Parts of Speech

The parts of speech explains the ways words can be used in various contexts. Every word in the English language functions as at least one part of speech; many words can serve, at different times, as two or more parts of speech, depending on the context. adjective A word or combination of words that describes a noun (blue-green, central, half-baked, temporary ). adverb A word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb (slowly, obstinately, much ). article Any of three words used to signal the presence of a noun. A and an are known as indefinite articles; the is the definite article. conjunction A word that connects other words, phrases, or sentences (and, but, or, because ). interjection A word, phrase, or sound used as an exclamation and capable of standing by itself (oh, Stop, my goodness ). noun A word or phrase that names a person, place, thing, quality, or act (Fred, New York, table, beauty, execution ). A noun may be used as the subject of a verb, the object of a verb, an identifying noun, the object of a preposition, or an appositive (an explanatory phrase coupled with a subject or object ). preposition A word or phrase that shows the relationship of a noun to another noun (at, by, in, to, from, with ) pronoun A word that substitutes for a noun and refers to a person, place, thing, idea, or act that was mentioned previously or that can be inferred from the context of the sentence (he, she, it, that ). verb A word or phrase that expresses action, existence, or occurrence (throw, be, happen, ran ).

relates events in sequence. In addition. thought. or acted. and tastes? Use actual or recreated dialogue? Give actual names of people and places. The creation of specific scenes set at actual times and in actual places.Writing a Narrative Essay Purpose of a Narrative Essay A narrative essay is a story written about a personal experience. During the process of writing a narrative. explore options. don't tell. a new insight. While such awareness can occur for apparently unexplainable reasons. Most people enjoy a thrilling movie or an intriguing book. contrasts. includes detailed observations of people. They can also help the writer deal with the crisis. a purpose to convey. or conflicts and creates tension. narratives can do the following: Create a sense of shared history. Provide insight. presents important changes. Narratives provide human interest. sounds. Writing a narrative essay provides an opportunity to get to know and understand yourself better. Characteristics of the Narrative Narrative essays describe specific experiences that changed how you felt. Reading or listening to the narrative of someone who faced a life crisis similar to one you are experiencing can help you through the crisis. tactile feelings. you will learn ways to articulate personal experience to inform and entertain others. gained a new way of seeing the world. and examine motives. Show. and draw us close to the storyteller. Re-create an event by setting it in a specific time and space. it most often happens when you encounter new ideas or have experiences that change you in some way. spark our curiosity. your purpose is not to merely tell an interesting story but to show your readers the importance and influence the experience has had on you. rather than by coming right out and "telling" your readers. This experience may be used as a springboard for reflection. smells. However. a good narrative isn't just an entertaining story. In writing a narrative essay. Provide entertainment. places. linking people together. Provide psychological healing. but has a point to make. Do you grow from change? Is there a conflict between characters? Is there a contrast between the past and the present? . and events. The form of a narrative is similar to a story in that it describes how your character is feeling by "showing" through his/her actions. Do you recall sights. A good narrative: involves readers in the story. One of the best ways to reveal who you are is to write about how you became aware of something. It is much more interesting to actually recreate an incident for readers than to simply tell about it. Narratives can help you discover values.

a contest. Your details. How relevant is the event today? How relevant will it be in your future? makes a point. They are as likely to occur in your own neighborhood as in some exotic locale. . accounts of changes or conflicts. the importance of your memory must be clear to your reader. and each experience is a potential story to help explain who you are. While one team wins a championship. Although more common than winning. dozens do not. communicates a main idea or dominant impression. So there is a large. and connections between past and present should point to a single main idea or dominant impression for your paper as a whole. and how you act today. there are more losers than winners. or a challenge or an obstacle that you faced? Was there ever a moment in your life when you decided to reform. Planning the Narrative Essay To plan a narrative. and believable. they will mean something to those who write then as well as to those who read them. specific scenes. dredge up details which will make the incident real for readers. Good stories are entertaining. lively. informative. they are fresher. The truth is that in most parts of life. You already have a lifetime of experiences from which to choose. focuses on connection between past events. finally. losing is less often explored in writing because it is more painful to recall. second. When beginning. find relevance in that incident (writers might ask themselves what about the incident provided new insights or awareness). Therefore. a lottery-can be a good subject. or places and the present. empathetic audience out there who will understand and identify with a narrative about losing. Subjects for good essays have no limits. what makes potential stories actual stories is putting them into language. Potential stories happen daily. While not stating a flat "moral" of the story. to adopt a whole new outlook? How would you characterize your attempt? (Successful? Unsuccessful? Laughable? Painful?) Here are some subject suggestions: Winning and Losing Winning something-a race. people. since it features you in a unique position and allows you to explore or celebrate a special talent. deeper. what you believe. your job is: first. you might want to ask yourself: Did you ever have a long-held belief or assumption shattered? Can you trace the change to one event or a series of events? Is there a particular experience that you observed that has had a profound influence on your life? Is there a person that who has greatly influenced you? Is there a decision that you had to make. more original stories to tell about losing. recounting them. select an incident worthy of writing about. orally or in writing.is told from a point of view--usually the author's point of view. Good stories occur everywhere and can be told about anything.

If you are accurate. Writers who explore such topics in writing often come to a better understanding of them. However. should include these story conventions: a plot. rather than winning the big competition. . sensory details to convey their point. honest. since you may know inside details and routines of restaurants and retail shops that the rest of us can only guess. Narratives rely on concrete. and an ending. their very significance challenges the writers to make them equally significant for an audience that did not experience them. whether it's winning a sports championship. Work experiences are especially fruitful subjects. you are apt to pleasantly surprise them and draw them into your essay. using I. or cleaning up after. being a camp counselor. a dominant impression. rather than attending the prom. These details should create a unified. including setting and characters. third person (he. Writing the Narrative Essay A few things to remember when writing a narrative essay: Narratives are generally written in the first person. You might describe practicing. that is. Narratives.Milestones Perhaps the most interesting but also the most difficult experience to write about is one that you already recognize as a turning point in your life. and observant in exploring a subject from which readers expect little. forceful effect. Daily Life Commonplace experiences make fertile subjects for personal narratives. she. or surviving a five-day solo camping trip in midwinter. pay special attention to the physical details that will both advance your story and make it come alive for readers. Also. as stories. When you write about milestones. or it) can also be used. a climax.

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