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Syllabus - Chemistry
– C: CHEMISTRY Unit-1
1. ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Characteristics of Electron, Proton and Neutron, RutherFord's model of atom - Nature of electromagnetic theory - Plancks Quantum Theory, Explanation of photoelectric effect - Features of atomic Spectra - Characteristics of Hydrogen spectrum, Bohr's theory of structure of atom, Bohr's explanation of spectralines, failure of Bohr's theory - Wave particle nature of electron - de Brogile's hypothesis, Heisensbergs uncertainly principle, Important features of the Quantam mechanical model of atom, Quantum numbers, concept of orbitals – Expressing atomic orbitals interms of quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, paulis exclusion principle, Hunds'.rule of maximum multiplicity. Electronic configuration of atoms, explanation of stability of half - filled and completely filled orbitals. 2. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY: Composition of Nucleus, Isotopes, Isotones, Isobars, Isodiaphers, Factors effecting nuclear stability, mass defect, binding energy, N/P ratio. Radioactive disintegration and its rate – Half life and average life, Types of nuclear reactors – Fission and Fussion with examples one each. Radioactive isotopes and their applications – Iodine 131, Cobalt 60, Sodium 24, C14 and P30 3. CHEMICAL BONDING: Orbital overlap and covalent bond, Ionic bond and Fajan’s rules, Lattice energy, Hybridisation involving S, P and d orbitals, MOT, H-bond, Dipolemoment, VSEPR theory and shapes of molecules. Unit-2 1. CLASSIFICAITON OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY OF PROPERTIES : Concept of grouping of elements in accordance with their properties, The periodic law, The significance of atomic number and electronic configuration as the basis for periodic classification - Classification of elements into s,p,d, f blocks and their main characteristics - Classification of elements based on their properties. 2. HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS : Position of hydrogen in the periodic table. Occurance, isotopes of hydrogen, Preparation, properties and uses (including as fuel) of hydrogen. Reactions of hydrogen with different types of elements leading to Ionic, molecular and non-stoichiometric hydrides, Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water, hydrogen peroxide - Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties – oxidation – reduction, decomposition and disproportionate and addition reactions. Detection of hydrogen peroxide -structure and uses of Hydrogen peroxide.
1. ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anamolous properties of first element in each group, diagonal relationship, trends in properties like Ionisation enthalpy, atomic and
SECTION - C
Page 1 of 8
ionization and dilution. types of systems. Driving force for a spontaneous process. sodium hydrogen carbonate. hydrogen. halogens and water. reactivity with oxygen. relative lowering of vapour pressure. atomization. Gibbs free energy change for spontaneous. phase transition. compressibility factor Vs pressure diagrams of real Conditions for liquefication of gases. Gibbs free energy. Raoult's Law. state functions. energy. Molarity Normality. Molality. ACIDS AND BASES: Lowry . Unit-3 1. ionization of acids and bases. CaCO3 and CaSO4 . surroundings. SECTION . Thermo-chemical equations. heat. Osmosis and osmotic pressure. SOLUTIONS: Classification of solutions. abnormal molecular mass. sodium carbonate. CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS : THERMODYNAMICS: Concepts of system. Liquid state . Hess's law of constant heat summation.Chemistry ionic radii. Dilute solutions. Unit-4 1. viscosity and surface tension (Quantitative Idea only. Avogadro's law. theory of dilute solutions.properties of liquids in terms of Intermolecular attractions. entropy as a state function.GAT (UGTP)2013 Syllabus . Exothermic and endothermic reactions. Industrial uses of lime and limestone . sodium chloride. Lewis theory. formation. salts of oxoacids. First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy. Kinetic gas equation (No derivation) and deduction of gas laws from kinetic gas equation. preparation and uses of CaO.types of molecular velocities. biological importance of sodium and potassium. Ideal gas equation. Limitations of Raoults Law Colligative properties. Ideal behavior. Measurement of U and H. non spontaneous process and equilibrium process. neutralization. Kinetic molecular theory of gases. STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS: Grahams Law of diffusion. elevation of boiling point. work. Enthalpies of bond dissociation. extensive and intensive properties. critical temperature. Thermodynamic representation of criteria of spontaneity in terms of entropy. vapour pressure. Preparation and properties and uses of the compounds sodium hydroxide. combustion. depression in freezing point. Deviation from ideal behavior.C Page 2 of 8 . heat capacity and specific heat. limitations of Lewis theory.Biological importance of Mg and Ca. Emperical derivation of Gas equation. 3. Dalton’s law of partial pressures.Bronsted acids and bases theory. behavior of real gases. Mole fraction. 4. sublimation. Vapour pressure. Distribution of molecular velocities . determination of molar masses using colligative properties. No mathematical derivation). Ionic equilibrium.
Primary cell-dry cell/Lechlanche cell.GAT (UGTP)2013 Syllabus . of atoms per cubic unit cell.classification of emulsions. protective colloids and Gold number emulsions .Chemistry strong and weak electrolytes. Rate law.oxygen fuel cell. 2. methods of determination of order of reaction. electrolysis . redox reactions. Electrical and magnetic properties. Galvanic and voltaic cells representation and notation of electrochemical cells with and without salt bridge. micelles. autocatalysis. 3. SOLID STATE: Classification of solids based on different binding forces such as molecular. ionic product of water. CHEMICAL KINETICS: Concept of reaction rate. Bragg's equation. X-ray study of crystal structure. Order and molecularity. secondary cells .pressure (Langmuir and Freundlich Isotherms) and temperature. application to calculation of equivalent conductance of weak electrolytes. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY: Conductance in electrolytic solutions. Concept of pH.dimensional lattices. Brownian movement. physical and chemical adsorption. concepts of activation energy. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea). Adsorption of gases on solids. cleansing action of soap. Equilibrium constant.colloidal solutions. Dynamic nature of equilibrium. Point defects . Standard hydrogen electrode and electrode potentials. Seven crystal systems and Bravis lattices. Calculation of density of unit cell. hydrolysis constant.Hydrogen – Oxygen fuel cell and hydro carbon. solubility product and common ion effect with illustrative examples. EMF of cell. degree of ionization. SECTION . Bragg's method. Faraday's laws of electrolysis. packing in solids.Schottky and Frenkel defects. properties of colloids -Tyndall effect.fuel cells . ionic. units of rate constant. Coagulation. fused NaOH. Unit-6 1. No. Relation between Kp and Kc.C Page 3 of 8 .Chatlier's principle. law of mass action. EQUILIBRIUM: Equilibrium in physical and chemical process. electro chemical series. applications to the industrial processes like (I) ammonia (2) sulphur trioxide. Colloidal state . Le. factors affecting reaction rates. Electrolytes and non-electrolytes. buffer solutions. Integrated rate equations and half lives for zero and first order reaction. Treatment of metallic bond and metallic / solids. fused MgCl2. classification of colloidal solutions. Amorphous and crystalline solids. Collision theory of reaction rates (elementary ideas). brine solution. Factors affecting equilibrium. calculation of EMF of electro chemical cells.some typical examples of electrolysis viz. factors affecting the adsorption . Unit cell in twodimensional and three. Unit-5 1. covalent solids and metallic solids. Nernst equation and its applications. Specific and molar conductances. 4. Kohlrausch's law. Catalysis-types of catalysis. SURFACE CHEMISTRY: Adsorption.variation of conductance with concentration.
Boron hydrides. silicates and zeolites (Elementary ideas) Fuel gases : Manufacture and uses of producer gas and water gas. electronic configuration. Oxyacids of phosphorous. uses of oxides of carbon. compounds of xenonoxides and xenon halides (structures only). Boron: Physical and chemical properties. Isolation trends in physical and chemical properties. general characteristics of oxides. GROUP 16 ELEMENTS (VI GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence. Important compounds of silicon . electronegativity and electron affinity. chlorine. SECTION .industrial process of manufacture. physical states of Oxygen and Sulphur and their structure. electronic configuration.uses. general characteristics of hydrides. superphosphate of lime. uses of ozone. GROUP 18 ELEMTNS (ZERO GROUP ELEMENTS): General introduction. electronic configuration. some important compounds: Borax and Boric acid. Sulphuric acid . oxidation states. properties and uses of fluorine. Interhalogen compounds -structures only. oxidation states. Similarities between carbon and silicon. structural aspects of oxyacids of chalcogens. preparation. GROUP 14 ELEMENTS: General introduction. structure of hydrides.P values. Anomalous behavior of the first element of the group Carbon catenation. general characteristics of halides. occurrence.Chemistry 1. electronic configuration. occurance. Anomalous properties of first element of the group. Oxyacids of nitrogen. catenation. Potash alum.physical states of Nitrogen and Phosphorous. Ozone.GAT (UGTP)2013 Unit-7 Syllabus .silicon dioxide and a few uses of silicon tetrachloride. physical and chemical properties and uses. allotropy. 3. Unit-8 1. 2. 3. I. allotropy. allotropic forms. GROUP 17 ELEMENTS (VII A GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence.C Page 4 of 8 . preparation and uses of nitric acid and ammonia. chlorine and bleaching powder. trends in chemical reactivity. aluminium . uses. electronic configuration and oxidation states. electronic configuration. GROUP 13 ELEMENTS: General introduction. oxidizing power of fluorine. silicones. oxidation states. oxidation states. Physical states of halogens. uses. 2. Sodium thiosulphate. chemical reactivity. oxides and halides. trends in chemical reactivity. occurrence. reactions with acids and alkalies. bond energies. variation of properties. Variation of properties. structural aspects of oxy acids of chlorine. GROUP 15 ELEMENTS (V A GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence. General characteristics of hydrides.
valence bond theory.GAT (UGTP)2013 Unit-9 Syllabus . Hg2+. ligands. Types of reagents : Electrophiles. nitrate. Mg and Na.Chemistry 1. Fission of a covalent bond . Variable oxidation states. coordination number. atomic and ionic radii.metallic character. iron and silver. sulphate and sulphide. Ba2+. Unit-11 1. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Some basic principles and techniques: General introduction.substitution. Cu2+. electrometric effect. Bi3+. Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. halides (excluding fluoride). Alloy formation. Cr3+. interstitial compounds. Bonding. Occurrence and characteristics of transition metals. PRINCIPLES OF QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS: Group I to V (only Ag+. chlorophyll structures only). Occurrence and principles of extraction of copper. catalytic property. Biological systems (chromo proteins. SECTION . Al3+. methods of purification. Importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis. COORDINATION COMPOUNDS: Introduction. Common types of organic reactions . Zn2+.examples and reactive intermediates. extraction of metals. magnetic property. 2. ionization energy. TRANSITION ELEMENTS: General introduction. resonance and hyper conjugation. 3. 2. Inductive effect. Process of molten electrolysis to extract Al. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond. zinc. Elimination and rearrangement reactions with examples. chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction. Shapes of coordination compounds. color. isomerism. addition. Fe3+. Unit-10 1. Pb2+. general trends in properties of first row transition elements. variable oxidation states. Ca2+. nucleophiles and free radicals .homolytic and heterolytic fissions. Werner's theory of coordination compounds. reduction by chemical and electrolytic methods and refining. haemoglobin. quantitative and qualitative analysis. Mn2+ and Mg2+).C Page 5 of 8 . electronic configuration. IUPAC nomenclature of mono nuclear coordination compounds. EAN rule. LANTHANIDES : Electronic configuration. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALURGY: Principles and methods of extractionconcentration.
oxidation. aromaticity chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution . Ethyl chloride and chloroform. Electrophilic substitution reactions. ALCOHOLS.X bond. combustion and pyrolysis of ethane. methods of preparation of ethyl alcohol. Mechanism of substitution reactions SN1 & SN2 reactions 2. recemisation. importance of stereo chemistry. Acidic nature of phenol. secondary. mesoform. nature of C-X bond. halogenation. Cycloalkanes: Preparation and properties of cyclohexane. Compounds containing one chiral centre.methanol and ethanol PHENOLS: Nomenclature. 3. specific rotation. HYDROCARBONS : Classification of hydrocarbons. physical properties. chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation. PHENOLS AND ETHERS: ALCOHOLS: Nomenclature.nitration. chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen. methods of preparation of ethylene. halogen. Physical and chemical properties. geometrical Isomerism. Identification of primary. Alkanes . isomerism conformations (Ethane only). Friedel crafts alkylation and acylation. HALOARENES: Nature of C .discovery. Chlorobenzene substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for mono substituted compounds only) 3. structure of double bond (ethene). resonance. Methods of preparation of diethyl ether. Uses of some important compounds . methods of preparation of phenol. Benzene .GAT (UGTP)2013 Syllabus . Stereochemistry : Introduction to Isomerism and recapitulation of geometrical isomerism and conformations. physical properties. physical properties. hydrogen halides (Markonikov's addition and peroxide effect). Unit-12 1. Mechanism of dehydration. determination using a polarimeter. mechanism of electrophilic addition. racemic forms. Optical activity . directive influence of functional group in mono substituted Benzene carcinogenicity and toxicity.C Page 6 of 8 . resolution. Compounds containing two chiral centres. Methods of preparation of Ethane. tertiary alcohols. ozonolysis. water.Chemistry 2. Alkenes: Nomenclature. Uses of phenols ETHERS: Nomenclature. elements of symmetry. chiral molecules Configuration and Fischer projections of asymmetric carbon. enantiomers. physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only). D-L and R-S nomenclature. uses. HALOALKANES: Nomenclature. AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS: Introduction . physical and chemical properties.chiral objects. preparation.IUPAC nomenclature. diastereoisomers. physical and chemical properties. sulphonation.Nomenclature. SECTION . chirality .
maltose). KETONES AND CARBOXYLLIC ACIDS: ALDEHYDES AND KETONES : Nomenclature. Uses. SECTION . Nature of carbonyl group. Methods of preparation of acetaldehyde and acetone. methods of preparation of aniline. Unit-14 1. BIOMOLECULES: CARBOHYDRATES: Classification (aldoses and ketoses). Uses. Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose). ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN Nitrobenzene . DIAZONIUM SALTS: Preparation. AMINES: Nomenclature. properties uses. bio-degradable polymers. Bio .C Page 7 of 8 . Uses of azodyes. copolymerization. secondary and tertiary amines. condensation. S. 3. amino and nitro. Some commercially important polymers like polythene. glycogen) and Importance. lactose. nylon. molecular weights of polymers – number average and weight average molecular weights (definitions only). POLYMERS: Classification of polymers. 2. Methods of preparation of acetic acid. acidic nature. synthetic rubber. Reactivity of alpha. Classification. Identification of primary. addition. Physical and chemical properties. Polysaccharides (starch.hydrogen in aldehydes. CARBOXYLIC ACIDS: Nomenclature. 2. polyesters and Bakelite. carboxyl. Mechanism of nucleophilic addition.Chemistry 1. Natural rubber. Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures. uses.Preparation. Oligosaccharides (sucrose. Structure. physical and chemical properties. ALDEHYDES. physical and chemical properties. PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Detection of elements (N. vulcanization of rubber.GAT (UGTP)2013 Unit-13 Syllabus .polymers. cellulose. Chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. detection and identification of the following functional groups: alcoholic and phenolic. aldehyde and ketone. Halogens).
C Page 8 of 8 . Primary structure of DNA. major atmospheric pollutants. Artificial sweetening agents (aspartame. alitane. tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative ideas only). Antibiotics (pencillin. water and soil pollution. secpnal. Denaturation of proteins. codeine). potassium metabisulphite etc. Oxides of carbon . luminal. Antacids (omeprazole. proteins Primary structure. 2. Non. lansoprazole). Green house effect and global warming. VITAMINS: Classification. paracetamol). chloramphenicol. sucralose). Anti-microbials (lysozyme. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY: Definition of terms: Air. sulphadiazine).).carbon monoxide. Unit – 15 1. Tranquilizers (barbituric acid. primary building blocks of nucleic acids. Ozone and its reactions. serotonin). CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE : Uses of chemicals in medicine: Analgesics narcotics (morphine.GAT (UGTP)2013 Syllabus . Pollution due to industrial wastes. Phenacetin. smogs. acidrains. secondary structure. effects of depletion of ozone layer. NUCLEIC ACIDS: Types of nucleic acids. Antiseptics(chioroxylenol. Oxides of Sulphur and Nitrogen. antihistamines (histidine). bithional). disinfectants (formalin. Polypeptides. enzymes. Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution. lactic acid. Chemicals in food preservatives (sodium benzoate.narcotics (Asprin. genetic code. hydrochloric acid in stomach). Chemical reactions in atmosphere.Chemistry PROTEINS: Elementary idea of amino acids. Chloro Fluoro Carbons. ----------- SECTION . peptide. Antifertilitydrugs. Ibuprofen). Chemical composition of DNA & RNA. valium. Antipyretic (analgin. Functions in bio systems. formaldehyde).