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Assessment

Physics – Unit Test
Form A
MULTIPLE CHOICE

Waves and Sound

On the scantron sheet, color in the letter of the term or phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question.

1. Which of these is NOT an example of simple harmonic motion A. A child swinging on a swing B. A guitar string that has been plucked and is vibrating back and forth C. A ball bouncing up and down D. A pendulum swinging back and forth 2. When a wave travels there is a transfer of A. only energy C. neither energy or matter 3. What is the unit for frequency? A. Hertz C. Seconds

B. energy and matter D. only matter

B. Meters D. m/s

4. Which of the following CANNOT transmit sound A. Air B. Gaseous Oxygen C. Liquid Water D. Solid Steel E. Outer Space 5. If a wave is vibrating parallel to the direction the wave is traveling what kind of wave is it? A. transverse B. longitudinal C. light D. standing E. None of the above 6. What is measured from one wave crest to another wave crest or one wave trough to another wave trough? A. Frequency B. Amplitude C. Wavelength D. Origin

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Questions 7 – 10 are based on the following illustration of a wave with a frequency of 33.3 Hz.

7. What is the amplitude of the wave? A. 5.0 cm C. 10.0 cm E. 20.0 cm 8. What is the wavelength of the wave? A. 5.0 cm C. 10.0 cm E. 20.0 cm

B. 6.0 cm D. 12.0 cm

B. 6.0 cm D. 12.0 cm

9. What is the period of the wave? (Reread the directions from this section.) A. 0.0300 s B. 3.00 s C. 33.3 s D. 166 s E. 333 s 10. What is the speed of the wave? A. 0.0300 m/s C. 33.3 m/s E. 333 m/s

B. 3.33 m/s D. 166 m/s

11. On Jupiter where gravity is 24.5 m/s2 you have a pendulum that oscillates with a frequency of 1.2 Hz. Calculate what the length of the pendulum is. A. 17 cm B. 89 cm C. 36 cm D. 43 cm 12. If you have a pendulum with a length of 34 cm calculate the period of this pendulum. A. 1.7 s B. .84 s C. 32 s D. 1.2 s 13. If a pendulum of length 54 cm oscillates with a frequency of 0.58 Hz what is the gravity acting on the pendulum? A. 6.4 m/s2 B. 7.2 m/s2 2 C. 63 m/s D. 737 m/s2 14. If you have a pendulum of length 65.3 cm what would the frequency of the pendulum be? A. 16.2 Hz B. 1.62 Hz C. 2.45 Hz D. 0.617 Hz
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15. If you are given a pendulum with a period of 1.7 s what would be the length of this pendulum? A. 72 cm B. 42 cm C. 2.3 m D. 56 cm 16. A sound wave has a frequency of 3.4 x 103 Hz and a wavelength of 1.5 m in a certain medium. What is the speed of the wave in that medium? A. 4.4 x 10-4 m/s B. 2.9 x 10-4 m/s 3 C. 5.1 x 10 m/s D. 2.3 x 103 m/s E. none of the above 17. A radio wave has a frequency of 2.40 x 103 Hz, what is the wavelength of this radio wave? A. 1.25 x 105 m B. 3.47 x 104 m -6 C. 8.01 x 10 m D. 2.62 x 10-5 m E. None of the above 18. When you push the button on a laser pointer it emits a red light with a wavelength of 635 nm what is the period of this wave? A. 2.12 x 10-14 s B. 4.72 x 10-16 s -15 C. 1.91 x 10 s D. 2.12 x 10-15 s 19. If the frequency of a wave travelling with a speed of 5.00 x 102 m/s is 25 Hz what will it’s period be? A. 2.0 x 101 s B. 0.050 s C. 25 s D. 0.040 s 20. If the crests of a wave pass every 3.0 s and there is a length of 7.2 m between each of these crests what is the speed of this wave? A. 22 m/s B. 2.4 m/s C. 0.42 m/s D. 8.5 m/s 21. If the period of a wave is doubled, its wavelength will be A. 1/4th its original value B. Cut in half C. Doubled D. Unchanged 22. If a wave undergoes destructive interference does the shape of the wave change after they separate? A. Yes B. No 23. If two waves are “in phase” with each other what will happen when they meet? A. Constructive Interference B. Destructive Interference C. Create a Standing wave

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24. The diagram shows two wave pulses travelling along a rope. When the wave pulses meet they will . . .

A. Reflect off each other B. Cancel each other out completely C. Cancel each other out but not completely D. Nothing will happen when they meet E. None of the above 25. In the figure shown below the wave is about to hit a flexible boundary after it meets the boundary what will happen?

A. B. C. D.

reflect out of phase with the incident wave reflect with larger amplitude reflect in phase with the incident wave disappear

26. In the picture below the wave pulse is about to hit a fixed boundary, what will happen after the wave hits the fixed boundary?

A. B. C. D.

The wave will stop moving entirely The wave will be reflected the exact same way it came The wave will be inverted after it hits the boundary The wave will move the barrier

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27. What will happen WHEN these two wave pulses meet?

A. B. C. D.

They will cancel each other out and there will just be a straight line They will create a wave of amplitude a+b They will create a wave of amplitude a-b Nothing will happen they will just continue traveling past each other

28. What will happen AFTER wave ‘a’ and wave ‘b’ meet? A. ‘a’ will be pushed back the way it came and ‘b’ will be pushed back the way it came B. They will just stop C. They will continue traveling in the same direction but 180 degrees out of phase with their original position D. They will continue traveling past each other in the same direction they were originally traveling 29. Below two wave pulses are pictured before they interact with each other and then after they interact with each other what will a, and b equal after the waves interact with each other?

A. a=2 & b=4 C. a=4 & b=2

B. a=-2 & b=4 D. a=2 & b=2

30. If you have a spring with a length of 8.0 meters which of the wavelengths below will NOT produce standing waves? A. 16 m B. 4 m C. 5.3 m D. 6.5 m
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31. The diagram below represents a certain standing wave on a vibrating string. This standing wave has A. 4 nodes and 3 antinodes. B. 2 nodes and 3 antinodes. C. 3 nodes and 4 antinodes. D. 2 nodes and 6 antinodes.

32. The loudness of a sound wave is determined by? A. Frequency C. Period 33. As we age we are less likely to hear: A. Very high frequency sounds C. Both very high and very low

B. Amplitude D. Wavelength

B. Very low frequencies D. All sounds

34. What are the factors that affect the speed of a sound wave? A. only medium B. Frequency of the wave C. temperature and frequency of the wave D. medium and temperature 35. Two sounds are pleasing to our ear because of the difference in their A. Intensity B. Energy C. Frequency D. Amplitude .

36. While waiting for your bus you hear in the distance the familiar drone of its engine. After a short while the pitch begins to sound lower and lower. Knowing about its Doppler shift what should you do? A. Pick up your back-pack and get ready, because the bus will soon stop for you. B. Run because the bus is accelerating uncontrollably toward you. C. Walk home because the bus has already passed you and is moving away. D. Start walking toward the spot where the school bus has now stopped. E. None of the above 37. The sound waves below 20 Hz are called? A. supersonic C. ultrasonic E. None of the above

B. subsonic D. infrasonic

38. Elephants can hear sounds between 1 and 20,000 Hz. This means they can hear? A. A smaller sound frequency range then humans. B. The same sound frequency range as humans. C. Higher sound frequencies than humans. D. Lower sound frequencies than humans.
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39. What type of waves exhibit the Doppler effect? A. light waves C. sound waves E. None of the above 40. The Doppler effect is produced if: A. the source is in motion C. Both of the above

B. water waves D. All of the above

B. The detector is in motion D. None of the above

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