Tamil Nadu

Demography
Geographical area (Sq km) *
Population size (#) *

130058

(2001)

72138958

(2011)

15.6

(2011)

Population decadal growth rate (%)*

Total fertility rate 
Live births per women

2.5
2.0

2.0
Total fertility rate (Live births per woman)**
Age‐specific fertility rate (15‐19 yr, per 1000 woman)**

1.7

(2009)

19.1

(2009)

66

(2004)

0.5
0.0

Life expectancy at birth (Year) **
Sex ratio (0‐6 years, Females per 1000 Males)*

946

(2011)

Population density (Persons per sq km)*
Source: Census*/SRS**

555

(2011)

1.5

1.7

1.0

2001

2002

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Source: SRS

Crude birth rate

Crude death rate

Per 1000 population

Per 1000 population

20.0

2003

19.0

10.0

15.0

16.3

7.6

8.0

7.6

6.0

10.0

4.0

5.0

2.0

0.0

0.0
2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Source: SRS

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Source: SRS

Economy
Gross domestic product at constant prices (Crore 
rupees)

Average monthly per capita consumer 
expenditure (Rupees, Rural)*
Average monthly per capita consumer 
expenditure (Rupees, Urban)*
Per capita net domestic product at constant prices 
(Rupees)

Unemployment rate (Usual status, %) *

348297

(2009‐2010)

Net area sown

834

(2007‐2008)

6000

1410

(2007‐2008)

5500

46823

(2009‐2010)

5000

3.0

(2007‐2008)

45.4

(2007‐2008)

Thousand hectares

5464

5043

4500
4000

Worker participation rate (Usual status, %) *

1999‐2000

2002‐2003

2005‐2006

Source: SDES/NSS report*

Source: MoAG

Growth of gross domestic product at constant prices   

Population living below national poverty line

(Base 2004‐2005=100)

Per cent

20.00

100.0

15.00

URP

80.0

13.32

MRP

60.0

10.00

8.96

5.00

40.0

35.0

32.8

21.1

22.5 17.8

1999‐2000

2004‐2005

20.0
0.0

0.00
2005‐2006

2006‐2007

2007‐2008

2008‐2009

1987‐1988

2009‐2010

1993‐1994

Source: DES

Source: PLCM

Proportion of villages electrified

Number of factories

Per cent

Number

120.0
100.0

2008‐2009

30000

100.0

100.0
94.9

80.0

25000
20000

60.0

15000

40.0

10000

20.0

5000

0.0

26122
21053

21265

2004‐2005

2005‐2006

23691

21042

0
2003‐2004

Source: Statistical abstract, MoSPI

2005

2008

2006‐2007

Source: Annual survey of industries, MoSPI

2007‐2008

2008‐2009

99 (2008‐2009) Literacy rate (age 7+) * 80.6 (2007‐2008) 20.0 120.4 (2007‐2008) Per cent 140.5 95.00 162792 40.5 DPT3 OPV3 Measles 81.5 49 30.000 0 Middle Schools High Schools 33. MoHRD Teachers Pupil‐teacher ratio in primary education Number Ratio 2008‐2009 2.6 80.0 94.0 10 Source: NFHS 0 2001 0.00 1.Tamil Nadu Education Gross enrolment ratio (VI‐VIII) Gender parity index (Grade I‐V) 1.0 40.33 (2011) Adult literacy rate (age 15+) ** 76.00 31079 Primary Schools 44.1 10.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 115.00.6 80.000 Higher Secondary Schools Source: Selected education statistics.0 0. %) Children aged under 3 yrs with diarrhoea treated  with ORS (%)* Children aged under 3 yrs with ARI/fever taken to  a health facility (%)* Ever married women aged 15‐49 years who have  heard of RTI/STI (%)* Routine Immunization (12‐23 months) Per cent (2009) 100.0 20.0 20.25 1.0 0.0 60.0 100.0 99.0 40.25 44.59 32.0 60.6 (2005‐2006) 38 (2007‐2008) 40.0 0.00.0 60.0 0.4 100.23 2004‐2005 2005‐2006 2006‐2007 20.0 18.000 live births)** Neonatal mortality rate  (Deaths per 1000 live births) ** 97 (2007‐2009) 18 Antenatal care (any components.9 BCG (2007‐2008) Source: NFHS/DLHS*/SRS** Source: DLHS Infant mortality rate Unmet need for family planning Deaths per 1000 live births Per cent 60 40.1 2007‐2008 2005‐2006 2002‐2004 Source: DLHS 2007‐2008 Full immunization .0 50 2007‐2008 89.0 84. MoHRD/Census*/DLHS** Source: Selected education statistics.0 1998‐1999 Source: NFHS 86.0 20.00 33.0 26.000 60.000 68507 54265 50.0 40 30 28 20 20. MoHRD 0.0 80.0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002‐2004 Source: SRS Source: DLHS Deliveries assisted by skilled health professional Women who had institutional delivery Per cent  Per cent 100.1 18.0 83.4 2003‐2004 2004‐2005 2005‐2006 2006‐2007 2007‐2008 2008‐2009 Source: Selected education statistics.0 98.5 90.01 (2008‐2009) Gender parity index (Grade I‐VIII) 0.00 2007‐2008 2008‐2009 Source: Selected education statistics.7 90.0 40. MoHRD Health Maternal mortality ratio  (Deaths per 100.50.

3 (2005‐2006) Timely complementary feeding rate 77.0 80.0 20.7 100.2 (2005‐2006) 33.0 60.0 42.5 29.  17.7 33.4 Condom use at last high‐risk sex (%) Source: BSS 8.7 Male Female 20.8 (2005‐2006) Per cent 100.3 NFHS  2005‐2006 DLHS  2007‐2008 0.0 60. under 3 yrs) 21.0 94.0 30.8 (2007‐2008) Adult HIV prevalence rate (15‐49 years) Comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (15‐24 yr) Per cent Per cent 1.0 80.Tamil Nadu HIV/AIDS Ever married women aged 15‐49 years who know  (2006) that consistent condom use can reduce the  chances of getting HIV/AIDS (%) Source: DLHS 46.0 48.0 100. under 3 yrs) Prevalence of wasting (moderate and severe.9 39.6 60.0 1992‐1993 Source: NFHS Exclusive breastfeeding rate (age 0‐5 months) Anaemia among children (under 3 years) Per cent Per cent 100.0 2006 100.0 40.0 40.0 60.0 20.0 571 80.0 80.8 40.0 40.5 33.2 (2005‐2006) 25.1 187 40.0 0.0 0.5 100.0 0.9 0.0 40.0 2005‐2006 80.0 1500 596 194 573 523 718 783 0 0.4 0.1 (2005‐2006) under 3 yrs) Prevalence of stunting (moderate and severe.8 20.0 0. under 3 years) 72.0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 0.5 1998‐1999 2005‐2006 60.0 0.0 20.0 40.0 NFHS  2005‐2006 DLHS  2007‐2008 Number 100.5 (2005‐2006) 44.0 60.3 69.2 36.0 Source: BSS Source: NACO Nutrition Exclusive breastfeeding rate (age 0‐5 months) 33.9 (2005‐2006) Proportion of infants with low birth weight Prevalence of underweight (moderate and severe.0 1992‐1993 Source: NFHS 500 207 21.0 1160 Incidence of crime against women 1097 Women aged 20‐24 years married by age 18 years Per cent 1133 Protection 1998‐1999 2005 2006 2007 2008 Dowry death Kidnapping and abduction 2005‐2006 Source: NCRB 2009 Rape .0 457 36.0 215 1000 60.2 1998‐1999 2005‐2006 40.9 20.4 0.0 0.0 Total Rural Urban Source: NFHS Source: NFHS Environment Households with improved source of drinking water Households with toilet facility Per cent Per cent 93.2 0.0 Prevalence of underweight (moderate and severe.0 80.5 (2005‐2006) 38.0 Children who received vitamin A supplements in  the last 6 months (6‐59 mo) Children who received vitamin A supplements in  the last 6 months (12‐35 mo) Source: NFHS 0.0 80.5 208 24.0 20.0 22.

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