8 333 256 PCB 40/41/71 NonDioxin 1,260 14,500 10,200 PCB 42 NonDioxin 601 6,960 5,090 PCB 43 NonDioxin 96.7 1,190 710 PCB 44/47/65 NonDioxin 2,670 25,700 18,800 PCB 45/51 NonDioxin 351 3,890 2,460 PCB 46 NonDioxin 88.8 1,090 702 PCB 48 NonDioxin 311 5,000 2,760 PCB 49/69 NonDioxin 1,960 20,400 15,900 PCB 50/53 NonDioxin 296 3,090 2,090 PCB 52 NonDioxin 2,630 22,900 17,200 PCB 54 NonDioxin 25.2 137 80.8 PCB 55 NonDioxin 35.2 480 335 PCB 56 NonDioxin 1,190 12,300 8,390 PCB 57 NonDioxin 26.5 299 226 PCB 58 NonDioxin 0 U 150 112 PCB 59/62/75 NonDioxin 219 2,540 1,800 PCB 60 NonDioxin 542 4,730 3,400 PCB 61/70/74/76 NonDioxin 4,770 45,800 32,300 PCB 63 NonDioxin 158 1,610 1,160 PCB 64 NonDioxin 913 9,990 7,120 PCB 66 NonDioxin 2,810 28,100 20,000 PCB 67 NonDioxin 93.9 1,240 833 PCB 68 NonDioxin 43.7 445 383 PCB 72 NonDioxin 51.6 587 497 PCB 73 NonDioxin 0 U 104 81.2 PCB 78 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 79 NonDioxin 41.5 235 185 PCB 80 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 82 NonDioxin 370 1,980 1,830 PCB 83/99 NonDioxin 2,020 12,400 10,400 PCB 84 NonDioxin 706 4,020 3,340

GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 307A 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ 29,900 4,950 245 891 65 12,000 0 U 221 8,570 4,180 558 18,800 3,550 617 2,300 14,100 2,190 15,200 205 297 7,600 180 94.1 1,500 3,200 27,600 942 6,040 17,100 699 341 379 104 0 U 177 0 U 1,930 12,100 3,350

GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 307B 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 31,600 5,010 278 1,000 74.9 14,800 0 U 240 8,810 4,280 602 16,600 2,100 555 2,250 14,400 1,730 14,700 65.5 291 8,190 194 93.8 1,540 3,480 30,900 1,080 6,180 19,500 750 358 427 75.3 0 U 202 0 U 1,550 10,200 2,610

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 4,640 3,730 0 U 110 0 U 2,200 0 U 57.7 R 30,400 14,200 579 68,800 9,860 4,570 1,300 57,300 15,500 109,000 271 0 U 8,110 95.3 145 2,560 2,100 64,700 813 12,700 44,000 577 889 715 0 U 0 U 1,800 0 U 15,700 95,000 58,300

D-062310-01 (dup) 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 5,420 4,320 0 U 136 0 U 2,550 0 U 76.4 31,800 15,000 695 76,000 10,300 4,360 1,550 64,600 16,500 129,000 309 0 U 8,730 97.3 241 2,960 2,380 71,500 827 14,000 48,200 624 999 771 0 U 0 U 1,720 0 U 14,400 115,000 54,500

Page 30

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5 301 303 305 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 Parameter Type TEF Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ PCB 85/116/117 NonDioxin 596 3,170 3,100 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 NonDioxin 2,190 11,000 10,700 PCB 88/91 NonDioxin 474 3,300 2,810 PCB 89 NonDioxin 27.8 239 152 PCB 90/101/113 NonDioxin 3,310 18,900 16,200 PCB 92 NonDioxin 582 3,460 2,850 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 NonDioxin 2,270 12,700 11,100 PCB 94 NonDioxin 27.5 207 154 PCB 96 NonDioxin 19.5 146 107 PCB 103 NonDioxin 35.9 292 268 PCB 104 NonDioxin 0 U 21.9 0 U PCB 106 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 107 NonDioxin 277 1,360 1,280 PCB 108/124 NonDioxin 137 579 550 PCB 110/115 NonDioxin 3,860 18,600 19,200 PCB 111 NonDioxin 0 U 20.1 21.6 PCB 112 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 120 NonDioxin 0 U 99 104 PCB 121 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 122 NonDioxin 44.6 222 208 PCB 127 NonDioxin 0 U 20 24.9 PCB 128/166 NonDioxin 775 2,870 3,060 PCB 129/138/160/163 NonDioxin 4,760 18,100 19,800 PCB 130 NonDioxin 284 1,110 1,180 PCB 131 NonDioxin 57.9 204 215 PCB 132 NonDioxin 1,540 5,170 5,420 PCB 133 NonDioxin 67 332 340 PCB 134/143 NonDioxin 217 843 872 PCB 135/151/154 NonDioxin 1,110 5,060 5,970 PCB 136 NonDioxin 388 1,800 1,660 PCB 137 NonDioxin 245 867 786 PCB 139/140 NonDioxin 74.1 311 319 PCB 141 NonDioxin 781 2,610 2,970 PCB 142 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 144 NonDioxin 159 654 803 PCB 145 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 146 NonDioxin 651 2,780 2,930 PCB 147/149 NonDioxin 3,470 12,800 15,100 PCB 148 NonDioxin 0 U 60.3 66

GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 307A 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ 3,160 11,500 3,260 157 19,700 3,310 12,800 283 160 459 78.1 0 U 1,280 614 20,500 22 0 U 95.6 0 U 218 33.1 3,760 26,000 1,420 258 7,540 430 1,140 8,660 2,680 953 389 4,680 0 U 1,140 0 U 3,860 22,300 97.5

GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 307B 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 2,670 9,250 2,440 129 16,100 2,680 8,740 133 92.5 248 0 U 0 U 1,160 538 17,200 19.9 0 U 103 0 U 187 0 U 2,950 19,900 1,220 223 6,100 398 912 6,660 1,870 833 328 3,180 0 U 913 0 U 3,380 16,900 71.8

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 26,000 102,000 37,100 1,170 155,000 35,200 178,000 1,690 1,540 1,840 64.6 0 U 8,080 4,710 223,000 0 U 0 U 150 0 U 1,380 236 35,700 199,000 12,700 2,960 87,500 2,530 13,400 65,100 29,800 12,000 3,820 34,300 0 U 8,930 93.5 26,500 190,000 242

D-062310-01 (dup) 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 24,400 111,000 38,400 1,140 163,000 36,000 177,000 1,640 1,430 1,870 67.6 0 U 7,840 4,640 228,000 0 U 0 U 143 0 U 1,460 224 32,400 236,000 11,800 2,650 82,300 2,430 12,000 62,400 27,400 12,000 3,660 32,500 0 U 8,220 93.2 26,600 183,000 247

Page 31

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5 301 303 305 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 Parameter Type TEF Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ PCB 150 NonDioxin 0 U 70.5 71.4 PCB 152 NonDioxin 0 U 26.6 21.4 PCB 153/168 NonDioxin 3,790 16,000 17,700 PCB 155 NonDioxin 0 U 19.6 21 PCB 158 NonDioxin 441 1,660 1,760 PCB 159 NonDioxin 36.1 121 142 PCB 161 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 162 NonDioxin 0 U 62.2 69.5 PCB 164 NonDioxin 274 1,050 1,160 PCB 165 NonDioxin 0 U 19.3 0 U PCB 170 NonDioxin 902 3,380 4,210 PCB 171/173 NonDioxin 308 1,200 1,520 PCB 172 NonDioxin 176 679 820 PCB 174 NonDioxin 941 3,210 4,090 PCB 175 NonDioxin 46.6 179 235 PCB 176 NonDioxin 123 500 624 PCB 177 NonDioxin 627 2,390 2,960 PCB 178 NonDioxin 219 987 1,220 PCB 179 NonDioxin 386 1,670 2,070 PCB 180/193 NonDioxin 2,170 8,240 10,300 PCB 181 NonDioxin 0 U 40.6 43 PCB 182 NonDioxin 0 U 38.1 40.4 PCB 183/185 NonDioxin 755 2,860 3,670 PCB 184 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 19.1 PCB 186 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 187 NonDioxin 1,400 5,920 7,510 PCB 188 NonDioxin 0 U 26.1 32.8 PCB 190 NonDioxin 194 803 989 PCB 191 NonDioxin 42.1 155 192 PCB 192 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 194 NonDioxin 551 2,140 2,560 PCB 195 NonDioxin 214 771 835 PCB 196 NonDioxin 313 1,140 1,490 PCB 197/200 NonDioxin 97.9 403 448 PCB 198/199 NonDioxin 650 3,100 3,920 PCB 201 NonDioxin 89.4 384 499 PCB 202 NonDioxin 187 852 1,070 PCB 203 NonDioxin 467 1,810 2,250 PCB 204 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U

GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 307A 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ 159 65.7 24,300 30.8 2,490 280 0 U 76.8 1,680 22.2 6,940 2,320 1,320 7,340 370 953 4,350 1,790 3,020 17,500 64.7 0 U 5,560 0 U 0 U 10,700 51.6 1,600 330 0 U 4,240 1,670 2,530 779 5,970 671 1,230 3,740 0 U

GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 307B 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 99.1 31.1 19,000 20.7 1,690 166 0 U 71.3 1,260 20.8 5,160 1,880 992 5,420 320 846 3,800 1,560 2,590 13,300 61.1 46.8 4,700 30.1 0 U 9,800 32.1 1,160 255 0 U 2,510 908 1,970 659 5,080 720 1,090 3,290 0 U

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 518 320 155,000 0 U 20,700 1,400 0 U 488 R 14,300 0 U 28,600 10,200 4,990 34,300 1,350 4,540 15,900 6,390 14,100 66,200 R 403 163 24,400 0 U 0 U 42,300 103 5,150 1,220 0 U 12,400 4,710 7,560 2,920 18,800 2,530 3,990 11,800 0 U

D-062310-01 (dup) 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 497 331 159,000 0 U 19,500 1,370 0 U 408 13,100 0 U 25,900 8,880 4,810 30,100 1,270 4,070 15,000 5,850 13,100 62,900 376 175 22,100 0 U 0 U 40,500 95.2 4,990 1,120 0 U 12,700 4,830 7,390 2,720 19,000 2,450 3,840 12,800 0 U

Page 32

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD301-0.0-0.5 GC-SD303-0.0-0.5 GC-SD305-0.0-0.5 301 303 305 6/23/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 Parameter Type TEF Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ PCB 205 NonDioxin 30.1 110 135 PCB 206 NonDioxin 397 2,120 2,360 PCB 207 NonDioxin 51 252 299 PCB 208 NonDioxin 153 857 1,090 PCB 209 NonDioxin 303 1,780 2,290 PCB Nondioxin 92,484 731,667 607,428 Total PCB Congeners 99,450 764,560 638,537

GC-SD307A-0.0-0.5 307A 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ 228 3,190 389 1,200 2,000 633,461 666,997

GC-SD307B-0.0-0.5 307B 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 153 2,600 309 1,160 2,450 587,210 617,715

GC-SD308A-0.0-0.5 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 673 11,300 1,430 3,430 8,290 2,637,144 2,807,014

D-062310-01 (dup) 308A 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 687 11,700 1,520 3,510 8,230 2,792,703 2,960,573

Page 33

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5 GC-SD310-0.0-0.5 308B 309 310 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 77 Dioxin 0.0001 2,120 0.212 4,200 0.42 5,960 0.596 PCB 81 Dioxin 0.0003 50.7 0.01521 94.9 0.02847 156 0.0468 PCB 105 Dioxin 0.00003 5,020 0.1506 8,060 0.2418 15,800 0.474 PCB 114 Dioxin 0.00003 249 0.00747 454 0.01362 939 0.02817 PCB 118 Dioxin 0.00003 14,200 0.426 22,100 0.663 42,300 1.269 PCB 123 Dioxin 0.00003 252 0.00756 408 0.01224 720 0.0216 PCB 126 Dioxin 0.1 60.8 6.08 115 11.5 151 15.1 PCB 156/157 Dioxin 0.00003 2,200 0.066 3,170 0.0951 8,220 0.2466 PCB 167 Dioxin 0.00003 867 0.02601 1,190 0.0357 3,500 0.105 PCB 169 Dioxin 0.03 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 PCB 189 Dioxin 0.00003 248 0.00744 306 0.00918 1,300 0.039 PCB Dioxin 6.99829 13.01911 17.92617 PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin 1,280 168 668 3,690 0 U 1,630 97.1 4,380 151 262 1,930 2,050 0 U 12,900 1,370 3,640 4,290 740 20,700 2,750 3,550 0 U 52.2 2,770 4,690 959 2,440 286 1,360 6,410 88.6 3,320 264 9,240 379 529 2,830 3,760 0 23,800 3,420 7,460 9,890 1,920 41,600 6,950 7,960 0 148 5,190 9,360 1,720 1,480 278 1,010 6,800 147 4,920 371 12,600 533 375 3,670 5,700 0 22,700 8,900 17,000 23,300 2,900 76,200 16,600 19,200 42.7 271 10,400 14,100 3,450

GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 312 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 3,220 0.322 92.1 0.02763 8,430 0.2529 492 0.01476 23,300 0.699 342 0.01026 69.2 6.92 4,380 0.1314 2,070 0.0621 0 U 0 704 0.02112 8.46117
1,030 184 649 4,250 81.5 2,370 202 6,760 303 267 2,350 2,510 0 13,200 4,240 8,650 11,000 1,390 35,400 7,880 8,540 0 159 3,890 7,120 1,690

GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 GC-SD314-0.0-0.5 313 314 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 9,260 0.926 16,200 1.62 0 U 0 757 0.2271 41,700 1.251 72,200 2.166 2,890 0.0867 4,940 0.1482 125,000 3.75 206,000 R 0 2,740 0.0822 3,400 0.102 0 U 0 971 97.1 37,500 1.125 61,000 1.83 18,800 0.564 24,200 0.726 0 U 0 0 U 0 8,180 0.2454 14,400 0.432 8.0303 104.3513
9,480 1,560 5,680 63,300 2,200 42,700 4,840 104,000 7,500 2,350 5,280 14,700 0 58,200 55,200 69,500 135,000 24,000 208,000 92,400 70,000 0 1,900 24,600 45,700 11,500 7,540 668 5,770 53,200 2,050 24,800 4,380 111,000 7,050 1,620 9,980 10,600 38.8 65,200 75,500 86,400 175,000 21,500 295,000 143,000 101,000 379 2,100 25,400 55,700 13,100 J

D-06182010-01 (dup) 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 14,800 1.48 756 0.2268 65,200 1.956 4,460 0.1338 119,000 3.57 3,100 0.093 965 96.5 61,000 1.83 26,100 0.783 0 U 0 14,100 0.423 106.9956
7,950 790 5,880 55,700 1,760 25,700 4,400 116,000 6,930 1,430 10,100 11,400 45.9 68,000 63,300 82,000 158,000 21,500 258,000 119,000 94,300 368 2,090 25,500 54,500 12,100 J J J

Page 34

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5 GC-SD310-0.0-0.5 308B 309 310 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 31 NonDioxin 15,100 30,100 59,600 PCB 32 NonDioxin 2,560 4,710 R 10,600 PCB 34 NonDioxin 127 254 374 PCB 35 NonDioxin 537 951 1,460 PCB 36 NonDioxin 0 U 57.8 0 U PCB 37 NonDioxin 7,270 14,500 18,800 PCB 38 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 39 NonDioxin 128 226 457 PCB 40/41/71 NonDioxin 5,960 10,500 24,300 PCB 42 NonDioxin 2,890 5,220 11,800 PCB 43 NonDioxin 386 683 1,780 PCB 44/47/65 NonDioxin 11,100 19,300 48,300 PCB 45/51 NonDioxin 1,460 2,810 8,270 PCB 46 NonDioxin 444 845 2,220 PCB 48 NonDioxin 1,290 2,830 8,710 PCB 49/69 NonDioxin 9,710 15,000 39,400 PCB 50/53 NonDioxin 1,530 2,350 6,650 PCB 52 NonDioxin 11,100 17,900 50,200 PCB 54 NonDioxin 0 U 72.8 186 PCB 55 NonDioxin 165 279 811 PCB 56 NonDioxin 4,910 9,460 19,500 PCB 57 NonDioxin 103 209 290 PCB 58 NonDioxin 66.5 107 133 PCB 59/62/75 NonDioxin 997 1,940 3,950 PCB 60 NonDioxin 2,060 4,080 9,700 PCB 61/70/74/76 NonDioxin 18,800 32,900 82,900 PCB 63 NonDioxin 637 1,130 2,290 PCB 64 NonDioxin 3,960 7,320 20,600 PCB 66 NonDioxin 12,800 21,400 43,200 PCB 67 NonDioxin 421 836 2,210 PCB 68 NonDioxin 244 354 530 PCB 72 NonDioxin 273 441 621 PCB 73 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 78 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 79 NonDioxin 185 255 630 PCB 80 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 82 NonDioxin 1,390 2,000 4,700 PCB 83/99 NonDioxin 9,820 13,100 41,900 PCB 84 NonDioxin 3,350 4,110 9,510

GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 312 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 27,000 4,910 182 788 0 U 10,200 0 U 214 10,400 5,350 758 20,300 3,710 942 3,530 16,900 2,880 21,000 108 221 9,870 134 75 1,760 4,860 36,200 1,100 8,710 21,000 811 293 321 0 U 0 U 270 0 U 2,600 29,600 5,270

GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 313 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 176,000 36,300 1,010 2,660 0 U 50,000 0 U 934 70,200 35,300 5,940 138,000 33,100 10,700 28,200 92,700 23,600 143,000 1,070 1,870 42,400 661 0 U 12,700 24,800 170,000 4,800 50,500 90,100 4,390 662 908 0 U 0 U 964 0 U 11,100 188,000 29,800

GC-SD314-0.0-0.5 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 263,000 R 58,700 1,200 4,120 275 72,700 147 1,260 103,000 52,100 9,470 193,000 R 37,700 12,100 47,900 128,000 30,200 226,000 R 619 3,550 71,700 1,130 457 18,100 45,400 299,000 R 7,760 80,200 151,000 R 6,420 654 1,120 370 0 U 1,560 0 U 20,000 149,000 R 44,700

D-06182010-01 (dup) 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 221,000 54,000 1,230 4,020 179 67,900 194 1,330 96,900 50,400 8,860 128,000 33,600 10,300 44,900 87,800 27,100 155,000 625 3,330 69,600 1,150 624 17,500 45,300 214,000 7,700 76,800 110,000 6,610 787 1,240 436 0 U 1,980 0 U 17,200 152,000 39,400

Page 35

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5 GC-SD310-0.0-0.5 308B 309 310 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 85/116/117 NonDioxin 2,450 3,450 7,860 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 NonDioxin 8,760 12,000 34,100 PCB 88/91 NonDioxin 2,840 3,350 11,700 PCB 89 NonDioxin 110 177 455 PCB 90/101/113 NonDioxin 14,500 19,900 76,300 PCB 92 NonDioxin 2,780 3,400 9,050 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 NonDioxin 12,200 14,200 46,500 PCB 94 NonDioxin 130 179 459 PCB 96 NonDioxin 100 136 395 PCB 103 NonDioxin 252 372 1,480 PCB 104 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 63.5 PCB 106 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 107 NonDioxin 1,110 1,380 3,310 PCB 108/124 NonDioxin 459 649 1,760 PCB 110/115 NonDioxin 18,100 21,900 66,000 PCB 111 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 112 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 120 NonDioxin 56.4 121 234 PCB 121 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 122 NonDioxin 170 214 573 PCB 127 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 128/166 NonDioxin 3,370 3,930 10,500 PCB 129/138/160/163 NonDioxin 23,500 25,000 128,000 PCB 130 NonDioxin 1,290 1,450 4,940 PCB 131 NonDioxin 259 256 920 PCB 132 NonDioxin 7,040 7,450 34,400 PCB 133 NonDioxin 366 408 1,430 PCB 134/143 NonDioxin 1,110 1,160 4,650 PCB 135/151/154 NonDioxin 6,860 8,010 45,600 PCB 136 NonDioxin 2,280 2,600 14,100 PCB 137 NonDioxin 992 876 2,580 PCB 139/140 NonDioxin 369 373 1,400 PCB 141 NonDioxin 3,670 3,980 26,900 PCB 142 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 144 NonDioxin 947 1,060 5,820 PCB 145 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 146 NonDioxin 3,250 3,600 19,000 PCB 147/149 NonDioxin 19,000 19,900 132,000 PCB 148 NonDioxin 50.1 69.1 321

GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 312 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 4,120 17,700 8,110 250 41,400 4,960 25,400 271 232 1,310 40.7 0 U 1,910 927 32,800 0 U 0 U 214 0 U 289 0 U 5,940 60,700 2,430 513 16,000 814 2,470 26,300 8,010 1,680 913 11,600 0 U 2,820 0 U 10,300 69,800 355

GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 313 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 17,900 89,700 59,400 1,520 273,000 31,400 210,000 1,190 R 1,770 11,600 0 U 0 U 5,880 3,940 164,000 0 U 0 U 1,200 0 U 1,340 0 U 39,100 441,000 13,400 3,890 119,000 5,590 21,500 230,000 66,500 9,010 7,150 109,000 0 U 25,500 0 U 72,800 551,000 2,470

GC-SD314-0.0-0.5 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 31,700 144,000 R 53,700 2,320 365,000 R 50,600 300,000 R 1,140 1,770 8,630 59.4 0 U 11,600 7,540 262,000 R 38.4 0 U 829 0 U 2,260 244 64,200 681,000 R 23,800 6,120 211,000 9,280 32,300 391,000 R 81,800 13,500 9,100 204,000 0 U 57,600 56.8 115,000 742,000 R 2,220

D-06182010-01 (dup) 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 28,700 91,900 56,000 2,100 321,000 54,100 217,000 1,080 1,540 9,610 64.2 0 U 10,900 7,140 177,000 33.7 0 U 1,010 0 U 2,010 410 63,400 605,000 25,000 6,330 153,000 9,500 35,100 298,000 120,000 15,900 11,000 155,000 0 U 60,900 56.7 129,000 681,000 2,510

Page 36

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5 GC-SD310-0.0-0.5 308B 309 310 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 150 NonDioxin 76.2 131 964 PCB 152 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 132 PCB 153/168 NonDioxin 20,500 23,400 148,000 PCB 155 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 89.5 PCB 158 NonDioxin 2,090 2,330 9,740 PCB 159 NonDioxin 174 270 1,820 PCB 161 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 162 NonDioxin 75.4 72.8 167 PCB 164 NonDioxin 1,470 1,690 7,720 PCB 165 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 170 NonDioxin 5,200 7,710 32,000 PCB 171/173 NonDioxin 1,800 2,470 10,900 PCB 172 NonDioxin 1,000 1,340 5,740 PCB 174 NonDioxin 5,110 6,710 40,500 PCB 175 NonDioxin 265 377 1,490 PCB 176 NonDioxin 735 979 5,100 PCB 177 NonDioxin 3,490 4,810 17,800 PCB 178 NonDioxin 1,330 1,870 7,710 PCB 179 NonDioxin 2,380 3,220 17,600 PCB 180/193 NonDioxin 12,600 16,700 93,400 PCB 181 NonDioxin 55 65.9 237 PCB 182 NonDioxin 42.4 0 U 98.9 PCB 183/185 NonDioxin 4,460 5,850 28,800 PCB 184 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 40.9 PCB 186 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 187 NonDioxin 8,460 11,800 60,500 PCB 188 NonDioxin 0 U 54.7 240 PCB 190 NonDioxin 1,130 1,610 6,120 PCB 191 NonDioxin 234 328 1,530 PCB 192 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 194 NonDioxin 3,240 3,800 16,700 PCB 195 NonDioxin 1,220 1,410 6,510 PCB 196 NonDioxin 1,650 2,170 8,970 PCB 197/200 NonDioxin 542 751 3,280 PCB 198/199 NonDioxin 4,230 5,190 20,100 PCB 201 NonDioxin 548 754 2,810 PCB 202 NonDioxin 1,140 1,540 4,020 PCB 203 NonDioxin 2,740 3,460 12,700 PCB 204 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U

GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 312 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 1,060 82.6 82,000 104 5,160 682 0 U 103 4,010 0 U 16,000 5,330 3,020 17,900 789 2,450 8,870 4,570 9,220 43,100 162 0 U 14,500 0 U 0 U 34,500 309 3,450 797 0 U 10,700 3,760 5,320 1,800 12,800 1,700 3,120 8,820 0 U

GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 313 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 7,960 0 U 631,000 868 43,000 6,940 0 U 654 38,400 0 U 188,000 56,800 32,600 183,000 8,260 23,600 99,800 42,900 87,700 446,000 1,520 0 U 147,000 0 U 0 U 266,000 2,510 40,900 8,780 0 U 93,600 35,200 45,600 13,900 79,200 10,100 17,000 57,800 0 U

GC-SD314-0.0-0.5 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 5,860 177 857,000 R 516 73,200 11,100 0 U 1,040 59,400 39 295,000 R 102,000 57,900 300,000 R 15,600 45,600 180,000 R 70,100 147,000 R 657,000 R 2,390 783 269,000 R 115 0 U 415,000 R 1,860 71,200 15,400 0 U 147,000 R 46,900 R 78,700 25,000 131,000 18,400 23,600 102,000 38.9

D-06182010-01 (dup) 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 8,690 224 841,000 519 77,700 10,100 0 U 1,180 62,100 53.2 189,000 61,400 58,800 202,000 16,500 47,700 107,000 74,100 89,500 492,000 2,680 857 169,000 139 0 U 284,000 1,930 69,200 14,900 0 U 101,000 58,200 67,300 25,100 130,000 18,100 23,400 91,400 34.1

Page 37

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD308B-0.0-0.5 GC-SD309-0.0-0.5 GC-SD310-0.0-0.5 308B 309 310 6/24/2010 6/18/2010 6/24/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 205 NonDioxin 152 218 857 PCB 206 NonDioxin 2,970 3,220 8,040 PCB 207 NonDioxin 385 357 1,090 PCB 208 NonDioxin 1,090 1,220 2,900 PCB 209 NonDioxin 2,570 2,630 4,560 PCB Nondioxin 440,015 655,904 2,073,307 Total PCB Congeners 465,283 696,002 2,152,353

GC-SD312-0.0-0.5 312 6/23/2010 Conc TEQ 561 6,810 835 2,050 2,440 1,055,846 1,098,945

GC-SD313-0.0-0.5 313 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 5,530 20,600 2,760 4,620 4,910 7,886,531 8,132,601

GC-SD314-0.0-0.5 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 8,670 30,800 4,980 6,110 4,830 3,836,404 4,034,472

D-06182010-01 (dup) 314 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 8,350 30,200 4,910 6,360 4,880 9,769,540 10,079,021

Page 38

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 D-06182010-02 (dup) GC-SD318-0.0-0.5 GC-SD319-0.0-0.5 GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 315 315 318 319 320 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 77 Dioxin 0.0001 13,900 1.39 11,700 1.17 13,300 1.33 5,370 0.537 4,770 0.477 PCB 81 Dioxin 0.0003 691 0.2073 532 0.1596 572 0.1716 218 0.0654 205 0.0615 PCB 105 Dioxin 0.00003 51,400 1.542 47,500 1.425 36,700 1.101 17,700 0.531 13,800 0.414 PCB 114 Dioxin 0.00003 3,610 0.1083 3,220 0.0966 2,360 0.0708 1,160 0.0348 976 0.02928 PCB 118 Dioxin 0.00003 104,000 3.12 95,600 2.868 84,000 2.52 50,800 1.524 31,000 0.93 PCB 123 Dioxin 0.00003 2,620 0.0786 2,530 0.0759 1,480 0.0444 758 0.02274 709 0.02127 PCB 126 Dioxin 0.1 539 53.9 442 44.2 261 26.1 113 11.3 110 11 PCB 156/157 Dioxin 0.00003 33,600 1.008 36,500 1.095 14,400 0.432 9,290 0.2787 4,770 0.1431 PCB 167 Dioxin 0.00003 13,900 0.417 16,000 0.48 5,480 0.1644 3,960 0.1188 1,890 0.0567 PCB 169 Dioxin 0.03 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 PCB 189 Dioxin 0.00003 7,270 0.2181 7,490 0.2247 2,050 0.0615 1,570 0.0471 661 0.01983 PCB Dioxin 61.9893 51.7948 31.9957 14.45954 13.15268 PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin 10,800 2,250 8,240 74,700 2,400 32,800 5,760 140,000 8,820 1,810 7,570 12,600 43.9 69,200 78,100 94,600 193,000 27,300 338,000 165,000 104,000 416 2,260 26,700 58,700 13,900 J J J 10,600 2,210 7,670 68,100 2,030 30,400 5,210 124,000 8,220 1,550 7,010 12,000 40.5 67,000 63,700 85,400 151,000 24,300 264,000 128,000 83,000 346 1,910 22,900 49,100 12,700 J 1,880 299 1,450 16,500 764 11,600 1,690 41,800 2,580 645 5,430 8,890 12.1 41,900 36,400 44,800 80,600 8,460 222,000 90,500 73,700 291 849 15,900 33,400 6,170 1,860 196 1,130 12,500 400 6,060 914 26,900 1,350 454 2,130 3,440 6.07 20,800 22,300 27,200 49,700 5,860 102,000 44,300 32,900 73.6 422 8,490 16,700 3,670 798 111 619 7,640 348 4,500 776 20,700 1,140 327 1,270 2,550 0 14,200 19,400 24,200 37,600 4,040 68,700 36,600 26,800 78.6 573 6,030 13,300 3,340

GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 321 324 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ 3,940 0.394 5,450 0.545 112 0.0336 146 0.0438 9,170 0.2751 11,000 0.33 572 0.01716 611 0.01833 25,200 0.756 28,000 0.84 439 0.01317 505 0.01515 81.6 8.16 148 14.8 3,610 0.1083 3,710 0.1113 1,430 0.0429 1,420 0.0426 0 U 0 0 U 0 454 0.01362 416 0.01248 9.81385 16.75866
1,320 193 729 4,900 74.2 2,380 196 8,010 304 311 2,150 2,770 0 15,900 4,930 9,630 13,700 1,820 52,800 10,900 10,300 19.9 127 4,890 9,320 1,880 4,560 713 2,410 10,200 77.9 4,700 326 13,200 488 592 4,350 6,020 0 35,800 5,510 12,600 16,300 2,520 69,300 11,400 12,100 30.3 206 8,000 14,600 2,810 J

Page 39

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 D-06182010-02 (dup) GC-SD318-0.0-0.5 315 315 318 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 31 NonDioxin 294,000 227,000 209,000 PCB 32 NonDioxin 61,600 51,800 31,700 PCB 34 NonDioxin 1,270 1,060 1,110 PCB 35 NonDioxin 4,100 3,330 5,700 PCB 36 NonDioxin 36.4 R 31.1 0 U PCB 37 NonDioxin 69,500 60,000 51,200 PCB 38 NonDioxin 180 109 127 PCB 39 NonDioxin 1,350 1,160 1,630 PCB 40/41/71 NonDioxin 97,200 87,800 74,400 PCB 42 NonDioxin 51,100 44,400 36,800 PCB 43 NonDioxin 9,310 8,100 5,990 PCB 44/47/65 NonDioxin 175,000 146,000 125,000 PCB 45/51 NonDioxin 35,300 33,700 24,600 PCB 46 NonDioxin 11,600 10,000 7,770 PCB 48 NonDioxin 47,000 40,700 33,100 PCB 49/69 NonDioxin 126,000 105,000 94,400 PCB 50/53 NonDioxin 30,100 26,500 17,300 PCB 52 NonDioxin 208,000 172,000 128,000 PCB 54 NonDioxin 699 748 347 PCB 55 NonDioxin 3,380 2,720 2,080 PCB 56 NonDioxin 69,000 59,200 70,100 PCB 57 NonDioxin 1,130 867 1,000 R PCB 58 NonDioxin 441 406 331 PCB 59/62/75 NonDioxin 17,800 16,200 12,000 PCB 60 NonDioxin 45,600 38,200 43,200 PCB 61/70/74/76 NonDioxin 277,000 218,000 266,000 PCB 63 NonDioxin 7,060 6,420 7,370 PCB 64 NonDioxin 77,300 71,200 63,600 PCB 66 NonDioxin 138,000 109,000 139,000 PCB 67 NonDioxin 6,120 5,830 5,790 PCB 68 NonDioxin 633 584 862 PCB 72 NonDioxin 1,050 1,070 1,290 PCB 73 NonDioxin 366 328 0 U PCB 78 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 79 NonDioxin 1,250 1,420 1,210 PCB 80 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 82 NonDioxin 14,700 11,100 11,200 PCB 83/99 NonDioxin 134,000 156,000 87,700 PCB 84 NonDioxin 33,300 28,600 22,000

GC-SD319-0.0-0.5 319 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 84,700 19,700 304 1,130 0 U 21,200 45.2 518 31,700 20,900 2,640 58,100 14,500 4,040 16,200 39,400 11,500 61,200 244 990 26,400 334 112 6,070 17,100 101,000 2,780 24,400 55,100 1,950 343 468 0 U 0 U 675 0 U 5,400 59,300 12,700

GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 320 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 62,500 14,300 270 891 0 U 17,500 42.3 525 34,300 16,200 2,460 53,700 12,700 3,990 14,300 40,000 9,470 53,700 190 718 25,900 264 94.1 5,220 14,600 89,400 2,650 27,700 53,200 2,610 248 323 0 U 0 U 483 0 U 5,340 35,400 10,700

GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 321 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 40,300 6,530 208 878 0 U 12,500 21.9 294 19,600 9,360 1,140 28,500 5,000 1,360 6,000 22,100 4,130 28,900 100 438 17,300 230 104 2,720 7,320 57,000 1,760 15,000 34,000 1,090 301 414 0 U 0 U 403 0 U 3,040 23,500 6,190

GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 324 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 48,400 8,690 389 1,320 89 21,000 26.4 372 18,500 9,020 1,410 33,900 5,330 1,490 5,650 26,300 4,350 34,600 139 499 15,000 322 144 3,270 7,110 55,500 1,810 13,400 34,600 1,250 447 634 107 0 U 316 0 U 2,860 20,200 5,990

Page 40

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 D-06182010-02 (dup) GC-SD318-0.0-0.5 315 315 318 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 85/116/117 NonDioxin 24,300 20,600 16,200 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 NonDioxin 85,100 78,900 65,400 PCB 88/91 NonDioxin 44,900 58,000 24,800 PCB 89 NonDioxin 1,920 1,510 1,270 PCB 90/101/113 NonDioxin 229,000 232,000 139,000 PCB 92 NonDioxin 33,500 31,900 18,200 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 NonDioxin 169,000 178,000 86,700 PCB 94 NonDioxin 964 897 650 PCB 96 NonDioxin 1,600 1,760 747 PCB 103 NonDioxin 7,190 11,200 2,040 PCB 104 NonDioxin 77.5 233 52.2 PCB 106 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 107 NonDioxin 7,700 5,960 5,930 PCB 108/124 NonDioxin 5,200 4,420 3,350 PCB 110/115 NonDioxin 141,000 139,000 113,000 PCB 111 NonDioxin 32 34.9 17.7 R PCB 112 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 120 NonDioxin 759 1,150 262 PCB 121 NonDioxin 0 U 88.8 0 U PCB 122 NonDioxin 1,670 1,330 1,220 PCB 127 NonDioxin 216 280 0 U PCB 128/166 NonDioxin 36,200 35,200 17,800 PCB 129/138/160/163 NonDioxin 413,000 417,000 164,000 PCB 130 NonDioxin 13,800 13,600 6,890 PCB 131 NonDioxin 3,570 3,980 1,530 R PCB 132 NonDioxin 109,000 111,000 41,200 PCB 133 NonDioxin 5,260 5,960 1,870 R PCB 134/143 NonDioxin 19,600 20,800 6,680 R PCB 135/151/154 NonDioxin 224,000 249,000 57,500 PCB 136 NonDioxin 62,800 71,000 14,400 R PCB 137 NonDioxin 8,970 10,700 5,100 PCB 139/140 NonDioxin 6,450 7,850 2,160 R PCB 141 NonDioxin 104,000 114,000 33,100 PCB 142 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 144 NonDioxin 29,100 26,900 6,910 PCB 145 NonDioxin 47.3 39.1 27 R PCB 146 NonDioxin 68,500 85,800 22,000 PCB 147/149 NonDioxin 491,000 554,000 153,000 PCB 148 NonDioxin 1,870 2,820 434 R

GC-SD319-0.0-0.5 319 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 8,780 37,800 16,700 646 87,500 11,200 65,700 422 541 2,160 54.5 0 U 2,840 1,550 70,800 14.5 0 U 260 0 U 482 0 U 11,000 143,000 3,970 890 36,100 1,180 5,040 63,500 16,600 2,730 1,450 32,000 0 U 6,040 12.3 21,700 157,000 402

GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 320 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 7,220 28,300 11,500 760 44,700 6,620 40,100 411 534 1,450 32.5 0 U 2,190 1,230 40,400 0 U 0 U 137 0 U 493 0 U 6,130 68,300 2,470 558 19,500 713 3,000 27,800 8,950 1,800 892 13,300 0 U 3,150 0 U 9,880 74,600 242

GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 321 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 4,610 18,200 7,250 334 33,000 4,730 22,300 218 229 648 31.8 0 U 1,630 754 33,900 17.5 0 U 144 8.53 275 0 U 4,720 45,300 1,670 314 12,900 493 1,620 17,300 4,780 1,230 484 8,020 0 U 1,690 7.15 7,090 41,700 145

GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 324 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 4,830 16,800 5,700 361 29,200 5,300 21,000 255 262 682 36.2 0 U 1,880 913 29,000 29.5 0 U 171 0 U 326 32.5 4,620 35,600 1,860 391 10,500 595 1,700 15,500 4,270 1,270 620 6,430 0 U 1,760 0 U 6,290 33,500 163

Page 41

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 D-06182010-02 (dup) GC-SD318-0.0-0.5 315 315 318 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 150 NonDioxin 5,810 10,300 1,070 PCB 152 NonDioxin 217 266 73.1 PCB 153/168 NonDioxin 599,000 690,000 188,000 PCB 155 NonDioxin 459 766 112 PCB 158 NonDioxin 39,400 43,300 15,900 PCB 159 NonDioxin 5,450 5,820 2,300 PCB 161 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 162 NonDioxin 602 610 269 R PCB 164 NonDioxin 33,300 35,000 11,700 PCB 165 NonDioxin 31 65.3 25.3 PCB 170 NonDioxin 116,000 129,000 55,500 PCB 171/173 NonDioxin 51,600 49,100 15,900 PCB 172 NonDioxin 29,500 27,800 9,760 PCB 174 NonDioxin 109,000 133,000 58,900 PCB 175 NonDioxin 8,180 8,120 2,390 PCB 176 NonDioxin 24,100 23,200 6,910 PCB 177 NonDioxin 92,000 80,800 26,700 PCB 178 NonDioxin 39,400 39,200 11,700 PCB 179 NonDioxin 84,600 66,000 24,100 PCB 180/193 NonDioxin 299,000 340,000 153,000 PCB 181 NonDioxin 1,520 1,650 412 PCB 182 NonDioxin 458 385 129 PCB 183/185 NonDioxin 101,000 115,000 44,200 PCB 184 NonDioxin 101 105 40.9 PCB 186 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 187 NonDioxin 178,000 222,000 89,900 PCB 188 NonDioxin 1,490 2,230 329 PCB 190 NonDioxin 37,900 39,100 12,300 PCB 191 NonDioxin 8,110 7,870 2,430 PCB 192 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 194 NonDioxin 75,900 78,300 31,800 PCB 195 NonDioxin 28,600 33,500 13,800 PCB 196 NonDioxin 39,400 41,900 17,400 PCB 197/200 NonDioxin 13,400 13,300 5,620 PCB 198/199 NonDioxin 73,100 77,000 40,800 PCB 201 NonDioxin 9,920 10,300 4,630 PCB 202 NonDioxin 12,700 14,500 7,940 PCB 203 NonDioxin 56,700 57,300 25,600 PCB 204 NonDioxin 29.1 26.6 10.3

GC-SD319-0.0-0.5 319 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 1,400 90.3 187,000 141 11,900 2,110 0 U 139 8,680 0 U 44,400 17,800 9,770 45,300 2,000 6,510 22,000 11,500 23,100 122,000 430 91.1 35,200 24.7 0 U 75,500 398 13,300 2,450 0 U 21,500 9,260 11,700 3,150 22,500 2,160 3,850 15,600 4.98

GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 320 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 771 75.1 81,000 66.9 5,530 860 0 U 73.4 4,300 0 U 17,700 5,760 2,910 21,000 766 2,600 9,470 4,190 9,490 45,200 145 51.5 14,800 0 U 0 U 30,900 165 3,570 771 0 U 8,510 3,350 4,410 1,350 9,460 1,220 1,870 6,030 0 U

GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 321 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 339 42.3 50,900 51.5 3,680 560 0 U 84.3 2,660 0 U 15,800 4,410 2,460 16,200 520 1,630 8,740 3,080 6,210 30,700 115 51.6 11,400 17.5 0 U 20,900 111 2,900 582 0 U 6,860 2,440 3,270 991 7,730 813 1,650 4,870 0 U

GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 324 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 390 50.2 39,100 55.3 3,120 355 0 U 98.7 2,400 25.4 9,650 3,620 1,900 10,800 599 1,630 6,820 2,780 5,750 25,500 107 74.1 9,260 30.6 0 U 18,600 107 2,120 522 0 U 4,880 1,530 3,150 1,050 8,210 1,140 1,760 5,190 0 U

Page 42

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York GC-SD315-0.0-0.5 D-06182010-02 (dup) GC-SD318-0.0-0.5 315 315 318 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 205 NonDioxin 4,520 5,120 1,480 PCB 206 NonDioxin 19,400 20,800 15,300 PCB 207 NonDioxin 1,690 2,890 2,210 PCB 208 NonDioxin 2,840 4,650 5,070 PCB 209 NonDioxin 5,520 4,720 5,100 PCB Nondioxin 8,091,652 7,910,886 4,227,280 Total PCB Congeners 8,323,182 8,132,400 4,387,883

GC-SD319-0.0-0.5 319 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 1,000 6,390 742 1,810 2,910 2,650,774 2,741,713

GC-SD320-0.0-0.5 320 6/22/2010 Conc TEQ 441 3,370 441 987 1,510 1,640,005 1,698,896

GC-SD321-0.0-0.5 321 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 300 3,300 372 1,220 2,430 1,015,419 1,060,428

GC-SD324-0.0-0.5 324 6/21/2010 Conc TEQ 309 3,560 433 1,550 3,080 1,046,401 1,097,807

Page 43

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York D-06212010-01 (dup) GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SD326-0.0-0.5 GC-SD330-0.0-0.5 GC-SD333-0.0-0.5 324 325 326 330 333 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/17/2010 6/18/2010 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 77 Dioxin 0.0001 3,080 0.308 2,790 0.279 9,340 0.934 3,750 0.375 3,050 0.305 PCB 81 Dioxin 0.0003 74.2 0.02226 70 0.021 150 0.045 74.3 0.02229 74.4 0.02232 PCB 105 Dioxin 0.00003 5,780 0.1734 6,470 0.1941 12,200 0.366 3,520 0.1056 3,780 0.1134 PCB 114 Dioxin 0.00003 352 0.01056 416 0.01248 623 0.01869 188 0.00564 208 0.00624 PCB 118 Dioxin 0.00003 15,200 0.456 20,700 0.621 38,300 1.149 9,900 0.297 10,300 0.309 PCB 123 Dioxin 0.00003 276 0.00828 392 0.01176 512 0.01536 190 0.0057 192 0.00576 PCB 126 Dioxin 0.1 50 5 46 4.6 182 18.2 69.3 6.93 68.2 6.82 PCB 156/157 Dioxin 0.00003 1,900 0.057 2,230 0.0669 4,050 0.1215 1,050 0.0315 1,080 0.0324 PCB 167 Dioxin 0.00003 700 0.021 927 0.02781 1,350 0.0405 361 0.01083 408 0.01224 PCB 169 Dioxin 0.03 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 0 U 0 PCB 189 Dioxin 0.00003 180 0.0054 184 0.00552 421 0.01263 89.7 0.002691 98.8 0.002964 PCB Dioxin 6.0619 5.83957 20.90268 7.786251 7.629324 PCB 1 PCB 2 PCB 3 PCB 4 PCB 5 PCB 6 PCB 7 PCB 8 PCB 9 PCB 10 PCB 11 PCB 12/13 PCB 14 PCB 15 PCB 16 PCB 17 PCB 18/30 PCB 19 PCB 20/28 PCB 21/33 PCB 22 PCB 23 PCB 24 PCB 25 PCB 26/29 PCB 27 NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin NonDioxin 1,140 200 623 4,130 50 1,920 158 6,250 226 273 2,150 2,400 5.08 12,800 3,490 6,960 10,200 1,500 36,500 7,480 7,880 15.2 104 4,380 8,210 1,450 1,040 166 540 3,620 36.5 1,690 137 5,550 202 235 1,680 2,100 0 U 11,800 2,830 6,610 9,260 1,260 36,800 6,390 6,320 10.4 78.3 4,230 7,790 1,280 6,650 2,510 4,870 21,100 200 7,210 718 22,400 894 660 22,100 15,900 28.8 62,000 11,300 25,600 32,000 5,940 113,000 19,700 24,400 43.3 436 14,900 25,800 5,160 J J J 4,620 839 2,380 8,380 32.9 3,570 188 9,390 296 441 3,900 5,290 0 26,200 1,840 6,290 6,690 1,760 41,800 4,730 6,040 0 74.1 5,500 10,000 1,560 J J J 4,520 761 2,180 8,370 38.1 3,560 197 9,490 318 447 3,320 5,080 0 27,200 2,080 6,470 6,990 1,530 41,800 4,680 6,270 0 86.5 5,340 9,800 1,620 J J J

Page 44

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York D-06212010-01 (dup) GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SD326-0.0-0.5 324 325 326 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 31 NonDioxin 26,400 26,300 76,800 PCB 32 NonDioxin 6,030 5,200 16,800 PCB 34 NonDioxin 191 154 912 PCB 35 NonDioxin 792 604 3,400 PCB 36 NonDioxin 0 U 23 206 PCB 37 NonDioxin 8,600 8,650 33,100 PCB 38 NonDioxin 18.4 14.1 60.5 PCB 39 NonDioxin 230 201 816 PCB 40/41/71 NonDioxin 13,000 12,000 35,000 PCB 42 NonDioxin 6,340 5,910 20,700 PCB 43 NonDioxin 819 691 2,700 PCB 44/47/65 NonDioxin 20,700 18,500 68,000 PCB 45/51 NonDioxin 3,560 3,050 9,960 PCB 46 NonDioxin 1,080 790 2,780 PCB 48 NonDioxin 3,980 3,540 11,600 PCB 49/69 NonDioxin 15,600 20,900 52,500 PCB 50/53 NonDioxin 3,070 2,880 8,080 PCB 52 NonDioxin 22,400 20,400 65,400 PCB 54 NonDioxin 67.2 58.5 191 PCB 55 NonDioxin 217 188 594 PCB 56 NonDioxin 11,100 11,200 28,500 PCB 57 NonDioxin 171 203 590 PCB 58 NonDioxin 76.3 72.5 508 PCB 59/62/75 NonDioxin 2,040 1,730 7,330 PCB 60 NonDioxin 4,350 4,280 6,660 PCB 61/70/74/76 NonDioxin 36,800 38,700 86,100 PCB 63 NonDioxin 1,050 1,010 3,450 PCB 64 NonDioxin 9,360 9,600 27,300 PCB 66 NonDioxin 23,300 25,000 60,900 PCB 67 NonDioxin 810 834 2,170 PCB 68 NonDioxin 256 233 1,120 PCB 72 NonDioxin 327 334 1,830 PCB 73 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 210 PCB 78 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 79 NonDioxin 253 311 668 PCB 80 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 82 NonDioxin 2,020 1,780 4,450 PCB 83/99 NonDioxin 12,800 19,100 34,400 PCB 84 NonDioxin 4,230 4,650 11,300

GC-SD330-0.0-0.5 330 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 29,400 4,710 305 1,230 92.7 12,500 0 U 258 9,270 4,180 605 16,200 1,820 543 2,030 14,200 1,710 14,700 60.2 J 244 6,900 235 117 1,610 2,660 26,300 1,040 5,540 17,900 701 390 497 89.5 0 U 137 0 U 889 6,920 2,090

GC-SD333-0.0-0.5 333 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 29,000 4,750 273 981 82.2 13,200 0 U 232 9,030 4,230 572 15,800 1,810 544 1,950 13,500 1,640 14,000 43.4 233 6,920 220 121 1,600 2,630 25,400 1,000 5,560 17,800 669 348 468 78.3 0 U 135 0 U 1,000 7,160 2,270

Page 45

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York D-06212010-01 (dup) GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SD326-0.0-0.5 324 325 326 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 85/116/117 NonDioxin 3,040 3,150 7,980 PCB 86/87/97/109/119/125 NonDioxin 11,100 13,200 26,300 PCB 88/91 NonDioxin 3,800 5,630 8,660 PCB 89 NonDioxin 221 164 672 PCB 90/101/113 NonDioxin 18,500 23,900 45,600 PCB 92 NonDioxin 3,140 4,220 10,200 PCB 93/95/98/100/102 NonDioxin 15,600 16,800 36,000 PCB 94 NonDioxin 146 119 442 PCB 96 NonDioxin 157 130 421 PCB 103 NonDioxin 379 389 962 PCB 104 NonDioxin 19.2 18 19.6 PCB 106 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 107 NonDioxin 1,080 1,270 3,380 PCB 108/124 NonDioxin 511 606 939 PCB 110/115 NonDioxin 20,600 25,400 48,000 PCB 111 NonDioxin 12.8 13 R 82 PCB 112 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 120 NonDioxin 87.3 108 445 PCB 121 NonDioxin 6.97 0 U 20.4 PCB 122 NonDioxin 200 189 364 PCB 127 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 128/166 NonDioxin 2,550 2,580 5,910 PCB 129/138/160/163 NonDioxin 19,800 27,000 39,800 PCB 130 NonDioxin 1,070 949 2,830 PCB 131 NonDioxin 185 186 447 PCB 132 NonDioxin 6,530 6,130 13,100 PCB 133 NonDioxin 277 290 904 PCB 134/143 NonDioxin 1,010 992 2,080 PCB 135/151/154 NonDioxin 7,780 9,370 17,100 PCB 136 NonDioxin 2,340 2,690 5,530 PCB 137 NonDioxin 699 740 1,400 PCB 139/140 NonDioxin 276 293 821 PCB 141 NonDioxin 3,530 3,150 5,110 PCB 142 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 144 NonDioxin 822 724 1,880 PCB 145 NonDioxin 4.79 4.09 R 19.1 PCB 146 NonDioxin 3,200 4,820 8,050 PCB 147/149 NonDioxin 19,900 24,700 35,300 PCB 148 NonDioxin 69.5 73.2 160

GC-SD330-0.0-0.5 330 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 1,740 5,280 1,890 97.1 8,990 2,030 6,630 126 86.4 187 0 U 0 U 854 292 9,930 19.4 0 U 85.3 0 U 103 0 U 1,370 8,360 579 81.3 2,480 206 455 3,280 1,020 338 158 1,060 0 U 339 0 U 1,630 6,880 45.8

GC-SD333-0.0-0.5 333 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 1,880 5,610 2,010 106 9,570 2,100 7,020 123 84.1 190 0 U 0 U 892 304 10,700 0 U 0 U 83.2 0 U 122 0 U 1,540 9,120 636 91 2,760 218 489 3,580 1,110 357 169 1,160 0 U 381 0 U 1,760 7,630 46.7

Page 46

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York D-06212010-01 (dup) GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SD326-0.0-0.5 324 325 326 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 150 NonDioxin 153 175 180 PCB 152 NonDioxin 20.9 26.9 47.4 PCB 153/168 NonDioxin 19,100 23,900 41,000 PCB 155 NonDioxin 27.2 28.6 96.2 PCB 158 NonDioxin 1,650 1,840 3,380 PCB 159 NonDioxin 228 189 362 PCB 161 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 162 NonDioxin 53.8 58.2 122 PCB 164 NonDioxin 1,310 1,330 2,580 PCB 165 NonDioxin 12.2 0 U 33.7 PCB 170 NonDioxin 5,180 5,550 9,670 PCB 171/173 NonDioxin 1,670 1,600 3,710 PCB 172 NonDioxin 872 930 2,010 PCB 174 NonDioxin 5,490 5,200 10,400 PCB 175 NonDioxin 234 198 592 PCB 176 NonDioxin 697 589 1,800 PCB 177 NonDioxin 3,320 3,840 7,650 PCB 178 NonDioxin 1,210 1,210 3,270 PCB 179 NonDioxin 2,600 2,470 6,370 PCB 180/193 NonDioxin 12,100 14,600 24,100 PCB 181 NonDioxin 42.6 50.1 88.5 PCB 182 NonDioxin 30.7 31.7 143 PCB 183/185 NonDioxin 4,130 4,210 9,400 PCB 184 NonDioxin 9.68 10 42.7 PCB 186 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 187 NonDioxin 9,220 12,600 19,700 PCB 188 NonDioxin 45.2 51.6 52.2 PCB 190 NonDioxin 1,010 1,080 2,180 PCB 191 NonDioxin 201 209 457 PCB 192 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U PCB 194 NonDioxin 2,430 2,520 6,190 PCB 195 NonDioxin 849 840 1,380 PCB 196 NonDioxin 1,570 1,340 3,970 PCB 197/200 NonDioxin 434 497 1,190 PCB 198/199 NonDioxin 3,530 3,620 12,800 PCB 201 NonDioxin 428 397 1,530 PCB 202 NonDioxin 969 987 3,580 PCB 203 NonDioxin 2,300 2,300 6,550 PCB 204 NonDioxin 0 U 0 U 0 U

GC-SD330-0.0-0.5 330 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 49.5 0 U 8,250 0 U 661 68.5 0 U 30.9 514 0 U 1,840 660 349 1,740 115 297 1,440 649 1,130 4,560 23.1 24.3 1,660 0 U 0 U 3,920 23.5 408 83.7 0 U 1,240 380 741 247 2,160 332 665 1,300 0 U

GC-SD333-0.0-0.5 333 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 52 0 U 9,070 0 U 730 72 0 U 36.8 547 0 U 2,170 756 428 2,050 131 365 1,740 794 1,350 5,710 23.8 26 2,080 0 U 0 U 4,850 21 479 92.6 0 U 1,760 515 1,070 298 2,960 392 801 1,790 0 U

Page 47

TABLE 2.12 Supplement a PCB Congener Concentrations (ng/kg) in Surface Sediments and PCB Dioxin, PCB Non-dioxin, and PCB total calculations Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York D-06212010-01 (dup) GC-SD325-0.0-0.5 GC-SD326-0.0-0.5 324 325 326 6/21/2010 6/21/2010 6/17/2010 Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Conc TEQ Parameter Type TEF PCB 205 NonDioxin 119 126 349 PCB 206 NonDioxin 2,270 2,790 7,600 PCB 207 NonDioxin 228 289 524 PCB 208 NonDioxin 935 997 2,550 PCB 209 NonDioxin 2,170 1,950 8,740 PCB Nondioxin 600,025 641,357 1,669,923 Total PCB Congeners 627,617 675,582 1,737,051

GC-SD330-0.0-0.5 330 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 71.5 2,020 290 802 1,840 447,092 466,284

GC-SD333-0.0-0.5 333 6/18/2010 Conc TEQ 102 1,880 269 901 1,910 457,462 476,721

Page 48

Notes for Tables 2.1 through 2.12 Selection of Chemicals of Potential Concern Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Screening Toxicity Values from USEPA Regional Screening Level (RSL) Table, November 2010. sediment - screening toxicity value is residential RSL surface water - screening toxicity value is tap water RSL air - screening toxicity value is ambient air RSL fish - screening toxicity value is fish tissue RSL from EPA Region III Website Footnotes/Definitions ARAR/TBC = Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirement/ To Be Considered C = Carcinogenic COPC = Chemical of Potential Concern J = Estimated Value N = Noncarcinogenic N/A = Not available or not applicable NJ = Qualitative identification questionable due to poor resolution. Presumptively present at approximate quantity NRWQC = U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2009. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria for Human Health for Consumption of Organism only from EPA's National Recommended Water Quality Criteria, Office of Water, Office of Science and Technology, 2009. NYSDEC = New York State DEC, Chapter X, Division of Water, Part 703: Surface Water and Groundwater Quality Standards and Groundwater Effluent Limitations . Values correspond to classification of canal (SD) and classification of Bay (I) and are the standards for Health - fish consumption and recreation. Surrogates used for those Chemicals without a Screening Toxicity Value (RSL) 1,3-dichlorobenzene - used 1,2-dichlorobenzene as surrogate acenaphthylene - used acenaphthalene as surrogate benzo(g,h,i)perylene - used pyrene as surrogate chromoium - used hexavalent chromium dimethyl phthalate - calculated based on PPRTV toxicity value form PPRTV profile dated 9/25/2007 PCB dioxin - used 2,3,7,8-TCDD, however, did not use 2,3,7,8-TCDD RSL, but updated the RSL using the cancer slope factor for 2,3,7,8-TCDD from USEPA, 2005, Health Assessment Document for Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins, EPA 600/8-84-014F. PCB non-dioxin - used Total PCBs phenanthrene - used anthracene as surrogate

TABLE H-3.1 Exposed Sediment in Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Surface Sediment

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern


Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Aroclor 1248 Aroclor 1254 Aroclor 1260 PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
35700 29300 19700 21000 12500 18800 29300 2080 54500 12700 2060 61100 195 81.8 338 20.5 2520000 2610000 13800 13.1 6.20 78.7 8.95 264 31400 660 273 45.0

95 % UCL
Distribution 366000 127000 107000 113000 64600 33400 253000 6180 496000 48900 3410 529000 ----863 40.2 5230000 5390000 15900 18.0 9.62 93.5 12.9 352 40000 1870 314 50.1

Maximum Detected Value


460000 320000 200000 210000 120000 57000 320000 14000 630000 120000 9100 670000 2200 590 3400 111 14700000 15100000 18900 44.7 20.2 139 14.8 790 87000 4220 480 61.2

Exposure Point Concentration Value


366000 127000 107000 113000 64600 33400 253000 6180 496000 48900 3410 529000 2200 590 863 40.2 5230000 5390000 15900 18 9.62 93.5 12.9 352 40000 1870 314 50.1

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
99% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 99% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 99% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% KM (t) UCL 99% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL Max, detected in <3 samples Max, detected in <3 samples 95% KM (BCA) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% Modified-t UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

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TABLE H-3.2 Surface Water in Canal, Dry Weather - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Medium: Exposure Medium: Current/Future Surface Water Surface Water

Exposure Point
Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Arithmetic Mean
1.20 0.131 0.0863 0.216 2.51 0.0847 16.0 11.7 88.1 32.0

95 % UCL
Distribution 2.24 0.266 0.66 0.299 2.45 0.132 19.9 18.9 172 41.0

Maximum Detected Value


11.0 0.83 0.66 0.88 5.60 0.22 23.4 99.7 232 50.9

Exposure Point Concentration


Value
2.24 0.266 0.66 0.299 2.45 0.132 19.9 18.9 172 41

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Statistic
95% KM (BCA) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (BCA) 95% KM (t) 95% KM (% Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (% Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap)

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TABLE H-3.3 Surface Water in Canal, Wet Weather - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Point
Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Arithmetic Mean
0.431 0.563 0.423 0.451 16.5 0.0758 0.103 0.154 0.0742 0.309 0.136 14.9 6.72 4.96 13.0 29.3

95 % UCL
Distribution 0.59 0.835 0.559 0.868 24.4 0.104 0.205 0.189 0.101 0.50 0.364 16.6 8.53 --14.9 33.6

Maximum Detected Value


0.87 2.90 0.69 2.60 40.0 0.15 0.30 0.33 0.11 1.10 1.40 26.2 29.3 3.90 26.8 64.6

Exposure Point Concentration Value


0.59 0.835 0.559 0.868 24.4 0.104 0.205 0.189 0.101 0.5 0.364 16.6 8.53 3.9 14.9 33.6

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Statistic
95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (BCA) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% Student's-t 95% Modified-t Max, detected in <3 samples 95% Student's-t 95% Approximate Gamma

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.4 Ambient Air at Canal Level,Round 1 - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Point
Ambient air at canal level

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Arithmetic Mean
0.841 0.181 1.34 4.30 1.10

95 % UCL
Distribution 0.914 0.222 2.25 10.1 2.09

Maximum Detected Value


1.10 0.28 5.10 16.0 3.40

Exposure Point Concentration Value


0.914 0.222 2.25 10.1 2.09

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Statistic
95% Student's-t UCL 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) UCL 95% H-UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.5 Ambient Air at Canal Level, Round 2 - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Point
Ambient air at canal level

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Arithmetic Mean
1.38 0.174 1.40 6.76 1.30

95 % UCL
Distribution 1.94 0.205 2.12 17.3 2.19

Maximum Detected Value


3.80 0.24 4.40 28.0 2.60

Exposure Point Concentration Value


1.94 0.205 2.12 17.3 2.19

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Statistic
95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.6 Ambient Air at Street Level, Round 1 - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Point
Ambient air at Street Level

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Arithmetic Mean
0.948 0.18 0.894 0.533

95 % UCL
Distribution 1.26 0.245 1.09 1.39

Maximum Detected Value


2.30 0.39 1.70 1.30

Exposure Point Concentration Value


1.26 0.245 1.09 1.3

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Statistic
95% Modified-t UCL 95% KM (t) UCL 95% Student's-t UCL Max,UCL exceeds max detected concentration

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.7 Ambient Air at Street Level, Round 2 - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Point
Ambient air at Street Level

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Arithmetic Mean
0.982 0.206 0.956 1.19

95 % UCL
Distribution 1.11 0.331 1.24 3.02

Maximum Detected Value


1.40 0.45 1.80 4.40

Exposure Point Concentration Value


1.11 0.331 1.24 3.02

Units
ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3

Statistic
95% Student's-t UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% Approximate Gamma UCL 95% H-UCL

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.8 Striped Bass Filet from Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water/Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Point
Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


P,P'-DDE P,P'-DDT PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Arsenic Mercury Selenium

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
8.46 3.24 3.35 331000 354000 0.53 0.194 1.51

95 % UCL
Distribution -----------------

Maximum Detected Value


12.0 9.60 4.31 409000 435000 0.68 0.20 1.20

Exposure Point Concentration Value


12 9.6 4.31 409000 435000 0.68 0.2 1.2

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.9 White Perch Filet from Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water/Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Point
White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Mercury Selenium

Units
ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
4.77 370000 393000 0.175 1.55

95 % UCL
Distribution -----------

Maximum Detected Value


5.08 437000 462000 0.19 1.40

Exposure Point Concentration Value


5.08 437000 462000 0.19 1.4

Units
ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.10 Atlantic Eel Filet from Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water/Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Point
Eel in Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


Alpha-chlordane Dieldrin Gamma-chlordane P,P'-DDD P,P'-DDE P,P'-DDT PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Arsenic Chromium Copper Cyanide, Total Mercury Selenium

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
13.5 7.59 7.92 27.3 16.3 20.1 8.69 792000 862000 0.488 0.523 2.12 1.25 0.098 1.57

95 % UCL
Distribution -------------------------------

Maximum Detected Value


22.0 17.0 13.0 38.0 25.0 47.0 14.1 1220000 1350000 0.50 0.67 7.40 3.10 0.26 1.40

Exposure Point Concentration Value


22 17 13 38 25 47 14.1 1220000 1350000 0.5 0.67 7.4 3.1 0.26 1.4

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples Max, detected in <8 samples

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.11 Blue Crab Edible Tissue and Hepatopancreas from Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water/Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Point
Crab in Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Arsenic Copper Mercury

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
4.27 7.28 4.82 3.56 9.22 4.76 135000 157000 1.21 9.65 0.115

95 % UCL
Distribution 7.70 11.8 6.39 3.94 9.91 5.04 143000 166000 1.31 10.2 0.124

Maximum Detected Value


15.7 17.5 9.61 5.13 12.3 5.54 167000 194000 1.47 11.7 0.142

Exposure Point Concentration Value


7.7 11.8 6.39 3.94 9.91 5.04 143000 166000 1.31 10.2 0.124

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
95% KM (t) UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% KM (BCA) UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.12 All Surface Sediment in Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern


2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Aroclor 1248 Aroclor 1254 Aroclor 1260 PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
33700 41200 36500 18700 19400 10600 15600 35600 1780 51200 26400 10600 61600 60200 128 61.9 318 19.5 2710000 2810000 13200 12.1 6.30 76.0 9.13 226 29200 533 276

95 % UCL
Distribution 358000 309000 128000 73200 79200 41000 14600 127000 5460 180000 231000 31400 655000 387000 935 --657 45.3 6440000 6630000 14600 14.7 9.99 84.5 11.0 274 33600 1200 306

Maximum Detected Value


870000 580000 490000 200000 210000 120000 57000 490000 14000 630000 540000 120000 1600000 670000 2200 590 3400 111 14700000 15100000 18900 44.7 20.2 139 14.8 790 87000 4220 480

Exposure Point Concentration Value


358000 309000 128000 73200 79200 41000 14600 127000 5460 180000 231000 31400 655000 387000 935 590 657 45.3 6440000 6630000 14600 14.7 9.99 84.5 11 274 33600 1200 306

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
99% KM (Chebyshev) 99% KM (Chebyshev) 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (BCA) 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 99% KM (Chebyshev) 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 99% KM (Chebyshev) 99% KM (Chebyshev) 97.5% KM (Chebyshev) Max, detected in <3 samples 95% KM (t) 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) UCL 95% Student's-t 95% Modified-t 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 95% Modified-t 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% Modified-t 95% Modified-t 95% Chebyshev (Mean, Sd) 95% Student's-t PAGE 1 of 2

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

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TABLE H-3.12 All Surface Sediment in Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern


Vanadium

Units
mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
42.6

95 % UCL
Distribution 45.9

Maximum Detected Value


61.2

Exposure Point Concentration Value


45.9

Units
mg/kg

Statistic
95% Student's-t

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

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PAGE 2 of 2

TABLE H-3.13 Surface Water in Canal, Wet Weather - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Point
Canal Overflow Surface Water

Chemical of Potential Concern


1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Arithmetic Mean
0.431 0.563 0.423 0.451 16.5 0.0758 0.103 0.154 0.0742 0.309 0.136 14.9 6.72 4.96 13.0 29.3

95 % UCL
Distribution 0.59 0.835 0.559 0.868 24.4 0.104 0.205 0.189 0.101 0.50 0.364 16.6 8.53 --14.9 33.6

Maximum Detected Value


0.87 2.90 0.69 2.60 40.0 0.15 0.30 0.33 0.11 1.10 1.40 26.2 29.3 3.90 26.8 64.6

Exposure Point Concentration Value


0.59 0.835 0.559 0.868 24.4 0.104 0.205 0.189 0.101 0.5 0.364 16.6 8.53 3.9 14.9 33.6

Units
ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l ug/l

Statistic
95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (BCA) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% KM (Chebyshev) 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) 95% Student's-t 95% Modified-t Max, detected in <3 samples 95% Student's-t 95% Approximate Gamma

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE H-3.14 Blue Crab Edible Tissue from Canal - Exposure Point Concentration Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation Brooklyn, New York
Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water/Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Point
Crab in Gowanus Canal

Chemical of Potential Concern


Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene PCB Dioxin PCB Nondioxin Total PCB Congeners Arsenic Copper Mercury

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Arithmetic Mean
4.19 6.49 4.36 3.24 8.75 3.38 99800 115000 1.38 11.3 0.153

95 % UCL
Distribution 7.80 13.5 6.14 3.99 9.87 3.86 113000 131000 1.53 12.1 0.168

Maximum Detected Value


21.0 22.8 11.4 5.78 13.7 4.52 149000 171000 1.80 14.1 0.20

Exposure Point Concentration Value


7.8 13.5 6.14 3.99 9.87 3.86 113000 131000 1.53 12.1 0.168

Units
ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ug/kg ng/kg ng/kg ng/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

Statistic
95% KM (t) UCL 95% KM (Chebyshev) UCL 95% KM (BCA) UCL 95% KM (Percentile Bootstrap) UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL 95% Student's-t UCL

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PAGE 1 of 1

TABLE 4.1.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Recreational

Adult

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 50 26 24 0.000001 70 25,550 8,760

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1991, (1) (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 50 26 6 0.000001 57 25,550 2,190

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1991, (1) (2) (5) -EPA, 1997, (6) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child (1-6 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 100 26 6 0.000001 15 25,550 2,190

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1991, (1) (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Dermal

Recreational

Adult

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 6,925 0.3 chem specific 0.000001 26 24 70 25,550 8,760

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (8) EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Page 1 of 30

TABLE 4.1.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Recreational

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 10,470 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 26 6 57 25,550 2,190

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (7) EPA, 1997, (4) EPA, 2004 -(2) (5) EPA, 1997, (6) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Dermal

Recreational

Child (1-6 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 2,800 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 26 6 15 25,550 2,190

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Notes: (1) Assumed sediment ingestion rate is equal to 1/2 of the incidental soil ingestion rate. (2) Professional judgement, conservatively assumed recreational use of the canal would occur 1 day per week for one-half the year. (3) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet. (4) Average adherence factor for children in wet soil. (5) Professional Judgement assuming adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age. (6) Body weight is average of the mean values for boys and girls for the ages 12 through 18. (7) SA includes head, hands, arms, legs, and feet. (8) Average adherence factor for reed gatherers (from Exhibit 3-3 of EPA, 2004). Sources: EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 1997: Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. EPA, 2000: Supplemental Guidance to RAGS: Region 4 Bulletins, Human Health Risk Assessment Bulletins. www.epa.gov/region4/waste/oftecser/healtbul.htm. EPA, 2004: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 2 of 30

TABLE 4.2.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Recreational

Adult

Gowanus Canal

CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.05 2.6 26 24 0.001 70 25,550 8,760 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.05 2.6 26 6 0.001 57 25,550 2,190 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.05 2.6 26 6 0.001 15 25,550 2,190

g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days

Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) (4) -EPA, 1991, (5) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT
Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Gowanus Canal

Child

Gowanus Canal

Dermal

Recreational

Adult

Gowanus Canal

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l 2 mg/cm -event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 2.6 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 2004 18,000 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 26 days/year (3) 24 years EPA, 1991 70 kg EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 8,760 days 0.001 mg/g -3 l/cm 0.001 --

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Page 3 of 30

TABLE 4.2.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Recreational

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Gowanus Canal

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l 2 mg/cm -event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 2.6 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 1997, (6) 15,758 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 26 days/year (3) 6 years (4) 57 kg EPA, 1991, (5) EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 2,190 days 0.001 mg/g -3 l/cm 0.001 --

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Child

Gowanus Canal

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l mg/cm2-event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 2.6 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 2004 6,600 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 26 days/year (3) 6 years EPA, 1991 15 kg EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 2,190 days 0.001 mg/g -l/cm3 -0.001

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Notes: (1) Ingestion rate of surface water for swimming. (2) National average time spent swimming per swimming event. (3) Professional judgement, conservatively assumed recreational use of the canal would occur 1 day per week for one-half the year. (4) Professional Judgement assuming adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age. (5) Body weight is average of the mean values for boys and girls for the ages 12 through 18. (6) Average total body surface area of boys and girls from 12 to 18 years of age.

Page 4 of 30

TABLE 4.2.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Sources: EPA, 1989: EPA, 1991: EPA, 1997: EPA, 2004:

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 5 of 30

TABLE 4.3.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Inhalation

Recreational

Adult

Ambient air at canal level

Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-C AT-N Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-C AT-N Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-C AT-N Cair EF ED AT-C AT-N Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-N Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Tables 3.4.RME and 3.5.RME 2.6 26 24 1/24 25,550 8,760 Tables 3.4.RME and 3.5.RME 2.6 26 6 1/24 25,550 2,190 Tables 3.4.RME and 3.5.RME 2.6 26 6 1/24 25,550 2,190 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 250 25 25,550 9,125 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 350 24 1/24 8,760 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 350 6 1/24 2,190

mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days days mg/m3 days/year years days days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days

Tables 3.4.RME and Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = 3.5.RME EPA, 1989, (1) CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.4.RME and Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = 3.5.RME EPA, 1989, (1) CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT (2) (3) -EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.4.RME and 3.5.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1989, (1) CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x EF x ED x 1/AT EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Ambient air at canal level

Child

Ambient air at canal level

Industrial Worker

Adult

Ambient air at street level

Resident

Adult

Ambient air at street level

Child

Ambient air at street level

Page 6 of 30

TABLE 4.3.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Inhalation

Resident

Child/Adult

Ambient air at street level

Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Cancer)

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 350 30 1/24 25,550

mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989

Notes: (1) National average time spent swimming per swimming event. (2) Professional judgement, conservatively assumed recreational use of the canal would occur 1 day per week for one-half the year. (3) Professional Judgement assuming adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age. Sources: EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03.

Page 7 of 30

Table 4.4.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water / Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference
Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Angler

Adult

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

26 fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 24 0.001 70 25,550 8,760 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME 17 fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 6 0.001 57 25,550 2,190 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME 9 fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 6 0.001 15 25,550 2,190

EPA, 1997, (1) EPA, 2000 Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME (2) EPA, 2000 Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME (3) EPA, 2000 Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) Connelly, 1992, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Child

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)
Page 8 of 30

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Table 4.4.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water / Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code CFish IR-Fish EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference Table 3.11.RME Burger, 2002 EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Table 3.11.RME (2) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Table 3.11.RME (3) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Intake Equation/ Model Name Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Ingestion

Angler

Adult

Blue Crab

Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.11.RME 23 365 24 0.001 70 25,550 8,760 Table 3.11.RME 15 365 6 0.001 57 25,550 2,190 Table 3.11.RME 8 365 6 0.001 15 25,550 2,190

mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg days days mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg days days mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg days days

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Blue Crab

CFish IR-Fish EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child

Blue Crab

CFish IR-Fish EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Notes: (1) 95th percentile recreational freshwater anglers fish ingestion rate. (2) Ingestion rate assumed to be 2/3 the adult ingestion rate. (3) There are no recreational fish ingestion values or crab ingestion values for children. Therefore, ingestion rate assumed to be 1/3 the adult ingestion rate. (4) Bottom feeders percent consumption (44%) used to for eel, intermediate level percent consumption (47%) used for striped bass, and remaining percent (4%) used for white perch. Sources: Connelly, Nancy A., Barbara A. Knuth, and Carole A. Bisogni, 1992. Effects of the Health Advisory and Advisory Changes on Fishing Habits and Fish Consumption in New York Sport Fisheries. Report for New York Sea Grant Institute Project No. R/FHD-2=PD. September. Burger, 2002: Consumption Patterns and Why People Fish. Environmental Research Section A 90, 125-135. EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 1997: Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc.

Page 9 of 30

TABLE 4.5.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Industrial Worker

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 100 9 25 0.000001 70 25,550 9,125

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2002, (1) CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Residential

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 100 9 24 0.000001 70 8,760

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2002, (1) CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 200 9 6 0.000001 15 2,190

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2002, (1) CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Page 10 of 30

TABLE 4.5.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Residential

Child/Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed IR-Sedc IR-Seda EF EDc EDa CF BWc BWa AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment-adjusted Ingestion Rate of Sediment, child Ingestion Rate of Sediment, adult Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration , child Exposure Duration, adult Conversion Factor Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 114.3 200 100 9 6 24 0.000001 15 70 25,550

mg/kg mg-year/kg-day mg/day mg/day days/year years years kg/mg kg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = calculated CSed x IR-Sed x EF x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1991, (1) EPA, 1991, (1) (2) IR-Sed = (EDc x IR-Sedc/ BWc) + EPA, 1991 (EDa x IR-Seda/BWa) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Dermal

Industrial Worker

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 3,300 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 9 25 70 25,550 9,125

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.12.RME CDI (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2004, (3) CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x EPA, 2004, (5) ED x 1/BW x 1/AT EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Residential

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 5,700 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 9 24 70 8,760

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days

Table 3.12.RME CDI (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2004, (3) CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x EPA, 2004, (4) ED x 1/BW x 1/AT EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Page 11 of 30

TABLE 4.5.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Residential

Child

areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 2,800 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 9 6 15 2,190

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days

Table 3.12.RME CDI (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2004, (3) CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x EPA, 2004, (4) ED x 1/BW x 1/AT EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child/Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed SAc SSAF EDc BWc SAa EDa BWa SA DABS CF EF AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, child Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Exposure Duration, child Body Weight, child Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, adult Exposure Duration , adult Body Weight ,adult Skin Surface Area adjusted Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Averaging Time (Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 2,800 0.2 6 15 5,700 24 70 615 chem specific 0.000001 9 25,550

mg/kg cm
2

Table 3.12.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 calculated EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x DABS x CF x EF x 1/AT SA = ((EDc x SAc/BWc) x SSAF) + ((EDa x SAa/BWa) x SSAF)

mg/cm2-day years kg cm
2

years kg cm2-year/kg-day -kg/mg days/year days

Notes: (1) Assumed sediment ingestion rate is equal to the incidental soil ingestion rate. (2) Professional judgement, conservatively assumes canal overflows 3 times a year, and remains on surface 3 days per each overflow event. (3) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet (for child only) for residents and head, hands, and forearms for industrial worker. (4) Average adherence factor for children in wet soil. (5) Adherence factor for adult industrial worker from Exhibit 3-5 of EPA, 2004. Sources: EPA, 1989: EPA, 1991: EPA, 2002: EPA, 2004:

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. Supplemental Guidance for Developing Soil Screening Levels for Superfund Sites. OSWER 9355.4-24. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 12 of 30

TABLE 4.6.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Industrial Worker

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

Resident

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-N CSW IR-SW-Adj IR-SWc IR-Swa ET EF EDc EDa CF1 BWc BWa AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, age-adjusted Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, child Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, adult Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration, chiild Exposure Duration, adult Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer)

Table 3.13.RME 0.05 8 9 25 0.001 70 25,550 8,760 Table 3.13.RME 0.05 2.6 9 24 0.001 70 8,760 Table 3.13.RME 0.05 2.6 9 6 0.001 15 2,190 Table 3.13.RME 0.037 0.05 0.05 2.6 9 6 24 0.001 15 70 25,550

g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days g/l l-year/kg-hour l/hour l/hour hr/day days/year years years mg/g kg kg days

Table 3.13.RME EPA, 1989, (1) (2) (5) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Table 3.13.RME EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (3) (5) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 Table 3.13.RME EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (3) (5) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (3) (5) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child/Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW-adj x ET x EF x CF1 x 1/AT

IR-W-Adj (liter-year/kg-hour) = (EDc x IR-SWc/BWc) + (EDa x IR-SWa/BWa)

Page 13 of 30

TABLE 4.6.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Industrial Worker

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME calculated chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific 8 5,700 1 9 25 70 25,550 9,125 0.001 0.001

g/l mg/cm2-event dimensionless cm/hr hr/event hours dimensionless hr/day cm2 events/day days/year years kg days days mg/g l/cm3

Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 (2) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 (5) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Residential

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME calculated chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific 2.6 5,700 1 9 24 70 8,760 0.001 0.001

g/l mg/cm2-event dimensionless cm/hr hr/event hours dimensionless hr/day cm2 events/day days/year years kg days mg/g l/cm3

Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 (5) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x

Page 14 of 30

TABLE 4.6.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Residential

Child

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME calculated chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific 2.6 2,800 1 9 6 15 2,190 0.001 0.001

g/l mg/cm2-event dimensionless cm/hr hr/event hours dimensionless hr/day cm2 events/day days/year years kg days mg/g l/cm3

Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 (5) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x

Dermal

Residential

Child/Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DA-Adj DAevent-A DAevent-C FA Kp t* B tevent SAc SAa EV EF EDc EDa BWc BWa AT-C CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose, Age-adjusted Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event, adult Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event, adult Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, child Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, adult Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration, child Exposure Duration, adult Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME g/l calculated mg-year/event-kg mg/cm2-event calculated mg/cm2-event calculated chemical specific dimensionless chemical specific cm/hr chemical specific hr/event chemical specific hours chemical specific dimensionless 2.6 hr/day cm2 2,800 cm2 5,700 1 events/day 9 days/year 6 years 24 years 15 kg 70 kg 25,550 days 0.001 mg/g l/cm3 0.001

Table 3.13.RME calculated calculated calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 (5) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DA-Adj x EF x 1/AT DA-Adj = (DAevent-A x SAa x EDa x 1/BWa) + (DAevent-C x SAc x EDc x 1/BWc)
Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Notes: (1) Assumed ingestion rate for canal overflow water would be 1/2 of mean water ingestion rate for adults for exposure scenarios involving swimming activities. (2) Professional judgement, conservatively assumes industrial receptors will contact overflow ponded surface water 8 hours per day. (3) Professional judgement, conservatively assumes residential receptor will contact overflow surface water for the same exposure time as the national average time spent swimming per swimming event. (4) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet (for child only). (5) Professional judgement, conservatively assumes canal overflows 3 times a year, and remains on surface 3 days per each overflow event.

Page 15 of 30

TABLE 4.6.RME VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Sources: EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 2004: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 16 of 30

TABLE 4.1.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Recreational

Adult

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 25 13 3 0.000001 70 25,550 1,095

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1997, (1) (2) EPA, 1997 (7) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 25 13 3 0.000001 57 25,550 1,095

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1997, (1) (2) EPA, 1997 (7) -EPA, 1997, (5) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child (1-6 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 50 13 3 0.000001 15 25,550 1,095

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 1997, (1) (2) EPA, 1997 (7) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT

Dermal

Recreational

Adult

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 6,925 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 13 3 70 25,550 1,095

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1997 (7) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Page 17 of 30

TABLE 4.1.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Recreational

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 10,470 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 13 3 57 25,550 1,095

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (6) EPA, 1997, (4) EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1997 (7) EPA, 1997, (5) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Dermal

Recreational

Child (1-6 years)

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.1.RME 2,800 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 13 3 15 25,550 1,095

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days days

Table 3.1.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1997 (7) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT

Notes: (1) Assumed CTE sediment ingestion rate is equal to 1/2 of the RME sediment ingestion rate, or 1/2 of the CTE incidental soil ingestion rate. (2) Professional judgement, assuming 1/2 the RME value, or recreational use of the canal 1 day per week for one-quarter of the year. (3) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet. (4) Average adherence factor for children in wet soil. (5) Body weight is average of the mean values for boys and girls for the ages 12 through 18. (6) SA includes head, hands, arms, legs, and feet. (7) Based on 9 years, the 50th percentile of time at a single residence, divided into three years for each receptor age range. Sources: EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 1997: Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. EPA, 2000: Supplemental Guidance to RAGS: Region 4 Bulletins, Human Health Risk Assessment Bulletins. www.epa.gov/region4/waste/oftecser/healtbul.htm. EPA, 2004: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 18 of 30

TABLE 4.2.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Recreational

Adult

Gowanus Canal

CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-C AT-N CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2
Page 19 of 30

Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.025 1.3 13 3 0.001 70 25,550 8,760 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.025 1.3 13 3 0.001 57 25,550 1,095 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME 0.025 1.3 13 3 0.001 15 25,550 1,095

g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days days

Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) EPA, 1997 (4) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) EPA, 1997 (4) -EPA, 1991, (5) EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.2.RME and 3.3.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA,1989, (1) CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x EPA, 1989, (2) 1/BW x 1/AT (3) EPA, 1997 (4) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT
Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Gowanus Canal

Child

Gowanus Canal

Dermal

Recreational

Adult

Gowanus Canal

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l 2 mg/cm -event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 1.3 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 2004 18,000 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 13 days/year (3) 3 years EPA, 1997 (4) 70 kg EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 1,095 days 0.001 mg/g -l/cm3 -0.001

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

TABLE 4.2.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Recreational

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Gowanus Canal

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l 2 mg/cm -event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 1.3 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 1997, (6) 15,758 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 13 days/year (3) 3 years EPA, 1997 (4) 57 kg EPA, 1991, (5) EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 1,095 days 0.001 mg/g -3 l/cm 0.001 --

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Child

Gowanus Canal

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-C AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Tables 3.2.RME Tables 3.2.RME and and 3.3.RME 3.3.RME g/l mg/cm2-event calculated calculated EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless EPA, 2004 chemical specific cm/hr EPA, 2004 chemical specific hr/event EPA, 2004 chemical specific hours EPA, 2004 chemical specific dimensionless 1.3 hr/day EPA, 1989, (2) 2 cm EPA, 2004 6,600 EPA, 2004 1 events/day 13 days/year (3) 3 years EPA, 1997 (4) 15 kg EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 25,550 days EPA, 1989 1,095 days 0.001 mg/g -l/cm3 -0.001

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Notes: (1) Professional judgement, assuming 1/2 the RME value, or 1/2 the ingestion rate of surface water for swimming. (2) 1/2 the RME value, equal to 1/2 the national average time spent swimming per swimming event. (3) Professional judgement, assuming 1/2 the RME value, or recreational use of the canal 1 day per week for one-quarter of the year. (4) Based on 9 years, the 50th percentile of time at a single residence, divided into three years for each receptor age range. (5) Body weight is average of the mean values for boys and girls for the ages 12 through 18. (6) Average total body surface area of boys and girls from 12 to 18 years of age.

Page 20 of 30

TABLE 4.2.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Sources: EPA, 1989: EPA, 1991: EPA, 1997: EPA, 2004:

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 21 of 30

TABLE 4.3.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Air Exposure Medium: Air

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Inhalation

Resident

Adult

Ambient air at street level

Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-N Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 234 3 1/24 1,095

mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days mg/m3 hr/day days/year years day/hr days

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1993 EPA, 2004 -EPA, 1989

Child

Ambient air at street level

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 234 6 1/24 2,190 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME 24 234 9 1/24 25,550

Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1993 EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1989 Tables 3.6.RME and 3.7.RME Exposure Concentration (EC) (mg/m3) = EPA, 1991 CA x ET x EF x ED x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1993 EPA, 2004 -EPA, 1989

Child/Adult

Ambient air at street level

Cair ET EF ED CF1 AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Air Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Averaging Time (Cancer)

Notes: (1) Professional judgement, assuming 1/2 the RME value, or 1/2 the ingestion rate of surface water for swimming. (2) Professional judgement, conservatively assumed recreational use of the canal would occur 1 day per week for one-half the year. (3) Professional Judgement assuming adolescents from 12 to 18 years of age. Sources: EPA, 1989: EPA, 1991: EPA, 1993: EPA, 2004:

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. Superfund's Standard Default Exposure Factors for the Central Tendency and Reasonable Maximum Exposure. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 22 of 30

Table 4.4.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water / Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Angler

Adult

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish PCF FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Preparation/cooking loss factor Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME 8 chem specific fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 3 0.001 70 25,550 1,095 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME 5.3 chem specific fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 3 0.001 57 25,550 1,095 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME 2.7 chem specific fish specific 0.47 0.09 0.44 365 3 0.001 15 25,550 1,095

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME EPA, 1997, (1) EPA, 2000 EPA, 2000 NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME (2) EPA, 2000 EPA, 2000 NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Tables 3.8.RME, 3.9.RME, and 3.10.RME (3) EPA, 2000 EPA, 2000 NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) NYS, 1991, (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish PCF FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Preparation/cooking loss factor Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Child

Striped Bass White Perch Eel

CFish IR-Fish PCF FI

Chemical Concentration in Fish Ingestion of Fish Preparation/cooking loss factor Fraction Ingested Striped Bass White Perch Eel Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

mg/kg g/day unitless unitless unitless unitless days/year years kg/g kg days days

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x FI x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Page 23 of 30

Table 4.4.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water / Sediment Exposure Medium: Fish and Crab Tissue

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Angler

Adult

Blue Crab

CFish IR-Fish PCF EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Preparation/cooking loss factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Preparation/cooking loss factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 3 Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Crab Ingestion of Crab Preparation/cooking loss factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Cancer) Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.11.RME 16 chem specific 365 3 0.001 70 25,550 1,095 Table 3.11.RME 10.7 chem specific 365 3 0.001 57 25,550 1,095 Table 3.11.RME 5.3 chem specific 365 3 0.001 15 25,550 1,095

mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg days days mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg/g days days mg/kg g/day days/year years kg/g kg days days

Table 3.11.RME Burger, 2002 EPA, 2000 EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Table 3.11.RME (2) EPA, 2000 EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989 Table 3.11.RME (3) EPA, 2000 EPA, 1997 EPA, 1997 (6) -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Adolescent (12-18 years)

Blue Crab

CFish IR-Fish PCF EF ED CF3 BW AT-C AT-N

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child

Blue Crab

CFish IR-Fish PCF EF ED CF BW AT-C AT-N

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CFish x IR-Fish x PCF x EF x ED x CF3 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Notes: (1) Mean recreational freshwater anglers fish ingestion rate. (2) Ingestion rate assumed to be 2/3 the adult ingestion rate. (3) There are no recreational fish ingestion values or crab ingestion values for children. Therefore, ingestion rate assumed to be 1/3 the adult ingestion rate. (4) Bottom feeders percent consumption (44%) used to for eel, intermediate level percent consumption (47%) used for striped bass, and remaining percent (4%) used for white perch. (5) Average yearly crab ingestion rate. (6) Based on 9 years, the 50th percentile of time at a single residence, divided into three years for each receptor age range. Sources: Burger, 2002: Consumption Patterns and Why People Fish. Environmental Research Section A 90, 125-135. EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 1997: Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. NYS, 1991: New York State Angler reported fish consumpiton preferences.

Page 24 of 30

TABLE 4.5.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Residential

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 50 4.5 3 0.000001 70 1,095

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 1997, (1) CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1997 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed EF ED CF BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 100 4.5 6 0.000001 15 2,190

mg/kg mg/day days/year years kg/mg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 1997, (1) CSed x IR-Sed x EF x ED x CF x 1/BW x 1/AT (2) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child/Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed IR-Sed IR-Sedc IR-Seda EF EDc EDa CF BWc BWa AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Ingestion Rate of Sediment-adjusted Ingestion Rate of Sediment, child Ingestion Rate of Sediment, adult Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration , child Exposure Duration, adult Conversion Factor Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 42.1 100 50 4.5 6 3 0.000001 15 70 25,550

mg/kg mg-year/kg-day mg/day mg/day days/year years years kg/mg kg kg days

Table 3.12.RME Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = calculated CSed x IR-Sed x EF x CF x 1/AT EPA, 1991, (1) EPA, 1991, (1) (2) IR-Sed = (EDc x IR-Sedc/ BWc) + EPA, 1991 (EDa x IR-Seda/BWa) EPA, 1997 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Page 25 of 30

TABLE 4.5.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Residential

Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 5,700 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 4.5 3 70 1,095

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days

Table 3.12.RME CDI (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2004, (3) CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x EPA, 2004, (4) ED x 1/BW x 1/AT EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child

areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal

CSed SA SSAF DABS CF EF ED BW AT-N

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer)

Table 3.12.RME 2,800 0.2 chem specific 0.000001 4.5 6 15 2,190

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day -kg/mg days/year years kg days

Table 3.12.RME CDI (mg/kg-day) = EPA, 2004, (3) CSed x SA x SSAF x DABS x CF x EF x EPA, 2004, (4) ED x 1/BW x 1/AT EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Child/Adult

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

CSed SAc SSAF EDc BWc SAa EDa BWa SA DABS CF EF AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Sediment Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, child Soil to Skin Adherence Factor Exposure Duration, child Body Weight, child Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, adult Exposure Duration , adult Body Weight ,adult Skin Surface Area adjusted Dermal Absorption Factor Solids Conversion Factor Exposure Frequency Averaging Time (Cancer)
Page 26 of 30

Table 3.12.RME 2,800 0.2 6 15 5,700 3 70 273 chem specific 0.000001 4.5 25,550

mg/kg cm2 mg/cm2-day years kg cm2 years kg cm2-year/kg-day -kg/mg days/year days

Table 3.12.RME EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (4) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 calculated EPA, 2004 -(2) EPA, 1989

CDI (mg/kg-day) = CSed x SA x DABS x CF x EF x 1/AT SA = ((EDc x SAc/BWc) x SSAF) + ((EDa x SAa/BWa) x SSAF)

TABLE 4.5.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Sediment Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Sediment

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Notes: (1) Assumed CTE sediment ingestion rate is equal to the CTE incidental soil ingestion rate. (2) Professional judgement, assumed equal to 1/2 RME value. (3) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet (for child only). (4) Average adherence factor for children in wet soil. Sources: EPA, 1989: EPA, 1991: EPA, 1997: EPA, 2004:

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/ 600/P-95/Fa, Fb, and Fc. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 27 of 30

TABLE 4.6.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Ingestion

Resident

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-N CSW IR-SW ET EF ED CF1 BW AT-N CSW IR-SW-Adj IR-SWc IR-Swa ET EF EDc EDa CF1 BWc BWa AT-C

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, age-adjusted Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, child Ingestion Rate of Surface Water, adult Exposure Time Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration, chiild Exposure Duration, adult Conversion Factor 1 Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer)

Table 3.13.RME 0.025 1.3 4.5 3 0.001 70 8,760 Table 3.13.RME 0.025 1.3 4.5 6 0.001 15 2,190 Table 3.13.RME 0.011 0.025 0.025 1.3 4.5 6 3 0.001 15 70 25,550

g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days g/l l/hour hr/day days/year years mg/g kg days g/l l-year/kg-hour l/hour l/hour hr/day days/year years years mg/g kg kg days

Table 3.13.RME EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (2) (4) EPA, 1997 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 Table 3.13.RME EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (2) (4) EPA, 1991 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (1) EPA, 1989, (2) (4) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1997 -EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW x ET x EF x ED x CF1 x 1/BW x 1/AT

Child/Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

Chronic Daily Intake (CDI) (mg/kg-day) = CSW x IR-SW-adj x ET x EF x CF1 x 1/AT

IR-W-Adj (liter-year/kg-hour) = (EDc x IR-SWc/BWc) + (EDa x IR-SWa/BWa)

Page 28 of 30

TABLE 4.6.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Residential

Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME calculated chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific 1.3 5,700 1 4.5 3 70 1,095 0.001 0.001

g/l mg/cm2-event dimensionless cm/hr hr/event hours dimensionless hr/day cm2 events/day days/year years kg days mg/g l/cm3

Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (2) EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004 (4) EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x

Child

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DAevent FA Kp t* B tevent SA EV EF ED BW AT-N CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration Body Weight Averaging Time (Non-Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME calculated chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific chemical specific 1.3 2,800 1 4.5 6 15 2,190 0.001 0.001

g/l mg/cm2-event dimensionless cm/hr hr/event hours dimensionless hr/day cm2 events/day days/year years kg days mg/g l/cm3

Table 3.13.RME calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (2) EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004 (4) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DAevent x SA x EV x EF x ED x 1/BW x 1/AT


Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x

Page 29 of 30

TABLE 4.6.CTE VALUES USED FOR DAILY INTAKE CALCULATIONS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Medium: Surface Water Exposure Medium: Overflow Surface Water

Exposure Route

Receptor Population

Receptor Age

Exposure Point

Parameter Code

Parameter Definition

Value

Units

Rationale/ Reference

Intake Equation/ Model Name

Dermal

Residential

Child/Adult

Canal Overflow - Surface Water

CSW DA-Adj DAevent-A DAevent-C FA Kp t* B tevent SAc SAa EV EF EDc EDa BWc BWa AT-C CF1 CF2

Chemical Concentration in Surface Water Dermally Absorbed Dose, Age-adjusted Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event, adult Dermally Absorbed Dose per Event, adult Fraction absorbed water Permeability Coefficient Lag Time Time to Reach Steady-state Epidermis Event Time Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, child Skin Surface Area Available for Contact, adult Event Frequency Exposure Frequency Exposure Duration, child Exposure Duration, adult Body Weight, child Body Weight, adult Averaging Time (Cancer) Conversion Factor 1 Conversion Factor 2

Table 3.13.RME g/l calculated mg-year/event-kg mg/cm2-event calculated mg/cm2-event calculated chemical specific dimensionless chemical specific cm/hr chemical specific hr/event chemical specific hours chemical specific dimensionless 1.3 hr/day cm2 2,800 cm2 5,700 1 events/day 4.5 days/year 6 years 3 years 15 kg 70 kg 25,550 days 0.001 mg/g l/cm3 0.001

Table 3.13.RME calculated calculated calculated EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 2004 EPA, 1989, (2) EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004, (3) EPA, 2004 (4) EPA, 1991 EPA, 1997 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1991 EPA, 1989 ---

CDI (mg/kg-day) = DA-Adj x EF x 1/AT DA-Adj = (DAevent-A x SAa x EDa x 1/BWa) + (DAevent-C x SAc x EDc x 1/BWc)
Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x CF1 x CF2

Organics : tevent<t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x x tevent)/)) x CF1 x CF2


tevent>t*: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x x ((1 + 3B + 3B2)/(1+B)2)) x CF1 x CF2

Notes: (1) Professional judgement, assuming 1/2 the RME value, or 1/2 the ingestion rate of surface water for swimming. (2) 1/2 the RME value, equal to 1/2 the national average time spent swimming per swimming event. (3) SA includes head, hands, forearms, lower legs, and feet (for child only). (4) Professional judgement, assumed equal to 1/2 RME value. Sources: EPA, 1989: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. OERR. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA, 1991: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual - Supplemental Guidance, Standard Default Exposure Factors. Interim Final. OSWER Directive 9285.6-03. EPA, 2004: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Vol.1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Final. EPA/540/R/99/005.

Page 30 of 30

TABLE 5.1 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Chronic/ Subchronic

Oral RfD Value

Oral RfD Units

Oral to Dermal

Adjusted Dermal RfD (2)

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Factors

Sources of RfD:

Dates of RfD: Target Organ (4) (MM/DD/YY)

Adjustment Factor (1)

Uncertainty/Modifying Target Organ (3)

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Benzene

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

7.0E-02 NA 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 5.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 2.0E-01 4.0E-01 4.0E-03 4.0E-03 6.0E-02 6.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-01 4.0E-02 4.0E-01

mg/kg-day

100%

7.0E-02 NA

mg/kg-day

Liver

100

ATSDR

8/2006

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

100% 100% 100% NA 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 1.0E+02 100% 100%

4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 5.0E-02 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 2.0E-01 4.0E-01 4.0E-03 4.0E-03 6.0E-02 6.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Blood, Immune Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver Liver, Kidney Liver, Kidney Liver Liver Body Weight, Mortality Body Weight Lung Lung Liver Liver

300/1 100 100/1 1000 1000/1 1000 1000/1 100 1000/1 1000 1000/1 1000/1 3000/1 300

IRIS PPRTV IRIS HEAST IRIS PPRTV IRIS HEAST IRIS PPRTV IRIS PPRTV IRIS HEAST

11/23/2010 9/29/2009 11/23/2010 7/1997 11/29/2010 9/10/2009 11/23/2010 7/1997 11/29/2010 9/30/2009 11/23/2010 9/18/2007 11/23/2010 7/1997

Chloroform

Chronic Subchronic

Ethylbenzene

Chronic Subchronic

Tetrachloroethene

Chronic Subchronic

Xylene, total

Chronic Subchronic

2-Methylnaphthalene

Chronic Subchronic

Acenaphthene

Chronic Subchronic

Benzo(a)anthracene

Chronic Subchronic

Benzo(a)pyrene

Chronic Subchronic

Benzo(b)fluoranthene

Chronic Subchronic

Benzo(k)fluoranthene

Chronic Subchronic

bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

100%

2.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

Increased Liver Weight

1000/1

IRIS

11/29/2010

Chrysene

Chronic Subchronic

Dibenz(a,h)anthracene

Chronic Subchronic

Fluoranthene

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

100% 100% 100% 100%

4.0E-02 4.0E-01 4.0E-02 4.0E-01

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Kidney, Liver, Blood Kidney, Liver, Blood Blood Blood

3000/1 300 3000/1 300

IRIS HEAST IRIS HEAST

11/23/2010 7/1997 11/23/2010 7/1997

Fluorene

Chronic Subchronic

TABLE 5.1 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene

Chronic/ Subchronic

Oral RfD Value

Oral RfD Units

Oral to Dermal

Adjusted Dermal RfD (2) NA NA

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Factors

Sources of RfD:

Dates of RfD: Target Organ (4) (MM/DD/YY)

Adjustment Factor (1)

Uncertainty/Modifying Target Organ (3)

Chronic Subchronic

NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-02 3.0E-01 5.0E-04 6.0E-05 5.0E-05 5.0E-05 NA NA NA NA 5.0E-04 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 NA NA NA 1.0E-09 NA 1.0E+00 NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 NA 5.0E-04 NA 1.5E+00 NA mg/kg-day 1.3% mg/kg-day 5% mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 100% 100% 3% mg/kg-day 100% mg/kg-day 100% mg/kg-day 100% mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 100% 100% mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% mg/kg-day 100%

Naphthalene

Chronic Subchronic

2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-02 3.0E-01 5.0E-04 6.0E-05 5.0E-05 5.0E-05 NA NA NA NA 5.0E-04 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 NA NA NA 1.0E-09 NA 1.0E+00 NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 NA 2.5E-05 NA 2.0E-02 N/A

mg/kg-day

Decreased Body Weight

3000/1

IRIS

11/23/2010

Pyrene

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Kidney Kidney Liver Liver Liver Liver

3000/1 300 300/1 1000 100/1 100

IRIS PPRTV IRIS HEAST IRIS HEAST

11/23/2010 9/5/2007 1/12/2011 7/1997 1/12/2011 7/1997

Chlordane

Chronic Subchronic

Dieldrin

Chronic Subchronic

p,p'-DDD

Chronic Subchronic

p,p'-DDE

Chronic Subchronic

p,p'-DDT

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Liver Liver

100/1 100

IRIS HEAST

1/12/2011 7/1997

Aroclor 1248

Chronic Subchronic

Aroclor 12545

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails

300/1

IRIS

11/29/2010

Aroclor 1260 2,3,7,8-TCDD

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

Immune System

NA

ATSDR

12/1998

Aluminum

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

Neurological

100

PPRTV

10/23/2006

Arsenic Cadmium (diet)

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Skin, Vascular Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney)

3/1 3 10/1

IRIS HEAST IRIS

11/23/2010 7/1997 11/23/2010

Cadmium (water)

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

Proteinuria (Kidney)

10/1

IRIS

11/23/2010

Chromium (III)

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

Not identified

100/10

IRIS

11/23/2010

TABLE 5.1 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Chromium (VI)

Chronic/ Subchronic

Oral RfD Value

Oral RfD Units

Oral to Dermal

Adjusted Dermal RfD (2) 7.5E-05 5.0E-04 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 NA

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Factors 300/3 100 3000 300 N/A

Sources of RfD:

Dates of RfD: Target Organ (4) (MM/DD/YY)

Adjustment Factor (1)

Uncertainty/Modifying Target Organ (3)

Chronic Subchronic

3.0E-03 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 2.0E-02 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.4E-01 NA 2.4E-02 NA 1.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 5.0E-03 5.0E-03 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.5% 2.5% 100% 100% 100%

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Not identified Not identified Thyroid Thyroid Gastrointestinal

IRIS HEAST PPRTV PPRTV HEAST

11/23/2010 7/1997 8/25/2008 8/25/2008 7/1997

Cobalt

Chronic Subchronic

Copper

Chronic Subchronic

Cyanide

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

2.0E-02 2.0E-02 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg-day

Weight Loss, Thyroid Whole Body, Thyroid, Nerve Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS

100/5 500 1 1 1/1

IRIS HEAST PPRTV PPRTV IRIS

1/12/2011 7/1997 7/29/2005 7/29/2005 11/23/2010

Iron

Chronic Subchronic

Manganese (diet)

Chronic Subchronic

Manganese (water)

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day

4%

9.6E-04 NA

mg/kg-day

CNS Developmental Neurological Developmental Neurological Whole Body Whole Body Hair

1/1

IRIS

11/23/2010

Methylmercury

Chronic Subchronic

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

1.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 5.0E-03 5.0E-03 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

10/1 10 3/1 3 100/1

IRIS HEAST IRIS HEAST RSL

1/12/2011 7/1997 11/23/2010 7/1997 5/25/2010

Selenium Vanadium

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

NA = Not Applicable or Not Available. (1) Source: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment (Final). Section 4.2 and Exhibit 4-1. USEPA recommends that the oral RfD should not be adjusted to estimate the absorbed dose for compounds when the absorption efficiency is greater than 50%. Constituents with oral absorption efficiencies greater than 50%, or without reported oral absorption efficiencies, are shown with an oral absorption efficiency of 100%. (2) Adjusted Dermal RfD = RfD (oral) x Oral to Dermal Adjustment Factor (3) ATSDR = Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry HEAST = Health Effects Summary Tables IRIS = Integrated Risk Information System PPRTV = Provisional Peer Reviewed Toxicity Value, Superfund Health Technical Support Center RSL = Regional Screening Level Table (4) For ATSDR values, the date of the ATSDR toxicity profile For HEAST values, date of HEAST document. For IRIS values, the date IRIS was searched. For PPRTV values, date of the PPRTV document. For RSL values, date of RSL Table. (5) Aroclor-1254 toxicity values also used for total PCBs.

TABLE 5.2 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Chronic/ Subchronic

Value Inhalation RfC

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Uncertainty/Modifying Factors

Sources of RfC:RfD: Target Organ (1)

Dates (2) (MM/DD/YY)

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethene Xylene, total 2-Methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

8.0E-01 7.1E-01 3.0E-02 8.0E-02 9.8E-02 NA 1.0E+00 9.0E+00 2.7E-01 NA 1.0E-01 4.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

Liver Liver Blood Blood Liver Developmental Ear Neurological Impaired motor coordination Neurological

100/1 30 300/1 100 100 300/1 100 100 300/1 100

IRIS HEAST IRIS PPRTV ATSDR IRIS PPRTV ATSDR IRIS PPRTV

11/23/2010 7/1997 11/23/2010 9/29/2009 9/1997 11/29/2010 9/10/2009 9/1997 11/29/2010 9/30/2009

TABLE 5.2 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Chlordane Dieldrin p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Aroclor 1248 Aroclor 1254 3

Chronic/ Subchronic

Value Inhalation RfC

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Uncertainty/Modifying Factors

Sources of RfC:RfD: Target Organ (1)

Dates (2) (MM/DD/YY)

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0E-03 NA NA NA 7.0E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA mg/m3 Liver 1000/1 IRIS 1/2011 mg/m3 Nasal, Respiratory 3000/1 IRIS 11/23/2010

TABLE 5.2 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Aroclor 1260 3 2,3,7,8-TCDD3 Aluminum

Chronic/ Subchronic

Value Inhalation RfC

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Uncertainty/Modifying Factors

Sources of RfC:RfD: Target Organ (1)

Dates (2) (MM/DD/YY)

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

NA NA 4.0E-08 NA 5.0E-03 NA Developmental, Cardiovascular, Nervous System Kidney mg/m3 Neurological 300 PPRTV 10/23/2006 mg/m3 NA NA CalEPA 11/23/2010

Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (III) Chromium (VI) Cobalt Copper Cyanide Iron Manganese Methylmercury

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

1.5E-05 NA 1.0E-05 NA NA NA 1.0E-04 NA 6.0E-06 2.0E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.0E-05 NA NA

mg/m

3/1 3/3

CalEPA ATSDR

11/23/2010 9/2008

mg/m3

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

Respiratory System Respiratory System Respiratory System

300/1 300 100

IRIS PPRTV PPRTV

11/23/2010 8/25/2008 8/25/2008

mg/m3

CNS

1000/1

IRIS

11/23/2010

TABLE 5.2 NON-CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Selenium Vanadium

Chronic/ Subchronic

Value Inhalation RfC

Units

Primary Target Organ

Combined Uncertainty/Modifying Factors 30/1

Sources of RfC:RfD: Target Organ (1) CalEPA

Dates (2) (MM/DD/YY)

Chronic Subchronic Chronic Subchronic

2.0E-02 NA NA N/A

mg/m3

Respiratory System

11/23/2010

NA = Not Applicable or Not Available (1) ATSDR = Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry CalEPA = California EPA HEAST = Health Effects Summary Tables IRIS = Integrated Risk Information System PPRTV = Provisional Peer Reviewed Toxicity Value, Superfund Health Technical Support Center (2) For ATSDR values, the date of the ATSDR toxicity profile. For CalEPA values, the date CalEPA toxicity database was searched. For HEAST values, date of HEAST document. For IRIS values, the date IRIS was searched. For PPRTV values, date of the PPRTV document. (3) Aroclor-1254 toxicity values also used for total PCBs.

TABLE 6.1 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Oral Cancer Slope Factor

Oral to Dermal Adjustment Factor (1)

Adjusted Dermal Cancer Slope Factor (2)

Units

EPA Carcinogen Group (3)

Source (4)

Date (5) (MM/DD/YY)

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethene Xylene, total 2-Methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene7 Benzo(a)pyrene7 Benzo(b)fluoranthene7 Benzo(k)fluoranthene7 bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene7 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene7 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene7 Naphthalene Pyrene Chlordane Dieldrin p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT

5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 NA NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01


7.3E-02

100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 NA NA NA

(mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day)

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1

2B A B2, 2B 2A 2A D

CalEPA IRIS CalEPA CalEPA CalEPA IRIS

11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/29/2010 11/23/2010 11/29/2010

100% 100% 100%


100%

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01


7.3E-02

(mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day)


(mg/kg-day)

-1 -1 -1
-1

B2 B2 B2
B2

NCEA IRIS NCEA


NCEA

7/1993 11/23/2010 7/1993


7/1993

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01

100% 100% 100%

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA

(mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day)

-1 -1 -1

B2 B2 B2 D D

IRIS NCEA NCEA IRIS IRIS NCEA

11/29/2010 7/1993 7/1993 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 7/1993

100%

7.3E-01 NA NA

(mg/kg-day)

-1

B2

D (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day)


-1 -1 -1 -1 -1

IRIS IRIS IRIS IRIS IRIS IRIS

11/23/2010 1/12/2011 1/12/2011 1/12/2011 1/12/2011 1/12/2011

100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

3.5E-01 1.6E+01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01

B2 B2 B2 B2 B2

TABLE 6.1 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Total PCBs6 - RME value Total PCBs6- CTE value 2,3,7,8-TCDD6 Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (III) Chromium (VI)7 Cobalt Copper Cyanide
Iron

Oral Cancer Slope Factor

Oral to Dermal Adjustment Factor (1)

Adjusted Dermal Cancer Slope Factor (2)

Units

EPA Carcinogen Group (3)

Source (4)

Date (5) (MM/DD/YY)

2.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.6E+05 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA


NA

100% 100% 100%

2.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.6E+05 NA

(mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day) (mg/kg-day)

-1 -1 -1

B2 B2 B2

IRIS IRIS EPA-D

11/23/2010 11/23/2010 1985

100%

1.5E+00 NA NA

(mg/kg-day)

-1

A B1 D

IRIS IRIS IRIS NJ

11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010

2.5%

2.0E+01 NA NA NA
NA

(mg/kg-day)

-1

D D

IRIS IRIS

11/29/2010 1/12/2011

Manganese Methylmercury Selenium Vanadium N/A-Not available

NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA

D C D

IRIS IRIS IRIS

11/23/2010 1/12/2011 11/23/2010

(1) Source: Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1: Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment (Final).
Section 4.2 and Exhibit 4-1. USEPA recommends that the oral RfD should not be adjusted to estimate the absorbed dose for compounds when the absorption efficiency is greater than 50%.

Constituents with oral absorption efficiencies greater than 50%, or without reported oral absorption efficiencies, are shown with an oral absorption efficiency of 100%. (2) Adjusted Dermal CSF = CSF (oral) / Oral to Dermal Adjustment Factor (3) EPA Carcinogen Group: A - Human carcinogen B1 - Probable human carcinogen - indicates that limited human data are available B2 - Probable human carcinogen - indicates sufficient evidence in animals and inadequate or no evidence in humans C - Possible human carcinogen D - Not classifiable as a human carcinogen E - Evidence of noncarcinogenicity IARC Carcinogen Group: 2A: The agent is probably carcinogenic to humans 2B: The agent is possibly carcinogenic to humans

TABLE 6.1 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- ORAL/DERMAL Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Oral Cancer Slope Factor

Oral to Dermal Adjustment Factor (1)

Adjusted Dermal Cancer Slope Factor (2)

Units

EPA Carcinogen Group (3)

Source (4)

Date (5) (MM/DD/YY)

(4) CalEPA = California EPA EPA-D = EPA, 1985. Health Assessment Document for Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office. Cincinnati, OH. EPA 600/8-84-014F. IRIS = Integrated Risk Information System NCEA = National Center for Environmental Assessment NJ = New Jersey DEP (5) For CalEPA values, the date CalEPA toxicity database was searched. For IRIS values, the date IRIS was searched. For NCEA values, the date of the NCEA document. For New Jersey values, the date New Jersey DEP toxicity database was searched. (6) 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxicity values will be used for dioxin-like PCBs. Total PCBs toxicity values used for non-dioxin like PCBs.
(7) Chemical acts via a mutaganic mode of action. Age-dependent adjustment factor (ADAF) of 10 used for 0-2 year old, ADAF of 3 used for 2-6 year old,

and ADAF of 3 used for 6-12 year old. Oral cancer slope factor multiplied by appropriate ADAF to derive age-specific oral cancer slope factor for receptor.

TABLE 6.2 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Unit Risk

Units

Weight of Evidence/ Cancer Guidance Description (1)

Source (2)

Date (3) (MM/DD/YY)

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethene Xylene, total 2-Methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene
5 5

1.1E-05 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 5.9E-06 NA NA NA 1.1E-04 1.1E-03


1.1E-04

(ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1

2B A B2 B2 2A D

CalEPA IRIS IRIS CalEPA CalEPA IRIS

11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/29/2010 11/23/2010 11/29/2010

(ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1
(ug/m3) -1

B2, 2A B2, 2A
B2, 2A

CalEPA CalEPA
CalEPA

11/23/2010 11/23/2010
11/23/2010

Benzo(b)fluoranthene5

Benzo(k)fluoranthene5 bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene


5

1.1E-04 2.4E-06 1.1E-05 1.2E-03 NA NA 1.1E-04 3.4E-05 NA 1.0E-04 4.6E-03 6.9E-05 9.7E-05

(ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1

B2, 2A B2, 2B B2, 2A B2, 2A D D

CalEPA CalEPA CalEPA CalEPA IRIS IRIS CalEPA CalEPA IRIS IRIS IRIS CalEPA CalEPA

11/23/2010 11/29/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 1/12/2011 1/12/2011 1/12/2011 1/12/2011

Dibenz(a,h)anthracene5 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene5 Naphthalene Pyrene Chlordane Dieldrin p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE

(ug/m3) -1 (ug/m3) -1 -1 -1 -1

B2, 2A 2B D

(ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3)

B2 B2 B2 B2

(ug/m3) -1

TABLE 6.2 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Unit Risk

Units

Weight of Evidence/ Cancer Guidance Description (1) -1 -1 -1

Source (2)

Date (3) (MM/DD/YY)

p,p'-DDT Total PCBs


4

9.7E-05 5.7E-04 3.8E+01 NA 4.3E-03 1.8E-03 NA 8.4E-02 9.0E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

(ug/m3) (ug/m3) (ug/m3)

B2 B2 B2

IRIS IRIS CalEPA

1/12/2011 11/23/2010 11/18/2009

2,3,7,8-TCDD4 Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (III) Chromium (VI)5 Cobalt Copper Cyanide Iron Manganese Methylmercury Selenium Vanadium (1) EPA Group: A - Human carcinogen

(ug/m3) (ug/m3)

-1 -1

A B1 D

IRIS IRIS IRIS IRIS PPRTV IRIS IRIS

11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 11/23/2010 8/28/2008 11/29/2010 1/12/2011

(ug/m3) (ug/m3)

-1 -1

A B1 D D

D C D

IRIS IRIS IRIS

11/23/2010 1/12/2011 11/23/2010

IARC Carcinogen Group: 2A: The agent is probably carcinogenic to humans 2B: The agent is possibly carcinogenic to humans

B1 - Probable human carcinogen - indicates that limited human data are available B2 - Probable human carcinogen - indicates sufficient evidence in animals and inadequate or no evidence in humans C - Possible human carcinogen D - Not classifiable as a human carcinogen E - Evidence of noncarcinogenicity

TABLE 6.2 CANCER TOXICITY DATA -- INHALATION Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern

Unit Risk

Units

Weight of Evidence/ Cancer Guidance Description (1)

Source (2)

Date (3) (MM/DD/YY)

(2) CalEPA = California EPA IRIS = Integrated Risk Information System PPRTV = Provisional Peer Reviewed Toxicity Value, Superfund Health Technical Support Center (3) For CalEPA values, the date CalEPA toxicity database was searched. For IRIS values, the date IRIS was searched. For PPRTV values, date of the PPRTV document. (4) 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxicity values will be used for dioxin-like PCBs Aroclor-1260 toxicity values alsoused for non-dioxin like PCBs (5) Chemical acts via a mutaganic mode of action. Age-dependent adjustment factor (ADAF) of 10 used for 0-2 year old, ADAF of 3 used for 2-6 year old, and ADAF of 3 used for 6-12 year old. Oral cancer slope factor multiplied by appropriate ADAF to derive age-specific oral cancer slope factor for receptor.

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

6.4E-06 2.2E-06 1.9E-06 2.0E-06 1.1E-06 5.8E-07 4.4E-06 1.1E-07 8.7E-06 8.5E-07 5.9E-08 9.2E-06 7.0E-13 9.1E-08 9.4E-08 2.8E-04 3.1E-07 1.7E-07 1.6E-06 2.3E-07 6.1E-06 7.0E-04 3.3E-05 5.5E-06 8.7E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 1.6E-06 1.4E-05 1.4E-06 8.2E-08 8.2E-09 3.2E-08 7.9E-07 NA 6.2E-07 NA NA 1.1E-07 1.8E-07 NA NA 4.7E-07 NA 8.2E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-05

1.9E-05 6.5E-06 5.4E-06 5.7E-06 3.3E-06 1.7E-06 1.3E-05 3.1E-07 2.5E-05 2.5E-06 1.7E-07 2.7E-05 2.0E-12 2.7E-07 2.7E-07 8.1E-04 9.2E-07 4.9E-07 4.8E-06 6.6E-07 1.8E-05 2.0E-03 9.5E-05 1.6E-05 2.5E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

3.1E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

8.5E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.3E-04 NA 8.7E-06 9.0E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.4E-02 8.1E-04 3.1E-03 4.9E-04 1.6E-03 2.2E-03 4.5E-04 2.9E-03 NA 1.1E-04 5.1E-04 2.8E-02

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 3.4E-05 1.2E-05 1.0E-05 1.1E-05 6.1E-06 2.4E-06 2.4E-05 5.8E-07 4.7E-05 4.6E-06 3.2E-07 5.0E-05 4.1E-12 5.3E-07 5.5E-07 1.2E-04 3.9E-07 7.0E-09 6.8E-07 9.4E-08 2.6E-06 2.9E-04 1.4E-05 2.3E-06 3.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 8.7E-06 7.4E-05 7.8E-06 4.4E-07 3.4E-08 1.7E-07 4.3E-06 NA 3.4E-06 NA NA 6.4E-07 1.1E-06 NA NA 5.9E-07 NA 1.4E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.1E-04 1.3E-04 1.3E-04 1.3E-04 1.0E-04 3.5E-05 2.9E-05 3.1E-05 1.8E-05 7.1E-06 7.0E-05 1.7E-06 1.4E-04 1.3E-05 9.4E-07 1.5E-04 1.2E-11 1.5E-06 1.6E-06 3.4E-04 1.1E-06 2.0E-08 2.0E-06 2.7E-07 7.4E-06 8.5E-04 4.0E-05 6.6E-06 1.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.7E-03 NA NA NA NA 3.5E-04 NA NA 3.4E-03 NA 4.7E-05 4.8E-03 NA NA 8.0E-02 3.4E-04 3.8E-03 8.1E-04 2.6E-02 9.1E-04 1.9E-04 1.2E-03 NA 6.9E-03 2.1E-04 1.3E-01 1.6E-01 1.6E-01 1.6E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 6.5E-07 5.0E-06 2.1E-05 9.7E-06 5.6E-06 4.3E-06 3.2E-07 6.2E-07 2.8E-06 6.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 3.6E-08 3.6E-06 1.5E-04 7.1E-06 7.8E-08 3.1E-06 4.9E-07 1.2E-05 NA NA 1.8E-04 1.8E-04 1.8E-04 1.8E-04 1.9E-06 1.5E-05 6.2E-05 2.8E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-05 9.5E-07 1.8E-06 8.2E-06 2.0E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.7E-04 NA NA NA 8.2E-04 NA 3.2E-03 2.4E-02 2.0E-04 3.9E-04 2.9E-02 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.0E-07 1.2E-08 3.0E-08 1.4E-08 1.1E-07 6.0E-09 9.0E-07 8.6E-07 7.8E-06 1.9E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA 2.0E-06 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.6E-09 8.8E-09 2.2E-07 9.9E-09 1.6E-09 4.4E-09 1.4E-06 4.3E-07 3.0E-07 3.5E-08 8.7E-08 4.0E-08 3.2E-07 1.7E-08 2.6E-06 2.5E-06 2.3E-05 5.4E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.4E-05 NA NA NA 1.6E-05 NA 8.8E-03 8.3E-04 5.7E-04 1.1E-03 1.1E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.7E-08 3.8E-08 2.5E-08 3.9E-08 1.1E-06 4.7E-09 9.3E-09 8.6E-09 4.6E-09 2.3E-08 1.7E-08 7.5E-07 3.9E-07 1.8E-07 6.8E-07 1.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.4E-10 2.1E-09 7.9E-10 4.3E-10 6.0E-07 3.4E-09 6.8E-08 6.3E-09 3.3E-08 1.7E-08 NA 1.1E-06 1.9E-07 NA NA NA 2.1E-06 7.8E-08 1.1E-07 7.4E-08 1.1E-07 3.2E-06 1.4E-08 2.7E-08 2.5E-08 1.3E-08 6.6E-08 4.8E-08 2.2E-06 1.1E-06 5.2E-07 2.0E-06 4.4E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-06 2.8E-05 7.4E-06 1.1E-06 3.2E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-06 7.3E-03 3.8E-04 1.7E-03 NA 8.9E-04 1.1E-02

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 6.0E-07 2.4E-07 8.5E-08 8.5E-07 2.2E-05 1.9E-06 6.6E-06 6.2E-06 5.0E-06 1.6E-05 3.8E-07 2.7E-07 2.8E-07 2.5E-08 2.4E-08 5.5E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 3.2E-09 1.3E-08 2.6E-09 9.3E-09 1.2E-05 1.4E-06 4.8E-05 4.5E-06 3.7E-05 1.2E-05 NA 4.1E-07 5.6E-06 NA NA NA 1.2E-04 1.2E-04 1.2E-04 1.2E-04 1.8E-06 7.1E-07 2.5E-07 2.5E-06 6.4E-05 5.7E-06 1.9E-05 1.8E-05 1.5E-05 4.8E-05 1.1E-06 7.9E-07 8.1E-07 7.4E-08 7.1E-08 1.6E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.5E-05 1.8E-04 2.5E-05 2.5E-05 6.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 5.5E-05 2.6E-03 1.1E-02 2.5E-04 NA 3.2E-04 2.1E-02 3.1E-02 3.1E-02 3.1E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Air Air Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system operation) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation 9.1E-04 2.2E-04 2.3E-03 1.0E-02 2.1E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 2.4E-03 5.9E-04 6.0E-03 2.7E-02 5.5E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3)

1.9E-08 1.4E-08 1.5E-08 NA 1.9E-07 2.4E-07 2.4E-07 2.4E-07 2.4E-07

7.1E-06 1.7E-06 1.7E-05 7.8E-05 1.6E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03

TABLE 7.1.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system started)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.9E-03 2.1E-04 2.1E-03 1.7E-02 2.2E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 5.1E-03 5.4E-04 5.6E-03 4.6E-02 5.8E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 4.0E-08 1.2E-08 1.4E-08 NA 2.0E-07 2.6E-07 2.6E-07 2.6E-07 2.6E-07 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 3.2E-04
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1.5E-05 1.6E-06 1.6E-05 1.3E-04 1.7E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 2.1E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement B. Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started

TABLE 7.1.RME Supplement A Calculation of Daevent Dry Event Recreational Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 1.5E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 2.5E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 1.0E-03 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 5.1E-02 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 1.9E-01 6.7E+00 NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 2.9E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 1.7E+01 3.8E+00 NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 7.0E-01 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 4.0E+01 1.7E+01 NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 8.0E-01 6.0E-01 NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 1.0E-07 7.9E-07 3.4E-06 1.6E-06 8.9E-07 6.9E-07 5.2E-08 9.8E-08 4.5E-07 1.1E-07

Eq 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.1.RME Supplement B Calculation of Daevent Wet Event Recreational Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 4.2E-02 1.5E-02 6.8E-03 4.9E-02 3.3E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.5E+00 1.0E+00 4.7E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 4.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 2.0E-01 5.1E-02 2.9E-02 2.0E-01 1.7E-01 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 9.7E+00 6.7E+00 2.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 7.1E-01 2.9E-01 5.0E-01 4.2E-01 9.1E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 3.9E+00 3.8E+00 5.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 1.7E+00 7.0E-01 1.2E+00 1.0E+00 2.2E+00 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.8E+01 1.7E+01 1.3E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 1.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 9.6E-08 3.9E-08 1.4E-08 1.4E-07 3.5E-06 3.1E-07 1.0E-06 9.8E-07 8.0E-07 2.6E-06 6.0E-08 4.3E-08 4.4E-08 4.1E-09 3.9E-09 8.7E-08

Eq 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Ethylbenzene Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-16)* Chrysene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

2.0E-06 4.5E-07 2.3E-07 3.8E-07 1.9E-07 4.0E-07 2.0E-07 2.3E-07 1.2E-07 1.8E-07 9.0E-07 4.5E-07 2.2E-08 1.1E-08 2.7E-06 1.7E-07 8.7E-08 1.8E-08 2.8E-06 2.2E-13 2.8E-08 2.9E-08 8.5E-05 9.6E-08 5.2E-08 3.3E-07 1.7E-07 6.9E-08 1.9E-06 2.1E-04 1.0E-05 1.7E-06 2.7E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E-03 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 NA 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 9.9E-07 1.7E-07 8.4E-06 1.4E-06 8.8E-07 1.5E-07 5.1E-08 8.4E-09 2.5E-09 2.0E-08 3.3E-09 4.8E-07 8.1E-08 NA 3.8E-07 6.4E-08 NA NA 3.4E-08 5.6E-08 NA NA 1.4E-07 NA 5.0E-07 8.3E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-05

2.3E-05 7.9E-06 6.7E-06 7.1E-06 4.0E-06 2.1E-06 1.6E-05 3.9E-07 3.1E-05 3.1E-06 2.1E-07 3.3E-05 2.5E-12 3.3E-07 3.4E-07 9.9E-04 1.1E-06 6.0E-07 5.8E-06 8.1E-07 2.2E-05 2.5E-03 1.2E-04 2.0E-05 3.1E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

3.8E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

1.0E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day

7.7E-04 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.1E-05 1.1E-03 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.7E-02 9.9E-04 3.7E-03 6.0E-04 1.9E-03 2.7E-03 5.5E-04 3.6E-03 NA 1.4E-04 6.3E-04 3.4E-02

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-16)* Chrysene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.1E-05 2.5E-06 1.2E-06 2.1E-06 1.0E-06 2.2E-06 1.1E-06 1.3E-06 6.3E-07 7.5E-07 4.9E-06 2.5E-06 1.2E-07 6.0E-08 1.4E-05 9.5E-07 4.8E-07 9.9E-08 1.5E-05 1.3E-12 1.6E-07 1.7E-07 3.6E-05 1.2E-07 2.2E-09 1.4E-07 7.0E-08 2.9E-08 7.9E-07 9.0E-05 4.2E-06 7.0E-07 1.1E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E-03 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 NA 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 6.0E+01 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 5.4E-06 9.0E-07 4.6E-05 7.6E-06 4.8E-06 8.0E-07 2.8E-07 4.6E-08 1.0E-08 1.1E-07 1.8E-08 2.6E-06 4.4E-07 NA 2.1E-06 3.5E-07 NA NA 2.0E-07 3.3E-07 NA NA 1.8E-07 NA 8.4E-06 1.4E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.2E-05 9.5E-05 9.5E-05 9.5E-05 3.4E-07 9.2E-06 1.0E-03 4.9E-05 8.2E-06 1.3E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-03 2.3E-04 1.5E-03 NA 8.6E-03 2.6E-04 1.6E-01 2.0E-01 2.0E-01 2.0E-01 1.2E-06 1.8E-04 1.5E-11 1.9E-06 2.0E-06 4.2E-04 1.4E-06 2.5E-08 2.4E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.8E-05 6.0E-03 NA NA 9.9E-02 4.2E-04 4.7E-03 1.0E-03 3.3E-02 1.7E-04 1.7E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 4.2E-03 NA 2.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 8.7E-06 8.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 4.4E-04 NA 2.2E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.8E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.6E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.2E-04 4.3E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 2.1E-03 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.7E-07 8.9E-07 4.5E-07 3.8E-06 1.9E-06 1.7E-06 8.7E-07 1.5E-06 7.7E-07 3.9E-07 8.7E-08 1.1E-07 5.5E-08 7.5E-07 1.8E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 6.0E+01 2.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 9.6E-09 2.0E-06 3.3E-07 8.3E-05 1.4E-05 3.8E-06 6.4E-07 2.1E-08 1.7E-06 2.8E-07 1.3E-07 6.6E-06 1.1E-06 NA NA 1.1E-04 1.1E-04 1.1E-04 1.1E-04 8.8E-06 2.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.2E-04 4.2E-04 3.1E-02 4.5E-02 4.5E-02 4.5E-02 1.0E-06 1.9E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-03 2.6E-02 1.8E-05 1.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 8.8E-04 NA 3.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 6.7E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-06 1.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 5.1E-04 NA 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 3.1E-08 2.5E-09 1.2E-09 6.1E-09 3.1E-09 2.8E-09 1.4E-09 3.4E-08 1.2E-09 6.1E-10 2.8E-07 1.8E-07 8.8E-08 2.4E-06 5.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA 9.0E-07 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.7E-09 5.4E-09 9.0E-10 1.3E-07 2.2E-08 6.1E-09 1.0E-09 4.8E-10 2.7E-09 4.5E-10 4.2E-07 2.6E-07 4.4E-08 2.8E-05 6.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-04 1.3E-03 1.4E-02 3.2E-06 3.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-02 1.0E-03 4.0E-07 2.1E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 2.0E-05 NA 4.9E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.1E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.6E-07 4.3E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 9.1E-05 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 8.2E-09 1.2E-08 7.8E-09 1.2E-08 3.4E-07 9.7E-10 4.8E-10 1.9E-09 9.5E-10 1.8E-09 8.8E-10 9.4E-10 4.7E-10 4.6E-09 2.3E-09 5.1E-09 2.3E-07 7.9E-08 4.0E-08 5.4E-08 2.1E-07 4.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.4E-11 6.4E-10 2.4E-10 1.3E-10 1.8E-07 2.1E-09 3.5E-10 4.2E-08 6.9E-09 3.8E-09 6.4E-10 2.1E-08 3.4E-09 1.0E-08 1.7E-09 NA 3.5E-07 1.2E-07 2.0E-08 NA NA NA 7.6E-07 6.3E-07 2.4E-06 5.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.1E-03 NA 1.1E-03 1.3E-02 5.9E-08 2.7E-06 1.4E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-06 9.0E-03 4.6E-04 8.1E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.6E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.1E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.3E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 9.6E-08 1.4E-07 9.1E-08 1.4E-07 4.0E-06 1.7E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.4E-06 3.4E-05 9.1E-06 1.4E-06 4.0E-04 NA

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.6E-07 6.5E-08 2.3E-08 2.3E-07 5.9E-06 3.5E-07 5.9E-07 1.2E-06 5.5E-07 1.1E-06 4.5E-07 9.0E-07 1.5E-06 2.9E-06 3.4E-08 1.0E-07 7.3E-08 5.0E-08 2.5E-08 6.8E-09 6.5E-09 1.5E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 6.0E+01 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.7E-10 3.6E-09 7.1E-10 2.5E-09 3.2E-06 7.6E-07 4.3E-07 2.6E-05 4.0E-06 2.4E-06 3.3E-07 2.0E-05 1.1E-05 6.4E-06 2.5E-08 NA 1.1E-07 3.0E-06 5.0E-07 NA NA NA 7.7E-05 7.8E-05 7.8E-05 7.8E-05 8.0E-08 7.6E-08 1.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.7E-04 NA 3.4E-04 2.2E-02 3.5E-02 3.5E-02 3.5E-02 1.2E-06 8.5E-07 8.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.9E-05 2.8E-03 1.2E-02 5.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.6E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.9E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.9E-06 7.6E-07 2.7E-07 2.7E-06 6.9E-05 6.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.7E-05 1.9E-04 2.7E-05 2.7E-05 6.9E-03 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Air Air Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system operation) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation 9.1E-04 2.2E-04 2.3E-03 1.0E-02 2.1E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 6.0E-04 1.5E-04 1.5E-03 6.7E-03 1.4E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3)

4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 NA 4.7E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08

7.1E-06 1.7E-06 1.7E-05 7.8E-05 1.6E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03

TABLE 7.2.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system started)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.9E-03 2.1E-04 2.1E-03 1.7E-02 2.2E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 1.3E-03 1.4E-04 1.4E-03 1.1E-02 1.4E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 NA 4.9E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 2.1E-04
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1.5E-05 1.6E-06 1.6E-05 1.3E-04 1.7E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 2.5E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-16 year old for exposure duration of 4 years, ADAF of 1 used to adjust CSF for 16-18 year old for exposure duration of 2 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 12-16 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement B. Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started.

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1.5E-05 1.7E-06 3.4E-06 1.5E-06 2.9E-06 1.5E-06 3.1E-06 8.8E-07 1.8E-06 1.4E-06 3.4E-06 6.9E-06 8.4E-08 1.7E-07 2.0E-05 6.6E-07 1.3E-06 1.4E-07 2.2E-05 1.6E-12 2.1E-07 2.2E-07 6.5E-04 7.3E-07 3.9E-07 1.3E-06 2.5E-06 5.3E-07 1.4E-05 1.6E-03 7.6E-05 1.3E-05 2.0E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 1.3E-05 7.5E-06 1.1E-04 6.4E-05 1.1E-05 6.7E-06 6.4E-07 3.8E-07 1.9E-08 2.5E-07 1.5E-07 6.1E-06 3.7E-06 NA 4.8E-06 2.9E-06 NA NA 2.6E-07 4.3E-07 NA NA 1.1E-06 NA 6.3E-06 3.8E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04

1.7E-04 6.0E-05 5.1E-05 5.4E-05 3.1E-05 1.6E-05 1.2E-04 2.9E-06 2.4E-04 2.3E-05 1.6E-06 2.5E-04 1.9E-11 2.5E-06 2.6E-06 7.6E-03 8.5E-06 4.6E-06 4.4E-05 6.1E-06 1.7E-04 1.9E-02 8.9E-04 1.5E-04 2.4E-05

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

2.9E-03 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

7.9E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day

5.9E-03 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

8.1E-05 8.4E-03 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.3E-01 7.6E-03 2.8E-02 4.6E-03 1.5E-02 2.0E-02 4.2E-03 2.7E-02 NA 1.1E-03 4.8E-03 2.6E-01

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.1E-05 1.3E-06 2.5E-06 1.1E-06 2.1E-06 1.1E-06 2.2E-06 6.4E-07 1.3E-06 7.6E-07 2.5E-06 5.0E-06 6.1E-08 1.2E-07 1.5E-05 4.8E-07 9.7E-07 1.0E-07 1.6E-05 1.3E-12 1.7E-07 1.7E-07 3.6E-05 1.2E-07 2.2E-09 7.1E-08 1.4E-07 2.9E-08 8.0E-07 9.1E-05 4.3E-06 7.2E-07 1.1E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 9.2E-06 5.5E-06 7.7E-05 4.6E-05 8.1E-06 4.9E-06 4.7E-07 2.8E-07 1.1E-08 1.8E-07 1.1E-07 4.5E-06 2.7E-06 NA 3.5E-06 2.1E-06 NA NA 2.0E-07 3.3E-07 NA NA 1.8E-07 NA 1.4E-05 8.5E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.9E-04 4.3E-04 4.3E-04 4.3E-04 3.4E-07 9.4E-06 1.1E-03 5.0E-05 8.4E-06 1.3E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-03 2.3E-04 1.5E-03 NA 8.7E-03 2.7E-04 1.6E-01 4.2E-01 4.2E-01 4.2E-01 1.2E-06 1.8E-04 1.5E-11 1.9E-06 2.0E-06 4.2E-04 1.4E-06 2.6E-08 2.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.9E-05 6.1E-03 NA NA 1.0E-01 4.2E-04 4.8E-03 1.0E-03 3.3E-02 1.7E-04 1.7E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 4.3E-03 NA 2.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 8.9E-06 8.7E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 4.4E-04 NA 2.2E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.9E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.7E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.3E-04 4.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 2.1E-03 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.8E-07 7.1E-07 1.4E-06 3.0E-06 6.0E-06 1.4E-06 2.8E-06 2.4E-06 6.1E-07 1.2E-06 1.4E-07 8.8E-08 1.8E-07 1.2E-06 2.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.5E-08 5.2E-06 3.1E-06 2.2E-04 1.3E-04 1.0E-05 6.1E-06 3.4E-08 4.5E-06 2.7E-06 2.1E-07 1.8E-05 1.1E-05 NA NA 4.1E-04 4.2E-04 4.2E-04 4.2E-04 1.4E-05 3.3E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-04 6.7E-04 5.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 1.6E-06 3.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 4.1E-02 2.8E-05 2.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 1.4E-03 NA 4.9E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.1E-04 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.2E-06 2.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 8.1E-04 NA 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.2E-07 4.7E-09 9.4E-09 1.2E-08 2.3E-08 5.3E-09 1.1E-08 1.3E-07 2.3E-09 4.7E-09 1.1E-06 3.3E-07 6.7E-07 9.1E-06 2.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA 5.8E-06 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 6.5E-09 3.4E-08 2.1E-08 8.5E-07 5.1E-07 3.8E-08 2.3E-08 1.8E-09 1.7E-08 1.0E-08 1.6E-06 1.7E-06 1.0E-06 1.1E-04 2.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.7E-03 5.1E-03 5.3E-02 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.1E-02 3.9E-03 1.5E-06 8.1E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 7.6E-05 NA 1.8E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 4.1E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.4E-06 1.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 3.5E-04 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 3.1E-08 4.4E-08 3.0E-08 4.6E-08 1.3E-06 1.8E-09 3.7E-09 3.6E-09 7.2E-09 3.3E-09 6.7E-09 1.8E-09 3.6E-09 8.8E-09 1.8E-08 1.9E-08 8.8E-07 1.5E-07 3.0E-07 2.1E-07 7.9E-07 1.8E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.7E-10 2.4E-09 9.2E-10 5.1E-10 7.0E-07 1.3E-08 8.0E-09 2.6E-07 1.6E-07 2.4E-08 1.5E-08 1.3E-07 7.8E-08 6.4E-08 3.9E-08 NA 1.3E-06 7.5E-07 4.5E-07 NA NA NA 4.0E-06 2.4E-06 9.2E-06 2.1E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 8.0E-03 NA 4.1E-03 5.0E-02 2.2E-07 1.0E-05 5.3E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-05 3.4E-02 1.8E-03 3.1E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 6.2E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.2E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.3E-07 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.6E-07 5.2E-07 3.5E-07 5.4E-07 1.5E-05 6.4E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.2E-06 1.3E-04 3.5E-05 5.4E-06 1.5E-03 NA

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.6E-07 1.0E-07 3.6E-08 3.6E-07 9.4E-06 2.8E-07 5.6E-07 9.4E-07 1.9E-06 8.8E-07 1.8E-06 7.1E-07 1.4E-06 2.3E-06 4.7E-06 1.6E-07 1.2E-07 4.0E-08 7.9E-08 1.1E-08 1.0E-08 2.3E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.4E-09 5.7E-09 1.1E-09 4.0E-09 5.1E-06 2.0E-06 1.2E-06 6.9E-05 4.1E-05 6.4E-06 3.8E-06 5.2E-05 3.1E-05 1.7E-05 1.0E-05 NA 1.7E-07 7.9E-06 4.8E-06 NA NA NA 2.5E-04 2.6E-04 2.6E-04 2.6E-04 1.3E-07 1.2E-07 2.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.2E-04 NA 5.5E-04 3.6E-02 8.5E-02 8.5E-02 8.5E-02 1.9E-06 1.4E-06 1.4E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 9.4E-05 4.5E-03 1.9E-02 8.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.5E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.3E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.0E-06 1.2E-06 4.2E-07 4.2E-06 1.1E-04 9.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.3E-05 3.0E-04 4.2E-05 4.2E-05 1.1E-02 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Air Air Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system operation) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation 9.1E-04 2.2E-04 2.3E-03 1.0E-02 2.1E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 6.0E-04 1.5E-04 1.5E-03 6.7E-03 1.4E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3)

4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 NA 4.7E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08

7.1E-06 1.7E-06 1.7E-05 7.8E-05 1.6E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03

TABLE 7.3.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system started)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.9E-03 2.1E-04 2.1E-03 1.7E-02 2.2E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 1.3E-03 1.4E-04 1.4E-03 1.1E-02 1.4E-03 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 NA 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 NA 4.9E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 8.5E-04
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1.5E-05 1.6E-06 1.6E-05 1.3E-04 1.7E-05

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-01 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 5.3E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-6 year old for exposure duration of 4 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.RME Supplement B. Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started

TABLE 7.4.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult
Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.1E-01 6.0E-02 2.7E-01 3.2E-01 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 2.4E-06 1.4E-06 6.7E-07 1.1E-05 1.5E-05 1.5E-05 1.5E-05 1.5E-05 8.6E-04 1.7E-04 7.5E-04 8.9E-04 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 2.9E-02 1.7E-03 7.5E-04 3.0E-01 3.3E-01 3.3E-01 3.3E-01 3.3E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 2.7E-01 8.1E-02 3.0E-01 7.4E-01 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3)

2.1E-06 1.9E-06 7.6E-07 2.5E-05 3.0E-05 3.0E-05 3.0E-05 3.0E-05

7.6E-04 2.3E-04 8.5E-04 2.1E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.5E-02 2.3E-03 8.5E-04 6.9E-01 7.2E-01 7.2E-01 7.2E-01 7.2E-01

TABLE 7.4.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult
Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

4.5E-06 3.9E-06 1.6E-06 9.2E-07 1.0E-06 5.2E-07 1.8E-07 1.6E-06 6.9E-08 2.3E-06 2.9E-06 4.0E-07 8.2E-06 4.9E-06 5.7E-13 8.1E-08 8.3E-08 1.8E-04 1.8E-07 1.3E-07 1.1E-06 1.4E-07 3.4E-06 4.2E-04 1.5E-05 3.8E-06 5.8E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 1.2E-06 6.7E-06 7.3E-07 3.8E-08 2.6E-09 1.2E-08 5.0E-07 NA NA

1.3E-05 1.1E-05 4.5E-06 2.6E-06 2.8E-06 1.4E-06 5.1E-07 4.5E-06 1.9E-07 6.3E-06 8.1E-06 1.1E-06 2.3E-05 1.4E-05 1.6E-12 2.3E-07 2.3E-07 5.1E-04 5.2E-07 3.5E-07 3.0E-06 3.9E-07 9.7E-06 1.2E-03 4.2E-05 1.1E-05 1.6E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.2E-03 1.8E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.6E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.6E-04 2.0E-04 NA 1.2E-03 4.5E-04 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day)

2.9E-07 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

8.9E-08 1.6E-07 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.2E-02 5.1E-04 1.7E-03 3.5E-04 9.9E-04 1.3E-03 2.4E-04 1.7E-03 NA 7.7E-05 3.2E-04 2.4E-02

1/(mg/kg-day)

2.8E-07 NA 5.3E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.1E-05

TABLE 7.4.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult
Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

3.9E-06 3.3E-06 1.4E-06 7.9E-07 8.5E-07 4.4E-07 1.2E-07 1.4E-06 5.9E-08 1.9E-06 2.5E-06 3.4E-07 7.1E-06 4.2E-06 5.3E-13 7.5E-08 7.7E-08 1.2E-05 3.7E-08 8.3E-10 7.0E-08 9.1E-09 2.3E-07 2.8E-05 1.0E-06 2.5E-07 3.8E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 1.0E-06 5.8E-06 6.2E-07 3.2E-08 1.7E-09 1.0E-08 4.3E-07 NA NA 2.5E-07 NA NA 8.2E-08 1.5E-07 NA NA 5.5E-08 NA 1.4E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.8E-06 2.0E-05 2.0E-05 2.0E-05

1.1E-05 9.3E-06 3.9E-06 2.2E-06 2.4E-06 1.2E-06 3.4E-07 3.8E-06 1.7E-07 5.4E-06 7.0E-06 9.5E-07 2.0E-05 1.2E-05 1.5E-12 2.1E-07 2.2E-07 3.4E-05 1.0E-07 2.3E-09 2.0E-07 2.6E-08 6.4E-07 7.8E-05 2.8E-06 7.1E-07 1.1E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.7E-03 1.6E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

1.7E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.4E-04 1.7E-04 NA 9.9E-04 3.9E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.1E-02 3.4E-05 3.4E-04 9.3E-05 2.6E-03 8.5E-05 1.6E-05 1.1E-04 NA 1.0E-06 2.1E-05 1.9E-02 4.3E-02 4.3E-02 4.3E-02

TABLE 7.4.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult
Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 3.0E-08 9.2E-09 6.2E-09 9.6E-09 2.7E-07 1.2E-09 2.3E-09 2.1E-09 1.1E-09 5.5E-09 4.0E-09 1.8E-07 9.4E-08 4.3E-08 1.6E-07 3.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.6E-10 5.1E-10 1.9E-10 1.1E-10 1.5E-07 8.4E-10 1.7E-08 1.5E-09 8.2E-09 4.0E-09 NA 2.8E-07 4.7E-08 NA NA NA 5.0E-07 8.3E-08 1.2E-07 7.9E-08 1.2E-07 3.4E-06 1.5E-08 2.9E-08 2.7E-08 1.4E-08 7.0E-08 5.1E-08 2.3E-06 1.2E-06 5.5E-07 2.1E-06 4.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.2E-06 2.9E-05 7.9E-06 1.2E-06 3.4E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 2.6E-06 7.8E-03 4.0E-04 1.8E-03 NA 9.5E-04 1.1E-02

TABLE 7.4.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult
Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.5E-07 7.4E-08 2.4E-08 2.3E-07 5.2E-06 3.9E-07 1.3E-06 1.2E-06 1.0E-06 3.3E-06 9.8E-08 9.5E-08 9.8E-08 8.9E-09 8.5E-09 1.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.0E-10 4.1E-09 7.4E-10 2.6E-09 2.8E-06 2.9E-07 9.6E-06 9.0E-07 7.3E-06 2.4E-06 NA 1.4E-07 2.0E-06 NA NA NA 2.5E-05 2.6E-05 2.6E-05 2.6E-05 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 7.6E-05
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

4.2E-07 2.1E-07 6.7E-08 6.6E-07 1.5E-05 1.1E-06 3.7E-06 3.5E-06 2.8E-06 9.2E-06 2.7E-07 2.7E-07 2.7E-07 2.5E-08 2.4E-08 5.4E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-06 5.2E-05 6.7E-06 6.6E-06 1.5E-03 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.4E-05 8.9E-04 3.7E-03 8.4E-05 NA 1.1E-04 6.3E-03 1.8E-02 1.8E-02 1.8E-02 7.8E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.4.RME Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 7.4.RME Supplement A Calculation of DAevent Industrial Worker Adult Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 4.2E-02 1.5E-02 6.8E-03 4.9E-02 3.3E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.5E+00 1.0E+00 4.7E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 4.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 2.0E-01 5.1E-02 2.9E-02 2.0E-01 1.7E-01 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 9.7E+00 6.7E+00 2.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 7.1E-01 2.9E-01 5.0E-01 4.2E-01 9.1E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 3.9E+00 3.8E+00 5.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 1.7E+00 7.0E-01 1.2E+00 1.0E+00 2.2E+00 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.8E+01 1.7E+01 1.3E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 1.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 2.1E-07 1.0E-07 3.3E-08 3.3E-07 7.2E-06 5.4E-07 1.8E-06 1.7E-06 1.4E-06 4.6E-06 1.4E-07 1.3E-07 1.4E-07 1.2E-08 1.2E-08 2.7E-07

Eq 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.5.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.1E-03 3.2E-04 1.2E-03 2.9E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.2E-03 2.3E-04 1.0E-03 1.2E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started)

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

TABLE 7.5.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.3E-05 1.1E-05 4.5E-06 2.6E-06 2.8E-06 1.4E-06 5.1E-07 4.5E-06 1.9E-07 6.3E-06 8.1E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.2E-03 1.8E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.6E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.6E-04 2.0E-04 NA 1.2E-03 4.5E-04 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day)

1.1E-06 2.3E-05 1.4E-05

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.6E-12 2.3E-07 2.3E-07 5.1E-04

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.2E-02 5.1E-04 1.7E-03 3.5E-04 9.9E-04 1.3E-03 2.4E-04 1.7E-03 NA 7.7E-05 3.2E-04 2.4E-02

1/(mg/kg-day)

5.2E-07 3.5E-07 3.0E-06 3.9E-07 9.7E-06 1.2E-03 4.2E-05 1.1E-05 1.6E-06 0.0E+00

TABLE 7.5.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.9E-05 1.6E-05 6.7E-06 3.8E-06 4.1E-06 2.1E-06 5.8E-07 6.6E-06 2.9E-07 9.4E-06 1.2E-05 1.6E-06 3.4E-05 2.0E-05 2.5E-12 3.6E-07 3.7E-07 5.9E-05 1.8E-07 4.0E-09 3.4E-07 4.4E-08 1.1E-06 1.3E-04 4.8E-06 1.2E-06 1.8E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.7E-03 2.7E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.9E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.3E-04 3.0E-04 NA 1.7E-03 6.7E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.9E-02 5.9E-05 5.9E-04 1.6E-04 4.5E-03 1.5E-04 2.8E-05 1.9E-04 NA 1.8E-06 3.7E-05 3.2E-02 5.6E-02 5.6E-02 5.6E-02

TABLE 7.5.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.7E-08 3.8E-08 2.6E-08 4.0E-08 1.1E-06 4.8E-09 9.4E-09 8.7E-09 4.6E-09 2.3E-08 1.7E-08 7.6E-07 3.9E-07 1.8E-07 6.8E-07 1.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.9E-07 9.6E-06 2.6E-06 4.0E-07 1.1E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 8.3E-07 2.5E-03 1.3E-04 6.0E-04 NA 3.1E-04 3.7E-03

TABLE 7.5.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 0.0E+00
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.9E-07 7.8E-08 2.7E-08 2.7E-07 7.0E-06 6.2E-07 2.1E-06 2.0E-06 1.6E-06 5.2E-06 1.2E-07 8.7E-08 8.9E-08 8.1E-09 7.8E-09 1.8E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.7E-06 1.9E-05 2.7E-06 2.7E-06 7.0E-04 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-06 2.9E-04 1.2E-03 2.7E-05 NA 3.5E-05 2.3E-03 6.0E-03 6.0E-03 6.0E-03 1.1E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.5.RME Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 7.5.RME Supplement A Calculation of Daevent Wet Event Residential Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 4.2E-02 1.5E-02 6.8E-03 4.9E-02 3.3E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.5E+00 1.0E+00 4.7E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 4.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 2.0E-01 5.1E-02 2.9E-02 2.0E-01 1.7E-01 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 9.7E+00 6.7E+00 2.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 7.1E-01 2.9E-01 5.0E-01 4.2E-01 9.1E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 3.9E+00 3.8E+00 5.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 1.7E+00 7.0E-01 1.2E+00 1.0E+00 2.2E+00 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.8E+01 1.7E+01 1.3E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 1.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 9.6E-08 3.9E-08 1.4E-08 1.4E-07 3.5E-06 3.1E-07 1.0E-06 9.8E-07 8.0E-07 2.6E-06 6.0E-08 4.3E-08 4.4E-08 4.1E-09 3.9E-09 8.7E-08

Eq 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.6.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1.2E-03 2.3E-04 1.0E-03 1.2E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1.1E-03 3.2E-04 1.2E-03 2.9E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started)

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

TABLE 7.6.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.2E-04 1.0E-04 4.2E-05 2.4E-05 2.6E-05 1.3E-05 4.8E-06 4.2E-05 1.8E-06 5.9E-05 7.6E-05

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.9E-02 1.7E-03 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.4E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.5E-03 1.9E-03 NA 1.1E-02 4.2E-03 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day)

1.0E-05 2.2E-04 1.3E-04

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.5E-11 2.1E-06 2.2E-06 4.8E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.1E-01 4.8E-03 1.6E-02 3.3E-03 9.3E-03 1.2E-02 2.3E-03 1.6E-02 NA 7.2E-04 3.0E-03 2.3E-01

1/(mg/kg-day)

4.8E-06 3.3E-06 2.8E-05 3.6E-06 9.0E-05 1.1E-02 3.9E-04 1.0E-04 1.5E-05

TABLE 7.6.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

4.3E-05 3.7E-05 1.5E-05 8.8E-06 9.5E-06 4.9E-06 1.3E-06 1.5E-05 6.5E-07 2.2E-05 2.8E-05 3.8E-06 7.8E-05 4.6E-05 5.8E-12 8.3E-07 8.5E-07 1.3E-04 4.1E-07 9.2E-09 7.8E-07 1.0E-07 2.5E-06 3.1E-04 1.1E-05 2.8E-06 4.2E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.1E-02 6.2E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

6.7E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

5.4E-04 6.9E-04 NA 3.9E-03 1.5E-03 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.3E-02 1.3E-04 1.4E-03 3.7E-04 1.0E-02 3.4E-04 6.3E-05 4.4E-04 NA 4.0E-06 8.5E-05 7.4E-02 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01

TABLE 7.6.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.3E-07 1.8E-07 1.2E-07 1.9E-07 5.2E-06 2.2E-08 4.4E-08 4.0E-08 2.2E-08 1.1E-07 7.8E-08 3.5E-06 1.8E-06 8.3E-07 3.2E-06 7.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.8E-06 4.5E-05 1.2E-05 1.9E-06 5.2E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 3.9E-06 1.2E-02 6.1E-04 2.8E-03 NA 1.4E-03 1.7E-02

TABLE 7.6.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.4E-07 1.8E-07 6.2E-08 6.2E-07 1.6E-05 1.4E-06 4.8E-06 4.5E-06 3.7E-06 1.2E-05 2.8E-07 2.0E-07 2.0E-07 1.9E-08 1.8E-08 4.0E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.3E-06 4.4E-05 6.2E-06 6.2E-06 1.6E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-05 6.6E-04 2.7E-03 6.2E-05 NA 8.0E-05 5.2E-03 2.2E-02 2.2E-02 2.2E-02 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.5.RME Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment.

1.3E+00

TABLE 7.7.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.7E-01 7.2E-02 3.2E-01 3.8E-01 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 2.9E-06 1.7E-06 8.0E-07 1.3E-05 1.8E-05 1.8E-05 1.8E-05 1.8E-05 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m
3

3.3E-01 9.7E-02 3.6E-01 8.9E-01

ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m


3

7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05

1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m ) 1/(ug/m3)


3

2.5E-06 2.2E-06 9.1E-07 3.0E-05 3.6E-05 3.6E-05 3.6E-05 3.6E-05

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

mg/m3

ug/m3

TABLE 7.7.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Benzo(k)fluoranthene1 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium1 Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1.4E-05 1.2E-05

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 1.6E-05 9.2E-05 1.0E-05 5.2E-07 8.2E-09 1.6E-07 6.9E-06 NA NA

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

5.8E-07

mg/kg-day

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00

mg/kg-day

7.2E-06 9.3E-06 2.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.8E-12 2.6E-07 2.7E-07 5.9E-04 5.9E-07 4.0E-07 4.4E-07 1.1E-05 1.4E-03 4.8E-05 1.2E-05 1.8E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-06 NA NA 2.8E-07 5.2E-07 NA NA 8.9E-07 NA 7.3E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.3E-04

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.7.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Benzo(k)fluoranthene1 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium1 Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1.0E-05 8.7E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 8.2E-06 4.7E-05 5.1E-06 2.6E-07 4.4E-09 8.1E-08 3.5E-06 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.0E-06 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.1E-07 3.9E-07 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.4E-07 NA 1.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.8E-05 2.0E-04 2.0E-04 2.0E-04

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.1E-07

mg/kg-day

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00

mg/kg-day

5.1E-06 6.5E-06 1.8E-05 1.1E-05 1.4E-12 2.0E-07 2.0E-07 3.2E-05 9.6E-08 2.2E-09 2.4E-08 5.9E-07 7.3E-05 2.6E-06 6.6E-07 9.9E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.7.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium1 Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.3E-07 5.0E-07 1.1E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.2E-08 5.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-08 2.8E-08 1.9E-08 2.9E-08 8.3E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.1E-10 1.6E-09 5.9E-10 3.2E-10 4.5E-07 9.6E-09 1.9E-07 1.7E-08 9.3E-08 4.6E-08 NA 8.4E-07 5.4E-07 NA NA NA 2.2E-06 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.7.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium1 Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 4.4E-09 4.2E-09 9.5E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.5E-08 4.7E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.0E-07 4.2E-08 1.5E-08 1.5E-07 3.8E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.6E-10 2.3E-09 4.5E-10 1.6E-09 2.0E-06 7.6E-07 2.6E-05 2.4E-06 2.0E-05 6.4E-06 NA 7.0E-08 3.6E-06 NA NA NA 6.1E-05 6.3E-05 6.3E-05 6.3E-05 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 3.0E-04 Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.5.RME Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment. 1. See Table 7.7.RME Supplement A for calculation of intake and cancer risk following MMOA method.

TABLE 7.7.RME Supplement A CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS FOR COPC WITH MUTAGENIC MODE OF ACTION REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult/Child

Chemical of Medium Exposure Medium Exposure Point Exposure Route Potential Concern Value

EPC Intake Units 0-2 yrs 2-6 yrs Value 6-16 years 16-30 yrs Units

Cancer Risk Calculations CSF/Unit Risk Value 0-2 yrs (ADAF=10) 2-6 yrs (ADAF=3) 6-16 yrs (ADAF=3) 16-30 yrs (ADAF=1) Units Cancer Risk

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 3.1E+01 8.5E-01 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 3.1E+01 8.5E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1.2E-06 6.9E-07 7.4E-07 3.9E-07 1.2E-06 5.1E-08 2.9E-07 8.0E-09 4.4E-07 2.5E-07 2.7E-07 1.4E-07 4.3E-07 1.9E-08 1.1E-07 2.2E-09

2.4E-06 1.4E-06 1.5E-06 7.7E-07 2.4E-06 1.0E-07 5.9E-07 1.6E-08 8.8E-07 5.0E-07 5.4E-07 2.8E-07 8.7E-07 3.7E-08 2.1E-07 4.4E-09

6.4E-07 3.7E-07 4.0E-07 2.1E-07 6.4E-07 2.7E-08 1.6E-07 4.3E-09 9.5E-07 5.5E-07 5.9E-07 3.1E-07 9.5E-07 4.1E-08 2.3E-07 4.8E-09

9.0E-07 5.2E-07 5.6E-07 2.9E-07 8.9E-07 3.8E-08 2.2E-07 6.0E-09 1.3E-06 7.6E-07 8.3E-07 4.3E-07 1.3E-06 5.7E-08 3.3E-07 6.8E-09

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 5.0E+00 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 2.0E+02

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 5.0E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 2.0E+01

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

1.6E-05 9.2E-05 1.0E-05 5.2E-07 1.6E-07 6.9E-06 4.0E-06 7.3E-08 8.2E-06 4.7E-05 5.1E-06 2.6E-07 8.1E-08 3.5E-06 2.0E-06 1.1E-06

Dermal

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 8.5E+00

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

6.3E-10 1.3E-09 1.2E-09 6.2E-10 3.1E-09 5.2E-08

1.3E-09 2.5E-09 2.3E-09 1.2E-09 6.1E-09 1.0E-07

6.8E-10 1.3E-09 1.2E-09 6.6E-10 3.3E-09 5.6E-08

9.5E-10 1.9E-09 1.7E-09 9.3E-10 4.6E-09 7.8E-08

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 5.0E+00

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 5.0E-01

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

9.6E-09 1.9E-07 1.7E-08 9.3E-08 4.6E-08 5.4E-07

Dermal

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 8.5E+00

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

4.1E-08 1.4E-07 1.3E-07 1.0E-07 3.4E-07 7.9E-09

8.2E-08 2.8E-07 2.6E-07 2.1E-07 6.8E-07 1.6E-08

8.9E-08 3.0E-07 2.8E-07 2.3E-07 7.5E-07 1.3E-08

1.2E-07 4.2E-07 3.9E-07 3.2E-07 1.0E-06 1.8E-08

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 2.0E+02

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 2.0E+01

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

7.6E-07 2.6E-05 2.4E-06 2.0E-05 6.4E-06 3.6E-06

Cancer risk = (Intake0-2 x CSF0-2) + (Intake2-6 x CSF2-6) + (Intake6-16 x CSF6-16) + (Intake16-30 x CSF16-30)

Page 43 of 96

TABLE 7.8.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 7.2E-07 5.7E-07 2.6E-10 2.4E-05 2.6E-05 4.1E-06 1.2E-05 7.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.4E-07 2.0E-07 4.0E-05 4.9E-05 NA 6.1E-06 NA NA 9.6E-05 9.6E-05 9.6E-05 2.1E-06 1.7E-06 7.5E-10 7.1E-05 7.6E-05 1.2E-05 3.5E-05 2.1E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 3.4E-03 NA NA 3.8E+00 4.0E-02 3.5E-01 4.2E-02 4.2E+00 4.2E+00 4.2E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 6.4E-11 4.8E-06 5.1E-06 1.1E-05 8.0E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 9.9E-06 9.6E-06 NA NA NA 2.0E-05 2.0E-05 2.0E-05 1.9E-10 1.5E-05 1.5E-05 6.4E-06 4.7E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 7.7E-01 6.4E-02 9.4E-03 8.5E-01 8.5E-01 8.5E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.8.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.2E-06 9.5E-07 7.3E-07 2.1E-06 1.4E-06 2.6E-06 7.9E-10 6.8E-05 7.6E-05 2.8E-06 3.8E-05 4.1E-04 1.7E-04 1.5E-05 7.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.3E-07 1.5E-05 2.5E-07 5.1E-07 4.8E-07 9.0E-07 1.2E-04 1.4E-04 NA 4.2E-06 1.9E-05 NA NA NA NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 3.0E-04 3.6E-06 2.8E-06 2.1E-06 6.2E-06 4.1E-06 7.7E-06 2.3E-09 2.0E-04 2.2E-04 8.2E-06 1.1E-04 1.2E-03 5.1E-04 4.2E-05 2.3E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.2E-03 5.6E-02 4.2E-03 NA NA 1.5E-02 NA NA 1.1E+01 2.7E-02 3.6E-02 3.0E-02 2.5E-02 4.2E-01 4.6E-02 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.2E+01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.8.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 8.7E-07 1.3E-06 7.2E-07 4.4E-07 1.1E-06 5.7E-10 1.6E-05 1.9E-05 1.5E-05 1.1E-03 1.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 6.3E-07 9.7E-06 5.3E-07 3.2E-06 8.1E-07 8.9E-05 3.2E-05 NA 2.2E-05 NA NA 1.6E-04 1.6E-04 1.6E-04 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 4.2E-04 1.6E-04 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 2.5E-06 3.9E-06 2.1E-06 1.3E-06 3.3E-06 1.7E-09 4.7E-05 5.5E-05 4.3E-05 3.4E-03 4.1E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.7E+00 1.4E-01 8.4E-02 4.1E-01 3.4E+00 3.4E+00 3.4E+00 1.7E+01 3.4E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

TABLE 7.9.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.4E-07 1.2E-07 5.2E-11 4.9E-06 5.2E-06 8.2E-07 2.4E-06 1.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.9E-08 3.9E-08 8.1E-06 9.8E-06 NA 1.2E-06 NA NA 1.9E-05 1.9E-05 1.9E-05 1.7E-06 1.3E-06 6.0E-10 5.7E-05 6.1E-05 9.5E-06 2.8E-05 1.7E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 2.7E-03 NA NA 3.0E+00 3.2E-02 2.8E-01 3.4E-02 3.4E+00 3.4E+00 3.4E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.3E-11 1.0E-06 1.1E-06 4.4E-07 3.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.1E-06 2.0E-06 NA NA NA 4.1E-06 4.1E-06 4.1E-06 1.6E-10 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 5.1E-06 3.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 6.2E-01 5.1E-02 7.5E-03 6.8E-01 6.8E-01 6.8E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.9.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.5E-07 1.9E-07 1.5E-07 4.3E-07 2.8E-07 5.3E-07 1.6E-10 1.4E-05 1.5E-05 5.6E-07 5.0E-06 2.5E-06 8.3E-05 3.5E-05 2.9E-06 1.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.7E-08 3.1E-06 5.1E-08 1.0E-07 9.6E-08 1.8E-07 2.5E-05 2.7E-05 NA 8.4E-07 7.5E-06 1.3E-06 NA NA NA NA 6.5E-05 6.5E-05 6.5E-05 9.7E-04 4.1E-04 3.4E-05 1.8E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.4E-02 2.0E-02 3.4E-01 3.7E-02 9.4E+00 9.4E+00 9.4E+00 2.9E-06 2.2E-06 1.7E-06 5.0E-06 3.3E-06 6.2E-06 1.9E-09 1.6E-04 1.8E-04 6.6E-06 8.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.8E-03 4.5E-02 3.4E-03 NA NA 1.2E-02 NA NA 8.9E+00 2.2E-02 2.9E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.9.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (16-18)* Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.2E-07 5.8E-08 1.8E-07 8.9E-08 9.6E-08 4.8E-08 5.9E-08 3.0E-08 1.5E-07 7.5E-08 1.1E-10 3.2E-06 3.7E-06 3.0E-06 2.3E-04 2.8E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.5E-07 4.2E-08 3.9E-06 6.5E-07 2.1E-07 3.5E-08 1.3E-06 2.2E-07 3.3E-07 5.4E-08 1.8E-05 6.5E-06 NA 4.4E-06 NA NA 3.6E-05 3.6E-05 3.6E-05 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 8.9E-05 3.6E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 1.3E-09 3.8E-05 4.4E-05 3.4E-05 2.7E-03 3.3E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.2E+00 1.1E-01 6.7E-02 3.3E-01 2.7E+00 2.7E+00 2.7E+00 1.3E+01 2.7E+00 2.6E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.0E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.7E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab Notes-

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-16 year old for exposure duration of 4 years, ADAF of 1 used to adjust CSF for 16-18 year old for exposure duration of 2 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 12-16 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. NA = Not available / Not applicable.

TABLE 7.10.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.9E-07 2.3E-07 1.0E-10 9.9E-06 1.1E-05 1.6E-06 4.8E-06 2.9E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 9.9E-08 7.9E-08 1.6E-05 2.0E-05 NA 2.5E-06 NA NA 3.9E-05 3.9E-05 3.9E-05 3.4E-06 2.7E-06 1.2E-09 1.2E-04 1.2E-04 1.9E-05 5.6E-05 3.4E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.4E-03 NA NA 6.1E+00 6.4E-02 5.6E-01 6.8E-02 6.8E+00 6.8E+00 6.8E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.7E-11 2.0E-06 2.1E-06 8.8E-07 6.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.2E-06 4.0E-06 NA NA NA 8.2E-06 8.2E-06 8.2E-06 3.1E-10 2.4E-05 2.5E-05 1.0E-05 7.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 1.2E+00 1.0E-01 1.5E-02 1.4E+00 1.4E+00 1.4E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.10.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 5.0E-07 3.8E-07 2.9E-07 8.6E-07 5.7E-07 1.1E-06 3.2E-10 2.8E-05 3.1E-05 1.1E-06 5.1E-06 1.0E-05 1.7E-04 7.0E-05 5.9E-06 3.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.7E-07 6.2E-06 1.0E-07 2.1E-07 1.9E-07 3.6E-07 5.0E-05 5.5E-05 NA 1.7E-06 2.5E-05 1.5E-05 NA NA NA NA 1.5E-04 1.5E-04 1.5E-04 2.0E-03 8.2E-04 6.9E-05 3.7E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.9E-02 4.1E-02 6.9E-01 7.4E-02 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 5.8E-06 4.5E-06 3.4E-06 1.0E-05 6.6E-06 1.2E-05 3.7E-09 3.2E-04 3.6E-04 1.3E-05 1.8E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.2E-02 9.0E-02 6.9E-03 NA NA 2.5E-02 NA NA 1.8E+01 4.4E-02 5.9E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.10.RME CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (2-6)* Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.2E-07 2.3E-07 1.8E-07 3.6E-07 9.7E-08 1.9E-07 6.0E-08 1.2E-07 1.5E-07 3.0E-07 2.3E-10 6.5E-06 7.6E-06 6.0E-06 4.7E-04 5.7E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.6E+05 2.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.6E-07 5.1E-07 1.3E-05 7.9E-06 7.1E-07 4.3E-07 4.4E-06 2.6E-06 1.1E-06 6.6E-07 3.6E-05 1.3E-05 NA 9.0E-06 NA NA 9.0E-05 9.0E-05 9.0E-05 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 2.0E-04 9.0E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 2.7E-09 7.6E-05 8.9E-05 7.0E-05 5.4E-03 6.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 4.4E+00 2.3E-01 1.4E-01 6.6E-01 5.5E+00 5.5E+00 5.5E+00 2.7E+01 5.5E+00 5.3E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.4E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 6.3E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 4.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-6 year old for exposure duration of 4 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA.

TABLE 7.1.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

2.0E-07 6.9E-08 5.8E-08 6.2E-08 3.5E-08 1.8E-08 1.4E-07 3.4E-09 2.7E-07 2.7E-08 1.9E-09 2.9E-07 2.2E-14 2.9E-09 2.9E-09 8.7E-06 9.8E-09 5.2E-09 5.1E-08 7.0E-09 1.9E-07 2.2E-05 1.0E-06 1.7E-07 2.7E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 5.1E-08 4.3E-07 4.5E-08 2.6E-09 2.5E-10 1.0E-09 2.5E-08 NA 1.9E-08 NA NA 3.4E-09 2.9E-09 NA NA 1.5E-08 NA 2.5E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.2E-07

4.7E-06 1.6E-06 1.4E-06 1.4E-06 8.2E-07 4.2E-07 3.2E-06 7.9E-08 6.3E-06 6.2E-07 4.3E-08 6.7E-06 5.1E-13 6.7E-08 6.9E-08 2.0E-04 2.3E-07 1.2E-07 1.2E-06 1.6E-07 4.5E-06 5.1E-04 2.4E-05 4.0E-06 6.4E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

7.8E-05 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.1E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.6E-04 NA 2.2E-06 2.2E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.4E-03 2.0E-04 7.6E-04 1.2E-04 4.0E-04 5.5E-04 1.1E-04 7.3E-04 NA 2.9E-05 1.3E-04 6.9E-03

TABLE 7.1.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.2E-06 7.5E-07 6.3E-07 6.7E-07 3.8E-07 1.5E-07 1.5E-06 3.6E-08 2.9E-06 2.9E-07 2.0E-08 3.1E-06 2.5E-13 3.3E-08 3.4E-08 7.2E-06 2.4E-08 4.4E-10 4.2E-08 5.8E-09 1.6E-07 1.8E-05 8.5E-07 1.4E-07 2.3E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 5.5E-07 4.6E-06 4.9E-07 2.8E-08 2.1E-09 1.1E-08 2.7E-07 NA 2.1E-07 NA NA 4.0E-08 3.3E-08 NA NA 3.7E-08 NA 8.5E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 7.1E-06 7.7E-06 7.7E-06 7.7E-06 5.0E-05 1.7E-05 1.5E-05 1.6E-05 8.9E-06 3.5E-06 3.5E-05 8.5E-07 6.8E-05 6.7E-06 4.7E-07 7.3E-05 5.9E-12 7.7E-07 8.0E-07 1.7E-04 5.7E-07 1.0E-08 9.9E-07 1.4E-07 3.7E-06 4.2E-04 2.0E-05 3.3E-06 5.3E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 8.4E-04 NA NA NA NA 1.8E-04 NA NA 1.7E-03 NA 2.3E-05 2.4E-03 NA NA 4.0E-02 1.7E-04 1.9E-03 4.1E-04 1.3E-02 4.5E-04 9.3E-05 6.0E-04 NA 3.5E-03 1.1E-04 6.5E-02 7.2E-02 7.2E-02 7.2E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.1.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.4E-08 2.2E-07 9.4E-07 4.3E-07 2.5E-07 1.9E-07 1.0E-08 1.9E-08 8.8E-08 2.1E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.3E-09 1.6E-07 6.8E-06 3.1E-07 3.5E-09 1.4E-07 1.5E-08 3.9E-07 NA NA 7.9E-06 7.9E-06 7.9E-06 7.9E-06 5.7E-07 5.1E-06 2.2E-05 1.0E-05 5.8E-06 4.4E-06 2.4E-07 4.5E-07 2.0E-06 4.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.4E-04 NA NA NA 2.9E-04 NA 7.9E-04 6.0E-03 5.1E-05 9.8E-05 7.4E-03 8.8E-03 8.8E-03 8.8E-03 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.6E-09 1.9E-10 4.7E-10 2.1E-10 1.7E-09 9.4E-11 1.4E-08 1.3E-08 1.2E-07 2.9E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-01 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.7E-11 1.4E-10 3.4E-09 1.5E-10 2.4E-11 6.8E-11 2.1E-08 6.7E-09 NA NA 3.2E-08 3.7E-08 4.4E-09 1.1E-08 4.9E-09 4.1E-08 2.2E-09 3.3E-07 3.1E-07 2.8E-06 6.8E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 9.3E-06 NA NA NA 2.0E-06 NA 1.1E-03 1.0E-04 7.1E-05 1.4E-04 1.4E-03

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.1.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 4.2E-10 5.9E-10 4.0E-10 6.2E-10 1.7E-08 7.4E-11 1.5E-10 1.3E-10 7.2E-11 3.5E-10 2.6E-10 1.2E-08 6.0E-09 2.8E-09 1.1E-08 2.4E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.3E-12 3.3E-11 1.2E-11 6.8E-12 9.3E-09 5.4E-11 1.1E-09 9.8E-11 5.2E-10 2.6E-10 NA 1.8E-08 3.0E-09 NA NA NA 3.2E-08 9.8E-09 1.4E-08 9.2E-09 1.4E-08 4.0E-07 1.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.1E-09 1.7E-09 8.3E-09 6.0E-09 2.7E-07 1.4E-07 6.4E-08 2.5E-07 5.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.4E-07 3.5E-06 9.2E-07 1.4E-07 4.0E-05 NA NA NA NA NA 3.0E-07 9.2E-04 4.7E-05 2.1E-04 NA 1.1E-04 1.3E-03

TABLE 7.1.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.6E-08 9.1E-09 3.4E-09 3.5E-08 9.5E-07 8.6E-08 2.9E-07 2.7E-07 2.2E-07 7.2E-07 1.6E-08 8.5E-09 8.7E-09 8.0E-10 7.6E-10 1.7E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.4E-10 5.0E-10 1.1E-10 3.8E-10 5.1E-07 6.3E-08 2.1E-06 2.0E-07 1.6E-06 5.3E-07 NA 1.3E-08 1.7E-07 NA NA NA 5.2E-06 5.3E-06 5.3E-06 5.3E-06 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 1.6E-05
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

6.0E-07 2.1E-07 8.0E-08 8.1E-07 2.2E-05 2.0E-06 6.8E-06 6.4E-06 5.2E-06 1.7E-05 3.7E-07 2.0E-07 2.0E-07 1.9E-08 1.8E-08 4.0E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

8.6E-06 5.3E-05 8.0E-06 8.1E-06 2.2E-03 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.8E-05 6.6E-04 2.7E-03 6.2E-05 NA 8.0E-05 5.8E-03 7.2E-03 7.2E-03 7.2E-03 8.1E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement B. Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, and maximum of dry event and wet event surface water

TABLE 7.1.CTE Supplement A Calculation of Daevent Dry Event Recreational Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 1.5E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 2.5E-02 1.0E+00 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 1.0E-03 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 5.1E-02 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 1.9E-01 6.7E+00 NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 2.9E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 1.7E+01 3.8E+00 NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 7.0E-01 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 4.0E+01 1.7E+01 NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 8.0E-01 6.0E-01 NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 6.2E-08 5.6E-07 2.4E-06 1.1E-06 6.3E-07 4.9E-07 2.6E-08 4.9E-08 2.2E-07 5.3E-08

Eq 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.1.CTE Supplement B Calculation of Daevent Wet Event Recreational Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 4.2E-02 1.5E-02 6.8E-03 4.9E-02 3.3E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.5E+00 1.0E+00 4.7E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 4.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 2.0E-01 5.1E-02 2.9E-02 2.0E-01 1.7E-01 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 9.7E+00 6.7E+00 2.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 7.1E-01 2.9E-01 5.0E-01 4.2E-01 9.1E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 3.9E+00 3.8E+00 5.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 1.7E+00 7.0E-01 1.2E+00 1.0E+00 2.2E+00 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.8E+01 1.7E+01 1.3E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 1.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 6.6E-08 2.3E-08 8.7E-09 8.9E-08 2.4E-06 2.2E-07 7.4E-07 6.9E-07 5.6E-07 1.8E-06 4.0E-08 2.2E-08 2.2E-08 2.0E-09 1.9E-09 4.4E-08

Eq 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1

Inorganics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = Kp x CW x tevent x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 1) Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.2.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

2.5E-07 8.5E-08 7.2E-08 7.6E-08 4.3E-08 2.2E-08 1.7E-07 4.1E-09 3.3E-07 3.3E-08 2.3E-09 3.5E-07 2.7E-14 3.5E-09 3.6E-09 1.1E-05 1.2E-08 6.4E-09 6.3E-08 8.6E-09 2.4E-07 2.7E-05 1.3E-06 2.1E-07 3.4E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 NA 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 1.9E-07 1.6E-06 1.7E-07 9.5E-09 3.1E-10 3.7E-09 9.1E-08 NA 7.2E-08 NA NA 4.2E-09 3.5E-09 NA NA 1.8E-08 NA 9.4E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.2E-06

5.7E-06 2.0E-06 1.7E-06 1.8E-06 1.0E-06 5.2E-07 4.0E-06 9.7E-08 7.7E-06 7.6E-07 5.3E-08 8.3E-06 6.3E-13 8.2E-08 8.4E-08 2.5E-04 2.8E-07 1.5E-07 1.5E-06 2.0E-07 5.5E-06 6.2E-04 2.9E-05 4.9E-06 7.8E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

9.5E-05 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.6E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.9E-04 NA 2.7E-06 2.8E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.2E-03 2.5E-04 9.4E-04 1.5E-04 4.9E-04 6.7E-04 1.4E-04 8.9E-04 NA 3.5E-05 1.6E-04 8.5E-03

TABLE 7.2.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.7E-06 9.3E-07 7.8E-07 8.2E-07 4.7E-07 1.9E-07 1.8E-06 4.5E-08 3.6E-06 3.6E-07 2.5E-08 3.9E-06 3.2E-13 4.1E-08 4.2E-08 8.9E-06 3.0E-08 5.4E-10 5.2E-08 7.2E-09 2.0E-07 2.2E-05 1.0E-06 1.8E-07 2.8E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 NA 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 6.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 2.0E-06 1.7E-05 1.8E-06 1.0E-07 2.6E-09 4.0E-08 9.9E-07 NA 7.8E-07 NA NA 4.9E-08 4.1E-08 NA NA 4.5E-08 NA 3.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.6E-05 2.8E-05 2.8E-05 2.8E-05 6.2E-05 2.2E-05 1.8E-05 1.9E-05 1.1E-05 4.4E-06 4.3E-05 1.1E-06 8.4E-05 8.3E-06 5.8E-07 9.0E-05 7.4E-12 9.6E-07 9.9E-07 2.1E-04 7.1E-07 1.3E-08 1.2E-06 1.7E-07 4.6E-06 5.2E-04 2.4E-05 4.1E-06 6.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.0E-03 NA NA NA NA 2.2E-04 NA NA 2.1E-03 NA 2.9E-05 3.0E-03 NA NA 4.9E-02 2.1E-04 2.4E-03 5.0E-04 1.6E-02 5.6E-04 1.2E-04 7.5E-04 NA 4.3E-03 1.3E-04 8.1E-02 8.9E-02 8.9E-02 8.9E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.2.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.6E-08 2.4E-07 1.0E-06 4.6E-07 2.7E-07 2.0E-07 1.1E-08 2.1E-08 9.4E-08 2.2E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 6.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.4E-09 5.2E-07 2.2E-05 1.0E-06 3.7E-09 4.5E-07 1.6E-08 1.2E-06 NA NA 2.5E-05 2.5E-05 2.5E-05 2.5E-05 6.1E-07 5.5E-06 2.4E-05 1.1E-05 6.2E-06 4.8E-06 2.5E-07 4.8E-07 2.2E-06 5.2E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.5E-04 NA NA NA 3.1E-04 NA 8.5E-04 6.5E-03 5.5E-05 1.0E-04 7.9E-03 9.7E-03 9.7E-03 9.7E-03 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.9E-09 2.3E-10 5.7E-10 2.6E-10 2.1E-09 1.1E-10 1.7E-08 1.6E-08 1.5E-07 3.6E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA 6.5E-08 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.1E-10 5.1E-10 1.3E-08 5.7E-10 3.0E-11 2.5E-10 2.6E-08 2.5E-08 4.5E-08 5.4E-09 1.3E-08 6.1E-09 5.0E-08 2.7E-09 4.0E-07 3.8E-07 3.5E-06 8.3E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-05 NA NA NA 2.5E-06 NA 1.3E-03 1.3E-04 8.7E-05 1.7E-04 1.7E-03

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.2.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.1E-10 7.3E-10 4.9E-10 7.6E-10 2.1E-08 9.1E-11 1.8E-10 1.6E-10 8.8E-11 4.4E-10 3.2E-10 1.4E-08 7.4E-09 3.4E-09 1.3E-08 2.9E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.8E-12 4.0E-11 1.5E-11 8.3E-12 1.1E-08 2.0E-10 3.9E-09 3.6E-10 1.9E-09 9.5E-10 NA 2.2E-08 1.1E-08 NA NA NA 5.2E-08 1.2E-08 1.7E-08 1.1E-08 1.8E-08 5.0E-07 2.1E-09 4.2E-09 3.8E-09 2.1E-09 1.0E-08 7.4E-09 3.4E-07 1.7E-07 7.9E-08 3.0E-07 6.8E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.7E-07 4.2E-06 1.1E-06 1.8E-07 5.0E-05 NA NA NA NA NA 3.7E-07 1.1E-03 5.8E-05 2.6E-04 NA 1.4E-04 1.6E-03

TABLE 7.2.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.8E-08 9.8E-09 3.7E-09 3.7E-08 1.0E-06 9.3E-08 3.1E-07 2.9E-07 2.4E-07 7.8E-07 1.7E-08 9.1E-09 9.4E-09 8.6E-10 8.2E-10 1.8E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 6.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.5E-10 5.4E-10 1.1E-10 4.1E-10 5.5E-07 2.0E-07 6.9E-06 6.4E-07 5.2E-06 1.7E-06 NA 1.4E-08 5.6E-07 NA NA NA 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 5.4E-05
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

6.5E-07 2.3E-07 8.6E-08 8.7E-07 2.4E-05 2.2E-06 7.3E-06 6.8E-06 5.6E-06 1.8E-05 4.0E-07 2.1E-07 2.2E-07 2.0E-08 1.9E-08 4.3E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

9.3E-06 5.7E-05 8.6E-06 8.7E-06 2.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.0E-05 7.1E-04 2.9E-03 6.7E-05 NA 8.6E-05 6.3E-03 7.9E-03 7.9E-03 7.9E-03 9.9E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-15 year old for exposure duration of 3 years, the CTE exposure duration for an adolescent. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement B.
Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, and maximum of dry event and wet event surface water

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion

Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

1.9E-06 4.3E-07 2.2E-07 3.6E-07 1.8E-07 3.8E-07 1.9E-07 2.2E-07 1.1E-07 1.7E-07 8.6E-07 4.3E-07 2.1E-08 1.0E-08 2.5E-06 1.7E-07 8.3E-08 1.7E-08 2.7E-06 2.0E-13 2.7E-08 2.7E-08 8.1E-05 9.2E-08 4.9E-08 3.2E-07 1.6E-07 6.6E-08 1.8E-06 2.0E-04 9.5E-06 1.6E-06 2.5E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA 3.1E-06 4.7E-07 2.6E-05 4.0E-06 2.8E-06 4.2E-07 1.6E-07 2.4E-08 2.4E-09 6.3E-08 9.4E-09 1.5E-06 2.3E-07 NA 1.2E-06 1.8E-07 NA NA 3.2E-08 2.7E-08 NA NA 1.4E-07 NA 1.6E-06 2.4E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.3E-05

4.3E-05 1.5E-05 1.3E-05 1.3E-05 7.7E-06 4.0E-06 3.0E-05 7.3E-07 5.9E-05 5.8E-06 4.0E-07 6.3E-05 4.8E-12 6.2E-07 6.4E-07 1.9E-03 2.1E-06 1.1E-06 1.1E-05 1.5E-06 4.2E-05 4.7E-03 2.2E-04 3.7E-05 5.9E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day

7.2E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

2.0E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day

1.5E-03 NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.0E-05 2.1E-03 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.2E-02 1.9E-03 7.1E-03 1.1E-03 3.7E-03 5.1E-03 1.0E-03 6.8E-03 NA 2.7E-04 1.2E-03 6.5E-02

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal

Dermal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total 3.7E+02 1.3E+02 1.3E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 1.1E+02 6.5E+01 6.5E+01 3.3E+01 2.5E+02 2.5E+02 6.2E+00 6.2E+00 5.0E+02 4.9E+01 4.9E+01 3.4E+00 5.3E+02 4.0E-05 5.2E+00 5.4E+00 1.6E+04 1.8E+01 9.6E+00 9.4E+01 9.4E+01 1.3E+01 3.5E+02 4.0E+04 1.9E+03 3.1E+02 5.0E+01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.7E-06 6.3E-07 3.1E-07 5.3E-07 2.6E-07 5.6E-07 2.8E-07 3.2E-07 1.6E-07 1.9E-07 1.2E-06 6.2E-07 3.1E-08 1.5E-08 3.7E-06 2.4E-07 1.2E-07 2.5E-08 3.9E-06 3.2E-13 4.2E-08 4.3E-08 9.1E-06 3.1E-08 5.5E-10 3.6E-08 1.8E-08 7.4E-09 2.0E-07 2.3E-05 1.1E-06 1.8E-07 2.9E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E-01 2.2E-01 1.4E-02 7.3E-02 2.2E-02 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 NA 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) NA 4.6E-06 6.9E-07 3.9E-05 5.8E-06 4.1E-06 6.1E-07 2.3E-07 3.5E-08 2.7E-09 9.1E-08 1.4E-08 2.2E-06 3.3E-07 NA 1.8E-06 2.6E-07 NA NA 5.0E-08 4.2E-08 NA NA 4.6E-08 NA 7.1E-06 1.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.8E-05 1.1E-04 1.1E-04 1.7E-07 4.7E-06 5.3E-04 2.5E-05 4.2E-06 6.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 9.6E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.7E-04 1.2E-04 7.6E-04 NA 4.3E-03 1.3E-04 8.2E-02 1.5E-01 1.5E-01 5.9E-07 9.1E-05 7.5E-12 9.7E-07 1.0E-06 2.1E-04 7.2E-07 1.3E-08 1.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.9E-05 3.0E-03 NA NA 5.0E-02 2.1E-04 2.4E-03 5.1E-04 1.7E-02 8.6E-05 8.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 2.1E-03 NA 1.1E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 4.4E-06 4.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 2.2E-04 NA 1.1E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.8E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 6.3E-05 2.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 1.1E-03 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units 1.1E-04 Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units 1.5E-01 Hazard Quotient

Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event)

Ingestion Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total Dermal Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Copper Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 4.2E-08 2.5E-07 1.3E-07 1.1E-06 5.3E-07 4.9E-07 2.5E-07 4.2E-07 2.2E-07 1.1E-07 1.7E-08 2.2E-08 1.1E-08 1.5E-07 3.6E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.3E-09 1.8E-06 2.8E-07 7.8E-05 1.2E-05 3.6E-06 5.4E-07 5.9E-09 1.6E-06 2.4E-07 2.6E-08 4.4E-06 6.6E-07 NA NA 1.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-04 3.5E-06 8.4E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 8.8E-05 1.7E-04 1.3E-02 1.9E-02 1.9E-02 1.9E-02 4.1E-07 7.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.4E-03 1.0E-02 9.9E-06 7.6E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 4.9E-04 NA 1.7E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 3.7E-05 mg/kg-day NA NA 9.7E-07 8.8E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 2.4E-04 NA 2.2E+00 2.7E-01 2.7E-01 6.6E-01 6.6E-01 3.0E-01 3.0E-01 2.5E+00 1.3E-01 1.3E-01 2.0E+01 1.9E+01 1.9E+01 1.7E+02 4.1E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 7.4E-09 5.9E-10 2.9E-10 1.5E-09 7.3E-10 6.6E-10 3.3E-10 8.1E-09 2.9E-10 1.5E-10 6.6E-08 4.2E-08 2.1E-08 5.7E-07 1.4E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.5E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.4E-02 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA 4.7E-07 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.1E-10 4.3E-09 6.4E-10 1.1E-07 1.6E-08 4.8E-09 7.2E-10 1.1E-10 2.1E-09 3.2E-10 9.9E-08 2.1E-07 3.1E-08 1.3E-05 3.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.3E-04 6.3E-04 6.6E-03 1.5E-06 1.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.1E-03 4.9E-04 1.9E-07 1.0E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day 9.5E-06 NA 2.3E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 5.1E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.7E-07 2.1E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-03 NA mg/kg-day 4.3E-05 NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 2.0E-09 2.8E-09 1.8E-09 2.9E-09 8.1E-08 2.3E-10 1.1E-10 4.5E-10 2.3E-10 4.2E-10 2.1E-10 2.2E-10 1.1E-10 1.1E-09 5.5E-10 1.2E-09 5.5E-08 1.9E-08 9.4E-09 1.3E-08 4.9E-08 1.1E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.1E-11 1.5E-10 5.7E-11 3.2E-11 4.4E-08 1.7E-09 2.5E-10 3.3E-08 4.9E-09 3.0E-09 4.6E-10 1.6E-08 2.4E-09 8.0E-09 1.2E-09 NA 8.2E-08 9.4E-08 1.4E-08 NA NA NA 3.1E-07 3.0E-07 1.1E-06 2.6E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.0E-03 NA 5.2E-04 6.2E-03 2.8E-08 1.3E-06 6.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.4E-06 4.3E-03 2.2E-04 3.9E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 7.8E-09 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.5E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.6E-08 mg/kg-day NA NA 4.6E-08 6.4E-08 4.3E-08 6.7E-08 1.9E-06 8.0E-09 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 6.5E-07 1.6E-05 4.3E-06 6.7E-07 1.9E-04 NA

TABLE 7.3.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event)

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 4.4E-08 1.6E-08 5.9E-09 6.0E-08 1.6E-06 9.8E-08 1.7E-07 3.3E-07 1.6E-07 3.1E-07 1.3E-07 2.5E-07 4.1E-07 8.2E-07 9.0E-09 2.7E-08 1.4E-08 9.9E-09 4.5E-10 1.4E-09 1.3E-09 2.9E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+02 6.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.4E-10 8.5E-10 1.8E-10 6.6E-10 8.8E-07 7.2E-07 3.6E-07 2.4E-05 3.4E-06 2.3E-06 2.8E-07 1.8E-05 9.0E-06 6.0E-06 2.0E-08 NA 2.2E-08 2.0E-06 2.7E-08 NA NA NA 6.8E-05 6.8E-05 6.8E-05 6.8E-05 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 2.1E-04
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1.0E-06 3.6E-07 1.4E-07 1.4E-06 3.8E-05 3.4E-06 1.2E-05 1.1E-05 8.8E-06 2.9E-05 6.3E-07 3.4E-07 3.5E-07 3.2E-08 3.0E-08 6.8E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.5E-05 9.1E-05 1.4E-05 1.4E-05 3.8E-03 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.2E-05 1.1E-03 4.6E-03 1.1E-04 NA 1.4E-04 1.0E-02 1.6E-02 1.6E-02 1.6E-02 1.7E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-3 year old for exposure duration of 1 year, for a total CTE exposure duration of 3 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. DAevent for surface water from dry event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement A. DAevent for surface water from wet event calculated on Table 7.1.CTE Supplement B. Total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, and maximum of dry event and wet event surface water

TABLE 7.4.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 8.1E-04 1.6E-04 7.0E-04 8.3E-04 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 2.7E-02 1.6E-03 7.0E-04 2.8E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m
3

7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05

1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m ) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00


3

7.1E-04 2.1E-04 7.9E-04 1.9E-03

mg/m3 mg/m
3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.4E-02 2.2E-03 7.9E-04 6.5E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01

mg/m3 mg/m3

mg/m3 mg/m3

TABLE 7.4.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

3.2E-06 2.7E-06 1.1E-06 6.4E-07 7.0E-07 3.6E-07 1.3E-07 1.1E-06 4.8E-08 1.6E-06 2.0E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.9E-04 4.5E-05 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

6.4E-06 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-05 5.1E-05 NA 2.9E-04 1.1E-04 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day)

2.8E-07 5.8E-06 3.4E-06

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

4.0E-13 5.7E-08 5.8E-08 1.3E-04

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.9E-03 1.3E-04 4.3E-04 8.8E-05 2.5E-04 3.2E-04 6.0E-05 4.2E-04 NA 1.9E-05 8.1E-05 6.1E-03

1/(mg/kg-day)

1.3E-07 8.8E-08 7.4E-07 9.7E-08 2.4E-06 3.0E-04 1.1E-05 2.7E-06 4.0E-07 0.0E+00

TABLE 7.4.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

9.3E-06 8.1E-06 3.3E-06 1.9E-06 2.1E-06 1.1E-06 2.9E-07 3.3E-06 1.4E-07 4.7E-06 6.0E-06 8.2E-07 1.7E-05 1.0E-05 1.3E-12 1.8E-07 1.9E-07 2.9E-05 8.9E-08 2.0E-09 1.7E-07 2.2E-08 5.5E-07 6.7E-05 2.4E-06 6.1E-07 9.2E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.3E-03 1.3E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

1.5E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.2E-04 1.5E-04 NA 8.5E-04 3.4E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

9.3E-03 2.9E-05 3.0E-04 8.0E-05 2.3E-03 7.4E-05 1.4E-05 9.6E-05 NA 8.8E-07 1.8E-05 1.6E-02 2.2E-02 2.2E-02 2.2E-02

TABLE 7.4.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 3.4E-09 4.8E-09 3.2E-09 5.0E-09 1.4E-07 6.0E-10 1.2E-09 1.1E-09 5.8E-10 2.9E-09 2.1E-09 9.5E-08 4.9E-08 2.2E-08 8.5E-08 1.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.8E-08 1.2E-06 3.2E-07 5.0E-08 1.4E-05 NA NA NA NA NA 1.0E-07 3.2E-04 1.6E-05 7.4E-05 NA 3.8E-05 4.6E-04

TABLE 7.4.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 0.0E+00
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

6.6E-08 2.3E-08 8.7E-09 8.9E-08 2.4E-06 2.2E-07 7.4E-07 7.0E-07 5.7E-07 1.8E-06 4.1E-08 2.2E-08 2.2E-08 2.0E-09 1.9E-09 4.4E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

9.4E-07 5.8E-06 8.7E-07 8.9E-07 2.4E-04 NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.0E-06 7.2E-05 3.0E-04 6.8E-06 NA 8.8E-06 6.4E-04 1.1E-03 1.1E-03 1.1E-03 7.0E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.4.CTE Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 7.4.CTE Supplement A Calculation of Daevent Wet Event Residential Scenario Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Chemical of Potential Concern 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium

Water Permeability Concentration Coefficient (CW) (Kp) (g/L) (cm/hr) 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 4.2E-02 1.5E-02 6.8E-03 4.9E-02 3.3E-02 4.7E-01 7.0E-01 7.0E-01 1.5E+00 1.0E+00 4.7E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-03 4.0E-04 1.0E-04 1.0E-03

B (dimensionless) 2.0E-01 5.1E-02 2.9E-02 2.0E-01 1.7E-01 2.8E+00 4.3E+00 4.3E+00 9.7E+00 6.7E+00 2.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

Lag Time (event) (hr) 7.1E-01 2.9E-01 5.0E-01 4.2E-01 9.1E-01 2.0E+00 2.7E+00 2.8E+00 3.9E+00 3.8E+00 5.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA

t* (hr) 1.7E+00 7.0E-01 1.2E+00 1.0E+00 2.2E+00 8.5E+00 1.2E+01 1.2E+01 1.8E+01 1.7E+01 1.3E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Fraction Absorbed Water (FA) (dimensionless) 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 1.0E+00 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 1.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA

Duration of Event (tevent) (hr) 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

DAevent (mg/cm2-event) 6.6E-08 2.3E-08 8.7E-09 8.9E-08 2.4E-06 2.2E-07 7.4E-07 6.9E-07 5.6E-07 1.8E-06 4.0E-08 2.2E-08 2.2E-08 2.0E-09 1.9E-09 4.4E-08

Eq 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1

Organics: DAevent (mg/cm2-event) = If tevent<t*, then DAevent = 2 x FA x Kp x CW x (sqrt((6 x event x tevent)/)) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 2) If tevent>t*, then DAevent =
FA x Kp x CW x ( tevent/(1+B) + 2 x event x ((1 + 3xB + 3xB2)/(1+B)2) x 0.001 mg/g x 0.001 l/cm3 (eq 3)

Notes: NA - Not applicable Permeability constants and other input parameter values from EPA 2004, Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment - Final). EPA/540/R/99/005. The default value of 0.001 was assigned to inorganics not listed in this document. B - Dimensionless ratio of the permeability coefficient of a compound through the stratum corneum relative to its permeability coefficient across the viable epidermis (dimensionless). t* - Time to reach steady-state

TABLE 7.5.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 8.1E-04 1.6E-04 7.0E-04 8.3E-04 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 2.7E-02 1.6E-03 7.0E-04 2.8E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01 3.1E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m
3

7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05

1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m ) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m )


3 3

7.1E-04 2.1E-04 7.9E-04 1.9E-03

mg/m3 mg/m mg/m


3

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

2.4E-02 2.2E-03 7.9E-04 6.5E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 6.7E-01

mg/m3 mg/m
3

mg/m3
3

TABLE 7.5.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

2.9E-05 2.5E-05 1.1E-05 6.0E-06 6.5E-06 3.4E-06 1.2E-06 1.0E-05 4.5E-07 1.5E-05 1.9E-05

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

7.4E-03 4.2E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

6.0E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

3.7E-04 4.7E-04 NA 2.7E-03 1.1E-03 NA NA

1/(mg/kg-day)

2.6E-06 5.4E-05 3.2E-05

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

3.7E-12 5.3E-07 5.4E-07 1.2E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.7E-02 1.2E-03 4.0E-03 8.2E-04 2.3E-03 3.0E-03 5.6E-04 3.9E-03 NA 1.8E-04 7.5E-04 5.7E-02

1/(mg/kg-day)

1.2E-06 8.2E-07 6.9E-06 9.0E-07 2.3E-05 2.8E-03 9.9E-05 2.5E-05 3.8E-06

TABLE 7.5.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

2.1E-05 1.8E-05 7.7E-06 4.4E-06 4.7E-06 2.5E-06 6.7E-07 7.6E-06 3.3E-07 1.1E-05 1.4E-05 1.9E-06 3.9E-05 2.3E-05 2.9E-12 4.1E-07 4.3E-07 6.7E-05 2.0E-07 4.6E-09 3.9E-07 5.1E-08 1.3E-06 1.5E-04 5.5E-06 1.4E-06 2.1E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

5.4E-03 3.1E-04 NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day

3.3E-05 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.7E-04 3.5E-04 NA 2.0E-03 7.7E-04 NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

2.1E-02 6.7E-05 6.8E-04 1.8E-04 5.2E-03 1.7E-04 3.2E-05 2.2E-04 NA 2.0E-06 4.2E-05 3.7E-02 9.3E-02 9.3E-02 9.3E-02

TABLE 7.5.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.6E-08 2.2E-08 1.5E-08 2.3E-08 6.5E-07 2.8E-09 5.5E-09 5.0E-09 2.7E-09 1.3E-08 9.7E-09 4.4E-07 2.3E-07 1.0E-07 4.0E-07 9.0E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.3E-07 5.6E-06 1.5E-06 2.3E-07 6.5E-05 NA NA NA NA NA 4.9E-07 1.5E-03 7.6E-05 3.5E-04 NA 1.8E-04 2.2E-03

TABLE 7.5.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.5E-07 5.3E-08 2.0E-08 2.0E-07 5.6E-06 5.1E-07 1.7E-06 1.6E-06 1.3E-06 4.2E-06 9.3E-08 5.0E-08 5.1E-08 4.7E-09 4.5E-09 1.0E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.2E-06 1.3E-05 2.0E-06 2.0E-06 5.6E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 4.6E-06 1.7E-04 6.8E-04 1.6E-05 NA 2.0E-05 1.5E-03 3.6E-03 3.6E-03 3.6E-03 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media
Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.4.CTE Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment.

7.7E-01

TABLE 7.6.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation)

Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total 1.3E-03 2.5E-04 1.1E-03 1.3E-03 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m
3

1.0E-01 2.0E-02 9.0E-02 1.1E-01

ug/m3 ug/m3 ug/m


3

7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05

1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m ) 1/(ug/m3)


3

8.1E-07 4.6E-07 2.2E-07 3.6E-06 5.1E-06 5.1E-06 5.1E-06 5.1E-06

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

mg/m3

ug/m3

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at street level (after aeration system started) Inhalation Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on 1.1E-03 3.3E-04 1.2E-03 3.0E-03 mg/m3 mg/m mg/m
3

9.1E-02 2.7E-02 1.0E-01 2.5E-01

ug/m3 ug/m ug/m


3

7.8E-06 2.3E-05 2.5E-06 3.4E-05

1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m ) 1/(ug/m3) 1/(ug/m )


3 3

7.1E-07 6.3E-07 2.6E-07 8.5E-06 1.0E-05 1.0E-05 1.0E-05 1.0E-05

3.0E-02 9.8E-02 1.0E+00 3.0E-03

mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

mg/m3
3

ug/m3
3

TABLE 7.6.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Overflow Surface Gowanus Canal Sediment associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Benzo(k)fluoranthene1 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium1 Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

2.7E-06 2.3E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 3.5E-06 2.0E-05 2.2E-06 1.1E-07 1.5E-09 3.5E-08 1.5E-06 NA NA

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 1.0E-03 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 1.4E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

1.1E-07

mg/kg-day

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00

mg/kg-day

1.3E-06 1.7E-06 4.9E-06 2.9E-06 3.4E-13 4.8E-08 4.9E-08 1.1E-04 1.1E-07 7.4E-08 8.2E-08 2.0E-06 2.5E-04 8.9E-06 2.3E-06 3.4E-07

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

8.7E-07 NA NA 5.2E-08 4.8E-08 NA NA 1.6E-07 NA 1.6E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.9E-05

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.6.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Dermal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Benzo(k)fluoranthene1 Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Chrysene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium1 Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Exp. Route Total Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

3.6E+02 3.1E+02 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.5E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 1.8E+02 2.3E+02 3.1E+01 6.6E+02 3.9E+02 4.5E-05 6.4E+00 6.6E+00 1.5E+04 1.5E+01 1.0E+01 8.5E+01 1.1E+01 2.7E+02 3.4E+04 1.2E+03 3.1E+02 4.6E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

3.0E-06 2.6E-06

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

NA NA 2.7E-06 1.5E-05 1.6E-06 8.5E-08 1.3E-09 2.6E-08 1.1E-06 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 6.5E-07 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 6.5E-08 5.9E-08 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.3E-08 NA 3.7E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.2E-05 5.1E-05 5.1E-05 5.1E-05

4.0E-03 6.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 NA NA 4.0E-02 4.0E-02 NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-02 NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E+00 3.0E-04 2.5E-05 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 7.0E-01 NA 7.0E-01 5.0E-03

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

9.5E-08

mg/kg-day

1.4E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00

mg/kg-day

1.5E-06 2.0E-06 5.6E-06 3.3E-06 4.1E-13 5.9E-08 6.1E-08 9.5E-06 2.9E-08 6.5E-10 7.2E-09 1.8E-07 2.2E-05 7.8E-07 2.0E-07 3.0E-08

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

NA NA 7.3E-01 NA NA 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA 1.5E+00 NA 2.0E+01 NA NA NA NA NA NA

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.6.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Overflow Surface Surface Water Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium1 Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 1.2E-08 4.4E-08 1.0E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-09 4.9E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.8E-09 2.5E-09 1.7E-09 2.6E-09 7.3E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 9.5E-12 1.4E-10 5.2E-11 2.8E-11 3.9E-08 9.5E-10 2.2E-08 2.1E-09 1.1E-08 5.4E-09 NA 7.4E-08 6.4E-08 NA NA NA 2.2E-07 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

TABLE 7.6.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern Value

EPC Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Cancer Risk Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units
Hazard Quotient

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Dermal 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium1 Cobalt Lead Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.9E-01 8.4E-01 5.6E-01 8.7E-01 2.4E+01 1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 3.6E-01 1.7E+01 8.5E+00 3.9E+00 1.5E+01 3.4E+01 ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L 6.6E-10 6.3E-10 1.4E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.3E-08 7.0E-09 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.1E-08 7.5E-09 2.8E-09 2.9E-08 7.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.4E-03 5.5E-02 3.1E-02 1.1E-02 5.4E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 NA 1.5E+00 2.0E+01 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.2E-10 4.2E-10 8.8E-11 3.2E-10 4.3E-07 1.8E-07 5.9E-06 5.5E-07 4.5E-06 1.5E-06 NA 1.1E-08 8.8E-07 NA NA NA 1.4E-05 1.4E-05 1.4E-05 1.4E-05 Total of Receptor Risks Across All Media 7.5E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards Across All Media 7.0E-02 4.0E-03 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E-02 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-02 3.0E-04 7.5E-05 3.0E-04 NA 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total Overflow Surface Water Total Total NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. DAevent for surface water calculated on Table 7.4.CTE Supplement A. Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operations, and surface water, and sediment. 1. See Table 7.6.CTE Supplement A for calculation of intake and cancer risk following MMOA method.

TABLE 7.6.CTE Supplement A CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS FOR COPC WITH MUTAGENIC MODE OF ACTION REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York Scenario Timeframe: Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult/Child

Chemical of Medium Exposure Medium Exposure Point Exposure Route Potential Concern Value

EPC Intake Units 0-2 yrs Value 2-6 yrs 16-19 yrs Units

Cancer Risk Calculations CSF/Unit Risk Value 0-2 yrs (ADAF=10) 2-6 yrs (ADAF=3) 16-19 yrs (ADAF=1) Units Cancer Risk

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal overflow

Ingestion

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 3.1E+01 8.5E-01 1.3E+02 7.3E+01 7.9E+01 4.1E+01 1.3E+02 5.5E+00 3.1E+01 8.5E+01

mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg

3.0E-07 1.7E-07 1.9E-07 9.6E-08 3.0E-07 1.3E-08 7.4E-08 2.0E-09 2.2E-07 1.3E-07 1.4E-07 7.0E-08 2.2E-07 9.3E-09 5.4E-08 1.1E-09

6.0E-07 3.4E-07 3.7E-07 1.9E-07 6.0E-07 2.6E-08 1.5E-07 4.0E-09 4.4E-07 2.5E-07 2.7E-07 1.4E-07 4.3E-07 1.9E-08 1.1E-07 2.2E-09

4.8E-08 2.8E-08 3.0E-08 1.5E-08 4.8E-08 2.1E-09 1.2E-08 3.2E-10 1.4E-07 8.2E-08 8.9E-08 4.6E-08 1.4E-07 6.1E-09 3.5E-08 7.3E-10

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 5.0E+00 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 2.0E+02

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E-01 2.2E-02 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 5.0E-01 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E-02 7.3E-03 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 2.0E+01

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

3.5E-06 2.0E-05 2.2E-06 1.1E-07 3.5E-08 1.5E-06 8.7E-07 1.6E-08 2.7E-06 1.5E-05 1.6E-06 8.5E-08 2.6E-08 1.1E-06 6.5E-07 3.7E-07

Dermal

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water

Ingestion

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 8.5E+00

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

7.9E-11 1.6E-10 1.4E-10 7.7E-11 3.8E-10 6.5E-09

1.6E-10 3.1E-10 2.9E-10 1.5E-10 7.6E-10 1.3E-08

2.6E-11 5.0E-11 4.6E-11 2.5E-11 1.2E-10 2.1E-09

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 5.0E+00

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.5E+00

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 5.0E-01

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

9.5E-10 2.2E-08 2.1E-09 1.1E-08 5.4E-09 6.4E-08

Dermal

Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Chromium

1.0E-01 2.1E-01 1.9E-01 1.0E-01 5.0E-01 8.5E+00

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

1.4E-08 4.9E-08 4.6E-08 3.7E-08 1.2E-07 2.7E-09

2.9E-08 9.8E-08 9.1E-08 7.4E-08 2.4E-07 5.3E-09

9.4E-09 3.2E-08 3.0E-08 2.4E-08 7.9E-08 1.7E-09

mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day mg/kg/day

7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 7.3E+01 7.3E+00 2.0E+02

2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 6.0E+01

7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 2.0E+01

1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day)

1.8E-07 5.9E-06 5.5E-07 4.5E-06 1.5E-06 8.8E-07

Page 87 of 96

TABLE 7.7.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 9.7E-09 7.7E-09 3.5E-12 3.3E-07 3.5E-07 5.5E-08 1.6E-07 9.7E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 3.3E-09 2.6E-09 5.4E-07 3.3E-07 NA 8.2E-08 NA NA 9.6E-07 9.6E-07 9.6E-07 2.3E-07 1.8E-07 8.1E-11 7.7E-06 8.2E-06 1.3E-06 3.8E-06 2.3E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 3.6E-04 NA NA 4.1E-01 4.3E-03 3.8E-02 4.5E-03 4.6E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 5.1E-13 3.9E-08 4.1E-08 1.7E-08 1.2E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.0E-08 3.9E-08 NA NA NA 1.2E-07 1.2E-07 1.2E-07 1.2E-11 9.0E-07 9.5E-07 3.9E-07 2.9E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 4.8E-02 3.9E-03 5.8E-04 5.2E-02 5.2E-02 5.2E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.7.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.6E-08 1.2E-08 9.2E-09 2.7E-08 1.8E-08 3.3E-08 1.0E-11 8.7E-07 9.6E-07 3.6E-08 4.8E-07 5.3E-06 2.2E-06 1.8E-07 1.0E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E-01 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.5E-09 1.9E-07 3.2E-09 6.5E-09 6.0E-09 1.1E-08 1.6E-06 8.7E-07 NA 5.3E-08 2.4E-07 NA NA NA NA 2.9E-06 2.9E-06 2.9E-06 3.7E-07 2.8E-07 2.2E-07 6.3E-07 4.1E-07 7.8E-07 2.3E-10 2.0E-05 2.2E-05 8.3E-07 1.1E-05 1.2E-04 5.1E-05 4.3E-06 2.3E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.3E-04 5.6E-03 4.3E-04 NA NA 1.6E-03 NA NA 1.1E+00 2.8E-03 3.7E-03 3.1E-03 2.6E-03 4.3E-02 4.6E-03 1.2E+00 1.2E+00 1.2E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.7.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 7.5E-08 1.2E-07 6.3E-08 3.9E-08 9.7E-08 4.9E-11 1.4E-06 1.6E-06 1.3E-06 1.0E-04 1.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 7.3E+00 7.3E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.5E-08 8.4E-07 4.6E-08 2.8E-07 7.1E-08 7.7E-06 1.4E-06 NA 1.9E-06 NA NA 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 4.0E-06 1.2E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 1.8E-06 2.7E-06 1.5E-06 9.0E-07 2.3E-06 1.2E-09 3.3E-05 3.8E-05 3.0E-05 2.3E-03 2.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.9E+00 1.0E-01 5.8E-02 2.8E-01 2.3E+00 2.3E+00 2.3E+00 1.7E+00 2.3E+00

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable.

TABLE 7.8.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 7.9E-09 6.3E-09 2.8E-12 2.7E-07 2.9E-07 4.5E-08 1.3E-07 7.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 2.7E-09 2.1E-09 4.4E-07 2.7E-07 NA 6.7E-08 NA NA 7.8E-07 7.8E-07 7.8E-07 1.8E-07 1.5E-07 6.6E-11 6.3E-06 6.7E-06 1.0E-06 3.1E-06 1.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 2.9E-04 NA NA 3.3E-01 3.5E-03 3.1E-02 3.7E-03 3.7E-01 3.7E-01 3.7E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 4.0E-13 3.0E-08 3.2E-08 1.3E-08 9.6E-08 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 6.2E-08 3.0E-08 NA NA NA 9.2E-08 9.2E-08 9.2E-08 9.3E-12 7.0E-07 7.4E-07 3.0E-07 2.2E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 3.7E-02 3.0E-03 4.5E-04 4.1E-02 4.1E-02 4.1E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.8.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.2E-08 9.4E-09 7.2E-09 2.1E-08 1.4E-08 2.6E-08 7.8E-12 6.8E-07 7.5E-07 2.8E-08 3.7E-07 4.1E-06 1.7E-06 1.4E-07 7.8E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 4.3E-09 1.5E-07 2.5E-09 5.1E-09 4.7E-09 8.9E-09 1.2E-06 6.8E-07 NA 4.2E-08 5.6E-07 NA NA NA NA 2.7E-06 2.7E-06 2.7E-06 2.8E-07 2.2E-07 1.7E-07 4.9E-07 3.2E-07 6.1E-07 1.8E-10 1.6E-05 1.7E-05 6.5E-07 8.7E-06 9.6E-05 4.0E-05 3.4E-06 1.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.7E-04 4.4E-03 3.4E-04 NA NA 1.2E-03 NA NA 8.7E-01 2.2E-03 2.9E-03 2.4E-03 2.0E-03 3.4E-02 3.6E-03 9.3E-01 9.3E-01 9.3E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.8.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (12-15)* Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 5.9E-08 9.1E-08 4.9E-08 3.0E-08 7.6E-08 3.9E-11 1.1E-06 1.3E-06 1.0E-06 7.9E-05 9.6E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 2.2E+01 2.2E+00 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.3E-07 2.0E-06 1.1E-07 6.7E-07 1.7E-07 6.1E-06 1.1E-06 NA 1.5E-06 NA NA 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 1.2E-05 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 3.5E-06 1.2E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 1.4E-06 2.1E-06 1.2E-06 7.1E-07 1.8E-06 1.8E-10 5.1E-06 6.0E-06 2.4E-05 1.8E-03 2.2E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.0E-01 7.9E-02 4.6E-02 2.2E-01 6.5E-01 6.5E-01 6.5E-01 1.3E+00 6.5E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab NotesNA = Not available / Not applicable. * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-15 year old for exposure duration of 3 years, the CTE exposure duration for an adolescent.

TABLE 7.9.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 1.2E-02 9.6E-03 4.3E-06 4.1E-01 4.4E-01 6.8E-02 2.0E-01 1.2E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 1.5E-08 1.2E-08 5.5E-12 5.2E-07 5.5E-07 8.6E-08 2.5E-07 1.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.2E-09 4.1E-09 8.5E-07 5.2E-07 NA 1.3E-07 NA NA 1.5E-06 1.5E-06 1.5E-06 3.6E-07 2.8E-07 1.3E-10 1.2E-05 1.3E-05 2.0E-06 5.9E-06 3.6E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA 5.7E-04 NA NA 6.4E-01 6.7E-03 5.9E-02 7.1E-03 7.2E-01 7.2E-01 7.2E-01

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal

Fish and Crab Tissue

White Perch in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 5.8E-06 4.4E-01 4.6E-01 1.9E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 8.1E-13 6.1E-08 6.4E-08 2.6E-08 1.9E-07 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1.3E-07 6.1E-08 NA NA NA 1.9E-07 1.9E-07 1.9E-07 1.9E-11 1.4E-06 1.5E-06 6.2E-07 4.5E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 7.5E-02 6.2E-03 9.1E-04 8.2E-02 8.2E-02 8.2E-02

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - White Perch in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.9.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium Exp. Route Total 2.2E-02 1.7E-02 1.3E-02 3.8E-02 2.5E-02 4.7E-02 1.4E-05 1.2E+00 1.4E+00 5.0E-02 6.7E-01 6.7E-01 7.4E+00 3.1E+00 2.6E-01 1.4E+00 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 2.5E-08 1.9E-08 1.5E-08 4.3E-08 2.8E-08 5.3E-08 1.6E-11 1.4E-06 1.5E-06 5.6E-08 5.0E-07 2.5E-07 8.3E-06 3.5E-06 2.9E-07 1.6E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 3.5E-01 1.6E+01 3.5E-01 2.4E-01 3.4E-01 3.4E-01 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 5.0E+00 1.5E+00 NA NA NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 8.6E-09 3.0E-07 5.1E-09 1.0E-08 9.5E-09 1.8E-08 2.5E-06 1.4E-06 NA 8.4E-08 2.5E-06 3.8E-07 NA NA NA NA 7.1E-06 7.1E-06 7.1E-06 1.9E-04 8.1E-05 6.8E-06 3.7E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.0E-02 2.0E-02 1.0E-04 5.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 4.8E-03 4.1E-03 6.8E-02 7.3E-03 1.9E+00 1.9E+00 1.9E+00 5.7E-07 4.4E-07 3.4E-07 9.9E-07 6.5E-07 1.2E-06 3.7E-10 3.2E-05 3.5E-05 1.3E-06 1.8E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 5.0E-04 5.0E-05 5.0E-04 NA NA 5.0E-04 NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 3.0E-03 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 1.1E-03 8.9E-03 6.8E-04 NA NA 2.5E-03 NA NA 1.8E+00 4.4E-03 5.8E-03

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Eel in Gowanus Canal

TABLE 7.9.CTE CALCULATION OF CHEMICAL CANCER RISKS AND NON-CANCER HAZARDS CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child


Exposure Medium

Medium

Exposure Point

Exposure Route

Chemical of Potential Concern

EPC Value Units

Cancer Risk Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units CSF/Unit Risk Value Units Cancer Risk

Non-Cancer Hazard Calculations Intake/Exposure Concentration Value Units Value RfD/RfC Units Hazard Quotient

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal

Ingestion Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-3)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (2-3)* Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury Exp. Route Total 7.7E-03 7.7E-03 1.2E-02 1.2E-02 6.4E-03 6.4E-03 3.9E-03 3.9E-03 9.9E-03 9.9E-03 5.0E-06 1.4E-01 1.7E-01 1.3E-01 1.0E+01 1.2E-01 mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg mg/kg 7.8E-08 3.9E-08 1.2E-07 6.0E-08 6.5E-08 3.2E-08 4.0E-08 2.0E-08 1.0E-07 5.0E-08 7.6E-11 2.2E-06 2.5E-06 2.0E-06 1.5E-04 1.9E-06 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 7.3E+01 2.2E+01 7.3E+00 2.2E+00 1.6E+05 1.0E+00 NA 1.5E+00 NA NA 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 1/(mg/kg-day) 5.7E-07 8.5E-08 8.7E-06 1.3E-06 4.7E-07 7.1E-08 2.9E-06 4.4E-07 7.3E-07 1.1E-07 1.2E-05 2.2E-06 NA 3.0E-06 NA NA 3.2E-05 3.2E-05 3.2E-05 Total of Receptor Risks - Fish Total of Receptor Risks - Blur Crab 8.8E-06 3.2E-05 Total of Receptor Hazards - Fish Total of Receptor Hazards - Blue Crab 1.8E-09 5.1E-05 5.9E-05 4.6E-05 3.6E-03 4.4E-05 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.0E-05 3.0E-04 4.0E-02 1.0E-04 mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day mg/kg-day NA NA 2.9E+00 1.5E-01 9.0E-02 4.4E-01 3.6E+00 3.6E+00 3.6E+00 2.7E+00 3.6E+00 3.5E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 1.4E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.3E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 4.2E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA 2.7E-06 mg/kg-day NA NA

Exposure Point Total Exposure Medium Total - Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Fish Total Blue Crab Notes-

* Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-3 year old for exposure duration of 1 year, for a total CTE exposure duration of 3 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. NA = Not available / Not applicable.

TABLE 9.1.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium NA 1.6E-06 1.4E-05 1.4E-06 8.2E-08 8.2E-09 3.2E-08 7.9E-07 NA 6.2E-07 NA NA 1.1E-07 1.8E-07 NA NA 4.7E-07 NA 8.2E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.7E-06 7.4E-05 7.8E-06 4.4E-07 3.4E-08 1.7E-07 4.3E-06 NA 3.4E-06 NA NA 6.4E-07 1.1E-06 NA NA 5.9E-07 NA 1.4E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 1.0E-05 8.7E-05 9.2E-06 5.3E-07 4.2E-08 2.1E-07 5.0E-06 0.0E+00 4.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 7.5E-07 1.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.1E-06 0.0E+00 1.4E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 CNS Hair Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal Decreased Body Weight Kidney Kidney, Liver, Blood Increased Liver Weight Liver 3.1E-04 NA NA NA NA 8.5E-05 NA NA 6.3E-04 NA 8.7E-06 9.0E-04 NA NA 1.4E-02 8.1E-04 3.1E-03 4.9E-04 1.6E-03 2.2E-03 4.5E-04 2.9E-03 NA 1.1E-04 5.1E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.7E-03 NA NA NA NA 3.5E-04 NA NA 3.4E-03 NA 4.7E-05 4.8E-03 NA NA 8.0E-02 3.4E-04 3.8E-03 8.1E-04 2.6E-02 9.1E-04 1.9E-04 1.2E-03 NA 6.9E-03 2.1E-04 2.0E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.4E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.0E-03 0.0E+00 5.6E-05 5.7E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 9.3E-02 1.1E-03 6.9E-03 1.3E-03 2.8E-02 3.1E-03 6.3E-04 4.1E-03 0.0E+00 7.0E-03 7.2E-04

Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

2.0E-05

NA

1.1E-04

1.3E-04 1.3E-04

2.8E-02

NA

1.3E-01

1.6E-01 1.6E-01

TABLE 9.1.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium 5.6E-09 8.8E-09 2.2E-07 9.9E-09 1.6E-09 4.4E-09 1.4E-06 4.3E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.6E-08 3.6E-06 1.5E-04 7.1E-06 7.8E-08 3.1E-06 4.9E-07 1.2E-05 NA NA 4.1E-08 3.6E-06 1.6E-04 7.1E-06 8.0E-08 3.2E-06 1.8E-06 1.3E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Skin, Vascular Not identified Gastrointestinal Whole Body Increased Liver Weight Blood, Immune 7.4E-05 NA NA NA 1.6E-05 NA 8.8E-03 8.3E-04 5.7E-04 1.1E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.7E-04 NA NA NA 8.2E-04 NA 3.2E-03 2.4E-02 2.0E-04 3.9E-04 5.5E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 8.3E-04 0.0E+00 1.2E-02 2.5E-02 7.7E-04 1.5E-03

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

2.0E-06

NA

1.8E-04

1.8E-04 1.8E-04

1.1E-02

NA

2.9E-02

4.0E-02 4.0E-02

TABLE 9.1.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium 1.4E-10 2.1E-09 7.9E-10 4.3E-10 6.0E-07 3.4E-09 6.8E-08 6.3E-09 3.3E-08 1.7E-08 NA 1.1E-06 1.9E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.2E-09 1.3E-08 2.6E-09 9.3E-09 1.2E-05 1.4E-06 4.8E-05 4.5E-06 3.7E-05 1.2E-05 NA 4.1E-07 5.6E-06 NA NA NA 3.4E-09 1.5E-08 3.4E-09 9.8E-09 1.2E-05 1.4E-06 4.8E-05 4.5E-06 3.7E-05 1.2E-05 0.0E+00 1.5E-06 5.8E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 1.1E-06 2.8E-05 7.4E-06 1.1E-06 3.2E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-06 7.3E-03 3.8E-04 1.7E-03 NA 8.9E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.5E-05 1.8E-04 2.5E-05 2.5E-05 6.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 5.5E-05 2.6E-03 1.1E-02 2.5E-04 NA 3.2E-04 2.6E-05 2.0E-04 3.2E-05 2.6E-05 6.7E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.7E-05 1.0E-02 1.1E-02 2.0E-03 0.0E+00 1.2E-03

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event

2.1E-06

NA

1.2E-04

1.2E-04 1.2E-04

1.1E-02

NA

2.1E-02

3.1E-02 3.1E-02

TABLE 9.1.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system operation) Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene NA NA NA NA NA 1.9E-08 1.4E-08 1.5E-08 NA 1.9E-07 NA NA NA NA NA 1.9E-08 1.4E-08 1.5E-08 0.0E+00 1.9E-07 Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03

Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene

NA

2.4E-07

NA

2.4E-07 2.4E-07

NA

6.4E-03

NA

6.4E-03 6.4E-03

Air

Air

NA NA NA NA NA

4.0E-08 1.2E-08 1.4E-08 NA 2.0E-07

NA NA NA NA NA

4.0E-08 1.2E-08 1.4E-08 0.0E+00 2.0E-07

Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03

NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03

Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Receptor Total

NA

2.6E-07

NA

2.6E-07 2.6E-07 3.2E-04

NA

7.5E-03

NA

7.5E-03 7.5E-03 2.1E-01

Receptor HI Total

TABLE 9.1.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 5.1E-03 1.4E-04 1.7E-05 9.3E-02 5.5E-03 7.2E-04 1.1E-02 5.5E-04 1.4E-02 5.6E-03 9.5E-03 9.3E-02 5.6E-03 1.9E-02 5.1E-03 1.9E-02 1.5E-03

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started

TABLE 9.2.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-16)* Chrysene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium NA 9.9E-07 1.7E-07 8.4E-06 1.4E-06 8.8E-07 1.5E-07 5.1E-08 8.4E-09 2.5E-09 2.0E-08 3.3E-09 4.8E-07 8.1E-08 NA 3.8E-07 6.4E-08 NA NA 3.4E-08 5.6E-08 NA NA 1.4E-07 NA 5.0E-07 8.3E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.4E-06 9.0E-07 4.6E-05 7.6E-06 4.8E-06 8.0E-07 2.8E-07 4.6E-08 1.0E-08 1.1E-07 1.8E-08 2.6E-06 4.4E-07 NA 2.1E-06 3.5E-07 NA NA 2.0E-07 3.3E-07 NA NA 1.8E-07 NA 8.4E-06 1.4E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 6.4E-06 1.1E-06 5.4E-05 9.0E-06 5.7E-06 9.5E-07 3.3E-07 5.4E-08 1.3E-08 1.3E-07 2.1E-08 3.1E-06 5.2E-07 0.0E+00 2.5E-06 4.1E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.3E-07 3.8E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.3E-07 0.0E+00 8.9E-06 1.5E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 CNS Hair Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal 2.7E-03 5.5E-04 3.6E-03 NA 1.4E-04 6.3E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.1E-03 2.3E-04 1.5E-03 NA 8.6E-03 2.6E-04 3.8E-03 7.8E-04 5.1E-03 0.0E+00 8.7E-03 8.9E-04 Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Decreased Body Weight Kidney 1.1E-05 1.1E-03 NA NA 1.7E-02 9.9E-04 3.7E-03 6.0E-04 1.9E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.8E-05 6.0E-03 NA NA 9.9E-02 4.2E-04 4.7E-03 1.0E-03 3.3E-02 6.9E-05 7.1E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.2E-01 1.4E-03 8.5E-03 1.6E-03 3.5E-02 Kidney, Liver, Blood 7.7E-04 NA NA NA 4.2E-03 NA 5.0E-03 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Increased Liver Weight 1.0E-04 NA NA NA 4.4E-04 NA 5.4E-04 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Liver 3.8E-04 NA NA NA 2.1E-03 NA 2.5E-03 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

1.4E-05

NA

8.2E-05

9.5E-05 9.5E-05

3.4E-02

NA

1.6E-01

2.0E-01 2.0E-01

TABLE 9.2.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Copper Selenium 1.7E-09 5.4E-09 9.0E-10 1.3E-07 2.2E-08 6.1E-09 1.0E-09 4.8E-10 2.7E-09 4.5E-10 4.2E-07 2.6E-07 4.4E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.6E-09 2.0E-06 3.3E-07 8.3E-05 1.4E-05 3.8E-06 6.4E-07 2.1E-08 1.7E-06 2.8E-07 1.3E-07 6.6E-06 1.1E-06 NA NA 1.1E-08 2.0E-06 3.3E-07 8.3E-05 1.4E-05 3.8E-06 6.4E-07 2.2E-08 1.7E-06 2.8E-07 5.5E-07 6.9E-06 1.1E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Gastrointestinal Whole Body 7.0E-04 1.3E-03 NA NA 2.2E-04 4.2E-04 9.2E-04 1.8E-03 Skin, Vascular Not identified 1.1E-02 1.0E-03 NA NA 3.4E-03 2.6E-02 1.4E-02 2.7E-02 Increased Liver Weight 2.0E-05 NA NA NA 8.8E-04 NA 9.0E-04 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Blood, Immune 9.1E-05 NA NA NA 5.1E-04 NA 6.0E-04 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

9.0E-07

NA

1.1E-04

1.1E-04 1.1E-04

1.4E-02

NA

3.1E-02

4.5E-02 4.5E-02

TABLE 9.2.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (16-18)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Cobalt Lead Selenium 4.4E-11 6.4E-10 2.4E-10 1.3E-10 1.8E-07 2.1E-09 3.5E-10 4.2E-08 6.9E-09 3.8E-09 6.4E-10 2.1E-08 3.4E-09 1.0E-08 1.7E-09 NA 3.5E-07 1.2E-07 2.0E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.7E-10 3.6E-09 7.1E-10 2.5E-09 3.2E-06 7.6E-07 4.3E-07 2.6E-05 4.0E-06 2.4E-06 3.3E-07 2.0E-05 1.1E-05 6.4E-06 2.5E-08 NA 1.1E-07 3.0E-06 5.0E-07 NA NA NA 9.2E-10 4.2E-09 9.5E-10 2.6E-09 3.4E-06 7.7E-07 4.3E-07 2.6E-05 4.0E-06 2.4E-06 3.3E-07 2.0E-05 1.1E-05 6.4E-06 2.6E-08 0.0E+00 4.6E-07 3.1E-06 5.2E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Whole Body Thyroid 2.1E-03 NA 1.1E-03 NA NA NA 2.7E-04 NA 3.4E-04 2.4E-03 0.0E+00 1.4E-03 Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified 3.0E-06 9.0E-03 4.6E-04 NA NA NA 5.9E-05 2.8E-03 1.2E-02 6.2E-05 1.2E-02 1.2E-02 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 1.4E-06 3.4E-05 9.1E-06 1.4E-06 4.0E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.7E-05 1.9E-04 2.7E-05 2.7E-05 6.9E-03 NA 2.8E-05 2.2E-04 3.6E-05 2.8E-05 7.3E-03 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event

7.6E-07

NA

7.7E-05

7.8E-05 7.8E-05

1.3E-02

NA

2.2E-02

3.5E-02 3.5E-02

TABLE 9.2.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system operation) Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene NA NA NA NA NA 4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 NA 4.7E-08 NA NA NA NA NA 4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 0.0E+00 4.7E-08 Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03

Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene

NA

5.9E-08

NA

5.9E-08 5.9E-08

NA

6.4E-03

NA

6.4E-03 6.4E-03

Air

Air

NA NA NA NA NA

1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 NA 4.9E-08

NA NA NA NA NA

1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 0.0E+00 4.9E-08

Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03

NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03

Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Receptor Total

NA

6.6E-08

NA

6.6E-08 6.6E-08 2.1E-04

NA

7.5E-03

NA

7.5E-03 7.5E-03 2.5E-01

Receptor HI Total

TABLE 9.2.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 6.1E-03 1.7E-04 1.7E-05 1.2E-01 6.8E-03 8.9E-04 1.4E-02 6.0E-04 1.6E-02 5.6E-03 1.1E-02 1.2E-01 5.6E-03 2.3E-02 6.2E-03 2.3E-02 1.8E-03

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-16 year old for exposure duration of 4 years, ADAF of 1 used to adjust CSF for 16-18 year old for exposure duration of 2 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 12-16 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA.

TABLE 9.3.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium NA 1.3E-05 7.5E-06 1.1E-04 6.4E-05 1.1E-05 6.7E-06 6.4E-07 3.8E-07 1.9E-08 2.5E-07 1.5E-07 6.1E-06 3.7E-06 NA 4.8E-06 2.9E-06 NA NA 2.6E-07 4.3E-07 NA NA 1.1E-06 NA 6.3E-06 3.8E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.2E-06 5.5E-06 7.7E-05 4.6E-05 8.1E-06 4.9E-06 4.7E-07 2.8E-07 1.1E-08 1.8E-07 1.1E-07 4.5E-06 2.7E-06 NA 3.5E-06 2.1E-06 NA NA 2.0E-07 3.3E-07 NA NA 1.8E-07 NA 1.4E-05 8.5E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.9E-04 0.0E+00 2.2E-05 1.3E-05 1.8E-04 1.1E-04 1.9E-05 1.2E-05 1.1E-06 6.6E-07 3.0E-08 4.3E-07 2.6E-07 1.1E-05 6.3E-06 0.0E+00 8.4E-06 5.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.6E-07 7.6E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.3E-06 0.0E+00 2.1E-05 1.2E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.3E-04 4.3E-04 CNS Hair Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal 2.0E-02 4.2E-03 2.7E-02 NA 1.1E-03 4.8E-03 2.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.1E-03 2.3E-04 1.5E-03 NA 8.7E-03 2.7E-04 1.6E-01 2.2E-02 4.4E-03 2.9E-02 0.0E+00 9.8E-03 5.0E-03 4.2E-01 4.2E-01 Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Decreased Body Weight Kidney 8.1E-05 8.4E-03 NA NA 1.3E-01 7.6E-03 2.8E-02 4.6E-03 1.5E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.9E-05 6.1E-03 NA NA 1.0E-01 4.2E-04 4.8E-03 1.0E-03 3.3E-02 1.4E-04 1.4E-02 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.3E-01 8.0E-03 3.3E-02 5.6E-03 4.8E-02 Kidney, Liver, Blood 5.9E-03 NA NA NA 4.3E-03 NA 1.0E-02 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Increased Liver Weight 7.9E-04 NA NA NA 4.4E-04 NA 1.2E-03 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Liver 2.9E-03 NA NA NA 2.1E-03 NA 5.0E-03 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 9.3.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Copper Selenium 6.5E-09 3.4E-08 2.1E-08 8.5E-07 5.1E-07 3.8E-08 2.3E-08 1.8E-09 1.7E-08 1.0E-08 1.6E-06 1.7E-06 1.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.8E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.5E-08 5.2E-06 3.1E-06 2.2E-04 1.3E-04 1.0E-05 6.1E-06 3.4E-08 4.5E-06 2.7E-06 2.1E-07 1.8E-05 1.1E-05 NA NA 4.1E-04 2.2E-08 5.2E-06 3.1E-06 2.2E-04 1.3E-04 1.0E-05 6.1E-06 3.5E-08 4.5E-06 2.7E-06 1.8E-06 1.9E-05 1.2E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.2E-04 4.2E-04 Gastrointestinal Whole Body 2.7E-03 5.1E-03 5.3E-02 NA NA NA 3.5E-04 6.7E-04 5.0E-02 3.0E-03 5.7E-03 1.0E-01 1.0E-01 Skin, Vascular Not identified 4.1E-02 3.9E-03 NA NA 5.4E-03 4.1E-02 4.6E-02 4.5E-02 Increased Liver Weight 7.6E-05 NA NA NA 1.4E-03 NA 1.5E-03 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Blood, Immune 3.5E-04 NA NA NA 8.1E-04 NA 1.2E-03 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

TABLE 9.3.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-6)* Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Cobalt Lead Selenium 1.7E-10 2.4E-09 9.2E-10 5.1E-10 7.0E-07 1.3E-08 8.0E-09 2.6E-07 1.6E-07 2.4E-08 1.5E-08 1.3E-07 7.8E-08 6.4E-08 3.9E-08 NA 1.3E-06 7.5E-07 4.5E-07 NA NA NA 4.0E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-09 5.7E-09 1.1E-09 4.0E-09 5.1E-06 2.0E-06 1.2E-06 6.9E-05 4.1E-05 6.4E-06 3.8E-06 5.2E-05 3.1E-05 1.7E-05 1.0E-05 NA 1.7E-07 7.9E-06 4.8E-06 NA NA NA 2.5E-04 1.6E-09 8.1E-09 2.0E-09 4.5E-09 5.8E-06 2.0E-06 1.2E-06 6.9E-05 4.1E-05 6.4E-06 3.9E-06 5.2E-05 3.1E-05 1.7E-05 1.0E-05 0.0E+00 1.5E-06 8.7E-06 5.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.6E-04 2.6E-04 Whole Body Thyroid 8.0E-03 NA 4.1E-03 5.0E-02 NA NA NA NA 4.2E-04 NA 5.5E-04 3.6E-02 8.4E-03 0.0E+00 4.7E-03 8.5E-02 8.5E-02 Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified 1.1E-05 3.4E-02 1.8E-03 NA NA NA 9.4E-05 4.5E-03 1.9E-02 1.1E-04 3.9E-02 2.0E-02 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA 0.0E+00 Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 5.2E-06 1.3E-04 3.5E-05 5.4E-06 1.5E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.3E-05 3.0E-04 4.2E-05 4.2E-05 1.1E-02 NA 4.8E-05 4.3E-04 7.7E-05 4.8E-05 1.2E-02 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event

TABLE 9.3.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at canal level (pre-aeration system Benzene operation) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 NA 4.7E-08 5.9E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.7E-09 3.4E-09 3.7E-09 0.0E+00 4.7E-08 5.9E-08 5.9E-08 Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 6.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-04 1.7E-05 1.7E-05 7.8E-04 5.4E-03 6.4E-03 6.4E-03

Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Xylene, total Naphthalene Chemical Total Ambient air at canal level Total - After aeration system turned on Receptor Total

NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 NA 4.9E-08 6.6E-08

NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.0E-08 3.1E-09 3.5E-09 0.0E+00 4.9E-08 6.6E-08 6.6E-08 8.5E-04

Blood Liver Developmental Impaired motor coordination Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03 7.5E-03

NA NA NA NA NA NA

5.0E-04 1.6E-05 1.6E-05 1.3E-03 5.6E-03 7.5E-03 7.5E-03 5.3E-01

Receptor HI Total

TABLE 9.3.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 1.2E-02 3.2E-04 1.7E-05 2.3E-01 3.6E-02 5.0E-03 3.0E-02 1.2E-03 3.1E-02 5.6E-03 1.9E-02 2.3E-01 5.6E-03 8.0E-02 3.0E-02 8.0E-02 5.7E-03

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ total includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, maximum of dry event and wet event surface water, and maximum of air prior to areation system operation and after aeration system started * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-6 year old for exposure duration of 4 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA. as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA.

TABLE 9.4.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation) Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene NA NA NA NA 2.4E-06 1.4E-06 6.7E-07 1.1E-05 NA NA NA NA 2.4E-06 1.4E-06 6.7E-07 1.1E-05 Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA 2.9E-02 1.7E-03 7.5E-04 3.0E-01 NA NA NA NA 2.9E-02 1.7E-03 7.5E-04 3.0E-01

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

NA

1.5E-05

NA

1.5E-05 1.5E-05

NA

3.3E-01

NA

3.3E-01 3.3E-01

Air

Air

NA NA NA NA

2.1E-06 1.9E-06 7.6E-07 2.5E-05

NA NA NA NA

2.1E-06 1.9E-06 7.6E-07 2.5E-05

Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA

2.5E-02 2.3E-03 8.5E-04 6.9E-01

NA NA NA NA

2.5E-02 2.3E-03 8.5E-04 6.9E-01

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

NA

3.0E-05

NA

3.0E-05 3.0E-05

NA

7.2E-01

NA

7.2E-01 7.2E-01

TABLE 9.4.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal 2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium NA NA 1.2E-06 6.7E-06 7.3E-07 3.8E-08 2.6E-09 1.2E-08 5.0E-07 NA NA 2.9E-07 NA NA 8.9E-08 1.6E-07 NA NA 2.8E-07 NA 5.3E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.1E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.0E-06 5.8E-06 6.2E-07 3.2E-08 1.7E-09 1.0E-08 4.3E-07 NA NA 2.5E-07 NA NA 8.2E-08 1.5E-07 NA NA 5.5E-08 NA 1.4E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.8E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.2E-06 1.2E-05 1.4E-06 7.0E-08 4.3E-09 2.2E-08 9.3E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.4E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.7E-07 3.1E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.3E-07 0.0E+00 1.9E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.0E-05 2.0E-05 CNS Hair Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal Decreased Body Weight Kidney Kidney, Liver, Blood Blood Increased Liver Weight Lung Liver 3.2E-03 1.8E-04 NA NA NA NA 2.6E-05 NA NA 1.6E-04 2.0E-04 NA 1.2E-03 4.5E-04 NA NA 1.2E-02 5.1E-04 1.7E-03 3.5E-04 9.9E-04 1.3E-03 2.4E-04 1.7E-03 NA 7.7E-05 3.2E-04 2.4E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.7E-03 1.6E-04 NA NA NA NA 1.7E-05 NA NA 1.4E-04 1.7E-04 NA 9.9E-04 3.9E-04 NA NA 1.1E-02 3.4E-05 3.4E-04 9.3E-05 2.6E-03 8.5E-05 1.6E-05 1.1E-04 NA 1.0E-06 2.1E-05 1.9E-02 5.9E-03 3.4E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.3E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.9E-04 3.8E-04 0.0E+00 2.1E-03 8.4E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.2E-02 5.5E-04 2.1E-03 4.4E-04 3.6E-03 1.4E-03 2.6E-04 1.8E-03 0.0E+00 7.8E-05 3.4E-04 4.3E-02 4.3E-02

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 9.4.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium 1.6E-10 5.1E-10 1.9E-10 1.1E-10 1.5E-07 8.4E-10 1.7E-08 1.5E-09 8.2E-09 4.0E-09 NA 2.8E-07 4.7E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.0E-10 4.1E-09 7.4E-10 2.6E-09 2.8E-06 2.9E-07 9.6E-06 9.0E-07 7.3E-06 2.4E-06 NA 1.4E-07 2.0E-06 NA NA NA 9.6E-10 4.6E-09 9.4E-10 2.7E-09 2.9E-06 2.9E-07 9.6E-06 9.0E-07 7.3E-06 2.4E-06 0.0E+00 4.2E-07 2.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 1.2E-06 2.9E-05 7.9E-06 1.2E-06 3.4E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 2.6E-06 7.8E-03 4.0E-04 1.8E-03 NA 9.5E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.0E-06 5.2E-05 6.7E-06 6.6E-06 1.5E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-05 8.9E-04 3.7E-03 8.4E-05 NA 1.1E-04 7.1E-06 8.1E-05 1.5E-05 7.8E-06 1.8E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.6E-05 8.7E-03 4.1E-03 1.9E-03 0.0E+00 1.1E-03

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Water Total Receptor Total

5.0E-07

NA

2.5E-05

2.6E-05 2.6E-05 7.6E-05

1.1E-02

NA

6.3E-03 Receptor HI Total

1.8E-02 1.8E-02 7.8E-01

TABLE 9.4.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Industrial Worker Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Lung HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 3.0E-02 2.2E-03 1.6E-03 2.2E-02 2.1E-03 3.4E-04 1.6E-03 8.1E-05 4.8E-03 5.9E-03 6.9E-01 6.3E-04 2.2E-02 6.9E-01 1.1E-02 3.3E-03 1.1E-02 1.1E-03

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ totals includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 9.5.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation) Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA NA 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01 4.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01 4.6E-01 4.6E-01

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA NA

3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01 1.0E+00

NA NA NA NA NA

3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01 1.0E+00 1.0E+00

TABLE 9.5.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Lung Liver

3.2E-03 1.8E-04 NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

4.7E-03 2.7E-04 NA NA NA NA 2.9E-05 NA NA 2.3E-04 3.0E-04 NA 1.7E-03 6.7E-04 NA NA 1.9E-02 5.9E-05 5.9E-04 1.6E-04 4.5E-03 1.5E-04 2.8E-05 1.9E-04 NA 1.8E-06 3.7E-05 3.2E-02

7.8E-03 4.5E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.5E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.9E-04 5.0E-04 0.0E+00 2.9E-03 1.1E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.0E-02 5.7E-04 2.3E-03 5.1E-04 5.5E-03 1.4E-03 2.7E-04 1.9E-03 0.0E+00 7.9E-05 3.6E-04 5.6E-02 5.6E-02

Increased Liver Weight

2.6E-05 NA NA

Kidney, Liver, Blood Blood Decreased Body Weight Kidney

1.6E-04 2.0E-04 NA 1.2E-03 4.5E-04 NA NA

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS Hair

1.2E-02 5.1E-04 1.7E-03 3.5E-04 9.9E-04 1.3E-03 2.4E-04 1.7E-03 NA 7.7E-05 3.2E-04 2.4E-02

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 9.5.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 3.9E-07 9.6E-06 2.6E-06 4.0E-07 1.1E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 8.3E-07 2.5E-03 1.3E-04 6.0E-04 NA 3.1E-04 3.7E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.7E-06 1.9E-05 2.7E-06 2.7E-06 7.0E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 6.0E-06 2.9E-04 1.2E-03 2.7E-05 NA 3.5E-05 2.3E-03 Receptor HI Total 3.1E-06 2.9E-05 5.3E-06 3.1E-06 8.1E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 6.8E-06 2.8E-03 1.3E-03 6.2E-04 0.0E+00 3.4E-04 6.0E-03 6.0E-03 1.1E+00

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Water Total Receptor Total

TABLE 9.5.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Lung HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 4.1E-02 2.9E-03 2.2E-03 3.0E-02 2.2E-03 3.6E-04 2.0E-03 2.9E-05 5.0E-03 7.8E-03 9.7E-01 6.5E-04 3.0E-02 9.7E-01 5.1E-03 2.1E-03 5.1E-03 3.4E-04

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ totals includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 9.6.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system Benzene operation) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01 NA NA NA NA 4.0E-02 2.4E-03 1.0E-03 4.2E-01

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

NA

NA

NA

NA

4.6E-01

NA

4.6E-01 4.6E-01

NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA

Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA

3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01

NA NA NA NA

3.5E-02 3.2E-03 1.2E-03 9.7E-01

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

NA

NA

NA

NA

1.0E+00

NA

1.0E+00 1.0E+00

TABLE 9.6.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Lung Liver

2.9E-02 1.7E-03 NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.1E-02 6.2E-04 NA NA NA NA 6.7E-05 NA NA 5.4E-04 6.9E-04 NA 3.9E-03 1.5E-03 NA NA 4.3E-02 1.3E-04 1.4E-03 3.7E-04 1.0E-02 3.4E-04 6.3E-05 4.4E-04 NA 4.0E-06 8.5E-05 7.4E-02

4.0E-02 2.3E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.1E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.0E-03 2.6E-03 0.0E+00 1.5E-02 5.8E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.5E-01 4.9E-03 1.7E-02 3.7E-03 2.0E-02 1.2E-02 2.3E-03 1.6E-02 0.0E+00 7.2E-04 3.1E-03 3.0E-01 3.0E-01

Increased Liver Weight

2.4E-04 NA NA

Kidney, Liver, Blood Blood Decreased Body Weight Kidney

1.5E-03 1.9E-03 NA 1.1E-02 4.2E-03 NA NA

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS Hair

1.1E-01 4.8E-03 1.6E-02 3.3E-03 9.3E-03 1.2E-02 2.3E-03 1.6E-02 NA 7.2E-04 3.0E-03 2.3E-01

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

TABLE 9.6.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 1.8E-06 4.5E-05 1.2E-05 1.9E-06 5.2E-04 NA NA NA NA NA 3.9E-06 1.2E-02 6.1E-04 2.8E-03 NA 1.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.3E-06 4.4E-05 6.2E-06 6.2E-06 1.6E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-05 6.6E-04 2.7E-03 6.2E-05 NA 8.0E-05 8.1E-06 8.9E-05 1.8E-05 8.1E-06 2.1E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.8E-05 1.2E-02 3.3E-03 2.8E-03 0.0E+00 1.5E-03

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Water Total Receptor Total

NA

NA

NA

1.7E-02

NA

5.2E-03 Receptor HI Total

2.2E-02 2.2E-02 1.3E+00

TABLE 9.6.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Lung HI Across All Media = Total Nasal HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Respiratory HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 4.5E-02 1.5E-02 2.2E-03 1.5E-01 1.9E-02 3.1E-03 1.1E-02 8.9E-05 1.0E-02 4.0E-02 9.7E-01 5.7E-03 1.5E-01 9.7E-01 3.0E-02 1.5E-02 3.0E-02 1.5E-03

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ totals includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment.

TABLE 9.7.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Air

Air

Ambient air at street level (pre-aeration system operation) Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene NA NA NA NA 2.9E-06 1.7E-06 8.0E-07 1.3E-05 NA NA NA NA 2.9E-06 1.7E-06 8.0E-07 1.3E-05 Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - Pre-aeration system operation Air Air Ambient air at canal level (after aeration system Benzene started) Chloroform Ethylbenzene Naphthalene

NA

1.8E-05

NA

1.8E-05 1.8E-05

NA

NA

NA

NA NA NA NA

2.5E-06 2.2E-06 9.1E-07 3.0E-05

NA NA NA NA

2.5E-06 2.2E-06 9.1E-07 3.0E-05

Blood Liver Developmental Nasal, Respiratory

NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA

Chemical Total Ambient air at street level Total - After aeration system turned on

NA

3.6E-05

NA

3.6E-05 3.6E-05

NA

NA

NA

TABLE 9.7.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Overflow Surface Sediment

Sediment deposited in areas adjacent to Gowanus Canal associated with canal

2-methylnaphthalene Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Benzo(k)fluoranthene1 Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Fluoranthene Fluorene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium1 Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

NA NA 1.6E-05 9.2E-05 1.0E-05 5.2E-07 8.2E-09 1.6E-07 6.9E-06 NA NA 4.0E-06 NA NA 2.8E-07 5.2E-07 NA NA 8.9E-07 NA 7.3E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA 8.2E-06 4.7E-05 5.1E-06 2.6E-07 4.4E-09 8.1E-08 3.5E-06 NA NA 2.0E-06 NA NA 2.1E-07 3.9E-07 NA NA 1.4E-07 NA 1.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.4E-05 1.4E-04 1.5E-05 7.8E-07 1.3E-08 2.4E-07 1.0E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 6.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.0E-07 9.1E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.0E-06 0.0E+00 1.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

Lung Liver

NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Increased Liver Weight

NA NA NA

Kidney, Liver, Blood Blood Decreased Body Weight Kidney

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS Hair

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Sediment Total

1.3E-04

NA

6.8E-05

2.0E-04 2.0E-04

NA

NA

NA

TABLE 9.7.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Resident Receptor Age: Child/Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Overflow Surface Water

Canal Overflow Surface Water 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene1 Benzo(a)pyrene1 Benzo(b)fluoranthene1 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene1 Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene1 Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium1 Cobalt Lead Selenium 1.1E-10 1.6E-09 5.9E-10 3.2E-10 4.5E-07 9.6E-09 1.9E-07 1.7E-08 9.3E-08 4.6E-08 NA 8.4E-07 5.4E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.6E-10 2.3E-09 4.5E-10 1.6E-09 2.0E-06 7.6E-07 2.6E-05 2.4E-06 2.0E-05 6.4E-06 NA 7.0E-08 3.6E-06 NA NA NA 6.7E-10 3.9E-09 1.0E-09 1.9E-09 2.5E-06 7.7E-07 2.6E-05 2.4E-06 2.0E-05 6.4E-06 0.0E+00 9.1E-07 4.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

Chemical Total Overflow Surface Water Total Receptor Total

2.2E-06

NA

6.1E-05

6.3E-05 6.3E-05 3.0E-04

NA

NA

NA Receptor HI Total

Receptor Total includes maximum between air prior to and after aeration system operation, and surface water, and sediment. 1. Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). See Table 7.7.RME Supplement A for calculation of intake and cancer risk following MMOA method.

TABLE 9.8.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium 2.4E-07 2.0E-07 4.0E-05 4.9E-05 NA 6.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-07 2.0E-07 4.0E-05 4.9E-05 0.0E+00 6.1E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Developmental Neurological Whole Body NA 3.4E-03 NA NA 3.8E+00 4.0E-02 3.5E-01 4.2E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 3.4E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.8E+00 4.0E-02 3.5E-01 4.2E-02

Chemical Total Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal Total Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue White Perch in Gowanus Canal Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium

9.6E-05

NA

NA

9.6E-05 9.6E-05

4.2E+00

NA

NA

4.2E+00 4.2E+00

9.9E-06 9.6E-06 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

9.9E-06 9.6E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Developmental Neurological Whole Body

NA NA 7.7E-01 6.4E-02 9.4E-03

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 0.0E+00 7.7E-01 6.4E-02 9.4E-03

Chemical Total White Perch in Gowanus Canal Total

2.0E-05

NA

NA

2.0E-05 2.0E-05

8.5E-01

NA

NA

8.5E-01 8.5E-01

TABLE 9.8.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium 4.3E-07 1.5E-05 2.5E-07 5.1E-07 4.8E-07 9.0E-07 1.2E-04 1.4E-04 NA 4.2E-06 1.9E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.3E-07 1.5E-05 2.5E-07 5.1E-07 4.8E-07 9.0E-07 1.2E-04 1.4E-04 0.0E+00 4.2E-06 1.9E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Liver Liver Liver NA NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Not identified Gastrointestinal Weight Loss, Thyroid Developmental Neurological Whole Body 7.2E-03 5.6E-02 4.2E-03 NA NA 1.5E-02 NA NA 1.1E+01 2.7E-02 3.6E-02 3.0E-02 2.5E-02 4.2E-01 4.6E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 7.2E-03 5.6E-02 4.2E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.5E-02 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.1E+01 2.7E-02 3.6E-02 3.0E-02 2.5E-02 4.2E-01 4.6E-02

Chemical Total Eel in Gowanus Canal Total

3.0E-04

NA

NA

3.0E-04 3.0E-04

1.2E+01

NA

NA

1.2E+01 1.2E+01

TABLE 9.8.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury 6.3E-07 9.7E-06 5.3E-07 3.2E-06 8.1E-07 8.9E-05 3.2E-05 NA 2.2E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.3E-07 9.7E-06 5.3E-07 3.2E-06 8.1E-07 8.9E-05 3.2E-05 0.0E+00 2.2E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Gastrointestinal Developmental Neurological NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.7E+00 1.4E-01 8.4E-02 4.1E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.7E+00 1.4E-01 8.4E-02 4.1E-01

Chemical Total Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Receptor Total - Fish Receptor Total - Blue Crab

1.6E-04

NA

NA

1.6E-04 1.6E-04 4.2E-04 1.6E-04

3.4E+00

NA

NA

3.4E+00 3.4E+00 1.7E+01 3.4E+00 4.1E-01 2.7E+00 8.4E-02 4.1E-01 2.7E+00 1.4E-01 1.4E-01

Receptor HI Total - Fiish Receptor HI Total - Blue Crab Target organ totals for Blue Crab Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media =

Target organ totals for Fish HI - Hazard Index Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 2.5E-02 8.4E-01 1.6E+01 3.0E-02 8.6E-02 8.4E-01 1.6E+01 6.7E-02 2.5E-02 6.7E-02 9.7E-02

TABLE 9.9.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium 4.9E-08 3.9E-08 8.1E-06 9.8E-06 NA 1.2E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.9E-08 3.9E-08 8.1E-06 9.8E-06 0.0E+00 1.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Developmental Neurological Whole Body NA 2.7E-03 NA NA 3.0E+00 3.2E-02 2.8E-01 3.4E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 2.7E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.0E+00 3.2E-02 2.8E-01 3.4E-02

Chemical Total Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal Total Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue White Perch in Gowanus Canal Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium

1.9E-05

NA

NA

1.9E-05 1.9E-05

3.4E+00

NA

NA

3.4E+00 3.4E+00

2.1E-06 2.0E-06 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

2.1E-06 2.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Developmental Neurological Whole Body

NA NA 6.2E-01 5.1E-02 7.5E-03

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 0.0E+00 6.2E-01 5.1E-02 7.5E-03

Chemical Total White Perch in Gowanus Canal Total

4.1E-06

NA

NA

4.1E-06 4.1E-06

6.8E-01

NA

NA

6.8E-01 6.8E-01

TABLE 9.9.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (12-16)* Chromium (16-18)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium 8.7E-08 3.1E-06 5.1E-08 1.0E-07 9.6E-08 1.8E-07 2.5E-05 2.7E-05 NA 8.4E-07 7.5E-06 1.3E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.7E-08 3.1E-06 5.1E-08 1.0E-07 9.6E-08 1.8E-07 2.5E-05 2.7E-05 0.0E+00 8.4E-07 7.5E-06 1.3E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Gastrointestinal Weight Loss, Thyroid Developmental Neurological Whole Body 2.4E-02 2.0E-02 3.4E-01 3.7E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.4E-02 2.0E-02 3.4E-01 3.7E-02 Liver Liver Liver NA NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Not identified 5.8E-03 4.5E-02 3.4E-03 NA NA 1.2E-02 NA NA 8.9E+00 2.2E-02 2.9E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.8E-03 4.5E-02 3.4E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.2E-02 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 8.9E+00 2.2E-02 2.9E-02

Chemical Total Eel in Gowanus Canal Total

6.5E-05

NA

NA

6.5E-05 6.5E-05

9.4E+00

NA

NA

9.4E+00 9.4E+00

TABLE 9.9.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Benzo(a)anthracene (12-16)* Benzo(a)anthracene (16-18)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-16)* Benzo(a)pyrene (16-18)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-16)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (16-18)*
Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-16)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (16-18)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (12-16)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (16-18)*

2.5E-07 4.2E-08 3.9E-06 6.5E-07 2.1E-07 3.5E-08 1.3E-06 2.2E-07 3.3E-07 5.4E-08 1.8E-05 6.5E-06 NA 4.4E-06 NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

2.5E-07 4.2E-08 3.9E-06 6.5E-07 2.1E-07 3.5E-08 1.3E-06 2.2E-07 3.3E-07 5.4E-08 1.8E-05 6.5E-06 0.0E+00 4.4E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Gastrointestinal Developmental Neurological

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2.2E+00 1.1E-01 6.7E-02 3.3E-01

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.2E+00 1.1E-01 6.7E-02 3.3E-01

Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury

Chemical Total Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Receptor Total - Fish Receptor Total - Blue Crab

3.6E-05

NA

NA

3.6E-05 3.6E-05 8.9E-05 3.6E-05

2.7E+00

NA

NA

2.7E+00 2.7E+00 1.3E+01 2.7E+00

Receptor HI Total - Fiish Receptor HI Total - Blue Crab

TABLE 9.9.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Target organ totals for Fish Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Target organ totals for Blue Crab 2.0E-02 6.7E-01 1.3E+01 2.4E-02 6.9E-02 6.7E-01 1.3E+01 5.4E-02 2.0E-02 5.4E-02 7.8E-02 Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = 3.3E-01 2.2E+00 6.7E-02 3.3E-01 2.2E+00 1.1E-01 1.1E-01

HI - Hazard Index * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-16 year old for exposure duration of 4 years, ADAF of 1 used to adjust CSF for 16-18 year old for exposure duration of 2 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 12-16 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA.

Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media =

TABLE 9.10.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Mercury Selenium 9.9E-08 7.9E-08 1.6E-05 2.0E-05 NA 2.5E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.9E-08 7.9E-08 1.6E-05 2.0E-05 0.0E+00 2.5E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Developmental Neurological Whole Body NA 5.4E-03 NA NA 6.1E+00 6.4E-02 5.6E-01 6.8E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 5.4E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 6.1E+00 6.4E-02 5.6E-01 6.8E-02

Chemical Total Striped Bass in Gowanus Canal Total Surface Water/Sediment Fish and Crab Tissue White Perch in Gowanus Canal Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Mercury Selenium

3.9E-05

NA

NA

3.9E-05 3.9E-05

6.8E+00

NA

NA

6.8E+00 6.8E+00

4.2E-06 4.0E-06 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

4.2E-06 4.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Developmental Neurological Whole Body

NA NA 1.2E+00 1.0E-01 1.5E-02

NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.2E+00 1.0E-01 1.5E-02

Chemical Total White Perch in Gowanus Canal Total

8.2E-06

NA

NA

8.2E-06 8.2E-06

1.4E+00

NA

NA

1.4E+00 1.4E+00

TABLE 9.10.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Eel in Gowanus Canal alpha-Chlordane Dieldrin gamma-Chlordane p,p'-DDD p,p'-DDE p,p'-DDT Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-6)* Copper Cyanide, total Mercury Selenium 1.7E-07 6.2E-06 1.0E-07 2.1E-07 1.9E-07 3.6E-07 5.0E-05 5.5E-05 NA 1.7E-06 2.5E-05 1.5E-05 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.7E-07 6.2E-06 1.0E-07 2.1E-07 1.9E-07 3.6E-07 5.0E-05 5.5E-05 0.0E+00 1.7E-06 2.5E-05 1.5E-05 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Gastrointestinal Weight Loss, Thyroid Developmental Neurological Whole Body 4.9E-02 4.1E-02 6.9E-01 7.4E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.9E-02 4.1E-02 6.9E-01 7.4E-02 Liver Liver Liver NA NA Liver NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Not identified 1.2E-02 9.0E-02 6.9E-03 NA NA 2.5E-02 NA NA 1.8E+01 4.4E-02 5.9E-02 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.2E-02 9.0E-02 6.9E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.5E-02 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.8E+01 4.4E-02 5.9E-02

Chemical Total Eel in Gowanus Canal Total

1.5E-04

NA

NA

1.5E-04 1.5E-04

1.9E+01

NA

NA

1.9E+01 1.9E+01

TABLE 9.10.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water/Sediment

Fish and Crab Tissue

Blue Crab in Gowanus Canal Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-6)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-6)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-6)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (2-6)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (2-6)* Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like Total PCB Arsenic Copper Mercury 8.6E-07 5.1E-07 1.3E-05 7.9E-06 7.1E-07 4.3E-07 4.4E-06 2.6E-06 1.1E-06 6.6E-07 3.6E-05 1.3E-05 NA 9.0E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.6E-07 5.1E-07 1.3E-05 7.9E-06 7.1E-07 4.3E-07 4.4E-06 2.6E-06 1.1E-06 6.6E-07 3.6E-05 1.3E-05 0.0E+00 9.0E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NA NA Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Skin, Vascular Gastrointestinal Developmental Neurological NA NA 4.4E+00 2.3E-01 1.4E-01 6.6E-01 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.4E+00 2.3E-01 1.4E-01 6.6E-01 NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00

Chemical Total Crab in Gowanus Canal Total Receptor Total - Fish Receptor Total - Blue Crab

9.0E-05

NA

NA

9.0E-05 9.0E-05 2.0E-04 9.0E-05

5.5E+00

NA

NA

5.5E+00 5.5E+00 2.7E+01 5.5E+00

Receptor HI Total - Fiish Receptor HI Total - Blue Crab

TABLE 9.10.RME SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs REASONABLE MAXIMUM EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Angler Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Target organ totals for Fish Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Target organ totals for Blue Crab 4.1E-02 1.4E+00 2.5E+01 4.9E-02 1.4E-01 1.4E+00 2.5E+01 1.1E-01 4.1E-02 1.1E-01 1.6E-01 Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = 6.6E-01 4.4E+00 1.4E-01 6.6E-01 4.4E+00 2.3E-01 2.3E-01

HI - Hazard Index * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 10 used to adjust CSF for 0-2 year old for exposure duration of 2 years, ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 2-6 year old for exposure duration of 4 years. Non-cancer calculations shown under 0-2 year old only, as non-cancer calculations are not adjusted for MMOA.

Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Developmental HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Neurological HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media =

TABLE 9.1.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Fluoranthene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium NA 5.1E-08 4.3E-07 4.5E-08 2.6E-09 2.5E-10 1.0E-09 2.5E-08 NA 1.9E-08 NA NA 3.4E-09 2.9E-09 NA NA 1.5E-08 NA 2.5E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 5.5E-07 4.6E-06 4.9E-07 2.8E-08 2.1E-09 1.1E-08 2.7E-07 NA 2.1E-07 NA NA 4.0E-08 3.3E-08 NA NA 3.7E-08 NA 8.5E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.0E+00 6.0E-07 5.0E-06 5.3E-07 3.0E-08 2.4E-09 1.2E-08 2.9E-07 0.0E+00 2.3E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.3E-08 3.6E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.1E-08 0.0E+00 8.7E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 CNS Hair Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal Decreased Body Weight Kidney Kidney, Liver, Blood Increased Liver Weight Liver 7.8E-05 NA NA NA NA 2.1E-05 NA NA 1.6E-04 NA 2.2E-06 2.2E-04 NA NA 3.4E-03 2.0E-04 7.6E-04 1.2E-04 4.0E-04 5.5E-04 1.1E-04 7.3E-04 NA 2.9E-05 1.3E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.4E-04 NA NA NA NA 1.8E-04 NA NA 1.7E-03 NA 2.3E-05 2.4E-03 NA NA 4.0E-02 1.7E-04 1.9E-03 4.1E-04 1.3E-02 4.5E-04 9.3E-05 6.0E-04 NA 3.5E-03 1.1E-04 9.2E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.0E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.9E-03 0.0E+00 2.6E-05 2.6E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.3E-02 3.7E-04 2.7E-03 5.3E-04 1.4E-02 1.0E-03 2.0E-04 1.3E-03 0.0E+00 3.5E-03 2.3E-04

Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

6.2E-07

NA

7.1E-06

7.7E-06 7.7E-06

6.9E-03

NA

6.5E-02

7.2E-02 7.2E-02

TABLE 9.1.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Arsenic Chromium Copper Selenium 8.7E-11 1.4E-10 3.4E-09 1.5E-10 2.4E-11 6.8E-11 2.1E-08 6.7E-09 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.3E-09 1.6E-07 6.8E-06 3.1E-07 3.5E-09 1.4E-07 1.5E-08 3.9E-07 NA NA 1.4E-09 1.6E-07 6.8E-06 3.1E-07 3.5E-09 1.4E-07 3.6E-08 3.9E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Skin, Vascular Not identified Gastrointestinal Whole Body Increased Liver Weight Blood, Immune 9.3E-06 NA NA NA 2.0E-06 NA 1.1E-03 1.0E-04 7.1E-05 1.4E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-04 NA NA NA 2.9E-04 NA 7.9E-04 6.0E-03 5.1E-05 9.8E-05 1.5E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.9E-04 0.0E+00 1.9E-03 6.1E-03 1.2E-04 2.3E-04

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

3.2E-08

NA

7.9E-06

7.9E-06 7.9E-06

1.4E-03

NA

7.4E-03

8.8E-03 8.8E-03

TABLE 9.1.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium Cobalt Lead Selenium 2.3E-12 3.3E-11 1.2E-11 6.8E-12 9.3E-09 5.4E-11 1.1E-09 9.8E-11 5.2E-10 2.6E-10 NA 1.8E-08 3.0E-09 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1.4E-10 5.0E-10 1.1E-10 3.8E-10 5.1E-07 6.3E-08 2.1E-06 2.0E-07 1.6E-06 5.3E-07 NA 1.3E-08 1.7E-07 NA NA NA 1.4E-10 5.3E-10 1.2E-10 3.9E-10 5.2E-07 6.3E-08 2.1E-06 2.0E-07 1.6E-06 5.3E-07 0.0E+00 3.0E-08 1.8E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Whole Body Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver 1.4E-07 3.5E-06 9.2E-07 1.4E-07 4.0E-05 NA NA NA NA NA 3.0E-07 9.2E-04 4.7E-05 2.1E-04 NA 1.1E-04 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 8.6E-06 5.3E-05 8.0E-06 8.1E-06 2.2E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 1.8E-05 6.6E-04 2.7E-03 6.2E-05 NA 8.0E-05 8.7E-06 5.6E-05 8.9E-06 8.3E-06 2.3E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.9E-05 1.6E-03 2.8E-03 2.8E-04 0.0E+00 1.9E-04

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Receptor Total

3.2E-08

NA

5.2E-06

5.3E-06 5.3E-06 1.6E-05

1.3E-03

NA

5.8E-03 Receptor HI Total

7.2E-03 7.2E-03 8.1E-02

TABLE 9.1.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adult

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 2.0E-03 5.3E-05 4.3E-02 1.7E-03 2.3E-04 5.0E-03 1.5E-04 5.5E-03 3.9E-03 4.3E-02 4.6E-03 1.3E-03 4.6E-03 4.2E-04

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ totals includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, and maximum of dry event and wet event surface water.

TABLE 9.2.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)* Fluoranthene
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)*

NA 1.9E-07 1.6E-06 1.7E-07 9.5E-09 3.1E-10 3.7E-09 9.1E-08 NA 7.2E-08 NA NA 4.2E-09 3.5E-09 NA NA 1.8E-08 NA 9.4E-08 NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA 2.0E-06 1.7E-05 1.8E-06 1.0E-07 2.6E-09 4.0E-08 9.9E-07 NA 7.8E-07 NA NA 4.9E-08 4.1E-08 NA NA 4.5E-08 NA 3.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA

0.0E+00 2.2E-06 1.9E-05 2.0E-06 1.1E-07 2.9E-09 4.4E-08 1.1E-06 0.0E+00 8.5E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.3E-08 4.5E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 6.3E-08 0.0E+00 3.2E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

Liver

9.5E-05 NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.0E-03 NA NA NA NA 2.2E-04 NA NA 2.1E-03 NA 2.9E-05 3.0E-03 NA NA 4.9E-02 2.1E-04 2.4E-03 5.0E-04 1.6E-02 5.6E-04 1.2E-04 7.5E-04 NA 4.3E-03 1.3E-04

1.1E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.4E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.3E-03 0.0E+00 3.2E-05 3.3E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.4E-02 4.6E-04 3.3E-03 6.5E-04 1.7E-02 1.2E-03 2.5E-04 1.6E-03 0.0E+00 4.3E-03 2.9E-04

Increased Liver Weight

2.6E-05 NA NA

Kidney, Liver, Blood Decreased Body Weight Kidney

1.9E-04 NA 2.7E-06 2.8E-04 NA NA

Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS Hair

4.2E-03 2.5E-04 9.4E-04 1.5E-04 4.9E-04 6.7E-04 1.4E-04 8.9E-04 NA 3.5E-05 1.6E-04

Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

2.2E-06

NA

2.6E-05

2.8E-05 2.8E-05

8.5E-03

NA

8.1E-02

8.9E-02 8.9E-02

TABLE 9.2.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)*

1.1E-10 5.1E-10 1.3E-08 5.7E-10 3.0E-11 2.5E-10 2.6E-08 2.5E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.4E-09 5.2E-07 2.2E-05 1.0E-06 3.7E-09 4.5E-07 1.6E-08 1.2E-06 NA NA

1.5E-09 5.2E-07 2.2E-05 1.0E-06 3.8E-09 4.5E-07 4.2E-08 1.3E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

Blood, Immune

1.1E-05 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.5E-04 NA NA NA 3.1E-04 NA 8.5E-04 6.5E-03 5.5E-05 1.0E-04

1.6E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.1E-04 0.0E+00 2.2E-03 6.6E-03 1.4E-04 2.7E-04

Increased Liver Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Gastrointestinal Whole Body

2.5E-06 NA 1.3E-03 1.3E-04 8.7E-05 1.7E-04

Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Copper Selenium

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

6.5E-08

NA

2.5E-05

2.5E-05 2.5E-05

1.7E-03

NA

7.9E-03

9.7E-03 9.7E-03

TABLE 9.2.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (12-15)* Benzo(a)pyrene (12-15)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (12-15)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (12-15)*
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (12-15)*

2.8E-12 4.0E-11 1.5E-11 8.3E-12 1.1E-08 2.0E-10 3.9E-09 3.6E-10 1.9E-09 9.5E-10 NA 2.2E-08 1.1E-08 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.5E-10 5.4E-10 1.1E-10 4.1E-10 5.5E-07 2.0E-07 6.9E-06 6.4E-07 5.2E-06 1.7E-06 NA 1.4E-08 5.6E-07 NA NA NA

1.5E-10 5.8E-10 1.3E-10 4.2E-10 5.6E-07 2.0E-07 6.9E-06 6.4E-07 5.2E-06 1.7E-06 0.0E+00 3.5E-08 5.7E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00

Liver Blood, Immune Liver, Body Weight Liver, Kidney Liver

1.7E-07 4.2E-06 1.1E-06 1.8E-07 5.0E-05 NA NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

9.3E-06 5.7E-05 8.6E-06 8.7E-06 2.4E-03 NA NA NA NA NA 2.0E-05 7.1E-04 2.9E-03 6.7E-05 NA 8.6E-05

9.4E-06 6.1E-05 9.7E-06 8.9E-06 2.4E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 2.0E-05 1.8E-03 3.0E-03 3.3E-04 0.0E+00 2.2E-04

Naphthalene Arsenic Chromium (12-15)* Cobalt Lead Selenium

Decreased Body Weight Skin, Vascular Not identified Thyroid Whole Body

3.7E-07 1.1E-03 5.8E-05 2.6E-04 NA 1.4E-04

Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Wet Event Receptor Total

5.2E-08

NA

1.6E-05

1.6E-05 1.6E-05 5.4E-05

1.6E-03

NA

6.3E-03 Receptor HI Total

7.9E-03 7.9E-03 9.9E-02

TABLE 9.2.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Adolescent

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Total Blood HI Across All Media = Total Body Weight HI Across All Media = Total Finger and Toe Nails HI Across All Media = Total Gastrointestinal HI Across All Media = Total Hair HI Across All Media = Total Kidney HI Across All Media = Total Immune HI Across All Media = Total Liver HI Across All Media = Total Nervous System HI Across All Media = Total Ocular HI Across All Media = Total Skin HI Across All Media = Total Thyroid HI Across All Media = Total Vascular HI Across All Media = Total Whole Body HI Across All Media = 2.5E-03 6.2E-05 5.4E-02 2.0E-03 2.9E-04 6.2E-03 1.6E-04 6.5E-03 4.8E-03 5.4E-02 5.5E-03 1.6E-03 5.5E-03 4.9E-04

HI - Hazard Index CNS - Central Nervous System Receptor Total and target organ totals includes sum of exposed and near shore sediment, and maximum of dry event and wet event surface water. * Constituent acts via a mutagenic mode of action (MMOA). ADAF of 3 used to adjust CSF for 12-15 year old for exposure duration of 3 years, the CTE exposure duration for an adolescent.

TABLE 9.3.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Sediment

Surface Sediment

Exposed and near shore sediment in Gowanus Canal Acenaphthene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(k)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate Chrysene (0-2)* Chrysene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Fluoranthene
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)*

NA 3.1E-06 4.7E-07 2.6E-05 4.0E-06 2.8E-06 4.2E-07 1.6E-07 2.4E-08 2.4E-09 6.3E-08 9.4E-09 1.5E-06 2.3E-07 NA 1.2E-06 1.8E-07 NA NA 3.2E-08 2.7E-08 NA NA 1.4E-07 NA 1.6E-06 2.4E-07 NA NA NA NA NA NA 4.3E-05

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA 4.6E-06 6.9E-07 3.9E-05 5.8E-06 4.1E-06 6.1E-07 2.3E-07 3.5E-08 2.7E-09 9.1E-08 1.4E-08 2.2E-06 3.3E-07 NA 1.8E-06 2.6E-07 NA NA 5.0E-08 4.2E-08 NA NA 4.6E-08 NA 7.1E-06 1.1E-06 NA NA NA NA NA NA 6.8E-05

0.0E+00 7.7E-06 1.2E-06 6.5E-05 9.8E-06 6.9E-06 1.0E-06 3.9E-07 5.9E-08 5.0E-09 1.5E-07 2.3E-08 3.8E-06 5.6E-07 0.0E+00 3.0E-06 4.5E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 8.2E-08 6.8E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.8E-07 0.0E+00 8.7E-06 1.3E-06 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.1E-04 1.1E-04

Liver

7.2E-04 NA NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1.1E-03 NA NA NA NA 2.2E-04 NA NA 2.1E-03 NA 2.9E-05 3.0E-03 NA NA 5.0E-02 2.1E-04 2.4E-03 5.1E-04 1.7E-02 5.7E-04 1.2E-04 7.6E-04 NA 4.3E-03 1.3E-04 8.2E-02

1.8E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.2E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 3.6E-03 0.0E+00 5.0E-05 5.1E-03 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 8.2E-02 2.1E-03 9.5E-03 1.7E-03 2.0E-02 5.7E-03 1.2E-03 7.5E-03 0.0E+00 4.6E-03 1.3E-03 1.5E-01 1.5E-01

Increased Liver Weight

2.0E-04 NA NA

Kidney, Liver, Blood

1.5E-03 NA

Naphthalene Pyrene Dioxin-Like PCB TEQ Nondioxin-Like PCB Total PCB Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Manganese Vanadium Chemical Total Exposed Surface Sediment Total

Decreased Body Weight Kidney

2.0E-05 2.1E-03 NA NA

Ocular, Finger and Toe Nails Neurological Skin, Vascular Proteinuria (Kidney) Not identified Thyroid Gastrointestinal Gastrointestinal CNS Hair

3.2E-02 1.9E-03 7.1E-03 1.1E-03 3.7E-03 5.1E-03 1.0E-03 6.8E-03 NA 2.7E-04 1.2E-03 6.5E-02

TABLE 9.3.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Dry event) Benzene Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)*

4.1E-10 4.3E-09 6.4E-10 1.1E-07 1.6E-08 4.8E-09 7.2E-10 1.1E-10 2.1E-09 3.2E-10 9.9E-08 2.1E-07 3.1E-08 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 4.7E-07

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

2.3E-09 1.8E-06 2.8E-07 7.8E-05 1.2E-05 3.6E-06 5.4E-07 5.9E-09 1.6E-06 2.4E-07 2.6E-08 4.4E-06 6.6E-07 NA NA 1.0E-04

2.7E-09 1.8E-06 2.8E-07 7.8E-05 1.2E-05 3.6E-06 5.4E-07 6.0E-09 1.6E-06 2.4E-07 1.2E-07 4.6E-06 6.9E-07 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 1.0E-04 1.0E-04

Blood, Immune

4.3E-05 NA NA NA

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

2.4E-04 NA NA NA 4.9E-04 NA 1.4E-03 1.0E-02 8.8E-05 1.7E-04 1.3E-02

2.9E-04 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 5.0E-04 0.0E+00 6.5E-03 1.1E-02 4.2E-04 8.0E-04 1.9E-02 1.9E-02

Increased Liver Weight

9.5E-06 NA

Arsenic Chromium (0-2)* Chromium (2-3)* Copper Selenium Chemical Total Surface Water Total - Dry Event

Skin, Vascular Not identified Gastrointestinal Whole Body

5.1E-03 4.9E-04 3.3E-04 6.3E-04 6.6E-03

TABLE 9.3.CTE SUMMARY OF RECEPTOR RISKS AND HAZARDS FOR COPCs CENTRAL TENDENCY EXPOSURE Gowanus Canal Remedial Investigation, Brooklyn, New York

Scenario Timeframe: Current/Future Receptor Population: Recreational Receptor Age: Child

Medium

Exposure Medium

Exposure Point

Chemical of Potential Concern Ingestion

Carcinogenic Risk Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total Primary Target Organ(s)

Non-Carcinogenic Hazard Quotient Ingestion Inhalation Dermal Exposure Routes Total

Surface Water

Surface Water

Gowanus Canal (Wet event) 1,4-dichlorobenzene Benzene Chloroform Ethylbenzene Tetrachloroethylene(PCE) Benzo(a)anthracene (0-2)* Benzo(a)anthracene (2-3)* Benzo(a)pyrene (0-2)* Benzo(a)pyrene (2-3)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (0-2)* Benzo(b)fluoranthene (2-3)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)* Dibenz(a,h)anthracene (0-2)*
Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (0-2)* Indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene (2-3)*

1.1E-11 1.5E-10 5.7E-11 3.2E-11 4.4E-08 1.7E-09 2.5E-10 3.3E-08 4.9E-09 3.0E-09 4.6E-10 1.6E-08 2.4E-09 8.0E-09 1.2E-09 NA 8.2E-08 9.4E-08 1.4E-08 NA NA NA 3.1E-07

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

2.4E-10 8.5E-10 1.8E-10 6.6E-10 8.8E-07 7.2E-07 3.6E-07 2.4E-05 3.4E-06 2.3E-06 2.8E-07 1.8E-05 9.0E-06 6.0E-06 2.0E-08 NA 2.2E-08 2.0E-06 2.7E-08 NA NA NA 6.8E-05

2.5E-10 1.0E-09 2.4E-10 6.9E-10 9.2E-07 7.2E-07 3.6E-07 2.4E-05 3.4E-06 2.3E-06 2.8E-07 1.8E-05 9.0E-06 6.0E-06 2.1E-08 0.0E+00 1.