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P.

G DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTARATION


SAMBALPUR UNIVERSITY, JYOTI VIHAR, BURLA,768019, ORISSA Visit us at:sumba@sumba.in

PROJECT REPORT ON COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MARKETING STRATEGIES OF TWO AUTOMOBILE COMPANIES

Prepared by:

PITABASH BEHERA
MBA 6th Trimester

Roll No.1410MBA13

Under the guidance of

Dr.P.C TRIPATHY
P.G DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTARATION

SAMBALPUR UNIVERSITY

DECLARATION
I, Mr. Pitabash Behera , a 6th trimester student of P.G Department of business Administration, Sambalpur University hereby declare that I have duly completed my project on COMPATIVE STUDY OF MARKETING STRATEGIES OF TWO AUTOMOBILE COMPANIES for the academic year 2010-2012. The information submitted is true and original to the best of my knowledge.

Pitabash Behera Date : Place :

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I take immense pleasure in thanking HOD Sir,Dr.Biswajit Sathpathy for having permitted me to carry out this project work. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to my Project Guide, DR. P. C Tripathy for his guidance and useful suggestions, which helped me in completing the project work, in time. I thank him for mentoring and encouragement throughout the project, also for his assistance during the preparatory phase and numerous suggestions. I would also like to thank all the Maruti and Hyundai dealers whom I met during the survey, for giving all the required information. Finally, yet importantly, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to my beloved parents for their blessings and the financial support, my

friends/classmates for their help and wishes for the successful completion of this project.

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation entitled COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MARKETING STRATEGIES OF TWO AUTOMOBILE COMPANIES submitted to the SAMBALPUR UNIVERSITY by PITABASH BEHERA for the award of MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION is a record of bonafide original research work carried out by his under my supervision and guidance. The dissertation has reached the standard of fulfilling the partial requirements of the regulation to the degree. The dissertation has not been submitted to any other university/institution for the award of any degree or diploma.

DATE:

Dr. P.C Tripathi Department of Business

Administration
PLACE :

INDEX
Sr no.

Particulars

Page no. I. II. 1 5 15 27 44

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Declaration Acknowledgement Introduction Automobile Company Profiles Theoretical View Practical View Suggestions and Recommendations, Conclusions

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Annexure Bibliography

48 56

CHAPTERWISE PRESENTATIONS Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 About Marketing Strategy Title of the study Objectives of the study Scope of the study Limitations of the study

Chapter 2 Company Profiles Company Profiles Chapter 3 Theoretical View 3.1 History of Indian Automobile Industry 3.2 Evolution of Automobile Industry 3.3 Common Marketing Strategies of Car Companies 3.4 Market Share of Automobile Companies 3.5 Marketing Strategies of Maruti Suzuki 3.6 Marketing Strategies of Hyundai

3.7 Comparative Study of Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai Chapter 4 Practical view 4.1 4.2 Charts and Interpretations ( Chart 1 to 20) Observations

Chapter 5 Suggestions and Recommendations, conclusions

List of Charts/ Graph


Chart no. 1 Name Page no. 14 20 32 34 36 37 38 39 39 40 40 41 42 42 43

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Evolution of Automobile Industry Market share of Automobile Industry Way of Purchase Views of dealers on Promotion through sponsoring reality show Increase in sales during Festive Season Users of Maruti/ Hyundai Most Preferred car Reasons for Using Maruti & Hyundai Car Customers Rating to cars performance Expectations Met Criterias in Buyers Mind Reasonable Pricing Preference of Customers Strategies through which Customers Attracted Dealers Service

Introduction
Comparative Study of Marketing Strategies of Two Automobile Companies : A marketing strategy is a process that can allow an organization to concentrate its limited resources on the greatest opportunities to increase sales and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Its a written plan which combines product development, promotion, distribution, and pricing approach, identifies the firm's marketing goals, and explains how they will be achieved within a stated timeframe. Marketing strategy determines the choice of target market segment, positioning, marketing mix, and allocation of resources. It is most effective when it is an integral component of firm strategy, defining how the organization will successfully engage customers, prospects, and competitors in the market arena. Marketing strategies serve as the fundamental underpinning of marketing plans designed to fill market needs and reach marketing objectives. Marketing strategies are dynamic and interactive. It may differ depending on the unique situation of the individual business.

On the Canvas of Indian Economy, Auto Industry occupies a prominent place. Automobile sector is one of the core of Indian Industry.Continious economic liberalisation over the years by the Government of India has resulted in making India as one of the prime business destination for many global automotive players.

One of the largest industries in India, automotive industry has been witnessing impressive growth during the last two decades. Indian automobile industry has a mix of large domestic private players such as Tata, Mahindra, Bajaj, Ashok Leyland and major international players including GM, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Hyundai, etc. To remain in this competitve market on has to come up different ides and strategies. Various Marketing Strategies enables a firm to expand business activities for market reputation, to satisfy human wants , to lead to specialisation and efficient performance of production function climaxing in econimic stability. After liberalization automobile Industry is growing at very high rate and many new companies have also entered into market. With offering variety of cars in all segments for everyone. So it is important to know which company is providing us good quality cars at fair prices and providing better after sales services. And how they are trying to reach customers.

The most obvious objective marketers have for promotional activities is to convince customers to make a decision that benefits the marketer (of course the marketer believes the decision will also benefit the customer). For most for-profit marketers this means getting customers to buy an organizations product and, in most cases, to remain a loyal long-term customer. However, marketers must understand that getting customers to commit to a decision, such as a purchase decision, is only achievable when a customer is ready to make the decision.

Title of Study Comparative Study of Marketing Strategies of Two Automobile Companies Objective of Study
- To know the various strategies used by Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai Company to attract maximum number of customers. - To know which company offers better cars, better after sales services and by which company cars customers are satisfied most. - To know the demand of Automobiles. - Competition from other car manufacturers. -To know the trend in Market. - To know which car is more demanded by Customers. - Through which strategies maximum customers are attracted.

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- To know recession effect on sale of cars

Scope of Study
- Company will come to know what attracts Customers. - Company as well as Dealers of Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai will come to know that which are the criterias customers look for before buying car. - Company and Dealers will also come to know the future changes which will be require to satisfy customer needs and wants.

Methodology of Data Collection


Primary Data:Visiting various Dealers and asking them about their promotional strategies and requirement of customers. Asking to users of Maruti and Hyundai about their preference, criterias while buying car and their experience with dealers and their expectations from dealers. Secondary Data:Magazines. Internet. Friends & seniors Period of Study:The Period of Study is from JUNE-2012 TO AUGUST-2012
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Maruti Suzukis Profile

In early 1980s Indian Govt decided to produce a small car, which would be within buying reach of Indian middle class. The obvious place to shop for technology was Japan, which had developed world class capabilities in small cars by that time.It was not Toyota, or Nissan, or Honda ,three largest player in Japan, but Suzuki, a much smaller company with strong capcabilities in making small cars. Suzuki grabbed the opportunity with both hands and formed a joint venture with govt. called Maruti Udyog.

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Maruti Udyog Limited, a subsidiary of Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan, has been the leader of the Indian car market for about two decades. Its manufacturing plant, located some 25 km south of New Delhi in Gurgaon, has an installed capacity of 3,50,000 units per annum, with a capability to produce about half a million vehicles. Maruti rolled out its 1st car, Maruti 800 with 800cc engine in December 1983. This model targeted at masses and was lanuched as Peoples car. In early 2003, Maruti Udyog, a joint venture between Suzuki and Indian Govt. dominated Indias automobile market with 54% market share and with annual production capacity of 5lac cars. The company dominated Indian Small car market with a share of 100% in A seg, 45% in B seg and 86% overall. The company has a portfolio of 18 brands, including 800 Omni Gypsy WagonR Alto Swift Estilo SX4 Grand Vitara (Imported) Swift DZire (Launched 1983) (Launched 1984) (Launched 1985) (Launched 1999) (Launched 1997) (Launched 2005) (Launched 2007) (Launched 2007) (Launched 2007) (Launched 2008)

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A-star Ritz Eeco Alto K10 Kizashi

(Launched 2008) (Launched 2009) (Launched 2010) (Launched 2010) (Launched 2011)

Maruti Ertiga, seven seater MPV R3 designed and developed in India, will compete with Toyota Innova, Mahindra Xylo, and Tata Sumo Grande. In early 2012, Suzuki Ertiga will be exported first to Indonesia in Completely Knock Down car. Maruti XA Alpha based compact SUV to compete with the Ford EcoSport & Renault Duster will be launched in the year 2014. In recent years, Maruti has made major strides towards its goal of becoming Suzuki Motor Corporation's R and D hub for Asia. Maruti's contribution as the engine of growth of the Indian auto industry, indeed its impact on the lifestyle and psyche of an entire generation of Indian middle class, is widely acknowledged. In keeping with its leadership position, Maruti supports safe driving and traffic management through mass media messages and a state-of-the art driving training and research institute that it manages for the Delhi Government. The company's service businesses including sale and purchase of pre owned cars (TrueValue), lease and fleet management service for

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corporates (N2N), Maruti Insurance and Maruti Finance are now fully operational.

Hyundai Motors Profile

Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Hyundai Motor Company, South Korea and is the second largest car manufacturer and the largest passenger car exporter from India. HMIL presently markets 54 variants of passenger cars across segments. The
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Santro in the B segment, the Getz Prime, i10,Eon and the Premium hatchback i20 in the B+ segment, the Accent and the Verna in the C segment, the Sonata Embera in the E segment and the Tucson in the SUV segment. Hyundai Motor India Ltd, continuing with its tradition of being the fastest growing passenger car manufacturer, registered total sales of 616,039 units vehicles in the calendar year (CY) 2011, an increase of 41.6% percent over CY 2010. In the domestic market it clocked a growth of 13.6%percent with 30402 units in 2011, while overseas sales grew by 11.2 percent, with exports accounting for 240,25 units in 2011. HMIL's manufacturing plant is located near Chennai which has advanced production quality and testing capabilities in the country. Inorder to provide the Indian customer with global technology, HMIL started its second plant in February 2008 which produces an additional 300,000 units per annum, raising HMIL's total production capacity to 600,000 units per annum. Apart from expansion of production capacity, HMIL currently has 329 strong dealer network across India. The production management processes at Hyundai Motor India are overlaid with an organization-wide implementation of manufacturing best practices like Just-in-time inventory management, Kaizen, TPM and TQM, that help us in making the world's best cars, right here in India.

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Hyundai Motor Company was established in 1967, Hyundai Motor Co. has grown into the Hyundai-Kia Automotive Group which was ranked as the worlds fifth-largest automaker in 2007 and includes over two dozen auto-related subsidiaries and affiliates. Employing over 75,000 people worldwide, Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 6,000 dealerships and showrooms. Hyundai Motor Company, S.Korea, the parent of HMI, has been doing considerable work on sustainable Environment Management . The company has a well defined framework in place for developing products that reduce pollutant emissions and processes for preservation of natural resources and energy along all the stages of the product lifecycle from production, sales, use to disposal and has been awarded the ISO 14001 certification for all its three major plants in Ulsan, Asan and Jeonju in S.Korea.

Cars of Hyundai
Hyundai deals in wide variety of cars which includes Atos/Atoz/Santro Coup/Tiburon/Tuscani Dynasty Elantra/Avante/Lantra

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Eon Equus/Centennial Excel Scoupe ix20 Genesis Genesis Coupe Getz/Click/Getz Prime/TB Grandeur/Azera/XG i10 i20 i30/i30cw/Elantra Touring Hyundai i40 Lavita/Matrix Pony Santamo Sonata/i45 Stellar Veloste

HISTORY OF INDIAN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY


PRE- LIBERALIZATION PERIOD Since Independence The Car Industry was closely monitored and controlled by the government till 1981. Limited choices were available to the car buyers due to the limited manufacturers and tight supply. Hindustan Motors (HM) and Premier Automobile (PAL) that were set up in 1940's dominated the vehicle market and industry. In the 1950s, the

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arrival of Tata Motors, Bajaj Auto, and Mahindra & Mahindra led to steadily increasing vehicle production in India, while the 1960s witnessed the establishment of the two- and three-wheeler industry in India. But between 1970 to the economic liberalization of 1991, the automobile industry continued to grow at a slow pace due to the many government restrictions. However, the automotive industry witnessed tremendous growth after the entry of Maruti Udyog in the 1980s. In 1981 the government decided to review their car industry policy and found that the segment was neglected and there was a big market available for cars. The existing cars available in the market were costly and technically less sound with compare to international standard. Then government initiated dialogues with Suzuki Motors, a Japanese car manufacturing company, finalized a joint venture, and formed a company named Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL). The initial venture was between Government of India with a share of 74% and Suzuki Motor with a share of 26%.

That was a revolutionary step taken for the car industry in India. In 1983 MUL launched its first car in India (Maruti 800) with a price tag of Rs.40,000/-. This development was a big shock to the existing car manufacturers and they also rushed to improve and increase their product line.

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After the lifting of licensing in 1993 by government, 17 new ventures came up, of which 16 are for manufacture of cars. Today, almost all of the major global players are present in India. The automotive industry is today a key sector of the Indian economy and a major foreign exchange earner for the country.

Government
1981 was the year when government taken a revolutionary initiative to review and reform its policy related to car industry. Now getting permission to produce cars in India is easier and new entrants are coming almost every year. Government has also imposed heavy imposed heavy import duties on imported vehicles to safeguard the car manufactured locally.

POST- LIBERALIZATION PERIOD


Following the economic reforms of 1991, the automobile section underwent delicensing and opened up for 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment. A surge in economic growth rate and purchasing power led to growth in the Indian automobile industry, which grew at a rate of 17% on an average since the economic reforms of 1991. India's automotive components industry is being urged by the government to partner with overseas firms with the aim of making India a platform for outsourcing as well as a global R&D hub. As the Indian vehicle
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production industry has grown, so has the domestic supplier industry. But the global auto industry's search for lower cost and more international outsourcing has led to a sharp growth in component output and exports in recent years. The positive demographic factors, stable macro-economic environment and pro-reform policies of the government, low manufacturing costs, availability of skilled labor has attracted almost all major global auto players making their way into India like GM, Ford, Daewoo, Honda and Toyota The intense competition has compelled the manufacturers to launch the latest global offering in India as early as possible. It has also enabled to keep the prices of the vehicles under check. The consumers, in turn, have benefited from wide choice of models, technologically advanced cars and better service from the car manufacturers. Major Manufacturers in Automobile Industry and their Cars Maruti Udyog Ltd. Cars:800,Omni,Gypsy,WagonR,Alto,Swift,Estilo,SX4,Grand DZire,A-star,Ritz,Eeco,Alto K10,Kizashi,Maruti Ertiga Vitara,Swift

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